Conference Special Daily Politics


Conference Special

Andrew Neil and Jo Coburn with live coverage of David Cameron's Conservative Party conference speech in Manchester.


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Morning, folks. Welcome to our final Daily Politics conference special.

:00:35.:00:41.

Praise the Lord. The setting, Manchester. The occasion, the Tory

:00:41.:00:46.

Party conference. Today's big event, David Cameron's speech to the party

:00:46.:00:57.

faithful. The prime minister is expected to take to the stage in

:00:57.:01:00.

about half an hour's time. We'll have his speech live and

:01:00.:01:03.

uninterupted. Expect clear battle lines to be drawn between the Tories

:01:03.:01:06.

and Labour ahead of the general election. Mr Cameron's theme: Labour

:01:06.:01:10.

has tacked to the left, the Tories now occupy the centre right. Profit,

:01:10.:01:14.

Mr Cameron will say, is not a dirty word.

:01:14.:01:15.

The Education Secretary's been getting fit at an Austrian fat farm!

:01:15.:01:19.

And he's ready for a fight - with the teaching unions. We'll be

:01:19.:01:22.

getting Michael Gove's reaction to the Prime Minister's speech. And

:01:22.:01:27.

conference just wouldn't be conference without the thoughts of

:01:28.:01:35.

sketchwriter Quentin Letts. You have got the big, blue banners sorted,

:01:35.:01:39.

the nipples, the invitations have been sent out. Then someone has to

:01:39.:01:46.

go and spoil it. All that in the next two hours of public service

:01:46.:01:49.

broadcasting at its finest, and with us for the duration, a Tory grandee.

:01:49.:01:55.

In fact, it doesn't get much grander than this. Someone who likes to lord

:01:55.:02:01.

it over the political jungle, Michael Heseltine, no less. Now, if

:02:01.:02:11.

like me, you've been up since six reading the newspapers, you'll know

:02:11.:02:14.

that Mr Cameron doesn't dream of deficits and decimal points. Which

:02:14.:02:18.

is a bit of a relief to know. He dreams instead of helping people get

:02:18.:02:28.

on in life. Mr Cameron will say today that "it's businesses that get

:02:28.:02:31.

wages in people's pockets, food on their tables, hope for their

:02:31.:02:34.

families and success for the country". "Profit, wealth creation,

:02:34.:02:36.

tax cuts, and enterprise are not dirty, elitist words". Where have I

:02:36.:02:40.

heard all that before? In every one of your conference speeches. And

:02:40.:02:46.

every Tory's throughout history. Land of opportunity. It is deja vu

:02:46.:02:54.

all over again. But that is because it works. It is the great driving

:02:54.:02:58.

motivation of society. Couldn't he come up with something new? If you

:02:59.:03:04.

have got something better, change it. If it ain't bust, don't fix it.

:03:04.:03:09.

Ken Clarke said in today's Guardian in his usual help away that it will

:03:09.:03:14.

be a tall order for David Cameron to win the next election. It will be a

:03:14.:03:19.

tall order, because the Lib Dems scuppered the boundary distribution,

:03:19.:03:24.

but it is possible. And on balance, it is likely. But you always say

:03:24.:03:30.

that about elections. You told me that in 1997, when it was clear you

:03:30.:03:38.

were going to get dumped. It was a private conversation. You and I

:03:38.:03:43.

never have private conversations! But I think in the next election,

:03:43.:03:46.

the battle lines have been predictable for the three years.

:03:46.:03:50.

They are working out extremely well. They are the same battle lines that

:03:50.:03:54.

are always the essence of an election. If things are going well,

:03:54.:03:58.

don't let the other guy remit. If things are going badly, time for a

:03:58.:04:04.

change. There is Mr Cameron, hand-in-hand with Samantha Cameron,

:04:04.:04:08.

walking from one of the conference hotels. Looks like maybe he has come

:04:08.:04:13.

out of the Midland, the main conference hotel, right in the heart

:04:13.:04:20.

of Manchester. She has had an incredible revival in the centre of

:04:20.:04:23.

the city and is generally regarded by people who go to these

:04:23.:04:28.

conferences that Manchester is the top city to host these conferences.

:04:28.:04:33.

There are also Birmingham and Liverpool, but I only report what

:04:33.:04:37.

people tell me. And they are crossing what people call the

:04:37.:04:40.

piazza. Maybe you didn't know that Manchester has a piazza, but it

:04:40.:04:47.

does. There is a huge railway station in the centre of town which

:04:48.:04:52.

has now been converted into this magnificent new conference centre.

:04:52.:04:58.

"Hard-working people", but not hard-working at grammar, since they

:04:58.:05:07.

managed to miss out the hyphen. But expensive public schools, you don't

:05:07.:05:09.

learn to spell properly. Do you expensive public schools, you don't

:05:09.:05:12.

think ordinary people have yet to feel the benefits of this economic

:05:12.:05:23.

recovery? No. For a very obvious reason. So you agree with Mr Clark

:05:23.:05:30.

that they are not yet feeling it? They are not yet feeling it, because

:05:30.:05:33.

the recovery has been slower than anybody wanted. When the economy

:05:33.:05:38.

becomes more buoyant, the number of jobs will rise, and then wages will

:05:38.:05:48.

rise following demand. By the next election, unless something goes

:05:48.:05:50.

wrong with the international markets, like oil, people will find

:05:50.:05:55.

their wages have increased in real terms. But you have seen so many

:05:55.:06:01.

elections where this has been important, particularly for the

:06:01.:06:04.

Conservatives to do well. People will have to feel that their living

:06:04.:06:09.

standards are rising once more by 2015. Yes, but they will. Sitting

:06:09.:06:14.

governments don't win elections if people feel they are getting poorer.

:06:14.:06:20.

As I was saying, time for change is when the economy is not delivering

:06:20.:06:23.

what people want. Don't let the other guy ruin it is when you have

:06:23.:06:28.

been delivering rising living standards for 18 months before the

:06:28.:06:32.

election. It has to start happening now, and it is, particularly for

:06:32.:06:39.

those who are finding jobs. But in the growth and recruitment

:06:39.:06:40.

those who are finding jobs. But in advertising going on, which is now

:06:40.:06:45.

rising, I can see that we will have rising employment. As the market

:06:45.:06:50.

tightens, wages will improve and living standards will follow. What

:06:50.:06:54.

do you think of the politics of journalists asking politicians, do

:06:54.:06:59.

they know the price of a loaf of bread? They have always done that.

:06:59.:07:09.

Does it matter? Not at all. It might matter a flick of a finger on

:07:09.:07:14.

polling day, or the day before. But what is the price of a loaf red?

:07:14.:07:18.

There is not a thing called red any more. And we don't buy pints of

:07:19.:07:27.

milk. I like bread. I see in the papers that supermarkets are talking

:07:27.:07:31.

about 47p for the cheap stuff. But you can go up to three or £4 for a

:07:31.:07:37.

loaf of bread, and everything in between. I remember when there were

:07:37.:07:46.

no choices. There was a white loaf. Then you could ask the question. But

:07:46.:07:53.

that was so long ago. Before my time. But not before my time. Not

:07:53.:07:57.

that was so long ago. Before my long to go before the prime minister

:07:57.:08:02.

takes to his feet. Probably around 20 minutes, so let's get a sense of

:08:02.:08:06.

the mood in Manchester with James Astill from the Economist and Times

:08:06.:08:11.

columnist and Grazia litter glad to Gaby Hinsliff. James, has it been a

:08:11.:08:16.

good week for the Tories? It has been a reasonably good week for

:08:16.:08:22.

them. Mr Cameron does not have the questions against his authority that

:08:22.:08:29.

he had last year. The mood is resigned, or quietly contented with

:08:29.:08:33.

his leadership. People are watching the economy, of course. But they are

:08:33.:08:40.

generally hopeful that the economy recovery will get stronger. His

:08:40.:08:46.

speech is following that context, it is not as good as it should be, but

:08:46.:08:51.

not as bad as it might be. Gabby, Ed Miliband's speech last week changed

:08:51.:08:56.

the direction of conferences and laid down a challenge for the

:08:56.:08:59.

Conservatives. Do you think they have and said that this week? That

:08:59.:09:04.

is what we will see today. If Ed Miliband was talking last week

:09:04.:09:08.

breadline Britain, people who are desperate, then Cameron is talking

:09:08.:09:12.

to what you might call the bread-maker owning classes, or at

:09:12.:09:16.

least people who aspire to have a bread-maker, a more comfortable, but

:09:16.:09:20.

still anxious class of people. This conference is surrounded by Thatcher

:09:20.:09:23.

memorabilia will stop it is the first one since she died. He will be

:09:24.:09:29.

trying to recapture that sense of aspiring people who work hard, but

:09:29.:09:33.

also to recapture some of the excitement around politics. I was

:09:33.:09:36.

listening to in Duncan Smith last night and missing about how exciting

:09:36.:09:42.

it was to be a Tory under Thatcher. People are not carried away here.

:09:42.:09:47.

There is a sense of that in the extracts we have seen, because David

:09:47.:09:51.

Cameron is obviously keen not to focus on things like deficit

:09:51.:09:55.

reduction, or not only that anyway, because he needs to offer something

:09:55.:09:59.

more and be more optimistic. You get that sense? That is certainly the

:09:59.:10:06.

sense of the extracts we have seen, but he needs to convince us. We know

:10:06.:10:11.

he can do a good rhetorical turn . We know he can make a set piece

:10:11.:10:15.

speech and make an argument, but we need something more urgent and

:10:15.:10:21.

interesting. The challenge of David Cameron's careerist to make ordinary

:10:21.:10:26.

people believe he cares about their problems and understands them. At

:10:26.:10:34.

the same time, he needs the support from his party. Those are two urgent

:10:34.:10:39.

things. Understanding is something we have not really seen from him

:10:39.:10:43.

yet. What about UKIP? How have they dealt with the challenge from the

:10:43.:10:48.

right, and what does he need to do in the speech to answer that

:10:48.:10:55.

challenge? I would not say he has to address that challenge. Nigel Farage

:10:55.:11:00.

has been a bigger draw here on the fringe. That is what many Tory MPs

:11:00.:11:07.

would like to hear about from David Cameron today, something that makes

:11:07.:11:10.

them feel that UKIP will not eat into their votes. That is not about

:11:10.:11:14.

Europe, it is about all the issues of disaffection that UKIP are

:11:14.:11:19.

picking up on. UKIP seem to have adopted the Tory manifesto from 30

:11:19.:11:21.

years ago wholesale, which appeals to a lot of older Tories. Do you

:11:21.:11:27.

think Boris mania has deflected a bit? Yes. It clearly has. Cameron

:11:27.:11:35.

set the tone yesterday himself by saying that he would welcome Boris

:11:35.:11:42.

back to Parliament. It shows that Cameron feels more secure than he

:11:42.:11:51.

has done. I suspect it also shows that he knows that the enormous

:11:51.:11:56.

excitement about Boris last year after the Olympics has dissipated a

:11:56.:12:02.

bit. We are going to talk now about something that has dominated the

:12:02.:12:05.

last few days, which is the row between the Daily Mail and the

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Labour leader Ed Miliband over the paper's article claiming that Ed

:12:09.:12:13.

Miliband's father Ralph Miliband hated Britain. Last night, the

:12:13.:12:17.

paper's deputy editor clashed on Newsnight with Labour's Alastair

:12:17.:12:23.

Campbell. We will hear and excerpt of that interview, starting with the

:12:23.:12:26.

deputy editor admitting it was perhaps a mistake to have a picture

:12:26.:12:31.

of Ralph Miliband's grave next to the headline, grave socialist. It

:12:31.:12:35.

may be that the publication of that picture was an error of judgement on

:12:35.:12:39.

our website. When Ed Miliband complained about that on Saturday

:12:39.:12:43.

evening, he spoke to me personally and I arranged that picked Joe to be

:12:43.:12:51.

rude. I think using that picture was an arrow of judgement. -- I arranged

:12:51.:12:56.

for the picture to be removed. Can you justify that headline? Did Ralph

:12:57.:13:02.

Miliband hate Britain, having fought in the war for them? Yes or no?

:13:03.:13:11.

Ralph Miliband's values... You don't support what the piece said, do you?

:13:11.:13:19.

His views were anti-static to many peoples views... Fairly explosive

:13:19.:13:24.

clash on Newsnight. Gaby Hinsliff, your thoughts on the fact that the

:13:24.:13:26.

Daily Mail felt dead did have to put your thoughts on the fact that the

:13:26.:13:32.

somebody up to defend the original article? That is unusual. The Daily

:13:32.:13:36.

Mail does not usually put senior executives on air will stop it was

:13:36.:13:40.

interesting that it was not Paul Baker who went up. The Daily Mail

:13:40.:13:44.

have published a selection of readers' letters, and a large number

:13:44.:13:48.

of them feel it was wrong to go after someone's father, rather than

:13:48.:13:55.

after them. They do recognise that Ralph Miliband fought in the war. He

:13:55.:13:58.

was a Holocaust survivor. You don't take things like that lightly. The

:13:58.:14:04.

Daily Mail is explaining itself to its readers, if not Alastair

:14:04.:14:09.

Campbell. What about Ed Miliband? Even David Cameron said he

:14:09.:14:12.

understood somebody wanted to defend their own father, even if it was as

:14:12.:14:19.

public as Ed Miliband made it. I think this will prove helpful for Ed

:14:19.:14:25.

Miliband. His televised explanation of what he was doing, showing how

:14:25.:14:34.

incensed he was, I thought he was impressive. People will sympathise

:14:34.:14:40.

with and admire him. This could be a significant change in the way the

:14:40.:14:49.

country views him. Michael Heseltine, did you feel sympathy for

:14:49.:14:54.

