21/11/2011 Inside Out Yorkshire and Lincolnshire


After two tragic deaths in three months, Jamie Coulson assesses what the future might hold for the Red Arrows display team. Chris Jackson goes on the trail of the litter louts.

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Welcome to Inside Out from Lincolnshire.


This week, could the future of the famous Red Arrows based here at RAF


Scampton be in jeopardy? After two tragic deaths N3 months,


could they fall victim to defence cuts? -- in three months.


You really have to think, the game is up unless they buy the planes.


Stopping the litter louts - at a time when councils are looking to


cut costs, how do we deal with the problem?


You dropped some litter there. A fag packet.


Pigs might fly. The East Yorkshire pig farming business setting its


The tragic deaths of two Red Arrows pilots in three months has brought


unwelcome attention on one of the military's most famous institutions.


Now a defence Allott -- analyst has told us that, with the armed forces


facing cutbacks, the RAF may have to consider a future without its


famous display team. The pilot, who had been thrown from


the aircraft, was pronounced dead at the scene. He always gave his


most, for his job or in his life. It is with great regret that I can


confirm that there has been a ground incident involving when --


one of the team, which has in -- resulted in the death of the pilot.


I could not save enough nice things about him. This has obviously been


a very tragic time. We must get to the bottom of what happened.


Red Arrows are normally a familiar sight here in Lincolnshire. For the


past week the skies has been -- have been empty as investigations


continue. The latest tragic death comes at a time when some are


questioning the future of the Red Arrows.


We are coming up to crunch.. It is too close to call. For the Red


Arrows it is one of the most challenging periods in their 50


year history, two fatal accidents in quick succession. In August


Flight Lieutenant Jon Egging died in an air show in Dorset after


crashing into the ground near Bournemouth, and eight days after


his memorial service the team suffered a not -- another blow,


with the death of Flight Lieutenant Sean Cunningham at the Red Arrows


base in Scampton. He died after being ejected from his Hawk T1 on


the ground. Inquiries have been carried out by


a team of crash investigators from the Military Aviation Authority.


Professor Graham Braithwaite is director of the Safety and Accident


Investigation Centre, where the men charged with discovering the facts


are trained. This is the laboratory where the investigations are


carried out. Some of these wrecks have been involved in real


accidents. When people see two Red Arrows crashes in a matter of


months, they might draw their own conclusions. I would expect the


investigators to look at whether there is a pattern, but they might


be unrelated. I think it would be too soon to draw any conclusions


about a pattern. The latest inquiry is focusing on be plain's Martin


Baker mark 10 ejection seat. -- and the plains. -- the aeroplanes'. A


directive has been given out to all planes with the same ejection seat.


The ejection seat manufacturer Martin Baker told Inside Out that


he is co-operating fully with the inquiry. It said it was confident


the issue of the seed was not related to the manufacture or


design but that it would be inappropriate to comment further


until the full facts are known. It added that it has over 5,000 seats


in service worldwide and to date it has saved 489 lives. It may have


fired as a result of something else that was happening. You have to


look at the evidence, the witnesses, and work with the manufacturer to


look at whether this is something that has happened before. It is


about gathering facts and not jumping to conclusions. I think


people will look quite deep beyond the incident. The past year has


been extremely difficult for the Red Arrows. While the attention is


on their immediate future, at some point that will have to switch to


what happens in the long term. The RAF have been using Hawk jets since


1976 and the Red Arrows currently have a fleet of 13 based at


Scampton. They were made at BAE Systems in Brough but production of


the jets in East Yorkshire is being phased out. This man is an expert


for Jane's Defence. He says that, while the recent accents --


accidents are tragic, there is a significant long-term problem.


What are the threat to the Red Arrows? The life of their aircraft.


They have been used since the 1970s and they only have so much life in


them. They are only expected to be used until about 2017. They may


have not decided to buy a replacement. According to his


figures it would cost between �350 million and �400 million to replace


the Red Arrows fleet, which in the current climate look mate -- makes


Within a year, 18 months, unless they decide to buy the planes, you


have to think the game is up. Brough, where 900 workers are due


to be made redundant, the worry is that whatever planes replace the


Hawk, they will not be made in Britain, a decision which unions


say will be a trap -- a tragedy for the British aerospace industry.


may have the Red Arrows flying a Korean Air -- aeroplane in the


future. It has to be a nonsense that we would have ambassadors of


the Red Arrows taking their planes a round-the-world in a plane that


is not from the UK. It comes at a time when the RAF is told it has to


lose 5,000 personnel in four years and between 25 % and 30 % of its


civilian staff, 930 redundancies having already been announced.


Although the RAF is having to think very carefully about its future


funding, one former Air Vice Marshall believes it would be a


mistake to make the Red Arrows a scapegoat. Jered -- Gerry Connolly,


a defence aerospace consultant, says they still have a relevance


that goes far beyond their stunning aerial acrobatics. They come from


the phone line, they go to the Red Arrows for three years, and they go


back to the front line. What they do it in the Red Arrows, and all of


that -- all that that means for UK plc, they are at the top of their


game and by a process of osmosis that goes across the Royal Air


Force. They deliver a lot more than just displays on the day. The MoD


dismissed talk about the future of the Red Arrows as pure speculation.


