18/01/2017 Outside Source


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We'll begin in Washington where Barack Obama has just finished his


final press conference as president. Inevitably, he was asked about his


successor. I don't expect there is going to be you know, enormous


overlap. The British Foreign Secretary Boris Johnson warns EU


leaders not to give the UK punishment beatings over Brexit like


a World War II movie. We've had a response from the top of the EU,


Theresa May's announcement that the UK will leave the single market.


Thousands of tourists are leaving the Gambia because of an ever


worsening political crisis. In theory the new president will be


inaugurated tomorrow. It's not going to happen as the man who lost the


election is refusing to go. We'll talk to the US journalist who


campaigned to get the CIA to put millions of documents online, which


they've now done. And Frank Gardner on Donald Trump and the nuclear


codes. Barack Obama has just finished his


last press conference as president. There was plenty to discuss within


it. We'll work through the main points with the help of Katty Kay.


Here is the president talking about Russia. In my first term we


negotiated the start two treaty which has substantially reduced our


nuclear stockpiles, both Russia and the United States. I was prepared to


go further, I told President Putin I was prepared to go further. They


have been unwilling to negotiate. If President-elect Trump is able to


restart those talks in a serious way, there remains a lot of room for


our countries to reduce our stockpiles. Part of the reason we've


been successful on our nonproliferation agenda and nuclear


security agenda is because we were leading by example. I hope that


continues. Let's bring in Katty Kay from Washington. A few years ago


there was lots of talk about resetting the relationship with


Russia. Hasn't really worked out as planned, has it? No. Relations are


not good at the moment. Obama Administration officials would tell


you they are not good at the moment. People here are slightly bewildered


by what will happen next with Donald Trump and his new tone towards


Vladimir Putin. I've heard two messages from the Obama


Administration people, one is what the president was saying. We can and


have worked with Russia on certain issues, the Iran nuclear deal for


example. We cooperated with the Russians on that and got a


successful outcome. The other message to Donald Trump in


particular from the Obama people is Vladimir Putin's interest to know


not to line up with American interest that the moment and if you


think you can get them on the same page you are kidding yourself, treat


this relationship very carefully. That's effectively what you're


hearing from the president and his staff. So many elements of this


press conference to discuss. Let's hear what President Obama said as he


defended his decision which we got this time yesterday that he has


commuted Chelsea Manning's sentence for leaking documents to WikiLeaks.


Given she went to trial, that due process was carried out, that she


took responsibility for her crime, that the sentence she received was


very disproportional, disproportionate, relative to what


other leakers had received... And that she had served a significant


amount of time, that it made sense to commute, not pardon, her


sentence. Does the fact this has happened right at the end of the


Obama Presidency take the sting out of the controversy? No, there has


been a firestorm of reaction from conservatives to the commutation of


Chelsea Manning's sentence, indeed, president Obama's secretary of


defence, Ashgabat, we understand was not in favour of this, nor were


people at the Pentagon. If you commute sentences of people who


leaked classified information, you are encouraging others to do the


same thing, they think, and the president was wrong to take this


action. In the press conference Obama said I don't think anybody who


is thinking of leaking is going to look at Chelsea Manning who has


spent seven years in an American prison and think this is a piece of


cake and decide to do the same thing. He's trying to say, she


served her time, being apologetic, this is not Edward Snowden, the


sentence was disproportionate and other people will look at her and


say, actually, there was a strong punishment here. That won't satisfy


conservatives. It was inevitable Chelsea Manning would come up and


inevitable Russia would come up, and of course, inevitable, Barack Obama


was asked about Donald Trump. My working assumption is that, having


won an election opposed to a number of my initiatives on certain aspects


of my vision for where the country needs to go, it is appropriate for


him to go forward with his vision and his values. And I don't expect


there is going to be, you know, enormous overlap. Maybe a little


understatement. Katty, I know Donald Trump and Mr Obama have such


different styles but some of his supporters frustrated he's not


speaking more frankly, more pointedly about Donald Trump? I'm


not hearing that, I'm not hearing President Obama's supporters think


this is the moment, the appropriate moment for him to be massively


critical. What Obama did say in the press conferences, look, if there


are individual issues on which I really feel Donald Trump is taking


the wrong action, for example, deporting the children of illegal


immigrant is from the US, Buttler children brought here by their


parents, then I will speak out. He's not saying he's not going to say


anything, but I think is going to choose his moment carefully. This


press conference was fascinating because it really was an example of


no drama Obama and one of the most memorable moment in the press


conference was when he said, listen, I've always taught my daughter is


the only thing that is the end of the world is the end of the world.


