Emily Maitlis presents a special programme from Paris with analysis of the terrorist attacks.
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Tonight, Newsnight is live in Paris, as we piece together what happened
in the worst terror attrocity in France's modern history.
We hear from survivors and the injured of the Bataclan
And this evening, the first details are emerging of the attackers -
As global leaders meet to discuss their strategy,
A city reeling from the events of just 24 hours ago.
The curfew has now been lifted, but it doesn't feel as if it has.
and there's a sense even from the authorities of unfinished business -
It was a night of unfolding horror here. Simultaneous shootings and
explosions rang out across Paris. Three blasts took place near the
Stade de France during a France-Germany football match,
attended by 80,000, including the French President Hollande. One
person was killed and three suicide bombers. Five minutes later 12 are
killed on the terrace of the restaurant Le Petit Cambodge.
Another five minutes another shooting. This time La Casa Nostra.
In the 11th district, 19 people killed in gunfire, which witnesses
say lasted two to three minutes. An explosion and then at the Bataclan
Concert Hall, where a heavy metal band were performing, several armed
men fired on the audience and took hostages.
In all, these attacks have left at least 129
dead and the confirmation that at least one Briton was amongst them.
Our first report tonight comes from Gabriel Gatehouse,
who's been speaking to survivors of this unimaginable attack.
They came in silence this evening. Less than 24 hours ago, outside this
cafe, five people lost their lives, gunned down as they enjoyed a Friday
night out. It was the start of what would become the deadliest attack in
peacetime France. The sound of an explosion, as
peacetime France. The sound of an their country play Germany. It was
the first of several blasts, the work of suicide bombers outside the
stadium. A man filmed as he runs from the
scene. President Francois Hollande amongst the spectators was whisked
to safety. Then the crowd streamed onto the pitch in panic and
confusion. At around the same time, in central Paris, gunmen began
opening fire on diners in cafes and restaurants clustered around a busy
night spot. The deadliest attack of the night happened soon after, at
the nearby Bataclan theatre. This disturbing footage shows concert
goers fleeing out of a back exit, while four gunmen are shooting
people inside. In their terror, some climbs out of windows, clinging
desperately to the side of the building. Bodies lie in the street
below. "What's going on? The man with the camera shouts? No-one
answers, too busy dragging away the wounded. Outside, heavily armed
police now had a hostage situation on their hands. Within the hour
security forces stormed the theatre, three of the attackers detonated
suicide vests, a fourth was shot dead by police. Some of the hostages
were led out to safety, but for more than 80, the rescue effort had come
too late. President Hollande called the attacks an act of war.
TRANSLATION: We are going to fight. Our fight will be merciless. These
terrorists that are capable of such atrocities, they need to know they
will be confronted by a France that is determined, united and acting as
one. Outside the Bataclan theatre today, they continue to bring out
the bodies well into the afternoon. Next to the police cordon, there was
evidence of the desperate effort of medics to save lives. People are
coming, individuals here to lay flowers outside the street
coming, individuals here to lay leads to the theatre. On the
pavement, you can still see fresh blood. The police are telling me
that there are still bodies inside there. They're still bringing them
out. The emotions here are still incred play raw. -- incredibly raw.
Police are trying to establish the identities of yesterday's attackers.
There have been arrests in Belgium. British official sources have told
the BBC they believe a Syrian cell was behind the attack. People here
are stilling reeling from the Charlie Hebdo shootings which
happened just around the corner in January.
Meanwhile, Parisians are going from hospital to hospital, looking for
missing relatives. Nicolau and his girlfriend went to the concert
together. She was shot in the abdomen. She's safe and recovering.
He's haunted by what he saw. The word Bataclan theatre will be
written into one of the darkest chatters of modern French history.
The building stands on the boulevard Voltaire, fitting after the writing
whose work enshrines the French ideals. It was those values which
came under attack last night. That set out a bit of what we have been
seeing here today. Pierre Haski is founder
of the website Rue 89 and former deputy editor of Liberation,
and Igor Mlad-Enovitch was caught up If I can come to you, you basically
found yourself between two of the shootings, just tell us what
happened. I was having dinner nearby in a restaurant. As I came out, I
saw people fleeing. It soon appeared that there had been a mass shooting
in the Bataclan. I tried to go one way. A man told me that two people
were lying on the ground at the end of the street. I went the other
direction and police had blocked the street. So I was basically trapped
for a moment, before breaking away. What was your first impression? A
lot of people have described hearing shots they thought were fireworks.
