11/11/2013 Newsnight


News stories with Gavin Esler. Including the latest from the Philippines, green energy levies that are not working, Lucian Freud, and the doctor who says he has been tortured.

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state of national calamity. The number of dead simply cannot be


counted. We will be live in Tacloban and hear from the Save The Children


Fund. A British doctor in a Syrian jail has written to the Foreign


Secretary claiming he was subject to torture.


We ask his brother what he wants William Hague to do. And this. The


first nude portrait Lucien painted was of his daughter Annie aged 14. A


new and intimate diary of Lucien Freud, one of the most controversial


portrait painters of the last century.


Good evening, the numbers and estimated 10,000 dead, many more


Good evening, the numbers and breakdown of law and order have all


been reporting, with close to ten million people directly affected.


Today David Cameron has pledged an extra ?4 million to the relief


effort and has sent a Royal Navy ship and plane to assist in the


disaster. We report on whether weather like


this are more likely. The scale of this massively powerful storm in the


Philippines is made real from space, from weather satellites and this


taken by one of the astronauts on board the International Space


Station. On the ground the impact of the typhoon is hard to absorb. At


least 10,000 feared dead in Tacloban, that is one small city on


one of thousands of islands. We need food, water, we have


one of thousands of islands. We need from the staff and volunteers of the


Philippine Red Cross on the ground, they are liking the scenes they are


coming across to those of the tsunami. It is the same devastation,


the flattened houses, the desperate needs of the people on the ground.


Clearly at this point we are still not getting the full information on


the scale of the disaster, I mean we're hearing huge figures from the


UN today of 9. 8 million but we won't have access to all the


seriously affected areas. When this kind of extreme weather event hits,


people will inevitably ask whether it can be linked to climate change.


Whether we might have made the situation worse. Well single events


are hard to attribute to climate change, and typhoons and tropical


cyclones in particular. This typhoon cannot be linked to climate change.


Looking ahead to coming decades the expectation is the intensity of this


kind of storm expectation is the intensity of this


This is not strange in that regard. We do see if we look into the


future, the models suggest that in future when the sea surface


temperatures warm up that we can expect to get more intense tropical


cyclones. The imprint of this typhoon is plane


from these before and after photographs. Cargo ships washed


ashore, houses with their roofs ripped off. It is harder to imagine


a more intense storm, what might that mean for Governments planning


ahead for such events, trying to minimise the loss of life. We need a


good hindsight we view to see what was done and how well it was done.


The Philippines is generally well prepared, given its level of


resources. It suffers from floods, earthquakes, landslides, tsunamis,


major volcanic eruptions and it is earthquakes, landslides, tsunamis,


inhabitants. This island nation has a culture of dealing with the


destructive forces of nature, yet it has been overwhelmed. The typhoon


weakened over Vietnam and into southern China. If, in the future,


the intensity of such storms does increase, aid agencies will need to


plan for an even bigger response for the years ahead. We will have an


obligation to work much harder to persuade the donor community to


invest in that preparedness beforehand. As you can see with the


access issues now, the best is to have people and goods in place


before the event. We had a good indication this was coming, it was


hard to mobilise the support up front. I think that will be our


challenge if the typhoon seasons start to increase in impact. Once


all the data is in, this may turn out to be the strongest recorded


typhoon ever out to be the strongest recorded


been devastateded. -- devastated. What are you seeing? The rain that


Susan was talking about, possibly coming. It has arrived here. We have


had torrential downpours overnight. I counted at least four. And this in


an already very bad situation, the one thing that really stands out


here is that there are virtually no buildings with their roofs intact.


