10/01/2017 Outside Source


Ros Atkins with an innovative take on the latest global stories.

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Hello, I'm Ros Atkins, this is Outside Source.


Let's look through some of the main stories here in the BBC Newsroom.


Jeff Sessions, the man who wants to become


Donald Trump's Attorney General - has been grilled by Republicans


He's rejected allegations of racial and accepted that same-sex


marriage and the right to abortion were the law of the land.


President Obama has taken off from Washington. He has headed to


Chicago, where he will make his farewell address McCormick


Convention Centre. We will look at this in a moment.


And our technology reporter is going to look at how the US military is


using many drones. An incredible story in about 15 minutes. -- is


using mini-drones. President Obama is preparing


to give his farewell address in his hometown Chicago in a huge


convention centre These are the last few days of his


time in the White House. It is in a huge convention centre.


He returns tonight to the city where he gave his acceptance speech


You will all remember those pictures. Where Laura Chevenement


was in Chicago was so wildly, we had to abandon those plans. This is what


Gary O'Donoghue told us earlier. In a sense, it will


mark President Obama's last chance to sum up, really, what he thinks


he's achieved. Two big end his presidency, to try and not just to


list his achievements as he sees it, but try and weave together those


achievements into some sort of idea of how America has improved over the


last 80 years, in his view, under his stewardship. There will be a lot


about the economy, the jobs. There will be a lot about criminal justice


reform. I am sure of course there will be talk about his signature


policy on health care reform. There may be an admission about what he


would have liked to get done but he didn't, such as comprehensive


immigration reform and gun controls. I told you it was windy and I think


it got worse, which is why Laura had to take cover.


To mark President Obama's imminent departure from the White House,


our North America editor Jon Sopel has one made two special reports.


The first looked at what the President did


There was always something upside down about Barack Obama receiving


the Nobel Peace Prize before he had really done anything as president.


When he came to office, one the greatest strategic threats


was Iran, a resurgent power in the region.


But more important than that was securing a multinational deal


to curb the nuclear ambitions of Tehran, an agreement was struck


despite fierce opposition from the Israeli Prime Minister.


When the Israeli Prime Minister came to address Congress two years ago,


there was fury in the White House, they were angry that an invitation


had been extended by Republican leaders and accepted


But very soon, someone much more to the Israeli Prime Minister's


liking will be occupying the White House and the quest


in the world is asking, will the Iran nuclear deal survives


For over a year, we have been told that no deal


His relationship with Netanyahu was one of the lows, relating


in the US refusing to veto a UN resolution critical of the Israeli


The chemistry with the Russian leader Putin


was no better, Crimea, cyber espionage and Syria left


The pledge at the start of his presidency was all about disengaging


from costly conflict and bringing the troops back home.


We can say to those families who have lost loved ones


to Al-Qaeda's terror, justice has been done.


But the optimism brought by the successful raid to kill Osama


bin Ladin in 2011 and the spread of the Arab Spring...


would eventually be replaced by a middle east in flames.


And the rise of so-called Islamic State, the fight against


Arguably, the low point for President Obama


in the Middle East has been Syria, which has been a humanitarian


catastrophe, sparking the worst refugee crisis since World War II.


And the president's failure to act against President Assad


despite much huffing and puffing, has come


A red line for us is we start seeing a whole bunch of chemical weapons


I think it was a mistake not to enforce the red line.


When the US is clearly saying there could be


consequences for a certain action, it is important


I also would not confuse that with crossing the chemical weapons


red line with the notion that there was interventionist


The policy toward Syria is much like the embassy here in Washington,


an empty shell, newspapers piling up on the doorstep, the windows barred.


And in the talks to bring peace to the country,


Barack Obama has flip-flopped over whether to take military action,


too slow to react to the dangers of so-called Islamic State.


It's been a period in which American influence


has waned and Russian influence has increased.


