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Tonight, we go for a quiet cycle ride in Portsmouth. A man points at
interesting things on a map. This is due for development and this stretch
of land, there is a planning application for it. And the dinner
party to end all dinner parties Sometimes it was something
completely bonkers, blue sp`ghetti and pink cauliflower breasts. This
is Inside Out for the South of England.
News figures suggested that Portsmouth is one of the most
dangerous places to cycle ottside of London. What can be done to improve
everybody's safety? Portsmouth?s roads can be
a battleground. Tempers are frayed
between cyclists and motorists. Drivers are very aggressive. There
are times when I think I must have an invisible cloak on.
Not wearing visible closing. Putting you off. That is what cyclists do.
Or is it the road system that?s just not up to it?
There are a of people trying to get out the city.
New figures suggest Portsmotth?s one of the most dangerous cities
You take your life into your hands every time you cycle in Portsmouth.
Rob Allen?s been cycling since he was boy, it?s not just his
But last year in Cosham, he faced what any cyclist dreadd.
I was coming towards the lights at about 18 mph. There was a sheer
panic. It was really going to hurt. Rob was thrown
from his saddle onto the car bonnet Concussion in for two weeks, damaged
shoulder, had video on that. If I was not wearing a helmet I would not
be here today. `` had physiotherapy on that. I feel like I have
regressed back to going slow and being like a novice on a bicycle.
Rob?s one of 7,000 people in Portsmouth who commutes
The number's going up, which is great for the environment
but it?s putting more presstre on the city?s cycling network.
I?ve been invited out for a ride with the Portsmouth Cycle Forum
On the way, we find cycle p`ths that don?t seem to make much sense.
This is great infrastructurd that ends abruptly. We have a cycle lane
where you are confronted with a parked car when you go round the
corner. What is the matter with this one? The cycle root causes xou to
turn left, which is where the cars are expecting you to go, but you
either have to get into the space designated for cars were right
across the hatch, neither of which cyclists are going to expect you to
do. This is one of the most popular streets here. This glory has pulled
up here to go into the shop and have completely blocked the cycld lane as
a cyclist have to write out into the traffic. Portsmouth is flat, compact
and easy to get around, but in order to make it a safer place for
cyclists, a lot of money will have to be spent.
Portsmouth City Council?s pledged ?2.5 million to improving things.
Some junctions and bike lanes will be made safer
and 20 miles per hour speed limits have already been introduced.
The council accepts that right now, cycling can be difficult.
We are looking to address that. There have been lots of
infrastructure, we head eng`ged with cyclists, and they help guide us,
and we will cycle these routes with these local pressure groups, and as
and when we are able to fachlitate an improvement, we will.
Government figures show last year in Portsmouth there were 906 cxcling
accidents reported to the police per million of the population.
Only London and Hull fared worse in the whole country.
Portsmouth City Council says the rate is higher because cyclhng?s so
popular here, but there?s concern its becoming more dangerous to ride.
She has been knocked off of her bike when she has been riding to school.
She has been knocked off her bike by the lollipop lady. No, we wdre by
the lollipop lady! A car spdd round the corner to click and she got the
truck wrote round the corner to quickly `` a car sped round the
corner to quickly and not hdr off her bike. It has got to be lade
safer. We have got to get the roads back for pedestrians, cyclists and
other road users. I wish thdre were more cycle lanes. It is the perfect
city for it because it was so flat `` is so flat. There were lots of
cycling lanes, I don't understand why we don't have them here.
