17/01/2017 Outside Source


Ros Atkins with an innovative take on the latest global stories.

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Hello, I'm Ros Atkins, this is Outside Source.


Seven months after the UK voted to leave Europe,


the Prime Minister has laid out her plans for Britain's


Not seek to adopt a model already enjoyed by other countries. We do


not seek to hold onto bits of membership as we leave. No. The


United Kingdom is leaving the European Union. We will look in


detail at what Theresa May said and have reaction from across politics


and Strasbourg and Brussels as well. Simon Jacks is in Davos where the


Chinese leader has made a heartfelt case for globalisation. Our Middle


East editor is in Aleppo and we will play you the latest report from


Jeremy Bowen on the destruction he has seen there. Vladimir Putin has


made his first comments on unverified allegations that Russia


has compromising information on Donald Trump.


The UK is going to leave the EU's single market.


And you can argue that had become politically inevitable.


Many people supported Brexit because of concerns about immigration.


Theresa May was never likely to ignore that.


And the EU's most senior figures have consistently said


no membership of the single market without freedom of movement.


They were never likely to compromise.


For all the talk of soft Brexit it was hard to see what that meant in


practical terms. None the less, this speech


is a moment a huge significance. Not just for its headline


announcement - but other policy details too -


and it tone. We do not seek to adopt a model


already enjoyed by other countries. We do not seek to hold onto bits of


membership as we leave. No. The United Kingdom is leaving the


European Union and my job is to get the right deal for Britain as we do.


I want to be clear. What I am proposing cannot mean membership of


the single market. While controlled immigration can bring great


benefits, filling skills shortages, delivering public services, making


British businesses the world beaters they often are, when the numbers get


too high, public support for the system falters. I can confirm today


that the government will put the final deal that is agreed between


the UK and the EU to a vote in both Houses of Parliament before it comes


into force. I know there are some voices calling for a punitive deal


that punishes Britain and discourages other countries from


taking the same path. That would be an act of calamitous self harm for


the countries of Europe and it would not be the act of a friend. Britain


would not, indeed we could not accept such an approach.


Let's get some reaction to the speech.


Nigel Farage, one of the most vocal campaigners for Brexit.


