06/09/2017 Outside Source


06/09/2017

Ros Atkins with an innovative take on the latest global stories.


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Hello, I'm Karen generally, this is Outside Source. Hurricane Irma hit

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the Caribbean and heads north towards Florida. The category five

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storm has already passed over the Leeward Islands and the eye of the

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storm is over Puerto Rico. The track hazard forecasted to

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directly impact the Florida Keys on Sunday as a devastating major

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hurricane. The Florida Keys should be prepared to start feeling the

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effects as early as Friday night and early Saturday.

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Myanmar's de facto leader Aung San Suu Kyi has spoken for the first

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time but the exodus of Rohini and Muslims from Myanmar to Bangladesh.

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Vladimir Putin, the Russian president, has called for diplomacy

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to resolve tensions with North Korea, saying sanctions can do the

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job alone. And we will look at the murder of a

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prominent Indian journalist, a critic of the BJP party.

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Welcome to the programme. In the last couple of hours we have

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received confirmation that two people have been killed in Hurricane

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Irma, that was given by the French overseas Minister saying we are

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talking about two deadened in two seriously injured for now, obviously

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the situation can change very quickly. The category five hurricane

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has destroyed buildings and caused major flooding as trucks and caused

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major flooding is attracts another group of islands in the Caribbean,

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packing winds of up to 300 kph. The eye of the storm is sitting close to

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Puerto Rico at the moment, with the Dominican Republic and Haiti next in

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line. It is passed over the Leeward Islands, which includes Antigua and

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Barbuda and St Maarten. It is not known how much destruction has been

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there already. This is from the island of St

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Maarten, the French interior minister said the island has

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sustained Whites read -- widespread flooding and many buildings have

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been destroyed. Another scene from the islands, we should be able to

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see it. Absolute chaos, yachts in tatters, giving an indication of how

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bad the flooding is. We can expect to learn more about the full extent

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in the coming hours. Just look at what they are dealing with, this is

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the picture from mass of what looks like from the International Space

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Station, it was taken as Burma made landfall in the Caribbean, it is

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huge -- it was taken as Irma made landfall. The Caribbean expects Irma

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to hit at some point on Saturday or Sunday, these lines of vehicles

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lining up at petrol stations as the hurricane approaches. Forced

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evacuations of people living in Florida have begun.

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I have spoken to James fares, a British citizen living in St Kitts.

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Things have started to improve. (INAUDIBLE)

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Between five and seven a local time this morning.

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The wind started off at around midnight and ramped up gradually

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until five. And then the sun came up and you could see the full force of

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the storm across the bay where I live.

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Know you're getting a pretty complete picture of the kind of

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damage it has caused? Yes. Luckily the area I live in, the majority of

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the houses are hurricane proof. There are trees down, vegetation etc

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but there does not seem to be any obvious structural damage in the

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area that I live in, thankfully. You are part of the hurricane

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preparative steam for the Ross University veterinary clinic where

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you work? Are part of the international vet school that I work

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at, that is correct, we have been planning for some time. Everything

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seems to be going according to plan and to my knowledge everybody is

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safe. You could see something you thought was lightning through your

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curtains, but it was the live electricity cables snapping and

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dancing around in the wind? Yes. It was about 4:30am, five, we thought

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there were lightning strikes but when we looked out we could see the

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snapped electrical cables in the distance dancing around. We are

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looking at the pictures now, James. As you can imagine, it was pretty

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scary. Thankfully it was not in an area where a lot of people live. Now

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we can see it in daylight, everybody seems to be safe in that area. When

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you heard about the magnitude of Irma, what was the reaction, giving

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you were in its path? We knew there was a big storm coming since the

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beginning of last week, there has been an awful lot of preparation

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across the island, people have been storing lots of water, canned food,

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biscuits, these sorts of things. We have been well prepared. What are

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people able to do now? What sort of state have things been left in? At

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the moment the current advisers to stay indoors. We are experiencing

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high winds and rain, things are starting to slowly ease off now. We

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are all sitting it out and waiting for the all clear.

