24/01/2017 Outside Source


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These are some of the main story is here in the BBC newsroom. President


Trump has signed an executive orders which reverse blocks on two major


oil pipelines in the US. We will build our own pipeline. We will


build our own eggs. That is what it has to do with. Like we used to in


the old days. His choice of US ambassador to the UN has been


approved. We will talk to Barbara Platt Asher about that live at the


State Department in a couple of moments. The Supreme Court has ruled


that the UK Parliament, not the government, should be responsible


for triggering the Brexit process. We will get more on that from the


BBC news up right now. We are also going to talk about the latest talks


on the Syria conflict. We are in Kazakhstan. There has been a new


resolution on how to maintain the current national ceasefire. In its


board, we look at allegations from one of UK cycling's biggest stories


that this was a sport run by men for men.


We will put up some copy cat has come into the BBC newsroom and show


this. It concerns the US Senate Foreign Relations Committee. There


is no copy to show you. What I was going to say was that the South


Carolina Governor, Nicky Healy, has received approval from the relevant


committee to be Donald Trump's ambassador to the United Nations.


Confirmation in the full Senate should follow. Nicky Healy was


overwhelmingly approved. It has to be said it has been a less easy ride


for Rex Tillerson, nominee for Secretary of State. All the


Democrats considering his nomination voted against the appointment. It


still went through. Let's go live to the State Department. For those


getting to know Nicky Healy for the first time, give us an introduction.


Well, she is the daughter of Indian immigrants. She is one of the few


people of colour and, frankly, women in Mr Trump's cabinet. She is


governor of South Carolina and a rising star in the Republican party.


She did not support Mr Trump in the primaries and she criticised him


because of his inflammatory statements, but even so, he chose


her to be ambassador to the UN. Although there were concerns, or


questions, about her lack of diplomatic experience, I think many


senators felt she handled herself professionally. She came


well-prepared to the committee and had a sense of humour. It is a


high-profile job, perhaps more so than it would have been ten or 15


years ago. Well, yes, for a number of reasons. Is a question how Mr


Trump will approach the United Nations, because he has been


somewhat dismissive in his comments about it in the few comments he has


made. He will approach it like he approaches other things, are


Americans getting value for money, which has raised eyebrows at the yen


because the US that's a lot of money in. The other thing is the open


fight on the Security Council between Russia and China on the one


hand and Western states on the other, especially on Syria. There is


a question of weather Miss Healy will be able to cope with that. The


Democratic senators who wondered about that were pleased with tough


line on Russia. She was willing to call Russian bombing of Alaba warm


war crimes which Rex Tillerson would not do. The top Democratic senator


went so far as to say he felt she would be willing and able to speak


truth to power, including two Mr Trump as well as to Russia and China


on the Security Council. We were reporting on these new settlements


that Israel is good to build. Two and half thousand new homes. I'm


interested to hear what you have been hearing on that issue at the


State Department. I would be interested to know what the White


House is thinking because the spokesman, John Spicer, was asked


about that and he didn't really answer directly. He talked about how


much the US wants to be a close ally of Israel but said in terms of


expansion of settlements, Mr Trump would talk with that about this with


Mr Netanyahu when he comes off his visit in factory. That leaves us


wondering could it be possible that the settlement policy will change?


The settlement policy has been that it is illegitimate and it is an


obstacle to peace. That is what Barack Obama kept hammering home.


That is what we kept hearing in this building again and again when new


housing settlements were announced. Today we could not get any comment


from officials here. We have to see what actually transpires. Mr Trump


has signalled he could be more tolerant of the settlement building,


not least because his appointment for his choice for ambassador is


very pro-settlement. He also signalled he wants to broker a peace


deal and, presumably, he would also have to take into account the


Palestinian position. We will have to wait until Mr Netanyahu visits to


get an answer. I am curious to hear about your impressions about how


things have changed with the Obama administration leaving and the Trump


Administration coming in. Can you tell the difference in how people


are working? It is hard to answer that question because things are in


limbo here. We don't have the Secretary of State, we don't know


who his senior staff will be, which is important to know. We don't have


daily briefings, we don't know what the State Department position is on


things because it is not being formulated. What we are getting is


out of the White House and Mr Spicer to was saying he would pass on


foreign policy questions saying we don't have our Secretary of State.