She has said leave the single market then at the same time says she wants


to have access to the single market, I'm not quite sure how that's going


to go down in Europe. I think we have to have a deal that ensures we


have access to the market, we have British jobs dependent on that


market, that's what we'll be pushing for. Whether it is specifically this


form of single market I don't know. She seems to be wanting to have her


cake and eat it. Leader of the Liberal Democrats -


who are pro-European: "This is a theft of democracy,


a presumption that the 51.9% of people who voted to leave meant


the most extreme version Next here's foreign secretary


Boris Johnson who supported Brexit. Why should they give us all of those


things she suggested? As the Prime Minister said, we believe very


strongly that this is in our mutual interest. We are not leaving Europe,


we are disentangling ourselves from the treaties of the EU. We can


remain powerfully committed to Europe with a new European


partnership of the kind she described, whilst also going forward


with an identity as global Britain. One person who did not answer


questions was John Claude, he refused to take questions on that


speech earlier. I spoke to the BBC correspondent Rob


Watson for his analysis. Cutting through all that normal talk of soft


Brexit, hard Brexit, if you really boil this down and you slip away


some of the rhetoric, the warm rhetoric towards Europe, some of the


more harsh rhetoric, it comes to this, Theresa May is essentially


saying what Britain wants is all the bits it likes about Europe, so


things like free trade, co-operation on Security and law enforcement, and


it doesn't want the things it doesn't like, such as being part of


a supranational political entity like the European Union and having


free movement of people. So of course the question it really


raises, the really obvious one is, what are the other EU 27 really


going to make of this? Are they going to meet Britain halfway, some


part along the way? And also, crucially, what on earth are the


banks and international businesses based in Britain that make it the


fifth richest country in the world, what are they going to make of this


departure from the single market? Can you explain whether customs


union fits into this? Now we know we are out of the single market,


suddenly there's a lot of attention on that? Yes, to put it as simply as


possible, if as those who are leading the league campaign say,


that Britain is going to have this new local future, trading all over


the world, striking new deals in Asia and elsewhere, then it would


need a new arrangement with the European Union because currently if


you are part of the EU customs union, all of those 28, current 28


countries, they all have the same tariffs with the rest of the world


and deals tween the EU members of the EU and other countries like


India, for example, or the United States, or Canada, that is


negotiated as an EU level. So what Theresa May is saying is that


Britain, and again, this is part of her overall rhetoric, is that


Britain would need something, guess what, uniquely British. Not in the


single market, not in the customs union, but maybe something that sort


of looks a bit like it. Some reaction from people inside the


European Union. Article 50 has to pitch triggered by


the UK before formal negotiations can begin.


Damian Grammaticas is in Strasbourg where the European Parliament


Here's more on the reaction inside the EU.


The view here looking at this speed is that the first of all this has


given a little bit more clarity, at not very much, from the EU side.


What they say is that they understand that this is primarily a


political speech that Theresa May has had to give to a UK audience to


try to rally people behind the British government's view, plan, if


you like, for Brexit. But here, interestingly, the reaction coming


from the parliament chief negotiator who would be involved in some of the


negotiations, he is said that Theresa May was selling an illusion


that the UK could somehow leave the single market, leave the customs


union and still be able to enjoy all the benefits. So, privileged access


to trade, ability for British companies to have access to the


single market barrier free. He said that would of course have to change


because you wouldn't get such a good deal outside. Another senior MEP


saying that Theresa May had oversold the benefits of what could be


achieved in trade deals with distant countries, and she was also


overselling the difficulties there would be in achieving a deal with


the EU of this sort. I wonder what comments of the Prime Minister when


she said we cannot have a punitive deal here is a disincentive to


others countries to leave, has that gone down well? In a short word, no.


