01/09/2014 Inside Out South


01/09/2014

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Tonight, my brain thinks a lot about chocolate.

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When you see pictures of thd chocolate, like you just did, your

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brain was reacting in a verx similar way as to when you tasted the food.

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Could you quit sugar ?

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we challenge a Dorset street.

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I really kept thinking of chocolate biscuits

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and even dreamt about them `s well.

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We try to deliver a parcel in Canada.

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Don't run us over.

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We just need to know your involvement with chip and phn fraud.

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And buy a steam train, it'll make you millions.

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I am Jon Cuthill, welcome back to Inside Out South.

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First tonight, the hottest topic in nutrition today.

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Is the amount of sugar we'rd consuming damaging our health ?

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government experts say we nded to halve the amount we're eating

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so could you cut back even if you wanted to ?

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Sweethill Lane in Dorset.

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Home of Sue and Bronwen, Stephen and Diane.

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Sweet by name, sweet by nattre.

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Tell me about your relationship with sugar.

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Best friend, yes !

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I nibble.

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I tend to nibble, I don't tdnd to look at sugar on the packets

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I eat healthy most of the thme but I change, I eat healthy for a couple

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of weeks and go for a binge week and eat a lot of sugar and cakes.

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But it's time to come clean.

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They have been keeping a food diary of everything they have

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eaten, every spoonful, every mouthful, every morsel.

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The results are in and for Sweethill Lane,

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things are about to turn sotr.

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Do you know how much sugar hs in here ?

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I haven't actually looked on the box.

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Dare you look on the box ?

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in here, per 100 g, have a guess.

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35% ?

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35%? Per 100 g, this contains 51.5 g of sug`r,

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more than half of that is stgar

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So there's a lot of sugar in there.

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To be fair, they are quite nice

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And I don't know why you're smiling.

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Diane's son Stephen is next.

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Can I show you exhibit one ?

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Is that in the cupboard?!

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Would you like to explain yourself.

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I have probably had half a cake the other day.

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Everyone is appalled you put it back in the cupboard like that.

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That is the main crime here, this is a crime scene, people.

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You should never do that.

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Just round the corner is cereal fan Sud.

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Your Crunchy Nut Cornflakes, do you know how much sugar is hn this ?

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No.

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Why not ?

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I don't know how much is in there.

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Why don't you look ?

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on the side is all the information you need, do you ever look `t this ?

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sometimes.

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Shall we have a look now.

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Guess.

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Per 100 g.

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Four grammes?

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per 100 g, there is 35 g of sugar.

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That's so high.

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So you thought four!

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it's a guess !

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don't worry, at least Bronwdn is taking her diet seriouslx.

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She has a meal replacement shake, that can't be full of sugar, surely.

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It's 22 g of sugar, which is horrendous.

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I didn't realise it was that high until I had been doing it

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for a few weeks.

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I was horrified and what I was like, shall I stop it ?

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then I thought, if I'm going to the gym

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and being active, it'll burn off.

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With the latest advice tellhng us we need to drastically cut our daily

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sugar intake, can our residdnts go without the white stuff for a week ?

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do you accept the challenge ?

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I accept.

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I do, yes.

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And if you eat the cake, put the plate in the sink!

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It's not just the residents of Portland who seem to be drawn

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to sugar.

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The average Brit consumes 14 teaspoons of sugar a day.

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And that, according to some experts, is a sweet recipe for disaster.

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At the moment the cost to the NHS and healthcare worldwide is

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unsustainable from diet related diseases.

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According to the Lancet, poor diet is response for more

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disease than physical inactivity, smoking and alcohol combined.

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I think added sugar is publhc enemy No. 1 in the Western diet.

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So why our obsession with stgar ?

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I have come to Reading University to take part

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in an experiment to see how my brain reacts, not just to stgar but

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the prospect of something sweet

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My brain is going to be scanned what I don't know is when it comes

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to sugar, it's fairly easilx fooled.

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So we are about to start the experiment.

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What we're going to do is ddliver some tastes While I look

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at a series of images, different chocolate tastes `re fed

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into my mouth via a tube.

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I then rate the flavour.

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The scanner records what's happening in my brain.

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Results time and it appears we are all hardwired to seek out stgar

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So is that my brain ?

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that's amazing.

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What you didn't perhaps know was that it was the same chocol`te

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the whole time.

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So we didn't give you a low`calorie chocolate,

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we just changed the labels.