He accused the Democrats of delaying full Senate vote on some of these


candidates, saying they were stolen. In fact, the Democrats are delaying


the vote. They say it is because they want a full floor debate on


some of these controversial candidates, even though they will


probably still get confirmed. Those of you watching every day on Outside


Source for the foreseeable future, we will update you on all the


developments concerning the Trump presidency with the help of our team


in America. If you want to catch up with all the developments on the


Trump presidency, Outside Source will be a good way to did. Let's


from Washington to Kazakhstan. Day two of the Syria peace talks have


come to an end. We appear to have a new deal on how the current


ceasefire in Syria is being enforced. This is what we heard


earlier. There has been a declaration by three of the most


powerful players in Syria, Russia, Turkey and Iran. They have committed


themselves to working together. Not just working together, but setting


up a kind of a monitoring mechanism to ensure that a three-week-old


ceasefire in Syria sticks this time. That is significant, because two


ceasefires last year broke down because there was an engagement by


the outside powers and there wasn't a way to actually observe and to


supervise the ceasefire. This is a step forward. But, this is serious,


so it is still tough. The opposition said the sceptical. They don't want


Iran to be part of this process. They blame Iran Iranian backed


militias for violating the ceasefire and are still not sure if the


mechanism will work. The success of these talks will become clearer in


the weeks to come. Where does President Assad fit into the


equation? President Assad, the symbol of love President Assad has


been the main point in the Syrian warm since it began. The scene


throughout the past nearly six years, that his fate has mattered


more than the fate of 22 million people. It comes up every time there


are talks or a suggestion of talks. His supporters say his fate cannot


be decided in a negotiating process like this, it can only be decided in


elections by the Syrian people. The opposition and their backers say


that unless he steps down this will that unless he steps down this will


continue to be a factor fuelling the warm in Syria. What has happened


here is they have focused on just one thing, on the ceasefire. You


cannot do anything, you cannot move forward on humanitarian aid or


political discussions, creating political space, until the guns fall


silent and at least a large part of Syria is at peace. There must be


cross then for them to move onto more difficult dishes. That is


happening now. These talks might lead back to the UN mediated talks


in Geneva next month where political representatives of the government


and opposition sides will meet again. Let's see what happens. There


is a little bit more open now. Still in love lies ahead. A little more


hope is better than none. Few journalists follow the Syria


conflict so closely. Let's begin the sport by talking about cycling. The


Parliamentary enquiry into the rain in British sport has been hearing


some damning evidence today. It has come from one of the biggest cycling


stars, the former Olympic and world champion Nicole Cooke. She is


claiming that British cycling was a sport is run by men, for men and


that anti-doping efforts were not working. She also said she is


sceptical of sticking -- Team Sky's drug free credentials. That is when


an RFID can request to take a banned substance for medical reasons. She


said, taking the easy just before a major event raises questions for me.


Wiggins was granted three exemptions to take an anti-inflammatory drug


between 2011 and 2013. Let's talk through this story with the help of


Ollie Foster. He is life in the BBC sports editor. She didn't pull


punches, did she? She certainly didn't. Very strong words from


Macaulay Cup. It is a massive enquiry. The title of this enquiry


from the Parliamentary select committee is combating doping in


sport. Lord Coe has appeared before this committee. They want him to


give more evidence, but it is cycling on which they were analysing


the evidence from the conflict. It is about those exemptions, the


evidence given by Sir David Brailsford who is in charge of the


British cycling team just before Christmas. It was about the package


delivered to the team around Bradley Wiggins, one of his races in fronts


and, one of the hand grenades she threw today was saying can we really


trust Team Sky after all that evidence which would she really


wanted to town because she has accused the UCI, the world governing


body of cycling of being sexist. She also accused British cycling of


being sexist. She said UK anti-doping, she had no faith in the


system, it was the wrong people with the wrong tools who were trying to


eradicate doping and all the testing. There has been some


response to what the cocoa had to say to that Parliament committee. UK


sport saying, she had a go at them as well, they did not take it


seriously at all. Only governing bodies such as British cycling to


come. They said they'd take the responsibilities very seriously as


an investor of public funds. UK anti-doping says it welcomes this


debate and the enquiry has sparked it, highlighting the challenges it


faces. British cycling has pointed to the increased participation in


women's cycling and the great result they have had in women's cycling.


