31/08/2016 Newsnight


In-depth investigation and analysis of the stories behind the day's headlines with Evan Davis. Are we any closer to knowing what 'Brexit' means?

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There are this many people in the Cabinet, and probably


about this many different ideas as to what Brexit means.


But is the Government at last inching towards a single view


More single market, less immigration,


It's a fight as to what the priority should be,


a fight that matters to business and the City.


We'll ask if our financial services can flourish


Also tonight, a Polish man beaten to death in Essex.


Could it be the latest example of hate crime post-Brexit?


And what does it tell us about anti-social behaviour?


To be honest, since Brexit, I think all the British people,


the Brits here, they think they've got a green light here


You know, they feel very, kind of, secure to be racist.


Ian McEwan on his new novel, in which the narrator


I like to share a glass with my mother.


You may never have experienced, or you will have


forgotten, a good burgundy, her favourite, or a good sancerre, also


her favourite, decanted through a healthy placenta.


This morning, the best official line we had on our future place in Europe


was yet another reiteration of the grand tautology,


But that was before the Cabinet met at Chequers to talk things through.


Well, the line had barely moved on, to be honest.


The official statement said, "We're looking for controls


on immigration, but we also want a good deal for trade."


If that seems less than clear, it's because there is a conflict


between what kind of participation we have in the single market and how


much control we have over our own rules and borders.


It's the fundamental conflict, because what the single market


actually aspires to be is a vast borderless zone of unified standards


For platinum access to that market, you have to give up some control.


So how is the debate inside the Cabinet over


what we should want from the EU panning out?


Our political editor Nick Watt is with me.


I gave some semblance, some sense of the official statements. What do you


know about what went on? Well, there's a growing confidence in the


Cabinet, that the three Brexiteers, the ministers charged with taking


the UK out of EU, will reach agreement, and agreed UK position in


the coming months which will allow Theresa May, early next year, to


trigger the formal process, Article 50 of the Lisbon Treaty to take us


out of the European Union. Boris Johnson, David Davis and Liam Fox


are not exactly bosom buddies but Cabinet ministers were struck today


by the way in which they were pulling in the same direction. They


were clearly working together. They met last week and they are going to


have regular meetings. As one senior source said to me, they may loathe


each other but they sink or swim together. So they have their ducks


in a row, it seems. Now the principles, what is the UK objective


out of all of this? Two important points from the Downing Street


statement you mentioned, first, they are saying there will be controls on


immigration from within the European Union when we leave but they hope to


do it in a way that will ensure we can still trade in goods and


services. Maybe that is wishful thinking. The second big thing they


are saying is that Theresa May is not looking for an off-the-shelf


solution, the Norway option or the Turkish option, she is looking for


what has been described as a bespoke option. This is a British deal,


again, maybe wishful thinking but the thinking is that the UK is the


world's fifth-largest economy and we are somewhat larger than turkey and


Norway and perhaps that will give us some weight in the negotiations.


That in a way expresses the objectives. Where do they think this


is going to end up? What is the deal going to look like? That is the


crucial question. What I was really struck by today was the feeling that


the UK in these negotiations should perhaps not be too fussed about


access to the single market. The Remain supporters say they have do


have as much access to the single market as possible although that


will be limited if there are controls on immigration.


Essentially, what I was hearing is don't forget that the single market


largely covers trade in goods, not so much on services, which makes up


the larger part of the UK economy. What some people have been saying to


me is that perhaps the UK could be clever in those negotiations,


perhaps it could spring a surprise by, for example, not sounding too


fussed about the single market. Remember we were talking last night


about passport rights, the ability to trade your financial services


around the European Union, what I'm hearing tonight on that development


is that Philip Hammond is essentially saying, our EU partners


will assume that will be number one on the Chancellor's list, on his


shopping list in the negotiations. But what if it's not? What if he


does not make a big buzz about it? Maybe the UK could spring a surprise


and find a clever and imaginative way of protecting financial services


without passporting. Thank you for joining us.


Well, it is clear that a central issue is passporting.


It matters to financial services more than most,


being the right of companies based here to treat the whole of the EU


with no new licensing or regulatory requirements.


Is this crucial, or can we swap the passport for a driving licence?


Or some other similar document that has more or less the same effect.


