06/09/2017 Outside Source


06/09/2017

Ros Atkins with an innovative take on the latest global stories.


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The Category 5 storm has already passed across the Leeward Island

:00:10.:00:18.

and the eye of the storm is now over Puerto Rico.

:00:19.:00:24.

Myanmar's de facto leader - Aung San Suu Kyi -

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has spoken for the first time about the mass exodus of Rohingya

:00:27.:00:29.

Two former Brazilian presidents have been charged with forming a criminal

:00:30.:00:37.

organisation to divert funds from the country's

:00:38.:00:39.

Russian President Vladimir Putin has called for diplomacy to resolve

:00:40.:00:45.

tensions with North Korea - saying that sanctions and pressure

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Every day Outside Source features BBC journalists working

:00:51.:00:56.

Two former presidents in Brazil have been formally charged with forming

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a criminal organisation that filtered hundreds of millions

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of dollars in bribes from the state-owned oil firm

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Brazil's top prosecutor said Luis Inacio Lula da Silva

:01:27.:01:33.

and Dilma Rousseff along with fellow Workers Party members had committed

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a series of crimes - the latest accusations in Brazil's

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The ex-Presidents deny the accusations.

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The charges against them point to almost half a billion dollars

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in bribery from public bodies via the criminal front allegedly set

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The lead prosecutor earlier this year told CBS

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that the overall corruption scandal was "bigger than Watergate".

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He said that so far more than "200 people had already been charged

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with hundreds of crimes" and the total amount

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of money paid in bribes, as far as they can tell so far,

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Tell us what Dilma and Lula barbecue stuff, exactly. The former

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presidents have been accused with racketeering, plotting to scheme

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funds from Brazil's oil company and they have been accused along with

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six other members, former ministers and senators from the Workers Party,

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of committing a series of crimes using a number of public entities,

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including Petrobras and some of Brazil's banks to actually sent

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money for themselves and for the election campaigns of their own

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candidates. The prosecutor has said that they have been committing

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crimes from 2002 until 2016, which is the amount of time they served as

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presidents of Brazil and they deserve -- denied the charges, they

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say these charges are baseless and at the Attorney General has not

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shown any proof of his alleged crimes. Former President Lula was

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planning to run again next year. Will he still be able to? Lula faces

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four other charges and he has been condemned by one judge in one of

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them but he can still run for President because in Brazil a

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politician has to be considered guilty by more than one judge which

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means after going through a second level of the Appeals Court in order

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to be forbidden to run and Lula has been campaigning, he has just

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finished that were in the north-east and even prevented from running, he

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said his presence will be felt in the election. He is very popular.

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Thank you very much. Analysts studying satellite images

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from North Korea's nuclear testing site have identified multiple

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landslides resulting from last The tests were carried out

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at the Punggye-ri test site in the north of the country,

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with the underground blast causing But these images - published

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by the respected 38 North website - show small landslides of the sides

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of hills in the surrounding area. Tensions remain high as leaders

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from the region met at an economic summit in the eastern Russian city

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of Vladivostok. The positions of Russia and South

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Korea are said to have moved closer after the Russian President that his

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South Korean counterpart amid fears that North Korea is planning further

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tests and possibly a long-range missile launch. Vladimir Putin made

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his position very clear. TRANSLATION: Of course, during the

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talks considerable attention was made to the affairs on the Korean

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peninsula and we discussed the sharp aggravation of the situation,

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starting because of the new nuclear test and we confirmed our position

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that we do not recognise the nuclear status of North Korea. Pyongyang's

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nuclear programme grossly violates the Security Council resolution, it

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undermines the nonproliferation regime and poses a security threat

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to north-east Asia. For more on this I spoke

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with Olga Ivshina from BBC Russian. The negotiations were quite warm and

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it was interesting South Korea suggested an oil embargo and after

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the press conference, represented as a South Korea underlined that flood

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Putin refused but then his spokesperson said that Russia is

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supplying a tiny amount of North Korean oil and it makes no sense to

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put in the embargo but Esther Putin insists that sanctions do not work

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and it is counter-productive to corner North Korea and this echoes

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his position on sanctions against Russia because he says that

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sanctions generally do not work. Here they condemn nuclear tests made

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by North Korea but they realise diplomacy is the only way out. How

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concerned is Russia but these tests considering they share a border? The

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border is relatively short, under 40 kilometres and all of that is pricey

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or rivers by people living in the far east of Russia, where this

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meeting took place, felt a tremor following recent tests in North

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Korea so people are concerned and Russian officials had to issue

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statements concerning Russian security, there are missile shield

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is working and is no threat and no radiation was coming Russia.

