27/02/2017 Inside Out Yorkshire and Lincolnshire


Phil Connell investigates whether a military badge found in France could help trace a fallen soldier's family, and Paul Hudson looks at how farmers in the Dales spend the winter.

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Hello, this week we are in search of the family of an unknown soldier


who fell in the battlefields of France.


Plus, I've been spending the winter with a couple of Dales farmers.


Welcome to Inside Out, I'm Paul Hudson.


This week, we are trying to identify a soldier who lost his life


Will experts be able to find his family more than 100 years on?


Also tonight, I meet two sheep farmers trying to contend


with winter weather and the cold wind that Brexit might bring.


They are going to lose the environmental benefits that have


been created over the last 40 years through subsidies,


and they are going to lose the cheap food policy,


because people will go out of business.


the Royal Shakespeare Company moves to Hull.


Almost a million British families lost loved ones on the battlefields


For some, what was even worse was that they never


knew what happened, just that their father, son


But for one in Yorkshire family, their wait may be coming to an end.


Fred Holmes is about to give a sample of his DNA,


a test that could explain what happened to his great-uncle,


John, a soldier killed in 1916 and one of the many whose bodies


I still feel very emotional about it.


Because, you know, it was a very big thing, you know,


all these people climbing over the trenches and going off


To think, you know, a member of my family had succumbed


in that particular battle, it was very, very


And what would it mean to the family to find him?


I know in my heart, if I wanted to go and be close to him,


I could go to Thiepval and I could see his name on the, um,


But, um, it would be nice to see a gravestone in a war cemetery.


For similar reasons, Francis Storry is taking the same test.


Along with his wife, Susan, he wants to know about a relative


called Henry Parker, another great-uncle who never


When they were in the trenches and this and that, you know,


"Come on, out, lads, come on, get 'em."


And all the bullets and that were coming over, it must


Been thinking about it the other night, you know,


I know what I think of it now, it's absolutely good


Francis and Fred's great-uncles both served with the Yorkshire Regiment,


who recruited soldiers from Yorkshire and the North East.


In 1916, though, they were to lose their lives in one of the most


I think if you ask anybody to name a battle from the First World War,


they would all say the Battle of the Somme.


The bloodiest battle in the history of the British Army.


And here we have medals awarded to some of the men who fought


there and in previous campaigns, all here in our medal room


at the Green Howards Museum in Richmond, standing as testament


And four particular medals here, awarded during the Somme campaign,


four Victoria Crosses for individual acts of bravery.


So, what would conditions have been like for these men?


Pretty much as you imagine, you've seen it so many times.


They're living in trenches, if food comes up and can get up,


that's great, water is short, you are being sniped and shelled,


and you know you've got to go over the top at some point in the future.


Many of those who died are remembered here


in the war cemeteries of northern France.


But for 500,000 soldiers, including John and Henry,


there is no recognised grave, as their bodies were never found.


For one family, though, there is a glimmer of hope.


100 years on, there is news that one long lost soldier


Well, last year, in a field in France, human remains


were discovered of a First World War soldier, and on him was a very,


very distinctive cap badge, which means that we know


which battalion of this regiment he served with.


So, how unusual is it to find human remains with a cap badge like this?


To get that starting point, that clue that helps us narrow it down,


the possibilities of who this individual might be,


So, how is it that a find in a field in France has brought


hope to these families, 100 years on?


Well, it is all down to a team of war detectives, based at this


They work for the Ministry of Defence, and bit by bit,


they are piecing together the story of this unknown soldier.


After 100 years, identifying the soldier will not be easy.


For the war detectives, though, the metal regimental badge


It is from the 5th Battalion, the Yorkshire Regiment,


the T is for territorial, because the 5th Battalion


So, how much of a head start does something like this give you?


If you did not have that insignia, you would not be able


You have to determine what the regiment is before you can


There were so many thousands of soldiers killed out there,


there would be no way you could identify them


without identifying an insignia like this.


As enquiries continue, it emerges the mystery soldier


could be related to one of 12 different families.


All of these documents say that the 5th Battalion


were tasked with an attack, setting off from the trench


where they came from, up to an attack on the enemy trench


line here, which you can see, which is the wiggly line.


I'd like to say it's very exciting, it's very exciting when you get


the information and you find information in the diaries,


and you can actually trace the movements.