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It has just been there and it is now tracking, it is expected to take

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this path in the coming days. It will pass north of Haiti on the

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Dominican Republic on Thursday, then continue towards the Bahamas, Cuba

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and Florida. Florida Governor Rick Scott has held a news conference,

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this is a little of what he said. Hurricane Irma remains a dangerous

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life-threatening category five storm with winds of 185 mph. It is a big

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storm. I just spoke to President Trump, he offered the full resources

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of the federal government. This storm is massive, the storm surges

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are predicted to go on for miles. In some instances it can cut the

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homes and go very far beyond. It is travelling at about 16 mph, the

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track has its forecast to directly impact the Florida Keys on Sunday,

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is a devastating major hurricane. The Florida Keys should be prepared

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to start feeling the effects of the storm as early as Friday night and

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early Saturday. Storm surge and extreme winds are the biggest

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concern right now. Lots more on the BBC website. Let's

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turn to Myanmar, we have been talking a lot about the mass exodus

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of Rohini Muslims from Myanmar to Bangladesh blast the years. No

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Myanmar's de facto leader has spoken about for the first time. Her office

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posted this on Facebook, it is about if "She had with the Turkish

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president and here are some key codes. Aung San Suu Kyi said, quote,

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there was a huge iceberg of misinformation about the crisis

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which aimed to create a lot of problems between different

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communities and with the aim of promoting the interest of

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terrorists. She took up the theme of terrorism after meeting the Indian

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Prime Minister today. This has flashing images in it, this clip.

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I would like to thank India particularly for the strong stand it

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has taken with regard to the terrorist threat that came to our

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country a couple of weeks ago. We believe that together we can work to

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make sure terrorism is not allowed to take root on our soil or the soil

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of any further countries. Jonathan Head has written an article

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about the spread of fake photographs of the crisis. There is definitely a

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problem but are just not change the fact that the grid does not change

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the fact that 123,000 Rohingyas have fled in the last two weeks to

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Bangladesh and Aung San Suu Kyi did not seem to acknowledge this, it has

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provoked criticism. Sanjoy Majumder Census report from the border.

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That represents this report. These boats are carrying Rohingya refugees

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fleeing persecution in Myanmar. I am told there are several other

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boatloads waiting off the coast of Bangladesh. This is one fresh lot of

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refugees who have just arrived. They have come off this boat and they are

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carrying their household belongings, things they have managed to grab as

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they ran. Several have told me their villages were attacked, they were

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burned. Some people here have gunshot wounds, others have other

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injuries. There are extremely tired and exhausted. It is a dangerous

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voyage and it has taken several days to come here. From here they will

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move onto one of the many refugee camps that have been set up for

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these arrivals. There are more coming in every hour.

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Sanjoy Majumder on the border. As you mentioned, many of those he is

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talking to say they are fleeing persecution in Rakhane state. The

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government tells a different story. Jonathan Head has been to Rakhane

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and sends this report. This is the town near the band were

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dashed border that has been the epicentre of the violence that has

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erupted -- near the Bangladesh border. We are on a long and arduous

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journey on a government tour. The government does not normally allowed

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journalists or foreigners into this region without special permission

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because wants to challenge the narrative that the rest of the world

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is hearing that tens of thousands of refugees have lead to Bangladesh.

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They have taken is to various sites, showing examples of destruction and

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let us talk to people. They all sticking to the same story, which is

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the Muslim militants who have infiltrated Rohingya communities,

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they do not use the word Rohingya, it is pretty much banned in this

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part of the world, they say the Muslim communities where infiltrated

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by these militants and the militants burn down the villagers, you can see

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the remains of perhaps four or five houses, apparently lived in by

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Muslim inhabitants now being looked after in the Buddhist temple.

