The horrors of Aleppo from inside a hospital and the latest on the abuse inquiry. Plus Jeremy Corbyn speaks, prog rock returns, and did the working class really vote for Brexit?
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Words can no longer capture the reality of life in Aleppo..
We'll bring you recent footage of doctors working
doing their utmost to help children in the most desperate conditions.
It is difficult viewing, but no-one watching the pictures
coming out the city can say they were never told
We'll ask this rescue worker in Aleppo why
Also tonight Ryhall ladies and gentlemen, please well, Jeremy
Corbyn. Also tonight we send Newsnight's man
of the people Chris Cook on the road to see how Corbyn is playing
in the bellweather constituencies. Now that I have listened
to him properly. With Tony Blair, I only voted
for him, I never liked the bloke anyway, but he was
the better of the options. Our previous Newsnight man is here
to put the case for word. Tony Blair 's speech writer may disagree.
And we relive the era of Prog Rock, in case you didn't realise how
What seemed like a worldwide revolution about changing the way
the world is, looking for a better place,, their Age of Aquarius was on
our doorstep as well. Hello, The words to describe
the plight of the city of Aleppo However, with the help of doctors
there, we can show you recent The background is that
the rebel-held eastern part of the city is under siege
and is victim to a sustained assault by the Syrian government; terror has
been rained upon the residents for days, surpassing some
of extremes of brutality Today, two hospitals were struck,
and it is inside a hospital, Many would say that
if what you are about to see is not classed as a war crime,
then it should be. John Sweeney has been looking though
the footage and obviously I should Imagine if your local hospital
looked like this. No water, no time to clean up the blood and where the
living live cheek by jowl with the dead. This is Aleppo under siege in
an underground hospital. The war in Syria gets more pitiless by the day,
the bombing of Aleppo is relentless. Early this morning, blasts from a
bomb caused concrete to fall on the intensive care unit in the hospital
and knocked out its oxygen generator. On Sunday, cluster bombs
some with a new factor marks by Russia, blasted Aleppo. The hospital
had 180 patients, ten died and on Monday 27 patients died, amongst
them seven children. We cannot check those numbers, but these images are
not make-believe. This is brain surgery carried out on the floor
because all the other bed in intensive care have been taken.
When a cluster bomb explodes, it fires out ball bearings and one
ended up here, according to this x-ray in the spine of this little
boy. A second came through the back of
this boy's head to end up behind his nose. A third landed in this
patient's liver. This fragment here, we are trying to extract it, without
injuring the elements of it. Oh my gosh! This is a big fragment here,
actually. This is from a cluster bomb. What are we looking at? This
man works for BBC Arabic and comes from Aleppo. He watched the footage
we have been sent. What is it like being a patient this hospital? You
have a very slim chance to survive. Because of the number of casualties
and injuries, they cannot cope. They leave the casualties on the floor
and they have to take care of the people who have the better chance to
make it. That is the only way they can cope. They are under constant
bombardment. Some of the images being sent from Aleppo cannot be
shown. The next picture is off, I think it is a child, it is a mess of
blood and concrete, the head may be decapitated. It may be one of the
worst things I have ever seen and it is on broadcast of all. There is a
problem with that. We are not sure we knew, the full horror of this
war, we are not able to broadcast it. The news from the hospital is
not all bleak. Two weeks ago, we saw this operation using a surgeon in
London who directed his colleagues how to build a new job for this man.
Now, he can talk. Tonight the life of this patient and
the children with ball bearings in their bodies are in the hands of the
doctors free Aleppo. That report was compiled by John Sweeney.
Earlier this evening, we got an internet video phone
connection to Aleppo, and I spoke to Ishmael al-Abdullah,
who is with the White Helmets, a Syrian volunteer rescue group.
I began by asking him whether most of the victims in Aleppo
The most victims in Aleppo city are children.
Because if you were a father and you are now in Aleppo city,
if you have kids, you will not leave the kids, leave your house,
and you will make them stay in your house.
