03/12/2012 Inside Out Yorkshire and Lincolnshire


Will rising costs and congestion lead motorists to abandon their cars? And what a report into road and rail travel means for the region's transport planners.

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Good evening and welcome to Inside Out. Tonight it is all about


transport. Here is what is coming up on the show. We motorists had to


put up with congestion, a fuel price rises, insurance headaches.


And parking charges. So why does our love affair with the car


continued? I tried to find out as figures show that more of us are


driving. Also tonight we find out what Transport Research means for


those planning our roads and railways. For 70% of the population


people need to use cars. I do not see that the car is coming to an


end. There are two useful. But we need to think about the model of


how we use them. And swapping four wheels for two


wheels as we send polar explorer Paul Rose of on his bicycle. It is


For years experts have been predicting that we will fall out of


love with our cars. But in spite of increasing costs and congestion


research suggests that more people in our area and getting behind the


wheel. But in the rest of the UK car usage is in decline. White is


our love affair with the car still going so strong? I have been to


find out, in my calf. There has been a slump in petrol


sales... The drop is partly put down to more fuel efficient cars


and higher prices at the pumps was a I remember I used to put a five


bring to last me all week but now all fuel prices are the tip of the


iceberg when it comes to the cost that motorists face. Even when


you're not driving they hit you in the wallet. These neighbours have


faced a stark choice between a 400% rise in charges to park outside


their own home or a free for all with other motorists. So are you


also deserting the car? The car is still king for that personal


freedom it gives you. If you want a successful economy you need a


successful transport system. This is the reality for many people


- the morning commute, the journey home, stuck in traffic. There is a


theory that we have reached what some experts have turned Peak Car.


That describes the moment when motorists abandoned their wheels in


favour of other forms of transport. But frankly sitting here I'm not


convinced. And neither is the organisation representing 15


million drivers. Trends show that certain things are diminishing,


mileage is dropping, people are trying to make one trip instead of


three. That is mainly as a direct response to fuel prices. It is just


the current trend at the moment. But when the economy will pick up


interest in cars will start rising again. These commuters spend 86


hours per year in traffic jams. That is almost four solid days. And


right now I could not have picked a worse place to drive in the UK. The


roads around Leeds and Bradford are the most congested in the country


according to research. But the 7th worst in Europe. I fought by way


through the traffic to and meet Dr David Milne from Leeds University's


Department of Transport. Essentially the traffic is down to


lack of alternatives that people have to travel around. What


relevance does Peak Car have to Leeds and Bradford? There is the


potential to reach that in places like this where the traffic routes


are so constrained, probably more so than some other places. What you


would then seek is the economy is suffering, more than anything else.


Other cities with better transport systems would be moving forward


where we are not. It is quite a controversial concept in the sense


that it is based on some observations that have been made in


the past decade or so, whether previously expected increases in


cart used to not appear to have happened. So what is the answer?


Leeds City Council does claim to be in charge of Dolores -- the largest


urban area. So we need something like this super tram which of


course now is not happening. Some kind of system like that to


actually give people a real alternative. Meanwhile it is back


to the future for Leeds transport system. Radford withdrew its last


trolleybus service in 1972. Work on the new scheme in Leeds to recreate


a trolleybus network is set to start in 2016. They used to run in


Leeds 100 years ago. But they will not start services for six years


and by that time traffic could have increased hugely. Some people away


from large towns and cities have little choice but to own a car if


they want to get about. This is the picturesque village of rural


Lincolnshire, a beautiful place to be. Unless you are stuck here. This


is the daily commute for Keighley Dobson. She has not passed a test


and cannot afford a car. She works a few miles from home and this is


the only way to get there that does not involve wearing out shoe


leather. It is quite difficult, it is quite breezy and chilly and


treacherous at times. The problem is that the nearest bus leaves from


the neighbouring village two-and-a- half miles away. Along the dangers


stretch of road far from ideal for cyclists and pedestrians.


We're all just stockier now and there's no way to get to the


nearest town about three miles away. You must feel isolated? We do. It


is beautiful here but we would appreciate it more if we could get


out now on them. The village with no bus service does have a bus stop.


And Susan is leading a campaign to have the service reinstated. Last


year we did not even know that the bus was going to finish until one


of the bus drivers just happened to say that on 30th as of next week,


you will lose your bus. There are a lot of elderly people and young


people in the village. And they cannot get to their appointments


and things in other villages. We have been in contact with lingered


should County Council. I contacted the local MP who intent again


contacted the county council but they said there was nothing they


could do until the contracts for the bosses change again in 2014.