Ed Miliband? Yes, I did. First of all, this arose from a diary entry

:14:54.:14:59.

when the guy was 17. It was written at a time when the big political

:14:59.:15:03.

issue was Communist, on the one hand, fascist on the other. And it

:15:03.:15:07.

is a quite different climate to the one we know today. But I have to

:15:07.:15:13.

say, Alistair Campbell's point was fair, nothing happens in the Daily

:15:13.:15:19.

Mail which Paul Dacre does not determine personally. He has done a

:15:19.:15:22.

profile both of Nick Clegg and of Ed Miliband, through one of his

:15:22.:15:28.

supporting journalists, which are hatchet jobs. There is no way you

:15:28.:15:31.

can describe it in any other way. And that is during the period of

:15:31.:15:37.

their conferences. I personally felt this was carrying politics to an

:15:37.:15:41.

extent which is just demeaning, frankly. The headline was not

:15:42.:15:46.

justified? Bootle it was not justified, and it is completely out

:15:46.:15:50.

of context. As everybody knows, the guy fought for this country, and we

:15:50.:15:55.

now live in a totally different world to those times, when it was

:15:55.:15:57.

all about the clash between coming is and fascism. Let's be frank,

:15:58.:16:03.

Stalin did some most appalling things, but the Russians turned the

:16:03.:16:07.

Second World War. So, it has been a year to remember.

:16:07.:16:16.

The Prime Minister has had to tread a difficult path, keeping everybody

:16:16.:16:19.

happy, including his coalition partners and the right of his party.

:16:19.:16:23.

Not an easy task. What would Margaret Thatcher make of it all? We

:16:23.:16:27.

have been to a former Conservative club to find out some opinions on Mr

:16:28.:16:33.

Cameron's year. This report contains some flash photography.

:16:33.:16:44.

Margaret Thatcher was a political giant, the most successful

:16:44.:16:50.

Conservative leader in modern times. She won three elections in a row,

:16:50.:16:54.

and this April, she passed away, but even in death, Lady Thatcher towers

:16:55.:17:01.

over her successors. Today, we lost a great leader, a great Prime

:17:01.:17:08.

Minister and a Great Britain. Margaret Thatcher did not just lead

:17:08.:17:12.

our country, she saved our country. Margaret Thatcher was a proven

:17:12.:17:15.

winner, but is David Cameron? After all, he did not win in 2010, and he

:17:15.:17:23.

may not in 2015, either. Now, there are three main reasons why this is

:17:24.:17:29.

the case, so, what are they, and how can he convince Conservative MPs and

:17:29.:17:34.

Tory members in the Conservative clubs and associations that he has

:17:34.:17:42.

got a plan to deliver victory? The first problem for Cameron is the

:17:42.:17:46.

grip of the Liberal Democrats on the seats they hold. In February, Nick

:17:46.:17:50.

Clegg's party held the marginal seat seats they hold. In February, Nick

:17:50.:17:56.

of Eastleigh in a by-election. Cameron's second problem is

:17:56.:18:01.

Labour's resilience. In November, Labour took a four Conservatives

:18:01.:18:08.

seat in Corby, in a by-election, a reminder that Labour is uniting the

:18:08.:18:11.

left by picking up the support of left-wing people who used to vote

:18:11.:18:15.

Liberal Democrat. It is also a reminder that the electoral battle

:18:15.:18:21.

ground favours Labour. But while the left is uniting, the right is

:18:21.:18:25.

divided. They did Cameron faces the new threat of UKIP. They did not

:18:25.:18:31.

just beat him in Eastleigh, but in the Rotherham and Middlesbrough

:18:31.:18:35.

by-elections as well. UKIP is David Cameron's the problem. In May, Nigel

:18:35.:18:41.

Farage and UKIP won more than 150 council seats in the local

:18:41.:18:46.

elections. Nigel Farage, of course, celebrated in the pub. This is

:18:46.:18:52.

absolutely marvellous. Nonetheless, Cameron is fighting back. Tory

:18:52.:18:55.

backbenchers have cheered up, buoyed by Labour's falling polls, by the

:18:55.:19:02.

benefits, where the deportation of the terror suspect Abu Qatada, and

:19:02.:19:07.

by the Prime Minister's backing for a private member's bills brought in

:19:07.:19:11.

by James Wharton, a Conservative backbencher, to bring about a

:19:11.:19:17.

referendum on Britain's EU membership, which Cameron had

:19:17.:19:23.

promised. I am delighted to be taking this bill forward. It means a

:19:23.:19:26.

lot to a lot of people across the country. It is a big issue and a

:19:26.:19:28.

significant one, which deserves to be debated.

:19:28.:19:36.

The Same Sex Marriage Bill became law, but not before more Tory MPs

:19:36.:19:43.

voted against it than for it. Many were very unhappy. Some claimed

:19:43.:19:49.

party members were leaving in droves. And then, just when things

:19:49.:19:54.

were looking up, and Tory MPs were getting more cheerful, came Syria.

:19:54.:20:00.

Parliament spoke, and I think Parliament made clear its view,

:20:00.:20:05.

which was that it does not want a British involvement in military

:20:05.:20:09.

action, so we will proceed on that basis. But I think that is right, to

:20:09.:20:13.

have a strong view, put forward a strong case, and then to listen to

:20:13.:20:16.

Parliament. David Cameron lost the Syria vote not just because of the

:20:16.:20:22.

votes of Labour MPs, but because enough Conservative MPs did so, too.

:20:22.:20:24.

Their bottom line was that they enough Conservative MPs did so, too.

:20:24.:20:28.

simply did not trust him not to get Britain entangled in another Iraq

:20:28.:20:32.

war. That sums up David Cameron's problems with his party - it is all

:20:32.:20:37.

a matter of trust. You see, those MPs just did not trust him on the EU

:20:37.:20:43.

Referendum Bill that is why he is backing the James Wharton bill. The

:20:43.:20:47.

Europe issue, which proved so difficult for Mrs Thatcher, is

:20:47.:20:53.

proving no easier for her successor. Is there any growth in that box,

:20:53.:20:59.

Chancellor? But if there is one area where the Conservatives have a lead,

:20:59.:21:03.

it is the economy. As those elusive green shoots begin to show through,

:21:03.:21:08.

voters feel safer with George Osborne's hand Mattila, than that of

:21:08.:21:13.

Ed Balls. The economy is not in full recovery mode, but if it is by 2015,

:21:13.:21:16.

that will surely give David Cameron recovery mode, but if it is by 2015,

:21:16.:21:21.

his best chance of winning. A weak opposition and an improving economy

:21:21.:21:25.

- the Conservatives have got reasons to be cheerful. But can David

:21:25.:21:29.

Cameron really overcome the problems I have described? If he can't, will

:21:29.:21:34.

he try to form another coalition with Nick Clegg after the next

:21:34.:21:37.

general election? I cannot help wondering, if that happens, what

:21:38.:21:43.

Margaret Thatcher would have thought about it.

:21:43.:21:45.

Let's get the thoughts of two prominent Tory backbenchers are in

:21:45.:21:53.

Manchester, Harriet Baldwin and Peter bone. Baldwin and bone, it

:21:53.:21:59.

sounds like provincial lawyers, or a musical act, or maybe both. If Mr

:21:59.:22:05.

Cameron could not win in 2010, what makes you think he could win in

:22:05.:22:10.

2015? Well, I think what we have got to focus on is continuing to rescue

:22:10.:22:15.

the economy from Labour's recession and build on the early signs that we

:22:16.:22:20.

are seeing, make sure that jobs are continuing to be created by private

:22:20.:22:27.

sector firms. We have seen 1.4 million private sector jobs created

:22:27.:22:30.

since the election, so make sure that those jobs are ones where

:22:30.:22:34.

people can continue to increase their skills and their wages in due

:22:34.:22:38.

course. Jobs where people can save for pensions, and where... All

:22:38.:22:46.

right, do not go through the whole list! None of that may win you the

:22:46.:22:49.

election, even if it all comes to pass. Can you tell me, who is the

:22:49.:22:52.

last sitting Prime Minister who increased his share of the vote? If

:22:52.:22:56.

you look back in UK history, the increased his share of the vote? If

:22:56.:23:00.

answer is Harold Wilson, but if you look abroad, and you look at the

:23:00.:23:04.

advance of centre-right parties around the world, you can see

:23:04.:23:09.

examples in New Zealand, in Canada, and recently we have seen the

:23:09.:23:12.

Australians vote for a centre-right party, Norway... These were all

:23:12.:23:17.

getting rid of incumbents, they were not vetting rid of the left, they

:23:17.:23:21.

were just getting rid of incumbents, and you are the incumbents. Peter

:23:21.:23:27.

Bone, you have a particular problem, because for the first time, you go

:23:27.:23:34.

into an election where the right is seriously split tween the

:23:34.:23:38.

Conservatives and UKIP - how big a threat is UKIP to the Conservatives

:23:38.:23:43.

losing marginal seats? I take that as a different point of view. I

:23:43.:23:48.

think it is a great opportunity. If our problem was that all of the

:23:48.:23:51.

voters were looking at centre-left parties, we would have no chance at

:23:52.:23:56.

the next election. But the voters are looking at centre-right parties.

:23:56.:24:00.

So if anyone should be worrying, it is Ed Miliband. He has not got a

:24:00.:24:09.

pond to fish in. But they are well ahead but you know, Andrew, at this

:24:09.:24:14.

stage in the Parliament, that has no import whatsoever. So, Lord

:24:14.:24:24.

Ashcroft's poll of the Tory marginals, which shows you losing

:24:24.:24:27.

Ashcroft's poll of the Tory these marginals because a chunk of

:24:27.:24:29.

your vote goes to UKIP, that is not going to happen? You know, Andrew,

:24:29.:24:37.

that is if there was a general election tomorrow, and it will not

:24:37.:24:40.

be tomorrow, it will be in 18 months time. I then, we will have won over

:24:40.:24:46.

the centre-right vote, which is what I guess David Cameron will start to

:24:46.:24:49.

do with his speech in a few minutes' time. Harriett Baldwin, do you think

:24:49.:24:54.

there should be an electoral pact with UKIP at a constituency level?

:24:54.:25:00.

No, I think the Conservatives will field candidates in every

:25:00.:25:03.

constituency, as Conservatives. But I am sure that the sensible voters

:25:03.:25:06.

in Wellingborough, where Peter will be standing as a Conservative

:25:06.:25:10.

candidate, will recognise what a great MP he has been and back him

:25:10.:25:14.

again. Well, that is very controversial to say that! Peter

:25:14.:25:18.

bone, would you like to have a pact with UKIP in your constituency? I am

:25:18.:25:24.

a Conservative and always will be, and I will be on the ballot paper as

:25:24.:25:31.

a Conservative. I will answer your question - I would like UKIP to

:25:31.:25:34.

endorse me, I would like the Liberals to endorse me, I would like

:25:34.:25:38.

Labour to endorse me, if they see common sense. Well, what is the

:25:39.:25:42.

difference between you and UKIP? You have even got a UKIP Thai jig on,

:25:42.:25:49.

almost. You know this tie, it is one the Australians gave us when we

:25:49.:25:54.

allowed them to beat us at cricket. That is a long time ago! So, what is

:25:54.:25:59.

the difference between you and UKIP? This is the point I made at

:25:59.:26:04.

the beginning, there is this huge centre-right vote, and we need to

:26:04.:26:08.

unite it. Whether that is done by a pact, or by an understanding, or

:26:08.:26:12.

whether we just get those people who are thinking of voting UKIP back to

:26:12.:26:16.

us, it is a huge opportunity. If we do not do that, we have a problem

:26:16.:26:20.

electorally. But this is the challenge the next 18 months. You

:26:20.:26:24.

are not on the centre-right, Tech, you are on the right! Thank you, I

:26:24.:26:32.

am glad you corrected me on that. --. Peter Bone Thank you for that

:26:32.:26:41.

plug, but the actual situation is, we are a broad church, and anyone to

:26:41.:26:44.

the centre-right should vote Conservative, but we have to

:26:44.:26:47.

persuade people were thinking of voting UKIP that we have a

:26:47.:26:50.

centre-right vision. And that is what I think the Prime Minister will

:26:50.:26:55.

start doing today. And the alternative is a very Socialist

:26:55.:27:00.

Labour Party, that it has been reported that there has been a

:27:00.:27:04.

record trade in Manchester during your conference in lobsters at

:27:04.:27:11.

expensive restaurants - lobsters the food of hard-working people? I have

:27:11.:27:15.

not seen a single one myself. But I am very proud that we have put £25

:27:15.:27:19.

million into the Manchester economy this week, and created a look was

:27:19.:27:25.

that your own money? I would like to thank the police also... All right,

:27:25.:27:29.

all right, you have plenty of time to do that. Peter Bone, is lobster

:27:29.:27:37.

the food of hard-working people? I hate lobster, my money went in the

:27:37.:27:43.

local Subway. I did not know Manchester had a tech subway. The

:27:43.:27:53.

restaurant chain! Though you are, Baldwin and Bone, you got the part.

:27:53.:27:59.

Thanks for joining us. Moving away from the type of food which has been

:27:59.:28:05.

on offer in Manchester... In the 17th century, the peasants went on

:28:06.:28:09.

strike because they had too much salmon to eat. That's true. There

:28:09.:28:14.

was a lot of salmon in the rivers, and they got it a after day. Who

:28:14.:28:19.

knows, with artificial breeding, what might happen with lobsters? We

:28:19.:28:24.

will worry about that on another occasion. Could I just ask you

:28:24.:28:27.

briefly about UKIP? The line is going to be, to Tories who are

:28:27.:28:33.

thinking that they might put their cross next to the UKIP candidate in

:28:33.:28:37.

