05/12/2011 Inside Out South


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Welcome to Inside Out. Here is what is coming up tonight.


A Sussex by this he designed Britain into the record books. --


the Sussex brothers who designed. It was so ahead of its time, that


many believed if it ran today and it could reach its top speed, it


could still be the fastest wheel driven car in the world. Cut-off


from their children and facing life in a foreign one. -- foreign land.


I was distressed, I would go to bed saying I just wanted to die. I


don't think it is just banks. the sounds of Africa help these


women find peace of mind. People feel better just by singing.


first freeloading layabout or campers with the point, I will find


out who is behind the Occupier protest. I think it is an


amalgamation that the people in general are not happy in this


country. Does their action really represent a new start? At the end


of the day, they don't really have much of a point to make other than


they are unhappy with a whole bunch of issues.


I am Jon Cuthill and this is Inside If you are visiting Brighton you


cannot fail to notice a tented community has sprung up next to the


Royal Pavilion. This city's version of the World Wide Occupier movement.


-- occupied. So, this is it then. Occupy Brighton. Who runs this? Are


you in charge or an elected spokesperson? I am the delegated


spokesperson for the group for now. But there are no leaders. It is a


totally nonhierarchical structure. Info tent, what is happening?


is the tea and coffee area for the general public, and the kitchen. It


is manned by a working group of volunteers who are preparing tasty


vegan food. We have got is a meditation class going on here.


Only a handful of protesters stay here twentyfour seven but there is


a wider network of supporters who can be called upon to swell the


numbers. It is very organised, isn't it? For a nonhierarchical


organisation, it is, but it is working and that is testament to


the will of the people involved. What do you want me to take away


with me? I will spend some time with you guys, stay here in a


little tent. What do you hope I will take away? Optimism and hope.


More than anything. This Conservative MP is hopeful and


optimistic they will pack up and leave. He said they are lazy


campers and freeloaders. If they stay but he wants them to pay


council tax. What are you protesting about, why are you here?


I am here because I am not at all happy with the state this country


is in, mainly. We are being told constantly we have got to cut back


and it seems to be very unfair when we have got big organisations like


banks and governments that can commit criminal offences and get


away with it. Why don't you set up a political party and work within


the system? The system is broken. The consensus for all the movements


is the present political system encourages corruption. What


specifically is broken? In local issues we have agreed the massive


problem we have got, nationwide and particularly in Brighton is


homelessness. Sarah said it was actually the banks she was annoyed


with, and now it is the homeless, can you say what you are doing


here? I will talk to somebody else in a minute. I don't think is just


banks, just homeless, just parliamentary systems, it is an


amalgamation that the people in general are not happy in this


country. Whilst a similar camp in Bournemouth was moved on by the


local council in Brighton the Green Party say they will welcome to stay,


if they behave. But is that the view of the rest of the city?


would love to see a different way in the world but I don't know it


necessarily their ideas are as wise as they might be when they are all


do. The people starting to stand up for themselves. Against the super


rich. This is a conscious thing people need to be more or whereof


like the ill distribution of wealth across the world. It is certainly


welcome and hopefully it will make the local politicians take note and


they realise this is happening in their constituency. They'll find to


be there, they are not getting in a was way, standing up for what they


believe in which is good. At least they have got the spirit to


actually try. While not everybody agrees on the protest, what about


the ideas? Asked a local economist to visit the camp to see if their


proposals hold water. What does he make of the Utopian dream? I very


much in support of this movement, the spirit, pointing to the


deficiencies we experience in these turbulent times. They are proposing


a Robin had tax, if you prevent financial turmoil by throwing sand


in the ears of the financial industry, you distributed to the


poor, put his weight is called the Robin attacks. That is not extreme,


it is proposed by most European governments, not this one in the UK.


We have ignored a mushrooming underclass for generations,


pretended that underclass doesn't exist, their problems that exist,


made sure statistically they don't exist so they can be ignored. In my


opinion it is what driving Occupy. At the end of the day that I really


have a point to make other than they are unhappy with a lot of


issues. A lot of the people here are on benefits, half the people


are working, half on. Something which they just seem to like to do.


