10/07/2017 Outside Source

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Ros Atkins with an innovative take on the latest global stories.

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where the Prime Minister has formally declared victory over


the Islamic State group in the city of Mosul.


I declare from this place, I declare to the whole world the end,


the failure and the collapse of the so-called caliphate.


We'll hear from our reporter in Mosul, and get analysis from BBC


President Trump's son admits he met a Russian lawyer who promised


to reveal damaging material on Hillary Clinton.


This comes as US officials continue to investigate alleged Russian


meddling in the presidential election.


All this week we'll be looking at the New Silk Road -


the trillion dollar rail project linking China and Europe.


Our China editor has a series of special reports.


The judge hearing the case of the terminally ill baby


And sport and walked out after a Wimbledon classic. -- Rafa Nadal.


The Iraqi Prime Minister Haider Al Abadi has declared victory over the


Islamic State group in Iraq's second city most all. Here he is speaking




Our victory today is a victory against darkness, against brutality


And I declare from this place, I declare to the


whole world the end, the failure and the collapse of the so-called


The terrorist state of Daesh which was declared here in


Our victory today was made possible by


the Iraqi people who sacrificed their lives to put an end to this


evil entity which will end up in the dustbin of history.


Mosul's significant not just because it's Iraq's


It's also where this man, the leader of IS Abu Bakr


al-Baghdadi declared the group's so-called caliphate three years ago.


The campaign to retake Mosul began in October -


you can see how the Iraqi army gradually gained territory -


areas in red show IS control, and green is the Iraqi army.


But the end of the fighting doesn't mean the end of the suffering.


More than 800,000 people have fled the fighting and the the UN


estimates it will cost at least $1 billion to restore things


Our correspondent Jonathan Beale has been with the Iraqi army


as they advanced in Mosul - he called in a few hours ago.


Even though Prime Minister Abadi has declared complete victory


against IS, it doesn't certainly seem like it on the ground.


There is plenty of evidence today that we


have seen of an IS presence but it is, as I say,


much less intense than it has been in recent days.


And of course Prime Minister Abadi came here


yesterday and his office indicated that he would declare victory.


He said at the end of that day that victory was just around the corner -


But we've seen this in the past, where the


Iraqis tend to claim victory perhaps even when there are still pockets


of resistance in places like Fallujah as well.


So I think we should treat it with caution, but there is


no doubt that IS is on its last legs in Mosul, but certainly so are


the civilians who have to rebuild this city and rebuild their lives.