2015, if you vote UKIP, you will get labour, that will be the Tory line,

:28:37.:28:42.

won't it? It is true. How else do you persuade people not to vote for

:28:42.:28:48.

UKIP? I think you very clearly articulate what you believe in, and

:28:48.:28:52.

you have a vision based on what you believe in, but the basic, that

:28:52.:28:59.

issue is that there is no room for a protest vote without a price. The

:28:59.:29:09.

price is Ed Miliband. What about policies which people like Peter

:29:09.:29:13.

Bone and others in his party who agree with him on issues like Europe

:29:13.:29:19.

might believe in, are those sorts of things, like the marriage tax break,

:29:19.:29:23.

which might persuade people to stay within the Tory fold? I think Europe

:29:23.:29:26.

which might persuade people to stay is somewhere down about ninth in the

:29:26.:29:29.

list of issues that people care about. The election next year will

:29:29.:29:33.

attract a lot political attraction, it will have a derisory turnout.

:29:33.:29:37.

People just are not that interested. It is a sort of media hype type

:29:37.:29:44.

issue. And the marriage tax break, a good policy? It is a fine policy, it

:29:44.:29:48.

is not going to make a great deal of difference, but it is important in

:29:48.:29:51.

is not going to make a great deal of one respect - Cameron promised it

:29:51.:29:54.

and he has delivered it. That is an important credibility issue, as is

:29:54.:29:59.

his gay marriage proposal. Very controversial, particularly in the

:29:59.:30:02.

Tory party, but to a section of the electorate, a promise kept. There

:30:02.:30:07.

are some Tory MPs who are synthetic to the idea of deals done with UKIP

:30:07.:30:12.

locally, at a constituency level, there is some confusion on the UKIP

:30:12.:30:14.

side as to whether they would sanction that or not - what do you

:30:14.:30:20.

say? Beware of what happens to your pivotal vote in the centre ground.

:30:20.:30:31.

We have seen UKIP's before, with all of its representatives on the

:30:31.:30:34.

continent, they are even daring Germany now, on a small-scale, they

:30:34.:30:38.

are there in Holland. You always have these right-wing, racist

:30:38.:30:42.

operations, pandering to the lowest, and eliminate in politics.

:30:42.:30:47.

And that is what is happening. But when it comes to a general

:30:47.:30:51.

election, the choice will be very simple, and this is where the

:30:51.:30:56.

strength of Cameron lies - do you want Ed Miliband Prime Minister, or

:30:56.:31:01.

do you want David Cameron? Are you saying UKIP is racist? Of course it

:31:01.:31:06.

is racist. Who doubts that? The language, the rhetoric, the

:31:06.:31:11.

membership, who doubts it? Mr Farage is a racist? I did not say that, I

:31:11.:31:15.

said his party is very attractive to a racist agenda. Everybody knows

:31:15.:31:26.

that. Let's not pretend there is an agenda for that. I lived through

:31:26.:31:31.

Enoch Powell's era, and the emotion his speech aroused at that time with

:31:31.:31:36.

certain elements not just in the Conservative Party, but the dockers

:31:36.:31:40.

and the Smithfield Porters, that a gender is there in every society,

:31:40.:31:45.

all the time. At your peril do you stoke it up. Just like Powell's

:31:45.:31:52.

speech, it was misleading. It gave the impression that you could change

:31:52.:31:55.

the fortunes of society, that they could go home, preferably with

:31:55.:32:02.

someone pushing them home. That is inconceivable. Boris Johnson won

:32:02.:32:07.

London with a 50% ethnic electorate. Birmingham, Manchester, Sheffield,

:32:07.:32:12.

they are now approaching 30%, some areas higher. That is the

:32:12.:32:17.

constituency which the Conservatives have got to fight in and win in, and

:32:17.:32:24.

if they think they can peel off to a sectoral, narrow south-east of

:32:24.:32:28.

England, there is a high electoral price to pay, and it will be paid

:32:28.:32:32.

why those who will not stomach any association with UKIP and will move

:32:32.:32:38.

out into the middle ground. Let me into rock. The prime minister will

:32:38.:32:44.

be speaking shortly. Let's go to Manchester and our political editor

:32:44.:32:47.

Nick Robinson. I get the impression that the specific prominence that Mr

:32:47.:32:50.

Miliband gave last week to freeze energy prices and a couple of other

:32:50.:32:56.

promises will be met not by the equivalent, but by more general

:32:56.:33:01.

rhetoric about recovery from Mr Cameron? Today, that is true. In the

:33:01.:33:06.

long-term, leading up to the Chancellor's Autumn statement, his

:33:06.:33:08.

long-term, leading up to the mini Budget, you will see other

:33:08.:33:12.

measures on the coalition government designed to deal with the so-called

:33:12.:33:17.

standards of living Rob. They may try to bring down train fares. In

:33:17.:33:21.

the longer term, they may try and do something about the energy market,

:33:21.:33:27.

too. There are suggestions that the government is considering getting

:33:27.:33:32.

the taxpayer to pay for the green part of peoples energy rather than

:33:32.:33:36.

the consumer. But today, you will get no Lizzie promises of that sort.

:33:36.:33:40.

You will get a rhetorical assault on aid and band and Ed Balls. The prime

:33:40.:33:45.

minister will claim there were wrong about land A and plan B. He will say

:33:45.:33:49.

they are trying to -- trying to change the subject about standards

:33:49.:33:55.

of living. He will say they are making an attack on the idea of

:33:55.:33:56.

business profit and enterprise, making an attack on the idea of

:33:56.:34:00.

which will be deeply damaging to the economy and in the long-term, make

:34:00.:34:05.

us all poorer. We have briefed about phrases like" land of opportunity"

:34:05.:34:12.

and so on. Sounds like he is recycling one of Michael

:34:12.:34:20.

Heseltine's old conference speeches. It did well for you over a long

:34:20.:34:23.

time! He used give the same speech every year as well. Are you asking

:34:23.:34:32.

him or me? I am speaking to you, Nick. The truth is, there is that

:34:32.:34:38.

sense of Back To The Future at this conference season. For a while, when

:34:38.:34:44.

parties were so converged in the centre ground, some of the public

:34:44.:34:48.

said, we can't distinguish them. It is striking to see how the Labour

:34:48.:34:53.

Party, desperate to get more definition for Ed Miliband,

:34:53.:34:57.

desperate to show that he is strong, ended up with a position in which,

:34:57.:35:01.

on the one hand, they work revealing popular policies to deal with the

:35:01.:35:04.

cost of living problem, but at the same time, allowed their enemies to

:35:04.:35:09.

portray them as opposed to business. The Tories see a huge

:35:09.:35:13.

opportunity in that. There is a sense of reassurance in the

:35:13.:35:16.

Conservative Party after a pretty uncomfortable year in which this

:35:16.:35:21.

party began to look at its leader and think, you are not really one of

:35:21.:35:25.

us, and Nigel Farage sounds like one of us. They are now beginning to

:35:25.:35:29.

find their Mojo a bit again, in part because they see Ed Miliband and

:35:29.:35:34.

say, that is the enemy. We understand him. When they arrived,

:35:34.:35:36.

say, that is the enemy. We there was a massive march here.

:35:36.:35:40.

About 50,000 people were protesting against cuts and reforms to the

:35:40.:35:45.

NHS. There was a sense almost among some Conservatives of, oh, yeah, we

:35:45.:35:50.

remember those days, when people shouted at us. We like that, it

:35:50.:35:54.

means we stand for something. And there were also memories of Margaret

:35:54.:35:58.

Thatcher, who died this year. So there is a sense in which his party

:35:58.:36:02.

was very edgy just a few months ago, and feels slightly better about

:36:02.:36:07.

itself than it did. There is a sense that he is being pulled in two

:36:07.:36:11.

different directions. If the Tories think Labour have moved to the left,

:36:11.:36:15.

his natural instinct would be to say, we will occupy the centre

:36:15.:36:19.

ground. On the other hand, people will say, we have got UKIP out there

:36:19.:36:23.

and we need some red meat for the right. You will see an attempt to

:36:23.:36:29.

give both. It is up to others to judge whether it is possible to do

:36:29.:36:35.

both. Unlike Michael has little time -- Michael Heseltine, who said to

:36:35.:36:38.

you that UKIP were pandering to racism, you have not seen that sort

:36:38.:36:43.

of attack from the Tory front bench. They rarely use the name UKIP. I am

:36:43.:36:48.

certain that David Cameron will not mention UKIP or Nigel Farage. He

:36:48.:36:52.

will not attack those tendencies within his party. Their conclusion

:36:52.:36:57.

in the Conservative Party has been that the only way to win back

:36:57.:37:00.

people, many of whom they regard as naturally their own, is with some

:37:00.:37:05.

blunt statements. You have seen the rather Orwellian slogans outside the

:37:05.:37:12.

conference. " Crime down, welfare cuts" . They have to say to these

:37:12.:37:17.

people, you might not like David Cameron. You might not like the

:37:17.:37:20.

trend Britain is going in, but there are things you say you care about,

:37:20.:37:26.

and they are being delivered. On the other hand, David Cameron tries to

:37:26.:37:30.

occupy the centre ground with the emphasis in his speech not on the

:37:30.:37:34.

economy bit, but also on welfare and education. He will make great play

:37:34.:37:38.

of the fact that Ed Miliband had remarkably little to say about

:37:38.:37:41.

education in his speech last week. On welfare, the Tory claim is that

:37:41.:37:46.

the main thing he has to say is that he would reverse cuts rather than

:37:46.:37:50.

tackle the problems of welfare dependency. Whether this attempt to

:37:50.:37:54.

straddle a move to the right and a move to the centre at the same time

:37:54.:37:58.

as possible, we will see. The telegraph's Ben Brogan, in his news

:37:59.:38:03.

letter this morning, he says this conference season has changed the

:38:03.:38:06.

terms of the political debate, largely thanks to Mr Miliband. It

:38:06.:38:11.

has ended the kind of new Labour, centrist Conservative, Lib Dem cosy

:38:11.:38:15.

consensus where the arguments were on the head of a pin. There is now

:38:15.:38:20.

clear water between the parties over what they are arguing about. It is

:38:20.:38:23.

almost back more to the discourse of the 60s and 70s. Is he right? Well,

:38:24.:38:32.

it suits both of the big two parties to argue that. It suits Labour to

:38:32.:38:39.

say they are proposing a very different economic settlement. It

:38:39.:38:42.

suits the Conservatives to say that, too. My note of caution is

:38:42.:38:45.

that when you get below the rhetoric, as I was trying to do in

:38:46.:38:49.

an interview with the prime minister yesterday, I said to him, do you

:38:49.:38:53.

attack Ed Miliband because he is interfering with the market when he

:38:53.:38:58.

says he would freeze elections depresses? No, says David Cameron.

:38:58.:39:02.

He says, we are interested in lower electricity prices. So the attack

:39:02.:39:07.

the Tories make is that it is just a practical thing. They say this is a

:39:07.:39:12.

short-term fix that will not work, rather than an ideological fix. If

:39:12.:39:16.

you look at Labour and what they are saying on the economy, for all the

:39:16.:39:21.

suggestions that can be summed up as left-wing, you still see a party

:39:21.:39:25.

saying that if it came to power in 2015, it would match the Tories'

:39:25.:39:29.

spending plan, at least for the first election year. It would not

:39:29.:39:33.

borrow to increase today spending. So rhetorically, yes, there is a big

:39:33.:39:38.

gap. But be wary of suggesting that there is a vast gulf in what these

:39:38.:39:46.

parties would do or talk about. Thanks. We will let you get into the

:39:46.:39:51.

hall for Mr Cameron's arrival in a minute or so. Mr Heseltine, the big

:39:51.:39:57.

conference speech, is it quite what it was? I remember in the Winter

:39:57.:40:03.

Gardens in Blackpool, an amazing, huge room for 5000 people, tiered so

:40:03.:40:10.

you get a great atmosphere, that was the place to give a conference

:40:10.:40:18.

speech. It was a privilege. That was where I did my 1981 speech about

:40:18.:40:26.

blacks in Britain. They were born here, they live here, they vote

:40:26.:40:33.

here. And the Tory party cheered it. Did you expect them to? No. I was

:40:33.:40:38.

apprehensive, but I knew it had to be said, and I have never been so

:40:38.:40:43.

proud of the Tory party. Let's now go through as the Tory faithful get

:40:43.:40:48.

to their feet as the prime minister arrives on the platform of this

:40:48.:40:55.

cover must Manchester -- Kavanagh 's Manchester conference centre.

:40:55.:41:00.

Samantha Cameron, a little in the shade their, applauding her

:41:00.:41:04.

husband. Let's now go to Manchester and listen to the Conservative

:41:04.:41:09.

leader addressed the Conservative Party conference. Thank you.

:41:09.:41:16.

This week in Manchester, we've shown this Party is on the side of

:41:16.:41:19.

hardworking people. Helping young people buy their own home. Getting

:41:19.:41:22.

the long-term unemployed back to work. Freezing fuel duty. Backing

:41:22.:41:26.

marriage. Cutting the deficit. Creating jobs. Creating wealth. Make

:41:26.:41:32.

no mistake: it is this Party with the verve, energy and ideas to take

:41:32.:41:34.

our country forward. And I want to the verve, energy and ideas to take

:41:34.:41:39.

thank everyone here for the great week we've had. When we came to

:41:39.:41:50.

office, we faced a clear and daunting task: to turn our country

:41:50.:41:59.

around. In May 2010, the needle on the gauge was at crisis point.

:41:59.:42:03.

