18/01/2017 Outside Source


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Hello, I'm Ros Atkins, this is Outside Source.


Let's look through some of the main stories here in the BBC Newsroom.


Barack Obama has just finished his final press conference as president,


inevitably was asked about his successor. I don't expect that there


is going to be, you know, enormous overlap. That may be an


understatement. I'll play you a report looking


at how the day will play out In sport, I'll look


at the Vendee Globe yacht race It only happens every four years,


and this one is a thiller. Pete main contenders are expected to


finish tomorrow morning. -- the two main contenders. If you want to get


in touch, that is the hashtag. will be passed from Barack Obama


to Donald Trump. This report by


Rajini Vaidyanathan explains the practicalities


of the day. I do solemnly swear... That I will


faithfully execute the office of... How does it work on inauguration


day? This is where Donald Trump will wake up on inauguration morning, the


White House guesthouse, it doesn't look like much, really, does it? It


has been nicknamed the most exclusive hotel in the world, and


that is because it has played host to some distinguished guests over


the years. This is St John's Episcopal church, where Mr Trump


will head to for a church service. Barack Obama came the morning of his


inauguration too. Look at this, it is absolutely beautiful. So here I


am, in the President's pew, actually sitting where presidents of history


have sat. After he is done, Donald Trump bakes the very short journey


across the road to the White House. I don't think they're going to lead


us in. As is part of tradition, he will go to the White House to meet


President Obama. Another tradition that always happens is that the


outgoing president always writes the incoming president a note, a word of


advice. This, the US Capitol, is where


Donald Trump will officially become president, when he is sworn in.


Politicians and dignitaries will get to watch from up close, the rest of


us will all have to watch from the bottom. It is cold! Now we are


heading to the cheap seats. This is the national moll, not much to say,


just a lot of grass, but if you don't have a ticket, this is where


you come to watch. Next, the parade, which heads towards the White House


and is led by the President and the First Lady. The parade even goes


past here, Donald Trump's new hotel in DC, so who would have thought


that when he was planning this hotel, Donald Trump would one day be


moving into the White House just down the street from here?


We will have full coverage of the inauguration, whether you're


watching in the UK or outside of the UK, on the BBC News Channel and BBC


World News. The final stages of the Vendee Globe


are drawing to a close. This is a solo


round-the-world yacht race. It happens every four years,


and this one is a thriller. Welsh sailor Alex Thomson


is in second, At Christmas,


Thomson was about 1000 miles behind. Both men are expected


to finish at a fixed point on the Atlantic coast of France


on Thursday morning. Let's talk to Chris Eakin, author of


A Race Too Far, nice to see you, Chris, a former colleague, talk us


through these tactics. They have had to go north from Sables-d'Ollone


because of the wind, and they have now made their final move, their


final tack for home, they are looking at coming in a little bit


later, tomorrow afternoon, tomorrow evening, and Alex has slipped back a


bit, now 57 miles behind, the last positional report. That is a she,


and there is no doubt now that he can win through raw speed alone, he


needs something to happen. But there is a history of things happening at


this stage of a race that has been going on for two and a half months,


they are all clapped out, the boats and the skippers are tired, so you


never know. A lot of people have become aware of this race just in


the last few days, and is speed these machines are going out is


quite something. A lot of the time they are like powerboats, Alex broke


the 24-hour record only a few days ago in this race, doing 23 knots on


average for that 24 hours. If you look at the first attempt to go


around the world by Robin Lod Johnston in 1968-9, his average


speed was just over 4 knots. These are spectacularly different worlds,


you can see is both there filmed in the Southern Ocean by a French naval


helicopter. Really powerful beast of a boat. You can see the blade, these


are very new, very radical, and a little bit before the shots he lost


the starboard one, the one on the right-hand two weeks into the race,


so he has been at a advantage. Does it continue at this speed even when


the pilot is sleeping? It does, and Alex has a problem with his


autopilot, which controls the steering, but in a 24 hours, he will


have gone to sleep, the last two days he has had very little sleep,


but that is because of technical problems that have made the


autopilot difficult to use. But they absolutely keep going relentlessly.


Robin Knox Johnston took ten months to get around, and Alex has said


that is tougher than what he does, but you can see the contrast. It is


a big sport in a number of different ways, but this race has a hold on


the imagination. The French in particular are just huge on it, our


stars, people like mike Golding, I don't know how many Britons have


heard of him, but he cannot sit in a pavement cafe in Paris without


people coming up to him. All of our guys speak French, because the


French are so much into it, and of course we invented all of this,


Robin Knox-Johnston's tack won very much against a Frenchman,


incidentally, there were nine in the race, but the Frenchman was the main


contender with him. It is an extraordinary thing, the British


have led the way, and now we are struggling no non-Frenchman has ever


won this race, as you say, every four years, they call list tonight


it's the Everest of the seas. It looks incredibly expensive, it is


quite a niche sport, how does it add? It is like Formula One in many


respects, the boats cost at least ?3 million, and the whole team


organisation considerably more, and that is why you see big sponsor


names on these lead boats. Only six of the 29 boats have got those foils


I was talking about, they are the big-money teams, just like Formula


One, there will only ever be two teams who can win this season, very


similar. Before I let you go, there are those who will not finish, some


contestants who have got a long way to go. It is a good question, and it


illustrates how this is a photo finish. Third place is more than 700


miles behind the lead two, and the back of the fleet is 9000 miles


away, that is how fast election Armel Le Cleac'h have been, deeply


impressive. -- that is how fast election. I hope the French will


turn out for the late arrivals as well it might they will turn out for


a Frenchman, you can bet your bottom dollar on that!


