06/03/2017 Inside Out Yorkshire and Lincolnshire


06/03/2017

How a study into children's health in Bradford could help combat asthma in the future. And former world champion Johnny Nelson meets womens boxing legend Barbara Buttrick.


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Transcript


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This week, the link between diesel fumes and asthma.

:00:00.:00:08.

And the woman boxer who had to fight to

:00:09.:00:10.

On tonight's programme, researchers looked at the

:00:11.:00:30.

link between traffic pollution and asthma.

:00:31.:00:32.

Could diesel fumes actually cause some people to develop asthma?

:00:33.:00:34.

that his asthma is linked to pollution.

:00:35.:00:38.

Also tonight, here in York, they've introduced

:00:39.:00:50.

antipollution measures but over in Germany's screen city,

:00:51.:00:53.

You have to buy a parking space and that will cost,

:00:54.:00:57.

A world champion boxer meets another

:00:58.:01:03.

world champion boxer who had to fight to be accepted.

:01:04.:01:06.

I think, those days, they didn't want girls to play

:01:07.:01:08.

You know, because girls don't do this and girls don't do that.

:01:09.:01:20.

Could traffic pollution be causing children to develop asthma?

:01:21.:01:25.

Certainly, pollution is something you can't get awa

:01:26.:01:27.

Researchers have been to Bradford to study the link between asthma,

:01:28.:01:31.

and emissions from diesel vehicles and they've talked to our health

:01:32.:01:34.

You can barely see it but polluted air, mainly from traffic,

:01:35.:01:40.

It's been linked to Alzheimer's, heart attacks, even cancer.

:01:41.:01:48.

But the most common air quality ailment is asthma.

:01:49.:01:52.

I've never been strangled but I can sort of related

:01:53.:01:57.

Even though what happened to Cameron couldn't have been prevented,

:01:58.:02:03.

there is a lot of people out there that if they don't

:02:04.:02:06.

take their asthma seriously, this could happen to them too.

:02:07.:02:12.

Inner city Bradford has both high levels of air pollution,

:02:13.:02:14.

and a higher than average number of asthma sufferers.

:02:15.:02:16.

So there's a strong chance the two are connected.

:02:17.:02:23.

The numbers involved could mean pollution is actually causing

:02:24.:02:25.

But so far no one's been able to confirm this.

:02:26.:02:31.

Scientists have suspected it, parents have suspected it,

:02:32.:02:34.

the evidence was never considered sufficient.

:02:35.:02:38.

The challenge for scientists is to prove the link,

:02:39.:02:42.

and to find out which elements of the cocktail of noxious gases

:02:43.:02:46.

spilling out of this traffic may be triggering asthma attacks.

:02:47.:02:53.

At this inner city Bradford playgroup, traffic's a part of life.

:02:54.:02:59.

Bradford is quite a busy, built-up area and where we live

:03:00.:03:07.

I don't drive. I walk everywhere.

:03:08.:03:14.

So, I can't not go near a main road in the middle of Bradford.

:03:15.:03:17.

Unfortunately, asthma's a part of life too.

:03:18.:03:20.

Joanne's six-year-old son is seriously affected.

:03:21.:03:21.

The hospital are trying to control it as best they can.

:03:22.:03:29.

You think it's brought on something else, like the weather

:03:30.:03:32.

Nobody's ever said to me that his asthma is linked to pollution.

:03:33.:03:38.

If somebody did tell me that then, obviously,...

:03:39.:03:40.

Scientists from Leeds and Barcelona are in Bradford to look

:03:41.:03:48.

at whether vehicle emissions can cause asthma.

:03:49.:03:53.

One of them is taking me for a walk as he measures pollution.

:03:54.:03:56.

This machine detects ultra-fine particulate matter,

:03:57.:04:01.

too small to see, but spilling out of vehicle exhausts.

:04:02.:04:05.

We are seeing traffic queueing up here.

:04:06.:04:08.

You can see the engines are working harder when you're driving up this

:04:09.:04:14.

hill so actually it's probably going to be the traffic on the other

:04:15.:04:18.

side of the road that's making more of the contribution.

:04:19.:04:22.

When you see it there, over 100,000, is that bad for us?

:04:23.:04:26.

These are the particles that go deep into your lungs.

:04:27.:04:34.

If it's at all possible it would be better to avoid walking along very

:04:35.:04:37.

