Rogue One Click


Rogue One

A look at Industrial Light & Magic's work on Rogue One. The programme also visits Berlin to see how refugees are using tech to ease their transition to life in Germany.


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Transcript


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This week new homes and new lives. DIY space battles and hidden

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figures. Did you see that? EU, shame on you! We are living in

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interesting times. To many it feels like the world is shifting on its

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access. Tempers are rising, voices are being raised. And there is

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movement, political. Ideological. And physical. And this is one of the

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most divisive issues of the day - how to handle what the UN has cold

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the largest migration of people since the Second World War. At a

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migrants? Are they refugees? Should they be welcomed? Should they be

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turned away? At the Barbican in London and artist is making this

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nuclear with this work - in coming. He has used a long-range infrared

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camera to film the arrival of migrants and refugees of camps

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across Europe. It is actually a military tool that can detect body

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heat from 30 kilometres away. You can see through smoke and haze day

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or night. So this is a thermographic camera. In other words, you can

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actually see people was my body is glowing. A radiant thermal glow. You

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cannot really see their faces. It kind of a non- Isa 's people. It is

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an image of an individual with out a biological traits. It dehumanises a

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person, in a way, which is appropriate since it is a weapons

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grade technology. One interesting result of using a thermal imaging

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camera is that you cannot tell the skin colour of the people in the

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film. They are simply people. And of course that is part of this point.

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He says he wants to use the technology against itself, showing

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that the same camels that allow missiles to see can also emphasise

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the fact that all humid life gives off the same glow. We have to work

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with these people as humans. Instead our governments have created these

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extraordinary technologies to enforce those borders. So I guess I

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wish people would dwell on that gullible bit. Germany is one country

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that has taken on hundreds of thousands of refugees. Many travel

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to the country from Syria after hearing about its opendoor policy in

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the summer of 2015. But successfully integrating asylum seekers into

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society here is still one of the many challenges facing the nation.

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There are many obstacles to integration, including finding

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housing and getting a job and learning the language. But

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technology may help to speed the process. We have been to Berlin,

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which is now home to over 60,000 Syrian refugees, to see how. When

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the refugee crisis began, some of Germany's largest empty buildings

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were given over to how is refugees. Including the International Congress

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Centre. It was abandoned for conferences and home to over 450

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guests. 80 people live together in each of these spaces, colourful

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boxes lining a whole. Most are from Syria but there are asylum seekers

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from other countries as well. Afghanistan. Rush hour. Pakistan.

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Ideally, guests only stay here for a few weeks but many people have lived

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here for over a year. I first heard about this camp when I was covering

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Europe's biggest tech show. I was surprised to learn that there had

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been people living in the halls here as well, even recently. In fact hold

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26 used to housed refugees who have moved out since the conference

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started. The juxtaposition between a refugee camp in a high-tech trade

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show cold struck me. But many refugees have been helped by

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technology, using Internet and smartphones to guide their journey

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to Germany. Including this man, a programmer from Damascus to spend

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ten days travelling to Germany from Turkey and was filmed for a TV

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Channel. He graduated as a computer engineering 2010 and arrived Germany

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in 2014. I was a little disappointed because I thought I would find big

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technical companies and I would directly find a job and work but it

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was not like that. I needed about ten months to discover a position.

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It takes a few dozen refugees each semester, this course. The school

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was heavily supported by Facebook who donated space. Mark Zucker Bird

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and this wife visited the students recently. Through this place a web

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was -- and app was developed for newcomers. This is the people who

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speak Arabic so they do not suffer like me in the beginning. They can

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directly access all the information that they need. He won an award for

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this work and is entering an entrepreneurship scholarship for six

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months. In Berlin, finally I found my dream that I can take courses and

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connect with a lot of companies. I can enter the tech community here in

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this country. It was not easy to find that in the beginning. For many

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newcomers, the legal requirement to learn German is one of the hardest

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hurdles to integration. Outside the class, students can use

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one of these crime books donated by Google. Felix helped to build a

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Wi-Fi network here, which was non-existent. This is the server, a

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little further. It controls who was allowed to get on the Internet and

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who is not allowed. The crime books are allowed to be taken out five

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evenings a week and are controlled by a password which changes hourly.