The council says it will look at the possibility of providing a


connected bus for people to use at fixed times if there is enough


interest. Some motorists have to put up with congestion, fuel price


rises, insurance headaches old and parking charges. That is the big


topic here in Grimsby. The council proposed raising the charges for


these neighbours to park outside their own homes, up from �15 to �80


a year. I used to pay for it took payments of �15 a month. For


friends and family to come and visit they need a permit as well.


But this is prime parking for town centre workers leaving residents


fighting for as space. I am a Blue badge holder but I cannot always


get part of my own street. The council had said that the scheme


would be self financing and would not make a profit. It would keep


none of residents from parking there. But then be scrapped the


scheme leaving a free-for-all with no restrictions. The residents are


now fighting to retain the scheme but with lower prices. Even after


all that motorists have to contend with, Peak Car does not look as if


it will be clearing the roads any time soon. Not until the


alternatives to car ownership are more attractive and reliable,


anyway. Still to come to light, we're on two wheels cycling coast


to coast on the way of the Roses. Wish me luck. Research suggests


more people in Yorkshire are driving but when it comes to the


national picture it is very different. It suggests some people


are choosing to swap their car for other ways of travelling. The BBC


transport correspondent has been looking at this. And seeing what


they mean to the people who plant our transport networks.


Building roads as controversial. But not building them could also be


controversial. How do the planners get it right? How do they decide


where to spend our taxes on road or rail? The only way you can ever be


sure of is to beam yourself into the future. We all know how easy


that is! When these fans watch their


favourite series back in the 60s, we thought we knew how we would be


travelling by 2012. There was talk of having a little personal car


that flu. But science fiction got it wrong. Most of us now get around


the same when we did 50 years ago. Ever since I can remember we have


assumed that traffic is just going to get worse and worse. After all,


we really loved our cars. Or maybe not. There is a rumour


going around transport circles but we're falling out of love with our


four wheels. They have even given it a name - Peak Car. So what is


Peak Car? Just look at UK traffic growth in the 60s and 70s when we


could not get enough cars. By the 90s the trend was already slowing.


And in 2002 average mileage per person stalled. Is the love affair


with the car cooling down? What seems to be happening in many


countries including even America, is that traffic growth due to car


use simply is not going ahead at the same rate as it used to.


Inside Out has been given the first piece of indexed research into Peak


Car in the UK. This report is full of surprises, it shows that whilst


some of us are driving more than ever, others are dramatically


Take young men, for example. Now, when I was young, I couldn't wait


to get my hands on my dad's mark 4 Cortina with reversing lights.


Passing your test was seen as a rite of passage, but apparently


that is changing. Market trader Lee Vernon is 19, but he won't be


adding to the traffic around Mansfield, Nottinghamshire any time


soon. He is selling up because he has just been quoted �2,800 to


insure his three-wheeler. I really love it. It's a great looking car,


a really classic car. They're really rare, but the insurance is


too much and I can't afford it. research shows Lee is not alone.


Young men are driving 2,000 miles a year less than they were in 1995.


Women, though, young and old, are actually driving more than they


used to. So what is going on? think what's changed, attitude wise,


everybody just gave up and got that used to usig Facebook and their


phones and sitting around, or using public transport. I don't think


anybody cares about cars anymore. So what else has the report found?


Well, this is the rainy 7.16am from Warwick Parkway to Marylebone. Over


the last two years the numbers using this line have gone up by a


staggering 40%. And according to the report that is in line with a


national trend. Since the mid-'90s the distance the average person


travels by rail has soared by more than 60%. The last time the trains


were this busy was during the war. The key croak we have seen it is


business travel in the morning, we can do some work, and the other is


in leisure travel, where it has become much cheaper at the same


time as fuel prices are increasing. The value equation is suddenly


tilting towards rail. While business travel by rail is up,


company car mileage is down - by 40% between 1995 and 2007 - so that


is before any recession. Scrapping tax breaks made the difference and


it has had a big impact on traffic in London. Fairfax Hall runs a


London company making specialist gin and vodka and thinks he has


distilled the perfect formula for company travel. Whenever they need


a car or van they book it from a car club and pick it up from a


designated parking space 15 minutes later. We are a small start-up


business and like many you do not have a large motor money, so we


invested it in to the distillery itself. Investing money into a van


did not seem like good use of capital. The other benefit is


flexibility. You can jump in what is essentially a brand-new vehicle


and drive it at 15 minutes' notice. So here is a question, what does


all this research mean for the future of cars and the car


industry? After all, we have had a bit of a boom recently. The UK is


on course to produce more cars than at any time since 1972. But that is


not because we are all buying ourselves a new motor. 80% are


being exported - these Minis are heading to Asia and South America.


