10/07/2017 Outside Source


10/07/2017

Ros Atkins with an innovative take on the latest global stories.


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where the Prime Minister has formally declared victory over

:00:10.:00:13.

the Islamic State group in the city of Mosul.

:00:14.:00:18.

I declare from this place, I declare to the whole world the end,

:00:19.:00:23.

the failure and the collapse of the so-called caliphate.

:00:24.:00:29.

We'll hear from our reporter in Mosul, and get analysis from BBC

:00:30.:00:32.

President Trump's son admits he met a Russian lawyer who promised

:00:33.:00:40.

to reveal damaging material on Hillary Clinton.

:00:41.:00:45.

This comes as US officials continue to investigate alleged Russian

:00:46.:00:48.

meddling in the presidential election.

:00:49.:00:52.

All this week we'll be looking at the New Silk Road -

:00:53.:00:55.

the trillion dollar rail project linking China and Europe.

:00:56.:00:58.

Our China editor has a series of special reports.

:00:59.:01:02.

The judge hearing the case of the terminally ill baby

:01:03.:01:08.

And sport and walked out after a Wimbledon classic. -- Rafa Nadal.

:01:09.:01:24.

The Iraqi Prime Minister Haider Al Abadi has declared victory over the

:01:25.:01:37.

Islamic State group in Iraq's second city most all. Here he is speaking

:01:38.:01:43.

earlier. TRANSLATION:

:01:44.:01:43.

Our victory today is a victory against darkness, against brutality

:01:44.:01:48.

And I declare from this place, I declare to the

:01:49.:01:53.

whole world the end, the failure and the collapse of the so-called

:01:54.:01:56.

The terrorist state of Daesh which was declared here in

:01:57.:02:00.

Our victory today was made possible by

:02:01.:02:06.

the Iraqi people who sacrificed their lives to put an end to this

:02:07.:02:11.

evil entity which will end up in the dustbin of history.

:02:12.:02:19.

Mosul's significant not just because it's Iraq's

:02:20.:02:21.

It's also where this man, the leader of IS Abu Bakr

:02:22.:02:27.

al-Baghdadi declared the group's so-called caliphate three years ago.

:02:28.:02:30.

The campaign to retake Mosul began in October -

:02:31.:02:33.

you can see how the Iraqi army gradually gained territory -

:02:34.:02:38.

areas in red show IS control, and green is the Iraqi army.

:02:39.:02:42.

But the end of the fighting doesn't mean the end of the suffering.

:02:43.:02:45.

More than 800,000 people have fled the fighting and the the UN

:02:46.:02:49.

estimates it will cost at least $1 billion to restore things

:02:50.:02:52.

Our correspondent Jonathan Beale has been with the Iraqi army

:02:53.:02:58.

as they advanced in Mosul - he called in a few hours ago.

:02:59.:03:01.

Even though Prime Minister Abadi has declared complete victory

:03:02.:03:04.

against IS, it doesn't certainly seem like it on the ground.

:03:05.:03:07.

There is plenty of evidence today that we

:03:08.:03:12.

have seen of an IS presence but it is, as I say,

:03:13.:03:16.

much less intense than it has been in recent days.

:03:17.:03:20.

And of course Prime Minister Abadi came here

:03:21.:03:24.

yesterday and his office indicated that he would declare victory.

:03:25.:03:27.

He said at the end of that day that victory was just around the corner -

:03:28.:03:31.

But we've seen this in the past, where the

:03:32.:03:35.

Iraqis tend to claim victory perhaps even when there are still pockets

:03:36.:03:39.

of resistance in places like Fallujah as well.

:03:40.:03:44.

So I think we should treat it with caution, but there is

:03:45.:03:49.

no doubt that IS is on its last legs in Mosul, but certainly so are

:03:50.:03:52.

the civilians who have to rebuild this city and rebuild their lives.

:03:53.:04:04.

The BBC has also been talking to Lieutenant General Stephen J

:04:05.:04:11.

