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Tonight, my brain thinks a lot about chocolate.
When you see pictures of thd chocolate, like you just did, your
brain was reacting in a verx similar way as to when you tasted the food.
Could you quit sugar ?
we challenge a Dorset street.
I really kept thinking of chocolate biscuits
and even dreamt about them `s well.
We try to deliver a parcel in Canada.
Don't run us over.
We just need to know your involvement with chip and phn fraud.
And buy a steam train, it'll make you millions.
I am Jon Cuthill, welcome back to Inside Out South.
First tonight, the hottest topic in nutrition today.
Is the amount of sugar we'rd consuming damaging our health ?
government experts say we nded to halve the amount we're eating
so could you cut back even if you wanted to ?
Sweethill Lane in Dorset.
Home of Sue and Bronwen, Stephen and Diane.
Sweet by name, sweet by nattre.
Tell me about your relationship with sugar.
Best friend, yes !
I tend to nibble, I don't tdnd to look at sugar on the packets
I eat healthy most of the thme but I change, I eat healthy for a couple
of weeks and go for a binge week and eat a lot of sugar and cakes.
But it's time to come clean.
They have been keeping a food diary of everything they have
eaten, every spoonful, every mouthful, every morsel.
The results are in and for Sweethill Lane,
things are about to turn sotr.
Do you know how much sugar hs in here ?
I haven't actually looked on the box.
Dare you look on the box ?
in here, per 100 g, have a guess.
35%? Per 100 g, this contains 51.5 g of sug`r,
more than half of that is stgar
So there's a lot of sugar in there.
To be fair, they are quite nice
And I don't know why you're smiling.
Diane's son Stephen is next.
Can I show you exhibit one ?
Is that in the cupboard?!
Would you like to explain yourself.
I have probably had half a cake the other day.
Everyone is appalled you put it back in the cupboard like that.
That is the main crime here, this is a crime scene, people.
You should never do that.
Just round the corner is cereal fan Sud.
Your Crunchy Nut Cornflakes, do you know how much sugar is hn this ?
Why not ?
I don't know how much is in there.
Why don't you look ?
on the side is all the information you need, do you ever look `t this ?
Shall we have a look now.
Per 100 g.
per 100 g, there is 35 g of sugar.
That's so high.
So you thought four!
it's a guess !
don't worry, at least Bronwdn is taking her diet seriouslx.
She has a meal replacement shake, that can't be full of sugar, surely.
It's 22 g of sugar, which is horrendous.
I didn't realise it was that high until I had been doing it
for a few weeks.
I was horrified and what I was like, shall I stop it ?
then I thought, if I'm going to the gym
and being active, it'll burn off.
With the latest advice tellhng us we need to drastically cut our daily
sugar intake, can our residdnts go without the white stuff for a week ?
do you accept the challenge ?
I do, yes.
And if you eat the cake, put the plate in the sink!
It's not just the residents of Portland who seem to be drawn
The average Brit consumes 14 teaspoons of sugar a day.
And that, according to some experts, is a sweet recipe for disaster.
At the moment the cost to the NHS and healthcare worldwide is
unsustainable from diet related diseases.
According to the Lancet, poor diet is response for more
disease than physical inactivity, smoking and alcohol combined.
I think added sugar is publhc enemy No. 1 in the Western diet.
So why our obsession with stgar ?
I have come to Reading University to take part
in an experiment to see how my brain reacts, not just to stgar but
the prospect of something sweet
My brain is going to be scanned what I don't know is when it comes
to sugar, it's fairly easilx fooled.
So we are about to start the experiment.
What we're going to do is ddliver some tastes While I look
at a series of images, different chocolate tastes `re fed
into my mouth via a tube.
I then rate the flavour.
The scanner records what's happening in my brain.
Results time and it appears we are all hardwired to seek out stgar
So is that my brain ?
What you didn't perhaps know was that it was the same chocol`te
the whole time.
So we didn't give you a low`calorie chocolate,
we just changed the labels.
And so previous work has shown that when you say this is a very nice,
rich chocolate drink, compared to a low`calorie drink, you get more
activation in the reward centres for the rich chocolate drink.
So just by seeing something sweet, part of my brain is lighting up
because it knows it can be rewarded.
Once you have tasted somethhng and you know you like it, you start
to associate pictures and slells of the food with the actual experience
of having the food, so when you see pictures of the chocolate lhke you
just did, your brain was reacting in ` similar
way as to when you tasted the food.
With time and overexposure, it's possible that sugar might
eventually start changing how your reward system works in the brain.
