12/11/2012 Inside Out South


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Hello from the New Forest. Welcome to Inside Out. Here's what is


coming up. Cold callers are cashing in on global warming. How not to


get your fingers burned on carbon credits.


More attacks on arteries as Britain tries to tackle problem diseases


and problem pests. If we don't act soon, we will end up with a


landscape which is just like a scrub, almost.


And underwater archaeology. Unique clues to life in prehistoric


southern England. The first waves of colonisation are following the


last Ice Age. It is the backbone to British history. This is Inside Out


First tonight, we're always told we should your bit to save the planet.


So if somebody says you can do just that and make a bit of money, you


might be tempted. Welcome to the world of carbon trading. A world


that is causing some people to see red over going green. The


temperature is rising and the planet is heating up. Experts say a


major factor is the production of greenhouse gases, predominantly


carbon dioxide. As we try to wean ourselves of fossil fuels, sea


levels are rising and vast areas of the Earth are turning to dust. Time


is running out. We have discovered a Winchester company cashing in on


the planet's pride by ripping off people with carbon credits. Enviro


Associates could be damaging an industry which is tackling global


warming. There are many ways of tackling climate change. Gone is


carbon credits, where companies in effect a make up for the pollution


they create -- one hears. A carbon credit is the equivalent of one


Cuba tonne of carbon dioxide. The cash paid for it is usually


invested in environmentally friendly and ethically responsible


project. Indoor air pollution kills 2 million people a year. Projects


like this Africa and coke stove which was paid for by carbon


credits. -- Pook stove. -- cook. It uses 80 % less would then be


regular fire. The accumulative emissions from something like this


are huge, all the way across the developing world. The stoves help


to prevent the deforestation and cut down on respiratory disease,


the biggest killer in the Third World. So, with carbon credits, who


is buying them? Usually, it is extremely responsible companies who


have already reduced as much as they possibly can internally, and


they want to take responsibility for their residual emissions.


Everyone from car manufacturers like Land Rover to large


supermarkets, down to small businesses and individuals. Carbon


finance is making a real difference in the lives of some of the poorest


people in the world on the planet today. But where somebody is doing


some good, there is always somebody trying to ruin the party. Tony


knows all about carbon credits. He was called called by in London


company -- called called. You're doing your bit for the environment.


Are these people? Absolutely nothing for the environment.


Everything to try to enrich themselves as -- at other people's


expenses. They are targeting older men, and rarely women. They are


targeting older people with money because they believe things and


they're more trusting. All the people tend to have savings.


there are also quite clever because there is this feel good about


helping the environment. Yes, you're helping something that is


green, you're helping combat global warming and doing all these


wonderful things. Of course, you're not, you're putting huge sums of


money into their pockets. Wonderful, thank you very much. Meet Luke Ryan.


His very proud of his green credentials. -- he is. It's Luke


Ryan. He is director of Enviro Associates, and he's got a great


idea to make a lot of money. The Financial Services Authority has


recently warned the public to be aware of cold calls from


salespeople offering carbon credits as an investment, because it is


just too complicated. But that hasn't stopped Luke Ryan of Enviro


Associates of Southgate Street herein Winchester from selling


carbon credits. One of his salesmen cold called a producer and claimed


carbon credits were an investment opportunity not to be missed.


still on a promotional offer, �5.50. What will they be worth when they


come to sell them? They have to sell at �16, so we could


potentially per share prices up, possibly to �14. We believe Enviro


Associates and Luke Ryan were misleading us, but over have been


floating the prices of their carbon credits. -- by over in plating. So


we arranged a meeting with blue choir, he thought we had �10,000 to


spend. -- with Luke Ryan. We showed our findings to Edward Hanrahan, a


member of the legitimate Cup and Industry. At first, Luke Ryan is


difficult to pin down. An expert is not impressed if. That is


absolutely not true. He is creating a figure which is 100 times more


than the actual figure. Luke Ryan finally gets into his stride and


offers are husband-and-wife team a discount of one pound 50 on the


retail price of �7. It's not that we couldn't sell them at �7, but


surely it is more attractive but bypass 50? So if we have got the


opportunity to sell the match by pounds 50, we want to get excited -


- sell them at �5.50. What an offer. Credits for that particular


projects fell from 25p but town up to about 90p per tonne -- fell.


but he is quitting seven how stunned �5.50 because it is a


special discount? �7 -- he is quoting �7 down to �5.54. In a


year's time, it could be 12, �13. would be absolutely amazed if it


was even �5.50 in a year's time. It is not worth that now, it is only


worth between 20p and 90p. Just because you're paying that much for


something, doesn't mean it is worth bypass 50. -- a -- �5.50. What


these guys are doing is asking you to buy it bottle of milk today


because there will be a world milk shortage in 10 years' time.