And when the air strike targeted your house, eventually,
the kids will be under the rubble and will be injured.
Because we don't have any schools, anything.
and now they make them sleep more to consume less food.
And this is why most of the kids are the victims in Aleppo.
Ishmael, you have been to the hospitals that
Can you just tell us what you saw when you visited those facilities?
Actually, it's a big damage there, and destruction, and the nurse died
And the hospital - it's not the first time
Just three days ago, it was targeted, direct, actually.
Everyone who gets injured, the first thing they say, OK,
A dangerous place more than any place.
The doctors who are working in those hospitals, they're real heroes.
All that we have, just a few doctors in all Aleppo city,
they are moving from hospital to another hospital.
They stay in this hospital five hours, then they go to the other
And everyone, everyone who works in the hospitals now are heroes,
actually, because they are risking their lives,
and they know in any moment they can be killed
what is the situation in eastern Aleppo, quite apart
I came to a bakery today, and many people who were gathering
in the morning to get bread for their kids, for their families,
and they were targeted by the air strike, the mortars,
and many people died in that massacre.
Again, it's not the first time they targeted the bakeries.
A warplane was, and it still is in our sky,
Do you ever think, we should give in, we should let Assad
take this place over, because the siege
No, because most of the people who are staying in Aleppo city now,
When the road was open, they didn't go.
They stayed to defend, to say no to the bombing.
If the situation gets worse, I don't know.
Maybe we will say something else, but up to now, people
Ishmael al-Abdullah, thank you very much.
In Liverpool it was Jeremy Corbyn's big day: his second
An hour long, it was undoubtedly considerably more confidently
More cleverly populist in its themes; I thought more
aspiration, optimism and sunny socialist upland than you sometimes
get, and a number of specific ideas in there too.
But let's hear what our political editor thinks -
What did you think? This was the best speech by Jeremy Corbyn on a
national stage. One year into the job and after that challenge, this
was the most fluent performance we have seen from him. There were
messages for his critics who say you're only interested in leading a
protest group and he said that campaigning was at the heart of the
movement but it seeks to win power at a national and local level to
improve lives. He did have messages for his supporters, he said it was
right for him to apologise on behalf of the party for the Iraq war and we
did hear the word that dare not speak its name, socialism. As he put
at the party on an election footing, it appeared to be an attempt to
reach out to the wider electorate and really explain some of the ideas
and policies that would form the heart of an election campaign led by
him, allowing councils to borrow against housing stock to allow extra
homes to be built and encouraging children to learn an instrument
through an arts Pupil Premium programme. His critics say, you can
dream the greatest dreams, but unless you have economic
credibility, no one will take you seriously. Jeremy Corbyn was the
last act, what happens now? It looks like he will reshuffle his front
bench before he reaches agreement with the Parliamentary label party
on elections to the Shadow Cabinet. That will not happen until November.
I spoke to two former frontbenchers who say they will go back and some
of the people who are in favour of the elections oppose them a few
years ago and they think that around a dozen will go back. But there is a
much larger group of former frontbenchers who will not return,
they have appointed the chairman of the PLP as they're informal shop
steward and I spoke to one of them and they said we have heard about
the Olive tree but we have not seen the olive branches yet. They want a
clear undertaking from Jeremy Corbyn that he will discourage deselection
selections and move on those elections.
But everybody knows that is not the mainstream media that matters,
not the pundits, not the members, it is what the public think that
matters, which is why we sent Chris Cook to the marginal
constituency of Bury North, in the north part of Bury,
What did the folks there make of it, or at least the ones
who we enticed into sitting down to watch the speech?
Bury, on the outskirts of Manchester, was the home
of Robert Peel, a man who transformed the Conservative
And, in a pub that bears his name, we assembled a panel of voters
One is a new voter, and three are winnable voters who have
The issue that most divided this group was economics,
specifically, Mr Corbyn's plans for more public spending.