The other thing I notice is you only need a bus to go

:04:38.:04:45.

past and look at that, it jumped right up.

:04:46.:04:50.

Yeah, well, most of the vehicles producing this pollution

:04:51.:04:52.

Also, all the diesel cars that we have in the UK

:04:53.:05:01.

A colleague has been feeding these readings into a computer.

:05:02.:05:10.

We put all this information in our software that can estimate

:05:11.:05:16.

the pollution concentrations over the network using the data.

:05:17.:05:18.

What we end up with is something like this.

:05:19.:05:21.

This is an air pollution map in Bradford that shows the red

:05:22.:05:26.

is the highest and the blue is the lowest.

:05:27.:05:28.

That's showing it is really concentrated

:05:29.:05:29.

And then radiates out on the main roads.

:05:30.:05:32.

So, where the traffic is, you get high concentrations

:05:33.:05:37.

You can overlay these maps with locations of interest.

:05:38.:05:48.

Like residents' addresses, for children you have health data on.

:05:49.:05:51.

And effectively show how much risk somebody is exposed to.

:05:52.:05:53.

Haneen now needs to find children who have been exposed to pollution.

:05:54.:06:00.

But she also needs to spot, and make allowances for, other

:06:01.:06:03.

She's going to need some really detailed medical histories.

:06:04.:06:09.

And to get this level of information,

:06:10.:06:11.

This city has become a hub of environmental research.

:06:12.:06:18.

Thanks to a health study that started ten years ago

:06:19.:06:21.

Born in Bradford is one of the largest research studies in UK.

:06:22.:06:29.

What we've been able to do is track the health of families from children

:06:30.:06:34.

being babies to children being aged eight to nine and we will continue

:06:35.:06:37.

Today it's cognitive ability - the 12,000 children involved have

:06:38.:06:45.

been tested and measured for many things throughout their lives,

:06:46.:06:48.

not just about health, but about where they live.

:06:49.:06:51.

We've done a lot of work Within the city looking

:06:52.:06:54.

That's really powerful information that we can give.

:06:55.:07:01.

Asthma is a disease that affects all ages -

:07:02.:07:07.

around five and half million people in the UK.

:07:08.:07:10.

It's like somebody has got hold of the windpipe

:07:11.:07:13.

I've never been strangled but I could sort of relate it

:07:14.:07:22.

to somebody who was getting strangled and gasping for breath.

:07:23.:07:24.

Had a couple of asthma attacks where my wife's had

:07:25.:07:27.

And she told me off because I didn't wake her up but I couldn't

:07:28.:07:33.

Neil's asthma is now under control, but a significant number are not

:07:34.:07:40.

so lucky, over 1000 people every year die of the disease.

:07:41.:07:47.

Three years ago one of those was ten-year-old

:07:48.:07:50.

He wasn't wheezing, he wasn't coughing.

:07:51.:08:09.

He was just happy, bouncing around, crazy little Cameron, as normal.

:08:10.:08:11.

I waved him off to his team, within 15 mins,

:08:12.:08:14.

By the time the ambulance got to him, he was already

:08:15.:08:23.

His mum and her partner have set up a charity in his memory,

:08:24.:08:33.

delivering spare inhalers to primary schools.

:08:34.:08:35.

to Cameron could not have been prevented,

:08:36.:08:39.

There's a lot of people out there, if they don't

:08:40.:08:41.

take their asthma seriously, this could happen to them.

:08:42.:08:45.

Haneen's research is not yet complete - but preliminary findings

:08:46.:08:48.

already suggest emissions from diesel cars may be to blame.

:08:49.:08:57.

Exhaust pollutants, specifically linked to traffic,

:08:58.:09:02.

for example nitrogen dioxide and black carbon,

:09:03.:09:03.

A child could not have got asthma if they were not

:09:04.:09:07.

exposed and that has a lot of implications, obviously.

:09:08.:09:09.

The research results may prove useful.

:09:10.:09:12.

In recent years it's been government policy to encourage diesel cars -

:09:13.:09:16.

there were 12 million on the road as of last year.

:09:17.:09:20.

But there are now calls for next month's new air pollution strategy

:09:21.:09:24.

Local authorities also have a role to play.

:09:25.:09:32.

Bradford and other West Yorkshire councils have agreed

:09:33.:09:35.

