09/08/2017 Outside Source


09/08/2017

Ros Atkins with an innovative take on the latest global stories.


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Hello. I'm Philip Thomas. This is outside source. The US Defence

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Secretary has sold North Korea to avoid events that could cause the

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destruction of its people. Earlier, North Korea had said that it would

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consider attacking qualm. More trouble for Trump as it emerged that

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the home of his campaign manager was raided earlier. And a new and

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surprising way to track penguins through their feathers. And we will

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have our daily update from the world athletics Championships.

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Welcome to Outside Source. This is Paul Munakr Ford, he was chairman of

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the Donald Trump Jr campaign at one point. We have just found out that

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the FBI conducted a predawn raid at his house. They said that Mr

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Manafort had consistently cooperated with the FBI and law enforcement

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enquiries and continue to do so. This is all about the question of

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whether Donald Trump Jr and his campaign colluded with Russia on his

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election campaign. What was the FBI looking for? Probably documents

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relating to Manafort's work with the Trump campaign and also documents he

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had about his work with foreign governments, particularly Ukrainian

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and Russian interests. If you remember during the campaign he

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denied any payments from Ukraine. He has since come out and said that was

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not accurate at acknowledging that he received millions of dollars from

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that government and had to register after the fact as foreign agent for

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Ukrainian interest. That is why possibly Mulder is investigating

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him. We knew that when this raid took place it was right before Paul

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Manafort testified before Senate investigators in the intelligence

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committee and was the same day that Donald Trump Jr sent out a Twitter

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storm talking about revoking the transgender policy in the military.

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Also being highly critical of the Attorney General Jeff Sessions and

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saying that he should investigate Hillary Clinton. It puts new light

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on Donald Trump Jr is mad behaviour that week, perhaps. This enquiry

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about alleged Russian meddling seems likely to run through Donald Trump

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Jr is my presidency. I think the biggest takeaway from this, we do

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not know what Robert Muller was looking for. We don't know what

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documents he found. Paul Manafort's people said that they were the same

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documents that would have been willingly provided. This is evidence

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of Mueller's muscle in this investigation. This is something

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clearly that is going to be going on for quite some time. Donald Trump Jr

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says this is a witchhunt. Is there a lot of sympathy for that view? Trump

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supporters certainly believe that this is which front. They say that

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this is an excuse for Democratic opponents to find some reason why

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Hillary Clinton lost. Outside, even conservatives are taking this

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investigation very seriously and are special counsel with these

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wide-ranging powers taking these actions are not something you can

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shrug off. This is an investigation carried out by a team of people with

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a lot of experience, a lot of depth of knowledge and criminal

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prosecution. We're going to take you to Venezuelan now. Another political

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storm. The assembly has held a meeting in defiance of the

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President's new constituent assembly. This was a really defiant

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statement. This was a tweet from the deputy leader there. They said it

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was a space for all Venezuelans. They said that is a struggle to the

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finish. This is clearly a particular showdown between the rival

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assemblies. It is also a territorial showdown. They have been meeting in

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the same complex in Caracas. In this very grand building. Both assemblies

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want to meet their although some opposition figures have been talking

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about being barred by government forces. Meanwhile, the constituent

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assembly, the new one, has passed a law creating a new truce commission.

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This would have the power to investigate what it has called acts

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of violence carried out with political motives or out of

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intolerance. Opposition leaders fear that those who have participated in

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months of anti-government protests will now be targeted. We heard more

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about the power struggle between the two assemblies. They are not only

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fighting about the building itself but about the big part of power in

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Venezuela. The constituent assembly says it has overarching powers over

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any other part of the government. Even the judiciary or the executive

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has two respond to them. Of course, the opposition controlled National

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Assembly, one of the last bastions of opposition says it is a step

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towards authority rule. The idea that they could try to prosecute

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people who have been involved in the opposition protest last months which

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have left many, more than 100 dead now. The new constituent assembly

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that backs President Maduro is having difficulty getting

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recognition in the Americas. Yesterday there was a strong

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declaration in Lima where several Latin American countries said that

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they were considering Venezuelan dictator because of the situation

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with the constituent assembly. Some people would be reminded of the

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situation several decades ago when Cuba first installed its Communist

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government and other countries on the continent tried to isolate them

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to dramatically. This is symbolically very important. Back in

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the time of Hugo Chavez they tried to become the original leaders,

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promoting parallel institutions in which Venezuela played a strong

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part. Now it is facing increasing diplomatic isolation within the

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Western Hemisphere. Let's get you a less sport. Another day has gone by

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in the world athletics Championships. Let's go over to the

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BBC sport centre. Hello. Tellers what's been happening to the

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Botswana athlete that we've all been following.

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Isaac Mkwala has endured a torrid past 48 hours having been initially

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withdrawn from the 200 heats on Monday, then withdrawn

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due to continuing concerns he had contracted norovirus.

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He wasn't allowed into the stadium by security, Botswana athletics

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and the IAAF have disputed each other's stories and then

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with his quarantine period having expired at 2pm British time.

