With Evan Davis. What is the best way to deal with Russian twitter trolls? Plus a potential a coup in Zimbabwe, satire and the status quo, and Grenfell.
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Could you have known
that these tweets were spread
by one mischief-making
Russian Twitter account?
And that's the problem.
Garbage online, much
of it from Russia,
and deliberately designed to cause
trouble, is evidently polluting
public discourse not just
in the US, but here as well.
Can we stop it or are
we just forever stuck
with the Kremlin trolls?
Has perfected the art of driving
wedges into political systems and
their adversaries, and they've
perfected this in the 60s and 70s.
We've already passed about I think
ten tanks and it seems like more and
more are heading towards Harare.
Military vehicles heading
for the Zimbabwe capital.
For a moment, it looked
like the army might be booting
President Mugabe out today.
What is going on there?
Harare the military have threatened
a wreck intervention in the affairs
of the ruling party, adding a twist
to the raging power struggles over
who will succeed the 93-year-old
We'll hear live from Zimbabwe
about the struggle to succeed
the world's oldest head of state.
Hello, nice to meet you.
And visiting the UK
from the Philippines,
the niece of a victim of Grenfell,
meets her aunt's neighbours
to try to make sense of the tragedy.
For months now, we've gazed
at the US as it deals with apparent
in its political affairs.
Well, as we tend to do
what the Americans do,
but with a lag, it was only a matter
of time before concern about Russian
meddling would come here.
And come here, it really now has.
The Sun and Times are both reporting
tomorrow that the head of
the National Cyber Security Centre
says British energy companies have
already been hacked,
a clear threat to clean running
of our infrastructure.
That is one kind of problem.
Last night, the Prime Minister used
a rather interesting phrase
in condemning the Russians:
the country, she said, is attempting
to "sow discord in the West
and undermine our institutions."
In short, Russia has no agenda
but is just trying to cause trouble.
It's a rebel country
without a cause.
Now, you might say, why worry
about Russian fake news and election
lies, we generate plenty
of all that ourselves.
But we're divided enough
at the moment, without Russia
stirring things up.
So how worried should we be?
Here's our diplomatic
editor Mark Urban.
I own nothing in Russia.
America to France or even Catalonia
the accusations have been emphatic
that Russia has used information
warfare to disrupt western
democracies, so division and reap
By their own criteria
inside the machine, as it were,
which is doing this,
it's being seen as a major
success and, of course,
it's important for these particular
agencies within the military,
within the security apparatus to be
successful, to get more funding.
There's a good deal of competition
among the agencies in this business
so I think from a Russian point of
view, from the professionals doing
it, it's been a success.
But how does Britain fit into this?
This week it emerged
that messages like
this one on Twitter had come
from a bot or an automated account.
It was linked to Russia
and intended to
divide Britons and stoke
prejudice against Muslims.
Russia has perfected the art of...
Driving wedges into existing cracks
of political systems
of their adversaries.
And they've perfected
this art already
in the 1960s and 70s,
in the Cold War we used to call
these operations active measures.
Today, of course,
social media are a prime
of active measures.
Theresa May's tough talk on Russia
yesterday echoed that of
her intelligence bosses
earlier this year.
When the chief of MI6, speaking at
the service's Vauxhall Cross HQ made
that is at the heart of
globalisation can be exploited by
states with hostile intent to
further their aims deny belief. They
do this through means as varied as
cyber attacks, propaganda or
subversion of democratic process.
The Prime Minister's charge against
Russia is completely in line with
the assessments of her nonpolitical
intelligence chiefs. But, like a lot
of intelligence, it's short and hard
fact or specifics and what nobody in
Whitehall is alleging is that the UK
has come under a similar information
wars deluged to that which hit
America in the summer of 2016.
we've seen in the US is hacking,
leaking, and then amplification of
this content and social media,
including fake news. What we've seen
in Germany, France and the UK is not
so much hacking and leaking, almost
none of that, in fact, almost no
leaking, certainly, instead
amplification operations and social
media which tried to amplify wedges
came from the Foreign Ministry whose
spokeswoman added the prime Mr's
attack was an attempt to distract
from the problems of Brexited. In
unleashing social media, exploiting
hacked documents and financing
fringe parties, Russia may
destabilise the international system
in unpredictable ways.
