05/09/2017 Outside Source


05/09/2017

Ros Atkins with an innovative take on the latest global stories.


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LineFromTo

Hello, I'm Ros Atkins, this is Outside Source.

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The trumpet meditation has done as it said it would. It's announced

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plans to stop a scheme that allowed young immigrants not to be to go to.

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The open-ended circumvention of immigration laws was an

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unconstitutional exercise of authority by the executive branch.

:00:29.:00:30.

Russia warns the world that a military stand off

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with North Korea threatens a global catastrophe.

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We will explain Vladimir Putin's position.

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Hurricane Irma strengthens to a category five storm as it heads

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We are alive in the BBC newsroom, so we have questions on any stories we

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are covering. #BBCOS is the hashtag. The day started with this

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tweet @realDonaldTrump... Congress, get ready

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to do your job - DACA! That's a reference to Mr Trump's

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desire to scrap the Deferred Action Doing so could impact almost

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a million young immigrants. This system was brought in under

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President Obama in 2012 and it allows people brought to the US

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illegally as children the temporary right to live,

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study and work legally in America. The plan is to wind the programme

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down over six months and to draw up Here's Attorney General Jeff

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Sessions making the announcement. I'm here today to announce that

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the programme known as Daca that was effectuated under the Obama

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administration is being rescinded. To have a lawful system of

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immigration that serves the national interest, we cannot admit everyone

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who would like to come here. That would be an open borders

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policy and the American Therefore, the nation must set

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and enforce a limit on how many immigrants we admit each

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year and that means This does not mean

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they are bad people or that our nation disrespects

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or demeans them in any way. It means we are properly

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enforcing laws as Barack Obama has posted it, and on

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Facebook on this issue. He says... To give you the precise figure on

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this story, 790,000 have permanent. Most of them come from four

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countries, Honduras, Guatemala, El Salvador and Mexico. Was live in

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California, Texas, Florida and New York. This is the Senator of New

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York... Similar sentiment from one of California balls senators. Let's

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go to Anthony Zurcher, covering this in Washington. Although they may

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want to stop it, can these people stop it? Congress can certainly stop

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it, they can pass legislation that effectively codifies the Daca

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protections. They've been trying to do so for about 15 years. The

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courses they have come was 2010, when Democrats controlled Congress,

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Daca protections passed through the House of Representatives and were

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stymied in the Senate, they couldn't get the 60 votes necessary to break

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every Republican filibuster. This is something that American political

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establishment has seen as a problem for quite some time. These -- things

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were moving towards reform but then Donald Trump came in, running

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against immigration, condemning what he calls Barack Obama's unilateral

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action. He has the voters and done so. Congress is controlled by

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Republicans. This is about whether the Republican Party will line up

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behind Donald Trump. That's a good question. Since Barack Obama

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instituted Daca and what a lot of these people out of a 2 million

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immigrants out of the shadows and they have jobs and have gone to

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school, served in the US military, rescinding it is going to be a

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challenge and the reality is that there are more Republican supporters

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for the Daca protections than there were six years ago, when they tried

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to pass it before. There is still a lot of support for... We might not

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be able to get 60 votes in Senate. There are valid reasons why the

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Republicans object to this. They see it as Donald Trump and Jeff

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Sessions, as giving an amnesty to people who came into this country

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illegally, even if they did so as children. Tell me if I've understood

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this correctly. You bought a phrase from health care stories. Is this a

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valid repealing and replacing. -- is this about repealing and replacing.

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Do they have to come up with a new system? They could pass a straight

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up Daca all that would say that people who have come under the age

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of 16, who have served in the nation for ten years, gone to college,

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served in the military, they could have normalised immigration staters,

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effectively given green card. That would be within the law. --

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immigration status. We heard today about combat of immigration reform,

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where there is potentially Daca in order to make Democrats happy but

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also the wall. Perhaps a merit based system would be an idea. It's going

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to be hard to find consensus. As we've seen, it's hard to find

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consensus within Republican ranks let alone within Democrats and

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Republicans together. We can hear from Florida on the practical

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consequences later on in the show. President Putin has blasted the idea

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of using tougher sanctions TRANSLATION: The use of sanctions

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of any kind in this case is already As I told my colleagues

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yesterday, they will eat grass but they will not give up

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this programme if they do That's the US ambassador -

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this is the US president. The rethink my Sanchez will work on

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North Korea? Not necessarily but it cuts off the revenue that allows

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them to build ballistic missile. That's the US ambassador -

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this is the US president. I am allowing Japan

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and South Korea to buy a substantially increased amount

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of highly sophisticated military This came in the around this time

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yesterday. That may be what President Putin was referring to

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when he criticised military hysteria.

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The North Koreans certainly aren't toning anything down.

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This ambassador to the UN in Geneva said this earlier.

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The recent self-defence images by my country, DPRK,

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are gift packages addressed to none other than the US.

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The US will receive more gift packages from my country as long

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as it relies on reckless provocations and futile attempts

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Let's talk to Barbara, live from Washington. The Americans want these

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tougher sanctions. How will they get those through given the reservations

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of the Chinese and Russians? It looks as if they will have a battle

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doing that, especially after President Putin's remarks today they

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wanted to spend the next week discussing a resolution with the UN.

