Riots in the US after the police kill a black man. Inside besieged Aleppo. Garden Bridge faces setback. The political lessons of papal elections. With James O'Brien.
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Rioting on the streets of America after yet another killing
of an African-American by a police officer.
The State of Emergency in North Carolina may be lifted
soon, but the racial divide in America seems as
The grievance in their mind is the animus, the anger.
They hate white people because the white people are
We'll ask if the current violence comes at a uniquely
Also tonight - plans for a Garden Bridge in London hit
another setback, as the Mayor orders a value for money inquiry.
I'm delighted Margaret Hodge is going to take a look at this,
because she knows, I think she can smell a dud project
I think she's going to find this one is a real dud.
We'll ask Margaret Hodge whether her report could spell
And - what can papal elections tell us about the dirty world
Author Robert Harris pulls back the curtain.
Conclaves are short, any divisions are kept
behind closed doors, and when the winning
candidate emerges, the church unites around him.
Secular politics has a lot to learn from conclaves.
Three black men have been shot dead by police
In the coming hours we will find out whether the scene of the latest,
the North Carolina city of Charlotte where Keith Lamont Scott
was shot on Tuesday, will face its third
With the national guard already in place and Donald Trump apparently
appealing for African-American votes because, and I quote,
"they have nothing to lose", it's clear that racial tensions are once
again centre stage in American politics.
One of the main demands of the protesters is that the police
video of the incident be released, but today
the Charlotte Chief of Police told a press conference that they didn't
The video does not give me absolute, definitive visual evidence that...
That would confirm that a person is pointing a gun.
I did not see that in the videos that I've reviewed.
What I can tell you, though, is when taken in the totality
of all the other evidence, it supports what we've heard
in the version of the truth that we gave about the circumstances
that happened, that led to the death of Mr Scott.
Let's cross over to Charlotte and talk to the BBC's correspondent
Are the authorities braced for more violence tonight? They are, and
that's why several hundred members of the National Guard have been
deployed to the streets of Charlotte. Their primary role is to
look after property, to look after buildings, so the police don't have
to do that, so the police can go out there and make arrests and do their
normal policing duties. That said, there is still a lot of tension in
this city. The pressure group that campaigns on behalf of black people
says that effectively putting the National Guard on the streets
militarise is the situation and couldn't raise tensions rather than
throw at them. What we are expecting in the next few minutes at police
headquarters is the family may get to see, the Scott family may get to
see that controversial police cam video shot on Tuesday was Keith
Lamont Scott was being shot by the police. The police are going to see
it, and what their verdict is on a video, I think, will be crucial to
the atmosphere in this city. Gary O'Donoghue, many thanks indeed. The
bigger picture is worth a glance at now.
Just days ahead of the first Presidential debate.
The political pantechnicon that is Donald Trump's Presidential
campaign rumbled into and out of Toledo, Ohio this week
as the country reacted to not just the racially charged rioting
in Carolina but also, of course, the terrorist attacks
Emily Maitlis has been keeping tabs on this most controversial
of candidates, and wondering whether a year of remarkable
reverses for the political status quo could yet witness an even bigger
upset, and she's in Toledo for us tonight.
I think that is right. Whether you are talking about rioting on the
streets or the shooting dead of black men by police in Carolina, as
you have just heard about, or if it is those thwarted terror attacks in
New York and New Jersey, Americans right now waking up to a sense of
something deeply unsettling in the state of their country. Clearly both
candidates are offering very differing political solutions, but
when an electorate keeps hearing about a country that is polarised,
that is divided, that is unjust and doesn't seem to be getting any
better, perhaps it is for them to start looking to
that candidate of change, the candidate that talks about fixing
things, fixing things we know is a very Donald Trump sort of phrase. We
are in Toledo, Ohio, a crucial swing state Trump is going all out to win.