They react as
they reacted to Prime Minister's
speech yesterday with denial and
ridicule. On the other hand they are
not very good at predicting western
responses to these actions. In fact,
very few actors are able to do that.
In Washington, Senate hearings have
brought to life hacking as well is
evidence of millions of bot accounts
amplifying Kremlin talking points
while masquerading as patriotic
Americans. While similar charges are
being made in the UK, the same
detailed case has yet to emerge.
We asked the Russian foreign
ministry to join us on the programme
today but nobody was available.
In a statement, the ministry said
Theresa May's comments
were "irresponsible and groundless."
"British society is
currently not going
through its finest hour due
to the ongoing process of exiting
the EU and internal splits.
It is understandable that
an external enemy is direly needed
to distract public attention
for which role Russia
has been chosen."
To discuss this, I'm joined
by the political analyst Matt Turner
from Evolve Politics
and Professor Anne Applebaum
from the LSE, she's written
extensively about Russia for years.
How serious a problem is the kind of
fake news, false tweeting?
Essentially, social media has been
created for this purpose. What you
can do using the analytic tools that
Facebook is you is addressed
different kinds of messages to
different parts of society. Russia
was probably the first major country
to understand how those could be
used to manipulate politics but I
think there will be many others. It
is a mistake to think this is just
Give me an example
about which you have concern of a
way in which the Russians have
successfully meddled in western
So, we now have had a
number of examples that have been
revealed during US congressional
hearings, for example of Facebook
website set up in places like Idaho,
where actual events were organised
and Facebook inviting people to come
and condemn immigration which turned
out to have been fake Russian
websites and they were being
operated from Russia.
Do you know
how money people turned up to these
In some of them, they did
turn up and stop one of the
difficulties, where I sense you are
going, it is difficult to measure
how well this works but then we run
into the problem of how you measure
any political advertising or any
advertising. Facebook has a funny
dilemma because they want to say
that none of this matters but if it
What is the point
of advertising on Facebook. Yeah. I
know you are a bit more sceptical
about how powerful this has all been
and how worried are you by the sorts
of things Professor Anne Applebaum
has been describing?
Are not as
worried as Theresa May. All those
social media over the past five
years has become more and more
relevant and prominent and more
people getting their news from
social media, that is what we've
benefited from, I want to stress
broadcast media and the traditional
print press have more of an
influence, it is where most people
get their news as opposed to social
media. I do believe that is changing
and people, including myself, and
Russia are taking advantage of that
but I think the British government
and traditional media are taking
advantage of that as well.
accept the Russians are doing this
stuff, they are throwing out all
this rubbish and trying to confuse
and divide? Do accept that?
sure. I've seen lists of Twitter
bots linked to Russia which is
undeniable but I dispute the
tangible impact that is having on
elections and public opinion. If you
look at studies done on social media
it specifies that it increases the
intensity of political engagement as
opposed to changing public opinion.
My initial starting point would be
that the people who believe the
anti-immigration message coming from
one to regard the people who already
believe that message. You're not
going to convert people with this
kind of stuff.
There are a couple of
things. Nowadays of course social
media often becomes broadcast media
or leads to mainstream media story
so it is difficult to separate them.
It isn't as if it is the people on
social media affected. President
Trump tweets, most people learn
about them because they are on
television. That is the way in which
they get across. It is important to
understand the Russian method, which
isn't blindingly original, is to
identify these very passionate and
and which can be found through
social media analytics. And then to
increase their energy, increase
their passion, persuade them to
vote, persuade their friends to
vote. On the other hand, persuade
others not to vote. They were using
these fake black lives matters
Facebook pages in the United States
to persuade potential Hillary voters
not to vote. I don't think anybody
is claiming that they have changed
our way of thinking. This is a way
of finding out what social divisions
already exist, working with them and
There is an
argument that people have used that
these have interfered in elections,
Brexit and Trump, and people will
say that as an excuse by people who
lost those elections.
something I would agree with. It is
an excuse, a hyperbolic one at that.