They say the fleet of Hawks are not due to leave service until 2018.


But, as the RAF and the families of the two dead pilots continue to


mourn their loss, the people at Scampton are only too aware of how


quickly things can change. When it happens that this guy is


RMT in Scampton for the summer, we know they are away doing shows, but


when they are empty over the winter, there is an eeriness about it.


had a memorial service at the cathedral only a few weeks ago for


a Jon and it seems as soon as that was over this happened. -- for Jon.


It has stunned the village. What will be will be. It is just for me


to make sure that I put my feeling across for the village and


everybody that we love them dearly. But amid the Soren there is a


pragmatism but nothing can be taken for granted. -- sorrowful stop


Steve Hand helped to paint the Red Arrows their distinctive colour.


There are still children aspiring to be aviators when they get older


and the Red Arrows are something to aspire to. In the economic climate


at the moment, if it is a struggle to keep funding them. I would hate


to think that the writing is on the wall for them. The future of the


Red Arrows is unlikely to be decided in the next weeks or months


but at some point in the not too distant future the decision will


have to be made. As soon as the Red Arrows are clear


to start flying again, they can get back to rehearsing next year's


routines and they will be hoping that the coming 12 months bring a


much-needed change in their Three northern towns trying to


become cities, trying to deal with one problem. It is disgusting,


everything is on the floor. Chips, gravy, Greece. The British are the


fattest people in Europe. They can't control themselves and they


don't care about public spending. Councils in Barnsley, Rotherham and


the Dearne Valley have told us that picking up litter is a waste of


money. If you thought it wasn't a problem, take another look. Every


place has a different tactic. In This is possibly the toughest


council in England would it comes to litter enforcement. Their


targets for the round of fines handed out -- there are targets.


have got to be in a situation where we have got to have teeth. They do


it because they would rather not spend money from increasingly


stretched budget by picking up our rubbish. In England alone, the


local authorities spend �880 million on street cleansing. That


is money which could be much better spent on other things. Doncaster


would have �3 million every year to spend on other things. Across the


Pennines, but it costs 2.8 million. -- litre costs. The focus is much


more on changing people's behaviour, and if that doesn't work, they tell


you off. But the man in the black jacket and a grey trousers please


pick up the litter. Five years ago, talking cameras were brought 10.


covers a lot of ground. Have you seen it work? Yes, we have got some


footage of a later -- a lady whipping up a Yellow Pages book.


Doncaster, they find fear works better. They will be fined. We know


it isn't the back of people's minds. -- we know it is end. But not with


everyone. They ended up fining me. It is the government's way of


making money. They can sit on their houses and get paid. In Doncaster


last year, they raised a cool �120,000 in fines, compared to


6,000 in Bolton and just �250 in Middlesbrough. It is a major


success. We don't need to find people. So, you don't borrow the


Doncaster is raking money in for the council? -- you don't worry.


Even campaign groups are arguing about litter. It is a British


institution. Keep Britain tidy has been around for 50 years. But


continuing to fund it is throwing taxpayers' money in the bin.


campaigning dust has not worked. There are streets like this all


over England. John Read launched Clean Up Britain this year with the


help of celebrities. Litter is a big issue in this country. You


wouldn't throw away litter in Europe house. There are a group of


individuals who have got together on a voluntary basis to run this


campaign. And by saying the campaign is failing, they have


caused quite a stir. It seems a bit daft but that is what they have


chosen to do. But campaigns like this a part funded by the taxpayer,


and on top of that, they ask town - - councils in towns like Doncaster


for even more money. Can we afford it? In Bolton, they are already


feeling the pinch. It has deteriorated because of the


workforce. You need to make sure people don't drop litter in the


first base. It is a mindset that needs to change. People used to


clean in front of their houses. Even if you think littering is


wrong, day you into being? This man confronted two teenagers for


throwing rubbish. He was punched in the face and he died with a head


injury. You have dropped some litter just there. Why did you do


it? Are you going to stop? Why did you put it down there for someone


else to pick up? I know you're sorry, let's find a bend. It's just


there. Its embarrassing, isn't it? Most people, when you tell them


about it, they know they have done something wrong. If councils didn't


pick up litter? Do Be Really Want To Keep Britain tidy? Bolton agreed


to leave 100 metres of a Town Street and cleaned for a day. --


without cleaning Friday. This is what we found. The majority of


people who saw that litter were shocked. Normally, it would have


been cleaned away in the early hours. We asked local children to


help clean up the mess. But in Middlesbrough, it's going to be a


much tougher job. The council left a mile of its busiest road and


cleaned for a whole weekend. It is disgusting. Chris packets, fag


packets. Cleaning up our own bit of the streets might not be a bad idea


with council budgets under pressure. And in this Middlesbrough Road, we


collected 24 full bags of rubbish. Food for thought? Next time you see


somebody dropping a crisp packet on the floor, just imagine that is


your five-pound note because you're paying to pick it up. As the


eurozone lectures from one -- from one crisis to another, businesses


are increasingly looking for Forest to market. One company is not only


taking its animals to China, but bringing China to its animals.


