23/08/2012 Newsnight


With Emily Maitlis. GCSE pass rates have fallen for first time in 26 years. Are this year's students the victims of deliberate grade deflation? What are GCSEs today really worth?

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Tonight: Two decades of exam inflation ends - a revolution in


England's classroom begins. GCSE results fall for the first time.


Teachers cry foul. Somebody made a decision, I guess a political


decision to alter the grade boundary. The can exam regulator


say the exams are fair, we'll discuss how far the shakeup of


education should go. Is the Leveson ceasefire over? The last few


minutes, News International says it will publish the nude pictures of


Prince Harry tomorrow. We'll have live reaction. The South African


struggle for workers,' freedoms goes on, as the country remembers


the shootings that killed 44. TRANSLATION: Living here with my


husband was better. Now, I don't know how will I cope without my


husband. We ask if enough has changed, 18 years after apartheid


ended. It is shocking and disgraceful. That is the biggest


massacre since then, and we're ashamed to be South Africans.


good evening. The Education Secretary, thinks GCSE grade


inflation is bad. Exam grades deflate for the first time in two


decades. What, the exam question might have read is the connection


between the two statements? This afternoon, Michael Gove denied he


put political pressure on the exam boards and the head of the


independent regulator, Ofqual backed him up. Why then are schools


across the country voicing the same message of anguish, the grades are


marked down as a result of political manipulation, or was the


entire school of 2012 enept or # It's magic #


. Since the GCSE came in, in the late 80s, grades had been going


But today, the morning the music stopped. Sheffield is one of


England's divided cities when it comes to wealth and education.


David Bows is this charge of two different schools. Both becoming


academies, results improved this year, but there was a sour edge.


is depressing, that all of that hard work has gone in, and for some


youngsters, that critical grade, a C grade has just not been achieved,


not through dint of their work and application, but because somebody


made a decision, I guess a political decision, to alter the


grade boundary. This is tap ton, the school he led in an of fluent


area, it has the best results in the city. This year's is not what


they hoped for. English is down. got passness everything, but I got


a D English, so toif retake it next year. It is annoying that, Philip


has A stars, Bs and C in English literature, and we have predicted


him for C in English language and we know he passed with a C on the


written component but the control assessment, speaking and listening,


he has been graded down, so the overall grade is now a D, which is,


annoying, I think, is what we both say. The complaint from tap ton is


a common one, after years of grades going up, the regulator, off quell,


- Ofqual, said if grades rose, it would have to be compared. They


said "we are confident that standards have been maintained and


that the grades awarded are right. The performance required to achieve


each grade is the same as last year". The Education Secretary,


said he played no role. decision whether or not particular


marks should be awarded and particular grades should be awarded


is a matter for exam boards. I don't interfere, or put pressure on


the regulator, I make it clear to the regulator, it is important to


maintain standards, and how that's done is a decision for the


regulator and exam boards and I like previous secretaries of state,


properly, leave it to them. That's not the way it looks to teachers


here, they say pupils need more marks for the same grades.


submitted a classroom based element of the course, assumeing it would


achieve a certain level of grades, so for example, a student who we


thought with a C grade candidate, we would put their mark in, agreed


a markss, but they've depressed the boundaries, which means the student


has now achieved a D overall. Celebrations, at ch school N less


advantageed, bright side, with compared to last year, the grades


are better. This year's results have come as a shock to many, after


years of ever rising GCSE grades. It is not just a setback for the


individual students, these results can can have serious itch cases for


schools, and their future. After rising for years, the proportion of


students getting five good GCSEs, including English and maths is


likely to fall. Last year the Government said each school needed


35% of the students to achieve this. Now, that's 40% and it is going to


rise to 50%, by 2015. Chauser, just missed this year's target. Itch the


proportion of passes and top grades, is going to be fairly stat


particular, so, what does that mean, for schools like Chauser, do you


think, which are trying to reach this floor target? Well, it simply


means, if that's what they have decided to do, then we will know


that. And we will do our utmost to make sure that every youngster is


able to be successful. If this year is the model for the future, only a


certain proportion of students will ever pass or get top grades.


Familiar to anyone, who sat O- levels, foreign to today's students.