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If anybody does something wrong we can tell the government. We are not

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bad people. This guy was a bad person. This distinction is

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important in Germany where regulation makes the owner of a

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Wi-Fi network liable for any activity. Muhamed from Syria found

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it difficult to get online when he arrived in Berlin and had a very

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different experience in this shelter. We have computer rules,

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free computers for 400 people and you needed an appointment to go and

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use one of them. You have to deal with security and if they are not in

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a good mood they will give you an appointment as after two weeks. If I

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want to use the Internet, I can't. He joined a group of activists who

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installed Routers across the cities which can connect refugee housing to

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the Internet for free. That is where we like to install our networks, at

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homes or churches. I went to see one of the installations on top of the

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church tower. Nodes are routed through virtual private servers

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which gets around some of the laws. This is a nano station antenna,

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regular five gigahertz financial Wi-Fi network like you would have at

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home. Somewhere like this where there are no inhibiting factors,

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this can reach for several kilometres. Cisco, one of the

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world's largest network provider saw an opportunity where is refugees had

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online access they could connect to courses already available in their

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language. Its campus in Berlin comes complete with an autonomous bus. It

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is also home to a familiar face. We first saw this man last year when we

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were filming in a camp in Jordan. He had lost this leg in an explosion in

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Syria. He was volunteering in Jordan with a start-up refugee app to print

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a cheap replacement parts. He made the difficult decision to travel to

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Berlin. He is now in Cisco training to be an engineer. It was amazing

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for me. This building from outside, so old and on the inside it is

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filled with technology, cutting-edge technology. When I realised that

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this would be my workspace I was even more excited. He spent this

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weekends teaching a robotics course for children. It is a nice and fun

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way to introduce programming to children. Cisco is currently working

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with five refugee interns and would like to expand the programme. They

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see the influx of Syrians as an opportunity to fill demand for

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programming skills in the country. Where would you see him after this

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programme? I would love to have him in the innovation Centre because at

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the moment I have a lot of different topics that I want to establish and

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I would love him to engaging with our customers and the solutions.

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Even then, in our future. Never have an issue of how to handle a refugee

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crisis been more controversial. By opening its borders, Germany is at

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the forefront of this debate. And it is clear that the tech community has

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a role to play and can help ease the transition to a new home. Hello and

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welcome to the week in Tech. It was the week that Uber found itself

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under fire after a former employee accused the company of sexual

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harassment in a blog post. Uber responded saying it would conduct an

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urgent investigation into the claims which it cold abhorrent and against

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everything Uber stands for and believes in. It was also the week

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that YouTube announced it would get rid of an skippable ads in 2018.

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Scientists showed off a special coating making it easier to get

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catch about of a bottle. And astronomers have discovered seven

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sized planets orbiting a single star. And, before you live, three of

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them may have conditions to support life. If you just hate living in a

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world with wires then research may have the answer. Their prototype

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living room can wisely charge ten items such as smart phones and fans

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by static have the resonance. This means you can walk around while

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powering up, the purpose-built room has walls, ceiling and a floor may

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develop many with a copper pipe in the middle, a signal outside and a

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power amplifier so not quite a simple DIY job. And finally,

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researchers at Brigham Young University have shown off an origami

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inspired light weight bullet-proof pillow. The Barrier is made up of 12

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layers of bullet-proof Kevlar and weighs only ?55.

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How many faces can you see in this picture? Did you see that? This is a

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persistence of vision display. You can only see it when your eyes, or

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in our case the camera, move left or right. We've slowed right down so

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you can really feast on... Uh... My face. So, persistence of vision

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display is predicated upon the persistence of vision for which is

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an effective human eye and it is the effect where when you look at any

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bright light and you look away you see a ghost of that bright light for

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a moment. So what happens is our display takes a standard

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2-dimensional image and Brexit up in the vertical columns. This single

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column of light brings out each eye, until it gets to the end of the

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image and start over. So as your eye looks away from the display, it

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prints each column in your retina in a different location and the whole

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image is reassembled in the eye. Moving strips of super fast flashing

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LEDs are painting pictures or text in the air for a couple of decades,

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but this relies on our eyes to do the movement. Something they are

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naturally doing all the time. For what purpose? Well, enormous

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adverts, for a start. We've created a new type of projection technique

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for creating persistence of vision displays and we patted that globally

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and what that lets us do it is scale the display massively. -- patented.

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It becomes challenging the display anything more than three metres, but

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with our Eco technology we can create displays up to 200 metres

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tall, turning skyscrapers into the world's biggest image machines.

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That's why if you've been walking down a particular street in Berlin

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last Monday, you might have seen my face out of the corner of your eye.