It includes turning the county's most polluted hotspots

:09:36.:09:41.

And this bit makes interesting reading.

:09:42.:09:48.

There's a commitment to convert West Yorkshire's entire fleet

:09:49.:09:51.

of buses to low emission standards within five years.

:09:52.:09:57.

Using some of the Bradford information they've worked out this

:09:58.:10:00.

will prevent around 500 children from developing asthma.

:10:01.:10:03.

No consolation for those already affected.

:10:04.:10:05.

I do feel quite angry about it, to be quite honest.

:10:06.:10:09.

If something could be done, fantastic, but it might be too late.

:10:10.:10:25.

And, of course, if you've got any comments about tonight's programme

:10:26.:10:27.

or you've got a story you think we might like to cover,

:10:28.:10:30.

you can get in touch on Facebook or on Twitter.

:10:31.:10:34.

Later in the programme, she was known as the Mighty Atom.

:10:35.:10:49.

We meet a Hull boxing legend you may never have heard of.

:10:50.:10:52.

So, how can we reduce pollution for all of our benefit?

:10:53.:10:55.

Here in York, there's a pedestrianised zone

:10:56.:10:56.

like Stonegate, there are electric buses, there are park-and-ride

:10:57.:10:58.

schemes and, yet, pollution levels are still above the recommended

:10:59.:11:01.

Could we learn something from our European neighbours?

:11:02.:11:04.

Chris Jackson has been investigating.

:11:05.:11:09.

A normal day in York - thousands of motorists queuing their way

:11:10.:11:12.

Some come to work and thousands more come

:11:13.:11:23.

And all that influx of visitors comes at a cost.

:11:24.:11:30.

The latest figures suggest that air pollution is contributing

:11:31.:11:32.

People aren't dropping down dead in the streets.

:11:33.:11:38.

But according to health experts, the long term impact,

:11:39.:11:40.

particularly on those already in poor health,

:11:41.:11:43.

We know that an estimated 30,000, minimum, maybe, 40,000 die across

:11:44.:11:55.

the UK, of that proportion in York, were probably looking at somewhere

:11:56.:11:58.

So, you know, an average of 100 people dying

:11:59.:12:04.

in York from air pollution related causes.

:12:05.:12:08.

I didn't think York was so badly affected by air pollution,

:12:09.:12:10.

It has got a bit of a problem, to be fair.

:12:11.:12:14.

I thought this was in the countryside.

:12:15.:12:17.

But for asthmatics like Ruth Smith who lives

:12:18.:12:20.

in nearby Leeds, poorer quality has an immediate impact on her health.

:12:21.:12:24.

I'm conscious of the fact that I'm walking in between exhausts

:12:25.:12:28.

and things like that and you can feel it on your chest.

:12:29.:12:31.

I'm constantly covering up my face being conscious

:12:32.:12:35.

That isn't necessarily as clean as what I'd like it to be

:12:36.:12:40.

You actually see air pollution as a problem?

:12:41.:12:46.

I can't tell you which patients are in the hospital because

:12:47.:12:51.

they've had problems with air pollution but there will be some

:12:52.:12:54.

where it's been a significant contributory factor.

:12:55.:12:55.

When you're exposed to exhaust fumes, particularly the fine

:12:56.:13:02.

particulates, then there is an acute risk to you if you have a background

:13:03.:13:06.

of heart problems, lung problems, it significantly increases your risk

:13:07.:13:08.

of having something like a heart attack or a stroke.

:13:09.:13:10.

So, in your view, should we try and reduce air pollution.

:13:11.:13:16.

Well, absolutely we should, both to aid people's normal

:13:17.:13:18.

health and development when they are young

:13:19.:13:20.

and for the elderly but also for the rest of us the risk of that

:13:21.:13:23.

Today academics are testing air quality -

:13:24.:13:30.

here in the pedestrian zone it's generally good -

:13:31.:13:32.

but when they take their equipment to this idling van -

:13:33.:13:35.

Yeah. That's smelly.

:13:36.:13:38.

I don't really want to be standing in this.

:13:39.:13:46.

We're up at 2000, 3000 particulate matter.

:13:47.:13:48.

That's way above the safe level for exposure to diesel particulates

:13:49.:13:51.

of 20 to 30 microgrammes per cubic metre.

:13:52.:13:53.

