04/02/2013 Inside Out Yorkshire and Lincolnshire


Toby Foster investigates why increasing food prices are fuelling a rural crime wave. Plus, Lucy Hester meets some South Yorkshire locals planning to be frozen when they die.

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Hello and welcome to Inside Out. This evening, we are in Chevrolet.


Marks & Spencer in the firing line. �1 million fine for ASBOs stock --


for asbestos. It is reasonable to assume that it would have been


licensed to as best as removal company. The thieves cashing in on


high food prices and targeting our farmers. It is a combination of


deer food, economic recession and a relatively soft target. We can set


-- Storrar whole body so you are going to have four whole body is.


We meet the people who believe they can be frozen into the future.


few things the alternative is oblivion, what have you got to


lose? It was established over a century


ago in meets now Marks & Spencer is one of our most trusted brands. In


2011, the company was fined �1 million over health and safety


breaches when handling asbestos in one of its stores. The judge said


M&S had turned a blind eye to complaints and could have put


shoppers at risk. Were these problems confined to just one


store? We investigate. Richard worked as a joiner and shop


fitter in the 1960s. A lot of his work was with ASDA stores in Marks


& Spencers in the North including Barnsley, Worksop and Hull. When he


was cutting up the ports and shipping them to size, he describes


how much asbestos dust was released into the atmosphere. In 2010, he


died of mesothelioma, a cancer caused by breathing asbestos. His


former employer paid compensation. M&S says his exposure could have


come from many sources. It is impossible to say the link to


working in M&S is the cause because these people work for long time


over a variety of different projects in many buildings. It is


unfortunate that many of the people who worked in the building trade at


that time were exposed to asbestos. There are also staff members to its


claim to developed asbestos related diseases from working at M&S. Peter


Jackson was a warehouseman at M&S for almost 30 years. Seven years


ago, he was diagnosed with Jesus and -- mesothelioma. The doctors


kept saying you must have worked with asbestos. He said, I haven't.


Them p to record a 12 week period in 1977 when the Ashton store has


been refurbished. He was breathing dust from some working tiles.


could see the dust in the air, men doing the work, him boiler suits


and masks what I wore my ordinary clothes and didn't have any


protection. The dust contained asbestos. Peter died of


mesothelioma him to win -- 2008 and was paid compensation by M&S.


you look back to the 60s, 70s and 80s, it is possible staff were


exposed to asbestos in our stores. Society didn't understand the risks


back them. It is tragic our staff were affected in this way. Any


illness relating to asbestos is terrible and we did pay


compensation which is a right. Our society has learnt and we have


learnt and our policies have become industry leading. But retailers


have stores that contain asbestos. Some have been fined for breaching


the regulations. They include House of Fraser, the top, Topshop and


John Lewis. Evidence we have of how Ellis, and some of its come from


actors handle asbestos in the stores is worrying. It suggests


that the risks to customers, staff and contractors may not have been


fully acknowledged. One case in particular is concerning. In 1988,


M&S refurbishes its store in Marble Arch in London. William Wallace, a


health and safety officer, is horrified by what he sees. There


were minefields, asbestos mine fields for want of a better


expression. You could not have guaranteed the safety of anybody.


He says he flags up the problems with little effect so he begins


copy him pages from reports left by the day and night shifts for the


construction manager. This report from April 1998 says that a shift


has done it again. Cladding has been stripped with a sledgehammer.


Asbestos is everywhere. It's the third occasion in a week where


they've had to clear up after a dangerous occurrence. Somebody has


to control the day shift if they don't want the store closed and the


HSE crawling all over them. Horrendous, shocking, scandalous. I


recommend it that in areas where there was asbestos, it be handed


over to the licensed asbestos removal company. He rides Everest


chairman Sir Richard Greenbury and meet senior managers. Come the Met


says it takes the matter seriously and is taking the appropriate


action. What action did it take? the face of it, the allegations are


of worrying but our team thoroughly investigated it on the day, they


resent -- investigated it three months afterwards, and we could


find no case whatsoever to say that any member of staff or member of


public was put at risk. M&S says William Wallace was mistake about


what materials may have contained asbestos. We understand there was


not asbestos everywhere. We invited Mr Wallace in. We met him in a


third party location. His claims were discussed, he went away, we


think, happy. At the same time, he was not taking this to the agency.


There was a case to answer. Wallace begins working as a safety


manager added Moss and Spencer store and is horrified again.


was very little control on various contractors who were being asked to


work on or with him as a ceiling voids. There were other reports of


incidents that had occurred as very frightening. By Marina tip-off, the


Health and Safety Executive swoops on the Reading store. M&S is


prosecuted. This building worker gave evidence. He fears been


blacklisted by the industry so we've disguised his identity. He


described the goal stacking sand wedge packs. You could see the dust


for him Dail on to this girl. We asked her to move somewhere else.