Nicole Cooke is not a printer punches. It really has sparked this


to be even more. It is a massive enquiry and this will go on and on.


Thank you for that. There is more on the BBC sport website. Here is a


treat from Andrew Benson saying it has been coming, but this is a truly


defining moment in the history of one of the word's biggest sports.


What Andrew is talking about is, Formula 1 is a new chief executive.


He is called Chase Carey. We talked about the fact he would be replacing


this month, Bernie Ecclestone, who ran the sport for 40 years. Today,


Mr Chase announced the sport needs to be changed fundamentally. Here he


is sitting down with BBC sport editor Dan Rowan. Bernie is a


one-man team, it is not an organisation capable, the red


organisation for a two-day's word to follow through and build


relationships, both the opportunities for us. On this port


side, the decision-making has not been as effective as it needs to be.


I think some of the organisation that has been put up to guide the


sport, if not work as planned. It is a great sport, but clearly it can be


improved. I think we do plan to improve it. It needs a fresh start.


I don't know whether the decision-making is not what it


should be because there is too much history amongst the players. One of


the benefits we bring is a fresh start. We don't have an agenda other


than to make the support group for its fans. If you are into


snowmobiles you will appreciate it is widely considered to be the holy


grail of tricks. Have a look at this Swedish writer.


That is Daniel Bowden becoming the first person to ever complete a


double backflip on a snowmobile. It is as dangerous as it looks. This


sport will feature in the upcoming winter X games in Aspen, Colorado.


There is a good slow motion video. You can see as the Landseer, he came


very close to not completing this trip. He leans over and over on his


left hand side then, just at the last minute manages to get it and


became a very happy man. There he is. Oh my God. Everything, my whole


life was going through my mind. My whole life. I still haven't realised


that I needed. I am the first in order to do a double backflip on a


stone will be that weighs almost ?500. I promised my girlfriend I


would never do it again, but who knows. Now, in a few minutes we will


be live in Los Angeles to cast our eyes over the Oscar nominations.


Though surprised to see La La Land doing very well. 14 nominations for


the musical. Meryl Streep has been making Academy history. We will tell


you how. Let's bring you more now on the ruling from the Supreme Court


that the UK Parliament must vote before the government can sort the


Brexit process. The BBC understands a bill to trigger article 50 and get


negotiations underway will be introduced to MPs on Thursday with


the hope it could be passed by the House of Commons in a fortnight.


What do voters make of this ruling? Here is Danny Savage.


When it came to the decision on whether to leave the EU or stay,


Leeds voted to remain, but only just.


Months later, what do the 49.7% who voted to leave


think now that the issue is going back to Parliament?


We voted to get out, so why can't we get out?


We vote for the Prime Minister come in, the Prime Minister comes in.


We vote to leave, and they stall and stall.


A lot of countries want to do business with England,


We don't like the guy, but that's not the point.


Never mind other people, let's get this country going again.


But remember, the majority in this city voted to stay and many


Shamal is from Iraq and thinks Europe should stick together.


I don't know what is going to happen.


Would you rather they stopped Brexit now and kept in Europe?


I was totally opposed to Brexit and I voted against leaving the EU.


At a nearby butcher's, Jim believes things would be


different if we'd known then what we know now.


I know people who voted for Brexit who didn't understand


the circumstances and consequences of what we were voting for.


I think before the referendum, we were not totally told what it


implied with Brexit and what it means to stay in the EU or to leave.


Do you wish Brexit would just go away?


If I could turn the clock back 12 months and start all over again,


I think the lead-up to the referendum


Broadly speaking, those who voted for Brexit just want the Government


Those who didn't are still against it, but see it as inevitable.