Many people here that we've been speaking to have been saying they


felt that the British Prime Minister came across, one said to me as


arrogant, another said that this came across as quite hostile and


wasn't the way to approach negotiations with 27 other


countries. I think there was a general sort of agreement that this


was perhaps' before the negotiation. One senior MEP said we understand


she has to make these statements but we don't believe them, we don't


think they are credible. The view here among the EU 27 is that if the


UK were to walk away from negotiations and accept no deal it


would be the UK that would be left far worse off. Interestingly as a


sort of end points to that, all from what I understand, the man


conducting negotiations for the EU whenever they begin, he has said in


a private briefing here today to MEPs, he is not seeking to punish


the UK. This, primarily, is an idea that is circulating in the UK


amongst UK commentators and viewers of the process that the EU might


seek to punish the UK. The chief negotiator two days telling MEPs he


will not seeking to punish the UK but he will be very clear eyed and


pragmatic. One more piece of news out


of the European Union this evening. This man - Antonio Tajani -


has been elected head He's Italian and is part


of the centre-right Donald Tusk and Jean-Claude Juncker


belong to the same group, which means they have the three


biggest jobs in the EU. The European Parliament can


block or amend EU laws, and will have the final say


on whether to approve We'll have more on Theresa May's


speech in OS business shortly. Plus I'll show you this report


about a town in Ohio where Chinese investment seems


to be creating jobs. The inquests into the deaths of 30


British tourists at a Tunisian beach resort 18 months


ago continued today. The court heard from a senior


Foreign Office official, who defended advice given


to travellers at the time. Our correspondent Richard


Galpin has the latest. What we've heard today is that the


Foreign Office decided not to increase its travel advisory, ie


take it to the highest level, which would be advising British nationals


against all travel to Tunisia, despite their having been the


horrific attack in Tunisia in the capital in March 2015, in which 22


mostly foreign tourists were killed. This came just three months before


the attack which is the subject of this inquest. So there has been a


lot of focus on that and whether the Foreign Office should indeed have


changed its advice or not. This is Outside live


from the BBC newsroom. The British prime minister,


Theresa May, has ruled out membership of the EU single market


when Britain leaves She said staying in would mean


accepting the EU's rules without having any say


in making them. An air strike by the Nigerian


military has accidentally killed at least 50 civilians at a camp


for displaced people Aid workers are among


the casualties. The pilot apparently


thought he was attacking The first ever video footage showing


snow leopards and common leopards sharing the same habitat will be


discussed at an international There are concerns that common


leopards are moving to higher ground And you won't be surprised to hear


that these pictures are very popular The huge alligator was caught


on camera in Florida by local They were taken at a


local nature reserve. The alligator has been


nicknamed 'humpback'. The search for the missing Malaysian


plane MH370 has been suspended. The plane was flying


from Kuala Lumpur to Beijing This area outlined in red


is the area teams have been trying to search -


now they've stopped. They say there is no new information


about where the wreckage might be. This is the Facebook


page of Voices370 - it's an association for some


of the families. They say that the search


ought to expand. "an inescapable duty owed


to the flying public". TRANSLATION: There has to be


evidence, you need to show us bodies, even if the passengers all


died. I really want the plane to be found. I want to know what happened


to my mother, I want to know where she is. This decision has been a


betrayal of the commitment they made to the families. They have reneged


on a commitment they made to the public to pursue the answer is


necessary to feel safe one more time when they are flying. The search has


been going on for a long time and they haven't come up with nothing.


It can't go on forever. I think everyone has really done a great job


looking for the plane. The amount of money that must have been spent for


the search must have been phenomenal. I respect the government


and the Malaysians government, they did a lot of work.


Let's look at the reaction to the speech by Theresa May in the


business world. As you'd imagine, this was a major


topic of discussion at Our business editor Simon Jack


explained the reaction there. For months now businesses have been


crying out for some clarity to help them plan what happens in the future


and they got some today. No ifs, no buts, the UK is leaving the single


market, clear enough. Talking to leaders here this is an assumption


they'd come to all by themselves, they thought it was inevitable we


would have to leave the single market because it would be


incompatible with attempts to control migration from Europe into


the UK. They feel like the confirmation was helpful but didn't


really advanced their sum of knowledge. What really got ears


twitching was the tone in the UK Prime Minister took. She said


listen, don't mess with us, we are quite prepared to walk away if we


don't get the deal we like. We may even retaliate by lowering taxes. To


be clear, what walking away means, it means walking away from a trade


deal and going towards World Trade Organisation rules, international


rules, not preferential ones like the UK has for the EU at the moment.


Many businesses, like the car industry and the agriculture


industry, are worried the tariffs that would impose would be damaging


to trade. A lot of people say this is a negotiating position and


everybody hopes the nuclear option will not be triggered. Did we get


clarity? We got some. Does everybody think leaving the single market is a


good idea? Not everyone. Are we any closer to knowing what a final deal


will look like after negotiation with 27 partners? I'm afraid not.


The majority of big business is hoped that we would remain in the


European Union. That has not happened. So what is the big


business dream scenario intends of how this is organised? You are


right, a lot of big businesses said this was not ideal but some are


saying this is a political reality and it's time to roll up sleeves and


get on with it. I hope we can get a favourable deal, it is in mutual


interest to trade as freely as possible. In some industries we have


a big surplus with the EU, in some we have a big deficit, is there


likely to be a trade-off? Winners and losers between different


industries? Yes. But I think those businesses are taking a pragmatic


view saying, this is going to happen, we better get on with it.


I'd like to mention what happened to the pound today. What the Prime


Minister did is say, when we thrash out a deal we will give the UK


Parliament a vote on whether to accept the deal. Traders in the


pound thought that meant there is some last-ditch scenario in which


the UK does not leave the EU, because whenever there has been an


impediment thrown into the exit the pound has gone up. Other people


saying this is just another example of market very badly misreading the


political realities that are in front of them. Thank you Simon.