Townsend. Here is his reaction from Baghdad. This is a brutal evil

:04:12.:04:21.

enemy. A very determined one. One of the things I learned is this fight

:04:22.:04:25.

is going to take longer than we anticipate. Also that fighting in

:04:26.:04:33.

cities, I already knew this as a professional soldier, I already knew

:04:34.:04:36.

how difficult it was to fight in major urban areas, but I never saw

:04:37.:04:41.

fighting on this extended duration and scale. Before. We are applying

:04:42.:04:47.

all those lessons to the fight that we are already engaged in, in the

:04:48.:04:51.

global capital of Isis in Syria. Newsnight Presenter Rasha Qandeel,

:04:52.:04:59.

for more on the story. Probably the most difficult sense

:05:00.:05:08.

they started being formed in 2004 but the problem is it might not be

:05:09.:05:11.

the end of the organisation or the group as it is known for now because

:05:12.:05:17.

the way the group usually goes when it is surrounded, is going

:05:18.:05:19.

underground and reappearing somewhere else. It will probably be

:05:20.:05:25.

a third location we have not heard. The problem with this is they take

:05:26.:05:30.

civilians as human shields or they disguise as civilians on the way out

:05:31.:05:34.

of any city. This will be difficult and also now because it is

:05:35.:05:40.

surrounded by the Iraqi forces, so that might be the announcement of

:05:41.:05:44.

tonight might mean the end of the eye S in Mosul but it might not be

:05:45.:05:49.

the end of the organisation in Iraq or Syria. This must make authorities

:05:50.:05:55.

in Iraq and Syria very nervous. Yes. The problem with this is that has to

:05:56.:06:01.

be a support by the coalition forces higher than it used to be before,

:06:02.:06:05.

the problem with this is the US is using something called a bubble

:06:06.:06:11.

carrier and this is different weapons, so the risk on the

:06:12.:06:16.

civilians will mount up much more than it was before, especially with

:06:17.:06:22.

the preparations. And the civilian toll in the battle for most was

:06:23.:06:27.

huge. Yes, and even in the last week or so, what we have been told by our

:06:28.:06:35.

correspondence is that when you trap a lot of people in a very small area

:06:36.:06:40.

the risk is higher and higher, and what has happened in the last week

:06:41.:06:46.

is one and a half kilometres up to two kilometres, square kilometres,

:06:47.:06:51.

and then going back to 800 and battle from street to street until

:06:52.:06:55.

we have reached the positive situation as called by the Iraqi

:06:56.:07:00.

Government. That does not mean they cannot reappear somewhere else, as

:07:01.:07:06.

happened last April. So the problem is there needs to be a post-battle

:07:07.:07:14.

in most soul to secure other places and to secure safe passages for

:07:15.:07:18.

civilians. And looking at the pictures of what state Mosul is left

:07:19.:07:22.

in, it is not just the physical rebuilding it is the psychological

:07:23.:07:24.

impact on the people who are left and prospects for getting back and

:07:25.:07:30.

carrying on living peacefully. It is the full package. The problem is for

:07:31.:07:36.

the Iraqi Government but also for the coalition is there generations

:07:37.:07:44.

to come that are going to be affected by what they have seen in

:07:45.:07:49.

the last since 2004 and hugely since 2014 since the Islamic State have

:07:50.:07:56.

announced seizing a lot of cities, most will is one of them. This is

:07:57.:08:08.

going to be having a huge impact on the psychology of those children and

:08:09.:08:11.

of course on the direct death toll of civilians.

:08:12.:08:19.

The Silk Road was an ancient trade route between China and Europe -

:08:20.:08:23.

the world's first global superhighway.

:08:24.:08:24.

China is spending almost a trillion dollars on recreating that

:08:25.:08:26.

The new Silk Road would consist of a maritime route starting

:08:27.:08:30.

in China which winds its way past Indonesia, India, Sri Lanka

:08:31.:08:33.

At the same time, the project also involves a land based network,

:08:34.:08:37.

snaking West through central Asia and Russia.

:08:38.:08:39.

Our China Editor Carrie Gracie has been looking into this -

:08:40.:08:42.

