13/02/2012 Inside Out South


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Hello from Guildford, welcome to Inside Out. Here is what is coming


up tonight. It is tiny unit for the high street,


but have the Olympics come too late -- High Noon. It feels like it is


on the slide. It is in decline when it shouldn't be. It is a town that


is committing suicide. They have literally lost the will to live.


As passenger numbers continue to soar, we investigate the hidden


health cost of our love affair with air travel.


You can smell it, it is hanging in the air. I can feel it in the back


of my throat. And there to be subject of men with


eating disorders. Dashed to boo. My whole life was


erected around the fact I couldn't put on weight. I couldn't allow


myself to do that because that was the in the achievement I had.


Why are increasing numbers of men suffering in silence.


When they do pay car bonnet, the stigma of having an eating disorder


is quite phenomenal -- when they do First tonight, even here in


Guildford there's no getting away from the empty stores that litter


our High Street. The economy actually shrank in the last quarter


of last year. Unemployment stands at a 17 year high, 2.6 2 million,


and even the government admits the recovery is stalling. More than a


year ago we took a snapshot of our high streets in two Dorset towns.


What has changed? Although just seven miles down the road, at


Weymouth and a daughter step were worlds apart. New businesses were


opening up in the county town -- Dorchester. By the seaside it was a


different story. Shops were closing. High Street expert Geoff Burch rode


into town to give as his word. These cheaper shops are absolutely


great but they set the tone for the neighbourhood and Burlington Arcade,


it isn't. 12 months on, what has changed? Weymouth's new link road


is open and millions have been spent on the town's infrastructure


getting ready for the Olympics. While here in daughter Esther there


are also signs of change, work on the Newcastle building is under way


-- Dorchester. There is a regeneration of the old brewery


site, and there has been a name change for one shop in particular,


but is it all good news? According to the numbers, we are officially


out of recession, just, but the high street has suffered a new year


hangover as retail sales put in their worst performance in nearly


three years. Trade is down a further 22% across the South


compared with last year. How are our high streets doing now? If only


we had the same business -- business expect as last time so we


could make some of meaningful comparison. Hello. It is hard to


park here, isn't it. Expensive as well. �4. Looking a bit sad. Things


have changed, not for the better. Not changed dramatically, they have


just we did. It has got a withered feel about it. A lot of these jobs


are in the news for being in trouble. Peacocks. Blacks. That is


the trouble. When you look up here, this is a beautiful street. The


architecture is lovely, seaside, lovely. Below what are these shops,


99 p shops, cheap shops, empty shops. It is a town that is


committing suicide. They have literally lost the will to live.


Somebody will have to do something. Back in 2010 Geoff met Robin Clark


who owns Meridian Shoes. It had to branches, one in Dorchester which


was doing well and the one in Weymouth was struggling. Geoff


didn't hold back with his advice. The feel of the shop sets the theme.


You have heavily posted a half price, market trader like. We need


that for Weymouth because that is what the customers are like. They


want something cheaper. You have consciously positioned to the lower


middle. Middle, definitely not lower. 12 months on, time to find


out what has changed. Remember this? I do, nothing has changed. It


is still trading. Shall we see how tough it has been? Yes. How have


the last 12 months been? Not very good. A bad winter, getting worse.


How does Weymouth feel? It feels like it is on the slide. There is


nothing happening here, the town is in decline when it shouldn't be.


What will be your future? something isn't done, I don't think


there is a future here. If nothing is done it will slide further and


further. It is bad enough as it is. In two years' time, unless the


council get their act together and do something it is not worth


staying on. You should be able to come down here on a Sunday, bank


holiday, lots of kids, a lovely lunch and shop round the little


shops, parcels. A day at the seaside, no matter what time of the


air. It is almost like the council have put up a sign saying, stay


away. It is not just Robin who is finding trading tough. Although no


more shops have closed, 16 that still stand empty. It would be


ridiculous to say everything is fantastic and the environment is


perfect for business. My opinion is if you do what you have always


don't you get what you have always got. Unless you start to bring in


improvement and look for opportunities we will not see one.