I didn't stop anybody doing the lifestyle they would like to do,


but not other public spaces we are paying for. As light fades the


number of protest has dwindled to the hard core who set about


battening down for another night under canvas. It is a battle at the


moment against the weather. Apparently this is the windiest


they have ever had it and it is taking a bit of a battering. The


weather is meant to be pretty rotten overnight. Meanwhile,


washing-up doesn't do itself, does it? There may be a global economic


crisis, but there is washing-up to be done. People gather for the most


important event of the day, a General Assembly. It is a chance to


discuss whether protest is going and the issues involved. Use empty


homes to house homeless people. like all committee meetings


everybody wants to talk about something different. We invite the


Green party to initiate a direct democracy experiment here in


Brighton, la Simon Cowell suggested the same thing as an evolution of X


Factor. That is basically the proposal. With so many wanting to


talk, it is all about their hands. An intricate system of justice used


to stop the meeting descending into chaos. This one means I have got a


point to make, this year's agreement, and this, get out, the


tent is on fire. Throughout the evening volunteers patrol the


promoter of the camp to keep things in check. Essentially, it is


security, keeping everybody saved through the night shift and the


dayshift. And keeping the site tranquil. Someone will be walking


the perimeter in the evening, looking out for any potential


trouble. Exactly. And they will not tolerate any misbehaviour from


within their own ranks, either. your behaviour is out of order you


get one warning, and we will call the police and they are 30 seconds


up the road here. The few times we have had to call them they have


been terrific. They have been down within a minute and helped us


mitigate problems we are not qualified to mitigate. I go to bed,


my head ringing with save the world mantras and down with the banks


diatribes. But in the cool light of dawn as I prepare to leave the camp,


and then not all is rosy in this brave new world. Occupy Brighton,


we are suffering from a lack of directed sober protest, if you like.


We have plonked our tent in the middle of Victoria Gardens in


Brighton which is already an area full of drug users, rough sleepers.


What did we expect? Obviously people are going to turn up and


maybe not even know why we are here protesting. I see this can actually


as changing into a much more sort of welfare-based site. It does seem


a relatively safe sanctuary for the homeless and venerable who the


protesters claim are themselves victims of a failed system --


vulnerable. I left care when I was 17 years old. I was moved into a


hostel which is designed for recovering drug addicts and


alcoholic, adults, not teenagers. The night before I came down here I


was listening to two guys having an argument about who was going to get


the next hit. That is not very good for a young person's frame of mind.


In the nicest possible sense I am still a kid. I shouldn't be in that


kind of environment. We have kind of become like care in the


community. There are a lot of homeless people, people with drink


and drug issues, we're not qualified to do this. We are trying


to outreach to the working groups around Brighton to see what help


they can offer. Because it is a huge issue.


Is it that the steam is running out the protest, or just evolving into


something else? Turning into this care, drop-in centre. But it is no


bad thing vulnerable people are getting help. It is certainly not,


it is great. But I wonder if we should withdraw at some point.


There are some people who are in it for the long haul, it will be home


until the bitter end. This is the last resort as I see it. This is


the only effective means of protest that isn't going away. We have a


ballot box here. Millions of people vote certain ways. You can't let a


small number of people change the course just because they don't like


the way the course is going. just feels right in my heart to be


doing this. I'm too young and not satisfied with the system to just


keep plodding along. I want to be part of making a difference, I have


And don't forget, if you think you have got a story for me, get in


touch. Next, Donald Campbell and Bluebird are both household names,


but what about the guys who came up with the design for the car? Kaddy


Lee-Preston looks at how one small Sussex company came to dream up the


world's first fastest car. Some people say the best thing ever to


come out of Burgess Hill is the A873, but they are wrong. -- A273.


This town was once home to a company that designed a rather


special car for legendary speed record breaker, Donald Campbell. A


The Bluebird Campbell Norris 7. It was so ahead of its time that many


believe if it ran today and could reach its top speed, it would still


be the fastest wheel driven car in the world. I have come to the


National Motor Museum at Beaulieu to take a fresh look at the car.


is like a blue tiger, if you like. An iconic shape. To find out how it


set a world record against all the odds. And to reveal the modest


Sussex inventors, the men who made it all possible. They were very


humble people. Never, ever said you cannot do that. They would always


encourage you to think, OK, how might it be done? Donald Campbell


and Bluebird became household names back in the early 60s, but


Campbell's biographer, David Tremain, thinks the Norris brothers


deserve the same kind of recognition. Donald Campbell is


lorded quite rightly as the only man in history to do the water


speed and land speed in the same calendar year, but also the Norris


others should be lauded for that because both products were their


designs and they played such a key part in both attempts. Without them


it wouldn't have happened. Before the Bluebird boat and the Bluebird


car Norris brothers were not known for designing vehicles, but Donald


Campbell knew the brothers and had total faith in their engineering


skills. So he asked them to design a record-breaking boat and car.


