In-depth investigation and analysis of the stories behind the day's headlines with Kirsty Wark.
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The rape and murder of two teenage cousins in India
highlights once again the entrenched problem of sexual violence towards
TRANSLATION: When I went to the police they asked me what car system
I belong to and then I asked -- then they asked why I had come to them. I
begged and pleaded for help. I'll be asking the campaigner
Gita Sahgal why politicians and the police seem incapable
of treating women as equals. In next week's Newark by-election,
the Conservatives will be trying to At least one illustrious toff has
had his nose bloodied here in the past. Charles I surrendered the town
to a people's army back in the Civil War, and it was never the same
again. Could a similar fate be about to befall David Cameron?
Ed Miliband says he no longer reads British newspapers.
Is he out of touch or ahead of the curve?
I'll be asking some of Fleet Street's finest and the bureau chief
The terrible images of two teenage Indian girls hanging from a tree,
apparently killed after a gang rape in Uttar Pradesh, have been beamed
around the world, drawing attention again to India's dismal record on
preventing sexual violence, despite tougher laws enacted after
the fatal gang rape of a student on a bus in New Delhi in 2012.
Two alleged perpetrators have been arrested and the search is on
A word of warning, Jim Reed's report contains very disturbing images
Put them in jail, we will just not accept this. So when the childs in
Delhi today. Students protested outside government offices.
Politicians inside grappled with another shocking case of sexual
violence. 150 miles away, the village of Katra Shahadatganj, a
very disturbing scene. Two girls murdered. Aged just 14 and 16, they
were found only in the morning. Both were raped before they were killed.
The girls disappeared crossing and Orchard Field to find a toilet.
Villagers angry at the police response refused to cut the bodies
down. One of the go's fathers said he went to the police but they would
not help because he was from a lower caste.
TRANSLATION: When I first went to the police, they asked me what cost
belong to and then asked why I had come to them. They said, you people
create trouble for yourselves. Two police officers have now been sacked
and a third has been accused of conspiring with the killers. A
spokesman told Newsnight the whole judicial system needs to change.
Discrimination based on caste is technically illegal in India but
human rights groups say it is commonplace. Young women from a
lower cost group are often the most vulnerable to sexual abuse. -- lower
caste. The case has been leading news bulletins or week in India. A
country which has been trying to deal with a string of high-profile
sexual assault cases. There is utter outrage... In 2012, a student in
Delhi was raped and murdered on a bus. That triggered nationwide
protests and a change in the law, making gang rape punishable by
death, even in cases where the victim survives. In India, rape as a
crime is still rarely reported. According to official figures, there
are just six cases for every 100,000 citizens, a fraction of the rate in
the UK. Just 9% of those make it a trial and just 2% ending conviction.
Both girls were cremated earlier this week in the village of Katra
Shahadatganj. Two suspects in their murder, both brothers, are in
custody. Police are searching for a third man.
Well, a short while ago, I spoke to Gita Sahgal, the former
head of Amnesty International's gender unit, and the great niece of
There was an attitude that in the wake of the horrific bus killings in
2012 that there would be a change in sexual attitudes towards women, but
in fact have things got any better for the vast majority of women in
India? I don't think things have got better for the vast majority of
women India but what has happened is there has been a big debate and
young people in particular are really not willing to tolerate what
they might once have tolerated, so women are coming out and saying they
will go out, they will be out in public, they will travel on public
transport, and they want to be able to do these things safely, and they
feel profoundly unsafe. And indeed I wonder if they feel that fear is
reinforced, in a way, by the recent elections? For example, we have the
former chief minister of Uttar Pradesh saying, boys will be boys,
and his son now is chief minister. Of those attitudes are entrenched in
politics, why should things change? I think the elections showed some
pretty awful trends. He and various other politicians made remarks which
showed they thought there was some electoral mileage in supporting
people who raped. And that really is astonishing. They were reacting
against the movements of women coming out, of trying to speak to a
constituency that they felt would appreciate their remarks and say it
was open season on women and rape. And misogyny can be worn as a badge
of honour by many different politicians. A number of other
politicians have said, if you wear the wrong sort of clothes, you are
at risk. This isn't, of course, you need to India. People have said this
in Great Britain, they have said it in America, in many other places. I
think what is particularly appalling in India, though, is that we have a
country where rape has been quite consciously used as a weapon of
division and a weapon of war. In religious conflict, in caste
conflict. And where you have the state itself implicated in many
cases. Police, of course, have been criticised over this horrific latest
rape and hanging, and that if anything is to be done by virtue of
what we saw in 2012 and this, it is a kind of re-education of the
police, and that clearly hasn't happened. There are people trying to
conduct change in rounds of various police forces but, no, it is
endemic, and the problem is, it comes from the top. I don't think
one can blame simply the individual policemen. You have been campaigning
against sex or violence and rape for many, many years, not just in
India, but also in Britain. And I wonder if you are despondent or if
you can see something which might lead to change? I think I can't
afford to be despondent. I think things are very bad and I don't
actually think they are going to get worse because rape is simply a sign,
one sign, of a society that is increasingly being brutalised, and
if society in general is being brutalised them rape will go on
happening and we have a very long history of it. Rape happens across
different religious communities and then it has happened repeatedly in
massacre after massacre in India. In every single year since
independence. So we have a brutal history. And a very brutal present.