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Overall, Russia tries to use this as another diplomatic instrument, to

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show it can be a broker in these negotiations and this is important

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for Putin, he tries to show himself as a very influential player on the

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international arena and he uses North Korea as another card in this

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huge gamble to try to find his place and negotiate other issues,

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including Syria and Ukraine. Through this crisis, very much in the

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Russian mind is their relationship with the United States? Absolutely,

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Mr Putin ties the North Korean question with other questions, they

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underline that they are ready to put pressure on North Korea but in

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exchange, South Korea and the United States must stop escalating the

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military presence on the border and shop -- stop military exercises so

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Putin tries to tie all of this together. Thank you.

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Let's begin with tennis because the US Open is reaching

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Tulsen Tollett is at the BBC Sport Centre.

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Rafael Nadal and Roger Federer were on court today

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A win for each could mean they set up their first ever

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They could and Rafa Nadal has cruised through, a straight sets

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victory. Dropping just five games in 96 minutes on the Arthur Ashe

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Stadium so he will be fresh for that semifinal. There was a chance

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Federer could return to world number one if Rafa Nadal lost but the

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Spaniard was ruthless, but high that everyone wants is still on the cards

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but it could be a first ever meeting between Rafa Nadal and Roger Federer

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at this particular Grand Slam, and considering they have been around

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for such a long time that beggars belief. With the women we could have

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an all-American semifinal? Yes. Looking all the way back 36 years

:09:33.:09:39.

ago when the eventual champion, Tracy Austin, Martina Navratilova

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and Barbara Potter made it through. Here we have Sloane Stephens and

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Venus Williams. And the oldest ever semifinalist at 37, Coco Vandersay,

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making it three in the semifinals, knocking out the world number one,

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discover. Madison Keys also qualified. The world number 15 has

:10:06.:10:15.

been struggling and this means with discover Loctite, Garbine Muguruza,

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not died earlier, will become the women's world number one when the

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rankings are released next week. Thank you very much.

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Let's chat about the Boston Red Sox now -

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They've been caught out using an Apple Watch to cheat.

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In short, they were using the watch to alert the batter as to what kind

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Let's speak to Gabe Lacques now, the baseball editor

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Welcome. It is slightly more constipated than that. Explain what

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happened. Just a little background, this has gone on from within a in

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baseball through legal fashions and illegal. It is not against the rules

:11:10.:11:14.

to steal signs and pass them to the batter, you just cannot use any

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outside means to help your cause. And what the Red Sox were doing was

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using camera angles available to them in the clubhouse, thanks to the

:11:26.:11:33.

instant replay setup, and relaying the pitch selection to the trainer

:11:34.:11:38.

in the dugout, equipped with the Apple Watch, he was getting messages

:11:39.:11:42.

on his watch from the clubhouse telling him what pitch was coming at

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Hebert Passat to another player in the dugout who would relay that to

:11:47.:11:51.

be run on second base who then would relay that to the batter. It sounds

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like a lot of activity for a couple of seconds between pitches but

:11:59.:12:01.

clearly the Red Sox had this down to a pretty finely tuned craft. And the

:12:02.:12:09.

header would have an idea of what pitch was coming, which typically

:12:10.:12:12.

helps in their ability to head the ball. It sounds amazingly, located.

:12:13.:12:18.

You would normally use a sign that your hand to alert what kind of

:12:19.:12:25.

pitch was coming? Exactly. Usually the runner on second base or the

:12:26.:12:29.

base coach might provide the information but typically you would

:12:30.:12:35.

look in from second base and give a nod to the left for the fastball or

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to the right for the curveball and that has generally been accepted

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practice, if you're not savvy enough to protect your signs you deserve

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what is coming to you. That was the conventional wisdom. But when you

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bring in binoculars, telescopes or any number of things and nowadays it

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is the Apple Watch, that is frowned upon and against the rules of Major

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league baseball. What is likely to come out of this? Will they be

:13:07.:13:12.

punished? What is the reaction? The expectation is probably a fine from

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Major league baseball and the public reprimand. It is not an accident

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this became public. They wanted the team is on alert that this is not

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cool, you need to do this the tried and true way. Expect a fine and a

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public reprimand and I do not think they will be punished at the draft

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pick or docked any victories. That is a bridge too far. But expect a

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public show of touching from Major league baseball and around of around

:13:43.:13:50.

100,000 dollars. Thank you for your time. They should use of the

:13:51.:14:03.

colourful language used by a Spanish Premier League President. Talking

:14:04.:14:07.

about the record transfer of Neymar from Paris Saint-Germain to

:14:08.:14:12.

Barcelona. His very strong view is the French club breached financial

:14:13.:14:15.

fair play rows. This is he described it. We have caught them, peeing in

:14:16.:14:26.

the swimming pool, Neymar peeing from the diving board, we cannot

:14:27.:14:30.

accept this. That has provoked quite a strong reaction.

:14:31.:14:32.

Stay with us on Outside Source - still to come.

:14:33.:14:35.