To be honest with you, much more of
a reason why the Clinton campaign
lost and they remain campaign lost
is because the campaigns would die
in the first place. It is dangerous
territory here when we go into using
the term Russia as a catchall phrase
to kind of justify the fact we
should show trust in our current
inept leaders and candidates when,
in reality, they are covering their
In terms of what we
should do about this, isn't the best
thing to do about this is tried and
educate everybody not to believe
everything they see online,
particularly a Twitter account where
the person doesn't have an ordinary
name or picture of themselves?
are just at the beginning of
understanding how this works. Think
about the invention of the printing
press in 15th century and how much
that changed politics and religion
and relationships between nations
over a number of years. We are at
the beginning of a process like that
now where this is going to change
everything, really, about the way
our institutions work. At the
beginning, one of the solutions is
going to be media literacy, teaching
people to understand it, down the
line beginning to understand how
these divisive campaigns work and
Do you agree on
I think the trouble which we
have here is essentially people are
already combating it themselves. It
hasn't impacted the election in the
first place. The snobbish
insinuation people are almost too
stupid to realise and are going to
take notice of a Russia Twitter bot
and change their minds I think,
again, that kind of inference is one
of the main reasons why people have
lost trust in establishment
politicians in the first place, the
insinuation people don't know what
Now, nation, take note,
we are about to give
you a fleeting look at our famous
Brexit countdown clock.
Because today MPs embarked
on the next stage of the Brexit
with line by line debate
of the EU Withdrawal Bill.
Two amendments attempt to enshrine
in law the date of Brexit.
One, from Labour's Frank Field,
set the date as 30th March 2019.
That one's gone now.
But a government one
enshrines the official date
of 29th March and the time
as, well, 11pm.
And as you can see, that is almost
exactly 500 days away.
If only we'd just put this
item 15 minutes later.
But it's not just the clock
giving us numbers today.
The parliamentary arithmetic
is on everybody's minds, too.
Are there enough Tory rebels
to defeat the government on crucial
aspects of the bill?
Meanwhile, elsewhere in Westminster
leading car makers were quoting some
pretty interesting numbers too
on how Brexit might
affect their trade.
Our political editor Nick Watt
is with me for the politics,
Helen Lewis, our business editor,
is also here.
Nick, take us through what happened
today on the bill and the numbers of
MPs who could prevail.
It was the
first vote at committee stage today
on the bill. A couple of
uncontroversial votes and the
government supports 318 MPs, not a
bad base but there is a
controversial decision to amend the
bill to put on the face of it the
exact date of withdrawal. Tory
rebels furious with that, they say
there was another amendment saying
the government would be able to
change the date through the stroke
of a pen known as the statutory
instrument. A number of Tory MPs say
they cannot support that amendment
and hear the front page the Daily
Telegraph, the Brexit mutineers,
reporting the rest 15 of these Tory
MPs who have informed senior party
figures that they cannot vote for
that. One of those the former
Chancellor Ken Clarke and he was
really annoyed when he was talking
about this this afternoon.
I am the rebel.
I espouse the policies
the Conservative Party has followed
in the 50 years, of my
membership of it until we had
a referendum 18 months
ago and I regret I have
not yet seen the light.
And I ask the government
to reconsider silly amendments
thrown out because they got a good
article in the Daily Telegraph,
which actually might do harm.
We have just had Remembrance Day.
I just simply want people to reflect
on the fact that for one moment
they might just recall the fact
that those millions of people
who died in both world
wars died for a reason.
It was to do with sustaining the
freedom and democracy of this House.
Derry have the Tory party warhorses.
But in the last hour were about to
get more votes on the continuing
role of the European Court of
Justice and Oliver Letwin has said
in that area the bill is a mess and
unless the government amends that it
would be massacred in the House of
Moving on to the business side, we
had car companies appearing before
MPs today, what did they have to
The headline grabber was Aston
Martin and they spoke about no deal
Brexit being semi-catastrophic in
their words. So cars built in the UK
are certified here by the UK
regulator and that certification is
valid overseas and recognised. They
said in an acrimonious no deal
Brexit they might have to shut down
production and find another means to
be certified. So that was the
doomsday stuff. Some numbers as
well. The numbers which illustrate
the challenge of planning, Honda, a
top five car-maker, 14% of
components come from the EU. That is
2 million components every day
arriving on 350 tracks. And that is
just manufacturing, the only keep
one of our worst of stock at its
factory in Swindon. So they're
thinking about how much stock they
need, where they store it, how to
cope with delays. And talking about
a 15 minute delay meaning eight and
£50,000 in extra costs. They think
it would take them 18 months to be
ready to leave the customs union and
deal with the extra customs volume.
So an insight into some of the
complexity around that.
move on to long-term trade deals we
have to get past go. And that means
getting out of these divorced talks.