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Aside from Mr Putin's comments, the Russian ambassador has said it is

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unrealistic to get it done so quickly. You see a different view of

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how things should proceed. The Americans would agree that sanctions

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haven't worked but they say this is because they'd been incremental and

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have targeted the military infrastructure. Now they should

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target the economy and could become intense so we need to have time to

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work. They need to be applied more intensely and there is the bloody

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pressure on that. They want to move forward on that. -- there is a bit

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more pressure. The ultimate call is to get North Korea to the table to

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discuss. China is worried about the North Koreans but they will only go

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so far with sanctions. I think these divisions have always been there but

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they are becoming more pronounced as the stakes get higher and as

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military rhetoric escalates and as North Koreans show increasing

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sophistication with weapons and continue to save a woman for

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denuclearise. -- continue to say they will never denuclearise. I

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spoke to somebody that was with Vikki Childs with the State

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Department in the 90s. -- was with the State Department. Is there a

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sense that there is little they can do now? I think it's always been

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that the options are not authentic. It has now come to a degree where we

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are focusing minds. This is because the North Koreans are correctly

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setting the US with credible threats. They now have missiles that

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could reach the US, they have nuclear warheads that, it seems, are

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assumed going to be able to be applied to those missiles, so that

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when the focus is much stronger. The question is if it's coming to a

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crisis point, it will either call... Its containment still an option?

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Will it go to military action? That is no more appealing than when he

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spoke to this man in the 1990s. If it goes to negotiations, will there

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be a pod for its agreed that the general assumption of those

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negotiations will not be demilitarisation? Will there be

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acceptance of a freeze in the programme? That is the point where a

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decision will need to be made. What a moment that would be where we got

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a forgot that point. -- if we got to that point.

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That's the US side - for more on the Russian reaction,

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The Russian position hasn't changed for a while. They have always

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favoured a diplomatic solution. Mr Putin wants to underline that

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sanctions don't work and it echoes sanctions introduced against Russia.

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He mentioned that these sanctions didn't work as well. Today he said

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that probably North Koreans would eat grass but they won't give up

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their nuclear programme. He wants to underline that the diplomatic

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solution is preferable and that the influence that Russia might have

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with the North Korean leader. Is also enjoying disagreeing with the

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Americans again. Absolutely. There was the recent row over the weekend.

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consulate in San Francisco and two other premises.

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There was a huge row, Russians are very angry, they

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say that it's a violation of diplomatic rules and, of course, Mr

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Putin uses this attempt to play on those contradictions and wants to

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show that he is important in the international arena

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and there are certain questions which he can

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influence and he tries to tie up those questions.

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For instance, North Korea, with others. Such as Syria and Ukraine.

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Although be attempts to close the gap? It depends. Russia will try to

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close hold its ground and will try to tie those topics, which are

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important to the US at the moment, with the topics that Russia wants to

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solve. Two stories dominate our attention in the recent days. That's

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one, this is the other, the plight of the Rohingya Muslims.

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in the last 24 was, the UN has said that 35,000 people across the border

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from me and more into Bangladesh. That takes the total for the last 11

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days well over 100,000. That places a huge strain on Bangladesh. He is

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the latest report from one of the refugee camps.

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These are the latest batch of refugees that have come in. Lots of

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woman and Georgia as you can see. They are exhausted. Whatever food

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they had to eat along the way has run out. Some are dehydrated. The

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biggest thing is they have made it to relative safety. On that side is

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Myanmay's Rakhine State. -- Myanmar. These people are fleeing for their

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lives. They will now head to any kind of temporary soldier they can

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find. By the side of a hill, inside a building. It's starting to rain.

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-- temporary shelter. What will happen to them next? They have to be

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fed and will eventually need to find some place to live, some place to

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build the lives again. More background on Rohingya on the BBC

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News website. In a few seconds, we will update you on hurricane Irma.

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It's in the Atlantic but heading towards the Caribbean and Florida.

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Publisher and social services have accepted the findings of... She was

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murdered by her mother Catherine, now serving a 19 year jail sentence.

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It was... Health professionals say they didn't look into the

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circumstances enough, they didn't have that professional curiosity

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level they should have done. There is also a line saying that the

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professional system look at this and have enough focus on the period of

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the truck. For me, that's there to defend children and ensure that

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children get the help they need. That's absolutely Britain. At the

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end of the day, this is a very fundable trials in a difficult

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situation with parents exhibiting high risk habits. It should be

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something which everyone should be on high alert for. -- this is a very

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fundable Mac child. We are like in the BBC newsroom. The

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trumpet initiation has announced that a scheme to protect young

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undocumented... The Trump administration announces

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that a scheme to protected young undocumented immigrants

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in the United States Russia warns the world that

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a military stand off with North Korea threatens

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a global catastrophe. We will explain Vladimir

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Putin's position. Hurricane Irma strengthens

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to a category five storm as it heads Saving Government troops have been

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assisted by Russian air strikes. The Danish inventor and accused of

:17:53.:17:54.

killing a Swedish Traverse last month has told a court that she died

:17:55.:17:57.

when she got hit on behalf of by a heavy hatch cover.

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Peter Madsen says he accidentally lost his footing, while holding

:18:02.:18:03.