It is also very harrowing, it is very emotive,


because as you take the case forward, if you can take it forward


to identification and then to burial, you become acutely aware


of what these young men had to deal with, and the enormity


And here is where the science begins.


have been brought to a government laboratory in Middlesex.


But what are the odds of the family's DNA


We are given a ratio, so, say, one in a million aspect,


and then we put that information together with all the other


information, such as the artefacts, details from the anthropology,


and that all then links together to produce, hopefully,


As a scientist, I guess you look at things in black and white,


but in a case like this, do you get emotionally involved?


You come across the aspect where you might be able to help


identify someone who has died 100 years ago, yeah, you cannot take


So, with emotions running high, an extraordinary investigation


But will any family receive the news that brings


In Yarm, there's disappointment for Fred.


In Driffield, though, there is dramatic news


The remains found are confirmed as those of his great-uncle,


Private Henry Parker, who was 23 years old.


Oh, we are going to have to give him a sendoff, aren't we?


After everything he's gone through, that's what he needs,


To find his remains, and it's come to this...


Private Henry Parker will be buried in France with full


A mystery solved through his regimental badge, the long lost


soldier at last reunited with his family.


And if you've got any comments about tonight's programme,


or if you've got a story you think we might like to cover,


you can get in touch on Facebook or on Twitter.


The Royal Shakespeare Company come marching into Hull.


Now, hill farming has never been an easy life,


and many farmers struggle to make it pay.


There is now uncertainty following Brexit about EU farming subsidies.


Well, I've been to meet two farmers from this area who are preparing


for an uncertain future, and coping with


But if you had to eke out a living from this terrain,


you might take a less romantic view of its charms.


Starting in the dark, so that we can get all the cattle


It's very pleasant when it's cold and crisp.


It's a little bit wearing when it's wet.


Tenant farmer Garry Schofield's day starts at 6am.


To add to his income as a sheep farmer, he also


The hours are long and the work is hard, but the economics


of the business have never been tougher.


The importance of efficiency has increased dramatically.


Farming, I would say, has become much more of a similar


business to what you would see in the middle of Leeds.


It is very much now dependent on the food policy that needs to be


developed by our Government for post-Brexit times.


Because if they do go down the road of cutting subsidies


to farmers across the country, which then drives farmers


to food production on mass scale to fill the gap,


then they are going to lose the environmental benefits that have


been created over the last 40 years through subsidies,


and they are going to lose the cheap food policy,


because people will go out of business if they haven't got


Some farmers get less for their livestock


And until there's a government policy on how post EU


agriculture will work, Garry is unsure whether he'll be


That's a little heifer there, which is quite small,


gets bullied out of the feed by the others.


This is a ram, he broke his leg in the summer, so he has been no use


this year for serving the sheep, so he is getting fattened


20 miles to the south in Malham, Garry's friend Neil Hesseltine


I took over from my parents, who farmed the farm prior to me,


things are very different now, things are not necessarily


about the production of food quite so much.


We would still like that to be the case.


But we are still extremely reliant on payments,


environmental payments and subsidies and these sorts of things,


so that is almost as big a part of the farming world


But, you know, I love to be a farmer and although it


doesn't look great today, this is a great place to be.


Back in Buckden and Garry's finished on the farm


and he's up on the moorside, checking on his sheep.


We came here in 1995, when the National Trust bought


the farm, so that's 20 years, isn't it?


So, how has the job changed in the time that you've done it?


There has been quite a few changes in comparatively


All to do, probably, with the environmental side


of the payments and the way that agriculture has been led


We've had the climate change over the last 20 years,


How do you cope with the extremes of weather?


If you think back, last year was stormy and wet, relentless rain.


2010, the coldest December since 1890 and, what,


It must be the extremes that are difficult to cope with.


In 2010, when that cold weather came in, early December, normally,


we would not have been feeding sheep at that time of year.


It kicked off the feeding time of the year a month early,


and we had to continue feeding the sheep.


Right the way through the winter, right the way into the spring.


So, it was a knock-on effect, it was very, very expensive.


And then last year, obviously, we had very, very little snow


and an awful lot of rain, and that was more of a mental


attitude, as in, do I have to get up and go out and feed


Six weeks, you know, of blowing terrible wet weather,


on both me and the sheep, it took its toll.