I?ve come to the transport research laboratory
near Reading to try out somd Dutch style roundabouts, which thd lab is
I like the fact that no cars can park there in the cycle land. This
is good. The behaviour that road users follow is often very luch
driven by the lay the art presented with. In the UK, we tend to have
layouts that encourage highdr turning speeds, we tend to have
layouts that don't give priority to cyclists or pedestrians. Laxouts are
more commonly used in the Netherlands by their very gdometry
flow of the vehicle down, they position drivers so that thdy can
see pedestrians were clearlx, and this makes it safer and givds more
space to cyclists. It is just the separation, this safety barrier
between motor vehicles and cyclists. The big question is, is there enough
space in places like Portsmouth or road layouts like this? Obvhously,
it is bigger than a standard roundabout, and if you are dealing
with a city which has already been built and has narrow streets, this
design may not be suitable. We have to be realistic. Where we c`n and we
have the space we will look to put in more engineering measures and
create more space for cyclists. The reality is, we cannot knockdd houses
down. It is the streets, thd pavement, terraced housing, we have
no public land available to encourage into. I would not expect
Portsmouth to become a Millhe `` miniature Hollande by next xear but
it is a realistic aspiration for ten years time. In the short term,
Portsmouth needs to look at how it can make some changes to junctions
to make cyclists safer. Of course, the debate about cycling
goes way beyond Portsmouth. In Bournemouth
the safety record is improvhng, but the decision to lift a ban
on cycling in some pedestri`nised areas has been controversial
and reignited the argument `bout You always get those idiots that
think they can cycle about 80 mph through the centre of town when
there are people walking here. They have no respect for pedestrhans I
am all for cycling but they should respect us and that more and not
nearly knocked you over. Thd problems come from cars and all of
the congestion and noise and pollution. There is no room on the
roads for the cars and diving cycling is good. It can be
dangerous. `` and acting cycling is good. It can be dangerous and it is
frightening sometimes. If everybody practiced consideration and care for
each other and respect for dach other, cyclists and pedestrhans can
get on brilliantly. Nationally, the Department for Transport saxs it has
doubled funding for cycling to help deliver safer junctions. For all
cyclists on the south roads, those improvements cannot come soon
enough. And weather you are on two or four wheels, I would lovd to hear
from you. Next, Britain is facing a housing crisis. It is time to find
out what this means for an `lready overcrowded cell. `` salve. ``
It?s the most expensive place in the country to live.
According to a Lloyds bank survey, average houses in Oxford cost
And that means people like Debbie Hollingsworth can nehther
She?s had to move time after time, chasing a home
This is my seventh address since 2008.
a roof over your head is ond of your basic needs. This is without the
bills? I don't even earn th`t, not even half of that. They are driving
out a core of people that you think, who will do that work? Becatse if
care workers and nurses and teachers, because they are `ll
starting to fall in that br`cket or they are having to move further
out. They have been pushed out of the margins. At some point, they
will get so pushed, the travel is going to outweigh the cost of coming
into the city. The answer says the governmdnt is to
build more houses ? lots of them ? and lots of peopld agree,
but not about where they should go. We need about a quarter of ` million
homes being built in England as a whole, Yere in and year out. We are
on the building about 120,000, 150,000 homes at best, and that
means that year on year on xear the housing shortage gets worse.
It?s a problem Oxford city council more than recognises.
They?re signalling there cotld be a need to invade
Oxford city itself is one of the most important drivers of growth in
the nation. We have the factory on the one hand and Oxford entdred the
truck wrote and Oxford Univdrsity on the other `` and Oxford University
on the other. Oxford city itself is a very tightly bounded local
authority, and the land for growth to meet more housing is acttally
outside the boundaries of Oxford city. Oxford city knows it needs
more housing. The adjacent authorities, with the exception of
Chartwell and Mr, don't really recognise the need for more housing,
so they are seriously constrained, and if he tried to move to Oxford
city, buy a house in Oxford city, you will find the results of that,
this limits on housing growth, they are very severe. The need to build
is putting pressure on towns across the South.
This land is due for development and this stretch, there also a planning
application for it. That brhngs the development land right up to the
start of the village. There are going to be a lot more people. We
are worried that the single`track road through the village will be
used as a wraparound. There are going to be for hundreds, m`ybe 600
houses between us and Farringdon. That virtually results in
destruction of the village. With an astonishing 93% of Britain
not built on, organisations like the Camp`ign for
Rural England have been acctsed of ignoring the scale of housing need
when fighting plans for devdlopment They view is we should not be using
the easy option of building on very valuable greenfield sites bdfore we
have properly explored all the other alternatives, including Brownfield
sites, empty films and we should really be taking more care of our
valuable agricultural land `nd countryside. There is a dem`nd for
housing now, people cannot wait any longer. If you take Oxfordshire for
example Roma the demand is hnfinite might you could build as many houses
as you like and because of our proximity to London, it is very
unlikely to bring the crisis down so we are not going to create ` big
store of affordable housing which is what is really needed. You're
sacrificing the countryside without solving the problem.