With me now is Vicky Pryce, the economist and former advisor


to the Department of Trade and Industry and, from Guernsey,


Good evening. First, explain passporting, financial services, the


single market, what it means to be in it as opposed to be working from


outside it. The first thing to say is that financial services are very


important for the UK economy. Yes, they may not be a perfect single


market in financial services yet across the EU, but actually, it will


benefit hugely from greater integration and that is taking


place. If we are not part of it, we will lose out. The most important


thing to bear in mind, too, is that when you do have this passporting


ability, what it actually means is that any firm, any financial


services firm that settles in the UK all starts operating in the UK can


then sell its services all across the EU without having to ask for


permission, pass through new regulatory tests but of course, it


still has to comply with EU regulations. But it can do that


freely from wherever it is, in other words, lots of firms that come from


abroad, the US, for example or Switzerland, set up here and then


can basically operate like a EU organisation. So they can use London


as a base for financial services across the EU? That sounds pretty


important. Is it? Yes, it is quite important and clearly we want to be


able to trade in financial services with Europe. There are ways to do it


without the passporting system. There's a thing called equivalents,


which is where the EU reckons that countries are following rules which


are pretty much the same as their own and they let them into the


market on that basis. Places like Canada and Japan are actually


trading in some financial services on that basis now. It is likely we


will have to go down the equivalents route is politically, we are not


allowed to be part of the single market with the immigration controls


that seem firmly attached to it we are in a very possible financial


services base which has immigration controls and essentially free trade


into the EU. -- so we can be in a very strong financial services base.


But the banks in London will not be happy to think they will have the


same axis into Europe as the Japanese or the Americans. That is


quite a step back from where they have been. -- same access. Not


really. They have thrived for a long time in a highly competitive


position with those countries and there's no reason they should not


continue to do the same. I think the banks are moving to a position where


many of them don't want the passport. They would prefer


passporting because that means that London can be a bit different to the


rest of Europe which would be an international advantage elsewhere


and perhaps less attractively, would enable them to dodge the bonus cap.


This is the disadvantage of the passport. It says we are British and


single market and we have a minimum standard of regulation. If you have


this kind of equivalence arrangement, you can be operating on


their rules, there, but have different rules when you are


operating in China. Is that good for London as a financial centre? There


are different rules depending on where you operating. It's a fact in


any case. The interesting thing is that if you were trying to leave the


single market because we think it is actually very burdensome and has


regulations we don't like, it is worth bearing in mind that the UK is


considerably more tightly regulated in the financial sector than Europe.


If anything, what we have been worrying about for quite some time


is that we be forced to lower our own regulatory environment in order


to fit in with what goes on in Europe, rather than the other way


around. You are speaking from Guernsey, of course, which is an


offshore centre, if you like. It is very different to London, isn't it?


I wonder whether the analogy of you all right, it's OK come your


offshore and you can trade into it, is going to work for something the


size of London? It is far from a perfect analogy. We are a lot


smaller but we do thrive. I don't think the banks are going to be too


worried about operating on this equivalence basis. The problem with


equivalence and similar things is that they are determined by what is


a very bureaucratic, slow system in Europe. It might take three years


for us to be deemed equivalent, even though today we are obviously


totally equivalent. We have the same rules as the EU. It is not a perfect


solution. Equivalence requires lots of political will to make it happen


quickly. Do you think the Europeans will kind of want London to be a big


financial player for the residual EU? Will they say they have to make


it work for London because London is the finance provider? We know full


well that London is indeed the European centre, if you like, for


financial services and we have such a huge attraction in terms of all


sorts of foreign firms coming year and providing services for the whole


of the EU but we have already seen huge attempts by the French and


others to try to get bits back from here by offering all sorts of


incentives to firms to go and relocate in France, in Frankfurt and


so on. I think that is not going to stop at all. We do need passporting,


we do need to be part of the single market. The interesting thing for me


is that the Treasury, if it is indeed Philip Hammond two pushes


this, is the one department that has been incredibly good at negotiating


deals for the UK, in the financial sector which other countries have


not been able to do. I know you are quite optimistic about London but is


there somewhere else in Europe that can begin to nibble away at London's


leading financial services? Begin to nibble, yes but it is really task.