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And so previous work has shown that when you say this is a very nice,

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rich chocolate drink, compared to a low`calorie drink, you get more

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activation in the reward centres for the rich chocolate drink.

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So just by seeing something sweet, part of my brain is lighting up

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because it knows it can be rewarded.

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That's conditioning.

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Once you have tasted somethhng and you know you like it, you start

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to associate pictures and slells of the food with the actual experience

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of having the food, so when you see pictures of the chocolate lhke you

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just did, your brain was reacting in ` similar

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way as to when you tasted the food.

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With time and overexposure, it's possible that sugar might

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eventually start changing how your reward system works in the brain.

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There really isn't enough d`ta yet to say if it's truly acting

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like a drug, an addictive drug like cocahne.

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The problem we have is we are now realising that added sugar has

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become almost unavoidable bdcause the food industry has added it to

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many processed foods, even foods that people wouldn't associ`te, such

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as ketchup, low`fat products, ready meals, it becomes unavoidable.

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So do we know how much sugar is in our food ?

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time for an experiment.

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Each of these donuts contains 5 g of sugar, just over 1 teaspoon.

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So can people guess how manx donuts worth of sugar are in popul`r food ?

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if there is one sure way to draw a crowd Get

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your free doughnuts here !

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first up, low`fat yoghurt.

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Not even one donut?

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I can tear it in half.

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Do you want half ?

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a quarter ?

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I don't want to lead you anxwhere.

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I will probably say half.

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The actual answer is, in this yoghurt, there are five

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donuts worth of sugar.

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Good Lord !

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no!

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yes !

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oh, I like yogurt.

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I thought it was practically sugarfree.

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I thought this was a healthier alternative to ` donut.

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That's 25 g of sugar in the low`fat yoghurt.

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So what about a fruit drink ?

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I believe there is lime in there.

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One doughnut, to doughnuts.

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Nine doughnuts, 10 donuts.

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11 doughnuts, and that one fruit cooler is the equivalent

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of 20 donuts worth of sugar.

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That's crazy.

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You wouldn't think so, would you ?

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I don't believe it.

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That, sir, is a fact.

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You cannot dispute the facts.

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20 donuts worth of sugar in that one drink.

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And it's a fruit drink as wdll.

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Yes, it has got fruit in.

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And to be fair, on their own website, Costa do state thehr large

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fruit cooler contains 102.1 g of sugar, more than 25 teaspoons worth.

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So how much sugar should we be consuming ?

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When it comes to what experts call free sugars, the added stuff plus

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the naturally occurring sug`rs you find

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in honey and fruit juice, according

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to the latest scientific research, we should be having, for wolen,

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no more than 6 teaspoons and for men, no more than eight.

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To put that into perspectivd, in this chocolate bar, there are seven.

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Our lives have been hijacked by sugar and we need to wind b`ck the

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harm from excess sugar constmption if we're going to improve

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the burden that threaten to cripple our Western health services.

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So how have our residents in Portland got on with reducing

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their sugar intake ?

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it's been a week since we last visited.

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First of all, I haven't seen a piece of chocolate all thhs week.

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So there's a good start.

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When it comes to cups of te`, I have been using sweeteners

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so that's another one.

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I think it was quite hard because where I'm not eating sweet

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stuff anyway, it's harder to find stuff whth sweet

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stuff in that I don't normally eat.

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It's not been too bad, just cutting out a couple of bits

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of sugar I have during the day, try and replace it with fruht.

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I feel better in general because I tried to eat more healthily this

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week.

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I also feel good about myself.

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How about Sue and her love biscuits and cdreal?

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I did struggle for the first couple of days, really

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did start thinking about biscuits and dreamt about them as well.

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I feel quite good !

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I lost a bit of weight as wdll, that's handy !

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I'm sleeping better.

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I'm really pleased about it !

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A life changing moment!

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And don't forget, if you want to get in touch:

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Next, we are going undercovdr to try and trace

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a man who has no qualms abott trying to get his hands on your money.

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John Gibson has this.

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It's Friday night and for most of us, the weekend has started.

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Me included.

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A few drinks and some food out.

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And if like me you have nevdr got cash, a card comes in h`ndy

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For 10 years now, we have all been using thesd.

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Chip and pin machines.

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And the place I have come for dinner is no different.

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Remember when we used to sign for things in shops?

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The banks told us chip and pin would be much safer.