So this means even where people are not in the total devastation area,


they are living in buildings without roofs, with the rain that is falling


the miserable situation is even worse. Are the authorities in


control, can you say there is law and order or something like it? We


see very little of the authorities over the last two days here. There


is no real presence of troops or police


is no real presence of troops or have been able to survive for the


last three days on the little food that they have. But everywhere we


went on Monday people kept saying to us, please help us, we have no food,


our children are hungry, when is the Government going to come and help


us. There is a real sense that they are not getting any help. We are now


into I think, we could count this as the fifth day starting now since the


disaster struck. There isn't still any sense of the Government arriving


here and giving people the help they need. We have the chief executive of


Save The Children in the studio. It is obviously appalling, but do we


have any sense actually of how bad it is. There must be lots of places


that nobody from outside has been to yet? No we don't have any sense. We


only have the reports from teams on the ground, like the Save The


Children team I spoke to earlier, saying how desperate it is getting


in places like Tacloban. That saying how desperate it is getting


to focus on. The danger is, if we don't get enough aid in, it will be


pregnant mum, it will be children who won't get that aid. We have to


get food and water in very quickly. David Cameron as you know has


announced a total of ?10 million in British aid. HMS Daring is going


from Singapore to the Philippines and an RAF C-17, those are broadly


the right things? They are the right things to do, the most important


thing tomorrow is to open Tacloban Airport fully. It is partly


operational but we need it to be a 24-hour round the clock air HUB to


get the aid in. We can't get it in by road, there is another regional


hub on another island not too far away, but it is ferry and roads, it


might take ten-hours of driving with the roads blocked and only


motorbikes on them. We need to get the air hub and get into Tacloban


and spread out to other parts of the air hub and get into Tacloban


events. In Africa, for example. When I was in west Africa recently old


men were tell Muslim League they used -- men were telling me they


used to have a drought every ten years and now it is every two years.


Communities are facing extreme weather change. We can argue about


climb plate change, but including typhoons like this, you can't


attribute to it, but the impotencity must be connected with some --


intensity must be connected with some form of climate change. We need


to put preparedness measures in place. You presumably learn from


every one of these disasters to do better. Preparedness, is that


difficult for donors to stump up for, people look at this and


understand why they have to give cash, but don't think in advance of


a disaster that they should do that? It is the most important investment.


We have had a storm in India where It is the most important investment.


a lot of food and water in. And we are sending a plane in tomorrow. The


most important thing is to have local communities trained in that


preparedness in place. One of your own work Workers went in earlier,


she went in to what is this? We sent six people into the eye of the storm


to be ready when it hit. We lost contact for three days. We were very


worried they lost their lives. They survived but many people haven't. We


now need to act very quickly. All the organisation, us, Oxfam, the


United Nations are there ready to help. But we do need to get this air


hub functioning to get huge amounts of aid in. We need to get aid to


people. Coming up: of aid in. We need to get aid to


at the moment. One of the called schemes is the green levy, they


charge customers extra on their bills to do with green issues. ECO


is supposed to help the poorest customers afford insulation or new


boilers. A Freedom of Information request has revealed the energy


companies supposed to help customers are reaching a tiny fraction of the


eligible households. We have been finding out where the money from


your bills is going? ?57 that is the amount the average bill payer is


forced to pay to their energy company to fix up other people's


draftee houses. New wall insulation put on these homes in Nottingham.


Clashing bills, relieving fuel poverty and cutting carbon


emissions, this is what British Gas is among the companies


saying hitting ECO targets will hit far more than the Government says.


Not ?57 but ?90 a bill payer. One of the factors outside is pushing bills


up. But EON is far ahead with fixing up deals with local authorities and


fixing en masse and to budget. Elaine is an NPower customer, her


daughter is with British Gas. But it was EON that did their free


insulation. The floors are a lot warmer, first thing in the morning


they used to be really cold to stand on, they are a lot warmer. I used to


put two quilts on my bed in the winter, now I only have the one on.


You get out of bed in winter, now I only have the one on.


reason is they have to hit targets for helping people by March 2015, if


they don't they can get fined 10% of turnover. In the case of British Gas


for example that could be hundreds of millions of pounds.


The Government won't disclose details of low income customers from


the benefits system, so it costs firms hundreds of pounds to find


them. Customers aren't always willing to tell but their personal


circumstances, some customers are proud about their personal


circumstances and don't want to tell you they are vulnerable, they have


to sign up to being vulnerable in front of people they don't


particularly know. For some people they don't want to have to admit to


these things. It is hard work to find customers and the whole he


industry and the whole country could benefit if we were to share data


better with the Department of Work and d Pensions.