We've set out proposals for a national investment plan,
with 500 billion of investment, to bring our broadband,
our railways, housing and energy infrastructure up to scratch.
To borrow 500 billion, did he say, or million?
You've got to invest to get it back in. But what about the global
financial crash? I agree, but equally, what are we going to do?
Let the services like the NHS, our roads, you know, our
infrastructure... We need to invest. And build a fairer Britain in a
peaceful world. Thank you. CROWD CHEERS
We have to make sure that... No one would disagree that corporate
should be paying the right taxes. That's a given. I think adding an
extra percentage to national insurance for all businesses is
almost like throwing the baby out with the bath water, which is what
he does with a number of policies, like zero-hour contracts.
Mr Corbyn also set out a liberal position on immigration,
which this group was pretty relaxed about.
But they acknowledged others would disagree.
Where are they going to go? It's an island. You can see that that will
be a bit problematic. Precisely. It's not a racist point, it's...
Still, Mr Corbyn impressed this group of voters, even
I'd like to hear more about his plan to the economy, especially
borrowing. I agree that austerity hasn't worked, but we've also seen
that borrowing has worked in the past, so I'd like to see what his
plans are to make it work. I think that speech was sound bites for
people who feel left behind. I don't think it was the people who have an
opinion. There was no meat on the bones. What he said was great, but
nobody knows how he will do it. Would this make you more likely to
vote for him? Yes, now I've listened to him properly. With Tony Blair, I
never liked the blokes, but I voted for him because he was the better
option. Now I have listened to him, I will be carrying on voting Labour.
All in all, a positive verdict for Mr Corbyn's first speech in his
second leadership term. Joining us is Phil Collins
from the Times - a former speech writer for Tony Blair
and Paul Mason, broadcaster Good evening. Is it sellable, what
you heard today? No. One of the problems with the proposition Jeremy
Corbyn put out, was that every single clip had Jeremy Corbyn in it.
Leadership is a big problem. The speech itself was better than he'd
done before, and lots in it was entirely unobjectionable. I don't
mind that it's vague at this stage in the Parliament, as every leader
is vague at this stage. But I wonder whether a speech that could have
been delivered by Ed Miliband without Ed Balls' restraining
influence, whether that is sellable now when it wasn't sellable a few
years ago, I very much doubt it has changed. The salespeople will be
650000 and rising Labour members. I think we realise in that
conference... Those members are very energised and enthusiastic, and many
have been waiting many years to hear a Labour leaders say that free
market economics is over because it leads to inequality and unjust Wars,
and we are going to stop it. Into that pub will walk a labour
activist, and they will and a pint and hopefully people will come out
and vote for Corbyn. Was Corbyn your first choice for leader? He was
meant to go in 2018 and be replaced by somebody else more dynamic. It is
not so much meant to, but before the coup, that part around Lisa Nandi
and Owen Smith were discussing about how they position themselves if
Corbyn does a succession thing. That is stymied by... In fact, I think
history has been made. That will not happen now. Is it possible to put
together a leftist populist agenda. He's an outsider saying that we will
smash the system, as does Donald Trump. Can left-wing politicians
pull that off in the way that Donald Comp is pulling that off with
Americans? In this country, the answer seems to be no. There is no
warrant in British political history that this is the case. I cannot
imagine how the people of Bury North, who voted conservative only
months ago, will all of a sudden... How a labour activist will go into
the pub and make them change their minds. They are going to vote Tory
because they will make up their own minds, and the notion that they will
be enticed by a left-wing shopping list with no idea how he's going to
do it, that credibility gap is something that Corbyn needs to
address. How would you make it work? It's one thing you've got to go
through, economic credibility, before that... That is conventional
wisdom. He started talking about Bristol, Liverpool, Sadiq Khan. But
I object to the idea that this is left-wing populism. No left-wing
populist will have done what he did today, which was stand up and give
that pro-migration, down the line... It is what Labour working class
people do every day. They don't say, we understand your concerns over
migration. They say, mate, you are wrong. It is not the migrant's
fault, it is the boss' fault. Do you think that the argument over
economic profitability -- credibility, has that all gone now?