Tell us what is going on there and
what we expect tomorrow?
Theresa May will be lampooning
European Parliament next week
because they must approve the deal.
She is meeting one member of the
largest centre-right party. And it
has been said there would be no deal
by December because the UK has got
to pay three times the amount
proposed. But interestingly today
William Hague in his Daily Telegraph
column said the government should
put a larger sum on the table
because he said it would unlock the
talks on the future, on the
transition. We taken seriously not
just because he's a former Foreign
Secretary but he said early election
when Theresa May was saying no early
Now there is confusion
tonight in Zimbabwe as to whether
there is a cool underway.
-- a coup.
It might be the end of the world's
oldest head of state,
93-year-old Robert Mugabe,
who's been in power
for over 37 years.
Military vehicles were reported
to be on the streets
of the capital, Harare.
In the end, it seems it was not
a coup, but something
is clearly up in that country.
It's all about who will
succeed President Mugabe.
His wife, Grace, is a front runner,
but to maximise her chances,
Mr Mugabe has knocked one or two
rivals out the way.
The commander of the defence forces
was angered by the sacking
of a vice-president,
and there is now a war
of words between the army
and the ruling party.
Where will it end?
The BBC's Shingai Nyoka
reports from Harare.
Military vehicles moving around
Harare today sparking a flurry of
social media activity and
speculation. So far it seems the
speculation was wrong. And this is
the reason for the tension. This
extraordinary press conference
yesterday was the first indication
that the military could be prepared
to break loyalty with its commander
in chief President Robert Mugabe.
must remind those behind the current
treacherous shenanigans that when it
comes to protecting us the military
will step in.
They're unhappy with
the sacking of long-term party
member Innocent. They believe the
former party is purging itself
former competence. In favour of the
It is pertinent that the
defence forces remain in respect to
the games of the struggle and when
these are threatened were obliged to
take corrective measures.
's independence came 37 years ago
and Robert Mugabe has been at the
helm. He is the world's oldest
sitting head of state and many
believe his power has been derived
from the military and war veterans.
They said they would not salute a
leader who did not fight in the war
against colonialism. Elections with
the opposition have been disputed
and often violent and in return for
their loyalty they have been
rewarded with lucrative mining deals
such as this in the diamond fields,
once jointly operated with the
Chinese military. But their position
is threatened now. And because of
her, Grace Mugabe is 52 and had
never fought in the war. She is on
Paula Jacklin about it. At this
rally a few weekends ago she
volunteered herself for an executive
post. Dashed she is unapologetic
about it. Sharp tongued, she has
often scolded military and war
veterans for holding the party to
ransom. Grace Mugabe has the backing
of the youth who said they will
defend the party against threats
from the military.
revolution and leader of the
President is a principle we are
prepared to die for.
appears to be falling on Zimbabwe 's
liberation war pass. War veterans
were arrested last year for --
arrested last year for calling
President Mugabe a traitor.
agreed that this national army which
developed from the guerrilla army,
it should have protected the
interests of the people, political,
economic and other way.
believe the stand-off with the
generals assist test of Mugabe's
This is looking like a sign
of weakness. Mugabe is considering
his position. There was this
conversation between party and
state. If you recall Mugabe two
years ago specifically thanked the
military for rescuing him and his
party from defeat in the elections.
So here has been quite comfortable
with the interference of the
military when it has been on his
behalf. Now the military looks like
interfering in politics against him
he being a bit more uncomfortable
As the politicians squabble
the economy is taking a tumble and
as ordinary people are hardest hit,
food prices are rising and
unemployment is at 90%. The
stand-off continues between the
military and President Mugabe. The
president has not commented on the
general statements but he has the
power to fire them. The country
waits for his next move.
Shingai Nyoka there.
Interestingly, of course,
the vast bulk of Zimbabweans have
never known any leader other
than Mr Mugabe, nor, indeed, has
the young nation of Zimbabwe.
So, where does this go?
Joining me now live
from Harare is freelance
journalist Rashweat Mukundu.
He was the director
of the Media Institute
of Southern Africa Zimbabwe.
And here in the studio
with me is Alex Magaisa.
He was a chief advisor to former
Zimbabwean Prime Minister
Mr Tsvangirai, you will remember,
was the opposition leader before
agreeing to join Mr Mugabe's
government for a time.
