11/07/2014 Newsnight


With Emily Maitlis. Gaza. Immigration rules and marriage. The man who lost his memory. Football and war. Same sex ballroom dancing.

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Putting a price on married life, today the court upheld a minimum


income requirement for a foreign spouse to enter this country. I


still can't believe this is happening in Britain. Tonight we


meet the families torn apart by the Home Office ruling. He missed her


learning to crawl, he missed her learning to walk, I couldn't believe


that here in England the rights of a British child were so, not even


neglected, but just ignored. This man can't remember his name and


doesn't know anything about his own life. What is amnesia, and how does


it work? We will meet the woman whose childhood memories were wiped


away. Is football the continuation of politics by other means.


Historian Dan Snow has a theory. It is not like we didn't see it coming.


The Italians have been hungry for retribution since Boudica destroyed


their ninth legion thousands of years ago. And this. Does it upset


you to see two men dancing together. Good evening, we go first tonight to


the developing situation in Gaza. The Israeli Prime Minister, Binyamin


Netanyahu has said no amount of international pressure will stop


Israel from acting with all its power against what he calls a terror


organisation in Gaza. A grim milestone was crossed today as the


Palestinian health ministry reported more than 100 dead since the bombing


began four days ago. Our diplomatic editor is with us


now. Given Netenyahu's response, what does that say for any US


mediation now? Well what we have heard tonight is that it hasn't


begun in any real sense. That means that Mr Netenyahu still has days in


which to try to destroy the Hamas and other armed groups


infrastructure as he would call it in Gaza. There are some issues too,


even when the Americans do become more seriously engaged


diplomatically. Firstly, there is the practical problem they classify


Hamas as a terrorist organisation, and they generally held to the line


that they don't conduct negotiations with them, some method would have to


be found to do that. Then there is the bigger question of what does


Hamas want in this? Earlier this evening I spoke to former US Middle


East negotiator, Robert Denine. It came into this conflict very weak


politically and economically, it seems to want to reassert itself


within Palestinian politics, within Gaza and within Palestine at large,


that is in the West Bank as well. And to a certain extent it has


achieved that aim, although the question of how does it sustain it


if it agrees to a ceasefire? Meanwhile, as we have said the death


toll in Gaza is rising? Yes, it topped 100 this morning. Now for


example people make comparisons with two previous periods of violence,


2009 and 2012, it is getting closer to the 2012 total. That went on for


2009 and 2012, it is getting closer Israelis have mounted their strikes


the easy pickings, if you like, the guys firing rockets off the beach,


the things that can be engaged without any real risk of civilian


casualties have gone. They start to hit inside the town, the


Palestinians of course try to protect some of their surviving


weaponry by moving it close to people and we see more and more


houses bombed in the last 24 hours. With all the risk of something like


a school or centre full of people being hit. The Palestinians of


course from their point of view, they want to be seen to be answering


back forcefully, not to be cowed, they have been firing rockets back


into Israel. So far the Israelis have not suffered a fatality in


this. We have had casualties today, a petrol station was hit by


Palestinian rockets, spectacular blaze and people wounded. They have


also had people wounded in Beersheba, the southern city


tonight. Another thing that may encourage the Israelis to continue,


and the other thing is are they considering going in on the ground


as well? Stragically or perception wise it


must be a point where it becomes counter-productive for the Israelis?


A ground attack as in 2009 would cause more than ten-times the


Palestinian casualties, well that one z than in this episode of


violence between the two sides. It ratchets things up massively.