That is not what we are about. I don't think any of the


organisation's one that. I think Weymouth will survive and thrive, I


wouldn't be here otherwise. I believe it has got potential, there


is so much we can do working with all the partners to make it a


success. Up the road in Dorchester or last


time we were here the cash registers were ringing and empty


stores were few and far between. Simon Dabbs had just closed his


shop in Weymouth but was hoping his Dorchester store could weather the


storm. It will be tough for the next 12 months, it will hopefully


be as busy as this year, if not better. I think that is all I can


expect. Despite pulling out of Weymouth to concentrate on


daughter's death, Sports Gear didn't survive. -- Dorchester s


door. We counted a dozen empty units. While still more buoyant


than Weymouth it feels times are getting tough, even for Dorchester.


Your neighbour is no longer trading. He had to give it up and he has


been with it since he was a boy. Sad to see him go. It will get


tougher before it gets better for everybody. The next 12 months was


they the same before we get a real increase. I think we will get one


because with what is happening with the town, it is getting bigger, at


the waitress development behind. If you can just Rideout and survived


the next 12 months -- Waitrose. What is the key to surviving the


storm? The high-street guru had some ideas. People in these dark


times one little luxuries, treat, they want to have their hair done


but they did want to have it in a shop with a cardboard sign in the


window, half price on Thursday. They want to be pampered. I will


make a smoked salmon sandwich for you. You feel special. You will


handover what little money you have got because you feel good. We need


to feel good. Good, small retailers can make people feel good. There is


one business in particular we featured in 22 when I am keen to


revisit. -- 2010. Karen Butler gambled everything to open her


dream a salon. Has she survive? -- has she survived? How are things?


Fortunately business is on the up. Why do you think you're doing so


well? Everybody needs a haircut. Most people need a haircut. Don't


look at me. I can still cut the side bits. It is one of those, it


is an essential thing. People might think it is a luxury, coming to a


posh salon. Also, because there is so much doom and gloom around,


people make themselves feel better by having their hair cut. A recent


survey suggests shop vacancy rates have stabilised across the South


during 2011 but with some big names going out of business it seems the


face of our high streets is set to change. It is like a little harbour


of boats hit by a hurricane. The wind passes, some boats have been


smashed to bits, some are upside down, but there is a little ray of


sunshine. The little heads are popping out the hatchet -- hash --


We are now dealing with the damage. Next, whether you like it or not


the airports in the South oryx banding and with it comes added


pollution. -- are expanding. There are concerns about the particles


emitted which some say can cause health problems. Now a pioneering


method is being developed to measure them to stop it all starts


Like it or not, here in the South, we have been earmarked for him


massive airport expansion programme. Whether it has plans for a brand


new airport of the Kent coast or expansions of Gatwick and Heathrow.


But with all those aircraft movements, there comes at a cost,


pollution, and sometimes lots of it. And that pollution may be far more


dangerous to our health then we could ever have imagined. Back in


2009, Inside Out investigated a new pollution problem in Dover. The


dangerous emissions were called ultra-fine particles and they were


being thrown out by ships in the English Channel. Here is the


evidence these tiny particles left behind. This is just one seafront


flat in Dover. Look at that! Four years ago, scientists could measure


all defined Shipping particles but when it came to airports it was


proving difficult. Difficult that is, until now. This little bit of


kit here is about to revolutionise how we measure plane pollution at


our airports. This is Copenhagen Airport in Denmark. It is the


Nordic region's biggest airport and just happens to be pretty much the


same size as Gatwick. For our purposes, that is perfect.


Copenhagen airport has for the last year been conned -- conducting a


controversial survey. Normally airports do not invite journalists


in to show how bad their pollution levels can get, but at Copenhagen


airport we have been invited to film the scientist who worked with


on the Dover programme. We can hear in the background that the engines


are starting, this is incredible, we would never have thought of this


in the middle of a highway. major source of the pollution read


in your seeing is this, and the auxiliary power unit or APU, used


to to power aircraft on the ground, APUs cookout very high levels of


ultra-fine particles. These particles are very small, they are


nanoscale, they go deeply into the lungs, and go into the finest parts


of the lungs, they are transported into the blood and moves around the


whole body. So, just how dangerous are these ultra-fine particles? And


whose health is at risk? People living close to the airport. They


might have some exposure. But the key issue here is the health


concern for the many thousands of people working in the airport all


they for long periods of their lives. Last month, Copenhagen


Airport published the results of its ultra-fine particles study, the


key finding was that pollution levels were at least three times


higher here on the tarmac than on Copenhagen's biggest city-centre


road. It is rush-hour here at Copenhagen airport and you can


smell it. It is hanging in the air, I can feel it in the back of my


throat. I, for one, would not want to work here all day every day with


the smell. The reason the Danish government and the scientists are


worried about ultra-fine particle pollution at airports is simple.


