What next for the special relationship with the US? The DUP, the Irish border and Brexit. Plus NHS funding, artistic boycotts and selective mutism.
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This is a special relationship, the
relationship between America and
Britain and we are going to keep it
The special relationship
I'm grateful for the
opportunity to reaffirm the
importance of the special
relationship will be stronger.
part of our relationship... And and
this is not another only a special
relationship, to me it is essential.
That was then - this is now.
Where now for the
The fact that we work together does
not mean that we're afraid to say
when we think the United States have
got it wrong and be very clear
And I'm very clear that re-tweeting
from Britain First was
the wrong thing to do.
After an extraordinary 24 hours
of tweets and tiffs,
we'll examine the future
for London's relationship
with Washington and Trump.
Also tonight, are the Brexit talks
threatening Theresa May's
alliance with the DUP?
Last night I reported on the UK
Government's ideas for solving
the Irish border question.
Today their Northern Ireland
partners were in Downing Street.
She is, at home, a typical teenager.
But then when she leaves the house,
The anxiety disorder so severe it
renders many children speechless.
We have access to a therapy camp
for sufferers of selective
mutism in New York.
It was phrase coined
by Winston Churchill in 1946 -
but 71 years later is there really
a "special relationship"
between America and Britain and,
if there is, how does a President
promoting far-right videos
and questioning the British
Prime Minister on Twitter affect it?
This is now a very 21st century
diplomatic conflict -
with British government ministers
taking to social media to attack
Donald Trump and the President
responding in kind.
Today Theresa May resisted calls
to cancel a state visit to Britain
planned for Mr Trump and -
choosing her words carefully -
said that the President's retweets
yesterday of Britain First
material was wrong.
But can the UK really do anything
to stay close to the world's
economic and political super-power?
And should it want to stay
so close whatever emanates
from the White House?
Here's our political
editor Nick Watt.
Three very different prime
ministers, but they all had one
memorable moment in common. Each had
a run-in with a US president, and
yes, that did include the iron Lady.
Has Theresa May joined the ranks of
those past Number Ten troublemakers,
following her very public
disagreement with Donald Trump?
President Trump igniting a
firestorm. A series of tweets today.
What is happening and what you think
the consequences are?
there was powerful condemnation of
the President in Parliament.
Offensive to all decent British
Donald Trump is actively
sowing seeds of hate in our country.
The president of the United States
and talks about fake news, actually
re-tweeted fake news.
Theresa May made no secret of her
Britain First is a
hateful organisation. It seeks to
spread division and mistrust among
our communities. I'm very clear that
re-tweeting from Britain First was
the wrong thing to do.
This row is
all a far cry from the warm days of
Theresa May's first visit to the
White House, when she followed the
rule book of recent predecessors who
have helped US President's close.
This Prime Minister moved that
particular speed, because she had
hoped the harness President Trump's
and used as for Brexit to accelerate
a new trade deal for the US. That
new era in the Anglo-American
special relationship was meant to
begin here with the opening of the
new US embassy by the River Thames.
He was supposed to perform the
ceremony? That would be Donald
Trump. But his visit across the pond
is being delayed and delayed and
delayed. This might all seem
surprisingly bumpy but we have been
here before. The building this one
is replacing over the Thames in
Grosvenor Square, came to symbolise
one of the most difficult periods of
that relationship in the 1960s.
Tempers flared at the height of the
Vietnam War, even though Harold
Wilson had refused a request by
President Johnson to send troops.
the height of the Suez Canal
A decade earlier, Anthony
Eden had incurred the wrath of
Washington during the Suez crisis.
And then there was Margaret Thatcher
who did occasionally stand up to one
Drake and in private. So how has
Theresa May handled her own row?
Give anybody credit for speaking up
when it's required. And I think of
for her for doing that. I'm being
careful about not criticising my
president and favouring another over
him, but, you know, I say good for
her. I wish more Republicans in
America would stand up against a
tweet like that from the president.
