24/01/2017 Outside Source


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24/01/2017

Ros Atkins with an innovative take on the latest global stories.


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These are some of the main story is here in the BBC newsroom. President

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Trump has signed an executive orders which reverse blocks on two major

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oil pipelines in the US. We will build our own pipeline. We will

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build our own eggs. That is what it has to do with. Like we used to in

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the old days. His choice of US ambassador to the UN has been

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approved. We will talk to Barbara Platt Asher about that live at the

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State Department in a couple of moments. The Supreme Court has ruled

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that the UK Parliament, not the government, should be responsible

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for triggering the Brexit process. We will get more on that from the

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BBC news up right now. We are also going to talk about the latest talks

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on the Syria conflict. We are in Kazakhstan. There has been a new

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resolution on how to maintain the current national ceasefire. In its

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board, we look at allegations from one of UK cycling's biggest stories

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that this was a sport run by men for men.

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We will put up some copy cat has come into the BBC newsroom and show

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this. It concerns the US Senate Foreign Relations Committee. There

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is no copy to show you. What I was going to say was that the South

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Carolina Governor, Nicky Healy, has received approval from the relevant

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committee to be Donald Trump's ambassador to the United Nations.

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Confirmation in the full Senate should follow. Nicky Healy was

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overwhelmingly approved. It has to be said it has been a less easy ride

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for Rex Tillerson, nominee for Secretary of State. All the

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Democrats considering his nomination voted against the appointment. It

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still went through. Let's go live to the State Department. For those

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getting to know Nicky Healy for the first time, give us an introduction.

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Well, she is the daughter of Indian immigrants. She is one of the few

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people of colour and, frankly, women in Mr Trump's cabinet. She is

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governor of South Carolina and a rising star in the Republican party.

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She did not support Mr Trump in the primaries and she criticised him

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because of his inflammatory statements, but even so, he chose

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her to be ambassador to the UN. Although there were concerns, or

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questions, about her lack of diplomatic experience, I think many

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senators felt she handled herself professionally. She came

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well-prepared to the committee and had a sense of humour. It is a

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high-profile job, perhaps more so than it would have been ten or 15

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years ago. Well, yes, for a number of reasons. Is a question how Mr

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Trump will approach the United Nations, because he has been

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somewhat dismissive in his comments about it in the few comments he has

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made. He will approach it like he approaches other things, are

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Americans getting value for money, which has raised eyebrows at the yen

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because the US that's a lot of money in. The other thing is the open

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fight on the Security Council between Russia and China on the one

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hand and Western states on the other, especially on Syria. There is

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a question of weather Miss Healy will be able to cope with that. The

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Democratic senators who wondered about that were pleased with tough

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line on Russia. She was willing to call Russian bombing of Alaba warm

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war crimes which Rex Tillerson would not do. The top Democratic senator

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went so far as to say he felt she would be willing and able to speak

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truth to power, including two Mr Trump as well as to Russia and China

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on the Security Council. We were reporting on these new settlements

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that Israel is good to build. Two and half thousand new homes. I'm

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interested to hear what you have been hearing on that issue at the

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State Department. I would be interested to know what the White

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House is thinking because the spokesman, John Spicer, was asked

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about that and he didn't really answer directly. He talked about how

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much the US wants to be a close ally of Israel but said in terms of

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expansion of settlements, Mr Trump would talk with that about this with

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Mr Netanyahu when he comes off his visit in factory. That leaves us

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wondering could it be possible that the settlement policy will change?

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The settlement policy has been that it is illegitimate and it is an

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obstacle to peace. That is what Barack Obama kept hammering home.