This is not the end of the world, this is a transition of power in the


US, part of the democratic process. It's right and expected Donald Trump


will implement his own policies even if I don't agree with them. That was


the tone, quite philosophical but quite calm look at the situation in


America today. One more click to play you. This is Mr Obama talking


about the prospect of leaving office and what the future may hold. I want


to do some writing, I want to be quiet little bit, not tear myself


talk so much. I want to spend precious time with my girls. So


those are my priorities this year. This is the last press conference Mr


Obama will be holding. He's had eight years in office. He's talked


about how he has reshaped America, how he has hope he is reshaped


America. What do you think will be his lasting legacy? That's a big


question. In 90 seconds, that would be great. Listen, he's always going


to be remembered even though he perhaps didn't want to be, as


America's first black president, it's part of his biography. He will


go down as the person who stopped America falling off the financial


cliff in 2008. Proving a negative. But things could have been a lot


worse than they were. He spoke out consistently in favour, as he did


today, of gay rights and minority rights. You can quibble with how


much he has done on those issues, and there have been feeling


failings. Obamacare is not particularly popular, he didn't get


far on gun control. He leaves office with a 58% approval rating, not bad


for two term president in a very divided country. I think Americans


will look back with respect for President Obama and his time in


office, if nothing else, for the fact he was their eight years in the


fishbowl, not a single scandal out of the Obama White House. That's not


bad. You did it, I didn't doubt you would. You will be back for viewers


outside the UK after outside source. We're going to come back to America


across the hour because Donald Trump will be president in two days. We


must turn to an ever more serious situation in the Gambia because


tensions are increasing. This is a small country in West Africa and the


whole crisis stems from the presidential election last year. Two


men are at the heart of this. This is Adama Barrow. It seems unlikely


he will become Prime Minister on Thursday because because recurrent


President Jammeh doesn't accept the result. He has Parliament to extend


his term by three months. If you want a measure of how serious the


situation is, we have a number of other west African nations saying


they are ready to use military force to remove him. Senegalese forces


# # We're are already on the border.


We are ours from that deadline and there seems no prospect of a


political solution. What this has meant is that thousands of Gambians


have been fleeing, they are concerned about violence, tourists


are being evacuated. Our correspondent can bring us up to


date. Since the state of emergency was


announced on Tuesday, Gambians are fleeing anywhere they can. Crowding


onto boats and roads to neighbouring countries and rural areas. The


national assembly announced it will allow the president to stay in


office three more months. Foreign tourists some advice to leave


immediately with extra flights coming into the capital to take them


home. Things have moved quickly since the announcement and the


atmosphere in the Gambia is uncertain. Tourists are leaving, not


as they came, not as they had anticipated. In the hotel everything


was OK, yes. But now when we go from the hotel, to the airport, we see


all the people leaving. All the buses, they take all... Even the


people in Gambia they are very, very scared. It's for our family that we


go home. Behind me is the national stadium of the Gambia, the planned


venue for the inauguration on Thursday of Adama Barrow as the


country's next president. President Jammeh has declared a state of


emergency, some of the measures include the banning of large


gatherings of such proportions. It remains to be seen what will happen


here on Thursday. Yesterday the lead story was UK Prime Minister Theresa


May's speech on Brexit and her vision for it. Today the UK Foreign


Secretary Boris Johnson said this while on a visit to India... If Mr


Hollande wants to administer punishment beatings, to anybody who


chooses to escape in the manner of some sort of World War II movie, I


don't think that it is the way forward. I think actually it's not


in the interest of our friends and our partners. Diplomatic


correspondent James Landale has posted an excellent piece online,


you can get it on the Apple now. He quotes a European diplomat who says


for that clown to compare rest of the Nazis, that hurts. It'll not be


forgotten. Most of the reaction we've had today has been to do with


a speech by Theresa May. We've heard from two big beasts of the EU.


