After two tragic deaths in three months, Jamie Coulson assesses what the future might hold for the Red Arrows display team. Chris Jackson goes on the trail of the litter louts.
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Welcome to Inside Out from Lincolnshire.
This week, could the future of the famous Red Arrows based here at RAF
Scampton be in jeopardy? After two tragic deaths N3 months,
could they fall victim to defence cuts? -- in three months.
You really have to think, the game is up unless they buy the planes.
Stopping the litter louts - at a time when councils are looking to
cut costs, how do we deal with the problem?
You dropped some litter there. A fag packet.
Pigs might fly. The East Yorkshire pig farming business setting its
The tragic deaths of two Red Arrows pilots in three months has brought
unwelcome attention on one of the military's most famous institutions.
Now a defence Allott -- analyst has told us that, with the armed forces
facing cutbacks, the RAF may have to consider a future without its
famous display team. The pilot, who had been thrown from
the aircraft, was pronounced dead at the scene. He always gave his
most, for his job or in his life. It is with great regret that I can
confirm that there has been a ground incident involving when --
one of the team, which has in -- resulted in the death of the pilot.
I could not save enough nice things about him. This has obviously been
a very tragic time. We must get to the bottom of what happened.
Red Arrows are normally a familiar sight here in Lincolnshire. For the
past week the skies has been -- have been empty as investigations
continue. The latest tragic death comes at a time when some are
questioning the future of the Red Arrows.
We are coming up to crunch.. It is too close to call. For the Red
Arrows it is one of the most challenging periods in their 50
year history, two fatal accidents in quick succession. In August
Flight Lieutenant Jon Egging died in an air show in Dorset after
crashing into the ground near Bournemouth, and eight days after
his memorial service the team suffered a not -- another blow,
with the death of Flight Lieutenant Sean Cunningham at the Red Arrows
base in Scampton. He died after being ejected from his Hawk T1 on
the ground. Inquiries have been carried out by
a team of crash investigators from the Military Aviation Authority.
Professor Graham Braithwaite is director of the Safety and Accident
Investigation Centre, where the men charged with discovering the facts
are trained. This is the laboratory where the investigations are
carried out. Some of these wrecks have been involved in real
accidents. When people see two Red Arrows crashes in a matter of
months, they might draw their own conclusions. I would expect the
investigators to look at whether there is a pattern, but they might
be unrelated. I think it would be too soon to draw any conclusions
about a pattern. The latest inquiry is focusing on be plain's Martin
Baker mark 10 ejection seat. -- and the plains. -- the aeroplanes'. A
directive has been given out to all planes with the same ejection seat.
The ejection seat manufacturer Martin Baker told Inside Out that
he is co-operating fully with the inquiry. It said it was confident
the issue of the seed was not related to the manufacture or
design but that it would be inappropriate to comment further
until the full facts are known. It added that it has over 5,000 seats
in service worldwide and to date it has saved 489 lives. It may have
fired as a result of something else that was happening. You have to
look at the evidence, the witnesses, and work with the manufacturer to
look at whether this is something that has happened before. It is
about gathering facts and not jumping to conclusions. I think
people will look quite deep beyond the incident. The past year has
been extremely difficult for the Red Arrows. While the attention is
on their immediate future, at some point that will have to switch to
what happens in the long term. The RAF have been using Hawk jets since
1976 and the Red Arrows currently have a fleet of 13 based at
Scampton. They were made at BAE Systems in Brough but production of
the jets in East Yorkshire is being phased out. This man is an expert
for Jane's Defence. He says that, while the recent accents --
accidents are tragic, there is a significant long-term problem.
What are the threat to the Red Arrows? The life of their aircraft.
They have been used since the 1970s and they only have so much life in
them. They are only expected to be used until about 2017. They may
have not decided to buy a replacement. According to his
figures it would cost between �350 million and �400 million to replace
the Red Arrows fleet, which in the current climate look mate -- makes
Within a year, 18 months, unless they decide to buy the planes, you
have to think the game is up. Brough, where 900 workers are due
to be made redundant, the worry is that whatever planes replace the
Hawk, they will not be made in Britain, a decision which unions
say will be a trap -- a tragedy for the British aerospace industry.
may have the Red Arrows flying a Korean Air -- aeroplane in the
future. It has to be a nonsense that we would have ambassadors of
the Red Arrows taking their planes a round-the-world in a plane that
is not from the UK. It comes at a time when the RAF is told it has to
lose 5,000 personnel in four years and between 25 % and 30 % of its
civilian staff, 930 redundancies having already been announced.
Although the RAF is having to think very carefully about its future
funding, one former Air Vice Marshall believes it would be a
mistake to make the Red Arrows a scapegoat. Jered -- Gerry Connolly,
a defence aerospace consultant, says they still have a relevance
that goes far beyond their stunning aerial acrobatics. They come from
the phone line, they go to the Red Arrows for three years, and they go
back to the front line. What they do it in the Red Arrows, and all of
that -- all that that means for UK plc, they are at the top of their
game and by a process of osmosis that goes across the Royal Air
Force. They deliver a lot more than just displays on the day. The MoD
dismissed talk about the future of the Red Arrows as pure speculation.