Last month in London at the RAC's Future Car Challenge, another


famous sci-fi face was in no doubt what the future holds. I do not see


that the car is coming to an end, I think there are two useful. But we


need to rethink the model of how we'd used cars. Electric cars are


part of that. Inner-city it makes much more sense. And it is not just


the car industry that will be looking at this research. The


Department for Transport is planning a major road building


programme based on their model that traffic will increase by a 44%


increase over the next two decades or so. But what if they have got it


wrong? After all, since 1989, successive governments have


overestimated traffic growth. This is the range of predictions. The


red line is what actually happened. There is always a risk that


forecasts will be wrong but the key thing than the Department of


Transport for customers is that it takes a wide and rich set of data,


he ensures that it is rigorously analysed. There's a lot of useful


things in his research for us to go and look at but I am not convinced


the year shows we have reached Peak Car. The Government points out the


UK population is predicted to grow by another 10 million in the next


25 years. And the RAC Foundation, who helped fund the report, says


that means we are still going to need more roads. This is not the


end of the car. People will need to use cars unless they have railways


and buses available, most people will not have those things. Almost


half a century ago when Star Trek started this is what we thought


travel in the 23rd century might look like - and it is pure '60s. It


just shows how difficult it is to predict the future. But the danger


is assuming it will look like an enlarged version of the present.


More car traffic has been the transport story of the past 50


years, it may not be the story of the next 50. What does this button


If you would like to know more about her car traffic has changed


in various areas of the country, lock on to the website. If you're


getting fed up with your car, why not swap four wheels for two. The


coast-to-coast cycle road has only been open for two years but has


already proved one of the most popular bike routes in the country.


We've sent Paul Rose to find out why do three of the -- wider Way of


the Roses cycle weight is proving such a hit. There's nothing I like


more than a challenge from braving the wilds of Antarctica, to


plumbing the depths of the sea. In my role as Vice President of the


Royal Geographical Society I've been to some of the world's most


spectacular sites. But there are few things that can compare to the


bracing thrill of the sea air in Britain especially when an exciting


challenge looms much closer to home. Over the next few days I'm going to


be taking on the Way Of The Roses plugging into cycle mania on a


popular route which cuts through Lancashire and Yorkshire,


showcasing some of the best landscape both counties have to


offer. It's a 170-mile trip which goes from the west coast here in


Morecambe to Bridlington on the east, so I've come ready prepared.


Have got my map, warm hat and gloves, evening wear, and some


dancing shoes! So, all togged up it's time to get this show on the


road. Wish me luck. So, with a kindly wave from one of Morecambe's


favourite, sons, I'm heading east. Since the Olympic cyclists struck


gold, and with Bradley Wiggins and Mark Cavendish dominating the Tour


de France, the sport of cycling has been shifting through the gears so


quickly it seems it's now in danger of becoming a national obsession.


It's going to take more than the setback of Lance Armstrong's doping


scandal to kill this kind of enthusiasm, and as I head of on the


first leg of my adventure, it's not hard to see why. I always say that


I am as excited when Ali the front door on a simple journey as when I


go on a polar journey, and it is absolutely true. This is a lovely


Jenny, the start of something brand new. The route is part of the


sustainable transport charity Sustran's attempt to establish a


network of bike friendly travel routes, linking communities without


the need of a car. On the western side, it meanders through Morecambe


and Lancaster before breaking out into the countryside at the


spectacular Crook of Lune. It feels good to have put a few miles behind


me, but with the Pennines rapidly approaching, I grab a fellow


cyclist for a bit of advice on what to prepare for. I'm thinking ahead


to the hill at Settle, what is it like? Tough, it really tough.


thought he would say was a piece of cake. You'll need a piece of cake


When you get the top! By then, you will not be in Lancashire any more.


I would have made the border. You're almost at the border here.


Swapping Red rose for White, I'm soon safely over the great divide


and heading into the heart of the Yorkshire Dales. Coming up on the


horizon is Settle, where there's plenty of opportunity to stock up


on supplies. This is a beautiful place to stop but also the place


for one of the greatest challenges because there is an enormous hole


right up there. I'm going to give it a go. Seems all right so far up!