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It was then confirmed he would run a heat

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by himself from lane seven where he was initially drawn.

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He qualified with a few push-ups to prove himself and then ran

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in the opening semi final from Lane One to qualify for the final.

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While in the third of the semi finals 400m champion Waydne van

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Niekerk also qualified for Thursday's final as a fastest

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Mo Farah got his bid for double gold underway in the last hour or so.

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The British runner claimed the first gold of the championships

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He's won double gold at the past two World Championships

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and past two Olympic Games and he's through to the final on Saturday

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In the last few moments, Norway have won the men's 400 metre hurdles.

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Kerron Clement was hoping to become the first 400m

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hurdler in history to win three world titles.

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In the coming minutes Alison Felix is looking for a tenth world title

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and heads in the 400m up against Olympic champion

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and Bahamian Shaunay Miller-Weebo also competing.

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The women's rugby World Cup got underway in Dublin

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earlier on Wednesday with all 12 teams in action.

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Sarah Mulkerrins has been following the action and Sarah

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there have been plenty of tries on the opening day?

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Indeed there has. The sun has set and it has seen so many tries. Let's

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talk you through the results. England are the defending champions

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in this tournament. They won three years ago and they marked the

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defence of their title with a good performance. They are the only

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full-time professional team here and they have real strength in depth. 12

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debutants ran out today and they were 56-5 winners against Spain.

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Four of the ten tries scored by England were scored by winger K

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Wilson. Captain Sarah Hunter was pretty pleased with the performance.

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Really pleased to get the first game done and the first wing tip. It was

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very about getting the job done. It's nice to get ten tries but we

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will be looking to improve as we go on through this tournament. New

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Zealand were the four-time champions before England stole the crown three

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years ago. They missed out on the pool knockout stages in the last

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event. They were smarting from that. They put in a very good solid

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performance. Eight tries for them. Here was their coach's assessment on

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their performance. We needed the game and we needed the

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start. We scored eight tries and we are relatively pleased with that.

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We're also three easy ones behind the badge we should have converted.

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That's how it goes and we will just have to put a bit more polish on

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what we're doing. Canada also in the same pool, they ran out 98-0 winners

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over tournament debutants Hong Kong. France have just run out winners

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against Japan. For Ireland it was closer against Australia. They had

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to hang in at the end. They won 19-7. A lot closer than many

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predicted. But they will be happy with a victory in that home

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tournament. That's all we've got time for. The

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women's 400 metres final coming up in the next few minutes. Plenty for

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play for. Thanks through much. Stay with us. Still to come, scientists

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have found a new and surprising way to track penguins through their

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feathers. On the tenth anniversary of the

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financial crisis, the BBC has been speaking with Lib Dem leader Vince

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Cable who saw the crisis coming. The government of the time Gordon Brown

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and Alistair Darling could have been criticised for being complex and in

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the run-up but they handled the crisis very well. They had to

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nationalise the banks. They had to run a very large deficit to keep the

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economy going. Some of that you were advising. Indeed. They deserved

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credit for rescuing us. We could have had an absolute catastrophe.

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Although the crisis was dire and the biggest since the Second World War,

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it wasn't as serious as the great crash in America in 29-30. Some

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things to be grateful for. A lot of people are home tonight will still

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be worried about their livelihoods. Still struggling. Ten years on,

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we're still dealing the aftermath. Its political as well as economic. A

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lot of people asked Tilse seething with anger that the people who

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caused this at the top of the banking system, some seriously

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reckless and greedy people have just walked away. You've been predicting

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a lot about our hard Brexit and what that could mean. I'd start by saying

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a lot of lessons have been learned. The banks are safe and have more

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capital. In some ways, they are too conservative and it is very

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difficult for business to get loans. Most of the lending is against

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property. You are still predicting another crisis. I think there will

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be problems if we get into the hard Brexit that the government and the

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Labour opposition are pushing for. That particularly if there is a

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cliff edge. Sam Wood 's, Bank of England, and nonpolitical public

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servant saying that if we have that kind of crashing out there would be

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serious indications for the financial sector, for example, if

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the pound falls heavily, into arrest rates have to rise and a lot of

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people are heavily in debt. Isn't this the scaremongering of the

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referendum? I'm just describing a scenario that may not happen. If the

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same people in government prevail and we keep the good things about

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the European Union, the customs union, single market and things my

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colleagues are fighting for, we will avoid all of that. Our lead story.

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The head of the largest military in the world, the US secretary of

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defence has told North Korea to avoid actions that could usher in

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the destruction of its people. The latest in a war of words between the

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two countries. We've have stories from around the world, we're going

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to take you to the Democratic Republic of Congo. There is a

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two-day strike there in the capital of Kinshasa. Is aimed at getting

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this man, the president to call elections. It was a slow and intense

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start of the day in the capital can shatter and other towns in the east

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of the country. There was increased military presence on the streets and

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the government has ordered ten that comes countries to slow down

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Internet speeds so that people cannot share images on social media.