From one empty embassy to another, that has had


new life breathed into it, this is the Cuban Embassy


For over 50 years, it had lain derelict, a last


In the warmth of the Caribbean island, Barack Obama consigned


the last piece of icy Cold War legacy to history.


Cuba had brought the world to the edge of nuclear war.


Now diplomatic relations are restored, an extraordinary


He leaves office largely admired and popular around the world.


Not least for his role in the global climate change deal.


He tried to carve out a foreign policy that he saw


But as the commander-in-chief was given the traditional


send-off, in his own way, was he as destructive


to US power and influence as his predecessor, George W Bush?


And what would the Nobel committee make of him, eight years on?


If you were watching Outside Source yesterday we were looking ahead to a


Fifa decision on whether the World Cup would get bigger and it is going


to. From 2026 it'll feature 48


countries, up from 32. There will be 16 groups


of three nations. The top two teams from each group


will progress to a 32 16 more games, but no more


games for the winner. The BBC's Richard Conway sat down


with the Fifa president. Fifa has finally cleared a path to a


World Cup of 48 teams from 2026, 16 more countries will join football's


flagship tournament. Speaking to me today, the world governing body's


president insisted in the face of much criticism, it's time for the


sport to look beyond its traditional borders. Football has now become a


truly global game. Many more countries, many more teams will have


the chance to qualify so they will invest in developing football, they


will invest in developing elite football as well as grassroots


football. They will invest in their technical elements and this will


raise the quality. The growth of the World Cup will bring enormous extra


revenue and Fifa stands to make an additional ?500 million profit in


2026 according to its own research. But the man elected as Fifa


President partly on a pledge to deliver a bigger competition, insist


it's not about cash politics. It's not only a money power grab. It's


the opposite. It's a football decision. The way we presented it


was, OK, we presented four formats, everyone in the four formats has


advantages in terms of the financial situation. Which means we are in a


comfortable situation to be able to take a decision, simply based on the


sporting merit. Asia, where interested football is booming and


Africa stand to benefit the most web they are divided up. There will be


more slots for fuller nations. They believe it will give them a


better chance of qualifying. After a number of years, when Fifa was a


byword for corruption its new leadership is determined to assert


itself. Gianni Infantino's task is to convince his critics ever formed


World Cup is a force for good. As you heard, Asia and Africa could


stand to benefit the most from this expanded World Cup.


A lot of support for it on the continent, they have been talking to


people from Lagos, Nairobi, Cape Town. A lot of support for this move


because it means some of the smaller African countries will be able to


get the opportunity to get to the World Cup. But some people are


saying this world I lived there World Cup, the quality of the


football, at the World Cup. -- saying this will download the World


Cup. If we have some smaller countries not footballing nations


manage and develop for the World Cup, what happens when they meet


Germany on the big stage? -- managed to qualify. It reduces the chances


of a shock exit in the first round, two or three will go through. If you


look at the Euros, which just got expired last summer, some of the


football was dire. There was the shock value, we saw the likes of


Ireland, Wales, really performing on the big stage. That could happen.


With 48 teams at the World Cup, you've got to admit, those shocks


will be far and few between. Sir Dave Brailsford has given


an exclusive interview to the BBC about the ongoing questions


surrounding the Team Sky Many of those questions relate


to Sir Bradley Wiggins' authorised use of a banned substance in 2011


and to a medical package Here they are talking about the head


of UK Anti-Doping being critical of evidence that Dave Brailsford


gave to parliament. Most fair-minded people in Britain


would accept that if any issue from the start of process and there is an


authority, which is the right place, really, do get the bottom of


something, and it's a diligent process and we all trust and respect


that and we're in the middle of that, and there's an opening


investigation, which is still ongoing, the chair of that


organisation, to discuss the actual contents of that investigation,


whilst it's live and open, that's extraordinary. Do not except accept


that some people have lost trust in Team Sky because it has been handled


badly? -- do you not accept that. There is a differs between handling


and wrongdoing, let's be clear. There might be a PR issue. -- there


is a difference. And the facts of wrongdoing. They are separate


things. When Chris Froome was asked whether he still supported you on


Friday didn't give you his explicit backing, did that disappoint you?