Potentially, although Israelis talk about finishing off this problem. It


means reoccupying and readministering the Gaza strip, and


the Israelis don't want to do that. Even if they stop short of that, and


carry on with bombardment for the next few days, they run various


risk, they don't want to be seen to be afraid of those, but equally


there are risk, for example you get big regional players like Turkey,


they have been trying to improve relations. Turkey one of the few


countries that could be talking to Hamas as part of a solution, well


today the Prime Minister of Turkey said reproachment with Israel, some


he will Kate diplomacy going on in the last few years on hold. Here is


Mr Erdinc. Recep Tayyip Erdogan. TRANSLATION: We can't have a


positive attitude about the process while our brothers in Gaza are being


killed and bombed. Israel must establish the ceasefire and stop


shooting. So these are critical days ahead really. The next few days, I


think, will show whether there will be a ground operation, or whether


the US can engage diplomatically, possibly through Turkey or Qatar,


one of the countries that closely speaks to Hamas and get some sort of


ceasefire on the table. How much should you have to earn


before you are allowed to get married? The question may sound


absurd, it is absurd, but for the many Britons who marry somebody from


overseas or outside the EU it is entirely relevant. Today the Court


of Appeal backed up a Home Office ruling that set a minimum income


threshold of ?18,a 500. The Home Office says these marriages must not


be established in the UK at the tax-payers' expense. Those on the


wrong side of it ask why their need to share their life with their loved


ones comes at such a high price. Higher? Higher. I still can't


believe this is happening in Britain. I don't feel we deserved t


I don't feel that anyone deserves to have their family effectively


exiled. Your life whilst this appeal is going on is on hold. We're so


strong as a couple, and we will just keep fighting until the end. Two


years ago ministers tightened the rules, making it harder for a


British citizen to bring a husband or wife into the country from


outside the EU. Since then our courts have been locked in a tussle


between the right to protect our borders and the right to a family


life. Olivia is half British and half Ecuadorian, her mother, Lizzie,


was teaching English in South America when she met the local


doctor she would go on to marry. The new family wanted to start a new


life in Britain. I just felt really confident that he was going to get


the visa, I couldn't see any reason why he wouldn't, because we were


legally married with a British marriage certificate. This is the


entry clearance officer's refusal notice. This is when we learned that


we were being refused in March. How did you feel at that point?


Devastated, I just completely broke down. I was trying to, I remember my


husband saying and sending me the e-mail and reading it on-line while


he was watching me on Skype and I just read through it and I was like


that's OK look up and say it is all right, this is just a blip and will


be sorted out in a couple of week, don't worry we will be fine. And I


looked up and just... Tears. Just couldn't do anything. For a UK


citizen like Lizzie to bring her husband into the country, she now


has to earn ?18,600 a year, her husband's income isn't taken into


account. The Government says the new rule will drive down net migration,


cut the benefit bill and promote integration. But the level of income


needed is set above the full-time minimum wage. Just under half of


British people in employment would not be earning enough annually to


sponsor a family migrant under this policy. Among certain groups among


women it is a much higher proportion, 60 per cent plus. It is


higher outside London where a lower or minimum wage goes a longer way.