He has been here many more times than Hillary Clinton and ahead of
that first critical presidential debate, the first time Donald Trump
and Hillary Clinton will sit on the same stage together, going
head-to-head, we spoke to a Republican strategist called in by
team Brexit to give them a little advice ahead of their own televised
debates. Have a look. And we will make
America great again! Take back control of this country
and our democracy... And we will make
America great again! If we vote to Leave,
we take back control. And yes, we will make
America great again! The echo of insurgency both sides
of the Atlantic Ocean... And turn the page to a bright
and shining future. 2016, it once seemed, would be
the year things almost happened - the rising of populist movements
around the world, but after the Brexit vote,
suddenly we realised that voice didn't just have the power
to unsettle but to upend. It was a moment many on this side
of the ocean fully woke up to Trump. I certainly think that the Brexit
has energised a lot of voters I think for folks who didn't think,
who don't think that Donald Trump can win, they now believe that
Donald Trump can win. I also think that it has invigorated
the hope of folks who think we can't Brett O'Donnell, a Republican
strategist who's advised former presidential candidate Mitt Romney,
was called in by the Leave EU team to help them
prepare for the debates. We were very careful about trying
to characterise this is taking back control of your country,
as opposed to losing And being hopeful about your
country, as opposed It's about using the phrase "Take
back control of our NHS", "Take back control of our school
system", "Take back control of our trade", "Take back control
of our borders", "Take back control The Brexit Trump analogy
is far from perfect, but they each speak to a sense
of reclaiming, and that, I think, is key -
whether it's about your borders, or your former greatness
as a country - it appeals to a people who feel that something
slipped out of their grasp, And put like that, it no longer
sounds like protest Toledo, Ohio is a midwest town
with manufacturing in its soul. Glassware and car parts,
gasworks and tyres, but it's a town that's slumped, as
manufacturing headed east. An economy in decline has brought
many here a rally for Trump. I will not tolerate anyone violating
Mr Trump's right to speak here today, or your right
to assemble and to listen Do not physically
engage the protesters. They embrace their new-found
identity as "deplorables", after Hillary's comments
about racism and xenophobia I think it's disgusting that
a presidential nominee could call a large segment of our
population deplorables. If she would win, she would be
president of everybody. And as we move through the queue,
I'm curious to know if the same factors that drove Brexit,
are driving Trump. The dilution of the American culture
is deteriorating the structure, In Europe, you guys have a big
problem, because there's no borders. I think it's sad that these illegal
immigrants get all this freedom and we have veterans
who are homeless, who can't afford health care, who have to wait
months on top of months. They've been waiting
since 9 this morning. Donald Trump finally
arrives here at 2.30. This is a movement, and we're
taking our country back for the people,
we're taking it back. "We're taking our country back,
we're taking it back". That kind of easy slogan has proved
critical to his messaging during this campaign,
whether it means jobs, It's about drilling a message home
time and time again. He tells his fans, they tell others,
a kind of verbal pyramid selling which has proved
so utterly effective. In downtown Toledo,
I meet Mike and Ed - I don't think that she is saying
anything, what she is going What's he going to do to make
America great again? But they agree on one thing,
that the Democrats lack It has been harder for her to reduce
her message to something that connects every day
with the marketplace. What I might call
kitchen table life. People are sitting around,
not thinking about politicians They're thinking, how
can I pay my bills? My car needs a muffler,
my rent is due. They are not thinking
about politicians and what it means. Until politics starts
looking like this... The shooting of yet another black
man by police has hit a deep nerve in America,
and brought protests out The black vote is overwhelmingly
Democrat, but the protest may harden parts of the white vote behind
Trump, and polarised America may well play
into his narrative. An America that's divided,
an America that's uneasy, an America that is, he'll them,
broken, is an America Let's pick up where Emily
left off in her piece - the protests over the shooting dead
of a black man by police A little earlier I spoke
to North Carolina congressman His district covers
the City of Charlotte. I began by asking him
about the prospect of a third night Well, my hope is that
calm will prevail. Frankly we need the spirit
of Martin Luther King, the great statesman who, yes,
he went to the streets We need the spirit of
the leaders to come out today, from President Obama,
from the Attorney General, from pastors, from lay people,
to go to the streets, African-American leaders,
and ask for calm and ask for discipline in what they want,
to share their grievances The chief grievance
of the protesters? It began long before two nights ago
when there was a shooting. I think that was the effect,
the culmination, frankly, 1965, President Johnson,
with good intentions, launched the Great Society,