In the US, half the population seems to think you don't have to worry
about rational argument. In a year when the Bank of England printed 50
billion extra, to spend yet another ten on corporate bonds, that is 60%
of the 100 billion a year that Corbyn wants to borrow and leveraged
in with this national investment bank. I think we can explain way he
would get this money from. You think you can print it, don't you? My view
is that any objective observer of the relationship between fiscal and
monetary policy says, you do borrow what you can and you do print what
you can through the Bank of England. They are not saying that in Bury
North. The idea that this revolutionary zeal will come to
Britain and overtake Basingstoke, it is just not going to happen. When we
look back on this in a few years and we see that Jeremy Corbyn got the
entirely predictable 23% of the country... You are predicting 23%?
We will have you both back! Thank you very much.
The huge and troubled inquiry into child sexual exploitation,
The legal counsel to the inquiry, Ben Emmerson has been suspended.
But it seems the inquiry was concerned with aspects
There have already been three changes of chair,
What do we know about the relationship between Ben Emmerson
and everyone else involved. Ben Emmerson is the most senior person
on the enquiry. He has taken an active role in talking to a number
of survivors groups in gaining their confidence and participation in the
enquiry. There have been previous reports of friction. The Times
reported today he was actively considering his position, poised to
resign, we were told. We heard there was differences in opinion between
him and the enquiry's latest chair, Alexis J. She wants to keep the
enquiry as it is. We were told Ben Emmerson is in favour of
restructuring it to make it a bit smaller. We were told there were
differences in opinion. At about 8:30pm today, the news came that Ben
Emmerson had been suspended by the enquiry. They said, the enquiry had
recently become very concerned about aspects of Ben Emmerson's leadership
and he has been suspended. They added that if he does have concerns
about the structure of the enquiry, he hadn't conveyed them. This is an
enormous blow for the enquiry. The enquiry looks a bit jinxed. It keeps
losing people. It is on its fourth chair in two years. The latest one
is a social worker. Social workers... Survivors groups are
threatening to pull out. It is an appalling mess. Ben Emmerson said
tonight he would respond when he has had a chance to look at the
allegations. Since the referendum,
a lot of things have been said As the margin was so close,
any of a huge number of groups or factors can reasonably be said
to be decisive. But one proposition that has
gained some currency is that it was northern,
English working class votes Particularly, the folks who may feel
they have lost jobs or industries or identity,
and who wanted to be heard. Well, the Oxford academic,
Danny Dorling, a social geographer, thinks that
account has been overdone. He's a remainer, and he made this
short film for us to explain why it was as much the middle classes
who voted us out, as anyone. Tewkesbury is at the heart
of leafy Southern educated And in so many ways,
it is normally towns like this that hold the key to why Britain voted
to leave the EU. In almost all of England,
there was a narrow What people do not know is that 59%
of all Leave voters Of those, 34% of all Leave voters
were social Class A and B, Only 17% of all Leave voters
were skilled manual workers. The vote to leave Europe was largely
a middle-class English vote. Professionals were the only social
class group to vote the majority 57% across the UK but they
were such a large group of voters and turnout among them
was so high that they also constituted the largest
block of Leave voters. The Brexit vote has been
unfairly blamed on the poor. Geographers divide the UK North
and South, with a line that runs all the way from the Wash
right down to the Severn. Below that line, lay 52%
of all Leave voters. There are few places in the South
such as London and Oxford and Cheltenham, where house prices
are high and rents are high and you have to be doing
well to be able to live there and in those places,
the majority voted to Remain. Across the rest of the South
of England, a narrow majority of people voted to leave
in almost every place. And it is not just the middle
classes who voted for Brexit. A common myth has sprung up
that it was the lower classes, especially northern English voters
who swung the pendulum That it mattered this
much is fantasy. There is a caricature of elderly
voters, an affluent generation of pensioners, voting out
the hopes of the young. But, in fact, since 2012,
the life expectancy of elderly women It got worse in 2013 and in 2015
we had one of the largest rises in mortality that we have had
since the Second World War. If we wanted a health service funded
at the levels they have in Germany, we would actually have to spend
an extra billion pounds every week The old have not been doing well
