Why is the Land Rover the second most stolen vehicle in the country? And discovering the Middle Ages graffiti in Bodiam Castle and Sissinghurst Castle in Kent.
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Gone in 60 minutes, why land Rovers are being stolen to order in Kent
and Sussex. It is not just a car that people drive, it is a car that
they love and cherish and the impact from these people, when they have
had it stolen, it is like losing your dog. The Brighton teenager who
fought had cancer on YouTube. It was something that she needed to do,
something that she wanted to do. I think she wanted to share with the
world. And we go looking for medieval graffiti in the castles of
the south-east. To find something like this in a castle is rare and it
makes this very special. I'm Natalie Graham with untold stories closer to
home, from all around the south-east, this is Inside Out.
Hello, and welcome to the programme. This week we come to you from Brodie
Castle in East Sussex. No rural scene in the south-east would be
complete without a mud splattered land Rover but it is surprisingly
one of the most stolen cars in England. We found out why.
Sunday morning in a Sussex wood, for these Land Rover
It s a dirty homage to a cherished off-road car.
They are an iconic British vehicle, a work horse for the army,
farmers and also a whole generation of families and hobbyists.
Some of these Land Rovers are worth north of ?50,000.
Lovingly built and tinkered with over decades, to their owners
these vehicles are much more than just a car.
Problem is, to organised gangs of car thieves,
the Land Rover has become a top target.
But Land Rover owners are fighting back, some using social media
to get their cars back some using a host of new security devices
others using social media to try and track cars down
We have a couple of Facebook pages and always someone's
coming up there, saying, "Please help, my Land
So who is stealing the Land Rovers here in Sussex and Kent,
why are they doing it and where are they going to?
18 months or two years ago it was off the drive in the middle of the
night and someone broke into a tad I never saw it again.
This one now lives my garage, under lock and key.
Everything else I have got is very well secured.
They are unfortunately very stealable.
Stealable because the last Land Rover Defender rolled off
And since then this car has been one of the most stolen
The NFU Mutual insurance company saw a surge in theft claims
When you buy a Land Rover you are not buying a car, it is a hobby.
It's the heart and soul people put into these vehicles.
Sometimes the car is passed down through the family and the impact
when they have it stolen in cities like losing their dog. It is not
nice. This Land Rover was the pride
and joy of Leicestershire police until the thieves took
it apart overnight. It was parked outside
a local Police Station. But all these stolen
Land Rovers have got to be going somewhere,
so what exactly Police say high-end vehicles,
like these Range Rovers, are being stolen to order
and shipped abroad, Older, more vintage models,
are equally as desirable to the thieves that s
because Land Rovers were designed to the thieves because Land
Rovers were designed to be simple to fix out
in the field, they can easily be stripped down into parts,
parts which are now more valuable because they are no
longer being made. Because they have stopped making
them the spare parts are few and far between but with a box of spammers
and an hour you can add one Mbits completely. There are no codes
stamped on most of the parts so they appear on eBay and there is a market
unfortunately for stolen bits. Jon Rush is a Land Rover mechanic
from Sussex who was hit As someone who knows
Land Rovers inside-out, So just how easy is it for
the criminals to strip a Land Rover? Well, we came up with
a little experiment. We are calling it
Gone In 60 Minutes. plan is to unbolt parts of the Land
Rover until we end up with as big a pile of bits and as little Land
Rover as we can finish with. OK, that is 23 minutes, 23 minutes gone.
Jon firmly believes that his beloved Land Rover was stolen to order
Now he's going to show us just how easily a Land Rover comes apart.
With the clock ticking, and multiple cameras running,
we'll check back in with Jon in a while.
Henry Mowforth is a mechanic on slightly larger vehicles.
His Land Rover was special, it was his wedding car.
We used it to get from the church to the reception.
Me, my wife and son have used it ever since, used it all the time.
It was my first vehicle. It is soul destroying because you spend all of
that time with it and that it is just gone.
Our next victim thinks thieves may have planted a tracking device
on his Land Rover when it was parked at his local railway station
When he drove home they electronically followed him,
then nicked his Land Rover off the drive.
It's in the middle of nowhere so there may have been a tracker put on
the car and they came back whenever they wanted to come and get it.
Nathan Ricketts is a detective on the national car squad
and he knows all the latest tricks and tactics car crime
Have you ever come across cases where organised crime gangs
are putting trackers on commuters' cars at railway stations,
where they follow them home to steal the vehicle?