Arlene moved from the Philippines to Great Yarmouth to work in a care


home and study. She met Stephen and two years later they married, just


after the new law came in. When we take the vow as a married couple, it


says for richer for poorer, in sick he is, until death do us part. He


can't live without me as well. And it is killing us both. Stephen


hasn't been earning enough to keep Arlene in the country. She's now


fighting a deportation order. The Government set this target of


reducing overall net migration in this country, and it would argue


that this is one way of doing it? Surely if that is the case then we


would close our border to EU countries coming in. Around 30,000


couples applied for a partner visa every year. Half from Asia, with the


largest numbers from Pakistan and India. One in three is now rejected,


a number that has doubled as the new rules have come into force. It is


perfectly legitimate for a Government to try to pursue a very


popular policy of returning immigration to more moderate levels


and family reunion is the third largest in-flow into Britain. I


think the path the Government has thought -- in the past the


Government has thought there is abuse in the channel and the system


hasn't encouraged integration, particularly in the case of spouses


coming in from the Indian sub-continent, and has led to some


cases of welfare dependency. This is a letter I wrote to the Prime


Minister, from the perspective of Olivia, "please help, I can't have


computer Pahad, this makes us very sad. These are my shoes now, I'm


eight months older, our court date is one year and one month after we


applied for a visa". In South America Lizzie had been working in


bank earning a good local wage, but converted into pounds that wasn't


enough to meet the earnings target and bring her husband back to


Britain. He missed her learning to crawl. He missed her learning to


walk. I couldn't believe that here in England the rights of a British


child were so, not even neglected but just ignored. Completely. I was


child were so, not even neglected furious. I felt like I didn't even


child were so, not even neglected recognise this country any more. For


Stephen it is all about proving he has hit the income threshold. He


needs to show six months of earnings above that for an appeal to be


successful. You have to earn the money, just to keep going at the


moment, and with the cost of barristers and solicitors, you know,


earning I'm earning is going towards them. But she's worth it at the end


of the day. Last year the Home Office lost part of a test case, the


High Court ruled it set the income target at a level that was


disproportionate and unjustified. Today in the Court of Appeal that


ruling was reversed. Three judges said immigration policy should be


left up to the Home Secretary, not the courts. The Home Office decided


to put all applications on hold, spending the Court of Appeal's


judgment, obviously today the Government has won, so that's a blow


to those who are hoping that the High Court's judgment would be


upheld. But it is only a battle that the Government has won, there is a


wider war still going on and the individuals may take their case to


the Supreme Court if they get permission to do so. The Government


welcomed the ruling, saying migrants must be able to integrate and family


life should not be established here at the tax-payers' expense. We're


talking here about the right of an individual to marry who they choose,


which seems a pretty basic right, but it is also a pretty basic right


to live in a relatively stable country without very large levels of


immigration, you might say, and clearly a lot of voters do think


that. And simply the right to live in a relatively integrated society.


Earlier this year, a breakthrough for Lizzie and her family. After


working in a new job for six months the Home Office approved her


husband's visa. It is like a huge weight has been lifted off my


shoulders. I can sleep again, I can eat again. It is amazing, it is like


life should have been a year ago. Lizzie's husband, Alexander is


living in Devon and retraining as a British doctor. I can't recover the


year that I lost with my daughter and my wife, my family. There is no


money enough to pay me or my family because of this year. We lost a lot.


I didn't marry her just to let the UK take her away from me, no, I


married her for a reason, and she will be with me until the day I die.


For others there is still uncertainty. Today's ruling is


likely to be challenged in the Supreme Court. Until then thousands


of couples will be told to earn more to pay their way, or to make a life


outside this country. We asked the Home Secretary and the


Immigration Minister if they would come on the programme to talk about


today's ruling but they declined. His name is Robert, at least that's


what the doctors have called him. He was found in a park, he speaks with


a slight eastern European accent and seems good at sport. This much we


know, all the rest is a mystery, even to him. The man is a victim of


amnesia and can recall nothing about his own life. Doctors have warned


that he faces a long road to recovery and that the symptoms he


displays fit no conventional explanation. We will meet a woman


who lost the first 20 years of her life to amnesia in a moment. First


Robert's story. On the 18th of May the man in red


here was found in a mark in Pete borrowing, dazed -- Peterborough,


dazed and frustrated without identification to identify him. The


police concerned about his state of mind took him to hospital, where he


has been ever since. We know people who get amnesia of this kind, a


psychogenic F uge. It is associated with depression, and people get them


after major trauma. In Robert's case we don't know anything. Most amnesia


is transient, in this case it is transient, that is what makes the


case unusual. Robert can speak English, but with an accent,


although he can read Russian and Lithuanian, he can't speak either


language. He's hoping someone will see his picture and come forward to


identify him. The hospital set up a helpline for people, and say they


will carefully screen any call that comes in. Provan Susan Blackmore has


worked in studies on identity and other issues. Our other guest lost


20 years of memory and never regained them. It clearly wasn't


transient for you, you describe it as having lost your history, what


was that like? It was like having two parts of my life. It was in my


early 20s this happened. Due to a seizure under medication I was on.