Down in the valley at Heber Farm in Buckden, Garry and his wife Gill


have had to look at ways of making the land pay.


They hope this field will be open as a campsite this year.


This was one thing that was open to us, which was reasonably simple,


and hopefully is going to be quite effective and enable us


to secure our business for the years to come.


We had a campsite here for the Tour de France,


And I think that's what inspired us and gave us the idea.


The need for an alternative was huge.


We have two children, we have one we are trying


It was an absolute necessity, because we were looking at such


a dramatic shortfall in payment, it was quite frightening.


Farmers are not alone in facing post-Brexit uncertainty.


But without the subsidies the EU provide to make


food production viable, there are genuine


Dales farming isn't just a business, it's a way of life.


The bunk barn was something that my mum and dad converted,


Some things never change, they saw that farming


was getting tough at the time, and diversifying from sort of woman


was getting tough at the time, and diversifying from sort of


you know, a cattle shed into visitor accommodation was something they did


Neil's wife Leigh is preparing the barn for the next set of guests.


It's more proof that farming alone can no longer sustain the family.


It has allowed me to stay on the farm and take a wage from it


and run this business, because there is not always a lot


It fluctuates, it is an industry that fluctuates,


and incomes can drop, so it just gives us something


else to spread the risk of our income, really.


Without money from tourists, Leigh would have to go back to work


in historic building conservation, taking her away from the farm.


It would be a case of driving to a town or city, to take


Most of my work was in local authorities, within their planning


departments, so I would have to look into that and move away


So, this allows me, I suppose, to be able to stay at home and be


involved with the business, which is a really nice thing.


And it allows Leigh to spend more time with her daughter,


who would represent a fifth generation at the family farm.


Is there pressure to keep on the family tradition of farming?


My parents never put any pressure on me to become a farmer.


It's what I felt I was interested in and it's what I wanted to do.


But there is certainly a feeling, an aspect looking back


and you're thinking, I'm actually doing what my


forefathers have done that for me, and carrying on that tradition,


But whether farming will remain economically


viable for his children, a fifth generation,


It was always slightly uncertain anyway, but the Brexit vote has


thrown all that into chaos, you know, and I'm not even sure


if the Government knows where we are going next,


But you know, we've just got to farm through those uncertainties and hope


It's a couple of months since I was up here last,


We have been very lucky with the weather.


I've come back to see what progress Garry and Gillian have


They're already up against it with budget and time,


We've been waiting for the Electric Board to come and put


We've been waiting since the middle of September and we've just found


out this morning that there is some paperwork gone amiss.


So, we have probably another six weeks to wait before they can come


So, it's just another of those things that have


By Easter, this site needs to be ready for 22 tent pitches


and there'll be three wooden camping pods.


Money has been spent, money needs to come back in,


it will be open for Easter, there's no choice.


I was very anxious to hear that the electricity was going to be


On top of running a farm full-time and Gillian working as a nurse,


they're having to ponder pricing, promotion and how to operate


Both Garry and Neil have had to look long and hard at the books.


And they've had to get better at being small businessmen


Imagination is going to be key if hill farming


Now, you should all know by now that Hull is the UK City of Culture,


and nothing is more cultured than the Royal Shakespeare Company.


And they have moved actors, technicians and some really


interesting props northwards for a brand-new production.


Anne-Marie Tasker has been taking a look.


It is a play that boasts star names...


The Hypocrite, starring Caroline Quentin and Mark Addy,


had its world premiere in Hull this weekend.


Why is there a Frenchwoman in the bedroom?


But the journey getting it from page to stage has been a long one.


And a pause there, please, for lighting.


One of the first jobs was to find the Royal Shakespeare Company


A draughty, disused church on a housing estate.


I suspect that we probably don't need all the pews. No.


Unless one of the members of the company is getting


And by January, the pews have been replaced by cast and crew,


including the leading lady, Caroline Quentin.


For people that don't know, it is all about the beginning


of the Civil War, which happened in Hull, the Beverley Gate is the


The play is frantic, funny, and there is a lot of us in it.


For those of us that come from a time when it was too


expensive to have a lot of people on stage, who were normally involved


with five-handers and things, it is really exciting to be able


And this play is Hull through and through.