You don't expect something on a Friday night in Paris in a
restraunt, right? No, that was very unexpected and scary. This is a very
lively neighbourhood, plenty of youths. We never expected something
like this to happen like this. There was initially panic. When we learned
what happened, we couldn't believe it. We were caught in the middle of
it. Initially there was a moment of panic. Then we just tried to reason
our way through. What was your inclination? Did you try and stay
and help? Or did you want to get as far away as you could? There's no
right answer here, I'm just interested to hear your thoughts?
Ideally I would have stayed and helped, but when you're out on a
Friday night and four different locations where people are shooting,
you can't do much, which is very frustrating. It frustrates me right
now. I just obviously thought of myself at first. I didn't know where
to go. There were shootings everywhere. Now I'm feeling
frustrated for the innocent people who lost their lives. Thanks for
your thoughts. I describe this as a city still reeling. There is a
your thoughts. I describe this as a of shock and also, I don't know if
you feel this, one person described to me as almost a sense of
unfinished business. First of all we still don't know whether there are
any guys around who have escaped. We don't know yet who the attackers
were. We have the beginning of information from the authorities on
who they are. We still don't have the full list of victims. So people
are still coming to reckon with the events themselves. I think it's too
early. There's emotion. There's grief. There's lack of information
because things are coming. We just learned this evening, for example,
that one of our colleagues, works for a culture magazine, died. He was
covering the concert. He died during the concert. We only heard about it
in the evening. People are still getting those bits of information.
What is getting those bits of information.
having on this city? I think getting those bits of information.
are, for the moment, in the time of emotion. Then will come the
questions - what happened? Could it have been avoided? Are there any
political responsibility, obviously this will be asked? And what is
going to change in our lives? Because if you go out and have
dinner, as you were describing, or go to a concert and you end up dead,
what does that go to a concert and you end up dead,
a city like Paris? I think people still have to reckon with the
consequences of what happened. Do you feel that Parisians tonight are
asking why us, why me, why here? Certainly so, yeah. Because France
has never really been at the forefront of foreign policy efforts
in the Middle East. There's never really been particularly insistent
against the Islamic State. So really been particularly insistent
think it was just an easy target. It was a coward act targeting easy,
innocent people in public places. Of course they're wondering why them.
The second time in one year. After the Charlie Hebdo attacks, we saw
many demonstrations, vigils, groups gathering. It's been noticeable that
people feel less able, less inclined to gather in a big crowd tonight.
people feel less able, less inclined And the state of emergency makes it
impossible. No-one can go to the Place de La Republique. That is
where everything happened after Charlie Hebdo. It's small because
the police are calling on people not to gather or have groups.
the police are calling on people not don't know if it's still dangerous
and the second thing is that I think people are wondering
and the second thing is that I think national unity will be surviving
these repeated attacks on our soil. Very interesting to speak to you
both. Thank you for joining us tonight.
As you heard, as well as those killed and injured,
and friends, as they desperately search for clues and contact.
It's emerging tonight that one of the perpetrators was a 29-year-old
French national - arrested eight times but never imprisoned.
Paris prosecutors say three separate terrorist teams were involved.
A Syrian and an Egyptian passport, belonging to suicide bombers,
were found, and one in the group is believed to be a woman.
Armed police patrol the quiet centre of Paris. The attacks in which 129
people lost their lives have been claimed by the so-called Islamic
State. It appears there were just seven terrorists, but what do we
know about them? One man, aged 29, was born in Paris and has previously
been involved in petty criminality. Intelligence services reported he
was radicalised. He wasn't known to be part of a terrorist network.
Another was born in 1990. He wasn't known previously to police and had a
Syrian passport. A greeck minister said the holder of this passport
entered the EU through Greece in October. Belgian media report that
three of the terrorists are from Brussels. Prosecutors in France
didn't confirm this, but a black car used in the attack was rented in
Belgium. Premises are being searched there tonight and three men have
been arrested. Around is 1,500 French citizens are fighting in
Syria, more than any other Western country. A similar number are being
monitored in France by the Security Services for alleged extremist
links. France has one of Europe's largest Muslim populations. Despite
previous tensions over issues like the banning of the veil, today
Muslims reacted with horror to the attacks.
TRANSLATION: Don't speak about Islam. It's got nothing to do with
this. We are against what happened. This is not Islam. I think we can do
the difference between a Muslim and a terrorist.
TRANSLATION: This has been claimed by ISIS. We need to wait for the
results of the investigation to find out what is really the root of this.