London has an incredibly strong concentration of talent. It has a


more sensible regulatory system than most of Europe operates with. It is


really very popular. It's a nice place to live. It is in the right


time zone. It has lots going for it and it has lived before with having


to operate outside other people's regulation to make money. The City


got going in a big way in the 80s because it had different regulation


to the USA. Difference can be good. Vicky Price, just more generally,


the relevance or the weight put on a bespoke deal for Britain, a Brexit


deal for Britain, you know, clearly, Theresa May is not going to lift off


the shelf Norway or Switzerland or Singapore anything. She says we will


negotiate our own. Is that a good strategy for an economy the size of


ours as we approach it? I think it all depends on what the European


thing, whether they think they are keeping the UK as close as they


possibly can is a good thing for them or not. We have already seen


that confidence in Europe has declined because of the Brexit


threat. In a way, yes, they do need us. On the other hand, there's quite


a lot of advantage they can have by taking beans over themselves. But I


think we have to bear in mind that whatever -- taking things over


themselves. But we have to bear in mind that whatever arrangement we


have got is going to be less good than now and for me, negotiation


will be the key. We all know how difficult it will be and how few


people there are who can actually do it from the UK side and really know


what the issues are in every aspect of this trading arrangement that we


have with them, what we do with the rest of the world. It is just not


going to be an easy thing to do. Varies one very interesting factor,


the politics of this has led the government to say, "We have do have


control of immigration but we want as much trade as we can get", this


is the conflict. The one thing Theresa May has not talked about so


much is the EU budget. I wonder if you would approve of an idea that


said, "You guys in Europe have a problem because quite a bit of your


money is not going to be paid over to you from the UK any more but we


in the UK will bribe you, pay you some budget", I know it's hard to


swallow, "We will keep on paying you for access to the single market on


current terms"? Would that be a good idea? It's what Norway does, they


put money into remain a member without actually getting anything


worthwhile back so it is just a straight gift of cash for being in


the single market. On some terms, all deals are worth doing. I hope


that isn't one deal we will have to do. Thank you for joining us.


The town of Harlow in Essex is in something of a state of shock


after a attack on two Polish residents on Saturday night


Arkadiusz Jozwik died from his injuries on Monday.


Five 15-year-old boys and one 16-year-old boy,


all from Harlow, were arrested on suspicion of murder.


There are obvious worries in the Polish community in Harlow


The Polish ambassador was in the town today,


along with the local MP, to offer support.


Our reporter John Sweeney went to hear the local concerns.


The killing of Arek Jozwik, a 40-year-old Pole in Essex,


was a particular tragedy, and cause for a wider, more general


unease about the politics of identity in Britain today.


Saturday night, just before midnight, 15 or 20 youths are here.


Arek, the Polish man, goes to that pizza


And that, people say, is the trigger for what happens next.


The story ends with Arek down on the ground where those flowers


For Poles in Britain, there is mounting anxiety


Today, a very public visit from Warsaw's man in London.


It is the beginning of my mission in the United Kingdom,


and I'm really shocked and deeply concerned on this tragedy.


To be honest, since Brexit, I think all the British people,


the Brits here, they think they've got a green light


You know, they feel very, kind of, secure to be racist.


To swear, to say all kind of rude comments, to be sarcastic, to send


sarcastic comments every day at work. I have been there, and it


isn't nice. All the British people we spoke to told us they were


horrified by the killing and had no problem with the Polish community.


Conrad works in the cafe directly opposite the pizza takeaway. He


spoke to us first in English, then in Polish.


This is not an isolated experience. What happened here isn't only a


story of the ugly mood in our country post Brexit. It is also a


story of anti-social behaviour, of people at night being afraid to walk


down a British high street. They terrorise all the shopkeepers,


terrorise people just walking through. It's awful. Awful. They go


into shops and knock things off shelves and walk back out.


Shopkeepers are too scared to say anything. We have no problem with


any foreign people. There's a problem with police not controlling


a of youths, cos they have no power to do anything. It's too late.


Someone has died, all because the police cannot control the situation.


