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Spencer asks why boys outnumber girls in tech. Dan explores IFA, the biggest tech expo in Europe. And Lara rediscovers augmented reality. Plus tech news.


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This week, the women fighting for tech recognition. Berlin in the

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round stoppage and attack of the swarm. It's going to be monstrous.

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This week, we've been to EFA, the massive tech show in Berlin. We'll

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be looking at the big launches and the cool new devices from the fair

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in a few minutes and we'll also hear from the people behind them to we've

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noticed once again mostly men. The lack of women in tech has been well

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documented. It's something we run up against every single day working on

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Click and it's so frustrating, it's extremely rare for us to turn up at

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a tech company and for of the available spokespeople to be female.

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It's been suggested that the lack of women in text of the building early

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on. Kids are going back to school this week on the heels of stats from

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the latest exam results here in the UK showing that girls are turning

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away from stem subjects, that's science, technology, engineering and

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maths. Only 20% of those who sat the computer sciences GCSE exam this

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year were girls. Forced GCSE engineering it was 10%. -- for.

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Someone who is fighting gender stereotypes is Anne-Marie. At 11 she

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took an A-level in computing and by 20 had graduated from Oxford in

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maths and science. The biggest thing is the social norm and it's that

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awareness of the options you have but also the role models and the

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people that have gone before you but so you think it's for dead white

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guys for two... They are living guys in ... The first programme was

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written by a woman but there's countless stories of women we don't

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hear all who we haven't been told so that definitely plays on that social

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norm. Anne-Marie co-founded stem X, an organisation on a mission to

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inspire and help more women into stem careers. Jews also filled a

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house with teenage girls from across Europe and turned it into an

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incubator new stem ideas -- shoes also. My advice is for young goals

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to look for their tribe Gashi is also. Technology is a social thing

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to do -- she's also. I would love to see a female character in EastEnders

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to move the social norm so for the rest of us the whole notion of a

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technical female isn't something that is one character in the matrix

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or whoever it is in that Bond movie, but something a little bit more

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mainstream fall of us. Of course since I met Anne-Marie there has at

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least been one big change on screen that may hopefully influence a whole

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generation. Maybe that should be regeneration of geeks. OK, now, as

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promised, to Berlin, to Europe's largest tech fair, IFA, where Dan

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Simmons has taken cover from the autumnal weather.

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Tunnels of curved TVs lead you from Hall 7218. There are 26 here at IFA,

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some larger than a football pitch, packed with the latest gadgets,

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gizmos and gardening baskets? This one also uses LEDs but to grow

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plants. The basket monitors and provides water and nutrients to

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promote growth and it's out in November. This year, robots seem to

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be everywhere. Cute ones... This one's got eyes in the back of its

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head. It's got an HD projector. To ones that will help you clean the

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floor. It's supposed to stop if someone walks in front of it but if

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it doesn't at least you get a nice shoeshine. And this multilingual one

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helps you get to your gate among other things when you feed in your

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boarding card. Both started work at Seoul airport this summer hoping to

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impress visitors and rage, raise LG's profile ahead of February's

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Winter Olympics. Smart helmets are catching on and a Chinese maker

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showed off its new offerings for cyclists and skiers to safely stay

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in touch. Now, you can also listen in confidence to your music as well,

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which is coming through speakers just underneath the rim of this

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helmet. Quite smart then really. You can take phone calls in this as

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well, that's why they call it a helmet phone. All of that is also

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incorporated into this helmet, that one is available next month, this

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one you'll have to wait until ski season gets under way because it's a

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proper ski helmet but with an added bonus of a push to talk button here,

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that means it connects to walkie-talkies as well as other

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helmets like this. If you're skiing with your family and friends you can

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constantly stay in touch. Smart watches haven't quite been the hit

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that was promised so what about an old school watch with hands with the

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smart screen there when you need it? The hands even get out of the way

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when you get a message and the idea has already raised $6 million in

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crowd fundraising. And SanDisk has another big number on a microscale.

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Now, this is remarkable, 400 gigabytes SD card. Only last year

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this would have looked like this. We've seen via's gadget for DIY home

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improvements that can see through walls earlier this year using

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radio-frequency signals like radar it can also detect family people are

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in the room and whether they're sitting or lying down. Useful for

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carers to detect falls. And the kit can also see through internal walls,

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so multiple rooms can be monitored without the need for an invasive

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camera. This sort of anonymous tracking could be used to smarten up

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our gadgets too. You can have your TV followed you around, you can have

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the TV turnoff when you get up and get a coffee and you can have the

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copy machine start making coffee when you leave your room in the

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morning or even direct the air conditioning or the heating to

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follow you around or change depending on how many people are

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inside the room. Two new upgrades to consume 360 cameras, Kodak's 4K

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offering is now an all in one unit and postproduction has been

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simplified with an easy-to-use slider to stick the two images

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together if you don't like the automatic on-board result. And

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instead 360's one can now stream live to Facebook or YouTube if you