and the impact of that has frankly There are African-American people
today who are more removed from our economy
than any other time. In fact, sadly, as a result
of the policies that the president, and I say with good intentions,
followed the last eight years, that the demographic group that has
been hurt the worse, are the low income, minority people,
they have grown zero in our economy. With respect, congressman,
I don't think the people on the streets last night
and the night before were protesting against Lyndon B Johnson's almost
half a century old policies. What is their grievance
in their mind? The grievance in their mind
is the animus, the anger. They hate white people because white
people are successful We have spent trillions
of dollars on welfare, but we put people in bondage,
so that they can't be all that America is a country of opportunity
and freedom and liberty. It didn't become that way
because of the great government who provided everything
for everyone. No, the destiny of America,
the freedom to come to this country, why they're still coming
to our shores is because they can take their work ethic
and their hard effort, and put a cap on their risk
and build out their lives. A black man gets shot
by a black police officer and the people protest
because they hate white people? Yeah, that's what
they're saying on TV. That was the brother
of the man who got shot. He said in a very vulgar way,
he hated all white people. There's nothing racial
about what happened. You look at the educational system,
70% of all African-American children This is tragic, and it's
a breakdown in our society. The perception that the African
Americans expect a different degree of treatment from American police
isn't part of this at all? Do you think our African-American
chief of police or an African American officer wants to degrade
somebody from his own race? I ride shotgun with our police,
from 10pm to 6am, I've done These people are valiant,
courageous people. There's issues on the streets every
night. They are courageous people, our law
enforcement, and I value them. People are instigators,
who incite these riots. That's why I'm calling
for the spirit of Martin Luther King to return, to not allow
the agitators to come in and exploit these situations,
and that's what they're doing. Doctor King, of course,
spoke of the need of love to be I sense from some of your comments
you're probably also Is it somehow fighting hate
with love to employ some of the rhetoric he employs,
with regards to Mexico of the rhetoric he employs,
with regards to Mexicans being rapists and murderers,
or the birth story? You have come out and in
support of Donald Trump. You cite the memory of Dr King,
and I can't quite square I missed your last comment,
did you say nobody is perfect? But the policies of the last 50
years have enslaved these I'm looking ahead
to the next five now. I just wonder how you square
admiration for Donald Trump, who has cast aspersions
upon the very circumstances of an African-American's birth,
while also calling for the spirit of Dr King to be brought to bear,
upon the current violence. What I'm for is freedom
and opportunity and liberty, and that's what our Republican House
members stand for. To go to a better way,
you'll understand what we're about. We are about our agenda,
an agenda for creating greater We want Donald Trump to embrace us,
and we believe he will Congressmen Robert Pittenger,
thank you very much indeed. Joining me now from New York
is The Daily Beast's Let's begin, it's hard to know where
to begin... Let's begin with the claim there was no racial element to
what is happening in Charlotte at the moment because the chief of
police is African-American and the officer who fired the fatal shot is
also African-American, BoGo this isn't an issue of race.
I think it's a misnomer first of all to believe that an officer of the
law who happens to be African-American does not also
harbour some level of implicit, if not explicit bias against other
Americans, whether or not they are white or not white,
African-American, Hispanic or otherwise. So that has been proven
to be true in test after test. So for many African Americans,
specifically living in Charlotte, this is a racial issue. If you look
at Charlotte and its fabric, its economic and racial disparities and
disparities among racial intolerance lines it's a very fragile fabric
that has existed over these last several decades. If you look at what
happened last evening, yes, there was a flash point of an --
African-American man who was disabled with the community says was
unarmed, the police officers say he was armed, who was shot as he waited
for his trial to get off a school bus. That was not necessarily the
cause of the uprising. It was simply the flash point. The cause is the
decades upon decades of economic and racial inequality in and around
Charlotte and in and around other US American cities.
It's not simply the case that, as the congressman suggested, they hate
all white people? No, not at all. What people hate is
the injustice they see reflected in this system. If I'm looking at the
cultural ins of the congressman IC uprising in the streets and
lawlessness that ought to be checked and a system that is fair to me and
people like me. I don't see the system from the other side from
black and brown people who happen to live in this country who are apart
on the other side of the occasion, who don't carry the same level of
privilege of not being able to see all being affected by implicit bias.