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Everyone we are speaking to, we are doing seen in the company of heavily

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armed police and government officials. We have heard some

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dissenting views that have spoken quietly to people, but the

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Government wants to get across the message that it is not their fault,

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the security forces have denied any pieces at all, those allegations of

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rape and shooting, they say that the hundreds of villages that have been

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burned down, every part of it is the responsibility of the militants are

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nothing to do with the Government. I think you will be very hard for

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people to believe that, but that is the light we are hearing. The area

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feels very fearful, the shops are shut, there is heavy security. There

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is a sense that the violence that has run over the Cerri on the border

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with Bangladesh is not over yet. This is prominent Indian journalist

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Gauri Lankesh. On Tuesday she was murdered on the doorstep of her home

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in the southern Indian city of Buddle at all. She was a critic of

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the governing BJP party and its ideology of Hindu nationalist

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politics. That show you the pictures of press groups and activists in

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India are protesting over the killing. They have called it a

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brutal assault on the freedom of the press. India has recently seen a

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rise in nationalist sentiment, with journalists increasingly targeted

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for showing opposing dues. BBC Hindi is following this story from Delhi.

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There has been a lot of uproar ever since the news broke. It has been

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the top trend on Twitter, on all social media platforms. Gauri

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Lankesh was a very prominent journalist who worked in top News

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publications in India in the early part of her career and was now

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running an independent weekly newspaper in a southern state. She

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was a known critic of right-wing radical fundamentalism. She is known

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for writing very openly against the establishment and was very, very

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vocal in social media and also trawled heavily on social media in

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the past, and this is what has caused a lot of outrage. Senior

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journalists have staged protests, not only in Bangla door and Delhi

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but in many prominent Indian cities people have taken note marchers

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Daesh not only in Bangalore and Delhi. Candlelight vigils are

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planned. Still to come, thousands are taking

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to the streets in the West African nation of Togo, calling for the

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president to step down. Theresa May has said her Government

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is committed to controlling immigration because of the impact it

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can have on public services in the poorer sections of society. She did

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not comment directly on the draft document which appeared in the

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Guardian newspaper today which suggested ministers could impose a

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limit on the number of low skilled migrants coming from the EU.

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Overall, immigration has been good for the UK, but what people want to

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see is control of that immigration. That is, I think, what people wanted

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to see as a result of coming out of the European Union. I think we are

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already able to exercise controls in relation to those who come into this

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country from outside the countries within the European Union, and we

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continue to believe is a Government that it is important to have net

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migration at sustainable levels, we believe that to be tens of

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thousands, because of the impact it has particularly on those that the

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lower end of the income scale into pressing their wages.

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-- in depressing their wages. You're watching outside source, live

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from the BBC Newsroom. Our top story, Hurricane Irma heads the

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Caribbean, the category five storm is currently over Puerto Rico and

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heading north towards Florida. Other stories being reported on

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around the BBC right now, UN human rights investigators have concluded

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that the Syrian air force carried out a chemical weapons attack on a

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rebel held town in April. At least 83 people died when a bomb filled

:16:09.:16:12.

with nerve agent sarin was dropped on a town. That is on BBC Arabic.

:16:13.:16:16.

Tests have shown that a woman in Spain who claim to be the daughter

:16:17.:16:21.

of the surrealist artist Salvador Dali is not related to him.

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Salvador Dali's body was exhumed in July for forensic testing to settle

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the case. Tkachev! Tkachev! This is the rather

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dramatic attempt by an Irishman to catch a bat which has flown into his

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kitchen. It was filmed in County Kerry by this man's son. You can see

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him chasing the bat around with a bath towel. It is rather

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unsuccessful at first, but you might be pleased to know that the bat was

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eventually captured, it was released back into the wild unharmed. An

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interesting night in that kitchen! These pictures show the height of

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the migrant crisis in Europe. Since 2014 around 1.7 million migrants

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have tried to make new homes in the EU. The numbers peaked in 2015, in

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September that year, EU leaders agreed to spread a total of 160,000

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migrants in clear need of international protection among

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member states over two years, but some countries were against the

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plan. Hungary and Slovakia took the fight to the European Court of

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Justice, today the court rejected the challenge. The Hungarians are

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furious. Here is Nick Thorpe in Budapest.