People were talking about this country in a way they had not done

:42:03.:42:09.

for decades. But three and a half years later, we are beginning to

:42:09.:42:13.

turn the corner. The deficit is falling. Our economy is growing. The

:42:13.:42:18.

numbers of our fellow countrymen and women in work are rising. We are not

:42:18.:42:25.

there yet, not by a long way. But, my friends, we are on our way. I

:42:25.:42:31.

want to thank the people who have done the most to get us this far.

:42:31.:42:36.

You. The British people. Never giving up. Working those extra

:42:36.:42:39.

hours. Coping with those necessary cuts. You. British business. You

:42:40.:42:50.

kept people on in the hard times. You iInvested before you knew for

:42:50.:42:53.

certain that things were getting better. Together, we are clearing up

:42:53.:43:07.

the mess that Labour left. But I have a simple question, to the

:43:07.:43:11.

people in this hall and beyond it. Is that enough? Is it enough that we

:43:11.:43:15.

just clear up Labour's mess and think "job done"? Is it enough to

:43:15.:43:22.

just fix what went wrong? I say - no. Not for me. This isn't job done.

:43:22.:43:30.

It is job begun. I didn't come into politics just to fix what went

:43:30.:43:34.

wrong, but to build something right. We in this party: we don't dream of

:43:34.:43:38.

deficits and decimal points and dry fiscal plans. Our dreams are about

:43:38.:43:44.

helping people get on in life. Aspiration, opportunity. These are

:43:44.:43:51.

our words, our dreams. So today, I want to talk about our one, abiding

:43:51.:43:57.

mission. I believe it is the great Conservative mission that as our

:43:58.:44:01.

economy starts to recover, we build a land of opportunity in our country

:44:01.:44:20.

today. Now, I know it'll be tough. People were asked, have we got what

:44:20.:44:26.

it takes? If you saw the pictures of me on the beach in Cornwall, you

:44:26.:44:30.

will know one thing - I have got the stomach for the fight! In his speech

:44:30.:44:38.

last week, Ed Miliband promised that he would never be photographed with

:44:38.:44:44.

his shirt off in public. Ed, after hearing that speech, here is the

:44:44.:44:49.

deal. You keep your shirt on, I will keep the lights on. I know we've got

:44:49.:45:01.

what it takes in this Party. Some people say "can't be done".

:45:01.:45:04.

Conservatives say "what's to stop us?". They said we couldn't get

:45:04.:45:20.

terrorists out of our own country. Well, Theresa knew otherwise, and

:45:20.:45:23.

that's why Abu Qatada had his very own May Day this year, and didn't it

:45:23.:45:27.

feel good seeing him get on that plane? Some people said the NHS

:45:27.:45:30.

wasn't safe in our hands. We knew otherwise. Who protected spending on

:45:30.:45:37.

the NHS? Not Labour - us. Who started the Cancer Drugs Fund? Not

:45:37.:45:39.

Labour - us. And by the way - who started the Cancer Drugs Fund? Not

:45:39.:45:52.

presided over Mid Staffs, patients left for so long without water, they

:45:52.:45:57.

were drinking out of dirty vase? People's grandparents lying filthy

:45:57.:45:59.

and unwashed for days? Who allowed that to happen? Yes, it was Labour,

:45:59.:46:04.

and don't you dare lecture anyone on the NHS again.

:46:04.:46:18.

and of course, people say a lot of things about Europe. You will never

:46:18.:46:24.

be able to veto an EU treaty. You will never cut the EU budget. And if

:46:24.:46:28.

you did any of these things, you would have absolutely no allies in

:46:28.:46:32.

Europe. Well, we proved them wrong. I vetoed that treaty, I got Britain

:46:32.:46:37.

out of the EU bailout scheme, and yes, I cut that budget. In doing all

:46:37.:46:43.

of this, we have not lost respect, we have won allies to get powers

:46:43.:46:46.

back from Europe. And that is what we will do. And at the end of it,

:46:46.:46:51.

yes, we will give the British people their say in a referendum. That is

:46:51.:46:55.

our pledge - it will be your choice, in or out.

:46:55.:47:08.

And of course, we know what one person said about us recently. You

:47:08.:47:16.

just heard the Russian official, who said, Britain is just a small island

:47:16.:47:19.

that no one pays attention to. Really? Let me just get this off my

:47:19.:47:27.

chest one more time. When the world wanted rights, who wrote Magna

:47:27.:47:30.

Carta? When they wanted representation, who built the first

:47:30.:47:34.

Parliament? When they looked for compassion, who led the abolition of

:47:34.:47:38.

slavery? When they searched for equality, who gave when their

:47:38.:47:42.

freedom was in peril, who offered blood, toil, tears and sweat. Today,

:47:42.:47:49.

whose music do they dance to, whose universities do they go to, whose

:47:49.:47:54.

football do they watch? People of every religion, young and old,

:47:54.:47:58.

straight and gay, whose example do they aspire to? I have not even got

:47:58.:48:02.

onto the fact that this small island beat Russia in the Olympics last

:48:02.:48:14.

year, or, wait for it... Or of course, that the biggest selling

:48:14.:48:18.

vodka brand in the world is not Russian, it is British, Smirnoff,

:48:18.:48:30.

made in Fife. So, yes, we may be a small island, but I tell you what,

:48:30.:48:39.

we are a great country. Obviously, having said all that, do not expect

:48:39.:48:44.

me to go an rustling with Vladimir, next time I see him. But I do want

:48:44.:48:50.

to make this area 's point about our place in the world. Following that

:48:50.:48:54.

vote on Syria in the House of Commons, some people said it was

:48:54.:48:56.

vote on Syria in the House of time for Britain to rethink our

:48:56.:49:01.

role. I am sorry, but I know God -- I do not agree. If we shrunk from

:49:01.:49:07.

the world, we would be less safe and less prosperous here in the United

:49:07.:49:11.

Kingdom. The role we play, the organisations that we belong to, and

:49:11.:49:15.

yes, fact that our defence budget remains the fourth largest in the

:49:15.:49:19.

world, all of this, it is not about national vanity, it is about our

:49:19.:49:22.

national interest. When British citizens, our fathers, mothers,

:49:22.:49:26.

daughters, when they are in danger, whether it is in the deserts of

:49:26.:49:32.

Algeria or the city of Nairobi, then combating international terrorism,

:49:33.:49:38.

it matters to us here. When five of the world's fastest-growing

:49:38.:49:40.

economies are in Africa, then trading with Africa, helping Africa

:49:40.:49:45.

to develop, with aid, that matters to us, right here. At the heart of

:49:45.:49:50.

all of this work, the finest Foreign Secretary I could possibly have,

:49:50.:49:51.

William Hague. As you heard in that great speech

:49:51.:50:10.

just now, around the world, we really do matter, as a United

:50:10.:50:13.

Kingdom - England, Wales, Northern Ireland and Scotland. Now, the date

:50:13.:50:19.

for the referendum has been set, the decision is for Scotland to make.

:50:19.:50:23.

All the arguments, about the economy, about the currency, I

:50:23.:50:28.

believe they make an unanswerable case for the United Kingdom. But

:50:28.:50:32.

today, I want a more simple message to go out to the people of

:50:32.:50:37.

Scotland, from us here, in this hall, from this party, from this

:50:37.:50:43.

country, from England, and yes, from Wales and Northern Ireland as well,

:50:43.:50:47.

and it is this - we want you to stay. We want us to stick together.

:50:47.:50:52.

Think of all the things we have achieved together, all the things we

:50:52.:50:57.

could do together, the nations as one, our Kingdom united.

:50:57.:51:12.

For 12 years now, men and women from all parts of these islands have been

:51:12.:51:18.

serving their country in Afghanistan. Next year, the last of

:51:18.:51:22.

our combat troops will be coming home, having trained up the Afghans

:51:22.:51:26.

to look after their own country. More than a decade of war, a

:51:26.:51:33.

sacrifice beyond measure, from the finest and bravest Armed Forces in

:51:33.:51:36.

the world, and I want us today to stand, to raise the roof, right

:51:36.:51:42.

here, right now, to show just how proud of those men and women all of

:51:42.:51:43.

us are. So, we in this room, we are a team,

:51:43.:52:59.

and this year, we said goodbye to one of our team. Margaret Thatcher

:52:59.:53:03.

made our country stand tall again, at home and abroad, rescuing our

:53:03.:53:08.

economy, giving power to our people, spreading homeownership,

:53:08.:53:13.

creating work, saving the Falklands, winning the Cold War, an amazing

:53:13.:53:27.

record. I was sitting next to her at a dinner once, and as ever, she was

:53:27.:53:31.

totally charming, and she put me at ease. After awhile, I said to her,

:53:31.:53:35.

Margaret, if you had your time in government again, is there anything

:53:35.:53:39.

you would do differently? Quick as flash, she looked at me and said,

:53:39.:53:43.

you know what, I think I did pretty well the first time around. But I

:53:43.:53:51.

think we can all agree on that, and we can all agree on this - she was

:53:51.:53:55.

the greatest peacetime Prime Minister our country has ever had.

:53:55.:54:10.

Margaret Thatcher had an almighty mess to clear up when she came to

:54:10.:54:16.

office, and so did we. And we must never forget what we found - the

:54:16.:54:19.

biggest budget deficit in our peacetime history, the deepest

:54:19.:54:23.

recession since the Second World War, but it was not just the debt

:54:23.:54:26.

and the deficit that Labour left, it was who got hurt. Millions coming

:54:26.:54:32.

here from overseas, while millions of British people were left on

:54:32.:54:35.

welfare, the richest paying lower tax rates than their cleaners,

:54:35.:54:43.

unsustainable, debt fuelled banks booming, while manufacturing with

:54:43.:54:47.

underweight. The north falling further behind, towns where a

:54:47.:54:50.

quarter of people lived on benefits. Schools where eight out of ten

:54:50.:54:54.

children did not get five decent GCSEs. Yes, they were famously

:54:54.:54:58.

intensely relaxed about people getting filthy rich, but

:54:58.:55:00.

tragically, they were also intensely getting filthy rich, but

:55:00.:55:04.

relaxed about people saying stuck on welfare year after year, intensely

:55:04.:55:08.

relaxed about children leaving school without proper

:55:08.:55:10.

qualifications, so they could not get a job at the end of it. That was

:55:10.:55:15.

it, that was what they left, the casino economy meets the welfare

:55:15.:55:18.

Society meets the broken education system, a country for the few, built

:55:18.:55:24.

by the so-called party of the many. And Labour, we will never let you

:55:24.:55:25.

forget it. These past few years have been a

:55:26.:55:44.

real struggle, but what people want to know is this aspect was the

:55:44.:55:51.

struggle worth it? And here is the honest answer - the struggle will

:55:51.:55:56.

only be worth it if we as a country finish the job we have started. In

:55:56.:56:02.

finishing the job means understanding this - our economy may

:56:02.:56:05.

be turning the corner, and of course, that is great, and we still

:56:05.:56:08.

have not finished paying for Labour's debt crisis. If anyone

:56:08.:56:12.

thinks that is over, done and dealt with, they are living in a fantasy

:56:12.:56:19.

land. The country's debt crisis, created by Labour, is not over.

:56:19.:56:23.

After three years of cuts, we still have one of the biggest budget

:56:23.:56:28.

deficits anywhere in the world. We are still spending more than we

:56:28.:56:34.

earn. We still need to earn more, and yes, our government still needs

:56:34.:56:40.

to spend less. I see that Labour have stopped talking about the debt

:56:40.:56:44.

crisis, and now they talk about the cost of living crisis, as if one was

:56:44.:56:49.

not directly related to the other. And if you want to know what happens

:56:49.:56:53.

if you do not deal with the debt crisis, and how it affects the cost

:56:53.:56:56.

of living, just go and ask the Greeks. So, finishing the job means

:56:56.:57:02.

sticking to our course until we have paid off all of Labour's deficit,

:57:02.:57:07.

not just some of it. And yes, let us run a surplus, and this time, we fix

:57:07.:57:10.

the roof when the sun is shining, as run a surplus, and this time, we fix

:57:10.:57:13.

George said in that brilliant speech on Monday.

:57:14.:57:26.

To abandon deficit reduction now would throw away all the progress

:57:26.:57:30.

that we have made. It would put us back to square one. And

:57:30.:57:34.

unbelievably, that is what Labour now want to do. How did they get it

:57:34.:57:39.

into this mess? Too much spending, too much borrowing, too much debt.

:57:39.:57:42.

And what did they propose last week? More spending, more borrowing,

:57:42.:57:48.

more debt. They have learned nothing, literally nothing, from the

:57:48.:57:54.

crisis they created. But finishing the job is about more than clearing

:57:54.:57:57.

up the mess we were left. It means building something better in its

:57:57.:58:02.

place. In place of the casino economy, one where people who work

:58:02.:58:04.

hard can really get on, in place of economy, one where people who work

:58:04.:58:09.

the welfare Society, one where no individual is written off, and in

:58:09.:58:13.

place of the broken education system, one that gives every child

:58:13.:58:19.

the chance to rise up and succeed, our economy, our society, welfare,

:58:19.:58:24.

schools, all reformed, all rebuilt, with one aim, one mission in mind -

:58:24.:58:30.

to make this country, at long last and for the first time ever, a land

:58:30.:58:35.

of opportunity for all. For all. So, it makes no difference whether

:58:35.:58:39.

you live in the North for the South, whether you are black or white, a

:58:39.:58:42.

man or a woman, the school you went to, the background you have, who

:58:42.:58:46.

your parents were, what matters is the effort you put in. And if you

:58:46.:58:53.

put in the effort, you will have the chance to make it. That is what the

:58:53.:58:56.

land of opportunity means, that is what finishing the job means.

:58:57.:59:12.