But can we do more to avoid city centre pollution?

:13:54.:13:57.

You can do small things like walk on the other side of the road

:13:58.:14:00.

if you are walking past a queue of traffic, just by crossing over

:14:01.:14:03.

the road you are exposing yourself to less particulates and less

:14:04.:14:06.

chemicals in the air you can also walk down less busy streets.

:14:07.:14:09.

York sees tackling air pollution as a high priority -

:14:10.:14:13.

it has park and ride schemes, a fleet of electric buses

:14:14.:14:16.

but the air here still breaches safety standards.

:14:17.:14:23.

Air pollution is a serious problem because we are currently breaching

:14:24.:14:26.

and we have three air quality management areas

:14:27.:14:31.

where we have a legal duty to improve air quality.

:14:32.:14:33.

So York is trying harder than most to

:14:34.:14:36.

is one of the most environmentally friendly cities in Europe.

:14:37.:14:55.

The trams run like clockwork and only half of the City's

:14:56.:14:57.

About the same size as York with a population around 200,000

:14:58.:15:03.

the city here has introduced some strict policies to get

:15:04.:15:08.

cars off its streets - it's also improved the air quality

:15:09.:15:11.

Christophe Lang sold his car ten years ago -

:15:12.:15:15.

I joined him on his daily commute back home from work by bike.

:15:16.:15:19.

So it was an old car and when it broke we give it away.

:15:20.:15:25.

So when it's raining and it's wintery,

:15:26.:15:40.

the snow, there's wind, there's rain, what do you do?

:15:41.:15:44.

If it's short way, I go by bike if it's a long way then I use

:15:45.:15:49.

The Langs live in the Vauban suburb - nothing particularly

:15:50.:15:56.

but look and listen a little closer - what's missing?

:15:57.:16:04.

This is the greenest part of the Green City -

:16:05.:16:09.

it's a former army barracks that's been transformed

:16:10.:16:12.

into a suburb - and they've planned it in such a way that residents

:16:13.:16:17.

With speed limits set to walking pace - they've

:16:18.:16:24.

also introduced a novel, if not pricey way

:16:25.:16:26.

If you want to own a house that's fine -

:16:27.:16:31.

but if you also want to own a car,

:16:32.:16:33.

you have to buy a parking space and that will cost,

:16:34.:16:35.

Do many people have a car then in this part of town?

:16:36.:16:44.

Not so many, no because, and that was the idea

:16:45.:16:47.

from the very beginning that this is an excellent opportunity

:16:48.:16:50.

for people to explore life without a car.

:16:51.:16:54.

Do we know what proportion of people in Vauban own a car then?

:16:55.:16:57.

Yeah, it's much fewer people owning a car than average

:16:58.:17:09.

in the rest of Freiburg, it's about half the number.

:17:10.:17:11.

The ratio of cars per 1000 inhabitants is 165.

:17:12.:17:15.

None of this would have been possible without political pressure

:17:16.:17:18.

and huge investment from the local council.

:17:19.:17:21.

Do you have any evidence that by taking some of the cars

:17:22.:17:25.

out the city that pollution, air quality is improved in the city?

:17:26.:17:27.

We have good results in the last ten years in Freiburg we reduced

:17:28.:17:37.

So what lessons do you think we could learn from you?

:17:38.:17:46.

Two big factors, one is you have to have pressure to change something

:17:47.:17:50.

if you don't feel pressure to change you will never change anything.

:17:51.:17:53.

Secondly, you have to have alternatives.

:17:54.:18:10.

Now you might expect self-proclaimed petrol head Bernd Obrecht to be

:18:11.:18:15.

I use it only for special reasons I normally I take

:18:16.:18:34.

So do you agree with the policy of trying to persuade people

:18:35.:18:43.

It's the right way but I think they should take it a bit harder.

:18:44.:18:50.

Pollution is still big in Germany every year 40,000 people

:18:51.:18:59.

are dying of pollution and that is too much -

:19:00.:19:04.

so my heart is for cars and my brain says we have to change it.

:19:05.:19:14.

So it seems there is a real determination

:19:15.:19:16.

to improve air quality here in Germany -

:19:17.:19:19.

but back in the UK - are we prepared to pay

:19:20.:19:22.

through the nose for the privilege of keeping our cars.

:19:23.:19:28.

If you want to own a house, that's fine.