I would not expect the Prime
Minister to respond in the kind of
chaotic Twitter way that the
president of the United States has
attacked her, I think that would be
completely inappropriate. But I
would expect her to have an
extremely firm behind the scenes
response, because this is completely
unacceptable from the president
about what should be our greatest
ally. And he also needs to be urged
to take the tweets down, and also to
understand why it is so damaging to
be promoting a far right extremist
group like that, and I am concerned
that really there has not been a
clear sense from the government
about what action they have taken
from the White House on this.
Battered and bruised or living to
fight another day? Where does this
row leave the special relationship?
I think it is bigger than any one
day or anyone fight. It has endured
through however many prime ministers
and presidents on both sides, and I
think it still will. It is really
built in our connections with each
other as people and the country and
values that we share.
Over so many
years, our two countries together
have stood firm against both far
right extremism and jihadi extremism
and will continue to do so, but we
have to continue that special
relationship through our
institutions, throughout Corporation
and not think it means actually
pandering at the individual level to
a president who is behaving in a way
that is really damaging to our
With its commanding
views over London, a new US embassy
should be the perfect base to usher
in a new era in the Anglo-American
special relationship. First of all,
there's Riverside diplomats may have
to work on a basic repair job.
Nick Watt there.
And this story is unsurprisingly
dominating most of
the papers tomorrow.
A couple here for you.
The Telegraph has a story which Nick
mentioned in his piece, there -
they're reporting that
Donald Trump's 'working visit'
in January has been cancelled.
It says the president had been due
to make a scaled-down trip to meet
Theresa May but that it's now been
kicked into the longer grass.
The Mirror has a striking front page
- a full banner with an image
of Mr Trump.
'Unwanted' is their headline.
Our diplomatic editor
Mark Urban is with me now.
Mark, it is quite remarkable, you
have been covering diplomatic spats
and rows and conflicts over many
years. Now this row over 240
characters on Twitter, have you ever
seen anything like this, and what is
the challenge for the British
government when they are looking at
how the president is behaving?
could argue if you're being
Machiavellian that sometimes a bit
of friction is quite useful. A lot
of people in the Foreign Office,
when you are covering at prime
ministerial visit to the White
literally roll their eyes when the
press start asking questions about
the special relationship, they
regard it as a media of session. A
lot gets debated between a special
relationship and the special
relationship which is the phrase
Churchill used. Abel would recognise
that it is a special relation ship,
the connections of the anglers fear,
comment economics and other things,
but it is not the special
relationship as it was at the end of
the war. I think the real bastions
of it is still in the areas where
there are things which may deals can
do with the UK. GCHQ signals
intelligence, the Trident nuclear
submarine deterrent, those are areas
where it has a real beating heart
and it is Internet at cooperation,
but so many others, this type of
thing can be helpful in undermining
the poodle perception which people
were so worried about under Tony
Is there more diplomatic
risk. Is Donald Trump cooled to
Britain and signalling his anger
almost about Theresa May and the way
Britain behaves on certain issues?
Is this simply badinage and does not
matter much or is there something
more significant underlying?
trying to say to the Prime Minister
did school me, focus on your
problem, as he would see it of
Islamic militancy, rather than
having a go at me. In that sense it
is a bad-tempered early-morning
typical trump tweet. But I can
remember when President Obama came,
the feeling was because of his
memoir about his father, his
experiences in Kenya, he had an
ambivalent attitude towards Britain
and British power and he would be a
difficult customer. I think in some
ways, President Trump's instincts
are more instinctively pro-British.
But in terms of it being a special
relationship rather than the special
relationship, the Americans regard
Germans as being economic and
political partners of choice in
European matters. The French, in
many of those military situations,
for example I was talking about
special forces cooperating in Mali,
thus Hell, Iraq and Syria, our
special forces are uneasy about the
degree to which those are being
cemented because ever since Britain
bailed early in southern Iraq, the
Americans have had an ambivalent
attitude towards the UK.
is the issue about the visit to the
And the Bastille day with
Joining me now in the studio
is Baroness Neville Jones,
who was Minister of Security
when Theresa May was Home Secretary.