Evidence is now emerging that it could be killing people. Even the


Chief Operations Officer at Copenhagen Airport admits this.


Four years ago, to employees were diagnosed with cancer and the civil


court told us that one of the reasons was pollution. So we


decided that we wanted to find out what kind of problem we have and


the size of the problem and if there is a problem, can we do


anything about it? What are the biggest offenders for Fine particle


pollution? There are three areas, one is jet engines, that is number


one, number two is APUs, the power units in the aircraft, and number


three is the different types of equipment like tractors and so worn


that used on the ground by ground The flat in the Copenhagen suburb


but I had have come to was supposed to be a retirement pad, truth is


it's nearly became Birger Kristensen's final home. I got


cancer in the airport. It was a particle from the power, we call it


APU, it creates electricity. Auxiliary power units? Yes.


Sometimes they run and we can smell it, it is not good. Lucky to be


alive, Birger Kristensen is one of two baggage handlers who developed


bladder cancer. When the cancer was attributed to being most likely


caused by years in hailing airport pollution his story made the


newspapers and prompted the airport to measure its fine particle


pollution levels. So what can be done to protect workers? Copenhagen


have just invested in a new fleet of electric baggage carts, to


replace the old diesel ones. But more needs to be done, especially


about the APUs. Copenhagen Airport is without doubt a trailblazer. It


is the first airport in the world to admit that ultra-fine particles


levels could be a serious danger to health. Now they want other


airports to sit up, listen and learn. For starters, the problem of


APU pollution can easily be rectified if pilots stop running


the engines once they have parked. Here, in the UK, at Gatwick for


example, there are no legal requirements to measure for Ultra


Fine particle levels. We do not know how bad the problem is, or


even if it is impacting on airport worker health. Are you surprised


that we just do not seem to measure for these ultra-fine particles in


the UK at Heathrow or at Gatwick? In one way, I am. Because large


airports like Gatwick and Heathrow, they should have followed the


debate and made some screening measurements as we have done here


in Copenhagen. On the other hand, there are no limit values, so they


are not forced to make these measurements. Meaning that if they


only want to do exactly what they are forced to do by law, you cannot


blame them that they do not measure ultra-fine particles. Copenhagen


have really led the way and that is commendable, we hope we will get


the same sort of corporation when we raised the subject with the


principle aviation experts across the UK. I hope they are as co-


operative with us at looking at this study and evaluating the


results and deciding how we move forward. So, what are the UK's two


biggest airports going to do about ultra-fine particle pollution? Well,


Gatwick's owners went camera shy and referred us to their umbrella


organisation for. As for BAA, the owners of Heathrow, it was the same


answer. I am afraid we cannot comment on this one, please talk to


hour umbrella organisation, you guessed it, these people, the


Airport Operators Association. They This year, the European Union will


fund further research into ultra- fine particle pollution at airports.


As far as the Danish scientists are concerned, the quicker other


airports realise how dangerous ultra-fine particles can be, the


better. I hope other airports will stop just hiding, stop saying there


is no problem, and start investigating the problem and


Finally tonight, when was the last time you were shocked by an image


of a man looking painfully thin? It seems we only worry about women


with eating disorders for but a growing number of men are suffering,


too. Is enough being done to help them?


It is Sunday afternoon and John Evans is catching up with his mates.


He looks like a fit and healthy 31- year-old, but a year ago his life


was very different. In fact, it was almost over. John is recovering


from anorexia. My whole life had to be directed around the fact that I


could not put on weight. I could not allow myself to do that because


it was the only thing that was good about me, the only achievement I


had was that I was thin. When you think about eating disorders, you


usually think about young girls trying to achieve the impossible


size zero figure. I have two children and I worry about my


daughter feeling under pressure to lose weight, but I have never


worried about my son. But maybe I should. Eating disorders like


anorexia and bulimia affect over one million people in this country.