There really isn't enough d`ta yet to say if it's truly acting
like a drug, an addictive drug like cocahne.
The problem we have is we are now realising that added sugar has
become almost unavoidable bdcause the food industry has added it to
many processed foods, even foods that people wouldn't associ`te, such
as ketchup, low`fat products, ready meals, it becomes unavoidable.
So do we know how much sugar is in our food ?
time for an experiment.
Each of these donuts contains 5 g of sugar, just over 1 teaspoon.
So can people guess how manx donuts worth of sugar are in popul`r food ?
if there is one sure way to draw a crowd Get
your free doughnuts here !
first up, low`fat yoghurt.
Not even one donut?
I can tear it in half.
Do you want half ?
a quarter ?
I don't want to lead you anxwhere.
I will probably say half.
The actual answer is, in this yoghurt, there are five
donuts worth of sugar.
Good Lord !
oh, I like yogurt.
I thought it was practically sugarfree.
I thought this was a healthier alternative to ` donut.
That's 25 g of sugar in the low`fat yoghurt.
So what about a fruit drink ?
I believe there is lime in there.
One doughnut, to doughnuts.
Nine doughnuts, 10 donuts.
11 doughnuts, and that one fruit cooler is the equivalent
of 20 donuts worth of sugar.
You wouldn't think so, would you ?
I don't believe it.
That, sir, is a fact.
You cannot dispute the facts.
20 donuts worth of sugar in that one drink.
And it's a fruit drink as wdll.
Yes, it has got fruit in.
And to be fair, on their own website, Costa do state thehr large
fruit cooler contains 102.1 g of sugar, more than 25 teaspoons worth.
So how much sugar should we be consuming ?
When it comes to what experts call free sugars, the added stuff plus
the naturally occurring sug`rs you find
in honey and fruit juice, according
to the latest scientific research, we should be having, for wolen,
no more than 6 teaspoons and for men, no more than eight.
To put that into perspectivd, in this chocolate bar, there are seven.
Our lives have been hijacked by sugar and we need to wind b`ck the
harm from excess sugar constmption if we're going to improve
the burden that threaten to cripple our Western health services.
So how have our residents in Portland got on with reducing
their sugar intake ?
it's been a week since we last visited.
First of all, I haven't seen a piece of chocolate all thhs week.
So there's a good start.
When it comes to cups of te`, I have been using sweeteners
so that's another one.
I think it was quite hard because where I'm not eating sweet
stuff anyway, it's harder to find stuff whth sweet
stuff in that I don't normally eat.
It's not been too bad, just cutting out a couple of bits
of sugar I have during the day, try and replace it with fruht.
I feel better in general because I tried to eat more healthily this
I also feel good about myself.
How about Sue and her love biscuits and cdreal?
I did struggle for the first couple of days, really
did start thinking about biscuits and dreamt about them as well.
I feel quite good !
I lost a bit of weight as wdll, that's handy !
I'm sleeping better.
I'm really pleased about it !
A life changing moment!
And don't forget, if you want to get in touch:
Next, we are going undercovdr to try and trace
a man who has no qualms abott trying to get his hands on your money.
John Gibson has this.
It's Friday night and for most of us, the weekend has started.
A few drinks and some food out.
And if like me you have nevdr got cash, a card comes in h`ndy
For 10 years now, we have all been using thesd.
Chip and pin machines.
And the place I have come for dinner is no different.
Remember when we used to sign for things in shops?
The banks told us chip and pin would be much safer.
Well, try telling Julie frol Dorset that.
We went to buy fuel at a petrol station and app`rently
there was a camera setup in the ceiling that was looking down
onto the machine, recording us as we were putting in our pin numbers
The thieves who stole Julie's cash were caught red`handed.
But a quick look online shows there are many more victims.
That's the thing with the Internet, there are good people on thdre
like the innocent victims and then there are the bad.
I'm talking to a man who knows all about stolen
numbers, because he steals them
And he's looking for a new partner.
Funnily enough, I haven't mentioned I'm a journalist.
He thinks I own a restaurant with card paying
customers, but I need to gahn his trust and that's taking months.
But 1 day he tells me a parcel's in the post.
It's a chip and pin machine.
I have already spent months gaining this criminal's confidence but he
still doesn't trust me completely.
He has finally agreed to ch`t but he's banking on staying
anonymous over the Internet.
We will see about that.
He tells me the machine he sent me remembers people's card numbers
Once you swipe it, the data has been saved and now the pin is stored
and now all the data is there.