But the manager went ballistic at us. He told us not to tell her


where to go. The gaps in the ceiling are sealed with hardboard.


These fell Dereham, merrily missing a child. You would have to say that


trials would have had asbestos fibres am dust. As would the mother


and everybody else. M&S tried to blame contractors for their


problems. We will make sure that never happens again. We checked


Dorothy -- thoroughly the policies and we are clear the policy to date


is a leading standard in industry and probably in the world.


firms were switched on the weather was potentially asbestos which


could have been taken into the rest of the store. This was regrettable.


The implementation was not good. We are sorry about that and we have


taken steps to make sure it never happens again. M&S was fined �1


million and ordered to pay �600,000 in costs. The judge said there had


been a systemic failure by M&S management. Their response to


asbestos a year -- complaints was to turn a blind eye because the


asbestos work was already costings the company too much. To keep


profits as high as reasonably possible, insufficient time and


space were allocated to asbestos removal. M&S has never put profit


before safety. There was no blind eye. Investigations were full and


thorough. We had a good policy which the judge said was sensible


and practical. The implementation was not good. We regret that. We


are disappointed by those judge's comments. The judge said that


everybody had no right to be anxious about whether they breathed


about the -- asbestos fibres and what effect that might have about


their well-being in the future. But M&S disagrees. I think him expert


testimony in Reading, there was no risk to customers or staff for.


contractors will also find and the company was a not guilty of


asbestos breaches in Plymouth and Bournemouth. Every year, more than


4,000 people die of mesothelioma and asbestos-related lung cancer.


It can take decades to develop. The pace of the disease means many


people never know when or where they were exposed to asbestos. Full


Marks & Spencer and the whole of the retail industry what happened


10, 20 or 30 years ago may still have an impact today. Any


suggestion that contractors, shop workers will customers were put at


risk deserves to be re-examined. We meet the people preparing for life


Now, sheep rustling may be seen as an old-fashioned crime but cases


have doubled since 2010. It's thought the rise is due to land be


more expensive so the stolen ship are being sold illegally as food.


Now it is a battle in the countryside to stay one step ahead


of the thieves. The north of England boasts miles


upon miles of stunning countryside. As well as beautiful views, it


provides a living for those who raise animals and work the land.


But this vast countryside also provides a great hiding place for


people who aren't so keen on an honest day's work. The thieves who


are targeting farmers and their stock. We take our ship away for


winter grazing. We went back a month later to take more of way and


we fouled 32 of them stolen. Martin Mitchell is a hill farmer in County


Durham. All his sheep were insured but the loss of them is more than


just financial. Not all sheep are the same. The sheep on your land,


they will stay in the area that you own. So, you can't just go out and


buy a sheep and put them on your land because they will wander off


and go. Martin's animals disappeared without trace. He's now


rebuilding his flock and stepping up security, especially during the


winter months. Thefts might be easier during long, winter nights


In the last two years, cases of rustling have more than doubled and


it's a costly business. And that his �800 of my money that has been


taken from me. Kevin Wilson knows what's it's like


to be on the wrong end of the rural crime wave. He farms out of the


small village of Blubberhouses in North Yorkshire, but rents fields


all over the county to graze his sheep. We go round on Sunday


morning, checking stock. I realised that a vehicle had been through a


gateway. In this field, there were 200 feeding lambs. I gathered the


lambs up in the field and counted them and realised approximately ten


had gone missing. Kevin, though, is luckier than


Martin and amazingly, within a few days, the police had tracked down


his sheep. It was just in that area between those trees and the river


where the sheep were recovered. It's less than two miles as the


crow flies from where they'd gone. Down there, they're well out of


public view. For me to recognise one of my sheep, at a distance, you


can see the red mark that is on the side of the animal. Also, the


Shipard tag, everyone has to be, so they have individual numbers -- the


animal has a tag. So I can go into a flock of sheep and identify my


lambs by that. So job done. But what happened to


the thieves who stole them? They did a flit, they'd gone the


following morning. Word had got out that we had


identified the site of interest to All the same, Mark has an idea


about who stole Kevin's sheep and today, he's making enquiries in the


Tadcaster area, near York. I am from Knaresborough, just doing some


inquiries into suspect vehicles. you give us the details, we do it...


Pay Cichon, which is what we want. So it is time to hit the road again.


But why have sheep become such a popular target for thieves?


price of meat is going up, so when you have hard times and the food


costs going there but you have effectively all of this food in the


countryside, fairly nightie protected, then you would expect


the rustling situation to increase -- likely protected.