Many of you are reading this story on the news app. Nasa are helping to

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create the world's deepest colophon in an effort to tackle the decline

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of coral reefs. -- coral farm. Another hurricane is heading

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across the Caribbean towards the US. Its name is Irma -

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and it's potentially catastrophic. The BBC's James Cook is covering

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this. It's been called potentially catastrophic. The strongest ever

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recorded in the Atlantic basin outside of the Caribbean Sea and

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gulf of Mexico. You can understand by people are worried, looking at

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the pictures. -- why people. The screen is giving up the ghost

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slightly. Some of the pictures are frightening and we know already that

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in Florida people are stocking up on supplies, making preparations for

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the arrival. I've been speaking to BBC weather, just behind the outside

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source screen, getting the help of them.

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This is the latest satellite picture we have of Irma. Before it -- we've

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heard that the wind inside the storm are 135 miles per, gusting over 200

:19:29.:19:35.

miles an. There was one of the strongest Atlantic hurricanes

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recorded. -- Rob Taylor with. It is middling Westerleigh. It looks as

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though it is going to make landfall in Antigua, early wickets to. After

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that, a westward journey, potentially towards the Dominican

:19:52.:20:01.

Republic and Haiti. It will continue westward, always remaining

:20:02.:20:04.

overwater, continuing to fuel itself. When the systems which find

:20:05.:20:09.

they often we can because they lose their source of hot air from the

:20:10.:20:14.

sea. This is calling on the northern coastal line of these islands, it

:20:15.:20:21.

will remain category five. Torrential flooding rain and

:20:22.:20:26.

significant storm surge. Florida is on your map. Can we be certain it

:20:27.:20:31.

will reach this far? Models are agreeing it will reach towards the

:20:32.:20:37.

Florida Keys. Some uncertainty as to where it will go, the Gulf of Mexico

:20:38.:20:47.

or eastwards. It doesn't venture. In the Atlantic, there is another

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tropical storm, Jose, expected to become a hurricane again in the next

:20:55.:20:59.

24 overs. It might not follow the same path as Minack, cut curving

:21:00.:21:09.

east. -- as Irma, curving east. We've fixed the screen, let's talk

:21:10.:21:12.

about Kenyan politics. Yesterday we heard that the presidential election

:21:13.:21:19.

will be run in October. Today, this man, regulating gun scratch, said

:21:20.:21:26.

that he wouldn't take part without guarantees. He claimed the initial

:21:27.:21:29.

election result had been tampered with. The supreme court agreed, and

:21:30.:21:36.

not the result the original winner had been incompetent, Uhuru

:21:37.:21:45.

Kenyatta, he must now fight another election. He is the latest report.

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The National Alliance or Nasa has submitted a list of demands to be

:21:56.:21:59.

met before they participate in elections. They include the removal

:22:00.:22:04.

of top election official, including the CEO and an audit of the

:22:05.:22:11.

technology. Greater openness when it comes to organising the next

:22:12.:22:16.

election. He also ran for president, he is heading for court to contest

:22:17.:22:26.

the decision to only have two people on the ballot paper. All the other

:22:27.:22:33.

people are not be on the ballot. It's unconstitutional. It seems that

:22:34.:22:40.

they have learned from this problem. Although they have been told they

:22:41.:22:48.

must have the next election in line with the law. A full report promised

:22:49.:22:58.

in 21 days. Following the report, it was said that possible changes would

:22:59.:23:00.

be made as we prepare for the elections. It is not clear whether

:23:01.:23:05.

these changes will be affected before or after the elections. The

:23:06.:23:12.

Electoral Commission maybe ready to hold a new election but the question

:23:13.:23:16.

remains whether the process will be credible, free and fair this time.

:23:17.:23:22.

Back to the US, President Trump's tax reform plans along with debt

:23:23.:23:28.

ceiling are among items on the agenda as Congress returns. --

:23:29.:23:38.

sealing. Can you describe exactly what debt sealing is and why it on

:23:39.:23:45.

the agenda. Congress has to approved any increase to the debt ceiling. It

:23:46.:23:49.

allows the Government to continue function. It's running on a deficit

:23:50.:23:54.

and they have to say, yes, you can borrow more money in order to keep

:23:55.:23:58.

funding of debt. That closely relates to the second piece of

:23:59.:24:02.

business that is certainly going to be on the legislative agenda for

:24:03.:24:07.

Congress, approving the Government budget. There allow the Government

:24:08.:24:13.

to continue functioning. These two end up being somewhat related,

:24:14.:24:16.

although they are at two separate bills. They are coming to a head in

:24:17.:24:21.

about 25 days. It's after Congress to try to make list to get an

:24:22.:24:30.

agreement. This should pass with no problems when it comes to

:24:31.:24:35.

Government. They will probably use the stopgap measure to fund the

:24:36.:24:38.

Government for the next six months. The debt ceiling issue is more

:24:39.:24:46.

complicated. There is a contingency in Government that doesn't believe

:24:47.:24:49.

there the Government should take on what it. With regards to tax cuts.

:24:50.:24:55.