According to Donald Stevens, Norris brothers' project coordinator, it


was typical of them to say yes. just took on anything that most


people would either just couldn't do or wouldn't do, from how to


generate electricity out of the sea, to containing very cold liquids, to


designing things like this. So how did a company more used to


designing explosionproof boxes, wrapping machines and sweet factory


components do it? It all began with a special method Ken Norris


designed for finding solutions to complicated problems. He called it


morphological thought. It was a way of making a chart which every


single possible way of doing the job would be included, and from


that you could then select which way was the most practical way,


which way might have some development and from that you could


choose all sorts of things. While Ken dealt with the


aerodynamics Lou oversaw the mechanics and decided to power


Bluebird with a modified aircraft engine. Hugh Standing was the car's


main mechanical engineer. particular job was modifying the


engine which was a turboprop engine, and we had to take the gearbox of


the front of it and adapt that you have a drive out of the front end


and the backend so that both ends were running at the same speed. It


was an educational experience working on the car. It took 29,000


man-hours of development to make Bluebird the safest, most


technically-advanced land speed car there had ever been. And if that


weren't enough, it also managed to be rather beautiful as well. The


sleek, streamlined shape it a body of super strong aluminium honeycomb,


an innovation that saved Campbell's life when he crashed the first


laboured in the Utah desert. -- Bluebird. The accident that he had


in 1960 was the fastest accident anyone had ever survived. Possibly


360 mph, possibly a bit less. If you think about that for him to get


away with an accident like that with just a skull fracture, that


shows the strength of the car for sure. After the crash Bluebird's


body was redesigned. Its aerodynamics were tested in this


wind tunnel at Imperial College London. The car had to have it sexy


humps because the tyre manufacturer Dunlop said that Bluebird needed


huge 52 inch wheels. We were forced to have very large wheels because


of having these streamlined covers over the top. The problem there is


if you look at it, the front arches act as fins which are very far


forward. If that car does deviate, that carries it even further of


course. -- off course. The solution was to add a tall tailfin to


stabilise the car and keep it running in a straight line. Now the


only problem was the Australian weather. It hadn't rained there for


20 years, but being an all British affair it rained cats and dogs as


soon as the team got there. This exclusive footage never before seen


on television, shows just how bad the conditions were. So bad in fact


that Donald Campbell said the surface was like the skin on a rice


pudding. There is no telling how deeply the rain has soaked in and


it looks no place for a 4.5 ton car. But they went ahead anyway.


Bluebird had to make two runs to break the record, and just managed


it, sinking into the salt, it's barely scraping along the ground.


The speed recorded was a new wheel driven world record of 403 mph, but


had conditions in right, how much faster good Bluebird have gone?


current record is 458. Bluebird at its peak with the right tyres,


conditions, could have set a record between 450 and 475 mph on the


right surface. The tragedy is it never did ever


run on a surface that befitted the car itself.


Donald Campbell died attempting a new water speed, and with his death


went any hopes of running the Bluebird car again. The Norris


brothers continue to innovate and invent until Ken died in 2005, and


Lou in 2009. Neither one ever received the credit many feel they


deserve. And neither of them would be


particularly bothered they didn't get it, because that was their


nature. They would have got their satisfaction in designing something


that work. To them that was the accolade they wanted. All the same,


it does seem a shame they are not remembered, especially in their


home town. It is the 20th century icon. Sleek, futuristic, and unique.


When you come to Burgess Hill, there is nothing here to show that


this is where it was conceived and designed. And no sign that the


Norris brother has ever existed. -- While Bluebird might have been the


ultimate adrenalin rush what if you are after a slightly more peaceful


state of mind? For one group of women in Surrey, singing the songs


of their homeland is providing a way of coping with the memories of


Some people are just healed by singing, people feel better just by


Highfield very happy after singing. I feel my blood running through


every part of my body. It gives me Even when I am stressed, I feel


that when I am singing and worshipping, all the things I am


feeling go away, in that moment I am just out of this world, it is


like I am not in the room with other people. For these African


women seeking asylum in Britain has not been easy. They have faced


Leninist, isolation, hardship and depression. -- loneliness. Lorraine


Yates is a community development worker for Surrey Community action.


