How has Brazil managed the Olympics? Newsnight speaks to former Brazilian president Lula. Plus atrocities in South Sudan, a Trump campaign shake-up and an Olympic round-up.
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The Games are nearly over, so how did Rio do?
For two weeks, Brazil has been the centre of the world.
We sat down with the country's former president, Lula da Silva.
Aid workers were targeted in South Sudan last month.
Their harrowing stories can tonight be told for the first time.
This sort of acted like a trigger for the soldier
Two shots were fired and he immediately fell to the ground.
Donald Trump's campaign manager is out.
Can Trump pull his Presidential bid back from the brink of defeat?
And Steve Smith takes to his Olympic sofa for the last time.
Wouldn't it be great to have a synchronised swimmer
He'll drag you underwater and do all kinds of
If they awarded medals for Olympic Games organisation,
would Rio get gold, silver, bronze or no place at all on the podium?
The grimmest predictions of chaos, even carnage, haven't come
true, but Brazil remains a country in crisis.
Already beset by economic turmoil and political scandal,
when the bunting's down and Usain Bolt and co have bolted,
it may be left in an even sorrier state than before.
In a moment an exclusive Newsnight interview with Lula da Silva,
Brazil's former President - the man who brought the Olympics
to the country himself now facing corruption allegations.
But first, a look at the Brazil lurking behind
It has the fifth largest population in the world.
For 12 years it was one of the fastest-growing
The "B" of those BRIC countries that Goldman Sachs said would be
at the vanguard of a global economic shift, and despite warnings
that they wouldn't be ready for the Olympics,
Albeit with a couple of garish green swimming pools.
But behind the glamour of the Games, Brazil is fighting a financial
crisis, the Zika epidemic and waves of popular protests.
A high-level investigation - Operation Car Wash -
is delving into allegations of money laundering and corruption
in the state-controlled oil company, Petrobras.
The country now has a budget deficit standing at 10%
of its GDP and 11 million people are unemployed.
35% of the population live in poverty and the country records
nearly 60,000 violent deaths every year.
The president, Dilma Rousseff, is currently suspended,
accused of obstructing justice and facing impeachment
for alleged financial mismanagement of the economy.
Her mentor, former president Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva ruled over
He started work as a shoeshine boy and street vendor, rising to power
A left-wing populist praised by President Obama,
he oversaw the bid to bring the Olympic Games to Rio and won
the sort of approval ratings most international leaders can
But now he, too, is charged with misconduct in the Operation
He is being formally charged with trying to obstruct justice
in the corruption scandal at the state oil company Petrobras.
So, will his country's decline prove a precursor
to his own or could there be a second post-Olympic act
for the Brazilian economic miracle and a reputational resurrection
BBC Brazil's Julia Carneiro spoke exclusively for Newsnight to former
You've been formally charged for trying to obstruct
justice in the corruption scandal at state oil
company Petrobras, and now
you have appealed to the United Nations, to the Human Rights
Why did you decide to go to the United Nations?
You have been talking about a witchhunt from the
media, from prosecutors, but on the other hand, you're also
Is it not fair that these investigations be carried out?
With the way things are going, do you fear being arrested?
What was the legacy that you had envisioned
from the Olympics, and how do you think things will be now,
Many of Brazil's problems were exposed
during the Olympic Games, like the lack
were robbed - how do you think that this
affected the image of the
What made you proud and what embarrassed you?
With the situation that we're seeing right
now in the country, do you worry for Brazil in the next year?
Thank you very much, President Lula.
Already facing allegations of being a candidate without a campaign,
Donald Trump today lost the man ostensibly in charge
Paul Manafort, who became campaign chairman just two months
ago after the previous incumbent was fired,
resigned after the publication of revelations detailing his ties
to pro-Russian interests and the former Ukrainian President,
Shortly before coming on air, I spoke to our correspondent,
Tom Burridge, who is in the Ukrainian capital,
I asked him first whether, in the absence of a concrete reason
for Manafort's resignation, it was likely that those
Ukrainian connections had played a significant part.
Yes, I think the primary reason is probably to do
The Trump campaign nosediving for a shake-up and Paul Manafort goes.
But the Ukrainian end of the thing hasn't been going away either.
Essentially, Paul Manafort's name appears in these documents
It is alleged to be a kind of black book, if you like,
Paul Manafort's name appears 22 times on 19 pages.
If you take the figures corresponding to the 22 entries
with Paul Manafort's name, add up those figures
of the 22 entries and you get a figure of $12.7 million.
Now, there is no suggestion or evidence that Paul Manafort has
received any of the money listed in these documents and in
a statement earlier in the week he said that the idea
that he received any cash payments is unfounded,
But the anti-corruption bureau here in Ukraine and the MP
who received these documents and has investigated is certain
that they are kosher, that the documents are genuine.
And all this, of course, unfolding against the backdrop
of Mr Trump's relatively warm rhetoric towards Vladimir Putin?