Stolen sheep are ending up on our dinner plates, but there's a


warning for anyone who thinks black market meat is a bargain. Some


people may be thinking it they get offered cheap meat, it is very


tempting at the moment, but it has been butchered in the core of a


field or in the back of a truck, that is the hygiene situation. It


is not a good a deal as you might think.


Back in North Yorkshire and the hunt is still on for the rustlers.


Mark Ayre is off to Clitheroe market to follow up reports of


sheep thieves trying to do business there. I wondered if you could just


to check your computer records to see if this individual has carried


out any transactions. We have won just over the top here.


Mark compares notes with a colleague from Lancashire police,


who hit the headlines with their first conviction for sheep rustling


in 100 years. We traced them to County Durham and


then we got them on a DNA and traced them back to a small village


called Chipping. And those sheep belonged to farmer


Robin Dean, who farms just outside Chipping, near Preston.


When did you first notice you were missing 55 sheep? I'd gone at seven


o'clock in the morning to feed them and there were only two left in the


field. So I immediately knew there was something amiss. So you phoned


the police. Did you ever think you'd see your sheep again? No, I


have to admit I didn't, really. Even though they were in lamb, I


thought they'd be slaughtered and used for meat. If that had happened,


there'd be no trace of them. And that's where DC Elaine Smalley


comes in. Officers attended a farm in Durham, where Mr Dean was able


to identify his sheep. That led to the arrest of two people for the


theft of them, but one of the people was maintaining that he'd


bred them. So what we did was we DNAed the sheep and some of the


parents of the sheep, which proved that they'd been bred at this farm.


Were you surprised when the police suggested DNA testing? Yes, I was,


actually. It was quite funny that we had to go to those lengths.


I initially mentioned it to the victim in this case, I think he


thought I was bonkers but I explained it was something we had


to do to get that to court, so that someone would be brought to justice


as a result of the theft. Over in North Yorkshire, PC Mark


Ayre has made an unexpected breakthrough.


While making his enquiries, he's come across a local resident who


has some useful information. The man wishes to remain anonymous.


certainly substantiates the sightings of the vehicle in the


area. And which was what we were trying to set out to do in the


first place. Mark does make an arrest and a man


is charged but a few months down the line, the case is dropped at


court. And neither of the two thieves who


stole Robin Dean's sheep received custodial sentences either. For


stealing �15,000 worth of sheep, there'll be some farmers who think


those sentences are nowhere near stiff enough. That's right. Having


spoken to some of the farming community, they've said, "Will that


deter would-be sheep thieves?". I think not. It is always at the back


of your mind, we did leave some stock in the field, or you take


them away, you always think that they be, will they be there when


you come to load them back up? You just have to keep your fingers


crossed and hope you are not targeted again.


Now, for a group of people in South Yorkshire, planning for the future


has taken on a whole new meaning. Here in Sheffield is where UK


Cryonics has its headquarters. Members want to be frozen when they


die, in the hope that they can be brought back to life again in the


future. Lucy Hester has been to meet them.


On a quiet suburban street in Sheffield, in a garage, a small


group of people are working together to try and cheat death.


if you bring the arms ban. They're in the resurrection


business. It sounds like sci-fi stuff, but they are deadly serious.


This dummy is fondly known as Bob, but the procedure these people are


practising now will eventually be carried out for real - on one of


them. They're cryonicists. They want to


be frozen when they die in the hope that, at some point in the future,


the medical technology will exist to bring them back to life again.


And this ordinary house in Sheffield is the countrywide


headquarters for UK Cryonics - a group of likeminded people who


promise to help get each other's dead bodies in tip-top condition


for the deep freeze. The point of UK Cryonics is to be


there when the person dies. As soon as death has been pronounced, we


can cool them down, carry out the initial procedures, so they can be


shipped to America without any further degradation of the body


during the transport period. America and - recently - Russia are


the only places where you can be specially stored and frozen


indefinitely, so this is a timed trial of the pre-freezing


preparations. Lopes, wrong one. idea is that if someone's going to


live again, they need to preserve the brain as well as they can. So


they cool the body, inject a cocktail of preserving chemicals


and start mechanical CPR to keep oxygenated blood pumping around.


None of these people are medically trained, and there has been no one


to practice on for real, because none of their members have died in


suitable circumstances. It is one thing to work on a dummy,


it is another thing to work on a person that you know. I know, it is


quite scary. You just have to say that the best thing you can do for


this person is to get them preserved in the best possible way,


and then just putted out of your mind and get on with doing the job.