My work was to look at ways to help people think about their mental


well-being, think about how they can make themselves well, and keep


well. Lorraine first met the women when she was invited to a Saturday


morning support group for Refugees. They come together to share their


problems and difficulties. They think coming to Britain, everything


will be straightforward and easy, and they realise that very quickly


it is not the case. Many of the people that I work with have left


their children back at home. That Winnie is from Zimbabwe and came to


Britain seven years ago for her brother's funeral. Whilst here her


husband phoned from Zimbabwe to say the political situation had got


worse, and warned her not to return. Soon afterwards he was murdered.


Her two young children were left in Zimbabwe, but she could not go back.


For I couldn't describe it, terrible. I was so isolated, I was


all a load. Feeling like crying, I said it affected me so much. -- it


Overwhelmed with the loss and separation, life became very


difficult for her. I was missing my children so much. Especially when I


am a sleep, they would appear in dreams. One vivid dream was when my


little boy, I saw him being drowned in a river, so I was trying to go


and help him but I couldn't. When I woke up I was crying. Those were


some of the things I faced when I came here.


She was not the only member of the group to face problems. A sheila


came to Britain from South Africa, leaving her baby daughter in her


mother's care -- she left. When her mother died she was devastated. She


couldn't return for the funeral, and was concerned for her


daughter's safety. It has always been the stress of that as well,


because obviously if your image -- immigration papers are not right, I


tried, but I couldn't. Finally my immigration papers came through in


2009. January of this year I had enough money, so I sent all the


necessary documents that were needed, and I sent them to Zimbabwe


for Mrs to do handymen. Within a week they were back and they


refused my daughter to come. So I thought that was the horrible park.


Now I had to go for counselling and will that because I was very


stressed. I had got to that centre -- the point where I just wanted to


die. Although they met to supported other through their problems


Lorraine felt if they showed something they all enjoyed it would


lift their spirits. Singing and dancing in Africa is so natural to


them, and they would all expressed to me they sang at weddings,


funerals, when the children were born. I had asked them all


individually whether they sung now, With the help of a music teacher


with the voices Foundation, the singing for well-being group was


formed. I was invited to go and meet these people in Woking, and I


went and that was the first time they had sung together. And that


was just an amazing time. When they started singing, I never ever


forget the one person who came in late and said, I cannot sing. And


we were singing a song, I can remember which some it was. And she


came in and sang in harmony. She was the person he said, I cannot


sing. She just sang in harmony with just a wonderful moment. And the


group went from strength to strength. They now perform in


public. Winnie now has her life back together. She is studying for


a career in mental health. She works, and has been reunited with


her two sons. Here is James. How you? Good day? Excellent. What have


you been up to? Nothing. Boring day? Yes. Oh dear. Your brother is


at the seaside. Lucky him. When he believes the singing group helped


her. When I am singing There is some healing, something in my body.


It has helped me so much, in so many ways. Sheila's life is also


back on track. She works and is studying for a diploma in mental


health. Recently she has been reunited with her daughter as well.


I saw this e-mail, is it UK Border Agency, and I was dreading a permit.


I opened it and said we are police to tell you we want you to print


your daughter. -- pleased to tell you. I screamed and cried. I cried


like they had already given her the visa. And here she is. I cannot say


everything is now 100% but the one thing I really wanted to happen has


happened, and my daughter is here It gives me a lot of hope. There is


much healing in singing. That is It is like we have all been in the


same situation coming here, I don't think anybody can say everything


was easy and it was a bed of roses, it has been difficult. With the


singing it is something I look forward to that I just forget


everything else and then I just seeing, and I'm praising God but


also making myself happy. So with all the juggling of work, what am I


going to do with money and everything, you forget about it and


you just enjoy singing and it is That is just about it for now. You


can get in touch. See next Monday. We will be investigating the


newspaper group that will not take no for an answer.


I just wanted to get them off my back. The high pressure sales


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