Everyone should be able to get an A, if they wanted it. They might put


effort in, if they get a C, they may be underachieving. Many will


welcome the end of rising GCSE grades, saying values been restored


to the key qualification. But some schools and teachers are asking


questions about exactly how that has been achieved. Sancha Berg


there, earlier I put some of the allegation toss Glenys Stacey Chief


Executive of Ofqual. Yes. We've had a solid set of exam


results today and students should be proud of their results, very


proud indeed. Would you like to commiserate with the students who


have been shocked with what they've seen today and fear political


manipulation? There are a few things I'd like to say about that.


The first thing is I represent Ofqual, we're independent regulator,


established by Parliament. Parliament established Ofqual to


make sure results wouldn't be politically manipulated and it is


our job that standards are right and qualifications are right, and


that's what you've seen happening this year and last year, at A-level


and GCSE. What I'd say for students, that results have been remained


steady. For most qualifications of GCSE results, they've stayed the


same because qualifications have been comparable and the student mix


has been the same. But we have seen, particular changes in GCSE science


and in English. Wait a second, we've seen 24 years,


consecretaryively of grade inflation, and now that is


reversed? Has nothing happened? I say, there is an independent


regulator now, looking closely to make sure results are right, and


you're seeing our work Playout. We started this work in 2009, and 2010,


and so on. What you're seeing at GCSE is a full set, if you like,


the suite of GCSE results coming to fruition. You think these are the


royalty grades? Right grades, absolutely. Did Michael Gove


express his concern over grade inflation? Michael Gove expressed


publicly his exasperation of grade inflation, I never had a


conversation about him about it, I never raise it had with him and him


with me. I'm sure he and others understand the regulator. Did he


was the controversial with the colleagues? I'll say this one more


time, Ofqual is an independent regulator, established by


Parliament to make sure that standards are right, and what you


are seeing is an independent regulator, doing the right job and


making sure qualifications are right and grades are right and


everyone, I hope will begin to have a confidence in that. Does it not


strike you that Michael Gove says grades must go down, and grades do


go down, and there's no link at all? I can't speak on behalf of the


Education Secretary. But what I can do is speak on paf of Ofqual, what


we have done is looked at the pattern of grades, over the last 20


years, and we can see as can others, including researchers, it is hard


to see adjust fiebl reason, for that continueed pattern. So, we've


worked with assessment experts to understand that as well as we can,


and develop the best approach to making sure we can ensure the right


results, this year, last year and next year, and every year. What do


you say to the schools they believe their grades have fallen off a


cliff? What we're seeing in grades is that for most subjects, grades


remaipd steady, in some suggests grades increased but we know


reasons why. We're seeing particular changes at GCSE, science


and English, and we know the reasons why, but those changes, are


about 2% of grade C for science, and 1.5% of grade C for English.


They are not Seismic shifts. some schools English is marked down


by 10%. Is that nothing to do with the way it is marked? You are


hearing some head teachers that's the case, but there are many


schools result have improved and we're seeing evidence of that as


well. We're seeing 1.5% shift overall for the reasons I've been


complaining. But it will Playout differently, school by school,


depending on their mix of students and readiness for the qul at the


case and assessment. So it is the schools' fault? It is not as simple


as that, as you know. What they are seeing is regulator is making sure


that exam boards are consist nant the way they look at these and


produce the right result and work with their examiners to set the


best grade boundaries they've K on the evidence they can. Next year,


will you be expecting more grade deinflation? Our job is to make


sure standards are set and standards are maintained. That's


what we've done. Last year, and this year, and that's what we'll


certainly be doing next year. Talking to me earlier. Which ever


way you look at it, and whatever actually happened, today's halting


of the penen national grade inflation is welcome news foreign


aeed case secretary, who stated he wanted the GCSE system reformed.


What's the big plan for education of this Government? And are they


with to realise it? Here is David Grossman.


How do you explain the drop in the GCSE pass rates? Lovely to see you.


Michael Gove refuse toss play the usual role of Education Secretary


on results day. To be fair, he said he wouldn't.


One of the things you won't get me doing is what previous Labour


secretary did, looking at the results and saying what a good boy


I am. These are risen, I'm doing the right thing, aren't I wonderful.