Why is there a group of youths hanging around here anyway? It was


not supposed to be like this. 12 years ago today, then Prime Minister


Tony Blair visited Harlow to laud the local success in tackling


anti-social behaviour. I believe that Harlow is a kind and tolerant


place to live. I'm proud of being the MP here. The vast majority of


people are tolerant. We have lower levels of anti-social behaviour than


other areas of Essex and the country. However, there are problems


in certain areas. We need to find out what has happened. Today is a


day for the family, the Polish community and the people of Harlow,


but we need to find out the lessons that can be learned from it. In


Harlow tonight, people United, but for the town's Polish community, the


killing of one of their own makes emotions wall. I don't know if I can


mention names... Nigel Farage, thank you for that, because you are part


of this death. You have blood on your hands. Thanks to you, thanks to


this decision, where ever you are, it is your call. Nigel Farage has


always denied this allegation. As the search for clues and answers


continues, the fear is that two poisons have come together to a


lethal result. We first reported on the Zika


virus back in January, and sad to say, it has been


continuing its spread ever since. Back in January, it was


present in 20 countries Over the last eight


months, the virus has Now it's 70 counties


from the US to South Korea. making it the the largest


cluster in Asia. Earlier I spoke to Nyka Alexander


from the World Health Organisation in Geneva, and asked her if there


is any country in the world that has Although the virus has been around,


first detected in the 1940s, it's only been causing these


outbreaks, and certainly these outbreaks in the Americas, since


last year, so it's relatively new. I would almost turn your question


around and say, is there any place that we would expect not to have


Zika, and that would be any country that doesn't have the mosquitoes


that can spread Zika. If your country is one


that's the right climate for those mosquitoes,


quite possibly Zika will be Right, so it's in about


70 countries now. How many will it settle in,


do you think? If you look at a map of the world,


it's pretty much a very fat band around the middle of the equator,


so the warmer climates, In the Americas, for example,


it's only continental Chile and Canada that don't really seem


to have that mosquito, so that gives you a sense


of how much of the world Is there any progress


on the vaccine? It will be a couple of years before


we see a vaccine widely available, but it's certainly something


that WHO is working on, the research community


is working on together, Is this disease going to become


embedded and, if you like, a sort of chronic feature of life


of the countries that it arrives in? Or do you see it as something that


arrives, like Ebola, and is then eradicated


in the course of a year, and those countries can go back


to normal and stop So, from the discussions that


I hear my technical colleagues having, it's not something


that they are focusing on yet. It's not something


they are discussing yet, because we are still


at the beginning times, in a way, Over time, some populations


will develop immunity. Enough people will have had it,


they can't catch it again, and that will reduce how many people


are vulnerable to it, and therefore, how many more people


are having it and spreading it. Why are we concerned about Zika


in the first place? Because, as you know,


it's mild in most people. In fact, most people that have Zika


won't even know that they've had it, won't have any symptoms,


they'll be fine. A few people will develop


symptoms which themselves The concern is really for pregnant


women and the developing foetus, and what can happen


to the developing foetus. And microcephaly, the phenomenon


of the brain damage that is done by the Zika virus in some foetuses,


do we have more information now than we had at the beginning


of the year about what rate, what proportion of unborn children


are actually affected by it? What they can see is that there


are many more cases of microcephaly in populations that have Zika


than in populations who don't. One thing recent that we have


learned, and I would say it's been something we have learned


more about this year, that it's not just microcephaly,


that children might be born who seem fine, but then, on examination,


it turns out they have problems with eyesight or hearing,


some joint problems, So that's where some of the research


has expanded our knowledge, and it underlines yet again how


important it is for pregnant women to be aware of the dangers,


and to know how to protect themselves, and to be given


the services and choices, so they can make decisions


about what risks they are willing to take, and how to protect


themselves from that risk. Nyka Alexander, thanks


for bringing us up to date The writer Ian McEwan had his first


work published in 1975, which, by coincidence,


was the year of first referendum on membership of the EU,


or Common Market as it was. Things have not gone


so well for Britain's relationship with the EU,


which has upset Mr McEwan, who is, it's fair to say,


is a strong EU supporter. But things have gone well for him


since 1975. He has written 15 or more major


novels - one of them won the Man Booker, many have been


were turned into films, And his latest novel


is released tomorrow. It is an interesting


one called Nutshell. It brings echoes of Hamlet


