05/09/2017 Outside Source

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Ros Atkins with an innovative take on the latest global stories.

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Hello, this is Outside Source. The lead story, the Trump administration


told it was good to scrap the scheme to protect young undocumented


immigrant in the US from deportation. An open-ended


circumvention of immigration law that was an unconstitutional


exercise of authority by the executive branch. Vladimir Putin is


warning the world that a military stand-off with North Korea


threatened a global catastrophe. The Australian High Court is hearing a


legal challenge to a proposed postal vote on the legalisation of same-sex


marriage. A report coming up. As Russia continues to battle the


Islamic State group in Syria, we will have the extraordinary story of


the mountainous province of Dagestan which has become a key recruiting


ground for I!. And in the sport we will have the latest on the World


Cup qualifiers. -- recruiting ground for Isis. And we have the story of


two kite surfers who are trying to set a world record by travelling


1500 kilometres nonstop. President Trump cut straight to it


on Twitter this morning, telling Congress to get ready to do its job.


He wrote Daca, a reference to the deferred action for childhood


arrivals which he wants to scrap. It could affect hundreds of thousands


of immigrants. It was a system which President Obama introduced which


allowed people who were brought to the US illegally as children do have


a temporary right to live, study and work legally in the US. President


Trump wants it gone and his Attorney General explained why. I am here to


announce that the programme known as Daca is being rescinded. Do have a


lawful system of immigration that serves the national interest we


cannot admit everyone who would like to come here. It is just that


simple. That would be an open borders policy and the American


people have rightly rejected that. Therefore the nation must set and


enforce a limit on how many immigrants we admit each year and


that means all cannot be accepted. This does not mean they are bad


people ought that our nation this respect or demeaned them in any way


also it means we are properly enforcing our laws as Congress has


passed them. Let's look at the practicalities. We have been live to


New York and Washington but now to Miami. Luiz, does this mean


thousands of people in Florida will need to leave? The details are not


completely clear right now. There are about 800,000 so-called


dreamers, a lot in California and Texas and also in Florida. The


government says there will be a six-month period the people


currently in the system and they could find a more permanent solution


and legislation which is what the Trump administration says is needed


if this programme is to continue. They say they will not accept any


more Daca applications into the system but this creates a very large


degree of uncertainty for the 800,000 people, mostly Mexican


Americans. There are 600,000 people of Mexican origin who are part of


this programme and they are not sure what will happen in six months if


Congress does not act to create a more stable legislative framework.


Explain to viewers who have not heard about the scheme, getting a


Daca permit can be a transformative moment for these young people?


Definitely. There are many stories that have been covered in the media


here about how these people in many cases overcame very substantial odds


to arrive to university, perhaps the first in their family to do that.


Some of them served in the Armed Forces, but they were not part of


the legal system in the US and Daca created an expectation of a regular


means of staying in the country. It also incorporated them into


legality, into the formal labour market in the US soap all kinds of


benefits. The other thing that a lot of them say is important for them


they have lived in many cases many years, spending their entire lives


here, and they faced the prospect of deportation to a country they barely


know having left when they were two or three years old in some cases.


For many practical purposes they have grown up as Americans and they


do not see themselves as anything other than that and that is what it


has created so much uncertainty and distress in particular in the


Hispanic community but in many others as well. Thank you very much.


BBC News is not just producing stories in English, we are working


in well over 25 languages. Switching from Miami to Australia and a postal


vote on same-sex marriage is planned there but it could be stopped.


Campaigners have taken the issue to the High Court with the argument


that the cost of the vote, $100 million, was not allocated through


the correct processes. They want the matter to be dealt with by


Parliament and not in a national vote. Here is our Sydney


correspondent. It's a battle which


Australia's politicians have Now it is up to the courts to decide


if a vote on same-sex Opinion polls suggest most


Australians support marriage equality but at the moment only gay


couples with a British passport Some fear the eight-week-long


national postal vote will stoke We have already seen an intense


amount of hatred and vitriol come out through that campaigns


as well as ludicrous accusations like, you know,


children of gay parents have all these problems in school,


and that's very problematic for us. The two-day court hearing has


drawn intense scrutiny, becoming a test of the government's


authority is and its determination Given the undoubted powers under


the Constitution and given the relevant legislation,


the government is confident we have the constitutional and legal


authority to conduct the Australian marital postal survey


in the form as proposed. Those challenging the vote say


the $100 million survey We hope finally our federal


parliament will stop delaying, stop dragging this out and finally


deliver on the settled will of the Australian people


to allow all Australians to be able to marry the person they love


in the country that they love. With ballot papers due


to be sent out in a week, the court's decision is expected


to be swift. But it is unlikely to bring an end


to one of the most divisive Now the sport and we begin with the


World Cup qualifiers and a number of teams are certain to go to Russia


for the tournament next year but they are all being overshadowed by


these guys, the Syrian team. They are not quite there but still very


much in it thanks to quite a match. We can go to be BBC sport Centre.