The achievements of the children on the ground became debased. This


chimes what some employers report. They may have the piece of paper,


but when they're taken on and try to do tasks which require basic


numeracy and literacy skills they just can't do that, and therefore,


it is not very good for the employer. It is certainly not good


for the young person. Here at the Department for Education, Michael


Gove is attempting something of a revolution. Trying to smash what he


calls "the cozy cartel made up of teachers, exam boards, education


officials and yes, even in the past, ministers". Who together have all


conspired to pretend that standards are rising faster than they


actually are. We must now "be prepared for results to fall" he


said. And fall they will, as changes to the way school


achievement is measureed begin to kick in. For example Labour


compared secondary schools on the basis of how many pupils passed


five GCSEs A start to C grade or equivalent. It was those words or


equivalent that critics say debauched the measure, more and


more qul fae cases, such as horse care or nail technology or fish


husbandry were equivalent to multiple GCSE, despite the fact


employers saw them nothing of the kind. To many schools they were an


easy route up the league tables. Michael Gove has slashed the number


of the so-called, equivalent courses, from well over 3,000 to a


few more than 100. In their place, put a far tougher measure of school


attainment, one that Mr Gove says will reward schools that encourage


students to take the subjects that both employers and universitys,


value. It is called the English baccalaureate, it is a measure of


how many students get GCSE grade C or better, in the academic core


subjects. They need English, mathematics, history or George fee,


Another big change is in schools schools' inspection. Here is Sir


Michael Wiltshire. He changed the regime. No longer with the third of


four grades be called "satisfactory". Instayed it will


said "requires improvement. Sir Michael ditched the 21 inspection


criteria, that included such categories, whether a schools


provision met local employment needs or contributed to community


cohesion, and instead, schools will now be measureed on just four


categories, achievement, teaching, leader, and behaviour. Michael Gove


has taken steps to end what he calls "cull fewer of competitive


dumbing down". The schools want to get as many pupils through the


exams and hunt out the easiest exam boards. The exam boards need for


their profits, to attract as many schools to their exams as possible


and so, offer easier and easier exams. It is he says, a race for


the bottom. So much so he is seriously considering scrapping


GCSEs altogether and their replacement, the Mayor of London


says, we should call them Gove levels. Joining me to discuss this


S Lisa Freedman who runs a schools advisory service, and whose son got


the results today. Joan McVittie, President of Association of School


and College Leaders, wood side school, described by Gove as one of


his favourites, Tony Ryan and Rachel Wolf former adviser to


Michael Gove. Very nice of you all to come in.


Thanks for joining us. Joan, does your school feel like one of


Michael Gove's favourites after what you've seen today. It didn't


feel like it, for some of my students today, particularly on the


C/ D boundary. Some students anticipated they would pick up a C,


and didn't, ended up with a D. they wrong to anticipate the C? Had


they had their expectations, unfairly raised? Not at all. The


students could take the exam in January. And he could actually pull


down their GCSE at that point. If they pulled it down at that point,


they had a C grade. They took the same exam in January, and could


leave pulling the grade until June, which some students did, and


pulling down on the same figures, actually then achieved a lower


grade. Same students, same exam, same time. Was your experience to


that similar? Very similar. We dropped in English, by 11% on


preDicks. And my English department, are one of the best I ever worked


with. I trust their predictions. This year was not abnormal in terms


of the quality you're teaching. we work to a system and don't


arrange the system or organise it, we get the system, we work to it,


and get the best results we can for the students. I have about 25


students who expected to get a C grade today who didn't. Do you


think your pupils this year were used as political pawns, or ended


up as? It is hard to see why students across the country, and I


think, probably, you're looking at 600 schools, maybe more, I had a


controversial, pickaxeel is an improvement group with 25 schools,


we know there's over 100 schools affected by this, this is 2,000


students who expected C grades and were probably right to expect C


grades who haven't got them now. This will affect their future. I


have no problem with changing the system, but give us time to work


with it, don't spring it on us. are an advocate of what Michael


Gove is thinking about. What do you make of what you're hearing?


don't know what happened this year, but the current examination system


isn't working. We have to recognise one of the reasons we have an exam


system is to distinguish between pupils. If you have a system where


every year, higher and higher per cent at that stage of pupils are


getting higher grades, and employers are distinguished between


them, that's difficult. This is becoming unbelieveably tough labour


market and incredibly competitive one. We're competing with people


overseas, and whether or not we're giving the grades, they are coming


out and saying they're not working they're not qualified, we have to


change something. You don't know what happened this year? Tony and


Joan are not disagreeing, with what your bigger point is. You don't


know what happened this year? of us know what happened this year.