Just tell us who is in charge
tonight, is it Mugabe ordered the
That is the question that we
are all asking right now. And today
there's very little information on
what going on. The latest we have is
that from Facebook, Twitter post
that the military has taken over the
state broadcaster and surrounded the
residents of the president. But that
is not substantiated. So right now
there is a lot of information
floating around but without any
official statement. Were hoping to
hear from the military, if they have
taken over the strip broadcaster but
so far no statement has come. --
state broadcaster. So until that
time there will be this tension and
lack of information.
What is on
television at the moment, what is
the state broadcaster saying?
carrying on as if nothing has
happened. I think for the benefit of
listeners, there was a statement
from the ruling party. They're
condemning the military for
interfering in politics. And
insinuating that what the military
have done is treasonous. Right now I
was just watching the state
broadcaster and they're playing
music, there's no statement. They
did not have the national news, the
last bullet in the normally carry in
It appears what is going
on is an almighty power struggle.
For the job of Robert Mugabe.
Definitely. The situation is very
fluid as has been pointed out. No
one knows what exactly is going on
and it is not clear who was in
charge. This is a combination of an
intense succession battle that has
been taking place for two or three
years now. With the former vice
president who was sacked three years
ago and now another vice president
sacked last week and this is the
reaction from the military. Which is
critical of President Mugabe.
this is heightening tensions. Can I
ask in your preferred to be the next
president? One of these who fought
in the independence battle or Grace
Well both factions, one for
the vice president and the other for
the President's wife, they're both
Zanu PF through and through. So it
is a very difficult choice for
Zimbabwe. But at the moment my
observation is that the people are
opposed to the idea of Grace Mugabe.
Anything but the Maghaberry family.
Do you think you'd ever step down
voluntarily? Do you think he'd see
his time is up? He is going to be
taken out there by the army if he
needs to step down, isn't he?
never believe that President Mugabe
would retire voluntarily. My thought
has been that he would like to be
president for life. And what is
happening now we can now see a
pushback from some of his former
allies who are obviously very
frustrated by his rule.
amazing, very briefly, that he
hasn't sorted out a succession.
Absolutely, this is something we've
all been saying, he's had ample
opportunity to find a successor to
sort this out and retire, go out
into the sunset and enjoy his life
but he hasn't. And he has brought
all of this upon himself.
both for updating us about the
picture. Seems like a big night in
Let's take a Viewsnight pause now.
Two minutes without news,
but lots of opinion.
And today it's John O'Farrell,
author, comedy writer,
former Spitting Image writer,
indeed, and one time
Labour Party candidate.
His chosen subject?
It was five months ago today,
that Grenfell Tower caught fire,
became a national tragedy
and a symbol of some kind
of appalling British failing.
Now of course, in the aftermath,
there is an official inquiry,
a police criminal investigation,
and there are the coroner's inquests
into each of the deaths too.
Do these succeed in providing any
consolation to the friends
and relatives of the deceased,
in mind that many of those
who died came from abroad,
and that's where many
of their loved ones are?
From our coverage of the fire,
you might remember that one Filipino
woman, Ligaya Moore died on the 21st
floor of Grenfell.
Well, Ligaya had
a memorial service today.
Her remains, having now been
released by the coroner, will be
repatriated to the Philippines.
Our reporter Katie Razzall has spent
time with Ligaya's niece
on her visit to Britain,
as she tried to make sense
of what happened to her aunt.
Well, maybe Aunt Ligaya was
sleeping, maybe she didn't wake up.
Maybe she just stayed in her room.
So I think it would be much better
if she just died in her sleep.
And never experienced the pain.
May's aunt, Ligaya Moore, died
on the 21st floor of Grenfell Tower.
She was a very happy lady.
I couldn't imagine a very
happy person and a lady
who laughs very loud,
was silenced by fire.
She has come to London
from the Philippines
searching for answers.
Her aunt's remains were only
identified almost four
months after the fire.
They found a tooth that
they got from the flat.
And then they positively identified
that it is really Aunt Ligaya.
They told us that
the temperature of...
the heat was double
the heat of a crematorium,
so you could imagine that
really nothing could be
So it really took them
a while to identify Aunt Ligaya.
These are Aunt Ligaya...
these are the things
that we got from storage.
Actually I had at least six boxes
which I collected there.
And she has these letters,
these are some of the letters
which we sent her, actually.