Is that what is happening? In my spirits I have come across an
organised crime group and they were particularly selective of cars and
they would see them in supermarkets and drive into them and pretend it
was an accident and leave a note saying they were really sorry about
it and they would offer a paint job with their friends so they didn't
have to to do it on the insurance. You would take it there and they
would do a great job of it -- not repairing the bumper or the Dent and
they would put a tracking device into the vehicle.
This garage in Kent is full of top-end Range Rovers.
The manufacturers fit all of these cars with at least one tracker
for the benefit of the owners, but the car gangs have
They are now using one of these, a magic wand to sniff
I will just turn that up. They will know that there is something in the
vehicle. A tracker. Now when people steal the car they will block the
signal and they will block any signal coming out of the car and
take it somewhere safe and take it to a side road or in the unit
somewhere and when they feel safe somewhere and when they feel safe
they will switch the unit on and try and find the tracking unit and as
soon as they find it will be disconnected.
Being one step ahead of the thieves is the only way to catch them,
and the latest gadget does just that.
A tiny, highly intelligent tracker that can't be sniffed
What is the product you have come up with? What is the secret tracker? I
would love to be able to show you but we don't do that. It could be
anything on the car. It is not one particular unit, it is well it now
we don't talk about it. It could be in the headlights or anywhere and I
will not show you any specification for it. We don't want the thieves to
get the upper hand on us. And Neil's intelligent
tracker is getting results. It can runs for months and send
a signal from inside Here police are recovering
Land Rovers at Southampton Docks, just about to be shipped abroad,
and then here are dozens more They don't just steal the whole car,
they take just bits of a car. There are shots on the Internet of a
police Land Rover taken to bits. Why did they take to bits? It reduces
the risk. If you take a whole car and steal it and try and move it
then it is easier to identify but is parts can look like scrap or a few
car parts and it reduces what it is, and it is a stolen vehicle.
With stolen Land Rover parts vanishing so quickly,
police need to catch the criminals in the act.
And that's exactly what happened to these three Land Rover thieves.
A call from a neighbour led to a quick police reaction,
and last October this trio were handed a prison
sentences totalling six and a half years in all.
I believe it was quite a slick operation.
These vehicles, in my mind, were going to be taken either to another
country or stripped down for parts and sent out to another country for
money. Back in Jon's barn, how
was his attempt at stripping Now you see it, now you don't. Time!
That is a Land Rover stripped in 60 minutes. We are done. Are you a
pricey did it so quickly? I am surprised but I don't think I would
like to do it as a business. Thank you for letting us film you work
very hard, now put it back together! Thank you. That will take longer.
As far as we are aware, they are still rebuilding that car! Coming
up: we get medieval on the graffiti on the walls of our castles. As far
as we are aware, they are still as we are aware, they are still
rebuilding that car! Coming up: we get medieval on the graffiti on the
walls of our castles. We have been told there weren't any medieval
inscriptions to be found here so to uncover we have been told there
weren't any medieval inscriptions to be found here so to uncover
inscriptions that date back inscriptions that date back to when
this was occupied then that was a very special moment indeed. When a
teenager from Brighton found that she had cancer it was devastating
news but she decided to fight the disease in her own way, very
publicly. Mark Norman reports. I'm just like any other typical
teenage girl, but I have a twist. 16-year-old Charlotte
had been diagnosed with an aggressive brain tumour,
but rather than hide away, she decided she was going to use
the power of social media to tell the world
what was happening and how she felt. But I found when I had cancer
and wanted some advice videos, In June she said, "I think I m
going to start a YouTube "channel," and I said,
"What are you going to talk about?" And she said "my cancer",
and it developed from there. I've had purple hair, no hair, long,
dark and shiny hair. Black lips, red lips,
dry cracked from chemo lips. I'd finished my exams, I had these
three months when I was free, It was actually on the day of
problem that I was diagnosed which is kind of depressing.
Obviously that was all taken away from me after being
Charlotte posted more than 100 videos in the two
The early ones were watched a few hundred times.
By the time Charlotte lost her battle with cancer, people
all over the country, indeed from around the world,
So, yeah, sorry for these random snippets.
Maybe this is the way I vlog, literally picking up the camera.
After she passed away her videos were nominated
video award and then, remarkably, Charlotte s family
found dozens of unedited, unseen video files on her camera.
I inherited her DSLR which was very special to her.
It was her window onto the world, and I went through her stuff,
and I've had this memory card for months, and I found a new folder
I think most poignant for me is how frank they are, how honest.