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The Hungarian Government's reaction to the court verdict was angry and

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immediate. The Foreign Minister described the EU verdict is

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appalling, irresponsible and politically motivated. European law

:17:49.:17:53.

and values had been raped, he said. The European Commissioner for

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migration replied that the only political element lay not in the

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verdict but in the stance of certain governments, as he put it. What the

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Hungarian government is now clearly expects to happen is that the

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European Commission will sue Hungary, Poland and the Czech

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Republic for refusing to accept a single asylum seeker under the

:18:15.:18:20.

mandatory quotas. Such a court case could take between six months and

:18:21.:18:25.

two years. Having lost the legal argument, Hungary hopes it can still

:18:26.:18:29.

influence the political argument over the future of European asylum

:18:30.:18:35.

policy. Nick Thorpe, BBC News, Budapest.

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Business news and lawmakers in the US have approved a bill that would

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allow the likes of Ford, Google at Uber to test thousands more self

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driving vehicles on the roads. It gives car-makers and tech giant

:18:48.:18:49.

certain exemptions from federal rules.

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Let's go to the US and speak to Michelle Fleury in New York. Will

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this mean you will suddenly be seeing a lot more autonomous

:18:59.:19:02.

vehicles on American roads? That is certainly the hope for the

:19:03.:19:07.

likes of General Motors, Ford, another company owned by Google and

:19:08.:19:11.

others developing self driving cars. The situation at the moment, it is

:19:12.:19:16.

very hard, in some states it is forbidden to test these cars on

:19:17.:19:22.

public roads, in other areas you are very least needy human being, a real

:19:23.:19:26.

person, sitting in the car ready to take over the controls in case there

:19:27.:19:31.

are any problems. The argument the car-makers have put forward to

:19:32.:19:34.

lawmakers is that to develop this technology they need to be able to

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test it more and more without having to jump through quite so many hoops.

:19:39.:19:44.

There will still be plenty of measures that they argue they need

:19:45.:19:50.

to be given more freedom to try and develop this and spur innovation,

:19:51.:19:53.

that is the word the lawmakers used as they passed this in one body of

:19:54.:19:59.

Congress today. How big a boost is this for the car-makers making these

:20:00.:20:04.

vehicles, this endorsement of what they are doing? Endorsement as

:20:05.:20:11.

bubbly too strong, it is the idea of innovation, that this is the future,

:20:12.:20:16.

so it is how do you make sure it is American companies developing this

:20:17.:20:20.

technology rather than, for example, other firms in other parts of the

:20:21.:20:24.

world? That is partly the arguments being made. On the other hand,

:20:25.:20:29.

consumer groups say we had to worry about safety. The opportunities are

:20:30.:20:33.

clearly that, when I have spoken in the past two or two executives the

:20:34.:20:38.

future that they point to me is one with a mix of people, in other words

:20:39.:20:43.

there will always be some who like to drive their own car, they like

:20:44.:20:47.

the feel of getting behind the wheel. Others may not want to. If

:20:48.:20:52.

you look at accidents, most are caused by human error so they hope

:20:53.:20:57.

this will lead to safer roads in the future. Thank you, Michelle Fleury.

:20:58.:21:00.

EU authorities are investigating claims that the Italian Mafia has

:21:01.:21:04.

been driving at farmers from subsidised land. It is alleged that

:21:05.:21:08.

organised crime has been pocketing funds and know some 500 million

:21:09.:21:13.

euros worth of payments are under investigation. In Sicily that have

:21:14.:21:17.

long been claims the Mafia is preying on EU subsidies, but locals

:21:18.:21:22.

are also fighting back. This report from Sicily. Land and property under

:21:23.:21:31.

attack. Fighting Sicily 's Mafia is a risky business. This car belonged

:21:32.:21:35.

to Giuseppe. Last year the Mafia try to kill him along this road. He now

:21:36.:21:40.

lives under permanent armed guards after he tried to stop the Mafia

:21:41.:21:44.

from illegally claiming public land as their own in order to get at EU

:21:45.:21:51.

from funds. TRANSLATION: A new law ensures that anybody applying for EU

:21:52.:21:55.

funds for agriculture has to have anti-Mafia certification. For many

:21:56.:22:00.

years now the Mafia has used these funds to finance itself. We have

:22:01.:22:03.

taken that toy away from them, we have not let them play with this any

:22:04.:22:09.

more, we have broken it. It is not just public land that has been

:22:10.:22:13.