The think-tank got Ofgem to and d Pensions.


weakened rather than delivering the support the bill payers need to see.


It is vital that the Government doesn't bow down to this pressure


from the energy companies and makes sure that this support for energy


efficiency improvement stays in place. Like other companies, EON is


expected to have to raise bills in the coming weeks with talk from the


Prime Minister of rolling back green taxes. NPower says it is still


confident it will meet its target, as does British Gas with projects


worth ?900 million. Meanwhile we are all paying for ECO through our


bills. If it is going to work they will have to step up the pace.


We asked representatives of the energy companies and ministers from


the department for energy and climate change, to come on to


Newsnight to talk to us about ECO, but nobody was available. Happily


the Shadow Energy Minister, and ECO for adding on to our bills.


This Freedom of Information that the think-tank has asked from the


regulator, we can see three of the energy companies are not meeting


their targets, and they have put up our bills on the basis this is


increasing their costs. I ask myself the question if I was asking


somebody to do energy efficiency in my home I would pay when the work is


done. They seemed to suggest we should pay through the bills. What


should we do, should we suspend the system until it is sorted out.


People, as you say, are paying green levies of various sorts and not


seeing the money being used the way they thought it was? I would have


thought we shouldn't have to wait for a Freedom of Information


question from Ofgem. So the public and others who are interested can


see what is going on with the schemes. What should we do about it?


I think ECO is a flawed scheme, it is overly bureaucratic. For one


I think ECO is a flawed scheme, it about how the energy companies go


about this. We have said we would have a scheme based on local areas


and therefore it would be bottom up rather than top down, we think we


can reach people more effectively through local councils and charities


and groups. Would you suspend it now? What we have to interrogate


here. Let's be honest about this ECO is part of the debate because the


companies are trying to defend against their price rises. I think


it is fair for us to question them on how they have attributed their


price costs and therefore on our bills. They blame ECO the regulator


should only cost ?15, and yet the companies say it is over ?57. The


Telegraph tomorrow has spiralling energy bills, and the Energy


Secretary saying the companies are treating customers like cash cows do


you believe that? Strong words, we have said


you believe that? Strong words, we parliament as he said he is


tomorrow. We have people in the coalition fighting over issues so


important to bill payers. They could freeze the bills now, they could put


the over 75s on the cheap tarrif, those are Labour's measures in


Government and they have to match words with actions.


He had the title "Senior Adviser for Innovation" to Secretary of State,


Hillary Clinton, Alec Ross fill filled that, and it took him to


Libya and the Democratic Republic of Congo and helping rebels in the


border areas of Syria. In the 2008 presidential election Alec Ross


masterminded Barack Obama's technology and multimedia strategy,


playing a key role in getting him to the White House. That success helped


secure a the White House. That success helped


seemed a marginal aspects of foreign policy, it all changed with the Arab


Spring where it played apart. He helped keep communication 0 networks


running in places like Benghazi, in the face of a ban. The application


of digital technology to revolutionary ends looks less


positive today as the Arab Spring has unravelled. The risk to security


of modern communications has become more obvious, the more we learn


about GCHQ and others thanks to Edward Snewden. Can America lecture


the world about digital freedom, while at the same time using


Intelligence Services to exploit these new methods of communication


which potentially put liberty at risk.


Alec Ross is with me no When you worked on this programme, trying


Alec Ross is with me no When you were Twitter revolutions or Facebook


revolutions they were pro-President Yeltsin by people in the extend they


have -- propelled by people in the extent as they had the


communication. There isn't an app for building a democratic society.


It is tanks that matter in the end. People can communicate through


Twitter but it doesn't matter if they are going to get shot at? The


most powerful technology in a conflict where the Government is


using bullets and tanks. The technology that matters the most are


the bullets and the tank. Cellphone versus tank, the tank will win. Here


is the thing, in many countries a head of state isn't going to be


willing to gun down their pole. In this case what these technologies do


is give very powerful capablities to citizens and networks of citizens.


do that? That is right. You cannot divorce the technology from the


reality on the ground. There is certain constituencies that think


you can tweet your way to democracy. It is a very powerful tool for


communication, collaboration, for elevating people's voices, but if


what a Government is doing is saying a site is blocked, you won't tweet


yourself to a Jeffersonian democracy.