Although Luke Ryan makes it clear the sale of carbon credits is


unregulated, he says are many will be held at in an account protected


by the Financial Services Authority. This is completely untrue. It is


something extra to help build a bit of trust and confidence and


security with purchasing carbon credits. Nick Ryan has got a lot of


upfront claiming the financial- services authority will protect


your money -- you acquired. He was previously banned by the FSA for


selling shares using high-pressure phone techniques. The FSA said he


and his fellow directors would pose a serious risk if they were to act


as senior managers in an authorised firm. And then there is this, the


internet advert which claims their company is regulated by the


Financial Services Authority. The very organisation that has warned


against businesses just like his. Enviro Associates agreed the


internet advert is misleading, and say they have removed it. They say:


They also say they use the services provided by a company which is


regulated to emphasise the integrity and validity of their


Enviro Associates justified its price market by comparing carbon


credits to Milken a supermarket -- price Markup by comparing carbon


credits to milk in a supermarket. It makes me very annoyed because it


is giving a very bad name to a highly valuable part of the fight


against climate change. To create community-based projects that


alleviate poverty and deliver real increases in public health. That is


what the voluntary carbon market is really designed to do. People are


told that they will make fantastic gains and some of them, the victims,


their critical faster -- faculty's get switched off. They are blind to


anything else, and that is what these guys were riled. Ultimately,


as long as people are going to believe the unbelievable, this sort


of thing is going to happen. It is disgraceful. They should go to


And if you think you have got a story for me, you know the e-mail.


Next, the New Forest is one of our most loved ancient woodlands. As


the government tries to stop the spread of ash dieback disease, some


aspect -- experts are saying more should have been done sooner. They


say are other threats to our trees are not being taken seriously


They made England green and pleasant. They give first seasons


of colour. They have been with us since we were children. And they


are even planted in memory of our loved ones. Trees are essential to


life as we know it. Every routes, every branch, has an important role


to play. There is a hidden threat, something silently killing, often


going unnoticed. If we are dead act sooner we will end up with and


landscape that looks like a moonscape. Pests and diseases are


threatening the very existence of the trees we laugh. This year 4,500


trees in Kent have had to be felled and burnt. The cause of all this


destruction is the people around three centimetres long. It is


called the Asian longhorn beetle and it is thought to have travelled


here on wood packaging imported from China. It is not fussy, will


go for anything. The only trees that have escaped, eight hectors,


are, first, eucalyptus and English oak. Everything else has gone.


beetle larvae cause the damage by burying inside the park and eating


would -- inside the bark and eating the wood. It is the most


destructive tree best UK has had to face. Both the Forestry Commission


and Food and Environment Agency are desperate to stop it spreading.


They have even brought in sniffer dogs from Austria to hunt down any


traces of the insect that may remain. In 2009 we started with


detection with dogs. The visual control is not enough for the


detection. Why has there been an increase in the number of pests and


diseases entering our country over the past few years. Many believe it


is due to be allowance of free trade between European Union


countries. You have free trade between nations, so the normal


strict quarantine rules are modified and slackened, to allow


this to happen. You get free trade in goods and services which what


Brussels wants, but you get freed - - free trade in pests and diseases.


Is the government doing enough? Martin what is responsible for core


mating plant health policy across the UK. You are in charge of


containing the crisis. We have always had new arrivals, it would


be impossible to keep everything out. We consult every year and


several new pests and diseases we have found, and we target action


against those which cause the most damage. We'd certainly agree we


need to get better at anticipating threats. Why not have stricter


restrictions on imported plants or material, one of quarantine them?


We have to be able to justify any controls, controls or movements


between the EU or imports from third countries on the basis of


scientific evidence and we have to consult all the stakeholders that


might be affected. People were to be able to move plants around the


world, import exotic plants, it is not so simple as to be able to stop


all trade. But they are importing pillars of our tree population.


That is justification, surely? need to make sure we are importing


goods without the pests. These pests and diseases are threatening


our landscape and commercial woodland. There was a bigger risk.


It is not just the tree's health, it is our health as well. Another


test is the a procession remark. If it is thought to have arrived on a


truce from the Dutch nursery been 2005. If the infested trees had


eggs on the branches which are very hard to spot, even with an expert


eye. Once hatched the caterpillar produces thousands of toxic tears.


They can kill animals, give people a nasty rash, and in rare cases


caused much more serious symptoms. You can get severe itching,


dermatitis, pharyngitis, laryngitis. There are cases where there are


schools in Germany where they are frightened to open the windows for


their pupils in summer because they are frightened of the toxic tears


coming in. In Bromley in Kent there has been an outbreak and this tree


surgeon is working to control it. Some trees are completely clean.


The tree next to it could have 60, 70 nests. On this site so far we


have removed in excess of 1,200 nests. So far it has been treated


as a tree on problem so all the actions are being led by the


Forestry Commission but on the Continent it is treated as public


health issue. If something is treated as a public health issue


that automatically increases the political will, the resources


available, public awareness, which will then help manage it.


Germany the government pays for the removal of oak possession room off,


but in the UK if you find a nest in your garden you have to take to


remove it. Local authorities have to pay if it is in a public place.