Obviously we've heard from Ofqual, saying they're independent. I don't


know, I don't know I don't work for the Government. In the long-term we


have to change. We're talking about 11% drops, at Tony's school and


we're talking about C/ D boundaries, which is confusing, do you not


think none is deliberate? I don't know, I have not been involved in


the system and it is wrong for me to comment. We recognise in the


lormer term these things need to be fixed. I don't think there should


be GCSE, I'm Canadian, my son spent all summer with his Canadian


cousins of course were not sitting exams last year, wasting their time.


Our school leaving age will rise, next year, and in two years' time,


everybody will leave school or full time education, at the age of 18.


Why we have four years of public exams, wasting public money,


causing stress to children, to teachers, to schools, disruption,


it is a completely lunatic system. I'm not going to embarrass you, but


your son got Stella grades, is that a waste of time? From his point of


view, I don't think they produce, first of all, he could have been,


as he said to me, I spent the whole of my summer terms doing exams.


would scrap the GCSE for what? don't see why you need an exam. The


Canadianss, who perform better, do not have exams, in year 11. Why


would you have exams in year 11. Would you be radical? I can give


awe quick answer, this country there, are a huge number of schools,


that run from 11-16, unless you have a measure at 16, as they


believe those schools, then, really, children could go through, without


making progress. Do you not believe teacher assessment is OK. Do you


not believe your own teachers can make a legitimate and valid,


external assessment, without the Government intervening. Absolutely,


there is a portion of GCSE which they do their coursework, et cetera.


But they need an external benchmark, otherwise they would not be picked


up by employers. Is this a move away from the GCSE,


towards an O-level or something of the nature. Is that where it is


going? One of the interesting things we've seen with the Free


Schools, a significant proportion are not doing GCSE. They're looking


at partly because employers and parents are saying, they're


increasingly, placing more value on alternative qualifications, because


it is tougher and more rigorous, rather than putting kids that


independent schools and people choose not doing, we have to make


sure it is good for all communities. Essentially, you have to start


differentiating a tough labour market for the people who are


extremely capable and those cruiseing? I don't think any head


teacher would argue with that. You can't have 4 years of grade


inflation and keep going. There has to come a time, you cap it, and we


want the creme de la creme to the top and get the A grades. This year


a mistake has been made. If this leads to more schools put in a


position, where they might be deemed as failing, that is turned


into academy stayed tus or special measures concerns, is that such a


bad sning Is it a bad thing that schools are put in that category,


every school is seeking to improve. I don't think any school is not


seeking to improve. My concern today is a mistake has been made


there. Are 2,000, plus students across the country, and that


mistake needs to be addressed. Moving forward is a different


debate. It is these students I'm concerned about. It this year took


a hit for wider, more important reform S that worth it? This is the


start of a real, look at education, now we need to take a look at those


schools that are close to failing or failing, and sort them out?


agree, with proposals on rigour, no issues with that, and if we change


the system, fine. But we need opportunity to work towards that,


and ensure that children, are on a level playing field. The big issue,


is if the outcome of this is we have more failing schools, I can


tell you, there will be no head teachers or teachers who will want


to be recruited in the schools. Any schools siting to the close 40%


mark, you won't be able to recaut a head teacher. What about the sense,


Michael Gove has a cozy flawed system, when you have uens,


teachers, politicians all seeing grades rise, every year, search


happy, nobody changes the system? do think the reason they've risen


is because we have far better teachers, better qualifications, in


terms of the training for the techchaers and children who are


more motivated. We have to recognise that, that's what we've


seen the changes over the years. Thank you all very much. Now the


past few minutes, News International said it will publish


the naked pictures of Prince Harry, in the Vegas hotel room, tomorrow.


Most people will have checked them out on the internet by now, so it


is deliberate message of come kind. But what, two fingers up to the


Leveson Inquiry, or palace who tried to ban them, or boost


circulation figures. The managing editor of the News International


gave his reason for publishing the reasons? For us it is about the


freedom of the press. This is about the ludicrous situation, where a


picture can be seen by hundreds of millions of people around the world


on the internet but can't be seen in the nation's favourite paper,


read by 8 million people every day. That was the managing editor of the


News of the World speaking earlier. We have Kelvin MacKenzie.