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That is what we kept hearing in this building again and again when new

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housing settlements were announced. Today we could not get any comment

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from officials here. We have to see what actually transpires. Mr Trump

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has signalled he could be more tolerant of the settlement building,

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not least because his appointment for his choice for ambassador is

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very pro-settlement. He also signalled he wants to broker a peace

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deal and, presumably, he would also have to take into account the

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Palestinian position. We will have to wait until Mr Netanyahu visits to

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get an answer. I am curious to hear about your impressions about how

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things have changed with the Obama administration leaving and the Trump

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Administration coming in. Can you tell the difference in how people

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are working? It is hard to answer that question because things are in

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limbo here. We don't have the Secretary of State, we don't know

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who his senior staff will be, which is important to know. We don't have

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daily briefings, we don't know what the State Department position is on

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things because it is not being formulated. What we are getting is

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out of the White House and Mr Spicer to was saying he would pass on

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foreign policy questions saying we don't have our Secretary of State.

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He accused the Democrats of delaying full Senate vote on some of these

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candidates, saying they were stolen. In fact, the Democrats are delaying

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the vote. They say it is because they want a full floor debate on

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some of these controversial candidates, even though they will

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probably still get confirmed. Those of you watching every day on Outside

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Source for the foreseeable future, we will update you on all the

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developments concerning the Trump presidency with the help of our team

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in America. If you want to catch up with all the developments on the

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Trump presidency, Outside Source will be a good way to did. Let's

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from Washington to Kazakhstan. Day two of the Syria peace talks have

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come to an end. We appear to have a new deal on how the current

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ceasefire in Syria is being enforced. This is what we heard

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earlier. There has been a declaration by three of the most

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powerful players in Syria, Russia, Turkey and Iran. They have committed

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themselves to working together. Not just working together, but setting

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up a kind of a monitoring mechanism to ensure that a three-week-old

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ceasefire in Syria sticks this time. That is significant, because two

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ceasefires last year broke down because there was an engagement by

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the outside powers and there wasn't a way to actually observe and to

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supervise the ceasefire. This is a step forward. But, this is serious,

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so it is still tough. The opposition said the sceptical. They don't want

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Iran to be part of this process. They blame Iran Iranian backed

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militias for violating the ceasefire and are still not sure if the

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mechanism will work. The success of these talks will become clearer in

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the weeks to come. Where does President Assad fit into the

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equation? President Assad, the symbol of love President Assad has

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been the main point in the Syrian warm since it began. The scene

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throughout the past nearly six years, that his fate has mattered

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more than the fate of 22 million people. It comes up every time there

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are talks or a suggestion of talks. His supporters say his fate cannot

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be decided in a negotiating process like this, it can only be decided in

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elections by the Syrian people. The opposition and their backers say

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that unless he steps down this will that unless he steps down this will

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continue to be a factor fuelling the warm in Syria. What has happened

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here is they have focused on just one thing, on the ceasefire. You

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cannot do anything, you cannot move forward on humanitarian aid or

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political discussions, creating political space, until the guns fall

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silent and at least a large part of Syria is at peace. There must be

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cross then for them to move onto more difficult dishes. That is

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happening now. These talks might lead back to the UN mediated talks

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in Geneva next month where political representatives of the government

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and opposition sides will meet again. Let's see what happens. There

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is a little bit more open now. Still in love lies ahead. A little more

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hope is better than none. Few journalists follow the Syria

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conflict so closely. Let's begin the sport by talking about cycling. The

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Parliamentary enquiry into the rain in British sport has been hearing

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some damning evidence today. It has come from one of the biggest cycling

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stars, the former Olympic and world champion Nicole Cooke. She is

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claiming that British cycling was a sport is run by men, for men and

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that anti-doping efforts were not working. She also said she is

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sceptical of sticking -- Team Sky's drug free credentials. That is when

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an RFID can request to take a banned substance for medical reasons. She

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said, taking the easy just before a major event raises questions for me.