The BBC has also been talking to Lieutenant General Stephen J


Townsend. Here is his reaction from Baghdad. This is a brutal evil


enemy. A very determined one. One of the things I learned is this fight


is going to take longer than we anticipate. Also that fighting in


cities, I already knew this as a professional soldier, I already knew


how difficult it was to fight in major urban areas, but I never saw


fighting on this extended duration and scale. Before. We are applying


all those lessons to the fight that we are already engaged in, in the


global capital of Isis in Syria. Newsnight Presenter Rasha Qandeel,


for more on the story. Probably the most difficult sense


they started being formed in 2004 but the problem is it might not be


the end of the organisation or the group as it is known for now because


the way the group usually goes when it is surrounded, is going


underground and reappearing somewhere else. It will probably be


a third location we have not heard. The problem with this is they take


civilians as human shields or they disguise as civilians on the way out


of any city. This will be difficult and also now because it is


surrounded by the Iraqi forces, so that might be the announcement of


tonight might mean the end of the eye S in Mosul but it might not be


the end of the organisation in Iraq or Syria. This must make authorities


in Iraq and Syria very nervous. Yes. The problem with this is that has to


be a support by the coalition forces higher than it used to be before,


the problem with this is the US is using something called a bubble


carrier and this is different weapons, so the risk on the


civilians will mount up much more than it was before, especially with


the preparations. And the civilian toll in the battle for most was


huge. Yes, and even in the last week or so, what we have been told by our


correspondence is that when you trap a lot of people in a very small area


the risk is higher and higher, and what has happened in the last week


is one and a half kilometres up to two kilometres, square kilometres,


and then going back to 800 and battle from street to street until


we have reached the positive situation as called by the Iraqi


Government. That does not mean they cannot reappear somewhere else, as


happened last April. So the problem is there needs to be a post-battle


in most soul to secure other places and to secure safe passages for


civilians. And looking at the pictures of what state Mosul is left


in, it is not just the physical rebuilding it is the psychological


impact on the people who are left and prospects for getting back and


carrying on living peacefully. It is the full package. The problem is for


the Iraqi Government but also for the coalition is there generations


to come that are going to be affected by what they have seen in


the last since 2004 and hugely since 2014 since the Islamic State have


announced seizing a lot of cities, most will is one of them. This is


going to be having a huge impact on the psychology of those children and


of course on the direct death toll of civilians.


The Silk Road was an ancient trade route between China and Europe -


the world's first global superhighway.


China is spending almost a trillion dollars on recreating that


The new Silk Road would consist of a maritime route starting


in China which winds its way past Indonesia, India, Sri Lanka


At the same time, the project also involves a land based network,


snaking West through central Asia and Russia.


Our China Editor Carrie Gracie has been looking into this -


They call them the ships of the Desert. For centuries the camel


trains of the silk Road dominated trade between China and the West.


Now China wants to recreate the silk Road. This time by train. When he


started here 34 years ago China sold the world next to nothing. Now he is


a foot soldier for a trading superpower. I asked how that had


changed him. TRANSLATION: We are under a lot of


pressure. Expectations are high but there is also a lot of hope. We need


the train to develop faster and better. The pressure is coming from


the top. Not led by merchants, but by a president. Chinese emperors


once claimed to rule all under heaven. With the United States no


longer leading on trade, President Xi has seized his chance. He calls


his vision the belt and road. China's vision is so vast it may be


decades before we can tell whether it is a worthy successor to the


ancient silk Road. But what we can say is that no other country


offering a big idea right now this is the most ambitious bid to shape


our century. Already China shapes our material lives. This market, one


of the biggest in the world. But selling abroad and building at home


is no longer enough to keep this giant economy growing. Now it plans


to build a broad two. A win-win for all, says China. But when the


talking is done Chinese traders drive a hard bargain. The world


buying much more from them than the other way around. Red tape can make


importing a nightmare. The Government can change the law at any


time so there is no real concrete law. It's a very grey area at the


moment. If the Government made it a little clearer on how to go about


it, it would be a bit easier. But the new silk Road is China solving


china's problems. Money and muscle heading west on a journey across


three continents. Bidding to redraw the map and command the century.


Most of that report came from the east coast of China -


but Carrie is going to be travelling the length of the new Silk road


Today she's in Dunhuang, in the west of China.


It kind of sees itself as the power that in the days of the old camel


routes was the dominant power in Asia, and it wants to get back to


That, it feels, is its natural role and, in fact, as the


world's biggest trader, in a way this is a dominant position


So it's kind of saying President Trump


is retreating to a certain extent from US leadership of the world


economy, retreating from trade pacts, retreating from a free-trade


And this is China saying we are going to be the champions


of that, we are going to be the champions of globalisation.


We are also the champions, of course, of climate change.


So they are basically saying, we are the responsible leaders.


And that message is questioned by others, by


India for example, by Japan, they see this as a push


I think at the moment it is very much unclear


exactly how effective this enormous project is going to be.


It is ambitious for sure, which is a hallmark of President Xi -


he has seized his moment, he is an assertive leader,


he is pushing this hard - but we haven't seen commercial


It is very much a state driven agenda at


the moment, and I think that is very much also what feeds the concern


of China's neighbours that it is not going to be like the ancient Silk


Road that of course grew organically - merchants trading


amongst themselves, private enterprise.


This is something that is very much driven by China's state objectives.