Yes, firstly some comments that riled people here in Ukraine
when Donald Trump in an interview on a US network said that
from the people he had spoken to, most people he thought in Crimea
were happy that Russia had annexed the peninsula and also,
as you say, he said on many occasions that
President Putin is someone he could do business with.
On the other hand, his campaign manager until today,
Paul Manafort, was a man who came here to Ukraine for nigh on a decade
doing political consultancy work and PR work for the former
president, Viktor Yanukovich, the man, of course, who fled this
country in 2014 after turning his back on the association agreement
with the European Union in favour of a deal with Russia.
And then he was, of course, forced from power.
On the one hand you could say that Paul Manafort was doing political
consultancy work for a foreign government and he
On the other hand you could say he was working for a regime
and a leader that was corrupt to the core and he helped keep
And joining us now from New York is Jason Meister, a Trump supporter
To lose one campaign chief might be considered misfortune, to lose two
of them is beginning to look like crass incompetence. How can he run
our country? That is a good media spin but that is not what is really
happening, we have come of the best week so far since the Cleveland
Convention, our opinion poll numbers are narrowing and that is of the
back of registered voters as opposed to likely voters and what the media
has missed in this election is the enthusiasm behind Trump supporters
and voters, the turnout has been historic, the only candidate in
history that has as many votes in the primary... I want to be clear
that I have not missed anything, you had a 2% lead for Clinton in the LA
Times, another had 5%, YouGov has 6%, NBC has 9%, I am possibly
missing something. He get rid of Manafort because things are going so
well? Things are going well. He got rid of the campaign chief because
things are going well? Things are going well and at certain times
during the campaign it calls for certain skills and Bannon is an
incredible guy for the home stretch and what everyone is missing is what
the American people are faced with. This campaign is not about what
someone says in the rally, this is about the issues facing America. The
economy, national security, and immigration. These are the three
issues that voters will be voting on when it comes to election day. And
what is Hillary Clinton? The poster child of what is wrong with
Washington, DC. And this election is about the outsider. This is about
Donald Trump's campaign and I am sorry to Labour this, can you
explain by you get rid of the campaign chief when things are
going, under your analysis, which is perhaps a little bit subjective,
going so well? Any other example where you would get rid of the man
in charge when things go brilliantly? Like I said, during the
campaign certain skills have an impact on the campaign, I think the
home stretch, we have the right people in place and Donald Trump, he
has stayed on message. He is talking about the economy and national
security. And we're going to start to see, and what you start to see is
what is Hillary Clinton? They are... There is criminal tools to this.
Bribery. What is Bannon has to do before Mr Trump gets rid of him? How
good do you have to be? I think if we stay on message and we let, we
peel the onion on the corruption and criminality and the pay for play,
Americans do not want corruption in Washington and we're going to have
to get rid of that and change it and that is what Trump represents. OK.
Some of the other elements of Mr Trump is my campaign have attracted
attention and I would like your personal reaction. I think you have
a daughter, when she's old enough to have a job, if she is sexually
harassed, would you be comfortable with the advice that she should find
another job? That is what Mr Trump suggest. I think you need to look at
the economy. We want to look at statements he is making in the
campaign and what you think about them. How do you feel about his
suggestion that victims of sexual harassment should just find new
jobs? That is not what this election is about. It is about the issues,
and we need to stay focused on the issues and stay on message. And the
message tonight is, things are going so well, we've sacked our campaign
chief. Thank you very much indeed for your time.
For almost three years, South Sudan, the world's youngest country,
has been involved in a bloody and complex multi ethnic civil war
between rival factions loyal to President Salva Kiir,
from the Dinka ethnic group, and Riek Machar, who is ethnic Nuer.
Right now, a tentative ceasefire is in place but in June fighting
On July 11th, the compound at Hotel Terrain, which housed teams
of international staff from a several organisations -
many who were aid workers - was overrun by South Sudanese troops
fresh from winning a battle with opposition forces.
Their rampage saw one Nuer journalist murdered,
women raped and gang raped, dozens of staff assaulted
A United Nations base was just up the road,
less than a mile away, and the UN is now being
accused of not responding properly to the attack.
This is the story of that day, told to Newsnight by five
of the people who were there - two Americans, a Philippine aid
worker called Gian Libot, and two other Westerners.
To protect their identities, we have asked actors
I must warn you this film contains deeply distressing
Monday morning was stressful but it wasn't out of the ordinary anymore.
So we were actually feeling pretty good until someone said there had
I don't remember who, but they said that the soldiers had
breached the front gate and coming into the compound.
So I sent my first message to the UN to say that our gate had been
breached and that was one of many messages that I sent
We heard people breaking into the compound.
They were shooting and stealing things.
About an hour later they figured out where we were and they methodically
So I was hiding underneath the bed at the first sign of
And the first thing they did was shout.
"Where is the money, where is the laptop,
They kept asking people, what is your nationality,
John was one of our local colleagues and he sought refuge with us
because he thought he would be safer with his international colleagues.
When the soldiers first entered the building they saw John run
from one of the apartment rooms and they grabbed him.