We know what Mr Trump wants to do but where does Congress fit into

:24:56.:25:02.

this? No doubt that tax reform is to happen in this country but come into

:25:03.:25:06.

some sort of consensus in Congress is the big difficulty. The last time

:25:07.:25:12.

there was a real overhaul of the US tax code was in 1986, since then

:25:13.:25:18.

there has been no real coming together in terms of what needs to

:25:19.:25:22.

be done. That is going to be really difficult, despite the fact that we

:25:23.:25:28.

have seen that the Republicans own both horses. There are some real

:25:29.:25:35.

stark differences in terms of what lawmakers want. -- holeable pulses.

:25:36.:25:44.

We have just had a tweet from The Hill. Debt ceiling may cause GOP to

:25:45.:25:53.

struggle to pass tax reform. We will keep you up-to-date on all of that.

:25:54.:25:57.

I'll be back with another half hour in a moment.

:25:58.:26:07.

Thank you very much for joining me. Welcome to the latest update on a

:26:08.:26:16.

number weather stories we are tracking. Let's go to the heart of

:26:17.:26:20.

the Atlantic to bring you up-to-date with the progress of Irma. Whilst in

:26:21.:26:26.

the mid-Atlantic, no great problem but it's going westward and is ever

:26:27.:26:30.

closer to all of these countries in the eastern end of the Caribbean.

:26:31.:26:35.

This is a powerful storm indeed. They don't get much stronger than

:26:36.:26:41.

that. The central pressure has plummeted 200 magic name millibars.

:26:42.:26:49.

Wednesday, it will be close to Puerto Rico, by Thursday it will be

:26:50.:26:53.

further west and will be very close to both Haiti and the Dominican

:26:54.:27:02.

Republic. Thereafter, as a parrot., we suspect Chris Froome live close

:27:03.:27:09.

to Cuba and the banners. -- we suspect it will mirror. I assure you

:27:10.:27:16.

not an expanding storm is just that the uncertainty is greater. What is

:27:17.:27:21.

certain is that this is a powerful storm and will deliver

:27:22.:27:24.

extraordinarily amount of rain. The storm surge could amount to three

:27:25.:27:29.

meters. That storm structured life back in the heart of Africa. It's

:27:30.:27:34.

these thunderstorms that have caused not only hurricanes in the Atlantic

:27:35.:27:38.

but extraordinary consequences in the rainy season in Africa. MS

:27:39.:27:47.

mudslides and over 1000 casualties recorded. -- Amendment applies. The

:27:48.:27:51.

disruption to normal life has been extensive. On Britain's debt, a

:27:52.:28:01.

quiet a quiet affair on the Atlas matters. These west African states

:28:02.:28:09.

would we might see the potential for some heavy downpours. All that we

:28:10.:28:12.

could drag some of that when further south, then you're off the southern

:28:13.:28:18.

states in Africa are experiencing crushing doubt. Egypt, temperature

:28:19.:28:27.

in Cairo pushing towards 35 degrees. Across the Mediterranean into

:28:28.:28:31.

Europe, things are on the warm and pleasant sight across many of the

:28:32.:28:35.

southern states. For the north, as we have seen in the British Isles,

:28:36.:28:40.

fronts are moving in from the Atlantic, splitting a combination of

:28:41.:28:45.

wet and windy fear. Further east, low-pressure giving unsubtle weather

:28:46.:28:56.

in Russia. We'll just have to wait a human rights for the forecast. --

:28:57.:29:00.

wakey few minutes for the forecast. Hello, this is Outside Source. The

:29:01.:30:14.

lead story, the Trump administration told it was good to scrap the scheme

:30:15.:30:18.

to protect young undocumented immigrant in the US from

:30:19.:30:24.

deportation. An open-ended circumvention of immigration law

:30:25.:30:27.

that was an unconstitutional exercise of authority by the

:30:28.:30:31.

executive branch. Vladimir Putin is warning the world that a military

:30:32.:30:34.

stand-off with North Korea threatened a global catastrophe. The

:30:35.:30:39.

Australian High Court is hearing a legal challenge to a proposed postal

:30:40.:30:43.

vote on the legalisation of same-sex marriage. A report coming up. As

:30:44.:30:49.

Russia continues to battle the Islamic State group in Syria, we

:30:50.:30:53.

will have the extraordinary story of the mountainous province of Dagestan

:30:54.:30:59.

which has become a key recruiting ground for I!. And in the sport we

:31:00.:31:03.

will have the latest on the World Cup qualifiers. -- recruiting ground

:31:04.:31:10.

for Isis. And we have the story of two kite surfers who are trying to

:31:11.:31:14.

set a world record by travelling 1500 kilometres nonstop.

:31:15.:31:29.

President Trump cut straight to it on Twitter this morning, telling

:31:30.:31:36.

Congress to get ready to do its job. He wrote Daca, a reference to the

:31:37.:31:42.

deferred action for childhood arrivals which he wants to scrap. It

:31:43.:31:48.

could affect hundreds of thousands of immigrants. It was a system which

:31:49.:31:51.

President Obama introduced which allowed people who were brought to

:31:52.:31:55.

the US illegally as children do have a temporary right to live, study and

:31:56.:32:00.

work legally in the US. President Trump wants it gone and his Attorney

:32:01.:32:09.

General explained why. I am here to announce that the programme known as

:32:10.:32:15.

Daca is being rescinded. Do have a lawful system of immigration that

:32:16.:32:21.

serves the national interest we cannot admit everyone who would like

:32:22.:32:23.

to come here. It is just that simple. That would be an open

:32:24.:32:29.

borders policy and the American people have rightly rejected that.