They say the fleet of Hawks are not due to leave service until 2018.
But, as the RAF and the families of the two dead pilots continue to
mourn their loss, the people at Scampton are only too aware of how
quickly things can change. When it happens that this guy is
RMT in Scampton for the summer, we know they are away doing shows, but
when they are empty over the winter, there is an eeriness about it.
had a memorial service at the cathedral only a few weeks ago for
a Jon and it seems as soon as that was over this happened. -- for Jon.
It has stunned the village. What will be will be. It is just for me
to make sure that I put my feeling across for the village and
everybody that we love them dearly. But amid the Soren there is a
pragmatism but nothing can be taken for granted. -- sorrowful stop
Steve Hand helped to paint the Red Arrows their distinctive colour.
There are still children aspiring to be aviators when they get older
and the Red Arrows are something to aspire to. In the economic climate
at the moment, if it is a struggle to keep funding them. I would hate
to think that the writing is on the wall for them. The future of the
Red Arrows is unlikely to be decided in the next weeks or months
but at some point in the not too distant future the decision will
have to be made. As soon as the Red Arrows are clear
to start flying again, they can get back to rehearsing next year's
routines and they will be hoping that the coming 12 months bring a
much-needed change in their Three northern towns trying to
become cities, trying to deal with one problem. It is disgusting,
everything is on the floor. Chips, gravy, Greece. The British are the
fattest people in Europe. They can't control themselves and they
don't care about public spending. Councils in Barnsley, Rotherham and
the Dearne Valley have told us that picking up litter is a waste of
money. If you thought it wasn't a problem, take another look. Every
place has a different tactic. In This is possibly the toughest
council in England would it comes to litter enforcement. Their
targets for the round of fines handed out -- there are targets.
have got to be in a situation where we have got to have teeth. They do
it because they would rather not spend money from increasingly
stretched budget by picking up our rubbish. In England alone, the
local authorities spend �880 million on street cleansing. That
is money which could be much better spent on other things. Doncaster
would have �3 million every year to spend on other things. Across the
Pennines, but it costs 2.8 million. -- litre costs. The focus is much
more on changing people's behaviour, and if that doesn't work, they tell
you off. But the man in the black jacket and a grey trousers please
pick up the litter. Five years ago, talking cameras were brought 10.
covers a lot of ground. Have you seen it work? Yes, we have got some
footage of a later -- a lady whipping up a Yellow Pages book.
Doncaster, they find fear works better. They will be fined. We know
it isn't the back of people's minds. -- we know it is end. But not with
everyone. They ended up fining me. It is the government's way of
making money. They can sit on their houses and get paid. In Doncaster
last year, they raised a cool �120,000 in fines, compared to
6,000 in Bolton and just �250 in Middlesbrough. It is a major
success. We don't need to find people. So, you don't borrow the
Doncaster is raking money in for the council? -- you don't worry.
Even campaign groups are arguing about litter. It is a British
institution. Keep Britain tidy has been around for 50 years. But
continuing to fund it is throwing taxpayers' money in the bin.
campaigning dust has not worked. There are streets like this all
over England. John Read launched Clean Up Britain this year with the
help of celebrities. Litter is a big issue in this country. You
wouldn't throw away litter in Europe house. There are a group of
individuals who have got together on a voluntary basis to run this
campaign. And by saying the campaign is failing, they have
caused quite a stir. It seems a bit daft but that is what they have
chosen to do. But campaigns like this a part funded by the taxpayer,
and on top of that, they ask town - - councils in towns like Doncaster
for even more money. Can we afford it? In Bolton, they are already
feeling the pinch. It has deteriorated because of the
workforce. You need to make sure people don't drop litter in the
first base. It is a mindset that needs to change. People used to
clean in front of their houses. Even if you think littering is
wrong, day you into being? This man confronted two teenagers for
throwing rubbish. He was punched in the face and he died with a head
injury. You have dropped some litter just there. Why did you do
it? Are you going to stop? Why did you put it down there for someone
else to pick up? I know you're sorry, let's find a bend. It's just
there. Its embarrassing, isn't it? Most people, when you tell them
about it, they know they have done something wrong. If councils didn't
pick up litter? Do Be Really Want To Keep Britain tidy? Bolton agreed
to leave 100 metres of a Town Street and cleaned for a day. --
without cleaning Friday. This is what we found. The majority of
people who saw that litter were shocked. Normally, it would have
been cleaned away in the early hours. We asked local children to
help clean up the mess. But in Middlesbrough, it's going to be a
much tougher job. The council left a mile of its busiest road and
cleaned for a whole weekend. It is disgusting. Chris packets, fag
packets. Cleaning up our own bit of the streets might not be a bad idea
with council budgets under pressure. And in this Middlesbrough Road, we
collected 24 full bags of rubbish. Food for thought? Next time you see
somebody dropping a crisp packet on the floor, just imagine that is
your five-pound note because you're paying to pick it up. As the
eurozone lectures from one -- from one crisis to another, businesses
are increasingly looking for Forest to market. One company is not only
taking its animals to China, but bringing China to its animals.