And, we've Chris Black does Hurst from the independent. Kelvin,


presumably, you would have done the same thing, would you? Funnily,


enough, I would have done it yesterday not today. Why do you


think he waited? I don't know, I should imagine, if-in- the end of


the day, the picture like that, can't have been published without


Rupert Murdoch getting involved. The issues are too large and


controversial, and I salute Rupert for not being coward by effectively


the establishment on this issue. Labour MP said, the Sun's made a


grave mistake printing the pictures, wanted to know if they paid the


pictures and questioned the public interest case. Do you think they


paid the pictures? Well, I doubt whether they paid for the pictures


myself, because all around the world, the pictures have been


published. And they were just taken off the website. Fortunately,


America is known as the land of the free, which is the opposite


position of the UK uction where you're starting to get prime


ministers, like Cameron, wheeling out judges like Leveson and


Parliament, who want to gang up exclusively on newspapers, in the


UK. Whereas readers in every other part of the world, and on every


website in the world, including major news organisations like CNN


have been published these pictures for the last 36 hours. It really is


shocking. I'm unsure, why the establishment hate newspapers so


much. But what I'd like to see is editors get off their knees, and


start pushing back against the curtailments in what will


eventually, I promise you, lead to the closure of newspapers. If


Prince Harry with no clothes on N a Las Vagas hotel room, surrounded by


one naked woman anyway and a load of other people, he met in a


drinking striping game, it is not a story, then it is hard to know what


is. And people should stop worrying about privacy and start worrying


about what free speech will mean to the country, if the Leveson, and


Camerons, have their way. You are on your knees,? I am on my knees,


we've taken the decision from the very off we're not going to publish


these pictures. They were taken in a private place, private party. We


thought there was an issue of privacy, and that's where we are.


guess you could say the Independent would always have taken that


decision, and the Sun might always have taken the others. Kelvin is


right to the respect if this isn't a tabloid newspaper story, then


what is? He's right, yes, we are at the opposite ends of the spectrum,


there's no question about that. What I say, is look, here is a


young man, he's done nothing wrong, nothing illegal that we know of. He


wasn't wearing a Nazi uniform, and not that shocking pictures,


actually. He's with friends having a party, it's a private thing. He


didn't think it was going to be photographed. He was doing what a


lot of Sun readers do on stag parties and don't expect to be on


the front page of the morning's papers. I haven't seen the


editorial in the paper, but do you think there will be a moral, a


judgment, being made by the Sun, do you dislike Harry, disapprove of


this? No. They made it is quite clear, the managing director, made


it clear, that the Sun, like probably 99.9% of this country,


really likes Prince Harry. They don't give a damn about this kind


of thing. He's basically the Boris Johnson of the Royal family and


people enjoy his humour and like his party-loving. But getting a


tackle out, in front of a rather surprised, I suspect, American


guests who he never met before, actually I suspect crosses the line.


I'm not trying to make a moral judgment, but, it is bizarre. He is


a massively famous and powerful person, and on that basis it is a


story. It is a story under all circumstances and one of the


reasons why, the Independent isn't doing as well as the Sun is its


decision not to publish pictures, not under your expert editorship.


You know what it is like to lose popularity. If this loses the Sun a


lot of popular readers, will it have been worth it? Well, I suspect


that it certainly wornt have the Hillsborough, effect if that's the


point you're making and it will abone-day wonder. Next week, it


will be fish and chips, accept for a load of politically motivated MPs,


who fancy appearing on Newsnight. There's no such thing as fish and


chips, because everything stays on the internet. Would you expect the


palace to treat this with rig gor, the press complaints at this point?


They were saying please don't run these pictures. Do you think that's


made it worse? I would have thought that's not the wiseest thing for


them to have done, it haes made an issue of press versus the palace.


One thing I disagree S because it is on the internet and people seen


it, therefore we owe it to our readers to see it. What I say S


there's a lot of material on the internet, that people can freely


see, which no newspaper, not even the Sun, would ever dream of


printing. That's a speechless argument. What would be your


message then, to the Sun as it stands? Is that just about dying


circulation figures? No they've made a mistake this morning. I'm


puzzleed why, what's change fred today, from tomorrow, rather than


this morning. The story hasn't advanced. What did happen, is they


had an intern take her clothes off, she Z she was photographing one of


their employees, and that was on the front page, I thought that was


mocked up and tawdry, so, tomorrow, they've gone and published the real


thing. It has to be about sales. It has to


be, I suspect that rue port Murdoch got involved. He's in no mood what


the establishment are saying. Labour MPs, are going to stop


Murdoch, that's the last thing that will stop him right now. Not just


Labour MPs, but is this a big two fingers up to Leveson do you think?