That's everything he needs to steal people's cash.
It's fully customisable.
He has told me to put this drror message on the bottom
of the receipt so my customdrs will think the machine is not working.
That's so I can swap it for my normal one to take
their real payment.
What I now need to work out is a way to put that to the test.
And I think I have found thd answer.
Pay`as`you`go debit cards, they re a bit like mobile phone pop`ups
You can only spend what you put on them.
I have bought 20 to try out.
I need him to think they belong to my customers.
But will it work?
He's told me I'll need to download the data using some cables he sent
me in the post.
Can you just plug it into your laptop.
A couple more connections and we're ready to rock.
Is it downloading?
Yeah, it's receiving stuff.
OK, when it's done downloadhng, send me the file.
He's just e`mailed me through the rest of the card numbers.
And the pins that go with them.
In a couple of minutes, he has got everything he nedds to
make exact copies of all thdse cards, which you can then use in
cashpoints and he says he h`s done that already time and time `gain.
She had her card cloned up there right.
I want to show her how chip and pin fraud has moved on.
Here is the receipt, what do you think?
Wow, it's a real thing, isn't it?
And I was in a restaurant and somebody gave me this,
I would accept my payment h`d been cancelled and be none the whser
But if Julie's shocked, what will the banks think?
I think the encouraging thing is these frauds are very rare,
we have only seen 1 recent hnstance of them and we are seeing
convictions in the Old Baildy.
We know the industry's existing advice is to protect your phn,
with something like that, there is no point because it's the ddvice
itself that takes the PIN ntmber.
I think the first reassurance to give everybody when it comes to the
type of fraud, which is a r`re type of crime, is that even if you are
the victim of it you will rdceive a full refund of all of your losses.
With this type of fraud, in common with other ones, we always `dvise
consumers to check their st`tements.
I'm about to do just that.
As all the pay`as`you`go debit cards are in my name, I can check
what's been happening to thdm.
Take these 2, they have nevdr left my wallet, but according to the
transaction history, they h`ve been emptied of cash in the Philhppines.
So either he is stealing my money or someone he knows is
But he had also sent me a 2nd machine so
at least he is not suspiciots.
But who is he?
He is taking cash out in the Philippines
but the machines came from Britain.
I have also sent money to C`nada for the cables he's posted.
I'm not sure that's really helped.
He could be on either side of the world.
Time to change tactics.
How about I tell him I have broken the machine.
I'm hoping he will ask the dissent prepare and he trusts me
enough, he might give me an address, might not be his, of course.
Bingo, he has taken the bait, telling me to send it to
Marcus Montague in Canada.
He's the guy I paid for the cables, but this is 1 parcel
I plan to deliver by hand.
Bags packed, passports checked.
Let's go find him.
I'm heading out of town. 21 miles to Pickering.
Is the guy that we have been given the address for the gty that
has been on Skype that we h`ve been talking to for months now?
But there is only 1 way to be sure and that means me playing postie.
Yes, we're happy to help at TRN.
The accent needs work but I'm hoping the uniform.
We have put a tracker inside the machine
and I'm wearing a secret calera
It's Marcus Montague and he signed our fake delivery note to prove it.
So it's time to confront hil.
Montague, got a delivery for you, mate.
Delivery for you?
I can't accept that I don't know about it.
It's time to come clean.
Actually, I'm from the BBC, BBC television in the UK and I
would like to ask you a couple of questions about your involvement
in chip and pin fraud.
Do you know about it?
I think you do, we have been sending deliveries to your address
and you have been taking thdm.
Don't go away, we're asking you a few questions.
Don't run us over.
We just need to know who you actually involved with?
Who are you involved with?
Are you making a lot of mondy out of it?
Well, not many answers.
I think is probably the last we'll of him, at least for now.
Can I have a couple of pounds of plums and some apples as well?
Back home, I'm still in the market for answers.
But VeriFone, which makes the machines dodsn't
want to be interviewed.
I wanted to show in our evidence, it decided on a statement.
John Gibson reporting.
Finally, heritage is big business for the south.
None more so than steam powdr.
Natalie Graham has been to see how they are cashing in.
18 months ago the Bluebell steam Railway in West Sussex achidved
its dream of reconnecting whth the mainline station of East Grhnstead.
2 years ago we were a ?3,000,000 business,
last year we were ?4,000,000 business, this is not just
about amateurs playing trains, we think ourselves professionals.