Paris is in mourning. Its citizens, Muslim and non-Muslim, are waiting
to find out - did the attackers form their plans here in France? Or was
it conceived abroad in ISIS strong holds? People have been coming here
to lay flowers all day, the scene of one of the first shootings. Gunmen
attacked this bar before crossing the road and opening fire on this
Cambodian restaurant, killing at least 12 people. This terrorist
tactics of moo raweding gunmen moving through a city has been a
fear of European cities since Mumbai attacks. As with previous attacks,
it appears the killers were on the radar of security agencies. They
know they are dangerous. The problem is the degree of danger. In
democracies we cannot put people in jail just because you suspect them
of being dangerous. So the laws will be more repressive in the future,
not only in France, but all over Europe. One possible opportunity to
stop the attackers could have come last week, when a man en route to
Paris was arrested in possession of weapons and explosives in Bavaria.
It's not clear he was linked to thees attackers. Police tonight are
racing to find any more accomplices. What you heard there raises many
questions. To discuss the security implications
of this is the counter-terrorism Thank you for joining us. Talk to us
first about this idea of the one French national. A young man, 29
years old, who is clearly part of a homegrown terror trat strategy, if
we can call that? We know there is homegrown terrorism in France. We
know there is homegrown terrorism in England am homegrown terrorism in
Germany. The big question is - why can't we reach these people any
more? Why don't they feel they can benefit from these countries and
achieve another meaning in life than blowing themself up with the hidden
message of paradise. We should take the global connotations of this
ideology in account. We don't have a global strategy. We don't even have
a European strategy. Each country does things slightly differently. Do
you think it's worth France asking herself about certain policies or
certain implications, for example, the importance of the Republic, not
having the sort of religion as your first port of call? Or is it crazy
to assume these things make any difference? There are local factors
which play into radicalisation processes. Obviously, the idea to
say France is a secular Republic is a good idea. It means Islam won't be
excluded. If we come back to something, each attack, attacks 20
years ago, 9/11 September, 15 years ago, we focus on a similar attack,
attack jihadism as a problem which might go away. The ideology is there
for at least 30 years. It was created partly with our help, in the
war against the Soviets in Afghanistan. We don't deal with the
ideology in a co-ordinated manner. What about this idea - The roots of
radicalisation. France or Paris tonight is missing a sense at the
moment of national unity that our guest said he worried that would be
eroded by attack after attack. Do you agree with that? Yeah. I'm
afraid that with is one of my biggest fears. National unity which
was displayed after the attacks in January against Charlie Hebdo summed
up by the slogan, "we are all Charlie" it's going away. Some
people felt they were not Charlie. Not interested in terrorism. Would
not support terrorism felt left out they didn't feel a part of France
which is Charlie which would say, fine to do drawings of the Prophet
Muhammad. The huge risk at this stage is national unity will be
eroded. That is what the so-called Islamic State knows well. One of the
major purposes of this attack was using a faultline, a division in
French society to aggravate polarisation. That's the best friend
of radicalisation. The big task will be to avoid polarisation of French
society by aggressive security measures. Thank you very much
indeed. Richard Watson has been gathering
intelligence on the scale You heard what our guest about
saying not overreacting. What are the implications now for the UK? I
think the implications are quite profound actually. It's a very stark
reminder of the threat we face in the UK. The terror threat level
remains the same. The police and MI5 will be on high alert in any case.
The French situation, my sources are telling me that ten people per week,
for the last five months, have travelled out to Syria and many will
have come back. If we look at the numbers here in the UK, it's quite
instructive. These numbers are right up-to-date. They are from
counter-terrorism sources today. 60 people are assessed to have
travelled out to Syria. Some 60 people are assessed to have died
fighting in Syria. 350 people are back in the UK already. We already
have a derallying radicalisation in this programme called Channel. I
think it's almost impossible for Khan tow cope with that level of -
that number of people. I think that the real question here is - how do
you prioritise your targets? There are some... There are 2,000 people,
persons of interest, in the UK to MI5, the security service. The
question is - how... The question really is how do you keep tabs on
2,000 people? Priority, prioritisation is absolutely
essential. I talked to someone today about communications technology.
That is also very interesting. If you - I've spoken to someone who has
infiltrated the cyber caliphate. They have been communicating with
secure apps. I have some of these here. He said - one of the Isis
supporters, alleged Isis supporters - "don't act until you are ready.
Wait for the word and you'll go. " He also told me that in the UK right
now there is police action. It's very hot. Bide your time. Wait until
it's safe. This question is very, very serious. If terrorists are
going to use secure communications there is a real threat to the UK.