CSKA Moscow have headed to Spain's Costa Blanca


to try and get some sunshine during their mid-season break.


It's pretty cold in Moscow right now.


This is what they got - a complete white-out.


You can just about make out the goals on the training pitch, but


probably not that the Mark Watt they were after, but I'm sure it reminds


them of home! Each day, this week I've


picked out one rally It takes place in Grand Central


Station in New York. As you'll see,


this rally goes on and on. This is the UK's James Wilstrop


against New Zealand's Paul Coll. Wilstrop won,


he'll play Karim Abdel Gawad. He's one of two Egyptians


in the men's semis. Egypt is the most successful squash


country, in part due to former leader Hosni Mubarak,


who was a keen player. Anyway, back to this rally,


it's about to hot up. Goodness me, this is great! Goodness


me, only matter of time! Or! There goes, the acknowledgement,


that is the biggest of the day! Thanks to the PSA for sending us


those pictures. By the way, we're making a big


effort to cover sports that normally don't get


too much of the limelight. This week, it's been


squash and sailing. Let's turn to some important


scientific findings that have come out today.


2016 was the hottest year since records began over a century ago.


Average global temperatures edged ahead of 2015,


and are now 1.1 degrees higher than pre-industrial levels.


In fact, it is the third consecutive year


that the record has been broken, according to Nasa.


Scientists believe that the El Nino weather phenomenon


played a role, but that increasing levels


of greenhouse gases were the main factor.


and the latest data suggests that 2016 was a record-breaking year.


This winter, parts of the Arctic have had a heatwave,


when they should have been far below.


While Australia's Great Barrier Reef was transformed to this.


Vast swathes of coral were killed off as the waters warmed.


2015 was the warmest year on record up until now,


It's beaten it by about 0.1, 0.12 degrees Celsius,


but in terms of the yearly variations, it is actually huge.


Part of this rise was caused by an El Nino event,


a warm ocean current that disrupts the world's weather.


But scientists say greenhouse gases were the main driver.


This shows how global temperatures have increased


The bigger the circle, the hotter the year.


And the latest data, collected by Nasa and meteorological


agencies around the world, suggest 2016 is the third year


The global temperature is edging ever closer


Scientists say a rise of two degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels


could lead to dangerous impacts around the world.


So a lower limit of 1.5 Celsius was set by the Paris climate


agreement, a global deal that came into force last year.


But with carbon dioxide at record levels, scientists say


this is a temperature threshold we are on course to surpass.


To tackle global warming, the world is being urged


to move away from fossil fuels like coal.


But in the US, Donald Trump has said he wants to revive the industry,


and has threatened to pull America out of the Paris climate agreement.


The woman who brokered the deal is concerned.


If the US chooses to exit the road and the path that has been pursued


by every other country in the world, it is only going to damage itself,


because it will become less competitive.


We are moving toward a de-carbonised society.


All eyes will now be on this year's data.


Already, scientists forecast that 2017 won't be as warm,


But they say longer term, unless action is taken,


A lot more background on that story from BBC News if you wanted. In a


few minutes, this report in full from Jon Kay, who has been


travelling from state to state in the US head of Donald Trump's


inauguration. His latest reporters from Tennessee, we will have that in


a few minutes' time. That report is from.


Unemployment in the UK has fallen to its lowest level


The jobless total dropped by just over 50,000


between September and November and now stands at 1.6 million.


But as our economics correspondent Andy Verity reports,


the number of people in employment is no longer growing.


This farmer and a food processor near King's Lynn in Norfolk supplies


root vegetables like carrots to all the major food retailers from M to


Morrisons, but it is being squeezed. It has been forced to offer higher


wages to attract the people it needs to do the work, regardless of the


living wage. It says that is because the supply of workers from the rest


of the European Union has now gone into reverse. We are struggling to


fill positions at the minute, it is a very fluid marketplace, inflation


in wages in our sector at the minute, which is being driven by


some EU citizens going home and moving from the UK marketplace, and


it is creating a vacuum. In the three months to the end of November,


the number of unemployed people dropped by 52,000 down to 1.6


million. It remains at its lowest rate in 12 is, 4.8%. The average


weekly pay packet was ?477, up by ?12 compared to a year ago or 2.7%.