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digress from its native 4K quality. It also let's you use a director's

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cut off what you shot to stare with friends and the clever bullet shot

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feature let's you go a little bit matrix. And Chinese newcomer

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showcased its new low-cost eight kay 360 camera due out in November. To

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macro big phone launches here, LG's the 30, which supports superhigh

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Reds sound files and a stunning 2-to-1 ratio of LED display and

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Sony's latest Experian model which uses the camera's autofocus function

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to create a 3-D model of anything. Normally to do 3-D you would have to

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go to a professional studio and use lots of cameras but we've brought

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that into one camera on a smart phone, take the standard OBJ file

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and the possibilities are endless. With some messages out there already

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able to make use of these 3-D scans, perhaps they are.

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Welcome to the week in tech. It was the week that the Boston Red Sox

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were found to have used an Apple watch too cheated during a recent

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baseball game. Players receive messages about what kind of pitch

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was about to be thrown. Clothes that grow as your child grows one this

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year's James Dyson award for innovation. The garments asked to in

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the prototype stage but it claimed they will fit children aged from six

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months all the way up to three years. It's goodbye to the ?300

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juicing machine backed by Google ventures and Perkins but was quickly

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criticised for being a sign of out of touch Silicon Valley elites.

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Essentially doing the same job as squeezing fruit with your hands. A

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pen like device can identify cancerous tissue in ten seconds.

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Scientists at the university of the test out it had a 96% accuracy in

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finding tumours. The world's bestselling electric car, the Nissan

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Leaf, got an upgrade this week, unveiling a European range of 235

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miles on a single battery charge. New self driving features like

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assisted parking. But Tesla isn't feeling threatened just yet it seems

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because it's Model 3 can still go further than the leaf on one battery

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charge. And finally the friendly plumber is no longer a plumber. In

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shocking news Nintendo announced this week that legendary character

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Mario is a sporty fella enjoying tennis and baseball and he once

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worked as a plumber. What's the future going to bring for his career

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I wonder? The release of both Apple and

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Google's AR developer kids are creating a bit of a buzz. At a time

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when augmented reality has been upping its game.

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We started out with augmented reality in books seven years ago and

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at the time we were using webcams and computers. Now the characters

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that we generate with the digital AR are much richer, they're more

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complicated, they're more sophisticated. The interactivity we

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can do with those features is much greater so as AR kids and AR core

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from Apple and Google come into play later this year will be able to be

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even more, it's going to be a very exciting journey. If you happen to

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find yourself on a roof and want to be joined by a dinosaur, then this

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could come in handy. The best AR experiences are when the virtual

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object is well placed in a 3-D space and its proportions change as you

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move around it. Here, its face is here. The AR kit is going to give

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the cameras on our everyday phones and tablets the capability to

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perceive depth better. It will do so by tracking objects in a scene

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through the frame using computer vision and analysis and combining it

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with data from its motion sensing hardware. According to Google its AR

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kit will also estimate the light coming into a room so that virtual

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things are placed in the scene and dynamically lit. And if rumours are

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to be believed the upcoming iPhone will feature a laser sensor to

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improve its spatial awareness. And cool, two weeks ago released this

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video which shows its new depth sensing chip, showing Android

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devices would be far behind. Right now the pricing Microsoft hollow

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lens might provide this experience for the elite few but augmented and

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mixed reality could be heading to the masses. That's certainly what

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the aim is with this, the $30 zapper zapper box. So, the kit consists of

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this Google cardboard inspired headset, which of course you place

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your phone inside, and to increase your field of view while doing that

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there is a fisheye lens to attach. Now you also got a head strap which

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means once that's attached you freed up your hands, once your hands are

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free you're going to be able to hold onto the two controllers so you can

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interact a bit more with your content and make sure you place

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things in a suitable environment in the real world, well, here are the

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markers. They will ensure the area is accurately mapped so virtual

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objects can be anchored appropriately. There's a rabbit.

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Hello, a rabbit has appeared. Right, must get these in my hands. Just a

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shame I found the headset rather uncomfortable to wear. It left me

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with a bit of a sore nose. But if a game of golf isn't for you then

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maybe this is. Thank you. City socials for a into the world

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augmented reality uses the medium to bring their cocktail menu to life.

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The leaf. You have a choice of what genre of art you would like in

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relation to what cocktail you choose so every cocktail tells a story.

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Before seeing this in the flesh I did struggle to see the point but

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the detail was beautifully executed. It was created and I think I

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personally could have appreciated it more on a food menu. Cheers. --

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creative. That was Lara. Earlier on we spoke

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about the shortage of women in science technology engineering and

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maths. That extends to gaming as well. But in the realm of his sports

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in Asia, some women are trying to buck that trend and win themselves

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thousands of dollars in prize money. Danny has met a group of gamers in

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China who have given up their jobs and made a career out of it. Welcome

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to the world of professional gaming. This is LLD, a professional female a

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sports team based in Shanghai. They are group of six game is living

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under the one roof, training 70 hours a week, playing legals

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legends. China is becoming one of the new centres of the sports world.