In Washington DC we are joined
by Mica Mosbacher who was
a national surrogate
for the Trump presidential campaign.
Baroness Neville Jones, can we start
with you, do you feel Theresa May
has handled the situation well?
Should she have been more direct?
Sajid Javid, the Communities
Secretary, was very clear about what
he described Britain First as being
a vile hate field organisation, very
aggressive on Donald Trump usher a
vile hate filled organisation.
was right, she is the Prime
Minister. Sajid Javid said he was
attacking people like him. Theresa
May made her point effectively and I
would advise that it as it as far as
she's concerned. I don't think she
should engage in a slanging match or
demean herself by having a further
round of an pleasant exchange. There
is too much at stake, apart from
anything else, and I think that what
we witnessed with Trump, is that
part of his reaction has to do with
the fact that this kind of tweet and
this kind of comment has to do with
sustaining his political base at
home. I don't think it has much to
do with foreign policy at all. I
don't think he particularly cares
about the effect on the outside
world. That is not a luxury that is
open to us here. I think that it is
another reason for innocence
discounting it. I think get on with
foreign policy. What Mark said about
the special relationship is
absolutely right. It is an iceberg.
There is something that is visible
on top, and normally it is a good
relationship between the president
and the Prime Minister with two
heads of government, and you have
this great enormous activity which
goes on which is largely unseen.
That goes on now anyway. Could it,
if we had a long prolonged period of
really frosty relations at the top,
would that affect the relationship
down below? Yes, I think it would. I
don't think that is the situation we
are in but we need to be careful.
Is it correct that despite the
controversy that President Trump is
creating by retweeting be Britain
First video, true or not, as his
spokeswoman said, should he be
extended the courtesy still other
State visit here? Is that really the
right approach? The public might not
understand the politicking about
this, the man will ride on the coach
down the Mall.
The invitation has
been extended. It might be a bit of
an albatross but it has been
extended. I think that it is a very
serious act to remove it. That is an
act of state and very personal. I
think you don't. That is something
you don't go. I think it might give
us a really nice catharsis but it is
not a sensible act of state. The
question of, when and how he comes
and in what circumstances... It does
come up in the context of Prince
Harry's wedding. This is an issue
anyway, even if the Prime Minister
had not invited him.
Thank you. Can
I bring you in, can you understand
how the shock here, the President of
the United States has retweeted a
far right organisation, the White
House official spokeswoman has said
it is not the point whether these
videos are true or not, can you
understand that on the side of the
Atlantic is total shock and a high
degree of anger and, frankly,
discussed about what the President
The President's tweeds
are strategic and what he is saying
is that Theresa May, you have a
problem. According to the 2011
census we have over 2,660,000
Muslims in the UK, you have had
unprecedented levels of terror
attacks under Theresa May's watch.
One of the leading terrorist experts
are stated that over 47,000 Muslim
extremists have been identified.
What the President is trying to do
is elevate this problem to an
international discussion. Theresa
May and the UK are like family, what
is happening in a way is a sort of
sibling rivalry. It has succeeded in
elevating an international
conversation and we are America
first but not America alone.
numbers will be disputed and some of
the points about Muslim communities
here but whatever the arguments
about that, is Twitter really the
right way to communicate Follies
delegate and serious issues? Could
the President not simply have spoken
to the Prime Minister on the phone
about his concerns, rather than this
approach that critics have said is
He is not politically
correct and he is a businessman. And
here's to come from a position of
strength to protect American
borders, especially in the fact that
we cannot that certain individuals
coming from five countries that are
hotbeds for terrorism and that
simply is a problem in the UK, from
what I understand you are bringing
in Syrian refugees seeking asylum
and they cannot possibly have been
vetted thoroughly. The problem that
is originating in the UK with
terrorism is something that does
concern the United States,
especially in terms of protecting
Americans. That is why he is
including Americans in this
conversation and the general public
worldwide, instead of appeasing
enemies or not getting into any
discussion, he welcomes... You
referenced Churchill earlier.