Egypt's government denies allegations of abuse in a new report

:14:36.:14:37.

Jennifer Lawrence was the highest paid actress in the world last year.

:14:38.:14:46.

She's made her name and her fortune playing gritty roles

:14:47.:14:50.

and her new part in the dark, psychological thriller "Mother"

:14:51.:14:52.

Our Arts Editor, Will Gompertz, has been to meet the 27-year-old

:14:53.:14:58.

Oscar winner ahead of the film's UK premiere.

:14:59.:15:00.

Jennifer Lawrence is the eponymous mother,

:15:01.:15:07.

house proud and devoted to her husband.

:15:08.:15:10.

A much older literary man played by Javier Bardem.

:15:11.:15:14.

Their domestic bliss turns into a living nightmare

:15:15.:15:19.

in a metaphor-rich, effects-laden horror movie which the critics

:15:20.:15:23.

are slamming and lauding in equal measure.

:15:24.:15:28.

There will be no "meh" with anybody who sees the movie.

:15:29.:15:33.

It's not enjoyable while you are watching it.

:15:34.:15:35.

If I was writing a review while I was watching it,

:15:36.:15:42.

I would be like, "Agh - don't go!"

:15:43.:15:45.

If you sit with it a little bit and give yourself 30-45

:15:46.:15:48.

minutes when you get home, sit with it, then you realise

:15:49.:15:51.

He's a stranger, we're just gone to let him sleep in our house?

:15:52.:15:56.

What's great about it is everyone will walk away with something that

:15:57.:16:07.

For me, it was what would happen if we treated our planet

:16:08.:16:14.

Pulling out of the Paris climate deal was not a good step.

:16:15.:16:22.

What about gender in Hollywood, something

:16:23.:16:38.

Do you think it's still deeply unfair, the game

:16:39.:16:43.

I think there's still a lot of unfairness.

:16:44.:16:50.

The gap is very slowly closing, but there is still work to be done.

:16:51.:16:56.

Did you make sure, for instance, that you got paid the same amount,

:16:57.:16:59.

or even more than Javier Bardem on this movie?

:17:00.:17:02.

I didn't, I didn't look at what Javier was getting.

:17:03.:17:05.

I just knew what I deserved and I fought for that.

:17:06.:17:08.

And if you found out he was being paid more?

:17:09.:17:11.

This is Outside Source live from the BBC Newsroom.

:17:12.:17:23.

The Category 5 storm is currently over Puerto Rico and heading

:17:24.:17:31.

The Egyptian President Abdul Fattah al-Sisi has given a "green light"

:17:32.:17:39.

to security forces to routinely torture political detainees -

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that's according to a new report by Human Rights Watch.

:17:43.:17:45.

Grim details in the report came from interviews

:17:46.:17:47.

Human Rights Watch said it amounted to "an assembly line of abuse aimed

:17:48.:17:54.

at preparing fabricated cases against suspected dissidents".

:17:55.:17:58.

Many details are too graphic for us to share but among torture methods

:17:59.:18:01.

were "stress positions to inflict severe pain, rape, electrocution,

:18:02.:18:03.

The government has denied the allegations.

:18:04.:18:10.

For more on this I've been speaking to our Middle East

:18:11.:18:12.

It is shocking, not surprising that for decades this abuse has been

:18:13.:18:26.

going on in Egypt, one of the main motivations of the 20 11th uprising.

:18:27.:18:32.

Hosni Mubarak try to end this culture of abuse so the dispiriting

:18:33.:18:36.

thing for Egyptians involved in the protests and we felt emboldened and

:18:37.:18:41.

perhaps felt that fear of torture was not going to keep them indoors,

:18:42.:18:46.

they went on the streets but under the President it has returned. He

:18:47.:18:52.

has an emergency law in place after a range of terror attacks, very

:18:53.:18:56.

similar to the case under President Mubarak. There was a law that allows

:18:57.:19:04.

this time of abuse to go on. And the public, who tired of the huge unrest

:19:05.:19:10.

following 2011, having made a big fuss about this but the people who

:19:11.:19:13.

have suffered by the dissidents and members of the Muslim Brotherhood,

:19:14.:19:17.

journalists, other members of the opposition. This testimony came from

:19:18.:19:24.

20 former detainees and the Egyptian government has basically said this

:19:25.:19:29.

is not true. The Egyptian government, in the Constitution

:19:30.:19:32.

there are rules about torture and it is outlawed but in the past, when

:19:33.:19:36.

the President was questioned about this he said torture does not take

:19:37.:19:41.

place in prison but that is a get out, be tortured documented is in

:19:42.:19:49.

police stations and in buildings of the security services. You are

:19:50.:19:51.

talking about somebody being picked up outside their house at dawn or

:19:52.:19:57.

were they work and this process of trying to elicit confessions starts

:19:58.:20:02.

and it is very organised. It has been in place for years and years in

:20:03.:20:07.