Stories don't get much better than this? This is a terrific story,


Syria keep the dream alive and they are playing Australia over tee legs


with the winners playing someone from North and Central America and


that could still be the United States -- over tee legs. The biggest


story in the last hour is Saudi Arabia going through to the World


Cup. They are the first Arabic nation at the showpiece event since


2006 and they will join Iran, Japan, South Korea, Brazil, Mexico, Belgium


and hosts Russia in the 32 team tournament. A second-half winner


helped them beat Japan 1-0. It takes them to their fifth World Cup and


sends Australia to the play-offs. Australia needed a big win over


Thailand in order to confirm their place. Tomi Juric put them ahead but


with eight minutes to go Thailand equalised. Poor defence but a pretty


good goal. Mathew Leckie of Hertha Berlin got the winner for the


Socceroos but Saudi Arabia's superior goal difference meant


Australia were pushed into third place and they will face Syria in


the play-offs. If we had got one a bit earlier, and open them up a bit,


but... Like I said, it is heartbreaking for the players. I


thought they did not get their rewards tonight for a brilliant


performance. That was Ange Postecoglou, the Australian coach.


Syria drew 2-2 to finish third in the group. They broke through the


Iranian defence for the first in the 13th minute with a close range


header. And Iran then went ahead 2-1 but Syria pushed for an equaliser


and it came three minutes into stoppage time. This secured the


fairy tale comeback and a play-off for them. You and everyone else in


Australia were rooting for your team and everybody else for the other's?!


I don't know! I am being impartial for the BBC! But the 31 qualifiers


taking place across the globe on Tuesday, there is a full list on the


website. A lot is happening across Europe as you can appreciate. We


don't have time to go through them all but if your country is playing


you can get it on the BBC sport website and the app. One more quick


line, online ticket sales for the Winter Olympics next year open in


South Korea on Tuesday and organisers admit far fewer places


have been sold up the growing concerns over North Korea's nuclear


plans. The games take place in the country arguably with a limited


Winter sports tradition, far from the core markets of Europe and North


America so local attendance is crucial to ensure those grandstands


are full. Thank you. Good to speak to you as always. One more thing,


check these guys out, two kite servers are attempting a world


record, trying to travel further than any team has done in one go.


They are attempting to travel 1500 kilometres nonstop, which would


break their own record. It is expected to take five days and in


that time there will not be any land in sight but they will have support.


The motivation to overcome such a long distance


a goal that sometimes can look impossible but then with good


preparation, a good team and training you can reach it.


The biggest danger during this challenge


will be hitting a container during the night or even during the


Nowadays, big ships, when there is a storm they can


easily lose those containers and if we get one,


either me or the support boat, it will cause severe damage to us.


Nervous, for sure, but in a very good way.


It's nice to actually have a team partner at this time, were


you know someone is in the exact same mindset and you just want to


If you just trust your strengths, you kind of, how do we


say in yoga, breathe over the pain and continue to go.


Take note of that, everything will be fine! This was a story from last


year, a lot of Wales in northern Europe were beaching -- a lot of


whales. Scientists think it is to do with how they navigate and the


Northern lights are also involved. Four serving members of the Army


have been arrested under anti-terror laws on suspicion of being a member


of a band neo-Nazi group. A fifth person, a civilian, has also been


arrested on the same charge. The BBC understands one of the soldiers was


detained in Cyprus, the army confirmed the arrests and said it


supported the operation. Four the men are being held at a West


Midlands Police station. Police say there were a 22-year-old from


Birmingham, a 32-year-old from Powers, a 24-year-old from Ipswich


and a 24-year-old from Northampton. Tom Symons has more.


The BBC's been told three of the men are members


of the Royal Anglian Regiment, which recruits in Norfolk, Suffolk,


Four were arrested in the UK, one in Cyprus.


That group is National Action, which described itself last year


in the language of Hitler's fascism, as a national socialist


The focus was as much on spreading neo-Nazi ideas online.


But experts say the far right is not well supported.


I think extreme right groups in Britain and others


like Britain First are very good these days at creating a sense


of greater scale using social media than is actually the case.


Probably with National Action, we're looking at people in the tens


to perhaps the low hundreds at very best.


But when the Labour MP Jo Cox was murdered by a loner influenced


by similar far right propaganda, the Government acted, proscribing


Despite their name, National Action seeks to divide


They are entirely contrary to the interests of our nation.


Proscribing this neo-Nazi group will prevent its membership growing,


prevent them spreading propaganda which allows a culture of hatred


Legally, the group should not now exist but police in Birmingham


are questioning five suspected members under counterterrorism


laws, while searches of properties are carried out.


This is Outside Source, our lead story is from Washington where the


Trump and demonstration has announced plans to scrap a scheme


which protect young, undocumented immigrant in the US from


deportation. Next on the programme, we want to talk about Dagestan. This


is a Russian republic in the volatile North Caucasus region. If


you ask Vladimir Putin how many Russian citizens fight for Islamic


State in Syria, the last time he talked about it he estimated it to


be 4000. Many of those come from Dagestan. The BBC's Steve Rosenberg


has been there and this was his report.