:32:30.:32:33.

Therefore the nation must set and enforce a limit on how many

:32:34.:32:37.

immigrants we admit each year and that means all cannot be accepted.

:32:38.:32:44.

This does not mean they are bad people ought that our nation this

:32:45.:32:48.

respect or demeaned them in any way also it means we are properly

:32:49.:32:52.

enforcing our laws as Congress has passed them. Let's look at the

:32:53.:32:58.

practicalities. We have been live to New York and Washington but now to

:32:59.:33:08.

Miami. Luiz, does this mean thousands of people in Florida will

:33:09.:33:13.

need to leave? The details are not completely clear right now. There

:33:14.:33:21.

are about 800,000 so-called dreamers, a lot in California and

:33:22.:33:25.

Texas and also in Florida. The government says there will be a

:33:26.:33:28.

six-month period the people currently in the system and they

:33:29.:33:36.

could find a more permanent solution and legislation which is what the

:33:37.:33:40.

Trump administration says is needed if this programme is to continue.

:33:41.:33:46.

They say they will not accept any more Daca applications into the

:33:47.:33:49.

system but this creates a very large degree of uncertainty for the

:33:50.:33:54.

800,000 people, mostly Mexican Americans. There are 600,000 people

:33:55.:34:01.

of Mexican origin who are part of this programme and they are not sure

:34:02.:34:05.

what will happen in six months if Congress does not act to create a

:34:06.:34:11.

more stable legislative framework. Explain to viewers who have not

:34:12.:34:15.

heard about the scheme, getting a Daca permit can be a transformative

:34:16.:34:19.

moment for these young people? Definitely. There are many stories

:34:20.:34:24.

that have been covered in the media here about how these people in many

:34:25.:34:33.

cases overcame very substantial odds to arrive to university, perhaps the

:34:34.:34:37.

first in their family to do that. Some of them served in the Armed

:34:38.:34:41.

Forces, but they were not part of the legal system in the US and Daca

:34:42.:34:48.

created an expectation of a regular means of staying in the country. It

:34:49.:34:53.

also incorporated them into legality, into the formal labour

:34:54.:34:58.

market in the US soap all kinds of benefits. The other thing that a lot

:34:59.:35:04.

of them say is important for them they have lived in many cases many

:35:05.:35:07.

years, spending their entire lives here, and they faced the prospect of

:35:08.:35:12.

deportation to a country they barely know having left when they were two

:35:13.:35:18.

or three years old in some cases. For many practical purposes they

:35:19.:35:21.

have grown up as Americans and they do not see themselves as anything

:35:22.:35:25.

other than that and that is what it has created so much uncertainty and

:35:26.:35:29.

distress in particular in the Hispanic community but in many

:35:30.:35:36.

others as well. Thank you very much. BBC News is not just producing

:35:37.:35:41.

stories in English, we are working in well over 25 languages. Switching

:35:42.:35:50.

from Miami to Australia and a postal vote on same-sex marriage is planned

:35:51.:35:54.

there but it could be stopped. Campaigners have taken the issue to

:35:55.:35:57.

the High Court with the argument that the cost of the vote, $100

:35:58.:36:02.

million, was not allocated through the correct processes. They want the

:36:03.:36:07.

matter to be dealt with by Parliament and not in a national

:36:08.:36:10.

vote. Here is our Sydney correspondent.

:36:11.:36:16.

It's a battle which Australia's politicians have

:36:17.:36:17.

Now it is up to the courts to decide if a vote on same-sex

:36:18.:36:22.

Opinion polls suggest most Australians support marriage

:36:23.:36:24.

equality but at the moment only gay couples with a British passport

:36:25.:36:27.

Some fear the eight-week-long national postal vote will stoke

:36:28.:36:31.

We have already seen an intense amount of hatred and vitriol come

:36:32.:36:35.

out through that campaigns as well as ludicrous

:36:36.:36:37.

accusations like, you know, children of gay parents have

:36:38.:36:39.

all these problems in school, and that's very problematic for us.

:36:40.:36:48.

The two-day court hearing has drawn intense scrutiny,

:36:49.:36:51.

becoming a test of the government's authority is and its determination

:36:52.:36:55.

Given the undoubted powers under the Constitution and given

:36:56.:37:06.

the relevant legislation, the government is confident

:37:07.:37:10.

we have the constitutional and legal authority to conduct the Australian

:37:11.:37:13.

marital postal survey in the form as proposed.

:37:14.:37:18.

Those challenging the vote say the $100 million survey

:37:19.:37:20.

We hope finally our federal parliament will stop delaying,

:37:21.:37:27.

stop dragging this out and finally deliver on the settled

:37:28.:37:30.

will of the Australian people to allow all Australians to be able

:37:31.:37:33.

to marry the person they love in the country that they love.

:37:34.:37:37.

With ballot papers due to be sent out in a week,

:37:38.:37:40.

the court's decision is expected to be swift.

:37:41.:37:45.

But it is unlikely to bring an end to one of the most divisive

:37:46.:37:48.

Now the sport and we begin with the World Cup qualifiers and a number of

:37:49.:37:59.

teams are certain to go to Russia for the tournament next year but

:38:00.:38:03.

they are all being overshadowed by these guys, the Syrian team. They

:38:04.:38:07.

are not quite there but still very much in it thanks to quite a match.