So I think there are cultural lenses at play here. The congressman sees
his version of truth and then the young people on the ground see their
day-to-day Myers and their truth and both of them have two square and
that is where the divide lies. What do you feel, Goldie Taylor, new
here and elected politician like that described African-American
people as not liking white people because white people are successful
and black people are not? I will put him up against every
black doctor and lawyer that I know in this country, company CEO, US
congressmen and women. I will put him up against every heart surgeon,
every black heart surgeon I know, every schoolteacher, every police
officer and then talk about what success means in the
African-American community., people with college degrees in the African
American community than at any time in history and employment Dummigan
employment rates have halved under Obama. Has never been a better time
for African-Americans in this country. To say it is perfect be
wrong, but to say we are in a time that is as bad as Jim Crow that
existed over 50 years ago, to say it is as bad as when the EPM system
existed in this country, or as bad as slavery, or the vicious maligning
of human rights in this country we are simply not therefore stop this
country has made a hell of a lot of progress.
You mentioned President Obama and the prospect of President Trump is
Hoving interview. Is this not helping him if he is the candidate
of change portraying chaos, then seems like the ones we've seen in
Charlotte somehow create the idea there is really something that needs
to be fixed? That's the fear, if you watch these
kinds of uprisings, if you watch the terrorist attacks in New York
recently when you had a young man planting pressure cooker bombs
around the city, some would say that that would indeed help the Trump
candidacy if you live in that kind of fear. But there are others on the
other hand who say Trump is not the answer to those kinds of dilemmas,
that we need a more comprehensive approach to immigration, a more
comprehensive approach to unemployment, a more comprehensive
approach to fixing public education. Trump doesn't give policies, he
gives, I will fix it and I'm the only one. America is looking for
change but I think it's difficult, quite frankly, to articulate a
comprehensive policy that we need. Goldie Taylor, thank you for your
time tonight. Thank you. The precarious ceasefire
in the Syrian civil war finally collapsed overnight as rebel-held
areas of the already devastated city of Aleppo came under
heavy aerial bombardment. Reports out of the city suggest that
incendiary bombs were dropped on the Bustan al-Qasr district,
killing at least 13 people, Tonight the Syrian army announced
the start of a new military offensive in the city,
urging civilians to avoid areas Let's cross to Aleppo now and speak
to Ismail Alabdullah. He works for the White Helmets,
a group of volunteer rescue workers who try to help victims
of the violence. If the picture seems dark, that's
because there is currently no electricity in his building tonight.
Ismail, can I begin by asking what you have been doing today?
Actually, today, we responded to many sites of bombing, lots of
people are under the rubble in many neighbourhoods. Last night it was
like hell in a Aleppo city and all of the neighbourhoods in Bustan
al-Qasr. We worked more than 24 hours to pull bodies from the
rubble. Since the ceasefire ended at seven o'clock two days ago many
people died almost 30 people on that night in just four hours. All of
died. Yesterday there were air strikes. Bombs killed 13 people,
like you said. Before the ceasefire ended everything was OK and people
were happy, walking on the streets, celebrating Eid and everything has
changed. The situation has become heavy bombing. The aid situation
remains precarious. Are any supplies reaching the city? Can I ask what
you have eaten today? Today I just have eaten some rice
from my friend. The other day I was looking for something to eat. I'm
not afraid for myself. I'm scared about the people, about the kids,
about the many people around Aleppo city. We have not received any aid
for two months, medical care, we are suffering from a lack of medical
supplies. We don't have enough doctors. Even electricity and the
electricity went off since almost three months. We have just
generators working for the hospitals. And in a few days we will
run out of everything. Even for water, we don't have drinking water.
We have just water from the well is that cannot be drinkable. The
situation has become worse and worse and worse. I think the line has
defeated us, and so indeed has the clock. Ismail alla Abdullah, thank
you for your time this evening. Modern politicians seem increasingly
obsessed with their legacy but it's fair to say that one of the biggest
bequests of Boris Johnson's London mayoralty is looking
decidedly troubled. His successor Sadiq Khan today
announced a comprehensive review of the so-called Garden Bridge
and appointed the former chair of the Commons
Public Accounts Committee, In a moment she'll tell us how
she plans to establish whether the ?60 million already
spent represents value for money for taxpayers
and whether transparency standards have been met
by the public bodies involved. But first, a report
from Newsnight's Hannah Barnes. At a cost of ?185 million
and now running a year Garden Bridge has barely been out
of the headlines in recent months. The choice of Dame Margaret Hodge
lead a review into how the Garden Bridge has
been handled so far is an interesting one.