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Wiggins was granted three exemptions to take an anti-inflammatory drug

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between 2011 and 2013. Let's talk through this story with the help of

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Ollie Foster. He is life in the BBC sports editor. She didn't pull

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punches, did she? She certainly didn't. Very strong words from

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Macaulay Cup. It is a massive enquiry. The title of this enquiry

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from the Parliamentary select committee is combating doping in

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sport. Lord Coe has appeared before this committee. They want him to

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give more evidence, but it is cycling on which they were analysing

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the evidence from the conflict. It is about those exemptions, the

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evidence given by Sir David Brailsford who is in charge of the

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British cycling team just before Christmas. It was about the package

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delivered to the team around Bradley Wiggins, one of his races in fronts

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and, one of the hand grenades she threw today was saying can we really

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trust Team Sky after all that evidence which would she really

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wanted to town because she has accused the UCI, the world governing

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body of cycling of being sexist. She also accused British cycling of

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being sexist. She said UK anti-doping, she had no faith in the

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system, it was the wrong people with the wrong tools who were trying to

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eradicate doping and all the testing. There has been some

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response to what the cocoa had to say to that Parliament committee. UK

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sport saying, she had a go at them as well, they did not take it

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seriously at all. Only governing bodies such as British cycling to

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come. They said they'd take the responsibilities very seriously as

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an investor of public funds. UK anti-doping says it welcomes this

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debate and the enquiry has sparked it, highlighting the challenges it

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faces. British cycling has pointed to the increased participation in

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women's cycling and the great result they have had in women's cycling.

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Nicole Cooke is not a printer punches. It really has sparked this

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to be even more. It is a massive enquiry and this will go on and on.

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Thank you for that. There is more on the BBC sport website. Here is a

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treat from Andrew Benson saying it has been coming, but this is a truly

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defining moment in the history of one of the word's biggest sports.

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What Andrew is talking about is, Formula 1 is a new chief executive.

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He is called Chase Carey. We talked about the fact he would be replacing

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this month, Bernie Ecclestone, who ran the sport for 40 years. Today,

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Mr Chase announced the sport needs to be changed fundamentally. Here he

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is sitting down with BBC sport editor Dan Rowan. Bernie is a

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one-man team, it is not an organisation capable, the red

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organisation for a two-day's word to follow through and build

:13:35.:13:37.

relationships, both the opportunities for us. On this port

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side, the decision-making has not been as effective as it needs to be.

:13:48.:13:53.

I think some of the organisation that has been put up to guide the

:13:54.:14:01.

sport, if not work as planned. It is a great sport, but clearly it can be

:14:02.:14:05.

improved. I think we do plan to improve it. It needs a fresh start.

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I don't know whether the decision-making is not what it

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should be because there is too much history amongst the players. One of

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the benefits we bring is a fresh start. We don't have an agenda other

:14:20.:14:22.

than to make the support group for its fans. If you are into

:14:23.:14:28.

snowmobiles you will appreciate it is widely considered to be the holy

:14:29.:14:32.

grail of tricks. Have a look at this Swedish writer.

:14:33.:14:42.

That is Daniel Bowden becoming the first person to ever complete a

:14:43.:14:49.

double backflip on a snowmobile. It is as dangerous as it looks. This

:14:50.:14:55.

sport will feature in the upcoming winter X games in Aspen, Colorado.

:14:56.:15:01.

There is a good slow motion video. You can see as the Landseer, he came

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very close to not completing this trip. He leans over and over on his

:15:05.:15:10.

left hand side then, just at the last minute manages to get it and

:15:11.:15:14.

became a very happy man. There he is. Oh my God. Everything, my whole

:15:15.:15:22.

life was going through my mind. My whole life. I still haven't realised

:15:23.:15:31.

that I needed. I am the first in order to do a double backflip on a

:15:32.:15:35.

stone will be that weighs almost ?500. I promised my girlfriend I

:15:36.:15:40.

would never do it again, but who knows. Now, in a few minutes we will

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be live in Los Angeles to cast our eyes over the Oscar nominations.

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Though surprised to see La La Land doing very well. 14 nominations for

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the musical. Meryl Streep has been making Academy history. We will tell

:15:56.:16:05.

you how. Let's bring you more now on the ruling from the Supreme Court

:16:06.:16:10.

that the UK Parliament must vote before the government can sort the

:16:11.:16:14.

Brexit process. The BBC understands a bill to trigger article 50 and get

:16:15.:16:17.

negotiations underway will be introduced to MPs on Thursday with

:16:18.:16:22.

the hope it could be passed by the House of Commons in a fortnight.