Villagers too are accused of nimbyism
when they try to battle devdlopment, but they say a whole way of life
The electricity pit on the other side of the barn. We have a very
ancient Village year. It is pre`doomsday. We have a verx strong
village identity, largely bdcause we are small enough that everybody
knows everybody else, prettx much. This means that if people nded help,
they normally get it. So, wd have a very strong sense of communhty. We
are blessed with that. It is a pedestrian precinct here because
there is no through traffic and that makes a big difference to the
quality`of`life on the way that people communicate with each other.
I think people are rabid afraid The place that the houses would be is
between Farringdon and the village and so it would cease to be a
village and we would become, to me, a sad place. You see them a lot
Surrounded by modern development. Lee Shostak?s group was recdntly
shortlisted for the 2014 Wolfson economics prize ?
the second biggest cash economics This year the competition w`s
looking for ideas to solve Britain?s His group?s answer ? an arc of brand
new garden cities from Southampton The challenge of building 24, 3 , 40
houses on 40 houses on 40, 40, ,000 villages is a period `` a vdry
serious challenge and I would not urge that approach to meeting
housing needs. It is expenshve, you don't get any economies of scale.
Land prices are very high and the locals involve those villagds quite
rightfully say, we don't sed the need to provide for that growth Why
disrupt our way of life? We believe that garden cities are a sensible
alternative in many locations. Garden cities could be the way of
meeting the nation 's housing need but meeting them in a way which
creates beautiful places to live, work and play.
The government supports the idea of garden cities to ease the ddmand for
It?s expected up to three new towns of at least 15,000
But decisions on where still have to be made and until then vill`ges
and towns continue to take their share of the pain
in the struggle to provide housing that people need and can afford
Don't forget, you can find ts on twitter. Finally tonight, from a
fashion model to Europe boss Mike only female combat photographer the
life of Lee Miller was quitd remarkable. A chance discovdry in an
attic has helped piece together a quite remarkable life.
Hidden away in the Sussex b`ckwater of Muddles Green near Ringmdr, or,
In the 1960s and 70s it was the home of Sir Roland Lady Pdnrose.
But Lady Penrose is better known as Lee Miller.
Her dinner parties were attdnded by some
At the weekends, there used to be a commended commotion and thex would
arrive, mostly by car. They would bring with them, this whole crowd of
people who mostly did not speak English and were generally rather
excitable and great fun to be around. What I had no idea was that
some of these people were the greatest artists of the last
century. Picasso and others were just currency here, they were very
much part of our lives. Arotnd this table, you would have found the most
wonderful mix of people, yotng artists, established artists,
musicians, poets, all the pdople you could think of. They were always
chatting away and cooking up new ideas and it is almost cert`in right
here is where pop art startdd and experiments began that ended up with
pop art. So who exactly was Lee Milldr who
could bring the celebrities Born in 1907 in upstate New York,
Lee was discovered by Vogue publisher Conde Nast himself
when he saved her She moved to Paris where shd
first met Roland Penrose. But it was surrealist photographer
Man Ray who then became her lover and together they discovered
the photographic technique called After splitting
from Ray she started her own photo studio in New York and completed the
move from in front of to behind the But by the time war broke ott she
was living in London with Roland and she wanted to play her part
in the fight against the Nazis. She got involved in the war
across Europe. She was very conscious of hdr
friends left behind in France, about to be overwhelmed by the Nazis. I
don't think she had a huge game plan. She was doing this by instinct
and eventually, her camera became her weapon of choice. Then she was
after D`Day, photographing hn Normandy.
Lee?s photo assignments revdaled she was not only a photographer,
but a talented writer too sdnding reports back from the frontline
Reading from one of her asshgnments The building we were in
and all the others which faced the fort were being spat at now, ping,
bang, hitting above our window into the next, fast queer noise, impact
before the gun noise itself, hundreds of rounds crossing
I sheltered squatting under the ramparts.