Remember President Obama stored the
bust of Churchill in some dark
closet and the first thing President
Trump did was to bring this boss
That is actually disputed.
Thank you very much. -- bring this
bust out. Thank you both for your
This week's movements in Brexit can
be summed up in two words -
"money" and "Ireland".
The cash, it seems,
for now is sorted -
with Britain's negotiators
reportedly agreeing at least
the outline of a divorce
bill with Brussels.
The future for the Irish
question is less clear.
Newsnight reported from Dublin
yesterday about the tricky questions
which persist over customs
and border arrangements
between Northern Ireland
and the Republic once Britain
leaves the EU.
Today there were reports
of a potential breakthrough,
but not, it seems, on terms which
might meet the approval of the DUP.
They are partners of
Mrs May's Conservatives
in government, remember -
and they responded by hinting that
if they didn't like what they heard
then they might pull the plug
on the deal.
Nick Watt is here.
Tell us a bit about what the
reaction has been to the initial
idea that there was new progress on
this idea of the Irish border and
Northern Ireland could have a
slightly different relationship with
the Republic and the UK could still
be in float of outside the customs
and single union?
Last night I was
hoping the government would use the
principles of the Good Friday
Agreement who try to unlock the
deadlock in this issue and they were
talking about taking those elements
of cross-border co-operation and
embedding them into the agreement
with the EU so animal health, into
the area of agriculture and the
single energy market on the island
of Ireland. All fine. The Times
reported some of that but they went
further and said there was growing
confidence in Dublin that there
would be an avoidance of regulation
array divergence between Northern
Ireland and the Irish Republic. The
DUP not amused, I spoke to Ian
Paisley this evening and he said
that idea in Dublin is largely
blarney and a DUP delegation went
into Downing Street to see the Chief
of Staff and they got an assurance
that the UK government will ensure
that Northern Ireland does not
remain in the Customs Union and in
the single market, it will go out
with the EU with the rest of the UK.
The point is, the UK government was
never going to do that so it is a
strawman, there is a very close
relationship between the
Conservative whips and the DUP
whips, they are keeping the DUP
informed so in that element I think
it was a bit of a confected anger.
When the DUP be angry even at the
notion of energy and agriculture
links? Is that not the thin end of
The UK government view is
this can be sold to the DUP because
earlier this year they wouldn't
government with Sinn Fein dealing
with those cross-border issues.
Animal health, you have to be
careful, the DUP would say, on how
far you go on agriculture because
there canopy complete compliance.
Thank you. -- there cannot be.
The Chancellor insisted
in the Budget last week
that he was giving more money
to the NHS in England -
and plenty of it.
But the £1.6 billion he offered fell
short of the £4 billion
the NHS' Chief Executive,
Simon Stevens, had asked for.
Today Mr Stevens said the shortfall
meant the health service
could neither fund nor
meet its waiting times next year.
For the first time, the NHS
will also ignore new best
practice guidelines issued
by the National Institute for Health
and Care Excellence unless funding
has been agreed in advance.
The Health Secretary,
Jeremy Hunt, hit back,
saying the NHS has enough funds
to meet its obligations.
A major fight is building.
Here's Chris Cook.
The NHS had some clear demands
for last week's Budget.
£4 billion next year,
just to begin with.
But they didn't get
what they wanted.
We also recognise that the NHS
is under pressure right now.
I am therefore, exceptionally
and outside the spending review
process, making an additional
commitment of resource
funding of £2.8 billion
to the NHS in England.
So why does the NHS seem
to need so much money?