Donald Tusk, the European Council president... Yesterday's speech by


Prime Minister Theresa May proves the unified position of 27 member


states on the indivisibility of the single market was finally understood


and accepted by London. It would be good if our partners also understood


that there will be no place for pick and choose tactics in our future


negotiations. At the same time, I want to underline that we took note


of the warm and balanced words of Prime Minister May on European


integration, which we are much closer to the narrative of Winston


Churchill than President-elect Donald Trump. Next is Jean-Claude


Juncker, president of the European Commission. A fair deal is still


valid, we need the fair deal we've written, fair means equal


obligations for everyone taking part. In a kind of internal market.


We'll see this in the course of the next coming months. Must remember


the extensive background on Brexit on the BBC News website. We'll talk


about the CIA deciding to declassify 13 million documents and post them


online. We'll hear from a journalist to fall for that to happen and spent


plenty of time examining what's on these records.


A disabled man has partially won a Supreme Court case over a dispute


over a wheelchair space on a bus, drivers will have to do more to


accommodate wheelchair users. Doug Pauley from Yorkshire brought his


case after he was refused entry to a first group bus in 2012 when a


mother with a pushchair refused to move. He and his supporters say the


ruling will make a major difference. I mean, I'm aware some people won't


be pleased. It's not gone as far as some people would like. It's gone


too far for people, but in the end this is about disabled people's


right to access, to travel on the bus. And hopefully today has been at


least a step in the right direction. I feel it'll create a cultural


shift, that's what they said in court, so people will be aware of


the fact the wheelchair area for wheelchair users and they should


take priority. Our lead story comes from


Washington. In the final news conference of his presidency Barack


Obama has defended his decision to free WikiLeaks source Chelsea


Manning. We can turn to some of the main stories from BBC World Service.


From BBC Arabic the Iraqi army says it is preparing military operations


to retake western Mosul. The last part of the city which is held by


the Islamic State group. BBC Ukrainian reports a baby has been


born to a previously infertile couple in Ukraine using a new type


of 3-person IVF. Doctors used a method called pro-nuclear transfer


in what is a world first. There is a moth and Donald Trump. A new species


has been named after the President-elect. The scientist who


took this decision, a Canadian, says he was inspired by the striking


golden flakes covering the moth's head.


As I was mentioning a couple of minutes ago, about 30 million pages


of declassified documents from the US Central intelligence agency have


been released and put online. You can access them if you are minded to


and search them. They are on the CIA library website. Records include


intelligence briefings UFO sightings, psychic experiments, they


even detail how the CIA tested the celebrity psychic Uri Geller in


1973. Lots of you watching on BBC News Channel will know of him very


well. One test is a person would draw a picture in one room, such as


this, then Uri Geller would draw a picture themselves in another room.


Obviously you can see they are reasonably close. The conclusion


those behind the experiment came to was he demonstrated his paranormal


perceptual ability in a convincing and unambiguous manner. Lots of


other people have since concluded he was merely a very good magician.


That a separate discussion but the CIA spent time on the issue. It has


explained the release of these documents in terms of a commitment


to increasing the accessibility of declassified records to the public.


It also follows a long campaign for this to happen and Mike Best is a


journalist who has been involved in that and joins us from the US. Do


you applaud what the CIA has done? I'm glad they finally followed


through and made the documents available to everyone. Unfortunately


they also decided to make the document is no longer text


searchable so it is a bit of a mixed bag. Why do you think they have


published these documents? Do you buy the argument it is a commitment


to greater transparency? I'm quite sceptical of that. They had to be


sued into agreeing to release it in the first place, they said it would


take 28 years. Eventually they were forced out to say it would take six


years. It was only after I began using their own ink and paper to


print out the documents and scan them that they went ahead and


decided, we're going to go ahead and released them. It'll save us time


and money. We're quite pleased the digital copies are finally available


to people everywhere. What did these documents have in common? What


connects them? Its millions of pages, about 775,000 documents. What


connects them is the Central intelligence agency. They are all


into five years or older. That is the declassification review cycle.