They call them the ships of the Desert. For centuries the camel

:08:43.:08:57.

trains of the silk Road dominated trade between China and the West.

:08:58.:09:03.

Now China wants to recreate the silk Road. This time by train. When he

:09:04.:09:19.

started here 34 years ago China sold the world next to nothing. Now he is

:09:20.:09:22.

a foot soldier for a trading superpower. I asked how that had

:09:23.:09:33.

changed him. TRANSLATION: We are under a lot of

:09:34.:09:37.

pressure. Expectations are high but there is also a lot of hope. We need

:09:38.:09:41.

the train to develop faster and better. The pressure is coming from

:09:42.:09:53.

the top. Not led by merchants, but by a president. Chinese emperors

:09:54.:09:58.

once claimed to rule all under heaven. With the United States no

:09:59.:10:02.

longer leading on trade, President Xi has seized his chance. He calls

:10:03.:10:09.

his vision the belt and road. China's vision is so vast it may be

:10:10.:10:15.

decades before we can tell whether it is a worthy successor to the

:10:16.:10:19.

ancient silk Road. But what we can say is that no other country

:10:20.:10:25.

offering a big idea right now this is the most ambitious bid to shape

:10:26.:10:33.

our century. Already China shapes our material lives. This market, one

:10:34.:10:40.

of the biggest in the world. But selling abroad and building at home

:10:41.:10:45.

is no longer enough to keep this giant economy growing. Now it plans

:10:46.:10:50.

to build a broad two. A win-win for all, says China. But when the

:10:51.:10:56.

talking is done Chinese traders drive a hard bargain. The world

:10:57.:11:04.

buying much more from them than the other way around. Red tape can make

:11:05.:11:12.

importing a nightmare. The Government can change the law at any

:11:13.:11:15.

time so there is no real concrete law. It's a very grey area at the

:11:16.:11:20.

moment. If the Government made it a little clearer on how to go about

:11:21.:11:27.

it, it would be a bit easier. But the new silk Road is China solving

:11:28.:11:34.

china's problems. Money and muscle heading west on a journey across

:11:35.:11:38.

three continents. Bidding to redraw the map and command the century.

:11:39.:11:44.

Most of that report came from the east coast of China -

:11:45.:11:47.

but Carrie is going to be travelling the length of the new Silk road

:11:48.:11:50.

Today she's in Dunhuang, in the west of China.

:11:51.:11:56.

It kind of sees itself as the power that in the days of the old camel

:11:57.:12:00.

routes was the dominant power in Asia, and it wants to get back to

:12:01.:12:03.

That, it feels, is its natural role and, in fact, as the

:12:04.:12:07.

world's biggest trader, in a way this is a dominant position

:12:08.:12:09.

So it's kind of saying President Trump

:12:10.:12:13.

is retreating to a certain extent from US leadership of the world

:12:14.:12:17.

economy, retreating from trade pacts, retreating from a free-trade

:12:18.:12:21.

And this is China saying we are going to be the champions

:12:22.:12:25.

of that, we are going to be the champions of globalisation.

:12:26.:12:28.

We are also the champions, of course, of climate change.

:12:29.:12:31.

So they are basically saying, we are the responsible leaders.

:12:32.:12:33.

And that message is questioned by others, by

:12:34.:12:35.

India for example, by Japan, they see this as a push

:12:36.:12:38.

I think at the moment it is very much unclear

:12:39.:12:42.

exactly how effective this enormous project is going to be.

:12:43.:12:47.

It is ambitious for sure, which is a hallmark of President Xi -

:12:48.:12:50.

he has seized his moment, he is an assertive leader,

:12:51.:12:54.

he is pushing this hard - but we haven't seen commercial

:12:55.:12:58.

It is very much a state driven agenda at

:12:59.:13:03.

the moment, and I think that is very much also what feeds the concern

:13:04.:13:06.

of China's neighbours that it is not going to be like the ancient Silk

:13:07.:13:10.

Road that of course grew organically - merchants trading

:13:11.:13:13.

amongst themselves, private enterprise.