They used to believe that this was where the gods


In Dagestan today, the battle cry is jihad.


For people have been leaving these mountains for a holy war.


Artur says his wife was drawn to radical Islam.


One day, without telling him, she took their two daughters


and left for Syria to join so-called Islamic State.


Desperate to rescue his children, Artur smuggled himself into a Isis


To escape from the caliphate, they headed for the Turkish border.


TRANSLATION: I picked up my little girl and told my


My youngest started crying and I tripped, I fell three times.


The Turkish border guards were just 50 metres away


We dived into an irrigation ditch and hid there with


Then we escaped through some long grass and I saw


My youngest daughter asked me later, "how come everyone else has


But I know the girls are still in touch with their


It is not only from this house, this village, that people


Dagestan has become a key recruiting ground for Islamic State.


The authorities here say 1200 Dagestanis have


That means that relative to its population, this part


of Russia has produced ten times more jihadists than Belgium,


which is Europe's top source of fighters for the caliphate.


What has been drawing Dagestanis to Syria?


Marat says he was brainwashed by radical preachers online also


He had abandoned his pregnant wife in Dagestan for jihad in Syria.


TRANSLATION: I felt my sole duty was to wage holy


It was not a holy war at all, it was just


Some claim the authorities have made the situation worse.


In this town I am shown the mosque of a fundamentalist branch of Islam.


He admits that up to six members of the congregation have left


for Syria but closing the mosque, he says, is no solution.


When the young people are here with us, he says,


But shut the mosque and the young people leave.


Who knows where they go and what they are doing?


Islam is part of the fabric of life in these mountains.


But the kind of Islam the authorities want people


here to embrace is an Islam that preaches tolerance and


So that Dagestanis will not feel the need to go and fight a holy war.


If you are a regular viewer you know we have an hour of international


news and we have had reports from Dagestan, Portugal, Bangladesh, the


US and the UK and next we turn to Brazil because police have been


searching the country's Olympic Association headquarters and also it


chief and his home, Carlos Nuzman, who headed the successful bid for


Rio to host the 2016 Olympics. The police are saying they have strong


evidence of vote buying. Earlier I spoke to Camilla Costa in Sao Paulo


for the latest. What happens at this point


is that the police had been investigating this massive


corruption scheme in Now, in collaboration with


the French authorities and American authorities, they have reached


a new layer that might involve the bidding of Rio to be


the Olympic Games host What they have found out,


what they say is that one of Rio's top executives had been


in a sort of cash for top executives had been in a sort


of cash for votes scheme involving And this executive had paid African


members of the International Olympic committee for their votes


in the bidding for Rio. Presumably those being


investigated deny doing Yes, obviously they do deny


and actually the president of the Brazilian Olympic Committee


has been taken in for questioning and his lawyer denies any kind


of allegations and says that Rio's election happened without any kind


of corruption scheme and the executive in question,


Arthur Suarez, actually has not been They did look for him


today but he is considered to be running


away from them and they say is probably


in the Let's go back to early 2016. 29


pilot whales washed up on different beaches in northern Europe. In the


UK and France and the Netherlands and also in Germany and scientists


were puzzled. They did autopsies but they found they were well fed, young


and disease free but they have come up with a theory. They believe this


could have been connected to solar storms and how they disrupted the


way the animals navigated. Mat McBriar explains more. -- Matt


McGrath. Crowds gathered at Hunstanton,


on the coast of Norfolk, in February 2016, to see this ocean


giant washed up on a All around the North Sea,


more than two dozen other sperm whales were found stranded


in the first two Scientists were extremely puzzled -


the creatures were young, Now it's thought the Northern


Lights may have played The Aurora are the visible evidence


of large solar storms, which distort This can cause species


that rely on that field for navigation, like sperm whales,


to lose their way. After big solar storms in December


2015, scientists say the confused creatures swam into the shallow


North Sea and beached themselves, Researchers at London Zoo autopsied


a number of the whales We know that sperm whales


are stranded around the North Sea for many, many years historically


and it's certainly a possible factor in this instance that we have these


whales that got into the North Sea for an unknown reason and then


once they are in there, they cannot find their way out


and they become so disorientated, So that's what happened


in last year's events. Why did they end up


there in the first place? To be honest, I think


we will never know. There is too much uncertainty


around the events in this instance in terms


of where they were, where they came from,


and so on. And so I think we will really


never know what really Proving the impact of geomagnetic


storms on the strandings of sperm whales may well be impossible,


however researchers here at London Zoo and a team at Nasa


are actively investigating the impact of solar


activities on the strandings The results in that study are due


in the next month or so. That might shed some


definitive light on the role Tomorrow I am travelling to Germany


and on Thursday I will be live with you from Cologne as we bring you the


latest on the German election campaign. I will see you then and we


will be back with Outside Source tomorrow. Good night.


Hello. The weather headlines for the next few days are likely to be


dominated by