I hope so. I certainly hope so, because it is


about time somebody did. I find, Leveson, gut-churning, in most


respects. I hated him when he said I hoped the Leveson effect wouldn't


end with the end of his tribunal. And actually, I wish more people


had stuck their fingers up to him, and I salute Rupert to do that.


Even if a 27-year-old lad, who is having fun, not doing any harm,


becomes the victim of that? Well, it is not unwitting victim. You


know, he must realise, that with his rather important role as a


Prince of our country, and he's number three on the throne, he has


to carry various responsibilities with him, which I suspect a young


producer on Newsnight wouldn't have. To find equivalence between him and


the guy down on the Dough and Duck who has been extra two pints of


strong bow is right. He knows when he walks warned bodyguards and when


he gets performance at the Olympics, he knows, I would be grateful if he


stopped getting his tackle out. ran out of time just at that moment.


As South Africa mourned hits dead miners, victims of a crackdown of


forces, after a industrial action, President Jacod Zuma set out terms


for a judicial inquiry. It began as demand of wage increases for those


doing deadly work, but now it is a turf war, simic of a country deeply


ill at ease and request for workers freedoms, 18 years after apartheid.


After the killings and bitter recriminations, time to remember


the dead. This morning, in an enormous


marquee, set up beside shacks, all sides came together at last.


Nandipha Guniza lost her husband four weeks ago. Across the aisle,


ANC minister, Collins Chabane whose committee on the tragedy organised


this event. Here the minister of police, and the outspoken Bishop of


preteara, who has been trying to broker an toned the strike, which a


volatile situation which police and miners accrues each other of


violence. Two policemen were among ten others killed, during a feud


between rifle mining unions. Originally, there were to be two


rival memorial services, one official event attended by the mine


owners and Government and second service, organised by the striking


miners themselves. The two sides have been brought together, after


last-minute negotiations involving senior clergy. A rare and welcome


sign of unity in a community bitterly divided since the killings


here last week. This is where the 24 miners were killed, close to the


service. They came, charging down from that


rocky outcrop towards the police lines. What happened next was the


most bloodiest security operation, It's clear from the pictures that


police opened fire with assault rifles, but it is hard tore tell


whether the miners had guns and traditional weapons like machetes.


Where in the world, have you seen people confronting the police.


Remember, we lost policemen, a lot of people have been killed by the


instruments. There's nothing traditional about the spear, when


you are facing into your eyes. So, ANC the commission will


revolutionise things, what went wrong, who was wrong, who was right.


These are killings that shocked South Africa. Bishop of preteara


and President of South African councils. It was the bloodiest


operation since apartheid. What does it mean for South Africa?


is shocking, and disgraceful. That is the biggest misker and we're all


ashamed to be South Africans. Miners come to Marikana, in the


platinum belt of the north west Province from all ofrt country and


beyond, simply because there is work. Though there are complaints


about conditions and wages. Rock drillers earn less than �100 a week,


and are on strike because they want that tripleed. Nandipha Guniza came


from the Eastern Cape, far from the south to follow her husband, a rock


driller shot dead last week. She lives in one room W a young son and


two week old baby. TRANSLATION: My husband was there


and wanted a living wage. Because they were underpaid by the mines,


and they are working through difficult conditions. What are you


going to do now? TRANSLATION: Living here with my


husband was better. Now, I don't know how will I cope without my


husband. Because the only person that was next to me was my husband.


Long minute say 4,000 people flif hostels, convert to single and


double units. Thousands live in the informal settlements and are paid a


housing allowance, for their rent. The conditions here are basic,


puting it mildly. I was shown around the area, known as wonder


cop, by Goodman Masiko one of the striking miners. Familys here, he


said had just one room. Everything you cook here, living here, wash


here. Sometimes, water is coming out. It is difficult. Very


difficult. Sometimes you find seven people in one room. Maybe three,


sometimes, two, with children. Depends on the situation. Rt Rev Dr


Jo Seoka is quietly arranging meetings between the management and


miners. He is sympathetic to the mineser problems. He is chairman of


the benchmarks foundation, which monitors the living conditions of


the mine workers. The conditions of miners have not changed much. In


fact, there is evidence that living allowances are not efficient and


the workers are living in appalling conditions. Appalling conditions?