NHS demand is a tide that comes
in and never goes out.
Since 2010, the number of people
going to English A&E
departments has risen steadily.
We have an ageing and growing
society which requires an ever
rising quantity of care.
Since just 2010, we have 250,000
more people going to A&Es
every single month.
Today, the NHS England board says it
thinks it can't keep up with this
demand on this Budget.
The additional funding
is obviously helpful,
given the very significant financial
and operational pressures
that we face next year.
But even with some pretty ambitious
assumptions around efficiency,
our assessment is that it
won't enable the NHS to deliver
all of the expectations
which are placed upon it
while living within its means.
This will be a running battle as NHS
England re-negotiates its so-called
mandate for next year.
It is given money on the basis
that it hits its targets,
but it's really hard to see how
the NHS will do that
again in the near term.
Let's look at the Accident
and Emergency target.
This graph shows how
many patients are dealt
with within four hours of arriving.
The target is 95% of them.
So, here's 2011-12.
The graph starts at left,
in the summer, moves through a drop
in performance in the winter
and then, at the right-hand
side, it bounces back
in the spring of the next year.
Here's a few years on.
It's the same rough annual shape.
We start off lower down
and the dip is much bigger.
Here, though, is 2015-16.
A dip in the winter
and then no recovery.
That is how we got
to where we are today.
Heading into the winter a long way
behind where we want to be.
Today, urgent care was listed
as the top priority.
First and foremost, people look
to the NHS to provide safe
and responsive urgent
and emergency care services.
So we've got to make sure
those are funded properly
going into next year.
A&E, though, isn't the only target.
92% of people should be dealt
with by a consultant
within 18 weeks of referral.
Now, let's look at how
quickly the top 92%
of patients are actually seen.
This is the so-called
If the line is below that
dotted 18 week mark,
we are meeting the target.
At the moment, though,
we are above it, by about two weeks.
Two weeks of 18 is a big miss.
Jeremy Hunt this afternoon
said that he expected
the targets to stay in place.
We will see.
NHS England was founded in 2013
as an entity independent
from central government,
to take the politics out of hell.
-- out of hell.
Instead, it's turned NHS England
into a political force that can
inflict damage as well as heal it.
Selective mutism is an anxiety
disorder which can deprive children
of the ability to speak
when they want.
For the young people affected,
and their parents,
it can cause emotional heartbreak -
leading to isolation
and hindering development.
Finding ways to help the children
can be controversial.
A clinic in New York organises some
an intensive therapy camps
for teenage and older children
who are sufferers,
run over five days.
Critics say that puts too much
pressure on those taking part
and instead they should be helped
and supported in a more gentle way.
A BBC Our World team was allowed
inside to hear from parents,
and their children, about living
with the condition and to see
the progress they can
make in a short time.
Is it easier to talk
to your mom or at school?
Or it's the same?
You see this fear overcome her.
She is not talking
to anybody in school.
It's affected her whole life.
It's very, very difficult.
Welcome to We Speak!
All of you guys are here
because in one way or another,
anxiety is impacting your life.
Selective mutism is an anxiety
disorder where kids have difficulty
talking in certain situations,
so they look like normal kids
at home and when they are in a state
of anxiety, then they just kind
of shut down and freeze.
For kids with SM, the longer
that they go without talking, then
the harder it is to start talking.
We've got to work for our prizes...
Annalisa is very funny.
I wish people could
see that, you know?
She is, at home, a typical teenager.
But then, when she leaves the house,
Is your name Annalisa,
Lexi or Shelley?
Diagnosed at the age of five.
I went home and googled it.
And then cried.
Because I realised she was different
and it wasn't just shyness.
And it's affected her whole life.
I'm hoping that she'll be able
to lead a normal life.
Get married, have children,
have a job, go to college.
But a lot of that hangs
in the balance over will
she be able to talk?
Do we conquer anxiety by doing
the thing that makes us anxious?