:13:14.:13:15.

This is something that is very much driven by China's state objectives.

:13:16.:13:29.

And outside Haque source. We'll be live in New York because tobacco

:13:30.:13:34.

giant Philip Morris has been ordered to pay millions of dollars in legal

:13:35.:13:39.

fees after unsuccessfully suing the Australian Government.

:13:40.:13:52.

Metropolitan Police now say they believe around 255 people managed to

:13:53.:13:57.

escape the fire at Grenfell Tower last month. The current estimate of

:13:58.:14:03.

the dead and missing remains at around 80. Those of us involved in

:14:04.:14:12.

this investigation and the wider police operation can't help but have

:14:13.:14:16.

an emotional attachment to this case and we are absolutely determined, to

:14:17.:14:23.

do everything we possibly can. The fire, the truly tragic fire at

:14:24.:14:25.

Grenfell Tower should never have happened. It is our job as the

:14:26.:14:30.

police to investigate it. We will go where the evidence takes us. We will

:14:31.:14:35.

look at all available fences within the criminal law. And if we identify

:14:36.:14:41.

evidence that an individual or an organisation has committed a

:14:42.:14:43.

criminal offence we will do what we can to bring those people or those

:14:44.:14:45.

organisations to justice. This is Outside Source live

:14:46.:15:01.

from the BBC newsroom. Iraq's Prime Minister has declared

:15:02.:15:03.

victory over the Islamic State group The battle for Mosul has

:15:04.:15:07.

taken almost nine months, killed thousands of civilians

:15:08.:15:10.

and displaced more Other stories being reported on

:15:11.:15:20.

around the BBC right now, the High Court hearing the UK has ruled the

:15:21.:15:24.

British Government's sale of arms to Saudi Arabia is legal after it

:15:25.:15:28.

reviewed secret evidence. The court rejected claims the Government was

:15:29.:15:32.

acting illegally by not suspending weapons sales to the kingdom which

:15:33.:15:38.

is fighting a war in Yemen. South Korea has released what it says is

:15:39.:15:42.

the first known footage of women forced to work as sex slaves for

:15:43.:15:46.

Japanese soldiers during World War II. Known as comfort women,

:15:47.:15:51.

activists estimate 200,000 were forced into brothels for Japan's

:15:52.:15:56.

military. And among the most read stories on our website the British

:15:57.:16:01.

Government has released a video giving advice to travellers on what

:16:02.:16:06.

to do if your hotel is attacked by terrorists. It uses the run, highs,

:16:07.:16:19.

tell safety message. This week marks the first anniversary for Theresa

:16:20.:16:21.

May as per minister. On Tuesday she is expected to say we may not agree

:16:22.:16:25.

on everything but through debate and discussion ideas can be clarified

:16:26.:16:29.

and improved and a better way forward found. This is one take from

:16:30.:16:36.

politics saying she is reaching out to labour for Brexit help after

:16:37.:16:42.

election losses. Let's go to Alex Forsyth. How much of a change of

:16:43.:16:47.

tone and style is this? I think it is an acknowledgement from the Prime

:16:48.:16:51.

Minister about the new political reality. She called a general

:16:52.:16:54.

election hoping to get more Conservative MPs in the House of

:16:55.:16:57.

Commons but she ended up losing her majority. So what we're hearing now

:16:58.:17:02.

is a recognition that in order to get anything done she will need to

:17:03.:17:06.

rely on her own MPs but also support from other parties as well. So this

:17:07.:17:11.

is something of an appeal to Labour, which the Labour Party has given

:17:12.:17:16.

short shrift to. Jeremy Corbyn said today do you want to read the Labour

:17:17.:17:21.

election manifesto for some policy ideas? I don't think we will see any

:17:22.:17:24.

political opponents hoping to shore up Theresa May any time soon. But

:17:25.:17:31.

what her allies say is this is a sensible, mature approach to

:17:32.:17:35.

Government because in order to get big issues through like social care,

:17:36.:17:40.

they are going to have to work together. They will hope that

:17:41.:17:43.

appeals to some people on both sides of the House of Commons, but getting

:17:44.:17:48.

it done in reality will not be easy. This is so different to wear Theresa

:17:49.:17:51.