You spent all this time campaigning to see them, now you can see them in


more detail than before. Have you discovered things you didn't imagine


you would see? Fortunately I'm more familiar with


them than most people are but there are quite a few surprises in there


and things relevant to almost anyone's interest. If it's anything


at all historical belated, genealogist and scientists will be


interested, as will cartographers. Not just military and national


intelligence history. Can you give one example of something you found


of particular interest to you? There was one CIA memo which accused the


NSA director and secretary of defence of creating the CSS,


military branch of the NSA, to "Be an abortion". It put into the


context of declassified NSA documents gives the strong


impression the whole section was sabotaged so the NSA director would


get a promotion. It's based off the CIA memo making that accusation is a


high level. This huge cache of declassified documents posted online


by the CIA, if you can see it, you can find it on the CIA library


website. We are two days away from the presidency of Donald Trump and


on trade we've heard some very clear pointers of what is to come. Wilbur


Ross has been taking questions at his confirmation hearing and


inevitably he was asked about the free trade deal between Mexico,


Canada and the US, that Donald Trump really doesn't like. Here is the


answer we heard. President-elect has made no secret in his public


remarks, nor have I in earlier remarks, during the campaign. That


Nafta is logically the first thing for us to deal with. We ought to


solidify relationships in the best way we can in our own territory


before we go off to other jurisdictions. I think that should


be and hopefully will be, if I'm confirmed, a very very early topic


in this administration. Michelle, in New York, what are the


practicalities of America renegotiating all exiting Nafta?


I've been talking to various trade experts and on the point of law, can


President Trump repeal Nafta, the answer is yes. We're starting to


hear the globe and mail in Canada is reporting Mr Ross has told the


Canadian government already in a formal letter to start negotiations


with Canada and Mexico would be sent within days of the start of the new


administration. At its heart what this deal does essentially mean the


three countries can trade easily with each other without having to


worry about tariffs. What you're talking about is a renegotiation of


the trade deal, starting from scratch again, going through list by


list, which rules do you want to keep, which do you want to


renegotiate? It's usually a lengthy process, but that has been Donald


Trump's message all along, he wants to rip up existing trade deals he


doesn't think are particularly good for the United States. It's a


message that has certainly resonated in some states that helped him carry


the election, notably Pennsylvania and Ohio. We'll be watching the


story closely. That's Michelle in New York. This is a tweet from a way


that during the presidential campaign from Hillary Clinton,...


It didn't scare everyone because enough Americans voted for him.


He'll be the new president. Inside that briefcase is everything the


President of the United States needs to set a nuclear strike in motion.


On Friday the briefcase will be passed to Donald Trump. Frank


Gardner has been looking at the practical measures that have to


happen for a nuclear strike to happen. There is a great article you


can find online now. Frank has been an outside source tatami what he


found. The way it works in the US is on Friday, inauguration day, there


will be an unnamed military aid official week you and I have never


seen before and will never see again, it will appear at the side of


President Obama with a briefcase, the nuclear football. There are the


launch codes and predesignated menus, they are called, for target


sets, should the unthinkable happen. He or she will never leave the


President's side. At the end of the inauguration, after the oath, that


aid will be beside the future President Trump. The briefing will


already have taken place so President-elect Trump by then will


already know what he has to do. They raise an authentication card called


the biscuit, three inches by five injured, the president will have to


authenticate himself. He doesn't carry out the order himself and he


gives it and gives it to the Secretary of State for Defence,


which will be General James Mathis. A lot depends on the circumstances.


If carrying out nuclear strike was a long-term measure policy a lot of


people would be involved but if there is imminent threat to the US


is has told Frank the president has extraordinary latitude to take the


sole decision to launch. You can find on the BBC News app. I'll be


back with you in a few minutes time. See you then.


In the next half an hour Helen Willetts will get her thoughts on


developments back home with the weather for the week


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