:38:08.:38:14.

We can go to be BBC sport Centre. Stories don't get much better than

:38:15.:38:19.

this? This is a terrific story, Syria keep the dream alive and they

:38:20.:38:23.

are playing Australia over tee legs with the winners playing someone

:38:24.:38:27.

from North and Central America and that could still be the United

:38:28.:38:33.

States -- over tee legs. The biggest story in the last hour is Saudi

:38:34.:38:36.

Arabia going through to the World Cup. They are the first Arabic

:38:37.:38:42.

nation at the showpiece event since 2006 and they will join Iran, Japan,

:38:43.:38:49.

South Korea, Brazil, Mexico, Belgium and hosts Russia in the 32 team

:38:50.:38:56.

tournament. A second-half winner helped them beat Japan 1-0. It takes

:38:57.:39:01.

them to their fifth World Cup and sends Australia to the play-offs.

:39:02.:39:06.

Australia needed a big win over Thailand in order to confirm their

:39:07.:39:12.

place. Tomi Juric put them ahead but with eight minutes to go Thailand

:39:13.:39:20.

equalised. Poor defence but a pretty good goal. Mathew Leckie of Hertha

:39:21.:39:28.

Berlin got the winner for the Socceroos but Saudi Arabia's

:39:29.:39:32.

superior goal difference meant Australia were pushed into third

:39:33.:39:35.

place and they will face Syria in the play-offs. If we had got one a

:39:36.:39:43.

bit earlier, and open them up a bit, but... Like I said, it is

:39:44.:39:50.

heartbreaking for the players. I thought they did not get their

:39:51.:39:56.

rewards tonight for a brilliant performance. That was Ange

:39:57.:40:01.

Postecoglou, the Australian coach. Syria drew 2-2 to finish third in

:40:02.:40:08.

the group. They broke through the Iranian defence for the first in the

:40:09.:40:13.

13th minute with a close range header. And Iran then went ahead 2-1

:40:14.:40:21.

but Syria pushed for an equaliser and it came three minutes into

:40:22.:40:27.

stoppage time. This secured the fairy tale comeback and a play-off

:40:28.:40:36.

for them. You and everyone else in Australia were rooting for your team

:40:37.:40:40.

and everybody else for the other's?! I don't know! I am being impartial

:40:41.:40:49.

for the BBC! But the 31 qualifiers taking place across the globe on

:40:50.:40:53.

Tuesday, there is a full list on the website. A lot is happening across

:40:54.:41:00.

Europe as you can appreciate. We don't have time to go through them

:41:01.:41:02.

all but if your country is playing you can get it on the BBC sport

:41:03.:41:08.

website and the app. One more quick line, online ticket sales for the

:41:09.:41:12.

Winter Olympics next year open in South Korea on Tuesday and

:41:13.:41:18.

organisers admit far fewer places have been sold up the growing

:41:19.:41:23.

concerns over North Korea's nuclear plans. The games take place in the

:41:24.:41:29.

country arguably with a limited Winter sports tradition, far from

:41:30.:41:34.

the core markets of Europe and North America so local attendance is

:41:35.:41:37.

crucial to ensure those grandstands are full. Thank you. Good to speak

:41:38.:41:42.

to you as always. One more thing, check these guys out, two kite

:41:43.:41:47.

servers are attempting a world record, trying to travel further

:41:48.:41:53.

than any team has done in one go. They are attempting to travel 1500

:41:54.:42:00.

kilometres nonstop, which would break their own record. It is

:42:01.:42:05.

expected to take five days and in that time there will not be any land

:42:06.:42:07.

in sight but they will have support. The motivation to overcome

:42:08.:42:13.

such a long distance a goal that sometimes can look

:42:14.:42:15.

impossible but then with good preparation, a good team

:42:16.:42:19.

and training you can reach it. The biggest danger

:42:20.:42:22.

during this challenge will be hitting a container

:42:23.:42:25.

during the night or even during the Nowadays, big ships,

:42:26.:42:28.

when there is a storm they can easily lose those containers

:42:29.:42:36.

and if we get one, either me or the support boat,

:42:37.:42:38.

it will cause severe damage to us. Nervous, for sure,

:42:39.:42:41.

but in a very good way. It's nice to actually have a team

:42:42.:42:43.

partner at this time, were you know someone is in the exact

:42:44.:42:48.

same mindset and you just want to If you just trust your strengths,

:42:49.:42:51.

you kind of, how do we say in yoga, breathe over

:42:52.:42:55.

the pain and continue to go. Take note of that, everything will

:42:56.:43:08.

be fine! This was a story from last year, a lot of Wales in northern

:43:09.:43:16.

Europe were beaching -- a lot of whales. Scientists think it is to do

:43:17.:43:20.

with how they navigate and the Northern lights are also involved.

:43:21.:43:29.

Four serving members of the Army have been arrested under anti-terror

:43:30.:43:33.

laws on suspicion of being a member of a band neo-Nazi group. A fifth

:43:34.:43:39.

person, a civilian, has also been arrested on the same charge. The BBC

:43:40.:43:44.

understands one of the soldiers was detained in Cyprus, the army

:43:45.:43:48.

confirmed the arrests and said it supported the operation. Four the

:43:49.:43:52.

men are being held at a West Midlands Police station. Police say

:43:53.:43:55.

there were a 22-year-old from Birmingham, a 32-year-old from

:43:56.:43:59.