May thought she would be when she called the election. Undoubtedly.

:17:52.:17:57.

The reason she called it was in her own words to strengthen her hand,

:17:58.:18:01.

particularly going into the Brexit talks which have already started.

:18:02.:18:04.

She hoped she would not have to worry about lots of fights in

:18:05.:18:08.

Parliament when she was entering into tricky negotiations with the

:18:09.:18:13.

EU. But in fact she has ended up in a completely different position now

:18:14.:18:17.

where she will rely on every single MP's vote within her own party to

:18:18.:18:22.

get things done. And we know on the huge issue of Brexit there are very

:18:23.:18:26.

divided views within the Conservative Party alone, so her job

:18:27.:18:30.

rather than becoming easier as a consequence of the election, has

:18:31.:18:33.

become much harder. And we are expecting her to say tomorrow, those

:18:34.:18:40.

words about reaching out, is a signal she recognises now she will

:18:41.:18:42.

have to compromise on some issues if she wants to get the business of

:18:43.:18:45.

running the country on a day-to-day basis anywhere near done. Let's play

:18:46.:18:51.

you something the Australian prime ministers said today. He has been

:18:52.:18:56.

visiting Theresa May in London. We recognise that as Britain moves to

:18:57.:19:02.

completing its exit from the European Union we stand ready to

:19:03.:19:07.

enter into a free-trade agreement with the United Kingdom as soon as

:19:08.:19:12.

the UK is able to do so. So once that Brexit has been achieved, then

:19:13.:19:19.

we look forward to speedily concluding a free-trade agreement

:19:20.:19:21.

with Australia and as we said I think we were the first on the phone

:19:22.:19:29.

to offer our support and assistance. And of course as the Australian

:19:30.:19:33.

Premier Mr was saying, Mrs May can't agree any trade deals until Britain

:19:34.:19:38.

has left the European Union. And today senior members of the EU

:19:39.:19:43.

parliament warned Mrs May they might block any final deal. The

:19:44.:19:46.

parliament's Brexit coordinator wrote a letter to newspapers

:19:47.:19:50.

including the Guardian, basically saying the rights Britain is

:19:51.:19:56.

offering EU nationals in the UK are not good enough. Let's go back to

:19:57.:20:00.

Alex Forsyth. Firstly, what don't like they like about what's on

:20:01.:20:04.

offer? What we are hearing is that they are prepared to flex their

:20:05.:20:08.

muscles and they are saying this key issue of the of EU citizens

:20:09.:20:14.

currently in the UK, they say it is a damp squib because it does not

:20:15.:20:17.

resolve any uncertainty. They want complete rights as people have now

:20:18.:20:22.

and what the UK Government has offered is is a settled status to EU

:20:23.:20:25.

citizens. There are still some questions over what that means were

:20:26.:20:28.

family members and who it will apply to. I think what we are seeing is

:20:29.:20:32.

how contentious this Brexit process will be. We have had very positive

:20:33.:20:40.

optimistic words from Australia's Prime Minister and similar from

:20:41.:20:44.

President Trump when he said America wanted to get on with the trade

:20:45.:20:47.

deal, but before they can get to that Theresa May and British

:20:48.:20:50.

Government have a whole host of issues to pick through, not just

:20:51.:20:52.

when it comes to the European Parliament and the fact they are

:20:53.:20:55.

threatening to derail the process if it does not go the way they want,

:20:56.:20:59.

but as we have already talked about, the British Parliament as well, they

:21:00.:21:02.

have a lot of clout now and there are lots of different views on how

:21:03.:21:08.

the negotiations should proceed. So we are at early stages but we are

:21:09.:21:11.

just starting to see how complicated it will be. Just seeing what has

:21:12.:21:17.

come out of the offer to EU nationals already, the tone of this

:21:18.:21:21.

all looks far from cordial. And this was one of the issues we were told

:21:22.:21:25.