When it came to wearing them is, this one is the most comfortable,
so, yes. This is how I look,
and there is nothing I just wanted to me myself? bald,
with hair, whatever. But with the type of tumour
Charlotte had, her condition Charlotte s videos became more
reflective, sometimes difficult to watch, and bringing back
difficult memories for her family. It's grown from a few millimetres
to a few centimetres, Her right hand side was paralysed
and she couldn't move her leg or her arm and then very slowly took every
part of our. Unfortunately things have taken
a turn for the worse. The medication I was on isn't
working very well, so, yeah, I'm looking a bit
the worse for wear. We went to see her consultant
and he more or less had his head in his hands, and he said it's very,
very bad news, the tumour And we cried and I think
it was disbelief. And she just looked at me and said,
"Does that mean I ll never get And I said, "I think it
does," and she went back to see her consultant and said,
"Am I going to die?" He said it seems the
most likely outcome. This is where Charlotte
was diagnosed with a brain tumour. This is where she spent a huge
amount of time being treated. And this is where, despite seeing
a huge number of patients every day, One of the things about Charlotte
is that Charlotte was a phenomenal individual who, despite being faced
with certain death from her tumour, did not say, "Oh, well,"
but she went out there. She raised funds, raised awareness,
she pushed and pushed right to the end, and what an amazing
and humbling experience it is for me, an adult
and a neurosurgeon to see someone so young grasp the enormity
of their diagnosis and just not accept there was nothing
she could do. I have mixed feelings
talking about Charlotte. The only negative thing that comes
to mind is her loss. All the rest is in my mind
a celebration of beauty, life, positivity, bravery,
generosity, that is what She was blogging, making
videos on YouTube. Describing her experience
in an attempt to help others who were going
through the same thing. She was doing it in a very stylish
way, in a way I am certain that would be very helpful for many
people, thousands across the globe. And support was one of the reasons
Charlotte was online. Many of her friends before
her diagnosis couldn't cope with her illness,
something she reflected I've had 60s eyes, red eyes,
dancing-until-dawn eyes. Boyfriends, me friends,
never seen again friends. But Charlotte made new friends
online, friends like Emily, I went over to her channel
and I looked at some of her videos and I loved what she had created
and I loved her personality We arranged to meet up
and we met in the June. I will get back to you guys when I
see Emily. I am meeting at Brighton station and she will be getting in
at them. I've still got all her texts,
I've not deleted one single one. She said she was so grateful to be
here for me and that was the last text I got from her.
She has left her legacy, her videos and she has left
an impact on me that I will carry into my later life.
That legacy and that impact now extend to the charity Charlotte's
They are raising money to raise awareness and fund
research into glioplastomas, the type of brain
I know that she is up there and she will be looking down
and I have promised her that I will make it work.
So obviously hopefully she is proud of us and the charity and it
Towards the end of Charlotte's life her mum had to voice up her videos,
including this final one in February last year.
It is with regret that this will be the last YouTube
Charlotte passed away peacefully at 1.03pm in our local
My family have been with me 110% and I love the more than anything. We
will always come together as a sort of team, if you like. I have just
been incredibly blessed to have that around me.
I don't really know what else I had to say. If anything else exciting
happens I will grab the camera again, so let's wait and see.
Mark Norman reporting. If I were to scratch my initials onto the stones
of this beautiful castle I would be improbable -- trouble, but for
hundreds of years people have been leaving their marks on our much
loved historic buildings. And thanks to a new study
across the South East, we re finding out more
about who wrote them and why. For some, graffiti is vandalism
and for others it s an art form, but maybe there's another
way of looking at it. More and more archaeologists
are studying the scratchings and scribblings of people who've
wanted to, for one reason Matt Champion is an archaeologist
specialising in historical graffiti. As an archaeologist my interest
has always been people of the past, it's always been
about telling their story. He's carrying out a survey on behalf
of the National Trust at many of their famous historical
properties, like here What the graffiti can do is kind
of give you an insight into their hopes and dreams,
their fears and I think that really gives it an edge that you just
don't get elsewhere. This historic graffiti can be
an absolutely fantastic He has been studying the graffiti at
Bodiam Castle stone by stone and has found thousands of inscriptions.
As soon as you get here to the gatehouse and just start
looking at these walls you realise they are absolutely covered
in graffiti inscriptions, so we've got James Bryant,
who is in the 35th regiment, and he was here in 1818.
Now, the traditional story was that James
was here as a Napoleonic Solider guarding French prisoners of war,
however the research we've done indicates that actually by this time
all the French prisoners of war had been repatriated
and he was here as a visitor, a day tripper.
We're heading up into the upper section of the gatehouse.
But the bit I really want to show you is over here.
If I turn the light off, it will completely disappear.