That put it out of your mind. you think about that? Yes, it is


scary. What's going on in there is really


a gamble. Not just a gamble that the technology will ever exist to


resurrect them, but a gamble that they'll be able to make what they


call a good preservation. Ever optimistic, though, parked on


the driveway is the cryonicist's so called "ambulance to the future".


We have got a ramp at the back for wheeling the patient in on the


trolley, and the suspension lowers the so we can get them in quite


easily. The ambulance would be despatched


from Sheffield to the deathbed of one of their members, manned by a


team of volunteers ready to start the preservation process


immediately that person is pronounced legally dead. And if


necessary, we can work on them in the ambulance as we are driving to


the undertakers. It sought to strikes me as a bit of a gamble.


is a gamble. But if you think, the alternative is a Bolivian, then


what have you got to lose? -- oblivion.


I've come to the Hunterian Museum in London. It's a kind of temple to


mortality and the frailty of the flesh. It's the 18th-century


collection of one surgeon, full of preserved specimens of human and


animal body parts. This is precisely what Garret Smyth wants


to transcend by being cryo- preserved. I don't see it as being


dead. More like suspended de- animation. An interlude. So you're


going to be frozen and shipped off to America? Yes, but just my head.


That can make make people think "Ugh". How can you live without a


body? You couldn't - they'd have to grow you a new set of limbs and


organs. For anybody who is news to cryonics, they would listen to that


and say it is fantastical, it is not real. Every step has a


scientific basis to it. But it is all on the edge of research, so I


can't show it you working now. If you had said to someone before the


first heart transplant, "We'll cut your heart out and replace it with


one from a dead person", you'd have just been laughed at. I have, as


yet, to hear a good argument put forward for being dead.


Leaving the museum, I'm struck by how much of the cryonicist's plans


are built on hopes and dreams - and I wonder if a dead body could ever


be brought to life. At the Institute of Nanotechnology in


Glasgow, scientists say freezing a brain would be unlike freezing any


other human organ. The brain's complexity means any cell damage


could be catastrophic. The brain is a complex three-dimensional map of


nerve cells that are connected to each other. And you don't have to


change much of that to alter someone's personality, memories,


behaviour. You just have to see what happens with people who have


dementia or who have had strokes. To say you can take all the fluid


out and just replace it with cryo- protectant and expect most of it to


This is Arizona. It's the final destination for most of the UK's


cryonicists. In the heat of the desert, they'll be deep frozen at


Alcor's life-extension facility. Inside is a gallery - photos of the


113 people stored here already, silently waiting to start the


second of many life cycles. When the bodies arrive - or in Garret's


case, his head - they're brought here to the lab, to be cooled to


very low temperatures. We're going to do the separation, take the head,


place it into here, tighten it down, and then use the medical grade


antifreeze and flush out the head, rather than the entire body. It's


also cheaper to have the head - or neuro - option, $80,000. A full


body preservation will set you back around $200,000. Most people pay


through life insurance. We got a full tour of Alcor. This


is where the so-called patients are stored - in a kind of giant thermos


flask full of liquid nitrogen. The temperature is minus 196


Celsius. They are divided into four quadrants. For different sections.


In each section, we can store a whole body. If a person chooses a


new row, we can actually get 10 containers within the size and


space -- a neuro. We also do pets. But we require that the members are


also signed up, we won't take a pet and thus their owners are being


preserve. For Alcor, it's a waiting game for


science to perform a miracle and make it all possible.


I really have very little idea of when we will bring back our


patients. Of a surprise to be takes more than a century, it may take


less. But when we do come back, the people there will well-preserved


will come back first. It may not even require highly advanced


technology, we just need to fix what killed them, fix the ageing


process. For other people, it may be a lot longer but we really have


to look into how we can repair damaged parts of the brains, it can


be very challenging. And there will be many patients, probably, under


none ideal conditions, who we won't be able to bring back. Alcor is no


stranger to controversy. In 2009, an ex-employee made gruesome


allegations concerning the treatment of bodies in Alcor's care


- although he retracted these following court action. Despite


that, 1,000 people worldwide are signed up, and counting.


Back in Sheffield, they're all set for the future. Stored in the


garage, Mike shows me the transport box which will be used for their


members' final journey to the US. There is space all around which we


can fill up with dry ice. This is science fiction. It's not


possible to bring a long-dead body back to life. But the cryonicists


believe it will be possible in the future - and this represents their


best chance yet of living forever. Well, that is it from us for


tonight. You can follow us on Twitter and Facebook, the details


Toby Foster investigates why the rising price of food is fuelling a rural crime wave. And Lucy Hester meets a group in South Yorkshire who are planning to be frozen when they die.

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