Gita Sahgal, thank you very much for joining us.
If the Conservatives could have planned the electoral calendar,
the last thing they would have wanted after UKIP's performance
in the European elections would have been a by-election caused
by the disgrace and resignation of the incumbent Tory MP.
But next Thursday, in the East Midlands seat of Newark,
where Patrick Mercer had a 16,000 majority,
We sent Stephen Smith to this historic Civil War site to see how
the parties are lining up for battle. Four centuries ago,
the parties are lining up old stones of Newark Castle ran to
the sounds of musket and Pike, as the old order wobbled on its axis.
At least one illustrious toff had the old order wobbled on its axis.
has his -- had had his nose bloodied here in the past. Charles
has his -- had had his nose bloodied surrendered the tower to a people's
army during the Civil War and it was never the same again. Could the same
fate be about to befall David Cameron? Now UKIP is mustering its
still keep -- it's Roman in a bid to take Newark from the Tories.
still keep -- it's Roman in a bid to say the party harks back to some
mythical England that never really was. I wonder when UKIP feels
Britain was last at its best? How far would you to turn the clock
back? What an question! Nobody is turning the clock back. We're
looking at the future of Great Britain as a nation connected with
the world, not an offshore province in a nation called Europe. You seem
to have a down on gay marriage, immigration, of course. If you look
at the MEPs elected last week, they include more than a quarter as
women, and Asian-Muslim and also an openly gay UKIP MEP from Scotland.
These are Conservative Party balloons. Bright, pretty baubles are
a speciality of the Tory balloons. Bright, pretty baubles are
who is a director of a well-known London auction house. You don't feel
you are a slightly rarefied object, with all due respect to being here?
As a career politician? I think most people here respond to having
someone who is a bit younger, has some energy, wants to get things
done but has some experience before going into politics. What I hope I
have proved in the last six months is genuine care for the area. I've
moved here with my family and spent a lot of time... But the UKIP Khai
has been here all his life, hasn't the? -- UKIP guy? Well, I can't
think of anything he has achieved in the last four years. Once again, the
big guns have been wheeled out in Newark. The grandees of the major
parties have been here in recent days, reeling from the explosion of
UKIP showing at the European elections. So are the locals
suitably impressed by all this action? These are the dungeons at
Newark Castle. He would go so far as to say they would like to see
politicians incarcerated here. -- few would go. It is difficult to
find much love for them. How do you feel about voting in general? Do you
want the truth? I don't know. I think it's a waste of time. I'd end
really bother with it. I never ready have done. Do you ever vote here?
I'm not voting. Why not? I don't want to. Do you generally? No. I do
get it, I don't vote. They kick and scream if we don't get our word
across. If not, how can we moan? scream if we don't get our word
won't find scream if we don't get our word
turn in Newark market. But if the bloom is well and truly off party
politics, as some believe, how are the candidates responding? Labour
won the seat as recently as 97. But all the attraction seems to be with
UKIP. Look, this is normally a safe seat for David Cameron so I am sure
this is giving him a huge headache. But people feel let down that their
energy bills are up and some people voted Lib Dem in 2010 and now let
down because they support a tax cut for millionaires and tuition fees.
And people are saying, I'm the only truly local candidate in this race.
I couldn't see your leader's face on the leaflet there. Is he a liability
view? No. This is all about local issues and campaigns and talking
about what we have done across the constituency. Nick Clegg has been a
brilliant leader for us and we have achieved an awful lot with him
leading the party in government and I hope he will stay as our leader
for years to come. Some here are striving to get to Westminster.
Others streamed their George Osborne's runaway cat, happy to have
as little as possible to do with the place.
And this is the full list of candidates that are contesting
any in other parts of the United Kingdom but there is now evidence of
a disturbing further dimension. Stormont politician Anna Lo is the
UK's only parliamentarian of Chinese origin and was the first vice-chair
of the Northern Ireland Council for Ethnic Minorities. But now she says
she's had enough of racist abuse by loyalists and sectarianism and is
getting out of Northern Irish politics and perhaps Northern
Ireland itself, her home for more than 30 years. She joins us now.