Of course, I know that in politics, there are others talking about these

:59:12.:59:19.

things, but wishing for something, caring for something, that is not

:59:19.:59:23.

enough. You cannot conjure up a dynamic economy, a strong society or

:59:23.:59:27.

fantastic schools, with a stroke of the Minister's pen. It takes a

:59:27.:59:32.

mixture of hard work, common-sense, and above all, the right values.

:59:32.:59:37.

When the left say, you cannot expect too much from the poorest kids, do

:59:37.:59:41.

not ask too much from people on welfare, business is the problem,

:59:41.:59:45.

not the solution, here in this party, we must say, that is just

:59:45.:59:50.

plain wrong. If you expect nothing of people, that does nothing for

:59:50.:59:54.

them. Yes, you must help people, but you help people by putting up

:59:54.:59:57.

ladders that they can climb through their own efforts. You do not help

:59:57.:00:01.

children by dumbing down education, you help them by pushing them hard.

:00:01.:00:07.

Good education is not about equality of outcomes, but bringing out the

:00:07.:00:11.

best in every child. You do not help people by leaving them stuck on

:00:11.:00:14.

welfare, but by helping them stand on their own two feet just why?

:00:14.:00:19.

Because the best way out of poverty is work, and the dignity that

:00:19.:00:24.

brings. We know that profit, wealth creation, tax cuts, enterprise,

:00:24.:00:30.

these are not dirty, elitist words. They are not the problem. They are

:00:30.:00:34.

the solution, because it is not government that creates jobs, it is

:00:34.:00:38.

businesses. It is businesses which get wages in people's pockets, food

:00:38.:00:42.

on the tables, and yes, success for our country. There is no short cut.

:00:42.:00:55.

There is no short cut to a land of opportunity, no quick fix, no easy

:00:55.:01:02.

way to do it. You build it, business by business, school by school,

:01:02.:01:06.

person by person Tom patiently, practically, painstakingly, and

:01:06.:01:12.

underpinning it all is that deep, instinctive belief that if you trust

:01:12.:01:15.

people and give them the tools, they will succeed. This party at its

:01:15.:01:21.

heart is about big people, strong communities, responsible businesses,

:01:21.:01:24.

a bigger society, not a bigger state. It's how we've been clearing

:01:24.:01:28.

up the mess. And it's how we're going to build something better in

:01:28.:01:29.

its place. So let's stick with it going to build something better in

:01:29.:01:45.

and finish the job we've started. A land of opportunity starts in our

:01:45.:01:48.

economy. The chance to get a decent job. To start a business. To own a

:01:48.:01:55.

home. And at the end of it all - more money in your pocket. To get

:01:55.:01:59.

decent jobs for people, you've got to recognise some fundamental

:01:59.:02:01.

economic facts. We are in a global race today. No one owes us a living.

:02:01.:02:14.

Last week, our ambition to compete in the global race was airily

:02:14.:02:18.

dismissed as a race to the bottom - that it means competing with China

:02:18.:02:21.

on sweatshops and India on low wages. No - those countries are

:02:21.:02:29.

becoming our customers, and we've got to compete with California on

:02:29.:02:32.

innovation, Germany on high-end manufacturing, Asia on finance and

:02:32.:02:34.

technology. And here's something else you need to recognise about

:02:34.:02:38.

this race. The plain fact is this. All those global companies that

:02:38.:02:41.

employ lots of people - they can set up anywhere in the world. They could

:02:41.:02:45.

go to Silicon Valley. To Berlin. And yes, here in Manchester. And these

:02:45.:02:50.

companies base their decisions on some simple things: like the tax

:02:50.:02:55.

rates in each country. So if those taxes are higher here than

:02:55.:02:58.

elsewhere, they don't come here. And if they don't come here, we don't

:02:58.:03:03.

get those jobs. Do you get that, Labour? British people don't get

:03:03.:03:11.

those jobs. Last week, Labour proposed to put up corporation tax

:03:11.:03:14.

on our biggest and most successful employers. That is just about the

:03:14.:03:17.

most damaging, nonsensical, twisted economic policy you could possibly

:03:17.:03:24.

come up with. We will fight it every step of the way. I get to visit some

:03:24.:03:50.

amazing factories in my job. One of my favourites is Jaguar Land Rover,

:03:50.:03:53.

not just because they actually let me get in a car and drive it around

:03:53.:03:57.

on my own. Quite dangerously, actually. I drove a mini off the

:03:57.:03:59.

production line. It was a huge treat, but when I got to the end, I

:03:59.:04:03.

turned the wrong way, although you will be relieved to know on this

:04:03.:04:07.

occasion, I turned right, rather than left. But the reason I find

:04:07.:04:14.

these places so fulfilling its because I meet people who are so

:04:14.:04:19.

proud of their work and aircraft Manship, the fact that what they are

:04:19.:04:23.

making cells around the world, that it is the best of British design and

:04:23.:04:29.

engineering. So when Ed Miliband talks about the face of big

:04:29.:04:32.

business, I think about the faces of these hardworking people. Labour is

:04:33.:04:38.

saying to their employers: "We want to put up your taxes, don't come

:04:38.:04:42.

here - stick your jobs and take them elsewhere". I know that bashing

:04:42.:04:45.

business might play to a Labour audience. But it's crazy for our

:04:45.:04:59.

country. So if Labour's plan for jobs is to attack business, ours is

:04:59.:05:02.

to back business. Regulation - down. Taxes - cut for businesses large and

:05:02.:05:09.

small. A new industrial policy that looks to the future - green jobs,

:05:09.:05:12.

aerospace jobs, life science jobs. We've made a good start: 1.4 million

:05:13.:05:23.

new jobs created in our private sector since we came to office, and

:05:23.:05:26.

that is 1.4 million reasons to finish the job we've started. In a

:05:26.:05:31.

land of opportunity, it must be easier to start your own business.

:05:31.:05:35.

You heard from Jermaine, and incredibly inspiring story this

:05:35.:05:46.

morning. To all those people who strike out on their own, who sit

:05:46.:05:50.

there night after night, checking and double checking whether the

:05:50.:05:53.

numbers stack up, I say I have so much respect for you - you are

:05:53.:05:56.

national heroes. I'll never forget watching Samantha do just that -

:05:56.:05:59.

winning her first customer, sorting out the cash flow, that magic moment

:05:59.:06:03.

when she got her first business cards printed. I was incredibly

:06:03.:06:08.

proud of her then, and I am incredibly proud of you now. People

:06:08.:06:19.

setting up new businesses need finance. That's why we've brought in

:06:19.:06:23.

start-up loans. They need their taxes cut - and we're doing it - up

:06:23.:06:27.

to £2000 off your National Insurance bill for every small business. And

:06:27.:06:33.

it's working. Let me tell you how many businesses have started up in

:06:33.:06:36.

Britain since the election: over 300,000. That is 300,000 more

:06:36.:06:44.

reasons to finish the work we've started. In a land of opportunity,

:06:45.:06:52.

more people must be able to own a home of their own. You know that old

:06:52.:06:56.

saying, your home is your castle? Well, for most young people today,

:06:56.:07:02.

their home is their landlord's. Generation Y is starting to become

:07:03.:07:07.

Generation Why Do We Bother? Millions of them stuck renting when

:07:07.:07:11.

they're desperate to buy. I met a couple on Sunday - Emily and James.

:07:11.:07:17.

They both had decent jobs, but because they didn't have rich

:07:17.:07:20.

parents, they couldn't get a big enough deposit to buy a house. And

:07:20.:07:24.

let me tell you where I met them. In their new home, bought with our Help

:07:24.:07:29.

to Buy mortgage scheme. It was still half built, but they showed me where

:07:29.:07:36.

the kitchen would be. Outside, there was rubble all over the ground, but

:07:36.:07:40.

they'd already bought a lawn-mower. And they talked about how excited

:07:40.:07:43.

they were to be spending a first Christmas in a home of their own.

:07:43.:07:55.

That is what we're about, and this, the party of aspiration, is going to

:07:55.:07:59.

finish the job on home ownership that we've started. In a land of

:07:59.:08:11.

opportunity, there's another thing people need, the most important

:08:11.:08:14.

thing of all, more money in their pockets. These have been difficult

:08:14.:08:17.

years. People have found it hard to make ends meet. That's why we've

:08:17.:08:21.

frozen council tax, and why we are freezing fuel duty. But we need to

:08:21.:08:25.

do more. I know that. We've heard Labour's ideas to help with the cost

:08:25.:08:33.

of living. Taxes on banks they want to spend ten times over. Promising

:08:33.:08:38.

free childcare - then saying that actually, you've got to pay for it.

:08:38.:08:43.

And an energy promise they admitted 24 hours later they might not be

:08:43.:08:47.

able to keep. It's all sticking plasters and quick fixes, cobbled

:08:47.:08:50.

together for the TV cameras. Red Ed and his Blue Peter economy. Britain

:08:50.:09:10.

can do better than that lot. To raise living standards in the long

:09:10.:09:13.

term, you need to do some major things. You need to cut the deficit

:09:13.:09:23.

to keep mortgage rates low. You need to grow your economy, get people

:09:23.:09:29.

jobs, and yes - cut people's taxes. I want people to keep more of their

:09:29.:09:37.

money to spend as they choose. We've already cut the taxes of 25 million

:09:37.:09:41.

hardworking people, and yes - that is 25 million more reasons to finish

:09:41.:09:44.

the job we've started. And while we are on taxes, let me get one thing

:09:44.:09:47.

straight. I don't know whether you caught the Lib Dem conference a

:09:47.:09:53.

couple of weeks ago. No? I missed a bit, too. But they were tried to

:09:53.:09:57.

take all the credit for these tax cuts, as though they had been

:09:57.:10:00.

twisting our armed to do it. Well, memo to the Lib Dems. You lecturing

:10:00.:10:06.

us on low taxes is like us lecturing you on pointless constitutional

:10:06.:10:08.

tinkering. We're Tories. We believe in low taxes. And believe me - we

:10:09.:10:13.

will keep on cutting the taxes of hardworking people. And here in

:10:13.:10:37.

Manchester, let me say this. When I say a land of opportunity for all, I

:10:37.:10:41.

mean everyone, north and south. This country has been too London-centric

:10:41.:10:45.

for far too long. That's why we need a new North-South railway line. The

:10:45.:10:48.

fact is this. The West Coast mainline is almost full. We have to

:10:48.:10:57.

build a new railway, and the choice is between another old-style,

:10:57.:11:00.

Victorian one or a high speed one. Just imagine if someone had said,

:11:00.:11:04.

no, we can't build the M1, or the Severn Bridge, imagine how that

:11:04.:11:07.

would be hobbling our economy today. HS2 is about bringing North and

:11:07.:11:10.

South together in our national endeavour. Because think of what

:11:10.:11:13.

more we could do with the pistons firing in all parts of our country.

:11:13.:11:17.

With its wind and wave power, let's make the Humber the centre of clean

:11:17.:11:21.

energy. With its resources under the ground, let's make Blackpool the

:11:21.:11:24.

centre of Europe for the shale gas industry. With its brains and

:11:24.:11:30.

research centres, let's make here in Manchester the world leader in

:11:30.:11:33.

advanced materials. We're building an economy for the North and South,

:11:33.:11:35.

embracing new technologies, producing things and selling them to

:11:36.:11:39.

the world. So make no mistake who's looking forward in British politics.

:11:39.:11:45.

We'll leave the 1970s-style socialism to others. We are the

:11:45.:12:00.

party of the future. We're making progress. You know how I know that?

:12:00.:12:05.

It's every week, at Prime Minister's Questions. There was a time when I'd

:12:05.:12:25.

look across to Ed Balls, and there he was, shouting his head off, doing

:12:25.:12:29.

this with his hands, screaming that the economy was flat-lining, ,and

:12:29.:12:32.

all with such glee. But recently, it's gone a bit quiet. Could it be

:12:32.:12:36.

because there was no double dip and the economy's now growing? Well,

:12:36.:12:39.

I've got a gesture of my own for Ed Balls. And don't worry - it's not a

:12:39.:13:00.

rude one. Jobs are up, construction is up, manufacturing is up, inward

:13:00.:13:03.

investment, retail sales, home-building, business confidence,

:13:03.:13:05.

consumer confidence - all these things are up. And to anyone who

:13:05.:13:08.

wants to talk our economy down, let me tell you this. Since this

:13:09.:13:11.

conference began, over 100,000 jet planes have soared into the sky on

:13:11.:13:15.

wings made in Britain. Every single day in this country, over 4,000 cars

:13:15.:13:19.

are coming off the production line - ready to be exported around the

:13:19.:13:22.

globe. Last year, Britain overtook France as Germany's top trading

:13:22.:13:25.

partner, not bad for a nation of shop-keepers. And that's the point.

:13:25.:13:28.

Exports to China are up, eExports to Brazil are up, exports to India,

:13:28.:13:31.

Russia, Thailand, South Korea, Australia - all up. So let us never

:13:31.:13:35.

forget the cast-iron law of British politics. Yes - the oceans can rise,

:13:35.:13:42.

and empires can fall, but one thing will never, ever change. It's Labour

:13:42.:13:45.

who wreck our economy and it's we Conservatives who clear it up.

:13:46.:13:59.

A land of opportunity means educating our children, and I mean

:13:59.:14:08.

all our children. It's OK for the children who have parents reading

:14:08.:14:13.

them stories every night. And that's great, but what about the ones at

:14:13.:14:17.

the back of the class, in the chaotic home, in the home of the

:14:17.:14:21.

drug addict or alcoholic? We need these children - and frankly, they

:14:21.:14:25.

need us. That's why three and a half years ago, one man came into the

:14:25.:14:28.