And outside Haque source. We'll be live in New York because tobacco


giant Philip Morris has been ordered to pay millions of dollars in legal


fees after unsuccessfully suing the Australian Government.


Metropolitan Police now say they believe around 255 people managed to


escape the fire at Grenfell Tower last month. The current estimate of


the dead and missing remains at around 80. Those of us involved in


this investigation and the wider police operation can't help but have


an emotional attachment to this case and we are absolutely determined, to


do everything we possibly can. The fire, the truly tragic fire at


Grenfell Tower should never have happened. It is our job as the


police to investigate it. We will go where the evidence takes us. We will


look at all available fences within the criminal law. And if we identify


evidence that an individual or an organisation has committed a


criminal offence we will do what we can to bring those people or those


organisations to justice. This is Outside Source live


from the BBC newsroom. Iraq's Prime Minister has declared


victory over the Islamic State group The battle for Mosul has


taken almost nine months, killed thousands of civilians


and displaced more Other stories being reported on


around the BBC right now, the High Court hearing the UK has ruled the


British Government's sale of arms to Saudi Arabia is legal after it


reviewed secret evidence. The court rejected claims the Government was


acting illegally by not suspending weapons sales to the kingdom which


is fighting a war in Yemen. South Korea has released what it says is


the first known footage of women forced to work as sex slaves for


Japanese soldiers during World War II. Known as comfort women,


activists estimate 200,000 were forced into brothels for Japan's


military. And among the most read stories on our website the British


Government has released a video giving advice to travellers on what


to do if your hotel is attacked by terrorists. It uses the run, highs,


tell safety message. This week marks the first anniversary for Theresa


May as per minister. On Tuesday she is expected to say we may not agree


on everything but through debate and discussion ideas can be clarified


and improved and a better way forward found. This is one take from


politics saying she is reaching out to labour for Brexit help after


election losses. Let's go to Alex Forsyth. How much of a change of


tone and style is this? I think it is an acknowledgement from the Prime


Minister about the new political reality. She called a general


election hoping to get more Conservative MPs in the House of


Commons but she ended up losing her majority. So what we're hearing now


is a recognition that in order to get anything done she will need to


rely on her own MPs but also support from other parties as well. So this


is something of an appeal to Labour, which the Labour Party has given


short shrift to. Jeremy Corbyn said today do you want to read the Labour


election manifesto for some policy ideas? I don't think we will see any


political opponents hoping to shore up Theresa May any time soon. But


what her allies say is this is a sensible, mature approach to


Government because in order to get big issues through like social care,


they are going to have to work together. They will hope that


appeals to some people on both sides of the House of Commons, but getting


it done in reality will not be easy. This is so different to wear Theresa


May thought she would be when she called the election. Undoubtedly.


The reason she called it was in her own words to strengthen her hand,


particularly going into the Brexit talks which have already started.