So if I turn the light on here and suddenly you can see
all these markings all over the wall, but this one
This is what we call a ritual protection mark,
or more commonly referred to these days as a witch mark,
and essentially this is one of a whole series of symbols that
were applied to the castle by the people who built it,
but also by the people who were later living here,
Well, this and the other marks we've recorded here,
these ones date back to the period when the castle, just
So we are looking really back into the late 14th
and early 15th century, and so even in a place like Bodiam,
which is designed as a castle, you know with battlements,
with gun-loops with drawbridges, they really wanted to add another
layer of spiritual protection on top of those defences.
They've found over 40 of these marks around every window and door,
just on this side of the castle, but Matt wants to show me something
Now, if you look across here, we have a name and it
This is unusual in the fact that it's a text inscription,
so it's clearly done by someone who is both used to the writing
So actually it's quite unusual to find medieval name,
because most people didn't know how to write.
Literacy levels in the middle ages were certainly a lot less
What did you think then when you saw it?
Well, we'd been told that there weren't any medieval
inscriptions to be found at Bodiam Castle, so to actually
come and start looking stone by stone and to uncover inscriptions
which clearly date back to the period when this
was being occupied that was a very special moment indeed.
Nathalie Cohen is the National Trust's Archaeologist
She is equally enthusiastic about this area of study.
So why carry out this graffiti survey?
We want to present it as a part of the fabric of the building,
we are obviously not encouraging people to leave their own mark now
because we don't want to obliterate the earlier marks that are part
So is there graffiti on every National Trust
So far pretty much wherever we've gone we've been finding it.
And at Bodiam they've been sharing these findings with the public,
The response has been fantastic and people really love getting that
further insight into the stories of the places.
Or did you know, is that why you initiated it?
I just thought, well, yeah, this is amazing.
This is really interesting; surely people will find
Over the border in Kent, I'm at Sissinghurst
Most people come here for the world famous gardens,
but head inside the tower and there's another
If I turn on the light, you can see dates back to the 18th
century and we've got a name in there and our date 1761 down
This was created by a French, a captured French sailor.
And what many people don't realise is that Sissinghurst,
prior to being the home of Vita Sackville West,
and after being a great Tudor mansion, was leased out
to the government, and during the Seven Years War,
there were as many as 3,000 French prisoners of war located here.
But their names weren't all they left behind.
If I turn the light on here, you can see that what we've got
across this whole surface is a series of images of ships.
And these are quite probably the ships that these French
This represents freedom, the freedom of the seas,
here they are incarcerated, over-crowded, in very squalid
conditions, and actually what they are thinking
I mean, what, would it simply be that they were really bored
Well, I think boredom partly has something to do with it,
but what we have noticed, looking at graffiti not just
here, but elsewhere, is that there are certain times
in history when people are much more likely to create than in others,
and we call them chronological hotspots, those periods tends to be
times when society is under stress, so things like war, things
this is right in the middle of the Seven Years War,
so frankly when things go bad, people start writing on the walls.
We're used to learning about history through dates and documents,
but graffiti gives us a direct line to the past, it tells us
about the hopes, the dreams and the fears of the people
who lived in, who worked in, and like us who visited
Now, if you would like to know more about the programme go to our live
pages on the BBC News website. You can also watch the show again on
iPlayer. Make sure you tune in next week because we have a lot to tell
you about, in particular, this. We've discovered an island in Kent
littered with historical human remains. It looks like it could be a
leg bone, couldn't it? It is a thigh bone. Are there other groups there?
Football for females in their 50s? It is an absolutely fantastic
feeling. That is it from us for tonight from bodhi Castle, thank you
for watching. -- from Bodiam Castle. Hello, I'm Riz Lateef
with your 90 second update. The Government says national
security means it won't confirm if an unarmed nuclear missile
veered off course during testing. Theresa May now admits
she knew about the test. She refused to answer
the question yesterday. In his first day
in the job as US President, Donald Trump met
businesses and said he'll cut taxes
and slash red tape, as long as they don't
move jobs abroad. That's the message after nearly
8,000 drivers were caught in just one week
during a police crackdown. Brothers Erwin and Krystian
Markowski illegally recruited Poles to work
at Sports Direct. But they threatened them,
and kept most of their wages.
The Land Rover is a rural icon and no country scene in Kent or Sussex is complete without one. But it is the second most stolen vehicle in the country. We look at the reasons why, and the new hi-tech techniques the thieves are using. We tell the story of the young woman from Brighton who vlogged her battle with cancer until she sadly died a year ago. And we discover the Middle Ages graffiti in Bodiam Castle and Sissinghurst Castle in Kent.