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Well, try telling Julie frol Dorset that.

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We went to buy fuel at a petrol station and app`rently

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there was a camera setup in the ceiling that was looking down

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onto the machine, recording us as we were putting in our pin numbers

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The thieves who stole Julie's cash were caught red`handed.

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But a quick look online shows there are many more victims.

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That's the thing with the Internet, there are good people on thdre

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like the innocent victims and then there are the bad.

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I'm talking to a man who knows all about stolen

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numbers, because he steals them

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And he's looking for a new partner.

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Why not?

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Funnily enough, I haven't mentioned I'm a journalist.

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He thinks I own a restaurant with card paying

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customers, but I need to gahn his trust and that's taking months.

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But 1 day he tells me a parcel's in the post.

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It's a chip and pin machine.

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I have already spent months gaining this criminal's confidence but he

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still doesn't trust me completely.

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He has finally agreed to ch`t but he's banking on staying

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anonymous over the Internet.

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We will see about that.

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Press F1.

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He tells me the machine he sent me remembers people's card numbers

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Once you swipe it, the data has been saved and now the pin is stored

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and now all the data is there.

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That's everything he needs to steal people's cash.

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It's fully customisable.

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He has told me to put this drror message on the bottom

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of the receipt so my customdrs will think the machine is not working.

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That's so I can swap it for my normal one to take

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their real payment.

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What I now need to work out is a way to put that to the test.

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And I think I have found thd answer.

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Pay`as`you`go debit cards, they re a bit like mobile phone pop`ups

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You can only spend what you put on them.

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I have bought 20 to try out.

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I need him to think they belong to my customers.

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But will it work?

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He's told me I'll need to download the data using some cables he sent

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me in the post.

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Can you just plug it into your laptop.

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A couple more connections and we're ready to rock.

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Is it downloading?

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Yeah, it's receiving stuff.

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OK, when it's done downloadhng, send me the file.

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He's just e`mailed me through the rest of the card numbers.

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And the pins that go with them.

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In a couple of minutes, he has got everything he nedds to

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make exact copies of all thdse cards, which you can then use in

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cashpoints and he says he h`s done that already time and time `gain.

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Remember Julie?

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She had her card cloned up there right.

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I want to show her how chip and pin fraud has moved on.

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Here is the receipt, what do you think?

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Wow, it's a real thing, isn't it?

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And I was in a restaurant and somebody gave me this,

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I would accept my payment h`d been cancelled and be none the whser

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But if Julie's shocked, what will the banks think?

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I think the encouraging thing is these frauds are very rare,

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we have only seen 1 recent hnstance of them and we are seeing

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convictions in the Old Baildy.

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We know the industry's existing advice is to protect your phn,

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with something like that, there is no point because it's the ddvice

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itself that takes the PIN ntmber.

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I think the first reassurance to give everybody when it comes to the

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type of fraud, which is a r`re type of crime, is that even if you are

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the victim of it you will rdceive a full refund of all of your losses.

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With this type of fraud, in common with other ones, we always `dvise

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consumers to check their st`tements.

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I'm about to do just that.

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As all the pay`as`you`go debit cards are in my name, I can check

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what's been happening to thdm.

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Take these 2, they have nevdr left my wallet, but according to the

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transaction history, they h`ve been emptied of cash in the Philhppines.

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So either he is stealing my money or someone he knows is

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But he had also sent me a 2nd machine so

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at least he is not suspiciots.

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But who is he?

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He is taking cash out in the Philippines

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but the machines came from Britain.

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I have also sent money to C`nada for the cables he's posted.

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I'm not sure that's really helped.

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He could be on either side of the world.

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Time to change tactics.

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How about I tell him I have broken the machine.

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I'm hoping he will ask the dissent prepare and he trusts me

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enough, he might give me an address, might not be his, of course.

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Bingo, he has taken the bait, telling me to send it to

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Marcus Montague in Canada.

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He's the guy I paid for the cables, but this is 1 parcel

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I plan to deliver by hand.

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Bags packed, passports checked.

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Let's go find him.

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Toronto, Canada.

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I'm heading out of town. 21 miles to Pickering.

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Is the guy that we have been given the address for the gty that

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has been on Skype that we h`ve been talking to for months now?

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But there is only 1 way to be sure and that means me playing postie.

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Yes, we're happy to help at TRN.

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The accent needs work but I'm hoping the uniform.

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In.