Egypt, it has not changed, even the style of torture has not changed.

:20:08.:20:10.

There is one particularly high-profile case of an Italian PhD

:20:11.:20:18.

student who was found dead in 2013? Yes, but that did was shine the

:20:19.:20:22.

international Spotlight on this abuse but there has been nobody

:20:23.:20:25.

brought to justice over that, another sign of the impunity but

:20:26.:20:31.

Egyptians live with. These people who were interviewed by human rights

:20:32.:20:35.

Watch, all of them said that after the process was over, they did not

:20:36.:20:39.

pursue it because they felt there was no point. This is a government

:20:40.:20:46.

with international support. Yes, just like with President Mubarak and

:20:47.:20:50.

many of the strong men in the Arab world because they kept a lid on

:20:51.:20:54.

what the international community believed was likely a worse

:20:55.:20:58.

situation. With the all the unrest in Egypt, there is a feeling that

:20:59.:21:01.

President Sisi has restored only surfaced a kind of stability so

:21:02.:21:07.

people keep quiet about it and other countries keep quiet. And we in

:21:08.:21:12.

Britain and other countries supply a great deal of funding to the

:21:13.:21:16.

military in Egypt and don't ask the questions that maybe need to be

:21:17.:21:18.

asked. Sebastian Usher. The complex fighting

:21:19.:21:23.

in Afghanistan has a new front in the northern regions -

:21:24.:21:25.

the Islamic State group IS, the Taliban and government

:21:26.:21:27.

forces are battling And the violence is taking its toll

:21:28.:21:30.

on thousands of civilians. BBC Uzbek's Firuz Rahimi has gained

:21:31.:21:33.

access to the remote district These are rare pictures from one

:21:34.:21:36.

of the most dangerous The government and the Taliban

:21:37.:21:43.

have been fighting each But now militants from so-called

:21:44.:21:46.

Islamic State have entered the fray. In recent months they have captured

:21:47.:21:54.

large parts of Darzab district. Thousands of people have been

:21:55.:21:58.

displaced by the fighting. It is too risky to go

:21:59.:22:02.

to the front line, and this This place just outside the town

:22:03.:22:05.

is home to nearly 90% of people who have fled Darzab

:22:06.:22:11.

and left everything behind. One room can shelter

:22:12.:22:15.

two to three families. Humaria and her sister-in-law

:22:16.:22:18.

are among them. Her husband was one

:22:19.:22:26.

of the local leaders fighting TRANSLATION: My husband

:22:27.:22:30.

was ambushed by IS. They poured petrol over his body

:22:31.:22:38.

and set him on fire. TRANSLATION: When IS came

:22:39.:22:45.

to our house, they set it on fire. We ran away with our children

:22:46.:22:49.

until we arrived to a place And adding to the volatile mix

:22:50.:22:54.

here are powerful local warlords Shir Mohammed's militia are fighting

:22:55.:23:01.

both the Taliban and IS. He lost a hand in the fighting

:23:02.:23:13.

and almost lost his life. TRANSLATION: In just three months

:23:14.:23:16.

we lost more than 60 Our commanders asked for help

:23:17.:23:19.

from the government. We asked them to send helicopters

:23:20.:23:25.

to evacuate our injured people. Most officials have fled Darzab,

:23:26.:23:30.

including the governor. TRANSLATION: There is no functional

:23:31.:23:39.

government in Darzab. The only safe access

:23:40.:23:41.

to the district now is by air. ISIS and Taliban have checkpoints

:23:42.:23:48.

in about 50 different locations. The road leading to Darzab used

:23:49.:23:54.

to be packed with cars taking Now IS and the Taliban control key

:23:55.:23:58.

parts, and no one travels The grim reality of Darzab

:23:59.:24:05.

extends beyond its borders. If IS militants seize

:24:06.:24:13.

all of the district, they will also control access

:24:14.:24:16.

to three key northern provinces, and more people could pay the price

:24:17.:24:19.

of this increasingly complex war. We started with Hurricane Irma,

:24:20.:24:37.

battering the Caribbean, a Category 5 storm and one of his strongest in

:24:38.:24:42.

the Atlantic. An update on one following close behind. An update

:24:43.:24:47.

from the National Hurricane Centre saying that another tropical storm,

:24:48.:24:56.

Jose, is also heading for the Caribbean. Harvey, Burma and now

:24:57.:25:01.

Jose. We will keep you posted. Keep watching Outside Source.

:25:02.:25:10.

Sometimes on weather there are moments to take your breath away,

:25:11.:25:17.

they came a plenty with Hurricane Harvey in Texas and again with

:25:18.:25:22.

Hurricane Irma in the Caribbean. This is breathtaking. This is

:25:23.:25:23.