Department of Education, ,Michael Gove. There he is. He has this huge

:14:28.:14:45.

belief in excellence and massive energy, like a cross between Mr

:14:45.:14:48.

Chips and the Duracell bunny. Let's look at the results. Let's see what

:14:48.:14:52.

Chips and the Duracell bunny. Let's the bunnies achieved. More students

:14:52.:14:56.

studying proper science. More children learning a foreign

:14:56.:15:00.

language. He's ended the dumbing down in exams. For the first time,

:15:00.:15:07.

children in our schools will learn the new language of computer coding.

:15:07.:15:11.

And we're sending a clear message to children: if you fail English and

:15:11.:15:14.

maths GCSE, you're going to have to take and retake them again until you

:15:14.:15:18.

pass. Because as I tell my own children, there's not a job in the

:15:18.:15:22.

world where you don't need to spell and add up properly. Unless you want

:15:22.:15:27.

to join Labour's front bench economic team, of course. And It is

:15:27.:15:40.

not a career I would recommend. Ultimately, and Michael understands

:15:40.:15:48.

this, really raising standards means innovation, it means choice, it

:15:48.:15:52.

means giving passionate people the freedom to run our schools. Heard

:15:52.:15:58.

about it this morning. And that is what free schools are all about. I

:15:58.:16:06.

will never forget sitting in the classroom, the next school that this

:16:06.:16:11.

brilliant chain has set up, and I met a mother there who said to me,

:16:11.:16:15.

this is what I have dreamt of for my child's - proper uniforms, high

:16:15.:16:19.

standards, really high expectations. This is going to give my child a

:16:19.:16:23.

great start in life. When Michael Howard asked me what job I would

:16:23.:16:26.

like in the shadow cabinet, I said education, because what Michael is

:16:26.:16:34.

doing now, these are the kinds of things I came into politics to bring

:16:34.:16:38.

about. They are magnificent, these schools, it is great what we are

:16:38.:16:42.

doing, we must keep it up. And do you know what is extraordinary about

:16:42.:16:46.

these free schools? Label's official policy is to be against them. But

:16:46.:16:52.

get this, there are Labour MPs who are backing them in their own local

:16:52.:16:56.

areas. And not just any Labour MPs. I promise I am not making this up -

:16:56.:17:02.

the shadow Education Secretary, Stephen Twigg, has backed a free

:17:02.:17:07.

school in his own city. But me give you a day in the life of Stephen

:17:07.:17:12.

Twigg. At 8am, I am on national radio, saying, free schools are

:17:12.:17:15.

terrible. But come the afternoon, I am back home with my placard,

:17:15.:17:21.

shouting, what do we want? A free school. When do we wanted? Now.

:17:21.:17:26.

Isn't it unbelievable? But isn't it always the way with the left, they

:17:26.:17:29.

do not like privilege, unless of course it is for their own children.

:17:29.:17:39.

Well, we in this party must be ambitious for all our children, and

:17:39.:17:45.

we must finish job we started. We have now got technical colleges run

:17:45.:17:51.

by great companies like JCB. I say, let's have one of those colleges in

:17:51.:17:54.

every single major town in our country. We have had 1 million

:17:54.:18:03.

apprenticeships start under this government, and you heard this

:18:03.:18:08.

morning from Samantha. I say, let's set a new expectation, as you leave

:18:08.:18:14.

school, you have a choice - go to university or do an apprenticeship.

:18:14.:18:18.

And while we have got children leaving school not able to read,

:18:18.:18:22.

write or add up properly at the end of primary school, let us set this

:18:22.:18:27.

ambition for our country, let us eliminate illiteracy and give

:18:27.:18:28.

everyone of those children a chance. And my friends, as we do all this,

:18:28.:18:45.

we must remember, the most vulnerable children of all. There

:18:45.:18:49.

are thousands of children every year who broke up in homes where nappies

:18:49.:18:55.

and bedclothes go unchanged, and where there cries of pain go

:18:56.:19:02.

unheard. These children just need the most basic opportunity of all, a

:19:02.:19:06.

loving family. Two years ago, at our conference, I told you about our

:19:06.:19:12.

determination to speed up adoption. This past year, we saw record

:19:13.:19:17.

numbers finding permanent, loving homes. 4000 children adopted. And

:19:17.:19:24.

that is 4000 more reasons to finish the job that we have started. And as

:19:24.:19:37.

we keep on with this, we should remember who is on the front line. I

:19:38.:19:43.

have to take some tough decisions in my job, but none are as tough as

:19:43.:19:46.

whether to break up a family and rescue a child, or try and stitch

:19:46.:19:53.

that family back together. Social work is a noble and vital calling. I

:19:53.:19:55.

that family back together. Social will never forget, after our son

:19:55.:20:01.

Ivan was warned, social worker, sitting patiently in our kitchen,

:20:01.:20:05.

and telling us the sort of help that we might need. This government has

:20:05.:20:09.

helped to get some of the brightest graduates into treating, we have now

:20:09.:20:13.

pledged to do the same for social work. So let us now in this hall

:20:13.:20:18.

here it for Britain's social workers, who do such a vital job in

:20:18.:20:19.

our country today. The land of opportunity needs one

:20:19.:20:44.

final thing - welfare that really works. We know how badly things went

:20:44.:20:50.

wrong. Our fellow citizens working every hour of everyday to put food

:20:50.:20:55.

on the table, asking this - why should my taxes go to people who

:20:55.:20:59.

could work, but don't, or to those who live in homes that hard-working

:20:59.:21:03.

people could never afford? Or two people who have no right to be here

:21:03.:21:08.

in the first place? And I say this to the British people - you have

:21:08.:21:13.

every right to be angry about a system which is unfair and unjust,

:21:13.:21:17.

and that is why we are sorting it out. We have welfare, capped housing

:21:17.:21:22.

benefit. We insisted on new rules so that if you reject works, you lose

:21:22.:21:30.

benefits. Let us be absolutely clear - as Boris said in that great speech

:21:30.:21:34.

yesterday, the problems in our welfare system and immigration

:21:34.:21:38.

system, they are inextricably linked. If we do not get our people

:21:38.:21:42.

back to work, we should not be surprised if millions wants to come

:21:42.:21:46.

here to work. But we must act on immigration directly as well, and we

:21:46.:21:51.

are. Capping migration, clamping down on the bogus colleges, and when

:21:51.:21:57.

the immigration bill comes before Parliament, we will make sure that

:21:57.:22:02.

some simple and fair things which should always have been the case

:22:02.:22:06.

will be set in stone. If you are not entitled to our free National Health

:22:06.:22:20.

Service, you should pay for it. If you have no right to be here, you

:22:20.:22:24.

cannot rent a flat or a house, not of the council, not off anyone else.

:22:24.:22:30.

When you are a foreign prisoner, you should pay your own legal bills. And

:22:30.:22:34.

if you appeal, you must do it from your own country, after you have

:22:34.:22:36.

been deported, not from here. And on these huge national problems,

:22:36.:22:54.

we are making progress. Immigration has come down. On welfare, not only

:22:54.:22:58.

are there more people in work than ever before, but the number of

:22:58.:23:01.

households where no one works is at its lowest rate since records began.

:23:01.:23:05.

households where no one works is at And I want to thank the most

:23:05.:23:09.

determined champion of social justice that this country has, Iain

:23:09.:23:10.

Duncan Smith. Iain Duncan Smith understands that

:23:10.:23:30.

this is not about fixing systems, it is about saving lives, and that is

:23:30.:23:33.

why we have got to finish the job we have started. There are still over 1

:23:33.:23:38.

million young people not in education, employment or training.

:23:38.:23:42.

And today, it is still possible to leave school, to sign on, find a

:23:42.:23:48.

flat, start claiming housing benefit and opt for a life on benefits.

:23:48.:23:54.

Isn't it time for bold action here? We should ask, as we write our next

:23:54.:23:58.

manifesto, if that option should really exist at all. Instead, we

:23:58.:24:03.

should give young people a clear and positive choice - go to school, go

:24:03.:24:06.

to college, do an apprenticeship, get a job, but we have not to offer

:24:06.:24:11.

to college, do an apprenticeship, them something better than just

:24:11.:24:23.

choosing the dole. And let know one paint ideas like this as callous.

:24:23.:24:28.

Think about it. With your own children, would you dream of just

:24:28.:24:31.

leaving them to their own devices, not getting a job, not training,

:24:31.:24:38.

nothing? No, you would do anything to get them on their way, and so

:24:38.:24:43.

must we. So, this is what we want to see - everyone under 25 earning or

:24:43.:24:57.

learning. And we know, we know that on this, as on everything else,

:24:57.:25:02.

Labour will fight us. But we must remember, we are giving people real

:25:02.:25:05.

opportunities. I have had people say to me, I am back on my feet, I feel

:25:06.:25:12.

worthwhile. One wrote to me, saying, now I can tell my some that his dad

:25:12.:25:17.

really does something. This is what our party is about. We do not

:25:17.:25:22.

patronise people, but a benefit cheque in their hand and pat them on

:25:22.:25:25.

the head, we look people in the eye as equals, and say, yes, you have

:25:26.:25:30.

been down but you are not out, you can do it, we will give you that

:25:30.:25:34.

chance. That is why we will say today that it is this party which is

:25:34.:25:37.

fighting for all of those who are bitten off by Labour. It is this

:25:37.:25:41.

party which is for the many, not the few. Yes, the land of despair was

:25:41.:25:45.

Labour, but the land of hope is Tory.

:25:45.:26:01.

So, we have done some big things to transform our country, but we need

:26:01.:26:09.

to finish the job we have started. We need to go further, to do more

:26:09.:26:12.

for hard-working people, to give more children a chance, back more

:26:12.:26:17.

businesses, help create more jobs. I am clear about how that job will

:26:17.:26:23.

best gets done. It requires a strong government, with a clear mandate,

:26:23.:26:29.

which is accountable for what it promises and yes, what it delivers.

:26:29.:26:32.

And I want to tell everyone here what that means. When that election

:26:33.:26:37.

comes, we will not be campaigning for a coalition, we will be fighting

:26:37.:26:44.

head, heart and soul for a majority Conservative government, because

:26:44.:26:45.

that is what our country needs! You know there are some strange

:26:45.:27:04.

moments in this job. When I was just a few months in, a member of my

:27:04.:27:07.

staff rushed into the office and said, Prime Minister, you have

:27:07.:27:11.

really made it, they are burning an effigy of you on television.

:27:11.:27:15.

Actually, the first time it happened, they did not spell my name

:27:15.:27:19.

right. They do not make that mistake any more. But you do not do this to

:27:19.:27:23.

be popular. You do it cause you love your country. I do the best I can,

:27:23.:27:30.

and for me, it comes back to some simple things - country first, do

:27:30.:27:36.

what is decent, think long-term. There is an old story which is told

:27:36.:27:41.

about a great Hall in Oxford, near my constituency. For hundreds of

:27:41.:27:46.

years, it stood there, held up with vast oak beams, and in the 19th

:27:46.:27:49.

century, those beans needed replacing. And do you know what they

:27:49.:27:54.

found? 500 years before, someone had thought, those beans, they will need

:27:54.:27:59.

replacing one day, and so they had planted some oak trees. Just think

:27:59.:28:05.

about that. Centuries have passed, Columbus had reached America,

:28:05.:28:08.

gravity had been discovered, and when those oak trees were needed,

:28:08.:28:14.

they were ready. Margaret Thatcher once said, we are in the business of

:28:14.:28:18.

planting trees for our children and grandchildren, all we have no

:28:18.:28:22.

business being in politics at all. That is what we are doing today, not

:28:22.:28:26.

just making do and mending, but making something better. Since I got

:28:26.:28:32.

to my feet, almost 100 children have been born across our country,

:28:32.:28:33.

to my feet, almost 100 children have children of wealth and children of

:28:33.:28:39.

none, children of parents in work, and children of parents out of

:28:39.:28:42.

work. For every single one of those newborn babies, that is pledged

:28:42.:28:46.

today that we will build something better, a land of opportunity, a

:28:46.:28:52.

country built on that end during principal that if you work hard,

:28:52.:28:56.

save, played by the rules and do your fair share, then nothing should

:28:56.:29:04.

stand in your way. A new economy, a new welfare system, a new set of

:29:04.:29:07.

values in our schools, not just fixing the mess we inherited, but

:29:07.:29:10.

building something better. We have got a year and a half until that

:29:10.:29:17.

election, until Britain makes a choice, move forward to something

:29:17.:29:20.

better go back to something worse. But I believe that if this party

:29:20.:29:24.

with all we have, then this country will make the right choice. Because

:29:24.:29:28.

we always have before. Whenever we have had the choice of giving in to

:29:29.:29:32.

some shabby, from eyes or pushing forward to something better, we have

:29:32.:29:36.

said, this is Great Britain, the improbable hero of history, the

:29:36.:29:40.

country that does not give in, that knows there is no such thing as

:29:40.:29:45.

destiny, only our determination to succeed. So, I look forward to our

:29:45.:29:51.

future, and I am confident. Beyond this all, there are millions of

:29:51.:29:56.

hard-working people who renew the great in Great Britain every day, in

:29:56.:29:59.

the way they work, the way they give, the way they raise their

:29:59.:30:03.

families. These are the people we have alongside us. Together we have

:30:03.:30:08.

made it this far. Together, we will finish the job we have started. And

:30:08.:30:12.

together, we will build that land of opportunity.

:30:12.:30:19.

STUDIO: and the faithful get to their feet. The prime minister spoke

:30:19.:30:28.

for just under an hour. No new policy announcements. A reiteration

:30:28.:30:34.

of themes we had been told in advance, well worn Conservative

:30:34.:30:36.

themes. We got all the phrases that were leaked to the media last night.