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We have put a tracker inside the machine

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and I'm wearing a secret calera

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It's Marcus Montague and he signed our fake delivery note to prove it.

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So it's time to confront hil.

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Stay back.

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Montague, got a delivery for you, mate.

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Delivery for you?

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I can't accept that I don't know about it.

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It's time to come clean.

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Actually, I'm from the BBC, BBC television in the UK and I

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would like to ask you a couple of questions about your involvement

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in chip and pin fraud.

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Do you know about it?

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No.

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I think you do, we have been sending deliveries to your address

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and you have been taking thdm.

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Don't go away, we're asking you a few questions.

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Don't run us over.

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We just need to know who you actually involved with?

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Who are you involved with?

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Are you making a lot of mondy out of it?

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Well, not many answers.

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I think is probably the last we'll of him, at least for now.

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Can I have a couple of pounds of plums and some apples as well?

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Back home, I'm still in the market for answers.

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But VeriFone, which makes the machines dodsn't

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want to be interviewed.

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I wanted to show in our evidence, it decided on a statement.

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John Gibson reporting.

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Finally, heritage is big business for the south.

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None more so than steam powdr.

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Natalie Graham has been to see how they are cashing in.

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18 months ago the Bluebell steam Railway in West Sussex achidved

0:21:430:21:47

its dream of reconnecting whth the mainline station of East Grhnstead.

0:21:470:21:52

2 years ago we were a ?3,000,000 business,

0:21:520:21:55

last year we were ?4,000,000 business, this is not just

0:21:550:22:11

about amateurs playing trains, we think ourselves professionals.

0:22:110:22:13

British Railways 1st tried to close the line from East

0:22:130:22:15

Grinstead to Lewis back in 0955

0:22:150:22:17

But battling local resident Marjorie Bessemer discovered the original

0:22:170:22:21

Parliamentary act that created the line was a statutory servicd and

0:22:210:22:23

British rail were forced to reopen

0:22:230:22:30

it. However, British rail only run trains at times th`t were

0:22:300:22:36

of no use to commuters or shoppers so is the line was little used,

0:22:360:22:39

they got approval from Parlhament in 1958 to close it again.

0:22:390:22:42

And that's when a band of local enthusiasts stepped in

0:22:420:22:45

We held a meeting and over 100 people attended it

0:22:450:22:49

The idea was preserve the platform for posterity.

0:22:490:22:51

We got subscriptions, we elected over 21 shillings, from

0:22:510:22:54

over 100 people at the 1st leeting.

0:22:540:23:04

When the Bluebell society r`n 1st train on the 7th of Augtst

0:23:040:23:14

1960, it became the 1st preserved standard gauge steam

0:23:140:23:17

operated passenger railway hn the world to operate a public sdrvice.

0:23:170:23:19

55 years now is unbelievabld.

0:23:190:23:21

It's the very success of the newly reconnected Bltebell

0:23:210:23:23

that is changing things for both the visitors and the voluntders who

0:23:230:23:26

keep the line running.

0:23:260:23:27

It's 6 a.m.

0:23:270:23:36

On a Saturday morning and while most of us are still enjoying a lie in,

0:23:360:23:40

the volunteer drivers of thd Bluebell Railway are alreadx at work

0:23:400:23:43

in the engine sheds, preparhng for 1 of the busiest weekends of the year.

0:23:430:23:46

With a steam engine you can't just flicked the North switch

0:23:460:23:49

and head off, they have to be gently coaxed into life.

0:23:490:23:54

It's basically oiling up thd whole of the motion, checking all

0:23:540:23:57

the moving parts, a full fitness to run, so it takes 2 or 3 hours to get

0:23:570:24:01

the engine ready in the morning

0:24:010:24:02

In spite of greater success, the line still needs voluntders to

0:24:020:24:09

be economically viable.

0:24:090:24:10

What do they think of the changes to re`connection has brought?

0:24:100:24:13

Now we are committed to East Grinstead, working

0:24:130:24:18

on the engine, it is a longdr day, more miles to cover but we can only

0:24:180:24:28

generally do 12 hours so we have to fit out more in the day.

0:24:280:24:31

We don't want to upset the new neighbours,

0:24:310:24:34

so we have to keep the engines as quiet as possible we are up there,

0:24:340:24:38

some of us, myself included, seem to find a bit difficult somdtimes.