As chair of the Commons Public Accounts Committee,
Hodge was famous for her fearless questioning and not shying away from
holding the most powerful and influential players in industry and
You're a company that says you do no evil,
Dame Margaret will look at whether the
Garden Bridge has achieved value for money from the taxpayers'
Some say Hodge's appointment is politically
motivated, but others, who are critical of
the plans, welcoming the London Mayor's decision.
I'm delighted Margaret Hodge is going to
take a look at this, because she knows, I think
she can smell a dud project when she sees one.
I think she's going to find this one is a real dud.
If this was built entirely with private money, and there was
enough private money to ensure it wasn't a liability on the taxpayer
in future, I's still think frankly it was a waste.
This is just a bad way to think of spending public money
and the sooner it's scrapped, the better.
Last month Newsnight revealed the funding shortfall for
the project was significantly greater than the public had been led
On top of the 60 million of public money pledged, the chair of the
Garden Bridge Trust, Lord Davies, told us that ?69 million had been
Since that appearance by Lord Davies more than a month ago, the Garden
Bridge Trust doesn't appear to have raised any new private money.
Indeed, just earlier this week, it told the Times newspaper that
private fund-raising still stood at ?69 million.
So despite the fact that those behind the Garden Bridge
have made it very clear that this is now a critical
time for the project, the money that they desperately need
to make this project happen just isn't materialising.
Letters and e-mails released this week under the
Freedom of Information Act have shown that the Garden Bridge came
perilously close to being pulled earlier this summer.
In an e-mail on the 11th of July, a senior civil
servant at the Department for Transport explicitly asked the
Garden Bridge Trust whether without the government
agreeing to extend a guarantee to underwrite the bridge,
the trustees would be unable to continue with the project.
Bee Emmott, the executive director of the garden
Bridge trust replies, yes, trustees need this
to demonstrate we are we are growing concern.
Without the underwriting they would struggle to demonstrate
Another letter has raised concerns for Will Hurst
On the 11th of July the trough's German, Mervyn Davies wrote to one
of the transport ministers, explaining that there were all sorts
of problems with the project, that it might need to be terminated
in the next few months and that they had stood
Now, on the very same day it turns out the garden bridge trust
was telling the Evening Standard, and therefore Londoners, that
They also released a statement on their website, this
is the garden bridge trust, saying construction has not been
halted because construction hasn't yet started.
I think the documents disclose something that's really
At the same time that the Bridge Trust was writing to the Minister
in the Department for Transport to say they've had to put work
on hold, they were telling the London Evening Standard that
everything was going absolutely swimmingly.
Now you know, that's at best misleading, at worst it's
A spokesperson for the Garden Bridge Trust said there is no deception,
you are comparing a letter to our delivery partner,
outlining funding risks where we discussed the worst-case
scenarios, with a press statement that clearly talks
about the operations work the team is doing to move ahead on all
the planning activities required to enable construction to commence.
Dame Margaret's review will cost ?25,000 and Sadiq Khan has promised
It will then be in his power to decide whether the
We did ask to speak to someone from the Garden Bridge Trust
No matter, with me now is Dame Margaret Hodge,
has been asked by the London Mayor to look into this project.
Did Sadiq Khan tell you why he wanted you particular for this job?
I think it's my experience over the five years of the last Parliament,
when I was responsible for China Public Accounts Committee, and our
job was to look at value for money for public expenditure. What I'm
looking for in this project is not the project in its totality, it's
the Garden Trust. If they raised money privately that is brilliant,
I'm looking at the Public expenditure part of it, the ?60
million promised, of which ?40 million has been spent, to see
whether it is value for money, whether the procurement process was
best practice and whether there was proper transparency in the decisions
that were taken. Do you still fancy the job having seen that report?