Mark Urban, thanks. The organized scale
of this horror has left leaders across the world wondering what
comes next and trying to work out What happened here last night will
clearly re-energise debate about our The first blow was a bomb detonating
outside the Stade de France as President Hollande watched the
France Germany international. It was fold by two more blasts. Even if
nothing else had happened, an attack by suicide bombers so close to the
French President would have signalled a major event. It couldn't
have underlined much more clearly Islamic State's intention to shift
its violence towards the far enany, so-called, and in particular leading
countries in the coalition against it. Two bodies were discovered. One
of them appearing to be that of a suicide bomber with an explosive
belt, batteries, detonator and a number of metal objects to make the
explosion more dangerous. The attackers wore suicide vests. The
Charlie Hebdo people didn't. It's similar to the attack in Beirut on
Thursday evening that killed similar to the attack in Beirut on
than 40 people and has also been associated with Islamic State. The
use of suicide vests on western streets suggests a major new
challenge for security agencies and it also suggests a bomb maker was an
essential part of this operation. This isn't the first time assault
weapons have been used on French streets. Several were seized after
the Charlie Hebdo attacks. No-one nine days ago a Balkan man, bound
for Paris, was arrested in Bavaria. His car boot was full of automatic
weapons and explosives, underlining how relatively easy it is to bring
such hardware through Europe. These weapons, especially the weapons like
cla in as can could haves are circumstance lating, the central
origin being the Balkans. We face this problem, not only terrorist
situationings, but also very much in classic conflicts. It's a big
challenge for us and I think France has been more accessible that other
European countries. GUN SHOTS. People ask - could it happen here?
If not in London, maybe Rome or Berlin. In the UK, there have been
several major antiterrorist drills, practicing for the so-called Mumbai
scenario. Those involved acknowledge a grim truth though, no preparations
are perfect and that many can die in the minutes before an armed response
arrives. Mark Urban with that report. Mark, you raised that
question yourself really - do the events here make the authorities
think it's more likely to happen at home? Well, the threat level is
high, of course. There is a battery of things they can do to mitigate
that. Let's not forget, some of those standard types of practice
worked last night. The suicide bomber at the Stade de France was
discovered trying to enter and blew himself before he got in. The border
controls netted suspects. Intelligence is critical.
Intelligence failed on the weapons issue in France. In the UK, counter
terrorist people say they are confident they have a handle of this
question of illegal weapons entering this country. They only have to have
one significant slipup on that and the same pre-conditions for that
type of attack could be created in the UK. Mark, thank you very much,
indeed. Richard Barratt is the former
director of global We have him on the line now from New
York. Richard, thank you for joining us, if you can hear us? Yes, I can.
What do you think this changes in terms of our strategy or Government
strategy now towards Isis or towards terrorism? Yes. Well, I think the
security services will carry on doing tomorrow and todayle of course
what they've been doing for many months and many years up until now.
That is, having a look at all those 2,000 people that were mentioned
Earl earlier as being people of concern. To see which ones should be
of most concern. Clearly, you can't deal with those fantastic numbers. I
think the attacks in Paris also perhaps provide some useful
analysis, looking at those individuals, what their conjectory
was to arrive on the streets of Paris with delivering such murder
and mayhem. Who they met, how they met them and how that network formed
and so on. . They are associated with the Islamic State has been said
by President Hollande or whether there are more self-immobilising
cell. Whether they are return es and so on. All these things will help
the security services to decide - we should devote more resources to this
person and less to that. It's a difficult judgment to make, of
course. When you hear, for example, that unwith of these men was known
to police. He was known as a radical arrested eight times, never
imprisoned. Does that sound like the system has gone wrong? I don't think
so. An awful lot of people are known to the police for petty crime. A lot
of those people are fairly radicalised. You can think back to
the Lee Rigby murder, for example, both those people were known to the
police for petty crime and rallying radicalisation. They are not unique
by any means. It's really difficult to say - OK, in this case we will
really focus on these people. Though of course it could be an indicator
that something may be going on. I think there are two issues here.
First... Carry on. I was going to say. People will be looking for
reassurance at home saying - oh, we do things slightly differently in
London. It's a different approach. A difficult strategy. Presumably you
can't give anyone that reassurance can you? No. I don't think anyone
pretends that reassurance is real. I think the level in threat in London
is probably at "severe" just below the top level. That speaks for
itself. In Paris of course there have been more threats. There are
more threats to France than to the United Kingdom. That by no means
there are no threats to the United Kingdom. We have about 1,500 - Thank
you very much indeed. Thank you. No one expected to see attacks
on the same city twice in one year. We were here in January
after the Charlie Hebdo attacks. What's striking is how we
tried to make sense of them. Was it about press freedom,
was it about satire, The answer, in the light of what's
happened here now, is clearly, no. This is a war on all our culture
and our countries. And, it almost certainly,
won't end here in France. He's in an exotic land. In the far
reaches of northern Europe.