So in places like Iran and Syria social media plays a minor role?


What will ultimately change China and Iran are young people in these


countries. There are half a billion people who use microbloging sites.


400 million of whom are under the age of 25. That is what whether


change China. That age of 25. That is what whether


don't really see the two as being entirely interrelated. Internet


freedom is the freedom to connect to the Internet, to the websites of


one's choosing. And to be listened to by the NSA? I don't think


internet freedom is the freedom to do whatever you want with nobody


necessarily looking on the internet. This is really a manifestation.


Today's manifestation. This is the year 2013 manifestation of the


century's long tension between security and liberty. It is


difficult for an American to lecture or suggest people adopt some of


these technologies when a major arm of the US Government is doing this


isn't it? I don't think they are lecturing, I don't think


finger-wagging, impurrous lecturing at the people around the world ever


work, even when you have a halo over your head, which few states do. Do


you have a your head, which few states do. Do


the world has learned a lot. One of the things that I come to personally


is as these technologies grow more and more powerful, just because


something is legal and technologically possible doesn't


mean it is the right thing to do. Is Hillary Clinton running for the


presidency of the United States the right thing to do, you worked with


her for a while? Absolutely the right thing to do. I hope so, I have


an 11-year-old son, I have an eight-year-old daughter, and a


six-year-old daughter, and I pray to good almighty that they grow up in a


country that Hillary Clinton is a President and some right thing Tea


Party Republican is not. America needs her, the world needs her, you


all need her. Do you think she will run? I don't know. This speculation,


it drives her a little bonkers I think. Because it is three years


away. We actually think. Because it is three years


unwin! -- to win! A British doctor imprisoned in Syria a year ago has


written to the Foreign Secretary decribing torture at the hands of


prison guards. 31-year-old Shah Nawaz Khan vanished while working as


an emergency surgeon in AP LEP POE a year -- Aleppo a year ago.


Nothing has been heard from him. We speak to his brother in a few


moments. REAK Nothing has been heard from him. We speak to his brother in


a few moments. Dr Adlington Khan checking off medical lists in 2012.


The young father of two had flown to Turkey with the charity Human Aid,


he was patching up civilian casualties arriving daily from


across the Syrian border. By casualties arriving daily from


thousand worth of medical flies -- ?20,000 worth of medical supplies,


and started setting up a hospital. 48 hours later he was taken by


President Assad's forces. Many of those who think they can help by


crossing borders into Syria. They are taking great risks. We all see


the really horrendous situation that is Syria at the moment. What the


real issue here is the need for humanitarian access. If the proper


agencies, the UN, the Red Cross and other humanitarian agencies were


able to go into Syria and provide support and help we wouldn't see


individuals risks all in the way we have seen this doctor. For six


months his family didn't know if he was alive or dead. Then in July his


mother flew from London to Damascus. She found her son in prison,


weighing just five stone. And His two young children have also


written to William Hague asking for help. The Foreign Office has long


been advising against all travel to Syria, it says it will use every


opportunity to press for his release, but with diplomatic


relations suspended its options in the country are limited. I'm joined


by Dr Khan's brother. Just before we came on air we got a message from


the Foreign Office almost. But aside from that they


have not really been imaginative in trying to push for my brother's


release. We have been prompting them on the actions that they could


possibly take. We appreciate that there isn't a consular service in


Syria. We don't recognise the regime effectively? We don't. But that said


we are dealing with nations, whether it be Russia, China, indeed we have


been in meetings with Iran recently. They do recognise the regime and


have good connections with the regime. And indeed have been


involved in brokering the release of other prisoners from other


countries, indeed the French, the Germans, the Italians have been


successful in getting their citizens out. What do you make of the


allegation that is your brother is reporting of witnessing beatings and


being beaten up himself? Understandably they are of great


distress. I haven't Understandably they are of great


what he was going through -- presume about what he was going through. We


are grateful now's being treated slightly better. His weight has


picked up a little bit. He has been transferred to a civilian prison.