There we are, I will get a van load of stuff delivered tomorrow to my
house, so I will have really exciting reading over the weekend. I
get access to all the papers that City Hall have, so I will stop with
that. There have been various reviews. I will go through that. I
hope everybody will talk to me, including the Garden Trust and after
I've read the papers I will have a clear review of who I have to talk
to and what questions that need to ask. And you arrive at this task
with your impartiality scrupulous, but you do possess teeth and they
are teeth you are not afraid to bear in the chairmanship of that Public
Accounts Committee. Have you been entrusted with enough power,
conclusions depend on, to end this project before it's begun? I'm not
going in to end this project, I am impartial. Is that on the table as a
possibility, if your findings... The decision in the end is for others,
not me at all. The power lies more with the Department for Transport
and the male's office. That your advice could constitute a caution?
Let's see. I'm trying to work out what powers you have. I've got the
powers to look at everything, all the papers in City Hall. When I was
doing the Public Accounts Committee, we had to sometimes fight to get
access to papers. This time I'm told everything that goes into City Hall
is there. I hope people will come and talk to me about it. Will you
encourage them to do so? I want to clarify how as a layman howl nearly
?40 million can be spent on a budget before a brick has been delayed or
ground has been broken, do we know? That is the question I will have to
ask. That is your starting point. Dame Margaret Hodge, thank you.
A fictional account of the 72-hour long deliberations of Roman Catholic
cardinals charged with electing a new Pope may not offer
immediately obvious lessons for the British Labour party.
But the bestselling author, and former confidante of Tony Blair,
Robert Harris has extrapolated precisely that from his
Papal elections are a famously secretive process with their roots
in the thirteenth century culminating, of course,
with the release of plumes of white smoke so we thought
we'd charge Harris - once a reporter on Newsnight
of course - with explaining what lessons the papal politicians
might have for their secular cousins.
I wanted to write a novel about the election of a Pope,
not because I'm a Catholic which I'm not, but
because I'm a political writer and a conclave is the oldest
and most secretive electoral process on Earth.
I was allowed to go behind-the-scenes of the Vatican to
see the places where a conclave takes place,
in the corridors and in the bedrooms of the Cardinals where they gather
to discuss the candidates, in the room where the new Pope
is dressed and even allowed to follow the walk he takes soon
One aim of the novel was to take the reader inside
Another was to see whether this 700-year-old ritual, this
extraordinary coalition between the sacred and the profane still had
lessons to offer modern politics, in particular in this season of
It's a fairly reliable rule of recent papal elections that
whoever starts as favourite ends up losing,
as is often said to be the case in Tory leadership elections.
The Cardinals may not know who they want to choose as Pope,
but they often know who they don't want and the favourite
Unless a popular incumbent is standing again which obviously
is never the case with a conclave, elections are very much an
opportunity for change and most of the Popes elected over
the last 60 years have been, in a way, change
There is a warning here for Hillary Clinton above all,
because if even the elderly Cardinals
of the conclave want to see a change, how much more
so do millions of voters in the United States?
When the cardinals gather in the Sistine
Chapel, the first thing they do is pray that the holy spirit will come
among them and guide them to a candidate.
And once one of their number begins to attract a lot of
votes, inevitably they have the aura of being God's chosen.
What in a secular election a psephologist
Whether or not you believe that Jeremy Corbyn is the second
coming, it was certainly wise of his supporters to colonise that
particular word and his opponents have been on the defensive ever
Cardinals in a conclave are traditionally supposed to insist
that they have no desire to become Pope.
Nevertheless, those popes who are most successful, John XXIII,
John Paul II and the present Pope seemed to come almost
from the start, project an aura of confidence.
It's important to appear at ease in the role and it's also
Any divisions are kept behind closed doors.
And when the winning candidate emerges, the church
Secular politics has a lot to learn from conclaves.
Conclave, from the Latin conclavis - with a key.
Since the 13th century this was how the church had
ensured its Cardinals would come to a decision.
They would not be released from the chapel except for
meals and to sleep until they had chosen a Pope.
Finally the cardinal electors were alone.
The nation was rocked again today with further news of defections
from the Great British Bake Off team, as the show makes its
This morning we learned that Mary Berry will not be making
leaving Paul Hollywood as the only on-screen talent left.
If you're a fan of the show, though, don't worry.
We've got hold of a sneak preview of how the new show might look.
What we want to do is take it back to basics a little bit.
But that doesn't mean that the judging's
We've never done anything like this on Bake Off