May has chosen these to take back
to the Philippines as keepsakes.
Her aunt had married an Englishman
and was one of the first residents
of Grenfell Tower back in the 1970s.
These are the books
I think which she bought.
Yes, that's her
Her aunt put some of her
possessions into storage
some time before the fire.
These are recipes,
look how old it is.
I think she loved to cook
but when uncle Jim died, you know,
she never wanted to cook any more.
And that was ten years ago?
Yes, that was ten years ago.
Ligaya Moore was the 68th
person to be identified
in the Grenfell Tower investigation.
How soon did you let go of hope
that she might have survived?
Actually, we never did.
We never did.
We hold on.
Actually we hold on until...
Until finally the news came out
that she was positively identified.
We hold on because we still hope
that she might just be, she might
have had amnesia or something.
And she's here and
she's still alive.
So we never lose hope, actually,
until they positively identified
that she really perished
in the fire.
May's aunt and five other people
from Grenfell's close-knit 21st
floor died on the night of the fire.
Nine neighbours survived,
including Marcio Gomes,
who escaped the burning building
with his family and another.
They had been told to stay
put and await rescue.
But it never came.
May wanted to meet her aunt's
Hi, I'm Marcio.
Hi, I'm May.
Nice to meet you.
Nice to meet you.
How are you, May?
She was a lovely person.
As you know, anyway.
On that night five months ago Marcio
tried to knock on May's aunt's door.
But the smoke was too thick.
It is unfortunate that
she died like this.
It should never have
happened in the first place.
Yeah, it shouldn't have,
it shouldn't have.
Yeah, it's very painful.
I know, I know.
Especially that we were
miles apart from her.
Of course, because you
are in the Philippines.
I really don't know
what happened to her.
What she's doing, actually.
I presume she's sleeping
when it happened.
Yeah, I don't think she suffered.
It would have been on this side,
you see where the scaffolding is up.
She would have been exactly
where those poles are.
On that side of the building.
I'm very happy that
your family is safe.
Unfortunately we just
couldn't take everybody out.
Yes, we understand.
At least I think she
is watching over us.
She is watching over us, yes.
But it is kind of painful.
Too many emotions.
We have been through that
quite a few times now.
It never gets easier.
Yes, it doesn't.
Yeah, I agree.
You just learn how
to control it better.
They are united in grief.
Marcio and his wife Andrea escaped
Grenfell with their two daughters,
but their son to be,
Logan, was stillborn in hospital
as a result of the fire.
It looks like so insensitive
when you ask, how are you and how
are you doing, after what happened.
It looks like so insensitive
because I do understand.
Well, we are still
staying in a hotel.
And they've been, you
know, very kind to us.
They look after us.
It's quite a long time
staying in a hotel.
It's a hotel, you know.
It's not really a house
that you can...
No, you can't really move
on while you're staying in a hotel.
140 Grenfell households
are still living in emergency
accommodation, mainly hotels.
But I mean, it's not just us.
There are a lot of residents
still living in hotels.
I think it's about half
are still staying in different
hotels in different locations.
I do remember a few Christmases ago
I think it was where she came over
to us and knocked on the door
with mince pies.
Mince pies, yes.
Just to give to the girls.
And obviously for us as well.
But mainly for the girls.
And I remember she used
to come and bring us that.
Oh, thank you very much.
She used to love Christmas.
Yeah, she really used to enjoy it.
I just remember once
in the lift, I don't know,
maybe she liked her sweets as well,
she took sweets out of her bag
and gave them to the girls.
"And this for you two as well!"
You look like her.
I don't think that you do,
just that, it's exactly like her!
When she's finding something funny!
Every time we talk about her,
you learn something about her.
I think it's one way of accepting,
I think it's part of healing.
Now I understand why she loves
this country very much.
And she met the love
of her life here.
I really would say that she lived
a full life, she really
lived her dream, yeah.
That's it for tonight.
It's been announced just from the
last few minutes that Australia has
voted yes in a national vote on
same-sex marriage. I went for it by
61% to 39%. Emily is here tomorrow.
We leave you with the last seconds
of the much talked about Marks
and Spencer Christmas ad,
which the Advertising Standards
Authority has now confirmed
as cleared for broadcast -
despite Santa being heard
to say something extremely
offensive to Paddington Bear.
Apparently it's all in our heads.
I almost forgot. Merry