:19:29.:19:30.

But if you want to own a car, you have to pay for a parking space.

:19:31.:19:34.

Do you think that would be OK over here?

:19:35.:19:36.

I don't think the culture here is ready for that.

:19:37.:19:39.

You might as well get a taxi everywhere then.

:19:40.:19:54.

So still a long way to go before we follow the Germans' lead -

:19:55.:20:03.

but with growing pressure to tackle air pollution in our

:20:04.:20:06.

towns and cities - doing nothing is not an option.

:20:07.:20:15.

She trained in the same gym as Muhammad Ali -

:20:16.:20:18.

and entered Florida's Boxing Hall of Fame.

:20:19.:20:22.

same gym but many people, even in Barbara Buttrick's home city

:20:23.:20:25.

We sent Johnny Nelson, the former world

:20:26.:20:29.

To become the best boxer in the world takes commitment.

:20:30.:20:37.

And as an undefeated champion, I know how hard

:20:38.:20:39.

But for one fighter, the toughest battle was just trying

:20:40.:20:45.

But Barbara Buttrick went on to become the world's

:20:46.:20:52.

first women's boxing champion - and trained in the same

:20:53.:20:54.

Under five foot tall - she was known as the Mighty Atom.

:20:55.:21:01.

She now lives in Miami Beach - but she grew up in Yorkshire.

:21:02.:21:04.

Back in those days they didn't want girls to play soccer.

:21:05.:21:07.

It was girls don't do this and girls don't do that.

:21:08.:21:13.

Now 87, it's more than 70 years since Barbara Buttrick

:21:14.:21:17.

fell in love with boxing, living in Cottingham, near Hull.

:21:18.:21:21.

On my bedroom wall, as a kid, I had all boxers.

:21:22.:21:26.

So I bought myself a harness thing, that you put a football in and made

:21:27.:21:30.

But an article inspired her to make it her career.

:21:31.:21:39.

Your friend's mother gave you some newspaper to clean your boots.

:21:40.:21:41.

That's the newspaper clipping and it tells of Polly Burns,

:21:42.:21:47.

who travelled with the boxing booths.

:21:48.:21:50.

I thought if she can do it, so can I.

:21:51.:21:53.

but boxer by night, Barbara headed for London to find

:21:54.:21:59.

I think all this talk about girls not boxing is old-fashioned.

:22:00.:22:07.

Girls aren't the delicate flowers they used to be.

:22:08.:22:09.

In fact Barbara's boyfriend was her trainer -

:22:10.:22:14.

And at Mickey Wood's gym in London, she finally found

:22:15.:22:20.

But you've still got that fight in your eye.

:22:21.:22:30.

Soon, Barbara was making headlines - though none of them very positive.

:22:31.:22:33.

The criticism. Did it bother you?

:22:34.:22:41.

Mickey Wood says "we made the front page again,

:22:42.:22:46.

I said but "yeah look what they're saying."

:22:47.:22:48.

But in 1940s Britain, opinions like that were nothing out

:22:49.:22:53.

It was seen as something that was on a par with getting drunk

:22:54.:23:01.

and with gambling and with prostitution and it was

:23:02.:23:03.

Why do you think there was such a strong reaction

:23:04.:23:07.

It goes with being big, with being strong, with being brave.

:23:08.:23:13.

All these things which make up our ideal of masculinity,

:23:14.:23:17.

but femininity is not made up in those ways, so for Barbara

:23:18.:23:22.

to have boxed was seen as threatening, because boxing

:23:23.:23:25.

is associated with all the things that go with being a real man.

:23:26.:23:31.

So she took to fighting any woman who'd challenge her,

:23:32.:23:34.

in travelling fairground boxing booths.

:23:35.:23:38.

Nobody would encourage it and they were so down on it

:23:39.:23:41.

I guess they put the other girls completely off.

:23:42.:23:45.

You could have easily decided to play it safe and get a job.

:23:46.:23:49.

So fed up of fairgrounds, Barbara searched further afield

:23:50.:23:51.

for opponents - and that took her to America.

:23:52.:23:54.

Barbara travelled from state to state -

:23:55.:23:57.

There was one fight that I lost with Jo-ann Hagan.

:23:58.:24:02.