0:24:380:24:41

The fact we actually go somdwhere now, in the past we went

0:24:410:24:44

from nowhere to nowhere but now we have got a mainline connecthon to

0:24:440:24:47

East Grinstead, it's part of our job to keep the schedule

0:24:470:24:51

It's not just drivers of cotrse there are hundreds of station

0:24:510:24:54

staff, signalmen and they are making adjustments to the ndw air

0:24:540:24:58

of professionalism at the Bluebell.

0:24:580:25:01

It's not as laid`back as it was there is an immense pressurd on us

0:25:010:25:05

to make sure we keep to a scheduled timetable and sometimes verx

0:25:050:25:11

difficult because people cole here for the day and they want to enjoy

0:25:110:25:18

themselves and they don't understand that we have to keep to

0:25:180:25:20

a set timetable.

0:25:200:25:24

They think they can turn up and the train will go

0:25:240:25:27

whenever they are ready but we have to keep to a strict timetable.

0:25:270:25:30

Recognising that changes were needed,

0:25:300:25:31

the Bluebell brought in a m`n with an impressive track record hn the

0:25:310:25:41

railway industry, former Irhsh Rail CEO Dick Fearn is the man charged

0:25:410:25:44

with taking the business forward.

0:25:440:25:45

I have had 40 years as a professional railwaymen in Britain

0:25:450:25:48

and Ireland, I felt privileged to be able to come here and join

0:25:480:25:55

the Bluebell team as chairm`n, to try and offer some of my experience

0:25:550:25:58

from the mainline railways.

0:25:580:25:59

But at the same time to support the tremendous work that is done

0:25:590:26:02

here, by volunteers, largelx.

0:26:020:26:06

We do have some employed st`ff but largely, many volunteers take

0:26:060:26:10

Bluebell what it is.

0:26:100:26:15

40% of visitors now come down the mainline from East Grinstead and

0:26:150:26:18

that has had a positive effdct on the town because many of thdm are

0:26:180:26:22

choosing to spend their mondy there.

0:26:220:26:23

It certainly has, on lovely days like today, it does attract more

0:26:230:26:26

people into the town so it's a positive thing for East Grinstead.

0:26:260:26:29

And the high Street.

0:26:300:26:36

Peter Andre and his brother Danny have a copy shop in the town.

0:26:360:26:39

We get more of an older field tell throughout certain parts of the day,

0:26:390:26:47

they come up, they have tea, they have come on the Bluebdll,

0:26:470:26:50

we've seen a bit of a difference.

0:26:500:26:52

Since its creation, the Bluebell has changed from a

0:26:520:26:56

project run by a band of enthusiasts to a multi`million pound business.

0:26:560:26:59

Change is still underway and volunteers and chairman

0:26:590:27:05

alike are adjusting to the new culture of strict timetables, long

0:27:050:27:08

days, more professionalism `nd the occasional diesel as well as making

0:27:080:27:11

plans for an even bigger future

0:27:110:27:14

We do have another possible extension we can do,

0:27:140:27:23

westwards ultimately to Haywards Heath and the mainline

0:27:230:27:25

We are now making plans for that extension

0:27:250:27:28

and ensuring that the track bread is secure, so we can 1 day extdnd.

0:27:280:27:32

I think it'll be very excithng and that will be another access

0:27:320:27:35

point to the Bluebell.

0:27:350:27:39

While the Bluebell grapples with the problems created

0:27:390:27:41

by increasing success, our crossgenerational love affahr with

0:27:410:27:45

steam shows no sign of dying out.

0:27:450:27:48

So the Bluebell Railway will just have to find a way to

0:27:480:27:51

cope with being so popular.

0:27:510:27:55

That's it for tonight.

0:28:220:28:24

Don't forget our e`mail.

0:28:240:28:27

See you next time.

0:28:270:28:27

Hello, I'm Ellie Crisell with your 90 Second Update.

0:29:040:29:07

The parents of seriously ill Ashya King are tonight in a Spanish

0:29:070:29:10

jail as they fight extradition.

0:29:100:29:13

They were arrested after removing him from a Southampton hospital

0:29:130:29:15

The family say they did it to get alternative cancer treatment.

0:29:150:29:20

New Government measures to try to stop Britons going to fight in Syria

0:29:200:29:23

and Iraq.

0:29:230:29:23

Police will be able to seize passports before they travel.

0:29:230:29:27

But there's no deal yet on stopping them returning here

0:29:270:29:29

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