in the UK in recent years. It is hardly surprising
then that older voters, more dependent on the health
and care services, found the ?350 Economically, in the 1970s,
the UK was one of the most equal large countries in Europe before it
entered what is now the EU. Tewkesbury may look like a chocolate
box setting, but like any English town of this size,
it is socially divided. It has its rich enclaves
and its poor enclaves. The UK is the most economically
unequal country in Europe, so perhaps it is not surprising
that it is the first country All is not well here,
the best-off 10% of people Nowhere else in Europe do
the best-off 10% take so much and half of that is taken
by the best-off 1%. Middle England is not a happy place,
it is not a healthy place. It has been pulled apart by more
than three decades of growing inequality, when push became shove,
a narrow majority across all of average England voted
for the only apparent antiestablishment
offer on the table. As does D'Maris Coffman
a Senior Lecturer in Economics What did you think of what Danny was
saying? I agree. We need to get away from the idea that the Northern
working classes are to blame. It is necessary to unpick this vote and
understand regional differences and ask whether it makes sense to
ascribe this simply to the Sunderland vote and the shock of
that and look for causes in the north. I am concerned about two
things, one is it is not clear what middle-class means in England,
everyone from a hairdresser to a hedge fund manager will say they are
middle class. He is suggesting this is a question of winners and losers
which is a way of reframing class and I wonder if that gets us as far
as we might think. That is true. What is middle-class? I have put a B
and C1 together, junior professionals. The key thing is that
there is a large group of people and the turnout was high so it really
did matter. Whatever the result was, there were more voters, but let us
be clear, the polling evidence, a BC one, 50 7%, the others 62% lead. You
can see why the world has captured this narrative -- Leave. Of those
who voted, the middle classes very large, the turnout is very large and
their key thing is if a few more of the middle class had voted Remain it
would have been Remain. There was the lack of support in comfortable
middle England for Remain and Baul was crucial. If you say that the is
large, it is how well that plays with the equality argument. The idea
that austerity is responsible for Brexit, it is worth understanding,
it hit the ball hard in the south but in Scotland where life
expectancy is the opposite, more people voted to Remain. They had a
different enemy, it was London. Some people are not feeling like that,
their children could not start a family and get a house. It is not
the best way of slicing up the population. I do have a different
explanation. I see it in terms of phrase and reactions to
multiculturalism and reactions to modernity. I think what is revealing
about the Ashcroft polls is that white Christians or 53% of them
voted to leave, at 70% of Muslims, two thirds of Asians, 80% of blacks
voted to remain, people who are not white English saw their futures in
the EU. We see that very explicitly in the poll, people who consider
themselves English, four at five wanted out. We have something
similar to what is happening in the US, where you are seeing on the one
hand, a resurgence of white nationalism. Is that class -based? I
do not think it is. The irony in the US is that people tend to blame the
Ku Klux Klan on the working classes but actually if you look at this
sort of issues where the harder Brexit MPs are from, these are
middle class people who have fantasies of an Anglo-Saxon pass,
they see England as exceptional and different from Europe, they are
subscribing to an idea that is just as exclusionary as the soccer
hooligans. They are areas that have not done as well as London. They are
being offered at continuation which does not look great. They are all
voting for something which they are told will be better and they voted
for the alternative which was not defined and it was a continuation of
being the underdog, things being difficult, schools are not getting
much better. In terms of inequality, I live in Lambeth, one of the most
unequal bearers, 80% voted to Remain and in London, you may be better
off. I am learning, you can cut it up in different ways, but there is
nothing that explains all of it. What do you think of the way
politicians are invoking their assumptions to say what sort of
Brexit we should have? Is that making sense? We really still do not
know. The interesting thing about this vote is how the money markets
did not predicted nor the spread betting, we cannot be sure what the
reason was for this and it is easy to say the public have said this or
that, but there is no solid reason. What we can say, it is not a north
and south divide, in large amounts, in the South of England, a lot of
people voted to leave and they were crucial. Thank you both very much.