Businesses can't always pass on the higher cost of labour by simply


charging higher prices. Simon will have to wait until you renegotiate


his contract with his customers, the food companies and retailers, and


they won't want big price increases. All of us are looking to try and


recoup some of this back. I think the load has got to be shared by


all, and that includes the consumer. If tighter labour markets are


offering modestly paid workers the chance to big up their wages, many


economists will see that as positive. We are seeing quite a


robust edge to the UK economy, consistent with the other economic


data that we have had. Hiring has not slowed down materially, and


people are finding jobs and finding jobs at improved wage levels. But


there has been a marked change since the Brexit vote. For 20 years now,


the number of people in work in the UK has been hitting new records. In


the three months to the end of November, it dipped slightly, and it


is no higher than it was in July. Andy Verity, BBC News.


I am Roz Atkins with the latest news from the BBC newsroom, Barack Obama


has given the final news conference of his presidency, touching on


issues such as Donald Trump, Russia and his decision to free Chelsea


Manning. This is what you have got coming up later.


If you're outside of the UK, it's World News America next,


with a special report from inside Aleppo


In the UK it is the News At Ten, where the lead story is Brexit with


Huw Edwards. We will also hear from Davos and Strasbourg.


Now, a story we covered a couple of weeks ago, the first freight train


to travel directly to the UK from China has arrived here in London.


The Chinese government is calling it the new silk route. Andy Moore has


more on this story. The train began its journey


at a giant container depot in China. 34 carriages were loaded with goods,


such as clothes, bags China has been operating trains


to 14 European capitals from this Now, London has been


added to the list. Now, London has been


added to the list. Because of different rail


gauges along the way, the containers have to be offloaded


and reloaded several times, but China sees this


as a new version of the Silk Route. In all, the train, carrying


?4 million worth of goods, on its journey of more


than 7,500 miles. The UK is China's seventh-biggest


trading market, so the boost to Chinese enterprise is clear,


but it is also hoped the train will make the journey back to China


laden with British goods. Back to US politics one more time.


It is Donald Trump's inauguration on Friday, and you will see extensive


coverage from BBC News. All week we've been playing


you reports from Jon Kay. He wasn't Barack Obama's favourite


diner in Chicago yesterday. This report comes from Tennessee.


If you want to understand Donald Trump's election win,


Next to Route 45, the Ohio River meets the Mississippi.


It's an essential artery for the US economy,


carrying 18 million tonnes of cargo every year.


But things aren't what they used to be.


The locks which boats pass through here have seen better days.


Nearly 100 years old, they regularly break down,


A boat could be waiting out for 52 hours before coming through?


Mark, the lock keeper, says it's a struggle


The concrete is starting to break up and crumble.


Every time it gets hit by a boat as it lands on it it puts pressure


on it and causes more cracks and stress on it, we patch it


together and try and keep it going, but it's not going to last forever.


to rebuild America's rivers, roads and railways,


a promise that's won him plenty of support round here,


but he hasn't said where the money will come from.


We head back on Route 45 to see the kind of project


the new President wants to encourage.


A huge dam and lock system to replace the failing one downriver.


It's nearly 20 years behind schedule and $2 billion over budget.


Many here believe Donald Trump's life in business


I think he if he really wants to put his mind with it


and really wants to work with the people, for sure, why not?


One person can't do it, but if you take a group of people


and you've got good conversation communication skills,


good listening skills, you can pretty much accomplish anything.


Has he got those skills? I hope so.


Trump's critics say his pledges are unrealistic and unaffordable.


But in an area where jobs can be scarce,


We drive on into America's rural south.


There are two million farms in this country.


Will a property developer president understand this business?


students are learning how to weigh and vaccinate cattle.


Stick it in, press it forward, pull it out.


Some are gonna be more willing to go forward,


Sounds like politicians! I guess so!


Donald Trump won nearly 80% of the vote in the Martin area.


and in turn they have confidence in him.


He might have a few mess-ups on the way,


but eventually he'll figure it all out.


We're always going to need agriculture, that's what feeds us.


So we're going to need it to keep going.


But is farming compatible with Trump's plans for building?


What about the land, the environment?


Donald Trump is a man you associate with skyscrapers


and New York City, not with farming and places like this.


Do you think he understands you and what you want to do?


I think he's going to help small-town people also out.


I don't think he's going to be the big-city man


What about farming, does he understand farming?


Not as well as some agriculture people.


Whether it's agriculture or infrastructure,


in these communities away from Washington,


many feel Trump will be a President who finally speaks for them -


someone not just following the political herd.


I was mentioning that we were trying to focus on sports that do not get


all the limelight, you have given me some good ideas. Justin in Cambridge


says, what about tour de ski, where people ski up mountains. And Jay in


Dublin says, how about a Spanish sport which is a crash between


tennis, squash and real tennis, where you take the ball off the back


wall as well? Obligated but it looks good, we will try to cover those


next week. -- quite complicated.


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