Does that undermine new leadership? He was put in a difficult situation


but the questions he was asked. We're not talking about performance.


He does not need to be put in that situation because it is not for him


to answer, those questions are not for him to answer, they offered me


to answer. How much does this add a new, updated with Sir Bradley


Wiggins retiring over the festive period, the fact that this has cast


a cloud over his achievements. -- how much does this sad anew. His


achievements and Team Sky. Does that Saddam knew?


It is regrettable. But equally, the test of time is the key thing. Over


time, we will continue to perform at the highest level and continue to do


it at the right level and give people the reasons to feel proud of


our achievements. Give them a team they can believe in and support. You


can find that on the BBC sport at now. -- sport app.


Here's a sport that's just been officially registered


Some people also call it free running.


The UK is the first country to recognise it as a sport.


It originated in France about 30 years ago and has steadily grown.


It's recognition as a sport means parkour groups will be able to apply


Before we finish, a quick update on the English League Cup semifinal


1-0 to Manchester United at the moment. Commentary from the BBC


sport website right now. We will look at amazing stories soon. We


will explain how drones operate as a swarm and are being used by the US


military. There was more travel misery


for Southern Rail passengers today, as the network's drivers


started a 48-hour strike. Our Transport Correspondent Richard


Westcott reports that disputes over plans for driver-only operated


trains could spread to other More than 2,200 Southern services


weren't running today. Platform 2 for the delayed


07:47 Thameslink service. Their passengers were forced


to find other routes in. The whole situation seems


like a complete joke. I'd like to know that


when I get on the train, that I'm going to end up


at my destination at a certain time. Well, this is the queue just to get


into East Croydon station, all of these people are trying


to get to London, it's It snakes around a lot,


then actually goes down the side of the station,


probably about 100 meters For nearly a year, they've been


rowing about changes to the role Southern wants drivers to take over


closing the train doors. The unions say that


threatens safety and jobs. Southern says no-one's


losing their post and the safety This is The Body Shop's


new ?1 million lab in Croydon. They moved hundreds of staff


here last year because of the great train service, but Southern's


drivers aren't working overtime at the moment,


causing delays and cancellations It's having a devastating effect


on The Body Shop's staff. They're missing childrens'


birthdays, they can't arrange meetings,


they're having arguments at home. They're feeling stressed,


tired and irritable and there's a number of people saying every day,


from about 4:00pm, they're sitting getting more and more stressed


about whether they're going to get home, at all, or on time


for the commitment Back on board, several


commuters said this: I mean, the Government need


to do something about it. So the BBC put the question


to the Minister. REPORTER: What are you,


as Transport Secretary, Don't you have a duty


to step in on behalf..? The Government's engaged day in,


day out in trying to find a way to get this issued resolved,


and will carry on doing that. In Merseyside, unions are fighting


similar plans to bring It's Southern today,


but this issue threatens We are live in the BBC newsroom.


Senator Jeff Sessions is the man that Donald Trump would like to be


the US Attorney General. He's had a six and a half hour


Senate confirmation hearing and he has commented on a whole range of


issues from racism, from those allegations that Donald Trump groped


women, two other issues. You can get a full update on BBC news. Some of


the main stories, including what is coming outside of the UK.


If you're outside of the UK, it's World News America next


and they will be looking at the final days of


Barack Obama's presidency, Katty Kay will be talking


to Former Defense Secretary William Cohen.


Here in the UK, the News at Ten is next, they'll be looking


at the significant rise in the number of people


with mental health problems sking to be seen at Accident


These are quite something, these pictures.


I want to show these pictures of the US military


using miniature swarming drones during a test in California.


They are dropped out of these planes.