:30:36.:30:41.

Land of opportunity, profit not a word. The prime minister bringing

:30:41.:30:46.

his wife onto the stage now to take the applause of the conference.

:30:46.:30:49.

Quite a lot of Labour and Miliband bashing going on. The Labour

:30:49.:30:55.

government of years gone by, he attacked for a casino economy and

:30:55.:30:58.

welfare Society and broken education system. Then he bashed the current

:30:58.:31:02.

Labour leadership for bashing business. His constant plea was to

:31:02.:31:08.

be allowed to finish the job. He gave strong support for the

:31:08.:31:16.

high-speed train project, and he revealed the staggering revelation

:31:16.:31:21.

that he wants an overall majority. Quite unusual for a party leader, I

:31:21.:31:26.

suppose. I think he just wanted to reassure the Conservative Party

:31:26.:31:34.

faithful that while they suspect he likes coalition, he said no, I want

:31:34.:31:38.

an overall majority at the next election. So, we did not really

:31:38.:31:43.

learn anything new, but we learnt the general pitch of the

:31:43.:31:49.

Conservatives as they had up to the 2015 election, which is, we are on

:31:49.:31:55.

the way, the recovery is here, don't hand the keys back to Labour, let

:31:55.:31:58.

the Conservatives finished the job with an overall majority. So, they

:31:58.:32:04.

used to give very long standing ovations, but not any more. Even at

:32:04.:32:09.

Conservative conferences, they have sat down and the speech is over. Our

:32:09.:32:13.

man who was listening to it all, let's go to him. What did you make

:32:13.:32:21.

of it? I will say this quickly before I am surrounded by delegates,

:32:21.:32:27.

but I don't think this was one of Mr Cameron's more memorable speeches,

:32:27.:32:32.

and almost deliberately so. It was a sort of holding pattern speech where

:32:32.:32:35.

the core message seemed to be come hang on in there, we can get through

:32:35.:32:39.

this, but there is quite a way to go. I was struck by this,

:32:40.:32:46.

pre-briefing. We were told that it would strike on to mystic note, a

:32:47.:32:51.

sense of a dawn beginning to break over the arid plains of austerity.

:32:51.:32:55.

It was a sober speech in many ways, Mr Cameron saying, we are not

:32:55.:33:08.

thereby a long way. If we deviate off the course, look at what

:33:08.:33:10.

happened to our Greek friends. In that sense, the message was, we will

:33:10.:33:12.

happened to our Greek friends. In have two keep making difficult

:33:12.:33:14.

economic decisions, and there is a long haul to go. There were the

:33:14.:33:17.

obvious crowd-pleasing moments, attacks on Labour, Red Ed and Blue

:33:17.:33:22.

Peter economics. There was that riposte to President Putin's jibe,

:33:22.:33:32.

saying, we beat you in the Olympics, and where is the bestselling vodka

:33:32.:33:37.

made? In Fife. There were good pieces to it, but quite a tough sell

:33:37.:33:44.

for a Tory party activist, which is, we will have to keep doing this. It

:33:44.:33:49.

is going to be difficult, hang on in there. Do we have a clear idea, as

:33:49.:33:55.

the English conference season comes to an end, of the dividing lines

:33:55.:34:04.

between the parties as we head into what will probably be the longest

:34:04.:34:09.

election campaign in British history? We have a clear sense from

:34:09.:34:15.

here of what the Tory pitch will be, which will basically be, it's the

:34:15.:34:19.

economy, stupid, and we are the ones who know how to run the economy.

:34:19.:34:25.

Their argument about the cost of living is that the only way to deal

:34:25.:34:29.

with the crisis is not quick fixes with freezing gas prices or doing

:34:29.:34:35.

more on childcare. The only way to solve the cost of living crisis is

:34:35.:34:39.

to sort out the economy, because that is the only way people will

:34:39.:34:44.

stay in jobs and get paid and mortgages will stay low and

:34:44.:34:49.

businesses will grow and so on. In other words, their argument is,

:34:49.:34:57.

trust us with the economy. That is a difficult argument when living

:34:57.:35:02.

standards are still being squeezed, which is why I think this speech was

:35:02.:35:08.

largely a holding speech. It was not the big oratorical flourish before

:35:08.:35:12.

the next election. It was pretty much, we are moving in the right

:35:12.:35:15.

direction. The economy is slowly turning, but we are nowhere near

:35:15.:35:18.

there yet. It was an appeal for turning, but we are nowhere near

:35:18.:35:24.

patients in many ways, which is always a difficult sell. People want

:35:24.:35:28.

things now, they want a good times. Mr Cameron can't offer that.

:35:28.:35:33.

Instead, he has this offer that he is leading us to this land of

:35:33.:35:36.

opportunity, a sort of biblical allusion to the commerce land. But

:35:36.:35:41.

it is still a way away, and he pretty much told people it was.

:35:41.:35:56.

Michael Heseltine, I have had politicians on the left and right

:35:56.:35:59.

promise me the land of opportunity since I was in short trousers. When

:35:59.:36:06.

am I going to get there? Well, by any standards, if you look back over

:36:06.:36:11.

decade after decade, standards rise. But the important part of that

:36:11.:36:15.

speech to me was that no one can now say we don't know what David Cameron

:36:15.:36:21.

believes in. He has spelt out in the clearest, most articular language is

:36:21.:36:26.

passionate concern for the whole spectrum of society. There were

:36:26.:36:33.

interesting sections about social workers, about the need to provide a

:36:33.:36:40.

dramatic improvement in the low levels of education in the West

:36:40.:36:46.

schools, a salute to the military. And to social workers. I mentioned

:36:46.:36:51.

that. He believes in it passionately. This was a one nation

:36:51.:36:55.

speech, in my view a very thorough and honest beach. -- speech. He did

:36:55.:37:04.

not say it is all fine. He said, it is a hell of a past, and I am not

:37:04.:37:09.

going to kid you into thinking we have achieved everything. What he

:37:09.:37:13.

said was realistic and passionate, and it was across-the-board and

:37:13.:37:16.

appealed to the middle ground, exactly what he should do. So you

:37:16.:37:23.

are no doubt that David Cameron is foursquare in your tradition of the

:37:23.:37:29.

Conservative Party? He is a one nation Conservative. That is why the

:37:29.:37:31.

Conservatives have done so much better since he became leader. Of

:37:31.:37:36.

course, he has not finished the job, but my view is that that is the

:37:36.:37:42.

right appeal, clearly and soberly presented, and I was impressed with

:37:42.:37:52.

the comprehensive nature of his speech will stop but he is a one

:37:52.:38:00.

nation Conservative with one seat in Scotland and no seats in any major

:38:00.:38:05.

city in the north. You have few seats in Wales. You are essentially

:38:05.:38:09.

a party of the South and the Southeast. That is the party David

:38:09.:38:15.

Cameron inherited. My own view is that that is the speech that could

:38:15.:38:21.

turn the corner. It is a huge task, but in my view, he charted the

:38:21.:38:27.

course. But he has this difficult balancing act. I was speaking

:38:27.:38:31.

earlier to Nick Robinson, that on the one hand it is perceived,

:38:31.:38:35.

rightly or wrongly, that Labour has moved to the left on the Mr

:38:35.:38:41.

Miliband, so Mr Cameron, being a natural centrist, will want to

:38:41.:38:45.

occupy that ground. That was partly what he was trying to do today. On

:38:45.:38:49.

the other hand, the real threat to him comes from his right flank. How

:38:49.:38:52.

do you occupy the centre ground and sea off the threat of UKIP in the

:38:52.:38:59.

marginal seats? Face them down. If they want Miliband, they have just

:38:59.:39:03.

got to vote UKIP. It is a simple equation. My own view is that faced

:39:03.:39:14.

with that stark decision which will become apparent by polling day, most

:39:14.:39:22.

Conservatives will come back because they can't stomach that process. It

:39:22.:39:28.

is a tough call for the prime minister, though, to say we are the

:39:28.:39:37.

aspiration party, when the social base from which the Conservative

:39:37.:39:40.

Party draws its people gets narrower and narrower, the appeal of the

:39:40.:39:45.

party regionally gets more and more narrow. It is going in the opposite

:39:45.:39:53.

party regionally gets more and more direction from the rhetoric. But you

:39:53.:39:58.

should salute that, because that is a leader, that is integrity, that is

:39:58.:40:01.

analysing the problem and addressing the real problem which you have

:40:01.:40:05.

described, the lack of northern representation. But is Mr Cameron's

:40:05.:40:13.

challenge. Did he run from it? No. Did he pander to the extreme right?

:40:13.:40:16.

No. It was an impressive speech. Did he pander to the extreme right?

:40:16.:40:21.

Let's go to Education Secretary Michael Gove. He was described as a

:40:21.:40:26.

combination of Mr chips and the juror sell Bunny -- your cell

:40:26.:40:36.

Bunny. Michael Gove, welcome to the Daily Politics. What did Mr Cameron

:40:36.:40:41.

tell us that we did not know already? He told us that there is a

:40:41.:40:45.

straightforward choice at the next election between going backwards to

:40:45.:40:49.

the 1970s or embracing the future. The most of us, that was clear

:40:49.:40:54.

beforehand, but we saw an articulation of what image are to

:40:54.:41:00.

Conservative government can achieve -- a majority Conservative

:41:00.:41:05.

government can achieve. That made me embrace a renewed relish for the

:41:05.:41:09.

fight. David Cameron laid out a programme to make us a land of

:41:09.:41:13.

opportunity, a country which can have the world's best education

:41:13.:41:17.

system and the world's most innovative economy. We knew that was

:41:17.:41:22.

what he wanted already. I am not sure that told us anything new. It

:41:22.:41:26.

was a policy free conference speech should. Do you think these sorts of

:41:26.:41:34.

things will catch on? The whole point about conference speeches is

:41:35.:41:37.

things will catch on? The whole that they are not there to please

:41:37.:41:39.

journalists, they are there to make an argument. The argument the prime

:41:39.:41:43.

minister made is the argument the country will have to wrestle with

:41:43.:41:47.

over the next 18 months. Forward or back. For a lot of people who had

:41:47.:41:51.

the chance to hear the prime minister, they will not be checking

:41:51.:41:55.

off on a list every new policy, like the journalists. People will be

:41:55.:42:02.

listening to a prime minister articulating with clarity, force,

:42:02.:42:07.

authority and passion, a course this country needs to take in the future.

:42:07.:42:10.

There were elements of the speech which people may not have

:42:10.:42:14.

appreciated. We are changing the curriculum in our schools to make

:42:14.:42:17.

sure every child can learn to code. I am sure people do not appreciate

:42:18.:42:21.

the extent to which there is a manufacturing revival going on in

:42:21.:42:25.

this country, and I am sure people also don't appreciate how much this

:42:25.:42:32.

government is doing to help those at the front line of public services,

:42:32.:42:36.

social workers. I suspect you did not know that this government is

:42:36.:42:39.

investing in attracting the very best into social worker in an

:42:39.:42:45.

innovative scheme which deserves the support of all of us. If you had had

:42:45.:42:50.

a pound for every time you heard party leaders talk about the land of

:42:50.:42:54.

opportunity and profits not being a dirty word, you would be a rich man

:42:54.:42:58.

and you can retire, couldn't you? Mrs Thatcher said the facts of life

:42:58.:43:03.

are Conservative, and sometimes it is important for leaders to remind

:43:03.:43:12.

us of some of those principles. Among some, there can sometimes be a

:43:12.:43:17.

certain cynicism about politics, a belief that they are all the same.

:43:17.:43:21.

Act Chile, over the last fortnight, we have seen a cage was between one

:43:21.:43:27.

party leader, Ed Miliband, who is looking back nostalgically to the

:43:27.:43:30.

1970s and state control, price control, wage control, and another

:43:30.:43:37.

prime minister who is embracing the future, who is part of a broad

:43:37.:43:42.

consensus now among world leaders that in order to ensure that our

:43:42.:43:45.

people have the best opportunities in the future, we need to improve

:43:45.:43:50.

our education so that every child has access to a high quality

:43:50.:43:55.

academic education, and we also need to grow our economy to take

:43:55.:44:02.

advantage of the opportunities of globalisation. Energy prices are

:44:02.:44:07.

crippling families on average and below family incomes. If I ask Mr

:44:07.:44:10.

Miliband what he will do about it, he says he will freeze energy prices

:44:10.:44:14.

until he sorts out the market. How many paragraphs will you need to

:44:14.:44:18.

explain what you are going to do about it? We are going to sort out

:44:18.:44:28.

the market. How? As you are aware, energy is a complex and highly

:44:28.:44:35.

regulated area of the economy. You are making this up as you go along.

:44:35.:44:39.

You don't know how you will sort out the market, do you? Well, I am not

:44:39.:44:46.

the Energy Secretary. But I do know that we used to have a significantly

:44:46.:44:51.

larger number of energy companies under the last Conservative

:44:51.:44:54.

government. It was produced to six under Labour. I know the market

:44:54.:44:58.

needs to be changed to ensure that we have greater competition. I know

:44:58.:45:03.

we need to liberate industry to take advantage of the shale gas

:45:03.:45:08.

revolution on our doorsteps. I know we need to make sure that

:45:08.:45:11.

microgeneration works, which means making sure tariffs are right. A lot

:45:11.:45:19.

of paragraphs. Of course, Andrew, but you can't have it both ways. You

:45:20.:45:25.

ask me to talk about policy briefly. You can't. You ask me to sum up the

:45:25.:45:30.

policy, I did. You said I don't know what I am talking about, and I

:45:30.:45:37.

explain it in detail, and now you say it is too much. Andrew, I do

:45:37.:45:41.

everything I can to satisfy you. Some folk just will not take yes for

:45:41.:45:53.

an answer. it is reported that you are tended in Austria, and you had

:45:53.:45:59.

your mobile phone is taken away, and you came back with a pair of

:45:59.:46:02.

lederhosen style swimming trunks - say it is not true. Not all of it is

:46:03.:46:13.

true. Well, that is what your no, she did not report that. The papers

:46:13.:46:17.

reported I had lost two stone, I am afraid, I only lost one. As the

:46:17.:46:21.