Written by a playwright from Hull, it is being rehearsed and premiered


here and is based on a key moment in Hull's past.


So, this is a very historic spot for Hull, isn't it?


So, in 1642, Hull was a walled town, a very secure fortress town.


And Sir John Hotham stood on the Beverley Gate low wall


and spoke directly to the King and refused him entry.


At that moment, he became treacherous and a traitor


The writer, Richard Bean, started researching his lead


You would think that would be enough for anybody, wouldn't you?


But rather than a historical drama, he has turned the events or 1642


into a comedy. Villa I thought I would be doing all the politics.


Villa but what you hear, it is like reading a Feydeau farce, a French


farce. That final thing of the town is chaste, I'm not going to say


Benny Hill, but... I wasn't going to say that! But you were thinking it


Richard Bean had found his central character, and he's been plagued


with another Yorkshireman, TV and film star Mark Addy. -- being


played. I've spent the last two days running around inside a cardboard


box, which represents a commode, for reasons that are too complicated to


go into. But yes, farce is ultimately a physical form. I am


tricked, I'm done! I do sometimes think, am I too old for this? But we


are getting there and it will be... I think it is one of those, it is a


gift of a show. While the actors rehearse, work has started on the


week-long project of building the set. The largest Hull Truck Theatre


has ever made. To accommodate the biggest professional cast the


theatre has ever had, they are building more dressing rooms, even


converting offices. Before we have really struggled, but it was our


meeting rooms, changing rooms, like Windows, changing it purely into


dressing rooms. But now, people have been here all the time. It is now


two days until opening night, and everyone is heading through to the


stage for a technical rehearsal. It is the last chance for everyone to


practise and practice the trickiest bits of the play until they are


perfect. War is inevitable now. On your conscience! They are working 12


hour days, going over every detail with a fine toothed comb. And as


with any farce, the physical jokes and timing have to be perfect. A new


play is always difficult, it is the best kind of theatre to do but


you're dealing with a developing script and it has never been done,


there is no production history. On top of that, you have songs, there


are physical comic routines, of which require some death-defying


bravery from the actors. With Hull being the City of Culture, to be


involved in the big opening show, for that year, it is terrific. She


swallowed a key, I was sucking it out!


Richard Bean is probably our best comedy writer at the moment.


Especially in terms of farce. He can write a farce like nobody else.


The more careful next time, you stupid Mayor! I read four of five


pages in bed and I said, I have got to do this play. I could not bear


the thought of somebody else laying Lady Sarah before I did. I am really


glad I am doing it first. -- playing. The play is filled with


tricks and illusions. From a sword through the neck, to mark Addy being


beheaded on stage. The man in charge of pulling it off work on the Harry


Potter play in the West End of London and says this show is proving


just as tough. You have people watching from three different sites,


so sometimes you can do things with magic and you do not want people to


be able to see from the sides, but with this, you have to think about


those things because people are up close. A lot closer than in a


conventional theatre. At one point there is a sword that gets put


through the ghost's neck. And this is a big solid thing. Yes, that was


the challenge. It is a solid sword through a neck but we are doing it.


Tell us how. I can't, it's magic! It has finally arrived, opening weekend


for the fastest selling show in Hull Truck Theatre's history. There does


come a point where there is a character missing from the play, and


that is the audience. Liver-mac it is very nerve wracking, I think it


kind of gets worse the older you get. You do not know the lines as


well. So it is nerve wracking. It is nerve wracking. But I am really


looking forward to the people of Hull seeing this play. At the play


about Hull getting its world premiere in Hull, went down a storm.


I'm getting a sense of the audience that they cannot load the story,


this is our story, and I am slightly ashamed that I kind it into a sex


farce! I am more interested in them following the story, but I love it.


Big stars, except, a big cast and a big response from the audience. It


went way better than I expected. The best thing I have ever seen. Coming


together to create the biggest theatrical moment in Hull's year as


City of Culture. That's all from us here at the top


of this very bleak hill! Make sure you join us next week.


We will find out what research in Bradford could do to help asthma and


how we could help other countries prevent air pollution.


Presented by Paul Hudson.

Phil Connell investigates whether a military badge found in a French field could help trace a fallen soldier's family, and Paul Hudson looks at how farmers in the Dales spend the winter months.

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