The cause of selective mutism
is kind of a combination
of environment and genetics.
And parents, they will kind of jump
in and either answer
for the child or they might say,
it's OK, honey, you
don't need to answer.
So through that process,
the child is actually learning
to avoid the situations that
make them anxious.
So, on video games, you can
tell your parents, excuse me,
I'm just trying to learn
problem-solving skills here.
James talks to me and his dad
and his brother and my parents.
And that's really it.
Nobody at school.
Let's jump out!
It's very hard.
At points you feel angry
because you don't know how
to help him and when there is no
help out there and no one knows
what to do and the teachers think
he is just defiant and just doesn't
want to speak and you
know it's not true.
I feel like this week
is make or break it.
I don't want to say our last chance
because I would hate to say that.
But I really do think we need this
right now and we need
it to be successful.
Chelsea is going to ask
you the question as yes or no.
Does that make sense to you?
So, for Annalisa, I can
feed her a line of,
you could ask me this,
and then she will ask me back.
But no spontaneous
utterances thus far.
You can ask the question here.
Where is the jalapenos?
In the produce aisle, awesome.
Great job asking, that was
so awesome and clear.
Did it feel a little
scary or really scary?
You don't know.
What I said was either sit down...
Sometimes I advise parents to write
letters to their kids.
Because they don't have to do
the interpersonal stuff,
they can read it and reread it.
People say, what's the researcher
evidence for this?
We're not quite there to be able
to say, you can take it to the bank,
this is going to work.
But we are confident about tweaking
the programme to make it work.
This afternoon, our group
is going to Battery Park,
so all of the kids will be
communicating with each other
and with someone else
out in the community.
So this should be exciting!
So just say, let's ask.
Just start it off.
You're watching this child
who I know can talk and I know
he wants to talk and he just can't
get it out.
I've asked him before,
where are your words?
Why can't you get your words out?
And he will say, they're
stuck in my head.
I can't get it out.
When his words get stuck
in his head, my anxiety level really
does increase and I feel
like I want to grab him and hug him
and make it all better.
We need them to actually experience
the anxiety in these situations
and get through it for them to see
that they can.
What is it?
Statue of Liberty, yeah!
We would love for James to have just
a friend to talk to.
I can't imagine going through life
and not having a friend.
Annalisa blows me away.
She was up there in front
of an entire class.
Did you guys go to the museum
with your parents or
without your parents?
Without your parents.
Did you guys talk in the museum
or were you silent?
We talked about the flavours
on the High Line.
We then talked about
what flavours we love.
Everyone could hear her and she
answered everyone's questions.
I'm so lucky to get
to hang out with her.
We made a million
If she is able to start
the new school year able
to raise her hand and say here,
then the kids in the class
know that she can talk.
That would be the first time
the kids in the class
ever hear her voice.
That is massive progress.
I have to say, when I saw her little
presentation, it almost
brought tears to my eyes.
I was very happy.
We were being fully engaged
and playing Monopoly.
I never thought that James would be
able to stand up at the end.
Just even standing in front
of 20 parents and getting
a certificate, not speaking.
I mean, that was impressive.
I was concerned that he might not
speak to his one mentor.
It does look like they are tiny
steps, but in reality
for James, they are huge,
enormous, great leaps.
This is not a cure for these kids.
This is the start of their journey
to overcome and challenge their SM.
That film by producer Harriet
And you can see a longer version
of that film about selective mutism
on Our World on the BBC News Channel
next Saturday and Sunday
evenings at 9.30pm and,
of course, on BBC iPlayer.
Increasing social mobility
is a policy challenge that
all governments tell us
they want to tackle -
yet we know that there are huge
variations across the country
in outcomes for the
The television presenter
June Sarpong went back to her school
in East London to see what they did
there to help her get ahead.