There is a false assumption that it is only women or gay men that it


develop the illness, but numbers of men with disorders are increasing,


regardless of sexuality. John's problems started when he was just


eight years old, he was bullied at school and picked on about his


weight. I felt that I had to change. I thought I had to meet other


people's a expectations rather than waiting for them to stop bullying


me or to accept me for who I was. When John was at university, his


eating disorder became much worse. Finally, he decided to see his


doctor. He was dangerously ill, his liver and kidneys were failing and


he was diagnosed as anorexics. So, why are more and more men


developing eating disorders? What causes a man to get one in the


first place and why do so many men who Wighill the feel they are let


down by the medical profession? -- who are ill. Men are less likely to


read the symptoms as an eating disorder. Likewise, when they do


pick upon them, the stigma of having an eating disorder as a man


is quite phenomenal and it is very difficult for men, sometimes, to


even acknowledge it to themselves to the point where they would speak


to their GP or somebody about it. But it is not just the men who were


suffering, it is their families too. Jenny Langley is the mother of six


children. Her son, Joe, was training for the cross country


runner, his training got out of control and he rapidly lost weight.


Jenny knew something was wrong and to come to the GP. The doctor had


never seen Joe because he was fit and healthy. He checked him over


and his heart rate was fine, his pulse was fine, he gave him a


physical examination and said what a lovely six-pack he had an said


don't mothers farce? I was a bit put off, I thought it was


embarrassing, I thought maybe I was wrong, there was not anything going


on. But Joe continued to over exercise and lost more weight. He


was tested for Crohn's disease, cancer and leukaemia but only when


these were ruled out was he eventually diagnosed with acute


anorexia. Joe needed in-patient treatment but there were no beds


available. We came home, sat on the sofa, his face went green and he


said, mummy, I really do not feel very well. You could see he was


disappearing, so I took him straight back to the doctor and he


was sat in the surgery with his head like this, almost unconscious.


We had to rush him to Pembrey and they put him on a drip. Basically


he was so dehydrated that his whole body was basically shutting down,


his heart was basically stopping. You obviously knew as a mother, as


a woman, what signs to lookout in - a lookout for in it and anorexics.


How much of a surprise was it to identify that in a son rather than


a daughter? It was such a shock, we felt so isolated because we thought


we must be the only family in the world with a boy who had anorexia.


So not only do you have the guilt and fear that comes with anorexia,


you feel ashamed, you feel really ashamed. Joe has now fully


recovered from his anorexia and study sport at university. That


anorexia is not the only eating disorder affecting men. Bulimia,


which involves bingeing and purging is a big problem, too. Sam Thomas


develop the illness at 13 as a result of being bullied at school.


By the time he was 18, it had taken of every part of his life.


bulimia was quite severe rap that point, it was causing me all kinds


of issues, not just health wise but also socially, my relationships, my


career, it consumes everything. I explained that to the doctor but


still, it seemed -- it was seen to be depression, I was Proton Prozac


and on the waiting list for counselling. But it was when I


reflected that I realised there was some kind of injustice that needed


to be addressed. Some decided he wanted to help others, from his


home in Hove he set up the only national charity to help men with


eating disorders. When I first started the project, to be honest,


I was almost slightly annoyed at the fact that men were so ignored.


But as time has gone on and I have spoken to more men who are


suffering and carers, I realise that absolutely there is a sense of


achievement in that and I think it is important that this work


continues, we do not raise awareness for five-minute and it


gets forgotten again. So what can be done? Journey is taking her


experience in two schools in Kent. Persuading teenage girls and boys


to discuss body image and hoping to raise their self-confidence. A few


realise how much the media distorts everything and then feat that back


in to pressure that the boys have themselves, they are much more


likely to be self-confident in their own body and they are not


likely to try and aspire to something they cannot achieve.


While recovering in hospital, John rooted diary. It has just been


published. He hopes it will persuade men with eating disorders


to seek help quickly and not have to come close to death before


realising what their problem is. Maybe there is someone out there


like this -- like me, who might seek my book and recognise


something in there and it might stop them from going through what I


went through and maybe they will go through their GP and the wheels


will get set in motion a lot quicker than they were with me and


they will not have to live their twenties like they did not happen.


That is just about it for now. Don't forget if you think you have


a story for me, drop me an e-mail. See you next Monday.


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