Powers, a 24-year-old from Ipswich and a 24-year-old from Northampton.

:44:00.:44:01.

Tom Symons has more. The BBC's been told three

:44:02.:44:08.

of the men are members of the Royal Anglian Regiment,

:44:09.:44:11.

which recruits in Norfolk, Suffolk, Four were arrested in

:44:12.:44:13.

the UK, one in Cyprus. That group is National Action,

:44:14.:44:16.

which described itself last year in the language of Hitler's fascism,

:44:17.:44:35.

as a national socialist The focus was as much on spreading

:44:36.:44:38.

neo-Nazi ideas online. But experts say the far right

:44:39.:44:50.

is not well supported. I think extreme right groups

:44:51.:44:56.

in Britain and others like Britain First are very good

:44:57.:44:58.

these days at creating a sense of greater scale using social media

:44:59.:45:01.

than is actually the case. Probably with National Action,

:45:02.:45:04.

we're looking at people in the tens to perhaps the low hundreds

:45:05.:45:07.

at very best. But when the Labour MP Jo Cox

:45:08.:45:10.

was murdered by a loner influenced by similar far right propaganda,

:45:11.:45:15.

the Government acted, proscribing Despite their name,

:45:16.:45:17.

National Action seeks to divide They are entirely contrary

:45:18.:45:25.

to the interests of our nation. Proscribing this neo-Nazi group

:45:26.:45:33.

will prevent its membership growing, prevent them spreading propaganda

:45:34.:45:35.

which allows a culture of hatred Legally, the group should not now

:45:36.:45:37.

exist but police in Birmingham are questioning five suspected

:45:38.:45:42.

members under counterterrorism laws, while searches

:45:43.:45:43.

of properties are carried out. This is Outside Source, our lead

:45:44.:46:09.

story is from Washington where the Trump and demonstration has

:46:10.:46:12.

announced plans to scrap a scheme which protect young, undocumented

:46:13.:46:15.

immigrant in the US from deportation. Next on the programme,

:46:16.:46:23.

we want to talk about Dagestan. This is a Russian republic in the

:46:24.:46:30.

volatile North Caucasus region. If you ask Vladimir Putin how many

:46:31.:46:34.

Russian citizens fight for Islamic State in Syria, the last time he

:46:35.:46:37.

talked about it he estimated it to be 4000. Many of those come from

:46:38.:46:45.

Dagestan. The BBC's Steve Rosenberg has been there and this was his

:46:46.:46:46.

report. They used to believe

:46:47.:46:51.

that this was where the gods In Dagestan today,

:46:52.:46:53.

the battle cry is jihad. For people have been leaving these

:46:54.:46:57.

mountains for a holy war. Artur says his wife

:46:58.:47:02.

was drawn to radical Islam. One day, without telling him,

:47:03.:47:06.

she took their two daughters and left for Syria to join so-called

:47:07.:47:09.

Islamic State. Desperate to rescue his children,

:47:10.:47:14.

Artur smuggled himself into a Isis To escape from the caliphate,

:47:15.:47:18.

they headed for the Turkish border. TRANSLATION: I picked

:47:19.:47:30.

up my little girl and told my My youngest started crying

:47:31.:47:32.

and I tripped, I fell three times. The Turkish border guards

:47:33.:47:40.

were just 50 metres away We dived into an irrigation

:47:41.:47:43.

ditch and hid there with Then we escaped through some

:47:44.:47:47.

long grass and I saw My youngest daughter asked me later,

:47:48.:47:52.

"how come everyone else has But I know the girls

:47:53.:48:07.

are still in touch with their It is not only from this house,

:48:08.:48:13.

this village, that people Dagestan has become a key recruiting

:48:14.:48:22.

ground for Islamic State. The authorities here say

:48:23.:48:35.

1200 Dagestanis have That means that relative

:48:36.:48:37.

to its population, this part of Russia has produced ten times

:48:38.:48:40.

more jihadists than Belgium, which is Europe's top source

:48:41.:48:43.

of fighters for the caliphate. What has been drawing

:48:44.:48:45.

Dagestanis to Syria? Marat says he was brainwashed

:48:46.:48:50.

by radical preachers online also He had abandoned his pregnant wife

:48:51.:49:00.

in Dagestan for jihad in Syria. TRANSLATION: I felt my sole

:49:01.:49:02.

duty was to wage holy It was not a holy war

:49:03.:49:08.

at all, it was just Some claim the authorities have made

:49:09.:49:15.

the situation worse. In this town I am shown the mosque

:49:16.:49:23.

of a fundamentalist branch of Islam. He admits that up to six members

:49:24.:49:26.

of the congregation have left for Syria but closing the mosque,

:49:27.:49:36.

he says, is no solution. When the young people

:49:37.:49:42.

are here with us, he says, But shut the mosque

:49:43.:49:45.

and the young people leave. Who knows where they go

:49:46.:49:49.

and what they are doing? Islam is part of the fabric

:49:50.:49:55.

of life in these mountains. But the kind of Islam

:49:56.:50:00.

the authorities want people here to embrace is an Islam that

:50:01.:50:03.

preaches tolerance and So that Dagestanis will not feel

:50:04.:50:05.

the need to go and fight a holy war. If you are a regular viewer you know

:50:06.:50:25.

we have an hour of international news and we have had reports from

:50:26.:50:29.