Dr Ma but police this cost means action is often avoided. If the


government spent a few hundred �1,000 backing 2060 control some


infected trees in Ealing and Richmond look at the savings they


could have made it has been in this country for six years. If you are


taken swift action we would be the situation we're in now. You can


always do more and we have to work with it the resources we have


available. The action that has been taken on a procession him off with


landowners is working at limiting the spread on a now. We don't


expect to be eradicated from west London but we are intending to live


at the stroke -- bread. Now ash dieback has been discovered in the


UK countryside. Maybe it is time to be more vigilant when it comes to


protecting trees from unwelcome pests and diseases. Like millions


of people in this country I love the native woodlands. I was say to


people the way things are going, if you appreciate you wouldn't, one to


remember what they look like, you get have a look at them now because


the way things are going they will look completely different 20 years'


time for. Have you ever wondered what lurks beneath the Solent?


Would you believe, a vast ancient world there was once inhabited by


humans. Fighter called for me, so we sent John MacIntyre Downer --


far too cold for me. -- we sent a MacIntyre down there.


These marine archaeologists are heading into the sea and I am


filming the dive. It is a rare opportunity to investigate the


unique underwater site. The team know they were in a race against


time to collect vital clues about the origins of British life. We are


heading to the north-west coast of the Isle of Wight, to the site of a


settlement that existed 8,000 years ago, when the Continent and Britain


were still linked, and the English Channel had yet to be formed. Most


of this water was once land. But then the sea level raised and it


disappeared under the waves. Divers from the Hampshire Trust for


maritime archaeology a working tirelessly to uncover evidence of


civilisation, Bury for thousands of years by a protective blanket of


sediment. -- buried. In the cold murky Solent waters the site is now


under threat because of a regime. Today we are working on the site


there was a land bridge to the Isle of Wight and joint to France


further down. This is a river valley, there was a campsite near


it, people swapping flints for things, hunter-gatherers. They


found huts, or kicking things, -- cooking things. The site is about


200 metres long. A we will get down, get orientated, and then... Gary


has been directing the investigation for 15 years. This is


about 30 centimetres deep, and on the base a few more pieces of


Mesolithic, middle stone-age work. Quo vulnerable on the floor, this


The evidence of this archaeological mystery and a busy first came to


light in the 1970s when there was in oyster fishing industry of the


Isle of Wight. The fishermen brought up artifacts in their


catches, which proved a revelation to the maritime community. I was


astonished at the things they will finding, it was another world. I


think I have been misled by so many people by the map. You just see


blue UN up and think it is a liquid plane. It is hills and valleys


under the water. The oyster fishing industry was incredibly boring, and


in the winter and cold and wet, and to spice this up anything that came


up in the dredge that wasn't an oyster and looks interesting kept


us occupied. Did use of thing to lookout. Including this sort of the


rich are up Mesolithic flint axes. They gave us the thrill, when you


pick one of these out of the dredger, hoping to get it before


the jet working alongside you get it, you're the first person to


judge that from 6,000 BC, 1000 years ago, still gives me a thrill


now, actually, holding it here today. We have arrived at this


ancient site which we are about to die for. The idea is city marketed


their evidence throughout the day which will help them put together


this jigsaw puzzle to find out exactly what charity lived here all


those thousands of years ago. The tides and currents of the Solent


are notoriously strong. So the dive to have to work in especially


challenging conditions. Gary uses an in-built microphone to talk us


through what he finds. We have 1,000 think about 10 metres long.


It is still lying here after 1000 years. If it was alive today you


would see some branches sticking out the water. The tree was part of


a vast forest, Gary has brought up pieces of wood to examine back in


the lab. Some of it resembles parts of a log boat or canoe, all of us


suggesting this was once a significant but building site. --


boat-building. But Gary is also interested in taking sediment from


the sea bed itself to give us more clues about what went on. It is


difficult -- getting difficult than here. The tide has picked up and


The fall Gary the results of their dive amount to nothing more than


finding a time capsule. We started off here with a layer, Arnold Lunn


surface. That is where we are finding the evidence. There appears


to be some kind of flood a build-up of sediment, year on year, then


going back in time to this one here, 8,100 and. The final inundation was


7990 years ago and then you get to a bit beyond here to repeat --


reveal this deposit which has got compressed on the seabed. I have


got another sample which came with it. This is the same sample, Pete,


it is like breaking open a fossil. All these layers of branches and


you even get leaves preserved in a stable environment, see how well


that has been preserved. It have been buried a few weeks ago. It is


compacted, you are not put a bit. That is a bit of Bach. -- Bach. You


don't find this on land, this material, this is well under the


water in its depths. As well as natural vegetation there are also


it -- they are also finding material that has been worked by


human hands. This charcoal, the fat lots and lots of it. They have been


heating or carbonised in the wood, burning it, so they could Pricket


and fashion it said the work there would with a flint tools. The start


of the industrial process. Laws of evidence indicating we have got an


industrial site. Changes in the structure of the sea bed itself


mean the site is now rapidly eroding. The divers need to find


out as much as they can before the story of the last people to live


It is a site that is revealing information about a period in


history we know little about. about the people that came and


occupied Britain before we separated from north-west Europe.


It is the first waves of colonisation, following the last


Ice Age. It is the backbone to John MacIntyre there, last seen


heading for a very hot bath. I will see you next week for more stories


We investigate the serial fraudster who has been posing as a reality TV


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