Let's go back in time forty years, to a time when people wore corduroys
and believed in peace, love and the Age of Aquarius.
No, it's not more from the Labour Conference.
I'm talking about the era of groovy, far-out Prog Rock, when mastodons
of music like Pink Floyd, Emerson Lake and Palmer,
and Jethro Tull stalked the earth - and sold buckets of records.
The scene was often disparaged by the critics -
and that went for the fancy cover art of the music, too.
However, designers like Roger Dean, responsible for the artwork
of classic Yes albums, have had the last laugh.
His pieces sell for up to 5 million dollars.
On the eve of an exhibition at the Trading Boundaries gallery
in Sussex, Stephen Smith pulled on his loon pants and
People will think of Roger's work first, I think, if you mentioned
progressive rock artwork, they would go to Roger
I thought nothing could be more exciting than being involved in
designing the future, and that was a huge motivation
What was amazing at that time is that the future
At this gallery, and cafe, and furniture shop in the
Ashdown Forest, we found the great draughtsman of the future, Roger
As a young artist, he was offered the chance to do artwork
for the rock leviathans Yes, or Led Zeppelin.
Who would you say your influences are?
I see a little bit of Salvador Dali maybe, here and there.
I wouldn't really acknowledge any particular artist as an influence.
I was from aged 12 to 14 in Hong Kong.
Chinese watercolour, traditional Chinese watercolour landscape,
Before there was video, rock music or at least prog rock was about art
and the enigmatic geniuses who made it hid behind opaque artwork and a
curtain of care. We were not the Beatles any more, we were all
unknown, the band name often was not on the album sleeve. I am not quite
sure how we got into that particular frame of mind were somehow the audio
and visual and lyrical message was greater than the people but you can
walk into a room of 200 people with Genesis after having done a concert
with them and the members of the band could walk in and be unknown
because people did not know what they looked like. It took me years
to work out who Pink Floyd where! Hard to imagine kids, but this was
also before e-mail and misunderstandings could arise
between band and sleeve artist. The band were permanently argumentative
and part of the reason why the band was called Fragile, was because they
were going to fall apart. It was confused by Ian Howell and somehow
it was the earth that was fragile. I have a bit of a bomb cell for you
because Bill said that you misunderstood Fragile. I did
actually. Yes, a whole bunch of their album titles were about the
fragility of the band. Like prog rock itself, Roger Dean has never
been a darling of the arts establishment that he would not have
it any other way. I am not really part of what they do. I do not do
what they do and one of the joys of working with musicians is that they
celebrate and enjoy musicianship, the craft of the musician and the
creativity of the musician and that is not really obvious in the art
world and I would feel lost without that.
But we learned this week that the Labour leader now
has his own colouring book dedicated to him by the faithful.
It's been on sale at the Momentum event just outside
So with apologies to Andrew Lloyd Webber,
we leave you with Jeremy and his amazing
Anyone Who Had A Heart I closed my eyes, drew back the curtain. To see
for certain, what I thought I knew. Far far away, someone was weeping.
But the world was sleeping. Any dream Will do. I wore my coat. With
golden lining. Bright colours shining. Wonderful and new. And in
the East. The John was breaking. But the world was
In-depth investigation and analysis of the stories behind the day's headlines with Evan Davis. Features include the horrors of Aleppo from inside a hospital and the latest on the abuse inquiry. Plus Jeremy Corbyn speaks, prog rock returns, and did the working class really vote for Brexit?