Somebody who went to Northern Ireland at the height of The
Troubles, and lived there through all The Troubles, you say you feel
vulnerable and even scared. So why? Well, we certainly have seen an
increase of racist attacks on ethnic minorities in recent months. I was
on a - I was very, very angry when the First Minister of Northern
Ireland, head of our Government, coming out to support a Past wor who
had made very -- Pastor who had made very racist, sweeping negative
comments on a Muslim community and so I was very angry and I was very
concerned for people in ethnic minority communities and there may
be further increase in racism in Northern Ireland. But what's
happened to you personally, have you felt abuse? Yes, I certainly have
experienced threats. I have experienced abuse, online abuse and
also a recent incident in a shopping centre. You were chased? Yes. And
are you sure it is only coming from loyalists, I gather that's what you
are saying? Well, it's difficult to know, but the majority of the online
abuse would appear to be from loyalists in reaction to our party
stance on the flags issue and my comments calling for the union flags
to be taken down from lamp-posts and to have paramilitary murals painted
before the start of the Giro d'Italia which took place in
Northern Ireland and I got a backlash from loyalist communities.
Do you feel that Northern Ireland is your home? Northern Ireland is very
much my home. As you said, I came there in 1974, at the height of The
Troubles. I loved the place, I love the people and I worked in the
voluntary sector, in social services and in politics now for seven years.
I gather you spoke to Martin McGuinness on the phone,
I gather you spoke to Martin you talk about? He was sympathetic
and wanted to come and see me after the executive committee meeting,
afternoon but unfortunately I had to afternoon but unfortunately I had to
be back to my constituency office but we had a good chat on the phone.
He but we had a good chat on the phone.
anything that would perintad you but we had a good chat on the phone.
overwhelming show of for for you, particularly what you
overwhelming show of for for you, week, would you reconsider leaving
Northern Ireland? I am absolutely heartened and really grateful and
appreciate the thousands of messages from people of Northern Ireland. And
the two rallies organised by people from the public and also NGOs
the two rallies organised by people really has restored my faith in the
good people of Northern Ireland. I really has restored my faith in the
know we have a very small minority of people
know we have a very small minority you stay in Northern Ireland, do
know we have a very small minority think? Yes, I will. Well, thank you
very much. think? Yes, I will. Well, thank you
It might be the depressing nature think? Yes, I will. Well, thank you
adverse commentary think? Yes, I will. Well, thank you
just the grubby newsprint but whatever it is,
in British newspapers. If this was said about you, would
you even If this was said about you, would
an interview with a website Ed Miliband
an interview with a website Ed much British news. You get a lot of
advice in the newspapers of what much British news. You get a lot of
should do. It's much more important to follow your own path. Instead,
should do. It's much more important his favourite reading material is
the American online news compendum Real Clear Politics. Is that a good
idea for a man who wants to be British Prime Minister? MrsThatcher
couldn't find much time for the papers. Newsnight asked the
Government's two leaders what they read and we can exclusively reveal:
Nick Clegg reads a range of newspapers and frequently watches
news output across a range of platforms. He reads a novel at the
end of the day before going to bed. Sir Harold Evans has edited the
Sunday Times and The Times. Elinor Good sman a freelance journalist and
former political editor of Channel 4 and Karl Cannon is the Washington
Bureau Chief of Real Clear Politics. Is Ed Miliband right to ignore
British newspapers? Well, I understand why he has revolted by
some of the attacks on him which - but I am surprised for a Labour man
wishing to take the bread out of the mouths of starving hacks. I mean, is
there no sympathy left for the working classes who carry a pen? On
a more serious point... Seriously. It's a grave deficiency, the curious
thing is I am an admirer of the web, my wife started The Daily Beast, you
have to know that some websites are not reliable. They may flatter
MrMiliband you with don't flatter the concept of integrity. The actual
buzzfeed website that got this interview, it's hard to tell on that
site what's news and what is advertising. You have to be careful
in dismissing newspapers. I have to say not always are newspapers
accurate. But it's understandable that Ed Miliband may not want to be
drawn in to, for example, adverse comment, even from perhaps
commentators that he admires. I can quite understand why he doesn't want
to read the papers every day and perhaps why aides don't want them to
see them in - he would be so depressed, look at Nick Clegg, I
mean, he says he does read the papers, God knows how he can manage
it. He would choke over his breakfast. We have recent surveys
which show that 73% of adults still read a daily newspaper each day,
isn't there a danger that Ed Miliband is out of touch with the
majority of the voters, voters he badly needs? An awful lot of
floating voters don't read the papers which is one of the problems
politicians have in communicating with them. Obviously this is a
danger that he may be bounced in some way out of a TV studio, what's
your about what One Direction were up to a cab or whatever. The serious
danger is that politicians do need the minuteae of the coverage every
day, as Tony Blair admit, become obsessed with tomorrow's headlines
and micoro-manage. The serious danger is at the moment for Clegg is
just being demoralised and for Miliband too. Imagine seeing
yourself eating a bacon buttie like that. You must be flattered that Ed
Miliband says you are the go-to website at Real Clear Politics but
it's extraordinary, I look at your website and there is a tiny amount
of British political news. It's all American news. Well, he spent a
couple of years in Boston as a kid and we - there is real clear sports
and energy, I wonder if he is going to the site to find out how the
Boston Red Sox did. In seriousness, if you want a good report op
American politics, we have our own coverage. It's a good place to get a
report. As a British politician, it's probably not enough for you.