Staying at Davos, Something quite remarkable happened today.


Not only did the Chinese head of state attend but he made


Certainly this is a strange state of affairs.


Here's some of what President Xi Jinping said.


TRANSLATION: The Chinese tend to say honey melons hang from bitter vines.


Sweet dates grow on thistles and thorns. In a philosophical sense,


nothing is perfect in the world. It's true that economic


globalisation has created new problems. But this is no


justification to write of globalisation altogether. Rather we


should guide and adapt globalisation, cushion its negative


impact and deliver its benefits to all nations. China's leader sounding


very poetic. Let's talk to Samira


Hussain in New York. Have the roles really reversed


between US and China? Makes a good story but in reality is that what


has happened? Certainly not the kind of language that you would expect to


hear from the president of China, especially when compared to the kind


of rhetoric we heard on the campaign trail from the President-elect


Donald Trump. And unfortunately for those who believe in globalisation


and lots of free trade it was not just rhetoric, those are still the


same ideals that the President-elect has been talking about. And even


those that are shared by some of the people that are going to make up his


administration. Perhaps most pointedly is at Davos, one of the


incoming White House advisers to the president has even said that, look,


if China engages the United States with some sort of trade war,


ultimately it's going to be China that loses out and not the United


States, that the United States is in a much more powerful position. You


can remember that Donald Trump has said that he wants to get really


tough with China with regards to the currency manipulation and of course


to some of the unfair trade practices, and has threatened to


impose some pretty heavy tariffs against China. To be clear, Donald


Trump is not arguing against capitalism, he is arguing against


the current form it is taking on the international stage? What he is


arguing, really, is unfair trade deals. He says a lot of trade deals


have been negotiated that don't work in the favour of the American


people, so the big example is the North American Free Trade Agreement


which is a free trade agreement that was signed decades ago between


Canada, the United States and Mexico. After the United States


signed that agreement there was a big loss of manufacturing jobs here


in the United States. Part of what the President-elect has really


campaigned on was saying that he is going to bring back some of those


coal jobs and those manufacturing jobs. And what he wants to do is to


open up some of these free trade agreement by the North American Free


Trade Agreement and renegotiate for something that is better for the


United States. Thank you. We are very interested to see how this will


pan out in the next few months. Those comments are aimed in part


at Donald Trump who has talked extensively about the failures


of Globalisation and free trade. He's been scathing about how


they favour China over the US. Here's an interesting angle


on the economic relationship This is a report from


Laura Trevelyan who's been to a place called Moraine in Ohio


to find out about Chinese If Donald Trump's America now. Like


so many towns across the nation he won here with a pumice to bring back


jobs. Somewhat surprisingly the factory down the road is run by a


company with its headquarters in China. It has moved into a plant


General Motors closed down making windshields where cars once rolled


off the assembly line. On this Ojai factory floor Donald Trump's


anti-globalisation campaign rhetoric meets the reality. This Chinese


managed company is determined to become the biggest manufacturer of


car windshields in the world. Our goal obviously becoming number one.


And to be able to achieve our goal, obviously you have to combine all


the resources, manpower. So I believe we have to have two feet,


one in China, one in US. They are putting their money where their


mouth is, investing millions of dollars on the plant. More than 2000


jobs have been created locally. Scott used to work for General


Motors and he's still grappling with the cultural differences. Got to


find some common ground on what our goals are, our goals and our


standards. A lot of different things you don't necessarily see here that


you would in an established American company. The American dream has


taken a hit at the local tavern where there is nostalgia for the GM


days when business was brisk. Regulars say thanks to the company


things are picking up. My son is working there, building the catwalks


and stuff inside the price. Trump supporters around this bar and


across the nation hope the next president will bring business back


to their communities. They may be surprised that China has now created


manufacturing jobs, but a pay cheque is better than none. I'll be back


with you in a couple of minutes time. If you have any questions,


particularly about our lead story, you can see how e-mail on the


screen. Parts of the US planes were affected


by an ice storm earlier in the week


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