Yes. It is not different from the hostels, during the apartheid.


Should the ANC be blamed for housing conditions on the mines?


The ministers suggest the mine companies should be doing more.


We'd like the mining houses, or any employer for that matter, to


provide for facility, for the workers, where they can, and ensure


they are a state, in maintaining better living standard. Can you put


pressures on companies like long minute. We thr is no law, this is a


lawful society. It is democratic. You cannot force anyone to do


anything, which is unlawful. Unless we're changing our laws.


killings ensure this will become far more than a dispute about mine


wages. The ANC are in power for 18 years now. And are increasingly


criticised for not delivering on jobs or public services. Its


leaders oven - often seen as elite. How big a crisis is this for the


ANC. The ANC reputation has been damaged by the strike and not just


because of the killings. The strike is led by the break away, AMC union,


which accused the established, MUNN close to the ANC and mine owners


and getting support at Americaa. I'm supporting, AMCU, because these


are the ones that are staying with us. People are saying the MUN is


close to the ANC. Do you think this is making the people less scene on


the ANC? It is, people don't trust ANC any more because of the these


things. If MUM is having shares in the company, and ANC is the part of


the MUC, and they told the police to come and shoot at us. Another


problem the ANC face is the firebrand, Julius Malema once


leader of the ANC youth league but now expelled from the party. He


called from President Zuma to resign and mines to be nationalised.


When we met him he was with the police station, laying charges of


the police for the killings. I have the those people had weapons, and


therefore they were dangerous, it is not true. You must look at Mr


President Zuma's pictures, every time he is at home, when he gets


married all the time he careies the same weapons, as the workers. Is he


carrying dangerous weapons during wedings. That's not true. There is


nothing dangerous about the weapons sthoox the police will say,


presumably the workers were charactering at them? There was an


argument a worker was the first one to shoot. Let's say there was such


a worker, highly trained police should have the capacity to


identify that worker, amongst the workers. Isolate him and take him


on. The ANC are clearly aware of the potential damage caused by the


strike and killings. President Zuma who faces re-election as party


leader at the end of the year, visited the mine, there's to be an


interministerial and judicial inquiry. It was announced today it


will be looking at the role of long minute, rival unions and police.


You're confident the ANC hasn't lost backing because of this?


don't think so. But, obviously, in elections you can only judge that


by the elections, not even by service. By elections themselves.


But the mop is not so confident. He argues the strike and killings are


symptomatic of South Africa. have greed which led to serious


challenge of corruption. Greed from the management, greed from whom?


Management, they want to make more money. And give very little to the


workers. Our politicians are not doing as much as they promised to


do. They're saying that the poor must be looked of. Wealth must be


shared. But that's not what is happening. How serious could this


be become if the problem is not addressed? It could lead to


conflict. It could lead the poor rising up against the rich. It is


an extraordinary, and frightening week for Marikana mine and South


Africa. It started with a killings at this rocky outcrop, and ended


with soul-searching over problems that affect the entire country.


Well, a look at tomorrow's front pages. One in particular, making


pages. One in particular, making headlines all on its own. The Sun.


BBC decide not to show the picture. Op the mirror's front page, Harry


with clothes on, Charles tears a strip off Harry as the Vegas girl


reveals wild party secrets. Elizabeth Murdoch is on the front


of the guardian, she rounds on her brother which spoke a couple of


years ago, and praises the BBC. Rain on the menu for this weekend.


Disappointing for many, but sunshine at times. We start Friday


with a mixture. Showers pushing up across parts of England and


Scotland. In between, some drier and brighter


spells, across a chunk of England. East Anglia and far south-east.


Clouds looming close to London, wet weather sweeping in, much of Wales,


might clear up across Devon and Cornwall, but don't bank on that


one. Thunder mixed in with this heavy rain and gusty winds. The wet


weather will be pushing up through the Irish Sea, knockingen a the


door of County Down. Scotland is not shaping up too badly. One or


two showers, most places will be reasonably dry and bright.


Looking into Saturday, disturbed spell of weather, just for all of


us. Heavy showers, prolonged rain, and across southern counties, gusty


winds, particularly along the south coast. These could cause problems


In-depth investigation and analysis of the stories behind the day's headlines with Emily Maitlis. GCSE pass rates have fallen for first time in 26 years. Are this year's students the victims of deliberate grade deflation? And what are GCSEs today really worth?

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