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Do you think this is safe? Do you think this is to distract him for

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drivers, for example? It is very important that we introduce it in

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the right way. It isn't going to be for every location. I wouldn't want

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to introduce this next to a motorway. We need people to

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understand it and much like when LED billboards first came into the

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public realm, they were very distracting and there was

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legislation instantly put in place in all to prevent destruction from

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drivers. We are going to have to travel a similar path. That's not

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the only eye-catching projection that I've seen this week. The head

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of next week's Mobile world Congress in Barcelona have also managed to

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get a sneak preview of mobile devices. It is the latest version of

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Sony's XB projector, and android -based device that throws a touch

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sensitive display on a table or wall. It has all the top Seoul

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touchscreen functionality of a tablet, with your finger's decisions

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being watched by a camera under the projector and a row of infrared

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sensors at table level to detect when you've actually touched the

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surface. We are heading towards a world where our devices will be so

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small that we won't want a screen or a keyboard or any kind of device

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attached to them and I see this as one of the solutions. You just have

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a display when you want it on whatever surface is around. Very

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cool, but this week... Even that is not the coolest thing I've seen.

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From blue screen jungles to strange adventures in time, over the past

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few weeks we've been exploring some of the best visual effects from the

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past year and this week is no exception. Directed by Gareth

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Edwards, the visual genius behind Monsters and Godzilla, Rogue One has

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earned over $1 billion at the box office and has been nominated for an

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Oscar in visual effects. Edwards worked with the team at Industrial

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Lights and Magic to recreate that Galaxy and as we found out when we

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visited them in London they provided some very cool Kit to comment his

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unique directing style. He is a very hands-on filmmaker. Likes to walk

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around the sets and physically pick up the camera is and walk around and

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find interesting angles that might not have occurred to him when he was

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planning the shoots in preproduction. They were keen that

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they were able to apply that same style of film into the synthetic

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camera, so we used the real-time virtual reality system and so he

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could show us rather than explain it to us. This is it? This is what we

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call our V camera. It is an iPad with a controller stuck on the back!

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So you are using existing technology? Exactly. We can set it

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out relatively easily and quickly. Is this where he did the scenes?

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This is where he shot his virtual film. So this is the scene that was

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actually set up for the trailer, the first trailer. You have this thing

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running and he would just walk around and decide on his best angles

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and after that? The idea wasn't that he would be getting perfectly smooth

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camera moves, but he was able to sort of show to as the beginning of

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the shot, I want it here, the end of the shot, I wanted here. Then it

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could be immediately picked up eye animators. We shop this in London

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and then pushed it into the pipeline and it was picked up by people in

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San Francisco and take was ready for them to review the next morning.

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They I have a go? Absolutely. -- may I have. The animation in this scene

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is the dish of the death star. Look! You can see behind the dish! So I

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can get a different shot to Gareth if I wanted? If I find a better

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shot, do I get a job? Waiting for an answer.

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Look at that! It's the dish going to the death star. Here we are

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following it as it approaches the shield gate. We can move around and

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follow it in. Over to the front. This film is set in the minutes

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before the very first one and so getting these computer generators,

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the models, to look exactly like the physical models from 1977 was I

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guess vital? Our friends and colleagues in San Francisco took

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digital scans of the original models. They had lots of texture

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references and thankfully just recreated them so that there

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wouldn't be any jarring differences between these ships and the others.

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We have teams of people who are responsible for laying out camera

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moves, we have teams of people who are building digital models, texture

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and digital models. We have a fantastic team of animators and a

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team who take all of the range is that we generate and put it

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altogether with all the footage and integrate it into a photorealistic

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result. So this model here are, is that completely full detail, the UK

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move the cameras anywhere? We had a camera rotated around on its own and

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we moved it randomly around the city. We ended up with hundreds of

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views. So many of them were fascinating. Typically if you give a

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shot to layout you will start dressing everything to the camera.

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You will start laying out buildings, typically with lighting you will

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start with backlighting, from one direction. But what we found was

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that because none of those considerations had been taken, you

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end up with occasionally finding things that were so natural, so

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lighting would be eliminated on one half of the wall, in the background

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for example, or none of the roads are perpendicular to the camera.

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That was really successful and we ended up using a lot of those views

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as the background in our shoots. How much of that was based on a real

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mushroom cloud? A lot. We did spend a lot of time watching old footage

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of nuclear explosions. It is quite terrifying when you watch them over

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and over again. And we wish everyone who worked on

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Rogue One all of the best of luck for this weekend. Just a quick word

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about next week's programme, which will be at the Mobile World

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Congress, the big phone show in Barcelona. We will bring you the

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full view from the show, mainly because we will be repeating what we

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did in Switzerland last year and filming it in 360, although this

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time will be streaming some of it live and we will show you how we

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filmed this incredible super slow mode footage. -- slow motion. We

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will give you a clue, the device is very, very mobile! In fact, we will

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show you exactly what it is and how good it is online on Monday. Keep

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your eye on Twitter for more details!

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Well, Friday was much quieter and calmer day than what Thursday

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