Dagestan, Portugal, Bangladesh, the US and the UK and next we turn to

:50:30.:50:34.

Brazil because police have been searching the country's Olympic

:50:35.:50:40.

Association headquarters and also it chief and his home, Carlos Nuzman,

:50:41.:50:45.

who headed the successful bid for Rio to host the 2016 Olympics. The

:50:46.:50:49.

police are saying they have strong evidence of vote buying. Earlier I

:50:50.:50:55.

spoke to Camilla Costa in Sao Paulo for the latest.

:50:56.:50:59.

What happens at this point is that the police had been

:51:00.:51:02.

investigating this massive corruption scheme in

:51:03.:51:04.

Now, in collaboration with the French authorities and American

:51:05.:51:07.

authorities, they have reached a new layer that might involve

:51:08.:51:09.

the bidding of Rio to be the Olympic Games host

:51:10.:51:12.

What they have found out, what they say is that one of Rio's

:51:13.:51:22.

top executives had been in a sort of cash for

:51:23.:51:34.

top executives had been in a sort of cash for votes scheme involving

:51:35.:51:37.

And this executive had paid African members of the International Olympic

:51:38.:51:41.

committee for their votes in the bidding for Rio.

:51:42.:51:44.

Presumably those being investigated deny doing

:51:45.:51:46.

Yes, obviously they do deny and actually the president

:51:47.:51:52.

of the Brazilian Olympic Committee has been taken in for questioning

:51:53.:51:54.

and his lawyer denies any kind of allegations and says that Rio's

:51:55.:51:57.

election happened without any kind of corruption scheme and the

:51:58.:52:01.

executive in question, Arthur Suarez, actually has not been

:52:02.:52:03.

They did look for him today but he is

:52:04.:52:10.

considered to be running away from them and

:52:11.:52:12.

they say is probably in the

:52:13.:52:13.

Let's go back to early 2016. 29 pilot whales washed up on different

:52:14.:52:29.

beaches in northern Europe. In the UK and France and the Netherlands

:52:30.:52:33.

and also in Germany and scientists were puzzled. They did autopsies but

:52:34.:52:38.

they found they were well fed, young and disease free but they have come

:52:39.:52:41.

up with a theory. They believe this could have been connected to solar

:52:42.:52:48.

storms and how they disrupted the way the animals navigated. Mat

:52:49.:52:52.

McBriar explains more. -- Matt McGrath.

:52:53.:52:55.

Crowds gathered at Hunstanton, on the coast of Norfolk,

:52:56.:52:57.

in February 2016, to see this ocean giant washed up on a

:52:58.:53:00.

All around the North Sea, more than two dozen other sperm

:53:01.:53:03.

whales were found stranded in the first two

:53:04.:53:05.

Scientists were extremely puzzled - the creatures were young,

:53:06.:53:11.

Now it's thought the Northern Lights may have played

:53:12.:53:14.

The Aurora are the visible evidence of large solar storms, which distort

:53:15.:53:21.

This can cause species that rely on that field

:53:22.:53:25.

for navigation, like sperm whales, to lose their way.

:53:26.:53:30.

After big solar storms in December 2015, scientists say the confused

:53:31.:53:33.

creatures swam into the shallow North Sea and beached themselves,

:53:34.:53:35.

Researchers at London Zoo autopsied a number of the whales

:53:36.:53:41.

We know that sperm whales are stranded around the North Sea

:53:42.:53:48.

for many, many years historically and it's certainly a possible factor

:53:49.:53:51.

in this instance that we have these whales that got into the North Sea

:53:52.:53:54.

for an unknown reason and then once they are in there,

:53:55.:53:57.

they cannot find their way out and they become so disorientated,

:53:58.:54:00.

So that's what happened in last year's events.

:54:01.:54:03.

Why did they end up there in the first place?

:54:04.:54:05.

To be honest, I think we will never know.

:54:06.:54:07.

There is too much uncertainty around the events in this

:54:08.:54:09.

instance in terms of where they were,

:54:10.:54:11.

where they came from, and so on.

:54:12.:54:13.

And so I think we will really never know what really

:54:14.:54:15.

Proving the impact of geomagnetic storms on the strandings of sperm

:54:16.:54:19.

whales may well be impossible, however researchers here

:54:20.:54:21.

at London Zoo and a team at Nasa are actively investigating

:54:22.:54:24.

the impact of solar activities on the strandings

:54:25.:54:26.

The results in that study are due in the next month or so.

:54:27.:54:32.

That might shed some definitive light on the role

:54:33.:54:34.

Tomorrow I am travelling to Germany and on Thursday I will be live with

:54:35.:54:51.

you from Cologne as we bring you the latest on the German election

:54:52.:54:56.

campaign. I will see you then and we will be back with Outside Source

:54:57.:54:58.

tomorrow. Good night. Hello. The weather headlines for the

:54:59.:55:13.

next few days are likely to be dominated by

:55:14.:55:14.