She hoped she would not have to worry about lots of fights in


Parliament when she was entering into tricky negotiations with the


EU. But in fact she has ended up in a completely different position now


where she will rely on every single MP's vote within her own party to


get things done. And we know on the huge issue of Brexit there are very


divided views within the Conservative Party alone, so her job


rather than becoming easier as a consequence of the election, has


become much harder. And we are expecting her to say tomorrow, those


words about reaching out, is a signal she recognises now she will


have to compromise on some issues if she wants to get the business of


running the country on a day-to-day basis anywhere near done. Let's play


you something the Australian prime ministers said today. He has been


visiting Theresa May in London. We recognise that as Britain moves to


completing its exit from the European Union we stand ready to


enter into a free-trade agreement with the United Kingdom as soon as


the UK is able to do so. So once that Brexit has been achieved, then


we look forward to speedily concluding a free-trade agreement


with Australia and as we said I think we were the first on the phone


to offer our support and assistance. And of course as the Australian


Premier Mr was saying, Mrs May can't agree any trade deals until Britain


has left the European Union. And today senior members of the EU


parliament warned Mrs May they might block any final deal. The


parliament's Brexit coordinator wrote a letter to newspapers


including the Guardian, basically saying the rights Britain is


offering EU nationals in the UK are not good enough. Let's go back to


Alex Forsyth. Firstly, what don't like they like about what's on


offer? What we are hearing is that they are prepared to flex their


muscles and they are saying this key issue of the of EU citizens


currently in the UK, they say it is a damp squib because it does not


resolve any uncertainty. They want complete rights as people have now


and what the UK Government has offered is is a settled status to EU


citizens. There are still some questions over what that means were


family members and who it will apply to. I think what we are seeing is


how contentious this Brexit process will be. We have had very positive


optimistic words from Australia's Prime Minister and similar from


President Trump when he said America wanted to get on with the trade


deal, but before they can get to that Theresa May and British


Government have a whole host of issues to pick through, not just


when it comes to the European Parliament and the fact they are


threatening to derail the process if it does not go the way they want,


but as we have already talked about, the British Parliament as well, they


have a lot of clout now and there are lots of different views on how


the negotiations should proceed. So we are at early stages but we are


just starting to see how complicated it will be. Just seeing what has


come out of the offer to EU nationals already, the tone of this


all looks far from cordial. And this was one of the issues we were told


from the UK Government perspective they had hoped they could reach some


pretty easy consensus on with the EU. This was one of the things both


the EU negotiators and the UK Government had said they wanted to


resolve quickly. They did not want it to become a hugely contentious


issue. On both sides there is a recognition that this


involves people and UK citizens in the EU, we're already cracks


appearing. There may still be an early resolution but when it comes


to the much bigger questions about the UK's financial settlement with


the EU, future trade relationships, that will be hard again. Thank you.


The tobacco giant Philip Morris has been ordered to pay millions of


dollars in legal fees after unsuccessfully suing the Australian


Government over its plain packaging law. In 2012 Australia legislated


that led cigarettes must be sold in unappealing packages with graphic


health warnings. The Court of arbitration has not so far published


the amount Philip Morris must pay. Let's go over to New York. What was


the original case about? You have a giant international tobacco company


arguing that essentially this law restricted its rights to use its own


trademarks in a way that they say it was unfair. The court dismissed the


claim and here we are with Philip Morris being ordered to pay the


Government's legal costs. The question is how much. That has not


been disclosed, but certainly in Australia there are reports saying


the figure may be as much as 38 million US dollars. I was on Philip


Morris's website and they say they do not support the marketing of


tobacco products to anyone who is not an adult, but the position of a


broader base ban against advertising, they are not in favour.


And you can do this playing out of their strategy and their approach in


Australia. And do we think Philip Morris will be able to appeal? I


think we will have to wait and see whether they want to try and push


this case further. They already brought it, lost, will they want to


walk away or double down? We will have to wait and see. But again,


this is a case where we have seen in the past international corporations


win against governments full stop that has not been the case here.


India now and a campaign against the goods and services tax and feminine


hygiene products is gathering steam. It is argued that the text should be


waived. Access to hygiene: product is a problem. And cost is a big


issue too. As a result, tens of thousands of girls drop out of


school every year when they start the periods. Now in a seemingly


women friendly move the Government has made bangles bendy 's and other


things tax-free. But many believe these are considered essential


products for women then so should sanitary pads. But they are being


taxed at 12% instead, a decision the Government defence. If we reduce the


tax on sanitary pads it shouldn't be the multinational companies don't


pass it on to customers and instead make profits. These big companies


have huge profit margins and so to make sanitary pads more affordable


this should take a step forward. The Government says cheaper sanitary


pads made by small co-operatives will not be taxed. For campaigners,


it is not about who makes the products but that the state treats


them as a luxury rather than a necessity. Stay with us on outside


source. We will have the latest on Donald Trump's Sun admitting he met


a Russian lawyer who promised him damaging information about Hillary


Clinton. If you are heading to southern


Europe and the Mediterranean the heat is