These are called Super Hornets and they release the mini-drones


It does pixelate but you will get an idea. Little black dots coming out


of the bottom of the planes. There are 103 drones -


they operate autonomously but share Not a phrase I felt confident


explaining to you. I'll let Chris Baraniuk


explain what that means. The key thing with these


drones is they communicate We don't know the full details


of how they work, but the point is, there is no one central computer


within the swarm, deciding what all the other drones


do and where they fly. They have a set of targets they move


towards and around and no matter where one or two of them go,


the swarm as a whole eventually Again, development of defence


isn't very forthcoming on too many details,


but the assumption is that this would be very good for


surveillance purposes. I've heard military analysts say


things like this kind of military system could allow for watching


traffic on a road. These drones could hover nearby,


out of sight, out of mind. Or maybe even in slightly more


built-up environments. With the number of important


technological developments, you get the development and then


everything gets smaller. Is the same now


happening with drones? This is really interesting


with the military applications here. There are a couple of very small


drones being developed. There is one called the Black Hornet


which costs about $40,000 but these drones are much,


much cheaper than that, we think. They could be produced


for the cost of maybe a few In terms of the computing


power within them, how do they compare with a mobile phone


or other small devices? We understand the circuitry


is pretty simple, really. It's all to do with the fact


that the software, the artificial intelligence software,


inside them is simply making And not relying on too much


hard number crunching. The mind boggles, thank you very


much for that explanation. We've had stories from Gambia, Ivory


Coast, Japan, Afghanistan and the US and UK and we will continue with a


story that involves Switzerland. The European Court of Human Rights


has ruled that Swiss schools can insist that Muslim girls take


part in mixed-sex school A Muslim couple had


brought the case. I turned to Athar Ahmed,


BBC Asian Network. The parents were two Swiss nationals


of Turkish origin living in Basel. They were fined 1300 euros for not


allowing their 22 teenage daughters to take part in mixed swimming


lessons because of their religious beliefs as Muslims. -- allowing


their two teenage daughters. They said it was a breach of Article


nine, freedom, conscious thought and religion. The European Court of


Human Rights said that although the religious freedom was interfered


with, there was no direct violation. Is this specific to Switzerland, is


this brooding having impacts across Europe? At the moment, last year in


Switzerland, there was another case similar to this one when a Bosnian


man, a Swiss National, was fined for not allowing his daughter to swim in


school. There is a trend emerging it seems. In terms of Switzerland's


approach to these issues, is it different to how the UK Government


might approach it? Or the French comment? The European Court of Human


Rights today have said that the Swiss authorities have the right to


dictate their academic setup. Whether that dictates their


educational setup, the lessons, is based on the values and that is


doubly something which is different to the British setup. Is this ruling


relevant to faith schools? In the UK, faith schools take a certain


approach that some state schools, other state schools don't. Are there


comparisons elsewhere in Europe? Potentially. This is why state


rulings are interesting because it is dictating for the first time the


significance of things like mixed faith interaction. Today Bosman


ruling was interesting because it is not just about these two girls


learning how to swim, the European court said it is about interaction.


And how these girls, who are essentially foreigners can interact


with Swiss society. Breaking news from the US in the


last few seconds from Reuters, a jury has condemned Dylann Roof to


death for the 2015 South Carolina church massacre. This was the attack


from June 2000 and 15. Nine people lost their lives in.


said he still felt he had to do it and was sentenced to death for


killing those people. Just before we finish, farewell and


we will pay tribute to one of the world's first female war


correspondence. Claire Hollingworth has died aged 105. She reported


German tanks were gathering on the Polish border in 1939 and she broke


the news of the Nazi invasion and that was the trigger for the Second


World War. She reported on many other conflicts around the world but


inevitably she will be remembered for what became known as the scoop


of the century. Thank you for watching, I will see


you tomorrow at the same time. The weather is turning pretty lively


over the next few days. A week whether fans drifting south and


east. Not much rain but as