:16:23.:16:28.

What do voters make of this ruling? Here is Danny Savage.

:16:29.:16:36.

When it came to the decision on whether to leave the EU or stay,

:16:37.:16:40.

Leeds voted to remain, but only just.

:16:41.:16:41.

Months later, what do the 49.7% who voted to leave

:16:42.:16:44.

think now that the issue is going back to Parliament?

:16:45.:16:46.

We voted to get out, so why can't we get out?

:16:47.:16:49.

We vote for the Prime Minister come in, the Prime Minister comes in.

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We vote to leave, and they stall and stall.

:16:54.:16:55.

A lot of countries want to do business with England,

:16:56.:17:01.

We don't like the guy, but that's not the point.

:17:02.:17:07.

Never mind other people, let's get this country going again.

:17:08.:17:15.

But remember, the majority in this city voted to stay and many

:17:16.:17:18.

Shamal is from Iraq and thinks Europe should stick together.

:17:19.:17:26.

I don't know what is going to happen.

:17:27.:17:29.

Would you rather they stopped Brexit now and kept in Europe?

:17:30.:17:35.

I was totally opposed to Brexit and I voted against leaving the EU.

:17:36.:17:40.

At a nearby butcher's, Jim believes things would be

:17:41.:17:43.

different if we'd known then what we know now.

:17:44.:17:50.

I know people who voted for Brexit who didn't understand

:17:51.:17:52.

the circumstances and consequences of what we were voting for.

:17:53.:17:59.

I think before the referendum, we were not totally told what it

:18:00.:18:02.

implied with Brexit and what it means to stay in the EU or to leave.

:18:03.:18:06.

Do you wish Brexit would just go away?

:18:07.:18:12.

If I could turn the clock back 12 months and start all over again,

:18:13.:18:15.

I think the lead-up to the referendum

:18:16.:18:17.

Broadly speaking, those who voted for Brexit just want the Government

:18:18.:18:21.

Those who didn't are still against it, but see it as inevitable.

:18:22.:18:25.

This is Outside Source, live in the BBC newsroom. Our lead story

:18:26.:18:50.

concerns Donald Trump. He signed executive to be lodged to

:18:51.:18:53.

controversial oil pipelines. The same projects were rejected by

:18:54.:18:58.

Barack Obama after years of campaigning by environmentalists.

:18:59.:19:01.

Let's quickly show you what is coming up after Outside Source.

:19:02.:19:04.

Outside the UK it is world News America. There is a report from

:19:05.:19:08.

China which is looking at ways in which Beijing can respond to a

:19:09.:19:13.

potential trade war with the US. Here in the UK, the news at ten is

:19:14.:19:18.

next. This week marks 60 years since the uprising in Egypt ousted whose

:19:19.:19:26.

name. We do get the money eventually replaced. I am often saying if you

:19:27.:19:35.

have any questions on this is recovered you can still. Federico is

:19:36.:19:39.

walking -- watching in the Republic of Ireland and he asked what our

:19:40.:19:43.

presidential executive orders, what powers to begin Donald Trump is a

:19:44.:19:48.

limit on the US? These are legally binding documents, instructions to

:19:49.:19:52.

government departments and how they behave in certain policy areas. A

:19:53.:19:56.

presidential executive order cannot reverse a law that has been passed

:19:57.:20:02.

by Congress, but it can be used to overturn previous executive orders

:20:03.:20:05.

passed by presidents beforehand. Donald Trump can overturn a

:20:06.:20:09.

presidential executive order by Barack Obama. If that helps. I'm

:20:10.:20:17.

questions, get in touch. Let's talk about the Oscar nominations. No

:20:18.:20:21.

surprise that La La Land is in pole position. It has 14 nominations. As

:20:22.:20:27.

a record for one film. It ties in with Titanic and all about Eve. This

:20:28.:20:33.

is a musical. Two leads, Ryan Gosling and Emma Stone, are both up

:20:34.:20:37.

for best actor and Best actress respectively. The director is also

:20:38.:20:45.

nominated. Here is some of the trailer for the film. It is conflict

:20:46.:20:48.

and it is very exciting. Now, do you remember there was

:20:49.:21:13.

controversy last year about the lack of adversity among Oscar winners.