With a height above sea level nearly half that of Mount Snowdon,


it's reckoned to be the toughest section of the route. Well, that's


enough excitement for one day. It really starts to bright and


certainly plays the cobwebs out. But smooth road ahead, I am ready.


Now's the chance to get my breath back. And once I've got a few more


miles under my belt I'll be looking for somewhere to spend the night.


While I'm catching up on a bit of R and R, a few miles off the official


route it's nice to see the younger generation hard at work. What we


are doing is teaching the children basic cycling skills so they are


able to handle their bikes with confident, so there will be able to


ride, be safe and be competent cyclists. Established just over two


years ago to capitalise on the bike boom, Ilkley Cycle club has now


become one of the fastest growing clubs in the country. We have 312


used members know which is quite incredible for small town.


before long, a few of these could be dreaming of going for gold.


like Mark Cavendish. I like Chris Whyte and Bradley Wiggins. It's a


Sunday today and perhaps the busiest day of the week for those


who like to get out and about. So I'm up bright and early to see


who's on the road. Today my journey will take me from the Yorkshire


Dales through the Vale of York and to the threshold Yorkshire Wolds, a


trio of delights best savoured under your own steam. The route has


attracted at least 14,000 coast to coasters in its first two years,


among them one of the enthusiasts who helped create it. Have you seen


her real upsurge in cycling? Yes, people take it up because of the


Tour de France, because of the Olympics. We have seen cycling on


the front page of newspapers rather than the back page. In business,


cycling is becoming the new Golf, people going out on a bike to make


deals. What is your feeling on maintaining this level of interest?


We have to look at local councils and that government putting in


place training scheme so that people get the safety training. We


have to keep this going to make sure this perfect wave carries on.


With the mist closing in and Martin due back home for a well-earned


Sunday roast, it's time for both of us to call it a day. I can't wait


for what tomorrow might bring. Day three, I'm up early, a bit of a


change in the weather, but I have stopped him Pocklington to meet a


couple for whom cycling is a bit of a way of life. Nice to meet you.


Keith and Anne Benton have nearly 150 years of cycling experience


between them, and even as veterans their annual mileage is awesome.


keep a record and the showers so far we have done just over 7000


miles. He caught the bug first? suppose I did really. I think my


father promised me a bike if I passed my eleven-plus. And so, from


then, once I had a bike, by to school and then friends had bikes


so we started going out. How did it start for you both? When we were


first courting, she borrowed her brother's bike and we cycled six or


seven miles and back. Could you join me for a bit of this? We will


take you to Driffield and a cafe. We would love to. What is it that


cycling really gives you? I was 12 when I bought my first bike and are


as able to get out and enjoy the countryside, which normally was not


accessible. But to have a bike, I had the wind on my back and the sun.


It was sheer bliss. Could we saw the benefits of cycling? Over the


years, we have seen folks come in who are overweight and they have


started cycling, and they have to shed the pounds. You can shed the


Pounds will drinking tea and eating cake! Yes. We cycle to eat! So,


with another enjoyable pitstop over it's time for us to go our separate


ways, and I can start reeling in the rest of the miles on my own.


Pocklington, Tibthorpe, Burton Agnes and Hutton Cranswick, it's


like poetry reeling off these wonderful East Yorkshire names. My


last. Before the end. But looking at the weather, it will be a while


before I see it. Time to get these aching bones back in the saddle.


And so to my ultimate destination 165 miles behind me and just five


more to go. I'm getting excited, I can almost smell the sea air. It


has given me a real boost. And here I am at journey's end. With a final


flourish along the shores of a deserted North Sea, I have to admit


I'm kind of sad I've simply run out of cycle path to use up. I'm here


after a brilliant three days. Really, a lovely three days. The


thing that has been on my mind throughout the whole journey is


just how accessible litters. It is a lovely, easy read going through


lots of lovely countryside, it is well marked, and anybody can do it


on any bike at any level of fitness. If you, this time of year, you get


the beach to yourself! If that has inspired you to get on your bike,


Toby Foster finds out if motorists are ready to abandon their cars as they feel the pinch from rising costs and congestion. And Richard Westcott investigates a new report into road and rail travel and finds out what it means for the people who plan our transport network. Also the explorer Paul Rose takes on an epic Yorkshire bike ride to see how the 'Olympic effect' is influencing our views on cycling.

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