pigs, pigs! They're not always seen as the most glamorous or lucrative


part of the farming business. But for one East Yorkshire company,


raising pigs has been honed to a scientific process where animals


are bred for their genetic superiority. The animals we're


providing are the top of the pyramid. They require high


attention to detail to get the optimum results. Pigs from JSR


Genetics near Driffield are now being exported all over the world


and in particular to the world's biggest market for pork, China.


There are nearly 50 million sows in China. Their requirement for a


protein is increasing. So JSR is going where the money and the pork


is. They're providing 1,500 breeding sows and boars to a


Chinese company called HB Coff. These animals will then form the


basis for a huge pig breeding unit with over a million pigs. This


afternoon, we will go to the structure... Bobo, Yann, Amber and


Lee work for HB Coff in China. They've been brought over to live


in Driffield for several weeks to learn about British pig farming


methods. I would like you to make a list of the traits that you think


we would look for. And it's not long before they're out of the


classroom and onto one of JSR's farms in Oxfordshire and I'm going


along too for a free pig farming lesson. Hyde, Steve Bull stop --


hello, steep. We need to get you showered through to protect our


pigs for many diseases. I've signed in, now it's time to shower down


and put on unit clothes. While I'm in the shower, our cameraman Mark


has to make sure all his equipment is free of any nasty germs that the


pigs might pick up. I'm showered and clean and I'm wearing Wellies


two sizes too big. The first thing we're learning is weighing and


measuring, but first a bit of pig Jason, which area of the pig had


you just been measuring. He is measuring from this the end, the


depth, this measurement here. gives the pork the really nice


flavour? This marbling effect here. We need to see if we can improve on


taste and flavour. I catch up with Lee and Bobo in between lessons.


China, we used a lot of human beings. But in the UK, we used a


lot of machines and technology to raise the pigs. What British


customs do you think you will take back with you to China? If I could


get the chance, I would suggest to my boss to give me coffee time in


the morning! Now we're onto the most important issue - breeding.


The students go to JSR's boar stud near Selby to learn about semen


collection. Once the delicate process of producing semen is over,


it is then taken to the lab to be diluted into individual doses.


have done 21 doses per boar. We have some boars that can do a lot


more. The smallest amount... Once it leaves here, it goes to the


farms and the farmers then inseminate their sows. Back in


Oxfordshire, we're about to see how that works. I'm just going in with


Lee now to learn about AI, which stands for artificial insemination.


Tom shows Lee how to inseminate the sow the scientific way, using the


diluted boar's semen. It's not a particularly pleasant job but Lee


doesn't seem phased. The most important part to remember is to go


upwards. How often do you inseminate the pics? On a weekly


basis, from Monday to to Friday. Each gilt will have Freeserve's,


whereas a sow will only have two -- three serves. We need a steady flow


of AI flowing. It helps them to think they have a boar with them.


How was it to learn about AI? think I need to learn to be patient.


It is relatively simple. Are you nervous about your first


insemination? Yes, I'm nervous and I'm also curious. The first pigs


for the new unit in China will be loaded onto planes in the next few


days. This really is a large scale industrial operation which seems


quite remote from my idea of traditional pig farming. People


have the perception of genetics of people in white coats. We're not


doing that. Testing is undertaken on the farm, the data is gathered


and it is run to a computer. The top rank animals are retained in


the breeding programme. What would you say to people who describe


these sorts of farming methods as factory methods? And animal will


not perform to its highest per -- potential without everything it


requires, which is environment, food, water, it has got to be


comfortable. Without that, it will fail to perform. For the Chinese


workers, the training is over and it's time to celebrate and say


goodbye to their training manager James. And what better way to do it


than with a meal out in York? In a Chinese restaurant, of course. Can


I order the shredded pork and preserved vegetable soup? James


devised the training plan for the Chinese workers and has spent the


last six weeks with them. It is by sea. It has been a new experience


for me, but in training plans together for people from different


cultures, and trying to learn a little bit about their culture.


Have you been over to China? yet. What have they told you to


expect? Spicy food! And there's more to come as the joint venture


between East Yorkshire and China was cemented a couple of weeks ago


with the opening of a brand new pig unit in Guandong province. See soon.


Take care. If you want to contact us about any of tonight's stories


you can do through our Facebook paid for through based -- Twitter.


After two tragic deaths in three months, Jamie Coulson assesses what the future might hold for the famous Red Arrows display team. Also Chris Jackson goes on the trail of the litter louts and Asha Tanna finds out why pigs might fly - to China.

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