They threw him to the ground and they started beating
And while this was happening a few of the soldiers came
One of the distinct words that came out was a word, "Nuer",
and this sort of acted like a trigger for the soldier
Two shots were fired and he immediately
It was clear the situation had really escalated.
Successive waves of soldiers came into the room and they separated
I was trapped in a room and repeatedly raped.
Sometimes by one person, sometimes with many people in the room.
Until I was taken out of that room and I was put in another room and it
I went to hide inside the bathroom with another 11 people.
Everyone was trying to write messages on Facebook,
One of the soldiers looked me right in the eye.
And he started aggressively patting me down.
He put a gun to my head and he said, "if you don't have sex with me then
every soldier in the room will have sex with you and then
So he made it very clear that there really wasn't another option.
And he was telling me to "open your legs, open your legs".
So then he pulled my pants off completely and took
Some of the soldiers were aggressive and they kept shouting
And they tried to get the others involved,
Some of the soldiers wanted to sit down and make small talk,
like we were on on some sort of date.
One of them, it wasn't one of the ones who raped me,
And I said, your soldiers raped me and I'm upset
Because this is the work of God and not the work of man.
It was about 7pm, 7.30pm later that day and we were extracted
We actually got taken to the National Security building
and there were again many men in uniforms standing around.
They were all pretending they didn't know what had happened to us.
And at that point, one of my colleagues was saying,
I don't think you understand what we have just been through.
And this man said, I'm sorry for the inconvenience
I went out and tried to see if there was anybody,
These soldiers saw me and ordered me to go to this apartment.
And with his gun he touched me everywhere.
He ordered me to take my pants off and I saw my friend being raped.
And he ordered me to go there and I had to wait
Then they went away and there was this long and terrible
Generally, the compound has security lighting.
And it was actually just pitch black.
There was rubble everywhere because they had upended everything
I kept creeping out of my hiding place every so often to listen
I wanted to get out of there and find a time when I could run
We could see John's body was still on the ground.
And we covered it with a sheet out of respect.
The first moment that I understood that morning has arrived,
Once I heard the birds I said to my friend,
the birds are singing, morning has arrived.
We survive, we were whisked out of the country and given
We are taken back to our homes that are in relatively stable parts
of the world and we are looked after.
It's a horrific experience and a traumatic thing
For the women of South Sudan, that experience of rape in a much
more violent way and much more often than we ever would, but they didn't
Actors there, reading the real testimony of
The UN has been criticised for not acting quickly enough
to come to the aid of those in the Hotel Terrain,
and today we asked to speak to someone from the organisation,
This week, a statement from the UN Secretary General's office said that
"due to the gravity of these incidents" Ban Ki Moon has decided
to "launch an independent special investigation to determine
the circumstances surrounding these incidents and to evaluate
Well, tonight Newsnight bids a warm farewell to the Rio Olympics,
but we couldn't leave without a final word
from our Olympics correspondent Stephen Smith.
In tonight's Throne of Games season finale, he is joined
by the original Man Behaving Badly, Neil Morrissey, now an in-demand
We drop out on the last lap as Fiona Bruce goes
I've got a couple of confessions to make to the viewers who have
First of all, I never was in the British Olympics Deck
Quoits team, as I wrote in the book that accompanies this series.
Secondly, it's not my flat but it belongs to a familiar face.
I don't think I've ever seen it look so tidy!
I saw this lovely layout in Exchange and Mart.
Kirsty, you can't possibly live here.
I can see where you are getting your ideas from but I made Men
Behaving Badly for nearly 20 years and in real life we actually
We have turned into Olympoholics in our house.
It has been complete Olympomania.
Do I look like I've got a bit of red eye?
We have been sitting up to like four o'clock in the morning every day.
You have hit out this week at the perhaps
unrecognised horror of exploding laundry.
Tea towels, if they're not washed correctly, with all the grease
removed from them, when they go into the tumble dryer,
which is on quite a high heat as well, they can ignite.
I never thought we would hear that from Neil Morrissey.
Very, very precise, those pattern changes.
Wouldn't it be great to have a synchronised swimmer
He'll drag you underwater and do all kinds of things to you!
Apparently, being an Olympian smarts a little bit but it is nothing
like the day-to-day grind of an acting schedule.
I've got empathy with them, of course.
They think they work hard, but come on!
Now, did you offer them the cane work?
Did you say, I can bring something extra,
There's some decent points out of this discipline.
All that practice and he went the wrong side.
He knocked the bar off with his penis.
Gravity has shifted the member into a position and it hasn't
I'll leave it there, I think we've got the idea.
Good evening. It while since we last had a weekend like this one, a very
windy weekend and a very wet one. As well. On Saturday, we could see
destructive winds, particularly across England and Wales. Coastal
gusts of 50-60 mph. Big waves crashing onto shore, even inland,
How has Brazil managed the Olympics? Newsnight speaks to former Brazilian president Lula. Plus atrocities in South Sudan, a Trump campaign shake-up and Steve Smith's Olympic round-up.