to a murderous tale set in But the most striking feature


is that the narrator is a rather erudite unborn child,


a womb-bound witness to the drama. I sat down with Mr McEwan this


morning to talk about So, here I am,


upside-down in a woman. Waiting and wondering who I'm


in and what I'm in for. My eyes close nostalgically


when I remember how I once drifted in my translucent body bag,


floated dreamily in the bubble of my thoughts, through my private


ocean in slow motion somersaults, colliding gently


against the transparent Ian McEwan, the book has this


interesting conceit of the narrator The first line drifted into my head


during a long, boring meeting at which I was required to wear


an expression of attentive joy. I sat on it for a couple of months


and then decided I knew exactly In the meantime, I'd been


reading Hamlet again. And the two fused before


I knew what I was doing. Having a foetus is actually very


restrictive in a way. He has to listen very carefully


to what is going on. But he can get into the most private


situations. He hears all the pillow


talk, of course. He sees his mother having an affair


with his uncle from a very... I was going to say privileged,


rather less privileged point of view When the book goes to the States,


obviously, the issue of unborn children in America


is a very hot issue, I mean, a Wall Street journalist


says, "This is clearly I had to ask him to unwrap


the question for me because I didn't understand


what he was talking about. So we shouldn't


infer anything That didn't even cross my mind


when I was writing it. Anyway, he gets born,


like many foetuses do. But in the States, opinions come


in packages, squadrons even. Brexit, though, I know,


wounded you deeply. You felt very strongly,


very bad after the referendum and you have written about in many


ways you hoped it was just a I still think it might not happen,


or that it's impossible to happen. That the triad of Fox,


Davis and Johnson will come back with a deal that is simply not


acceptable to the Brexiters. We might be in something


of a recession and the mood I asked to live in a


parliamentary democracy. I don't want to be


ruled by plebiscites. I think that running this matter


on a small majority when it impacts on every corner of our constitution,


not only our laws but our science and the whole sense of where,


who we are in the world, And I think David Cameron will have


to sit with an awkward I wonder because you can point quite


a lot of fingers of blame from your point of view,


I would have thought. Yeah, I suppose blame is hardly


worth bothering with now. I think we made a mistake,


we who sit around about these things, in not saying,


"What is the status Apparently, it was advisory,


unlike the AV referendum, If we'd gone into this referendum


all telling each other, "This is only advisory


and Parliament will take a decision", we might have been


in a different place by now and Parliament would be ready


to make its view known. A number of people on that side


say he did not pull... I don't want to be ruled


by plebiscites and I don't I just wish the Labour Party


would get themselves sorted out, that the Parliamentary Labour Party


would find a way of working with Corbyn or whoever


is going to be in front. We urgently need another voice


in Parliament and we don't have one. And now we are giving


the government absolute free rein. They conduct, they are in control


of the argument. Do you blame yourself


and your class? Maybe it's my class,


that metropolitan group, who were very easy targets


for the Brexit side of the campaign? People who, if you like,


seem to be rather comfortable, live rather well, and have a rather


disconnected life from other If you offer a referendum,


you ask for a bloody nose, If you're not doing well


by the status quo, why not vote In one interview, I think


you are quoted as saying, "What it is like to be a manual


labourer just doesn't I wonder whether that really


is the problem in this country, that we were two


cultures, two societies. You don't get the other lot,


they don't get you. You have to understand the context


in which I say this... I was the first to go to university,


the first to even stay I'm constantly being asked questions


that no one asks Julian Barnes or James Fenton, why don't I have


more labourers and JCB drivers Well, I could have


but I don't, you know, You can only judge a novelist


by what he or she does, "What are you doing out


of your class? Why aren't you writing


about your own class? I might well write


about manual labour. I was a dustman for Camden Council


for six months. I was free in that I went


to a wonderful state grammar school, full of working class kids


from central London. I feel very easy in the class


system. So I think it's the problem


of my interviewers. The interviewers are constantly


boxing you in. Interesting, the narrator


in the book... We've established that the narrator


speaks for you some of the time. For example, I love


a New Zealand sauvignon blanc. He will only drink


the French variety. I like to share a glass


with my mother. You may never have experienced,


or you will have forgotten, a good burgundy, her favourite,


or a good sancerre, also her favourite, decanted


through a healthy placenta. Even before the wine arrives,


tonight, her Jean Max Roger sancerre, at the sound of a drawn


cork, I feel it on my face I know that alcohol will


lower my intelligence. As you get older, do you find it


hard not to become a bit of a curmudgeon about