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Most people took their time to gauge of the situation on the ground

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before leaving their homes. This is because some of the protests like

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this one had ended in violence in the past. This is all about the

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fragile political situation in the Democratic Republic of Congo.

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Elections were July 's jeer but the election commission announced their

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would not take place because of a lack of resources. This has allowed

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the president to stay longer in office. The opposition want to force

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the government to hold elections. It seems that the deadline will be

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best. In the meantime, the opposition is weakening and losing

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momentum. Meaning that a general strikes like this one are less

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successful. There is anger brewing in Iran after President Hassan

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Rouhani reduce the amount of women in high-ranking positions in his

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government. Yesterday he unveiled an all-male ministerial team and just

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two of his vice presidential positions will be filled by women,

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one less than his last government. A third was named in an advisory role.

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These are the three appointees. We have been following the story. The

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most interesting thing about this story is that a lot of people

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expected the president to appoint a minister, a female minister, to the

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Cabinet but, instead, the president has appointed two female vice

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presidents and one assistant to the president which compared to the

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previous administration is different because the previous administration

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had three women as vice presidents in the Cabinet. Now there are two

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vice presidents and one assistant to the president. So one of the female

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persons in the Cabinet has been demoted. For campaigners, for more

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women in politics it feels like a backward step. Exactly. They are

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really disappointed about the President's session. They wanted to

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campaign for real action. He talked about equal opportunities for women

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but now he has been re-elected he has forgotten about winning. Is the

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thinking that's because he's changed his mind or because he's come under

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pressure from elsewhere? It seems that he has come under pressure from

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conservative hardliners and he wants to avoid that pressure. Still a lot

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of women say that in the previous Administration 's, under President

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Mahmoud Ahmedinejad he had appointed a female to the Cabinet. Now,

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president Rouhani has been painted as a reformist, he has avoided the

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issue. Has it been a big story on social media? A very big story. A

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lot of people have expressed anger and disappointment at the president.

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At the same time, there are some people supporting the president.

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They say having a top role in the government is not women's priority

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in Iran. What they are concerned about our jobs, employment,

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insurance. Avoiding tension. The president wants to focus on what

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matters most to women. Now, scientists have found a new and

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surprising way of tracking Penguins through their feathers. The study

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was published in biology Letters, the scientific journal. Basically,

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it says that the proteins in penguin feathers pick up the geochemical

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signature of their location via the food they eat. It's like getting

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stamps on a chemical passport. The researchers can track their winter

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migration patterns from their breeding colonies on the South

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Shetland Islands, off the coast of Antarctica, over many hundreds of

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kilometres. Earlier, one of the authors of the study explain to me

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about how feathers can reveal quite so much information. You are growing

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something like your fingernail and that records what you eat. Things

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like proteins that make up the body, we don't actually make the raw

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materials of that. The raw materials come in a lot of cases from food. In

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the case of penguins going across the Southern Ocean, they don't make

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these proteins, the building blocks of them, the essential amino acids

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come from algae which their prey trill eat and they in turn eat the

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krill. They are getting a chemical symbol of where they are foraging

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rather than making it from scratch themselves. Why are you using a tail

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feather in particular to pick up this data? Different tissues record

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the environment at different rates. Things like bones are growing very

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slowly so they are not very good for this kind of thing. Your blood turns

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over very fast. Things like fingernails or in the case of a

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penguin, a tail feather, it's grown over a year. At the right time to

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record what they are doing in winter. What strikes me, it's a

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simple idea, isn't it? To track this chemical fingerprint by the tail

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feather because you used to have to put an electronic tag on. So it's

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much better for the bird, as well. Absolutely. This technique has been

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around but we've applied it in a new way. We are still relying on a bit

:23:24.:23:27.

of tracking. The US Antarctic programme did the validation for

:23:28.:23:31.

this. They measured a few birds and saw where they went. A scientist

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from LSU led this chemical study and got collaborators from Argentina and

:23:40.:23:45.

myself and we went around Antarctica in a single season and got lots of

:23:46.:23:50.

different colonies. Exactly as you say, without having to put tracks on

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all of them. Just a very brief final question. Are you

:23:57.:24:08.

officially a penguinologist? Yes, the name started as a joke but it is

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what I did. Thanks very much. A very distressing story. Up to 50 migrants

:24:25.:24:31.

have been deliberately drowned by people smugglers off the coast of

:24:32.:24:35.

Somalia. They were travelling to Yemen are trying to get to the Gulf.

:24:36.:24:40.

As their boat approached the Yemen coast, we are told they were forced

:24:41.:24:46.

into the sea. Around 100 survived but 29 people were killed and up to

:24:47.:24:51.

22 people are missing. This coming in from the International

:24:52.:24:56.

organisation for migration. They say the smugglers deliberately pushed

:24:57.:25:00.

the migrants into the water. More on that on the BBC News website. Thanks

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very much for being with us. I'm sure you know how it works. We

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give you the next

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