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They have overtaken both the US and Korea. There are 500 million gamers

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here. This is eastern China and this is the premium female esports

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competition. El LG is one of the leading female teams in the country.

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They have travelled across China to attempt to win their first trophy.

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16 teams go head-to-head in this knockout competition to take home

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$30,000 in prize money. But more than the money, winning an

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international competition would bring the team recognition.

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It takes thousands of hours of physical and mental dedication to

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become an esports professional. Chinese men are among the

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highest-paid gamers on the planet. The biggest earners can make close

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to $2 million a year. The female competitions are few and far

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between. LLG turned professional two years ago but they are yet to win

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any prize money. The team have progressed into the

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second round after defeating a Korean side. Tomorrow is the final

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of the competition. They retreat for the day.

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It's the morning of the final and nerves are sitting in. This woman

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dropped out of high school to pursue her career in gaming, against the

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wishes of her family. Esports players consider themselves

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athletes. They have trained hard to get this far. But they have already

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lost their first game. To take on the trophy, they must beat MG, a

:17:58.:18:06.

rival site from China. This is a do or die moment for LLG. To win this

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competition, they must come together as a team. Winning a major

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competition brings pride to the side.

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The esports industry in China is set to become an event at the 2022 Asian

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games. These may be the sports stars of the future.

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That was Danny Vincent. Now throughout this programme we have

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seen just how power will fall our smart phones are becoming and they

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are playing an increasing role, for better or for worse, in self

:19:47.:19:49.

diagnostics when it comes to our health. For example, here is an app

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designed to spot early signs of pancreatic cancer by using special

:19:58.:20:03.

glasses, or a special box, to test the colour of your eyes. It is to

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measure jaundice in adults by measuring the degree two of which

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the why part of the eye turns yellow jaundice can point to many different

:20:14.:20:18.

medical conditions but the one we are looking at its pancreatic

:20:19.:20:23.

cancer. The app are still in development but so far in an initial

:20:24.:20:27.

development it appeared to be about 90% as accurate as the blood tested

:20:28.:20:32.

it and this year, and advances as well in demystifying medical

:20:33.:20:38.

procedures. This scope won a design award. It allows a surgeon and those

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around them see exactly what is happening in 3-D while displaying

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vital statistics in an easy way. Here, for example, the patient's

:20:49.:20:52.

bloodflow level in each main is easily displayed. But was this 3-D

:20:53.:21:00.

by a printer that won busy's gold design award. This software was

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created to make it easier for clinical staff to design their own

:21:05.:21:07.

vascular structures and other cell tissue which can then be printed to

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order. It also offers a more complicated mini organs so companies

:21:15.:21:19.

can avoid testing products on animals and get a true human result.

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Liver tissue, these small mini livers can convert toxic substances

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into non-toxic. This is one key aspect of the liver and we can do

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this in the lab. But do not get to carried away. Alex reckons a

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full-size working human organ is still ten or 20 years away. One day

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we may have the strangest things swimming through our bodies. Don't

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worry, it would be these. But it could be millions of tiny nano

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robots swarm in a similar way to these prototypes. At Bristol

:21:59.:22:04.

Robotics lab, scientists are trying to work out how in the future we

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could treat cancer using I/O engineered nano particles. Those of

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the tiny green dots you can see here. They might fight the bad cells

:22:13.:22:17.

in a tumour, the red dots, by forming a trail to the problem area,

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targeting the infected tissue and delivering drugs directly to it. So

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how do you control millions of nano robots to do such a complex task?

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Well, the answer lies in nature. This is swarm behaviour at its best.

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Doctors Adina Howard and her team are harnessing the laws of nature

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and applying them to Robotics. It is fascinating because each one of

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these robots is following a simple set of rules and only looking at the

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local environment. And the effect of all of the robots working together

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gives you these beautiful conflicts figures. It is easy to programme

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robots to follow simple rules and they would certainly reduce some

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sort of swarm. But Sabena is trying to do it the other way around. She

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knows what complex swarm patterns that she wants and she needs to find

:23:17.:23:22.

the simple rules that produce them. Either we use bio inspiration, from

:23:23.:23:25.

nature, or we use machine learning where we do it automatically. Or we

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crowd sourced. Sometimes we ask that crowd to help us. As well is trying

:23:30.:23:37.

to reverse engineer nature, Doctor Sabine Howard has also developed

:23:38.:23:43.

tools to help programme and activate so many robots in one go. Nothing to

:23:44.:23:54.

worry about. You saved the universe. Oh, these have come to life. Hang

:23:55.:23:58.

on. That is all from us for now. We are on Facebook and Twitter.

:23:59.:24:05.

Hopefully I will see you next week. Assuming this swarm turned out to be

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friendly, that is. I'm a celebrity! Get me out of here!

:24:12.:24:16.