pigs, pigs! They're not always seen as the most glamorous or lucrative
part of the farming business. But for one East Yorkshire company,
raising pigs has been honed to a scientific process where animals
are bred for their genetic superiority. The animals we're
providing are the top of the pyramid. They require high
attention to detail to get the optimum results. Pigs from JSR
Genetics near Driffield are now being exported all over the world
and in particular to the world's biggest market for pork, China.
There are nearly 50 million sows in China. Their requirement for a
protein is increasing. So JSR is going where the money and the pork
is. They're providing 1,500 breeding sows and boars to a
Chinese company called HB Coff. These animals will then form the
basis for a huge pig breeding unit with over a million pigs. This
afternoon, we will go to the structure... Bobo, Yann, Amber and
Lee work for HB Coff in China. They've been brought over to live
in Driffield for several weeks to learn about British pig farming
methods. I would like you to make a list of the traits that you think
we would look for. And it's not long before they're out of the
classroom and onto one of JSR's farms in Oxfordshire and I'm going
along too for a free pig farming lesson. Hyde, Steve Bull stop --
hello, steep. We need to get you showered through to protect our
pigs for many diseases. I've signed in, now it's time to shower down
and put on unit clothes. While I'm in the shower, our cameraman Mark
has to make sure all his equipment is free of any nasty germs that the
pigs might pick up. I'm showered and clean and I'm wearing Wellies
two sizes too big. The first thing we're learning is weighing and
measuring, but first a bit of pig Jason, which area of the pig had
you just been measuring. He is measuring from this the end, the
depth, this measurement here. gives the pork the really nice
flavour? This marbling effect here. We need to see if we can improve on
taste and flavour. I catch up with Lee and Bobo in between lessons.
China, we used a lot of human beings. But in the UK, we used a
lot of machines and technology to raise the pigs. What British
customs do you think you will take back with you to China? If I could
get the chance, I would suggest to my boss to give me coffee time in
the morning! Now we're onto the most important issue - breeding.
The students go to JSR's boar stud near Selby to learn about semen
collection. Once the delicate process of producing semen is over,
it is then taken to the lab to be diluted into individual doses.
have done 21 doses per boar. We have some boars that can do a lot
more. The smallest amount... Once it leaves here, it goes to the
farms and the farmers then inseminate their sows. Back in
Oxfordshire, we're about to see how that works. I'm just going in with
Lee now to learn about AI, which stands for artificial insemination.
Tom shows Lee how to inseminate the sow the scientific way, using the
diluted boar's semen. It's not a particularly pleasant job but Lee
doesn't seem phased. The most important part to remember is to go
upwards. How often do you inseminate the pics? On a weekly
basis, from Monday to to Friday. Each gilt will have Freeserve's,
whereas a sow will only have two -- three serves. We need a steady flow
of AI flowing. It helps them to think they have a boar with them.
How was it to learn about AI? think I need to learn to be patient.
It is relatively simple. Are you nervous about your first
insemination? Yes, I'm nervous and I'm also curious. The first pigs
for the new unit in China will be loaded onto planes in the next few
days. This really is a large scale industrial operation which seems
quite remote from my idea of traditional pig farming. People
have the perception of genetics of people in white coats. We're not
doing that. Testing is undertaken on the farm, the data is gathered
and it is run to a computer. The top rank animals are retained in
the breeding programme. What would you say to people who describe
these sorts of farming methods as factory methods? And animal will
not perform to its highest per -- potential without everything it
requires, which is environment, food, water, it has got to be
comfortable. Without that, it will fail to perform. For the Chinese
workers, the training is over and it's time to celebrate and say
goodbye to their training manager James. And what better way to do it
than with a meal out in York? In a Chinese restaurant, of course. Can
I order the shredded pork and preserved vegetable soup? James
devised the training plan for the Chinese workers and has spent the
last six weeks with them. It is by sea. It has been a new experience
for me, but in training plans together for people from different
cultures, and trying to learn a little bit about their culture.
Have you been over to China? yet. What have they told you to
expect? Spicy food! And there's more to come as the joint venture
between East Yorkshire and China was cemented a couple of weeks ago
with the opening of a brand new pig unit in Guandong province. See soon.
Take care. If you want to contact us about any of tonight's stories
you can do through our Facebook paid for through based -- Twitter.
After two tragic deaths in three months, Jamie Coulson assesses what the future might hold for the famous Red Arrows display team. Also Chris Jackson goes on the trail of the litter louts and Asha Tanna finds out why pigs might fly - to China.