the state of the world, the decline of the West,


what everyone else is doing? No, the older I get,


and the closer it comes to the point at which I vanish,


the more I want the It was in my youth when I had just


two pairs of jeans and three T-shirts and paid ?3 a week


for a rented flat in Stockwell that in a way, I could allow


the full rein of pessimism. Nuclear war, bring it on,


it will be so exciting. I even started a novel on that


very same theme. Based on Defoe's Journal


Of The Plague Year. No, I give my foetus a double


account of the world. Nuclear exchange, climate change,


all the things that make an intellectual pessimistic,


but then let him run Hundreds of millions of people taken


out of poverty, more people living longer,


unbelievable access to information, a golden age of


scientific discovery. We know more about the cosmos,


more about the human cell, We live in amazing times,


which makes it all the It was 350 years ago


that the Great Fire It ignited late on 2nd September,


1666 and continued for several days. Now it actually killed remarkably


few people, perhaps only six, but it destroyed swathes of buildings,


much of the old city, There's lots to say about it and how


the initial reaction was to blame the French and Dutch,


but one historian has been looking at the buildings that were lost,


the sights that tourists might be gazing upon today,


had the fire not got to them first. Matthew Green wrote London:


A Travel Guide Through Time Good evening. You're going to take


us through some pictures of one or two of these lost buildings. Let's


have a look at the first. Bridewell Palace, one of many imposing


riverside structures, as you can see, rather rambling brick palace,


set around a number of courtyards with its own gardens and Private


wharf. This built between 1550 and 1520 and it was one of Henry VIII's


favourite palaces and we think he had his final, rather quarrelsome


supper with Catherine of Aragon there. Made of? Brick which was a


sign of status at the time when most of the houses were lurching, timber


framed buildings. It was on the bank of the Fleet River and on the third


day of the fire it was hoped the river would act as a fire break but


instead, the fire merely vaulted across and decimated the palace.


Let's have a look at another one. This is what I would describe as the


marvel of medieval London, Gothic St Paul's Cathedral, a remorselessly


Gothic structure, very different to Sir Christopher Wren's neoclassical


successor, all flying buttresses and pointed parrots, crawling with


gargoyles and the most impressive feature was originally the


monumental lead and timber spire which rose to 489 feet. You would


not get anything as high in London again until 1964 but it was hit by


lightning in 1561 and on the eve of the fire, it looked like a bazaar


inside, it was the most popular public space. On the same site as


the existing church? Yes. An interesting feature is that these


buildings were lost to the fire. If they had not been, they may have


been lost anyway because there are plenty of other things that could


have destroyed them white human action. We have one to demonstrate


that. The Victorians had an obsession with knocking down


beautiful, antiquated buildings. Looking at Nonesuch house, perhaps


my favourite. This is fabulous. It is wildly eccentric, meticulously


carved, gaudily painted. This was the marvel of London bridge,


straddling both sides of the street, bulging over the swirling River


Thames and it is an architectural mongrel. There was nothing like it.


When did it come down? Not until the 1770s, after all of the other houses


on the bridge were taken. Right over the Thames, these days, you could


not build it because it would obstruct the views of Saint Pauls


and someone would say you can't. Exactly and what a shame because it


is such a crazy building. That is one we miss. How many buildings


predating the fire are left in London? You won't find more than 18,


in the actual catchment area of the fire itself, really no more landmark


buildings apart from the Tower of London and the Guildhall, who facade


dates from the 14 30s. Outside that zone, you find the Middle Temple


Hall, stable in in Hoban and one or two others but essentially, as


Johnny Flynn said after the blaze, London was and is no more. -- John


Eva Lind. The streetscape was a very interesting feature of the city of I


bought a yes and much of that is preserved because gritter Wren and


others had visions an Italian aid -- Sir Christopher Wren and others had


visions of an Italianate city but others came back as they wanted to


do and started rebuilding it and many of the street are still


labyrinth in even though the wooden buildings have long since vanished.


They still adhere to the old topographical hotspot that people


knew and loved and feared as medieval London. Thank you for


joining us. That's just about it tonight,


but let's end on the elephant. Prior to the arrival of Europeans,


scientists think that Africa may have been home to as many


as 20 million of them. By 1979, that number


was just 1.3 million. And the Great Elephant Census


released today found that in just the last seven years,


30% of Africa's elephants have disappeared, lost to poachers


serving an insatiable It would be a pity if it we only had


pictures to remember


Are we any closer to knowing what 'Brexit' means? Is the murder in Harlow a hate crime? Plus Zika, Ian McEwan on his new novel, and the Great Fire of London.

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