That is because of our backing. My mother's gone and chimed every bell


and knocked on every door within Damascus. She has been more


effective than the British Government. Can I ask you directly,


here is a man who went into Syria without a visa, over a very porous


border, where there are a lot of foreign fighters who come into


Syria, you can see where it is going. Is there any chance your


brother was involved with the opposition, political activity or


actually was a foreign fighter, is there any chance that have? No, we


are an apolitical family. He has dedicated his life to his career,


training as a surgeon, and his kindly to anybody helping or giving


any assistance. Certainly when I flew out there initially the worry


was that they could just kill him. And it came as a relief that he was


alive, and to an extent held by the regime rather than a more extreme


element. I think he would be as moved by the Philippines that you


have already covered, as by the might of the Syrian people. Do you


think he's been treated differently either by the Foreign Office or the


Syrians because his name is Dr Khan and not Dr Smith or Jones? I can't


tell you exactly the reasons why we as family believe if he was an


English female JOURMist then -- journalist, then yes, the response


would be different, more direct briefings. We haven't heard from


William Hague at all, we are told's following TSHG but he hasn't


attempted to meet as you at any time. I fleetingly


attempted to meet as you at any process, that is simply not taking


place. Those are things we are pushing for. Lucien Freud was one of


the most acclaimed portrait painterings of the last century, and


also one of the -- painters of the last century, and also one of the


most extraordinary, his life included brushes with gambling and


debts and brushes with the law. Now a new diary has been revealed,


Breakfast With Lucien. We asked Geordie Greig to make a short film


about his work. I was 17 when I first saw paintings


by Lucien Freud. It was the era of punk, and I found these


psychologically more edge, punk, and I found these


we got talking. Lucien was the grandson of Sigmund Freud Freud, the


founder of psychoanalysis. He was born in Berlin, but in 1942, when


Lucien was ten, his family moved to London to escape the Nazis. He


started as a penniless emigre, but became one of the most acclaimed


painters of his generation. Luis YEP changed the perception of


portraiture, and especially the nude in art. His subjects were an


extraordinary picksure of people, criminal, supermodel, aristocrat,


even the Queen. His naked figures were sensual. But to some people


cruel and shocking. There was always a frisson about his outrageous


private life. Gambling, hundreds a frisson about his outrageous


final shot. I wrote him a letter saying I have got a brilliant idea


but I need to see you in person. I was banking on his curiosity. Well,


he rang. Come for breakfast. So I went to his studio and over a


breakfast ofburg Gandhi and -- Burgandy, and half a roasted


partridge that I WI he had eaten the night before I unravelled my


brilliant idea. My idea was to photograph Frank Albach and you can


be in the photograph. He was a fellow Jewish emigre and painter who


arrived in the 30s and who Lucien saw every week for breakfast. He


said, OK. It led to another breakfast, this


time at the Cock Tavern in the meat district of London where they had


kidneys and a cup of tea. This was the


kidneys and a cup of tea. This was for breakfast. At Clarke's in


Notting Hill. Where Lucien came every day with his assistant, David


Dawson. Lucien Freud Freud was -- Lewis yen


Freud was one of the most original people I ever met, he hung out with


criminals and heiresses. He spoke about escaping from Nazi Germany,


hanging out with the Queen when he painted her. Painting Kate Moss.


Gambling debts of extraordinary amounts of money. And always there


was a cultural vein which was focussed on his art. After Lucien


died in July 2011, I spoke to the people closest to him. Most of whom


also people closest to him. Most of whom


told me how Lucien placed her in an uncomfortable pose, possibly


reflecting the problems that developed in their relationship. In


many ways my book is a key to the people who were painted by Lucien.


It identifies, sometimes for the first time, who was painted. The


women Women In Fur Coat, Big Man, they were titles that he used, that


always obscured and kept secret the idea of those in Freud land. But how


important is it to know the intimate secrets of an obsessively private


individual? I met the art critic Brian Sewell at the National


Portrait Gallery, in front of a painting of Lord Rothschild, an arts


patron who had once lent money painting of Lord Rothschild, an arts


ever said about that was "I paint with my prick". That is so true of


Freud. The first nude portrait Lucien painted was of his daughter


Annie aged 14. She told me how her father would reach with his paint


brush to move strands of her hair to see her nipple. There is very little


in his early work in which anything is there by chance. It is there


because he wants it to be precisely there. That is a very good example.