So the whole 20 something years of my life just disappeared and didn't


come back. I have had to rebuild it. When you look at pictures of


yourself, or when you hear stories about yourself, does that trigger


anything for you? Occasionally, it is like having photographic


memories, the photographs don't bring back any emotions. Music can


do that. I can hear something on the radio and that can bring back


memories and emotions more than a photograph. What did you do then?


You had to ask your mother about yourself or what you liked or what


you, who your friends were, what happened? Well it was due to a


seizure, and a few seizures on the medication I was on. It was my


mother that brought me round a few times. And she had to tell me who


she was and who I was and what I was doing, quite calmly and slowly.


Extraordinary. When you hear Jo's story, can you be yourself without


memory? That very evocative idea of having two separate lives there?


Yeah. It is strange, isn't it? But as soon as we start to think about


who am I, what is the self any way, things are very strange. I would


think most people feel as though this is my body this is my arms and


leg, I'm somewhere in here controlling this, I'm the conscious


things who has free will and is aware. But if you actually look


inside a brain you just find loads of neurons, there is no middle in


the brain where I could be controlling things. Some how these


billions of neurons and trillions of connections make this thing here


feel like there is a self inside there is conscious. How does it do


that? Memory is very important to that, it is not everything. One of


the interesting things that we're hearing here is how, I believe her


mother told her that her personality was similar in her earlier life, is


that right? Jo, just explain that, did your mother say that you shared


the same sort of innate characteristics during the next 20


years as during the first 20? That's what she has told me, yes. I have to


believe her! What does that mean, is it your sense of humour or the way


you talk or is it the things that you like, what was the connection


between the old self and the new self? I think probably the way I


spoke didn't change. I didn't have to learn how to speak or write


again, the brain decides what you can remember and what you can't


remember in something like this. She has given two very good examples of


things that would survive the loss of, what we are really talking about


episodic memory, things that have happened to you. She can clearly


remember skills and writing and speaking, those skills are stored in


different parts of the brain from the episodic memory, the stories of


your life. Those things can stay the same. You would be recoginsable to


somebody else as being the same person, the same sense of humour and


the same way you wave your arms and lots of things about your habits


will be the same, even if you can't remember what happened yesterday.


Does it make you vulnerable? Yes, I think it probably does. In certain


circumstances if it is required of you to have some background and to


be able to say things about who you were in the past, you will feel


pretty, not like other people who can think they can remember a whole


lot of their past. But in other situations it won't at all, because


most of our life we don't have to think about our childhood F I


couldn't remember the first 20 years of my life, in most circumstances


that wouldn't matter. And Jo, let me ask you that question, do you feel


vulnerable without those first 20 years, do you explain that to a lot


of people or does it not actually impede what you do on daily basis? I


think there is two answers to this, the first is I think many people,


I'm in my early 40s now, many people have problems rembering their


childhood any way. But the two people in my life that have really


helped have been my best friend Nicky and my mother. I think my


mother's helped me more with the childhood memories, and my best


friend, with some of the teenage memories, which sometimes I don't


want to remember! Have doctors told you there is any chance of that


coming back now, or do they presume that after 20 years that is just


gone? It is in there somewhere, I think the brain has it in there


somewhere, it is just I can't recall it. Are there triggers or is music a


trigger occasionally? Yes it can be, that can be a trigger for an


emotional memory, rather than just a photoic MEP -- photographic memory.


Music is very important to me. This started with us talking about


Robert, a very young man, who knows nothing about himself now, there is


a vulnerability to what people tell you about yourself or project on to


you at this point, even calling him Robert? One of the things that


memory can help you with is to disagree, no that is not right, that


is not me. It can take away a lot of confidence if you don't have that


background, so he must be feeling quite scared, I imagine.