British Railways 1st tried to close the line from East
Grinstead to Lewis back in 0955
But battling local resident Marjorie Bessemer discovered the original
Parliamentary act that created the line was a statutory servicd and
British rail were forced to reopen
it. However, British rail only run trains at times th`t were
of no use to commuters or shoppers so is the line was little used,
they got approval from Parlhament in 1958 to close it again.
And that's when a band of local enthusiasts stepped in
We held a meeting and over 100 people attended it
The idea was preserve the platform for posterity.
We got subscriptions, we elected over 21 shillings, from
over 100 people at the 1st leeting.
When the Bluebell society r`n 1st train on the 7th of Augtst
1960, it became the 1st preserved standard gauge steam
operated passenger railway hn the world to operate a public sdrvice.
55 years now is unbelievabld.
It's the very success of the newly reconnected Bltebell
that is changing things for both the visitors and the voluntders who
keep the line running.
It's 6 a.m.
On a Saturday morning and while most of us are still enjoying a lie in,
the volunteer drivers of thd Bluebell Railway are alreadx at work
in the engine sheds, preparhng for 1 of the busiest weekends of the year.
With a steam engine you can't just flicked the North switch
and head off, they have to be gently coaxed into life.
It's basically oiling up thd whole of the motion, checking all
the moving parts, a full fitness to run, so it takes 2 or 3 hours to get
the engine ready in the morning
In spite of greater success, the line still needs voluntders to
be economically viable.
What do they think of the changes to re`connection has brought?
Now we are committed to East Grinstead, working
on the engine, it is a longdr day, more miles to cover but we can only
generally do 12 hours so we have to fit out more in the day.
We don't want to upset the new neighbours,
so we have to keep the engines as quiet as possible we are up there,
some of us, myself included, seem to find a bit difficult somdtimes.
The fact we actually go somdwhere now, in the past we went
from nowhere to nowhere but now we have got a mainline connecthon to
East Grinstead, it's part of our job to keep the schedule
It's not just drivers of cotrse there are hundreds of station
staff, signalmen and they are making adjustments to the ndw air
of professionalism at the Bluebell.
It's not as laid`back as it was there is an immense pressurd on us
to make sure we keep to a scheduled timetable and sometimes verx
difficult because people cole here for the day and they want to enjoy
themselves and they don't understand that we have to keep to
a set timetable.
They think they can turn up and the train will go
whenever they are ready but we have to keep to a strict timetable.
Recognising that changes were needed,
the Bluebell brought in a m`n with an impressive track record hn the
railway industry, former Irhsh Rail CEO Dick Fearn is the man charged
with taking the business forward.
I have had 40 years as a professional railwaymen in Britain
and Ireland, I felt privileged to be able to come here and join
the Bluebell team as chairm`n, to try and offer some of my experience
from the mainline railways.
But at the same time to support the tremendous work that is done
here, by volunteers, largelx.
We do have some employed st`ff but largely, many volunteers take
Bluebell what it is.
40% of visitors now come down the mainline from East Grinstead and
that has had a positive effdct on the town because many of thdm are
choosing to spend their mondy there.
It certainly has, on lovely days like today, it does attract more
people into the town so it's a positive thing for East Grinstead.
And the high Street.
Peter Andre and his brother Danny have a copy shop in the town.
We get more of an older field tell throughout certain parts of the day,
they come up, they have tea, they have come on the Bluebdll,
we've seen a bit of a difference.
Since its creation, the Bluebell has changed from a
project run by a band of enthusiasts to a multi`million pound business.
Change is still underway and volunteers and chairman
alike are adjusting to the new culture of strict timetables, long
days, more professionalism `nd the occasional diesel as well as making
plans for an even bigger future
We do have another possible extension we can do,
westwards ultimately to Haywards Heath and the mainline
We are now making plans for that extension
and ensuring that the track bread is secure, so we can 1 day extdnd.
I think it'll be very excithng and that will be another access
point to the Bluebell.
While the Bluebell grapples with the problems created
by increasing success, our crossgenerational love affahr with
steam shows no sign of dying out.
So the Bluebell Railway will just have to find a way to
cope with being so popular.
That's it for tonight.
Don't forget our e`mail.
See you next time.
Hello, I'm Ellie Crisell with your 90 Second Update.
The parents of seriously ill Ashya King are tonight in a Spanish
jail as they fight extradition.
They were arrested after removing him from a Southampton hospital
The family say they did it to get alternative cancer treatment.
New Government measures to try to stop Britons going to fight in Syria
Police will be able to seize passports before they travel.
But there's no deal yet on stopping them returning here