My heel ground into a dead, detached hand I cursed the Germans for the
ugly destruction they had conjured up in this once beautiful town.
Tony grew up unaware of what but a chance discovery changed evdrything.
During her lifetime, she gave the impression of being a useless drunk
most of the time, to me. Whdn she died, I was astonished when my late
wife went up into the attic and found this stash of cardboard boxes
that contained most of her work There were 60,000 negatives. It was
a total life changing moment because I was commissioned to write the
biography of her and that ldd me into deep research and I fotnd out a
lot of things and what happdned was, I gave myself a mother I had not
known and that feels good to this day.
As only one of very few women photographers
on the frontline, Lee captured some startling images with what today
Carole Callow has spent the last 20 years printing
She was using a camera with film so you did not see the results of that
photograph until literally the films were sent back and maybe evdn weeks
after the event that she wotld have seen any of her photographs. In
1945, she found herself billeted in what was once Hitler's apartment in
Munich. It was there that she created one of her most famous
images, a selfie in Hitler's bathtub. This image is one of her
most iconic images. It was taken on the evening of the day that Lee and
her friend and colleague had visited the concentration camp. There is an
element of probably the image being set up by little with the statue
being there and Hitler's photograph on the ballot as well but I think
one thing you cannot take away is the fact that Herbert's and her
clothes, the boots have madd his pristine bathmat absolutely filthy
and the fact is, she had bedn at the concentration camp and was now
washing away that particular day in his bath and making his bathmat
dirty. Her photography of the liberation of the camp is r`ted as
some of the most remarkable pictures to come out of the war. When we
realise that in that moment, she was looking for the faces of her friends
who had gone missing from P`ris because they have been taken by the
Nazis, you realise how personal that was will stop this was a trde in, in
a siding. It had been discovered by the liberators and it had contained
3,000 102 prisoners 30 days earlier. The GIs found only one survhvor
because all the rest had didd. She destroyed a lot of her negatives at
the end of the war. She said to the darkroom assistant who tried to stop
her from destroying them, she said, I don't want anybody to havd ever
have to see everything I saw but I'm going to leave enough so th`t you
understand what happened. Wd all know when we see something really
dramatic, there is no reason button, it stays in our memories forever and
that is how it was for her. She had to live with this replaying
constantly in her mind. After the war ended Lee strtggled
to find a new direction, fashion photography no longer had the same
appeal after the intensity of her By then she was already suffering
from what we now call post`traumatic stress syndrome
and was drinking heavily. She was very much part of otr lives
right up to the time she didd. Although Miller struggled whth her
demons she did not stand sthll, she had another reinvention
of herself to conjure up and she became a celebrated gourmet
cook, writing books and hosting Her dishes were quite spect`cular.
There would be a great sensd of anticipation as to what was
happening next. Sometimes it was something completely bonkers like
blue spaghetti and pink cauliflower breasts. It was totally bonkers
alive. Since her death in 1877 and the rediscovery
of her work shortly afterwards, her photographs have appeardd in
That's it for now. Don't forget our e`mail address. I will see xou next
time. Last week we featured to just's up an art competition. The
overall winner was Mackie whth a summertime retreat and Geen` who won
the Naylor award for the finest photograph of 2014 with this work,
entitled, Villa. Hello, I'm Sophie Long with
your 90 second update. A freeze on working-age benefits
for two years. That's among the Chancellor's plans
to cut welfare and the nation's debt if the Tories
win next year's general election. Pensions,
disability and maternity pay wouldn't be affected but Jobseekers
Allowance and child benefit would. Ann Maguire was stabbed to death
at a Leeds school in April. Today thousands attended
a memorial service for the teacher. Her family say they've been
comforted by the community. Jailed for sending
abusive tweets to an MP. Peter Nunn targetted Stella Creasy
after she campaigned to get the Midwives in England have voted to go
on strike for the first time They'll join a four-hour stoppage
with other NHS workers next month. Aldi has promised 65 new stores
after a huge jump