Especially a man who is only a year to the next election. Do you think
that there is a change in the way - are newspapers more brutal, less
considered, is there more to concern politicians, is the debate more
base? I think New York's got a problem. We may have lost New York.
We are taking it as read as if Miliband doesn't really read the
papers. He himself admits that he is given a digest. After all, he was
speaking on this news station, I think politicians always want to
give the impression they don't read the newspapers. John Major did the
same. To suggest that you read the papers every day, every headline, it
implies a certain weakness, that you are about to be bossed around by
them. Seriously I don't think he completely ignores what's going On
Our Way On Our Way -- on, on the British agenda. What do you think Ed
Miliband is missing in terms of his political direction and development
by not reading the newspapers? Well, I think you never know, who know
what is a newspaper's going to turn up. I was thinking as you were
talking of various fantastic stories that emerged in the newspaper with
the depth to do them properly and photographs, etc. At the same time,
there is no doubt about it, newspapers in print are in serious
decline. But you have to never underrate what a newspaper may turn
up when you have really good reporters on the job and what
surprises me somewhat about Ed Miliband, although I totally
symphathise with his revulsion f you want to know what people are
thinking, even with about ten million newspaper readers, you need
to Joe what undercurrents are emerging through the newspapers --
you need to know. It would be inconceivable for earn American
President to say they didn't look at the Chicago Times or the was wassen
to -- Boston Globe, it would be inconceivable for them to admit
that? No, actually George W Bush gave an interview to a respected
journalist at ABC and then went to Fox news and said he didn't read
newspapers, I was kind of astonishing, liberal critics said
see, he is dumb and admits it. I had dinner with President Bush at the
White House, I was President of an association and I asked him, I said
what is this, you don't read newspapers? He said, well, I kind of
read newspapers but I don't read the columnists, the opinion columnists.
Then Laura Bush overheard us and piped up and she said, he does too
read the newspapers. I wish he would quit saying that. I said - I said,
MrsBush, the President does read newspapers? She said, he brings them
into bed every morning. I would take a grain of salt with it that Ed
Miliband never really reads newspapers. It would be
inconceivable an American President would cite a British website as his
main go-to for political information? It's a very good
website. An unusual for an American President to cite, or American
candidate for presidency to cite a British political website as his
go-to for information. The problem about saying that's your go-to
website t may seem cool in sort of northern intellectual circles around
Hampstead or wherever as such still exists but it's not exactly making
him one of the people. You can just look at Twitter and things today and
you can see and the aggrieved tone of some of the British newspapers
suggesting this reinforces the idea that Miliband is out of touch. Thank
you very much. We try not to pander to politicians on Newsnight but
tonight for Ed Miliband's delectation we have decided to
include the online digital content of the papers, The Huffington Post,
UK first. The Culture Secretary to review all aspects of the BBC,
including the licence fee. Buzzfeed, problems everyone in northern call
-- in Cornwall can understand. And Real Clear Politics.
Well, time was when spelling bees were all the rage, in America they
still are. Fr the first time since 1962 the final of the annual Scripps
National Spelling Behas been tied between two contestants. We thought
you might like an opportunity to play along at at home. Here is the
word that gave Ansun Sujoe his joint victory: Feuilleton. Good night and
good luck. Any pronounceations? Feuilleton.
Can you please repeat the word? Sure. Feuilleton. No more questions.
Get the letters out there. OK. Whatever.
LAUGHTER However you say it, just spell it.
Correct. APPLAUSE AND CHEERING
Co-champions for weekend looks mostly fine across the
vast majority of the UK, avoiding the rain. This is how Saturday
looks. Some cloud around and the odd shower down the spine of England and
Wales but most places are avoiding these. Northern Ireland looking OK.
Scotland having spells of sunshine. Any showers will be very isolated
indeed with temperatures inland responding to the sunshine nicely.
Some cooling sea breezes on the coast. The odd shower popping up
over the Pennines and the Midlands, but these will be fairly isolated.
Reasonable spells of sunshine across the south-east with temperatures a
degree or two higher than they have been. Over the western coast