Everything is deliberate. That where I Think your revolution of the


sexual Freud is there, it is a deliberate note and what he wishes


you to see. deliberate note and what he wishes


art which defines him. It was a life well lived, well loved and certainly


one we won't see again. Geordie Greig is here and one of


Lucien's children. Was this book a bit of a shock for you? I think it


was more difficult to read than shocking to read. I think most of


the things I knew in general but not in detail. And was that


uncomfortable? Some of the reading was definitely very uncomfortable.


Do you see why, I mean Brian Sewell made the point clearly, why a great


artist, we do want to know quite a lot about them. Is that, do you


think, fair game? It has nothing to do with the arts. The suggests, they


held a certain charge and that do with the arts. The suggests, they


make of that? He didn't like journalists for a start. You were


persistent and you won his trust? Lucien allowed his whole life to be


shown on his canvas, shown in public places and galleries. I have illumid


who those people are and how they fitted into his complicated life. 14


children axe no mamsed, others, many who came in and out -- acknowledged,


others who came in and out of his life. It is what story tellers and


writers do is to illuminate who are the people in the art. We have seen


this in TS Eliot and Thomas hardy and often the family don't like it.


It is a tough call and often the family don't like it.


domesticated. We never had a normal family relationship with him, of


course. That is the case with many artists. Look at Picasso, for


example. But the point he was making is the family will always object,


and if you look at the painting behind you, you can see something


very intimate. People perhaps want to know more than just the title, is


that not a legitimate area to look at? I understand people want to


know, I'm talking about him, he didn't title with names or meaning


to be important. He said to me when I talked about my work he asked on


several occasions show me what you are working on, when I came back


from Rome I showed work. If I talked about meaning he went spare, he got


very, very angry. I know for about meaning he went spare, he got


understand the driving forces. What was set up with the model and


himself, the psychological space. All that energy, all that... Libido,


if you like, went into the work. He would have hated your book, wouldn't


he? I don't think he would have. It is written after his death. He knew


I tape recorded the conversations, because the tape recorder was often


put down on the table when we had breakfast. Breakfast With Lucien is


a very frank and candidate book. Lucien was never anything but did


Ied in his wife and work. Did he want you to write TU do you think?


He knew that I had interviewed him and we had done interviews. This is


an extension of that. In that way he would have


an extension of that. In that way he died. Some critics were not as kind


as Sewell, one said you give us the gas gossip but failed to capture the


artist? I think they mean art. It is a very fulsome look at his wife. He


had, in his life, dating great DA Garbo, borrowing -- great at that


Garbo, hanging out with the Krays and the Queen painting her. He


covered the 21st century to heights to painting Kate Moss. It wasn't a


life as iconic and totemic as a 20th century artist. That is why it is a


biography. Which has caused debate, consternation and controversial and


why it is very, very readable. Jennifer Lawrence, about the


influence of her movies on young women.


You have voiced concerns about the pressure on young women in


particular to young women to be thin, do you worry about losing


weight for a role? When we were doing The Hunger Games, it is called


The Hunger Games, she is obviously underfed, she would be incredibly


thin. But I was like, I just kept saying, this is we have the ability


to control this image that young girls are going to be seeing. We


need to make, girls see enough of this body that we can't imitate,


that we will never be able to obtain, these unrealistic


expectations and this is going to be their hero. And we have control over


that. So it is an their hero. And we have control over


you with a bow and arrow wouldn't really be scary. Now the papers.


We leave you with the Russian # I'm up all night to get some


# I'm up all night to get lucky # Wait up all night to get some


# Wait up all night for good fun Wait up all night to


Good evening a rather murky start to tomorrow


The latest from the Philippines, the green energy levies that are not working, the British doctor who says he is being tortured in a Syria jail, plus Lucian Freud.

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