This is Outside Source, live in the BBC newsroom. Our lead story


concerns Donald Trump. He signed executive to be lodged to


controversial oil pipelines. The same projects were rejected by


Barack Obama after years of campaigning by environmentalists.


Let's quickly show you what is coming up after Outside Source.


Outside the UK it is world News America. There is a report from


China which is looking at ways in which Beijing can respond to a


potential trade war with the US. Here in the UK, the news at ten is


next. This week marks 60 years since the uprising in Egypt ousted whose


name. We do get the money eventually replaced. I am often saying if you


have any questions on this is recovered you can still. Federico is


walking -- watching in the Republic of Ireland and he asked what our


presidential executive orders, what powers to begin Donald Trump is a


limit on the US? These are legally binding documents, instructions to


government departments and how they behave in certain policy areas. A


presidential executive order cannot reverse a law that has been passed


by Congress, but it can be used to overturn previous executive orders


passed by presidents beforehand. Donald Trump can overturn a


presidential executive order by Barack Obama. If that helps. I'm


questions, get in touch. Let's talk about the Oscar nominations. No


surprise that La La Land is in pole position. It has 14 nominations. As


a record for one film. It ties in with Titanic and all about Eve. This


is a musical. Two leads, Ryan Gosling and Emma Stone, are both up


for best actor and Best actress respectively. The director is also


nominated. Here is some of the trailer for the film. It is conflict


and it is very exciting. Now, do you remember there was


controversy last year about the lack of adversity among Oscar winners.


This year the nominees are certainly not so white. Moonlight looks at gay


black culture. It has received eight nominations. Its director is Terry


Jenkins. If he were to win he would be the first black director to


receive the award. Let's bring in Peter Pozen. Here is some of the


trailer of the film first. Remember the last time I saw you? You are my


only, I am your only. Listen. So who? To you? That speak to Peter.


Those controversies around a lack of diversity 12 months ago still feel


pretty fresh, how far have the Oscars shifted? Well, if you look at


the nominations, it appears they shifted a long way. The nominations


are the most racially diverse they have been for a couple of decades.


The big question is these movies, these funds were being made at this


time last year. Some of them have been in production for several


years. Maybe it is a bit of a stretch to say changes made at the


Academy less than 12 months ago have affected significantly the nominees


this year. It may have affected in terms of the thinking of the Oscar


voters, looking at the array of films and actors and actresses that


they could have voted for. It is difficult to say precisely how much


of an effect controversy last year had. We will know if we look longer


term, if there are racially diverse nominees for years to come, what we


might think things are changing. I want to talk about Meryl Streep. It


isn't just La La Land making history. Here is what I was good to


tell you about. Donald Trump said she was overrated. She is now the


first person to receive for the acting nominees. She has won three


Oscars. The first was in 1979. This year she is nominated for her


performance in the biopic of Florence Foster Jenkins. Tell us


about the performance. I have seen it. It is a great performance. She


plays an opera singer who is tone deaf, who cannot sing. It is a true


story and it is very difficult to go on camera and act as if you can't


sing. She pulls it off extremely well. It is a very entertaining


film. Yes, as you said, she now has 20 Oscar nominations to her name is


breaking the record which was set by Meryl Streep when she had banking


nominations. She is way ahead of any other actor or actress. That is why


she is often described, especially here in Los Angeles, as the greatest


living actor. Tell us when the big ideas. The big night is toward the


end of next month. There are about five weeks of campaigning to go.


That is what it is all about. For the studios, for the actors as well,


there is a certain amount of active campaigning, appearing in front of


audiences, talking about their role, trying to cajole and perhaps


influence the Oscar voters to win the ultimate prize in show business.


It is extremely important of his actors and directors. Thank you very


much indeed. We ain't in Los Angeles. We started in Washington,


we have been to Kazakhstan. I will see you at the same time tomorrow.


How has the winter been for you so far? Mind for the most part. If you


could spells with fog and frost, but not much rain. That theme extends


back to the autumn. This chart shows rainfall for


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