targeted by the Mafia. Private landowners are not immune to these

:22:14.:22:16.

problems either. We are in the shadow of Mount Etna, these six

:22:17.:22:22.

hectares of land belonged to Sebastiano. I have come to meeting

:22:23.:22:26.

to find at what happened to his house when he refused to hand his

:22:27.:22:31.

land to the local Mafia groups. Sebastiano's house was burned down

:22:32.:22:35.

last November. TRANSLATION: The message is clear, they wanted me off

:22:36.:22:39.

my land and I am sorry to say that many people just give in. Sometimes

:22:40.:22:42.

it is even what the public authorities recommend we do. His

:22:43.:22:50.

T-shirt says it all, rural Mafia, a protected species. The owner of this

:22:51.:22:55.

vineyard has taken matters into his own hands. He has installed security

:22:56.:23:01.

cameras along his lamp's perimeter. He says he has spent the last few

:23:02.:23:05.

years stopping local Mafia groups from trespassing and damaging his

:23:06.:23:11.

find some property. TRANSLATION: We were under physical but also

:23:12.:23:16.

psychological attack. They said they make the laws around here. They

:23:17.:23:20.

threatened to kill us. They also beat us up. Stakes like these are a

:23:21.:23:28.

common sight in the Sicilian countryside. Many say they mark the

:23:29.:23:34.

lab at the Mafia wants to claim as its own -- land that the Mafia wants

:23:35.:23:38.

to claim as its own, and a sign of the dark shadow that the Mafia wants

:23:39.:23:42.

to cast across the island. Let's go to Togo, and anti-government

:23:43.:23:49.

protests have been taking place across the country. Demonstrators

:23:50.:23:51.

are calling for the president to resign. Unprecedented scenes in

:23:52.:24:00.

Togo, especially in recent times. Protesters in cities and towns

:24:01.:24:05.

across the country take to the streets demanding constitutional

:24:06.:24:08.

change. Amnesty International says more than 100,000 people marched in

:24:09.:24:14.

the capital. Many wearing the red, orange and pink colours of

:24:15.:24:19.

opposition parties. They chanted the word soffritto go. They want the

:24:20.:24:25.

president to resign and to limit the number of terms a president can

:24:26.:24:29.

serve to two. TRANSLATION: We suffer too much, we can't even find food.

:24:30.:24:34.

What country are we? We don't want the president any more, he must go.

:24:35.:24:40.

TRANSLATION: We're here to demand reforms and the return of the

:24:41.:24:44.

diaspora vote, and especially to demand the end of a system that has

:24:45.:24:47.

lasted for 50 years. We must begin to see the end of it.

:24:48.:24:53.

On Tuesday evening Togo's cabinet approved plans for a bill that would

:24:54.:24:57.

modify the Constitution, reintroducing presidential term

:24:58.:25:00.

limits and changing the voting system. But opposition members say

:25:01.:25:03.

the president is merely buying more time about them. There appear to be

:25:04.:25:07.

restrictions on Internet communications throughout Togo.

:25:08.:25:12.

The president has ruled the West African country since his father

:25:13.:25:17.

died in 2005 after 38 years in power.

:25:18.:25:19.

His father passed a law in 1992 limiting the president to two

:25:20.:25:24.

mandates, but then scrap that ten years later.

:25:25.:25:26.

In total, this family has been in charge of Togo for 50 years.

:25:27.:25:30.

They have a strong grip on the military and still enjoy support

:25:31.:25:34.

from broad sections of the Togolese community. When the protest started

:25:35.:25:38.

last month, crowds of government supporters also took to the streets

:25:39.:25:43.

in support of the president. But it is yet to be seen if the

:25:44.:25:47.

Cabinet plasma draft bill modifying the constitution will pacify these

:25:48.:25:53.

opposition protesters. More from Outside Source in a few

:25:54.:25:55.

minutes. Thanks for joining me. No great

:25:56.:26:11.

surprises if I tell you that I will bring you the very latest on

:26:12.:26:15.

Hurricane Irma, which we have watched with interest over the past

:26:16.:26:19.

few days as it formed in the heart of the equatorial Atlantic and then

:26:20.:26:22.