When you talk about Luis Suarez's reputation it can be taken either


way. A brilliant striker and bizarre appetite for other players. It


hasn't stopped his rise, his move to Barcelona was confirmed today with a


price tag of ?75 million. The football world, it seems, is already


moving on, even before the Cup Final. Sunday will bring together


Brazil-killers Germany, and Brazil's great couldn't NENLT them rival,


Argentina. It also marks some of the most incredible football a


tournament has ever seen. Upset and destruction and uncomfortable truths


about England. To some it is enough it is about football, to another


like Dan Snow it is about power and politics and the settling of great


nationaic scores. When it came to history this World


Cup had it all, mighty Brazil knocked out with the greatest margin


ever. Costa Rico defying the odds and qualifying. Spain crushed at the


first hurdle. InDom mitable Germany. World class football. But for poor


old England, history wasn't on their sidede.


England's World Cup campaign has been a failure of historic


proportions. I can't think of a worse performance since the Dutch


Navy sailed into the river Medway in June 1667 and burned the entire


English Royal Navy at anchor. It is worse than that, it is the most


disastrous English foreign exhibition since that fool he ward


II marched his army north and lost the Battle of Bannockburn, idiot! It


is not like we didn't see it coming, Italians have been hungry for


retribution since Boudica destroyed their 9th legion. As for Uraguy,


more caution, haven't we forgotten the ship hitting the unchartered


reef in 1809. I'm available for selection. Bill


shankly, the great player and manager had it right, football isn't


about life or death, it is far more important than that. The games we


have seen being played in the World Cup are not just about which team


lives or dies, they are about how they impact that greatest game of


all, power politics. The World Cup is the perfect environment to


revisit rivalries and settle old scores. That is not to say the


violence doesn't sometimes bubble over, in 1969 a game between Honture


are yous and El Salvador, rather than relieving the tension between


the two countries, it ignited a full scale war. It was called the Soccer


War, luckily it didn't last long. Speaking of rivalries, who can


forget the dramatic day when the Dutch brought Spain's period of


global domination to a close. I'm talking about the battle of the


downs fought in 1569 off the coast of Kent. . They managed to repeat it


last Friday 13th. What about Brazil, also highly fancied before the


tournament yet collapsed under pressure. Will their much-touted


economy, an engine room of the developing world prove just as


fragile? One down, half time, you missed a couple of easy analogies


out there, but you can pull it back in the second half. We probably


should talk about Germany, in 1954 the west Germans managed to reach


the World Cup final. They met their ancestoral enemy, the Hungarians. It


was the first time the German National Anthem had been played


since the Second World War, they managed to win the match, and amid


national celebration the German post-war economic miracle was born,


an episode that happened on the football pitch that has broken


English hearts since then. Except for that glorious summer's day in


1966. An opening in the defence and the hat trick! History fizzes


through the Argentina-England rivalry, how do Co It not after --


how could it not after the receipt coats invaded in the 1880s, more


recently with the Falklands War. And Maradona's hand of God goal, who


says it is his favourite goal, like stealing the England team's wallet.


David Beckham saw red during a game between Argentina, briefly becoming


a national pariah, times change. In fact, it looks like our two greatest


adversaries have worked out they might as well cut out the middle man


and play each other, take heart England fans, if a nation can be


judged by its enemies, these two finalists suggest England must be


great afterall. I'm really clutching at straws now. So as the world


powers rise and fall what will the great future rivalries be, Iran


versus USA, or Russia seems to be back as everyone's favourite


adversary. But one day China might match its economic power with


prowess on the football pitch. Now China v Japan, that would be a match


with history. There is one lesson from history is that the English


need a little help. Where was the best player in Britain? Welshman


Gareth Bale during the World Cup, on the Penarth pier that's where. And


Sir Alex Fergsuon could have been involved. If we want to make World


Cup history for the right reasons in future, it will have to be Team GB


that does it. That is all for this week, but on


the day the British dance council stands accused of trying to ban


same-sex pairs from competitive ballroom dancing, we leave you with


the award winners dancing the Speak Up Mambo.


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