:21:14.:21:18.

This year the nominees are certainly not so white. Moonlight looks at gay

:21:19.:21:21.

black culture. It has received eight nominations. Its director is Terry

:21:22.:21:28.

Jenkins. If he were to win he would be the first black director to

:21:29.:21:33.

receive the award. Let's bring in Peter Pozen. Here is some of the

:21:34.:21:40.

trailer of the film first. Remember the last time I saw you? You are my

:21:41.:21:56.

only, I am your only. Listen. So who? To you? That speak to Peter.

:21:57.:22:06.

Those controversies around a lack of diversity 12 months ago still feel

:22:07.:22:09.

pretty fresh, how far have the Oscars shifted? Well, if you look at

:22:10.:22:14.

the nominations, it appears they shifted a long way. The nominations

:22:15.:22:21.

are the most racially diverse they have been for a couple of decades.

:22:22.:22:26.

The big question is these movies, these funds were being made at this

:22:27.:22:29.

time last year. Some of them have been in production for several

:22:30.:22:33.

years. Maybe it is a bit of a stretch to say changes made at the

:22:34.:22:37.

Academy less than 12 months ago have affected significantly the nominees

:22:38.:22:42.

this year. It may have affected in terms of the thinking of the Oscar

:22:43.:22:46.

voters, looking at the array of films and actors and actresses that

:22:47.:22:51.

they could have voted for. It is difficult to say precisely how much

:22:52.:22:54.

of an effect controversy last year had. We will know if we look longer

:22:55.:22:58.

term, if there are racially diverse nominees for years to come, what we

:22:59.:23:05.

might think things are changing. I want to talk about Meryl Streep. It

:23:06.:23:10.

isn't just La La Land making history. Here is what I was good to

:23:11.:23:14.

tell you about. Donald Trump said she was overrated. She is now the

:23:15.:23:19.

first person to receive for the acting nominees. She has won three

:23:20.:23:25.

Oscars. The first was in 1979. This year she is nominated for her

:23:26.:23:30.

performance in the biopic of Florence Foster Jenkins. Tell us

:23:31.:23:34.

about the performance. I have seen it. It is a great performance. She

:23:35.:23:39.

plays an opera singer who is tone deaf, who cannot sing. It is a true

:23:40.:23:45.

story and it is very difficult to go on camera and act as if you can't

:23:46.:23:49.

sing. She pulls it off extremely well. It is a very entertaining

:23:50.:23:55.

film. Yes, as you said, she now has 20 Oscar nominations to her name is

:23:56.:24:00.

breaking the record which was set by Meryl Streep when she had banking

:24:01.:24:05.

nominations. She is way ahead of any other actor or actress. That is why

:24:06.:24:11.

she is often described, especially here in Los Angeles, as the greatest

:24:12.:24:16.

living actor. Tell us when the big ideas. The big night is toward the

:24:17.:24:23.

end of next month. There are about five weeks of campaigning to go.

:24:24.:24:28.

That is what it is all about. For the studios, for the actors as well,

:24:29.:24:33.

there is a certain amount of active campaigning, appearing in front of

:24:34.:24:37.

audiences, talking about their role, trying to cajole and perhaps

:24:38.:24:41.

influence the Oscar voters to win the ultimate prize in show business.

:24:42.:24:47.

It is extremely important of his actors and directors. Thank you very

:24:48.:24:52.

much indeed. We ain't in Los Angeles. We started in Washington,

:24:53.:24:57.

we have been to Kazakhstan. I will see you at the same time tomorrow.

:24:58.:25:08.

How has the winter been for you so far? Mind for the most part. If you

:25:09.:25:13.

could spells with fog and frost, but not much rain. That theme extends

:25:14.:25:17.

back to the autumn. This chart shows rainfall for

:25:18.:25:18.