from the UK Government perspective they had hoped they could reach some

:21:26.:21:28.

pretty easy consensus on with the EU. This was one of the things both

:21:29.:21:33.

the EU negotiators and the UK Government had said they wanted to

:21:34.:21:36.

resolve quickly. They did not want it to become a hugely contentious

:21:37.:21:40.

issue. On both sides there is a recognition that this

:21:41.:21:54.

involves people and UK citizens in the EU, we're already cracks

:21:55.:22:04.

appearing. There may still be an early resolution but when it comes

:22:05.:22:08.

to the much bigger questions about the UK's financial settlement with

:22:09.:22:12.

the EU, future trade relationships, that will be hard again. Thank you.

:22:13.:22:20.

The tobacco giant Philip Morris has been ordered to pay millions of

:22:21.:22:25.

dollars in legal fees after unsuccessfully suing the Australian

:22:26.:22:27.

Government over its plain packaging law. In 2012 Australia legislated

:22:28.:22:32.

that led cigarettes must be sold in unappealing packages with graphic

:22:33.:22:39.

health warnings. The Court of arbitration has not so far published

:22:40.:22:43.

the amount Philip Morris must pay. Let's go over to New York. What was

:22:44.:22:51.

the original case about? You have a giant international tobacco company

:22:52.:22:55.

arguing that essentially this law restricted its rights to use its own

:22:56.:22:59.

trademarks in a way that they say it was unfair. The court dismissed the

:23:00.:23:05.

claim and here we are with Philip Morris being ordered to pay the

:23:06.:23:08.

Government's legal costs. The question is how much. That has not

:23:09.:23:12.

been disclosed, but certainly in Australia there are reports saying

:23:13.:23:15.

the figure may be as much as 38 million US dollars. I was on Philip

:23:16.:23:22.

Morris's website and they say they do not support the marketing of

:23:23.:23:27.

tobacco products to anyone who is not an adult, but the position of a

:23:28.:23:34.

broader base ban against advertising, they are not in favour.

:23:35.:23:38.

And you can do this playing out of their strategy and their approach in

:23:39.:23:42.

Australia. And do we think Philip Morris will be able to appeal? I

:23:43.:23:50.

think we will have to wait and see whether they want to try and push

:23:51.:23:54.

this case further. They already brought it, lost, will they want to

:23:55.:23:58.

walk away or double down? We will have to wait and see. But again,

:23:59.:24:04.

this is a case where we have seen in the past international corporations

:24:05.:24:06.

win against governments full stop that has not been the case here.

:24:07.:24:13.

India now and a campaign against the goods and services tax and feminine

:24:14.:24:23.

hygiene products is gathering steam. It is argued that the text should be

:24:24.:24:30.

waived. Access to hygiene: product is a problem. And cost is a big

:24:31.:24:35.

issue too. As a result, tens of thousands of girls drop out of

:24:36.:24:38.

school every year when they start the periods. Now in a seemingly

:24:39.:24:44.

women friendly move the Government has made bangles bendy 's and other

:24:45.:24:55.

things tax-free. But many believe these are considered essential

:24:56.:24:58.

products for women then so should sanitary pads. But they are being

:24:59.:25:03.

taxed at 12% instead, a decision the Government defence. If we reduce the

:25:04.:25:11.

tax on sanitary pads it shouldn't be the multinational companies don't

:25:12.:25:15.

pass it on to customers and instead make profits. These big companies

:25:16.:25:20.

have huge profit margins and so to make sanitary pads more affordable

:25:21.:25:27.

this should take a step forward. The Government says cheaper sanitary

:25:28.:25:30.

pads made by small co-operatives will not be taxed. For campaigners,

:25:31.:25:35.

it is not about who makes the products but that the state treats

:25:36.:25:38.

them as a luxury rather than a necessity. Stay with us on outside

:25:39.:25:52.

source. We will have the latest on Donald Trump's Sun admitting he met

:25:53.:25:58.

a Russian lawyer who promised him damaging information about Hillary

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Clinton. If you are heading to southern

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Europe and the Mediterranean the heat is

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