When Theresa May spoke at the
Conservative Party conference of
reigniting the British dream, my
hope was that her talk would lead to
urgent action. Research by the
London School of Economics reveals
diversity and social mobility has
ground to a halt. Only 4% of
doctors, 6% of barristers, 11% of
journalists and 12% of solicitors
and from working-class backgrounds.
These are all my contemporaries.
Here I am! My journey and my
experiences have given me the
opportunity to take a 360 degrees
view on this issue. Sadly, my story
is far from the norm, but I believe
we can all be beneficiaries, if we
do diversify. Recently, the
government released its race
disparity audit, and as welcome as
that was, and we know the problems,
the things I found depressing was
that there were not any solutions
offered. I have come back to East
London where I grew up, to
show how I feel my story represent
social mobility when it is done
right. I'm here at my school which
is Connaught School for Girls, which
is an ordinary state school, but
what it did have was aspiration. Our
schools should be a microcosm of
society. At Connacht will came from
diverse backgrounds but we knew the
best was expected from us and we
strove to achieve it. Good to see
He did not do GCSE textiles.
You were good in the lower school.
Connaught's progress levels are
above the national average. The
Allan Nyom include Asha Philip 's in
athletics. This is all from the
school where they descent of pupils
receive free school meals. Sally
Walker taught at the school and
returned three years ago a head
teacher. How do you feel in terms of
social mobility? Schools like this
are the first stop. It is here that
someone's mind is possibilities then
their background wouldn't ordinarily
Really throughout curriculum,
our pastoral work and our assembly
programme, by talking to girls in
the school and the playground, we
make them believe they can succeed
through hard work. You do have to
work with them but your world is
your oyster and you can go out there
and do something for yourself.
believe creating a diverse upwardly
mobile workforce begins in the
classroom. When you look at the
outcomes that have been able to
happen in this very small community,
these are the sort of example is the
government should be looking to
replicate and scale throughout the
You walk along the
corridors and half of them have got
Paula is not alone in the
squalor of this estate, a relic of
It is not just education.
How we live is a key factor in
social mobility. I was raised in the
80s on this housing estate, at a
time when people like us felt
neglected and forgotten by the
Paradoxically the scheme to
patch up the estate is only £30
million less than knocking it down
and starting again. Despite the
decision blocking that, residents
and councillors say they will
continue their uniquely close
relationship and fight on.
the former site of the Cathall
state. When I grew up here it was
one of the roughest housing estates
in East London. It was torn down in
the early 2000 and replaced with
what you see now. An example of
social mobility done right when you
raise living standards. The
close-knit and diverse community I
experienced as a child in
Walthamstow helped shape my sense of
belonging and also provided a
support network. When I was growing
up, this was the hub of the
community. The market stall holders
were mainly white working-class
survivors of the Second World War.
They were community minded and they
welcomed diversity and families like
mine. Walthamstow has changed
considerably over the last 30 years.
Globalisation and gentrification
have meant the incomes that these
markets stallholders once learned
are no longer what they were. And
unfortunately, the Community
Cohesion Minister I experienced
growing up no longer exists either.
Do you think people still mix like
David before?... Know, before it was
English, yes, and you have no space
even to walk the street. But now, I
think no English people in the
market. Or Asian, Turkish, Indian.
No English. Why do you think there
is no English?
It is the main thing
because the house prices are going
up. They sell their property and
they go to a different town.
friends were nearby, there must have
been 20 of them here but they have
all gone because they can't make
ends meet. It is tough, very tough.
They have all gone. People come up
and they ask how much it is and
unfortunately you have to do sign
language, because they can't speak
Social inequality needs to
be tackled by our institutions with
the same vigour that segregation and
races were in the latter decades of
the 20th century. We need to charge
the arms of our government machinery
to work together and more
effectively for the common good. And
I firmly believe we need an
education system that provides a
clear pathway unemployment, social
mobility and financial stability for
June Sarpong there.
And that's all we have
time for tonight.
Emily is here tomorrow - goodnight.