Prime Minister said in his speech, we have got to finish the job.

:46:21.:46:26.

Should the Daily Mail apologise for Ed Miliband for what he said about

:46:26.:46:32.

his father? No, newspapers should not apologise to politicians for

:46:32.:46:37.

being robust. We need a free press, a press which is robust and

:46:37.:46:40.

sometimes raucous, and which by definition will sometimes offend.

:46:40.:46:44.

Unless you have a free press, you do not have an effective check on the

:46:44.:46:51.

arrogance of politicians, so, I do not think politicians should tell

:46:51.:46:53.

newspaper editors how to do their job. I think newspaper editors are

:46:54.:47:01.

effectively doing their job when they upset us. And you are not

:47:01.:47:05.

influenced in that view by the fact that your wife makes a larger salary

:47:05.:47:10.

out of writing a column for the Daily Mail? My wife influences me in

:47:10.:47:14.

many areas, but my views about the Daily Mail? My wife influences me in

:47:14.:47:20.

media are on the record. I have the opportunity to appear in front of

:47:20.:47:23.

Lord Justice Leveson, and I explained to him why I believed in a

:47:23.:47:26.

free press come and I will make that case whenever I have the

:47:26.:47:29.

opportunity, as I think it is a very precious freedom, and I think it is

:47:29.:47:39.

a bad thing if politicians tried to cajole or colour as or influence

:47:39.:47:42.

editors. What we should do is to make our argument to the people, to

:47:42.:47:47.

the public, and make sure that a free press has the rights to be

:47:47.:47:51.

vigorous, walkers, and yes, of course, at times, upsetting, but

:47:51.:47:54.

that is the price we pay for liberty. One final point on

:47:54.:47:58.

education, the teachers have been on strike this week over your plans to

:47:58.:48:02.

introduce performance related pay - in no view, is teaching a vocation,

:48:02.:48:08.

or is it a career choice motivated by financial reward? It is a

:48:08.:48:16.

vocation. But one thing I know is that the headteachers who are

:48:16.:48:18.

responsible for running the best schools in the country tell me that

:48:18.:48:22.

performance related pay is a vital tool in making sure that all

:48:22.:48:24.

children can get the very best education. We had a teaching union

:48:24.:48:29.

leader from America's" yesterday, and he said initially he was opposed

:48:29.:48:32.

to performance related pay, but eventually, he accepted the case,

:48:32.:48:38.

and now, Washington, DC has moved from being one of the worst areas

:48:38.:48:42.

for education in America to be in one of the most improved. Speak to

:48:42.:48:45.

Amanda Phillips, who teaches in the East End of London, and who runs a

:48:46.:48:50.

brilliant primary school there. And another fantastic headteacher from

:48:51.:48:54.

the Midlands. Both of them will tell you that performance related pay is

:48:54.:48:57.

a way of making sure that every child gets the best possible

:48:57.:49:00.

education, and making sure that good teachers get paid more. Can we have

:49:01.:49:07.

a cast-iron guarantee that you will not wear your lederhosen when you

:49:07.:49:12.

come onto the Sunday politics? You have a cast-iron guarantee, Andrew.

:49:12.:49:15.

But one thing I would like to do would be to invite you to join me in

:49:15.:49:19.

pledging that over the next few weeks, both of us will try to do

:49:19.:49:22.

pledging that over the next few everything we can in order to try to

:49:22.:49:25.

be as fit and healthy as possible, because over the next sex sex romps,

:49:25.:49:29.

there is a fight for the future of this country, -- over the next 18

:49:29.:49:33.

months, there is a fight for the future of this country, and people

:49:33.:49:37.

want you, Andrew, to be ready for that fight as well. Are you after

:49:37.:49:46.

that Austrian spa? If he is paying. I think it is 2000 quid or

:49:46.:49:50.

something. So, what did the party faithful make of Mr Cameron? I know

:49:50.:49:59.

a man who can find out. Over to you, Adam. Yes, let's see what the

:49:59.:50:03.

delegates thought. You have been waiting patiently - what did you

:50:03.:50:06.

think of the speech? I thought he did fantastically well. He put a

:50:06.:50:10.

clear dividing line between him and the Labour Party. I was struck by a

:50:10.:50:19.

lot of it being a response to Ed Miliband, so does that mean a bigger

:50:19.:50:22.

band is setting the terms of the debate? Not necessarily, but Ed

:50:22.:50:25.

Miliband gave a very assured, good performance, identifying some key

:50:25.:50:30.

issues. So, for Cameron to ignore that would have been folly. But

:50:30.:50:34.

there was also a lot of other stuff which was clearly designed for the

:50:34.:50:39.

cameras and broadcasting outside, a patriotic approach, which I think

:50:39.:50:42.

was the right approach for him to take in this case. Frarncis Maude,

:50:42.:50:46.

having a celebratory cup of tea. We will leave you to it. What was your

:50:46.:50:54.

highlight of this speech? I loved the policies which were coming out

:50:54.:50:59.

for people of my age, 22. Weighing houses, education, it is so

:50:59.:51:04.

important. It is only our party which is showing a positive and

:51:04.:51:06.

inclusive vision for Britain. Anything missing from the speech?

:51:06.:51:13.

No, I think he covered everything we needed to hear, and gave us a clear

:51:13.:51:16.

dividing line, whereby we are the party of opportunity, and the party

:51:16.:51:20.

for the whole of Britain, as opposed to Labour, which is the party of the

:51:20.:51:26.

few. We have got is very retro who wants to speak to The Daily Politics

:51:26.:51:31.

live? What did you think of the speech? Absolutely brilliant. He

:51:31.:51:33.

said everything that we all need to speech? Absolutely brilliant. He

:51:33.:51:37.

know, reminding us of our roots, opportunity for everybody. When are

:51:37.:51:41.

we going to be living in this land of opportunity? We have started. We

:51:41.:51:45.

have a long way to go, David Cameron said that, and he is right. We are

:51:45.:51:50.

only three and a half years into a government. Some people, the way

:51:50.:51:54.

they say, you would think we have been in for a long time. We are

:51:54.:51:58.

putting right what Labour got one, and it is taking some time, but we

:51:58.:52:03.

are getting there. Briefly, land of Hope is Tory, do you think so?

:52:03.:52:09.

Absolutely. This is the only party that gives hope. Now, finally, spare

:52:09.:52:23.

a thought for that penniless, abused breed, the political sketch writer,

:52:23.:52:26.

locked in the conference equivalent of livestock crates, fed on a diet

:52:26.:52:31.

of warm, continental white wine, could be worse, and the odd press

:52:31.:52:35.

release, poised for the dramatic event which may or may not happen.

:52:35.:52:39.

They have not had a proper night's sleep for a month. One of the

:52:39.:52:43.

finest, Quentin Letts, has been dutifully following events for us.

:52:43.:52:47.

He has escaped from his great for this final dispatch, and we would

:52:47.:52:50.

like to warn viewers that there is flash photography in this report. --

:52:50.:53:03.

from his crate. You have got the blue banners sorted, the invitations

:53:03.:53:04.

have been sent out, then someone has blue banners sorted, the invitations

:53:04.:53:09.

to go and spoil it. Ladies and gentlemen, I am talking about

:53:09.:53:13.

gate-crashers, attention seeking individuals trying to barge their

:53:13.:53:16.

way into David and George's party. And they did not even have the

:53:16.:53:23.

decency to bring a bottle of Blue Nunn. The first culprit, Nigel

:53:23.:53:29.

Farage, muscling in on the fringe events, whispering words into the

:53:29.:53:34.

ears of the Eurosceptic Bruce group, seductive words, like,

:53:34.:53:40.

election pact - positively indecent! You are causing mischief, aren't

:53:40.:53:44.

you? No, I am here to have a proper debate. You are teasing the

:53:44.:53:50.

Conservative Party, gate-crashers number two, Alistair Campbell, Tony

:53:50.:53:54.

Blair's nasty old spin doctor, who barged into the conference to

:53:54.:53:56.

campaign on alcohol awareness, and barged into the conference to

:53:56.:54:01.

to wait the few Tories. Nobody was safe. And continuing love for Mrs

:54:01.:54:09.

Thatcher provided more discomfort, when party members were invited by

:54:09.:54:13.

this programme to nominate their all-time favourite Prime Minister by

:54:13.:54:17.

dropping blue balls into The Daily Politics mood box. Who has got more

:54:17.:54:24.

balls, you Mrs Thatcher? Cheeky. But still, they could rely on the old

:54:24.:54:28.

foot soldiers, couldn't they? That did not seem to be the case when the

:54:28.:54:31.

Defence Secretary, Philip Hammond, received a full frontal assault from

:54:31.:54:36.

a couple of ancient Fusiliers, both party members, who took exception to

:54:36.:54:39.

their regiment being disbanded in the defence cuts. We are fortunate

:54:39.:54:45.

indeed to have the best Armed Forces in the world, with the finest and

:54:45.:54:49.

the bravest men and women serving in them. They are serving us now, as

:54:49.:54:54.

they always serve us, round the clock. Would you like to sit down? I

:54:54.:55:00.

will come and talk to you happily later on. Let me complete my speech.

:55:00.:55:05.

This conference has been a bit more serious, for want of a better word,

:55:05.:55:07.

This conference has been a bit more Thatcherite, then in recent years.

:55:07.:55:13.

It is a bit like being at a gathering of accountants and

:55:13.:55:15.

actuaries. Some of the conference gags have been a bit like that, too.

:55:15.:55:21.

David and Ed Miliband, the greatest sibling rivalry since the Bible - -

:55:21.:55:34.

Kane and not very able. Abu Qatada looked at him and asked, is crazy

:55:34.:55:39.

may flying with me? I admit I was crazy, raising with the European

:55:39.:55:44.

court of human rights. But when it comes to stealing the limelight,

:55:44.:55:47.

there is only one man with the necessary showbiz sparkle, shimmy

:55:47.:55:53.

neon -- shimmying onto the dance floor, Boris Johnson. Not so long

:55:53.:55:59.

ago, I welcomed the former French Prime Minister Alain Juppe, and he

:55:59.:56:05.

told me that he was now the mayor of Bordeaux. I think he may have been

:56:05.:56:09.

when he was Prime Minister as well. It is the kind of thing they do in

:56:09.:56:13.

France, a very good idea, in my view... What he said was... ! Joke!

:56:13.:56:20.

How to sum up the week? I could tell you about Margaret Thatcher ironing

:56:20.:56:24.

board covers which had to be taken off the shelves because they were

:56:24.:56:27.

not heat resistant, I could tell you about David Cameron and his

:56:27.:56:30.

bread-making machine, I could tell you about these lovely teddy bears

:56:31.:56:33.

from the Conservative visible at a group. But really, this week has

:56:33.:56:37.

been about money, welfare, jobs, money, money, money. That is how

:56:37.:56:41.

they are going to play the next few months. So, lads, looks like you are

:56:41.:56:46.

going to have to go out to work. Sorry about that. Well, I think

:56:46.:56:57.

Quentin Letts can join us now. This is a great moment, because the long

:56:57.:57:01.

three weeks of the conference season is now over, so we are feeling a

:57:01.:57:05.

certain liberation, and I am sure you viewers may feel the same. Of

:57:05.:57:11.

course, it is not quite over for the English conferences, as we always

:57:11.:57:14.

have to say, but how did this Tory conference compared to the last

:57:14.:57:17.

three? Well, very different people here. The more loony elements seem

:57:17.:57:27.

to have disappeared, and they seem very serious and resolute and

:57:27.:57:31.

determined to get on with what they are doing. This speech today was the

:57:31.:57:36.

same, Suba, rather solid, not exciting. You could not accuse it of

:57:36.:57:39.

same, Suba, rather solid, not being revolutionary, but that was

:57:39.:57:42.

probably the idea. -- Sauber. It was a contrast to that rather wild, mad

:57:42.:57:46.

speech which Miliband gave last week. Cameron being in the centre

:57:46.:57:53.

ground, grown-up and solid. We will let you go and enjoy your freedom,

:57:53.:57:57.

your liberation, in Manchester. Michael Heseltine, final four from

:57:57.:58:02.

you? I think Cameron staked his claim to the centre ground. It was

:58:02.:58:07.

not, as Quentin said, all about money, it was about caring for a

:58:07.:58:11.

whole raft of people, in social work, in the military, in schools,

:58:11.:58:17.

who are essentially public sector, at the forefront of the battle to

:58:17.:58:18.

improve social conditions, and at the forefront of the battle to

:58:18.:58:23.

Cameron cared passionately. No one can ever say again, we do not know

:58:23.:58:27.

what he stands for. That is it for today. It is the end of the English

:58:27.:58:33.

conference season. The Scottish Nationalists are meeting, strangely

:58:33.:58:38.

enough, in Scotland. Thanks to viewers on the News Channel for

:58:38.:58:42.

watching. Jo will be back tomorrow. I will be back tomorrow night on

:58:42.:58:47.

This Week. James Langdale will have all of today's conference highlights

:58:47.:58:55.

on BBC Two after Newsnight. So, that is it, we will be back tonight, not

:58:55.:59:02.

us, but the team will be back, with the round-up, after Newsnight.

:59:02.:59:04.

Bye-bye.

:59:04.:59:08.

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