And in 1957 came the moment she'd dreamt of -

:24:03.:24:18.

she finally got a professional licence and beat Phyllis Kugler

:24:19.:24:22.

to become the world's first women's boxing champion.

:24:23.:24:24.

It's nice to know you're the best in the world isn't it?

:24:25.:24:27.

The title brought her to the epicentre

:24:28.:24:33.

of the boxing world - the place where Angelo Dundee

:24:34.:24:36.

Today the Fifth Street Gym's in a new building -

:24:37.:24:45.

I see pictures on the wall of Angelo Dundee, Muhammad Ali.

:24:46.:24:50.

You were here when these guys were here?

:24:51.:24:52.

Muhammad Ali was just Cassius Clay then.

:24:53.:24:55.

He was very confident of himself and very showy.

:24:56.:25:00.

But Barbara also met legends like Rocky Marciano's

:25:01.:25:03.

fighters like Sonny Liston and Ali's trainer Angelo Dundee.

:25:04.:25:11.

Did Angelo give you any words of advice?

:25:12.:25:13.

We talked quite a bit and he liked the way I boxed

:25:14.:25:22.

as if it's nothing to you, but these are the history makers.

:25:23.:25:27.

And it's still a place where world champion hopefuls train.

:25:28.:25:37.

Antonio Tarver is a former light heavyweight and

:25:38.:25:40.

cruiserweight titleholder - and an admirer of Barbara.

:25:41.:25:42.

I can only imagine the things she's seen, witnessing the greatness.

:25:43.:25:56.

I'm sure she'll probably have a few moves she could teach me right now!

:25:57.:26:01.

In 1960, Barbara retired - having won 30

:26:02.:26:03.

But she didn't say goodbye to boxing.

:26:04.:26:09.

She set up the Women's International Boxing Federation and gave women

:26:10.:26:12.

And in 2012 she came to London to watch women box for Olympic

:26:13.:26:20.

medals for the first time in history -

:26:21.:26:23.

among them, two times gold medallist Nicola Adams.

:26:24.:26:27.

It's because of women like her it's possible for me to box today.

:26:28.:26:31.

Women's boxing wasn't really accepted, so I can't imagine how

:26:32.:26:35.

hard it must have been for her to keep pushing,

:26:36.:26:37.

keep training and try to be taken seriously.

:26:38.:26:41.

So I have to say a big than you to Barbara for paving the way.

:26:42.:26:45.

I never thought it would develop to the point it has now.

:26:46.:26:49.

Getting into the Olympics, I was very pleased about that

:26:50.:26:53.

and now it's very much an accepted thing.

:26:54.:26:56.

became the only woman boxer to ever be inducted into the Florida

:26:57.:27:03.

She's like the coolest grandma.

:27:04.:27:15.

She pioneered the way for other women boxers.

:27:16.:27:22.

This month, she's coming back to visit Hull.

:27:23.:27:25.

And in the gym where Olympic Gold Medallist Luke Campbell

:27:26.:27:28.

trained, they're just as proud of Barbara.

:27:29.:27:30.

And she's passing her knowledge on to the next generation.

:27:31.:27:32.

You'll have to be very cunning with that.

:27:33.:27:45.

It's very easy to get feet your feet stepped on.

:27:46.:27:51.

I think it's really courageous, brave.

:27:52.:27:53.

She put herself out there, knowing there isn't really anyone

:27:54.:27:57.

girls and boys boxing, but you get the odd coaches

:27:58.:28:05.

But she's shown us they do and they do well.

:28:06.:28:09.

If I was a kid today, I'd be in my glory.

:28:10.:28:12.

Just pack my gym bag and walk off the same as anybody else,

:28:13.:28:15.

When Barbara put on her first pair of boxing

:28:16.:28:21.

gloves more than seven decades ago, she could only dream that girls

:28:22.:28:24.

But it could never have happened without Barbara leading the way.

:28:25.:28:34.

And Barbara will be a guest at the International women of the world

:28:35.:28:39.

festival in Hull this coming weekend. That's it from us this

:28:40.:28:46.

week. We are not here next week but joiners in two weeks' time for

:28:47.:28:49.

Inside Out.

:28:50.:28:54.

Inside Out Yorkshire and Lincolnshire presented by Paul Hudson.

We look at how a study into children's health in Bradford could help combat asthma in the future, and former world champion Johnny Nelson meets womens boxing legend Barbara Buttrick.


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