06/09/2017 Outside Source

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Ros Atkins with an innovative take on the latest global stories.

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The Category 5 storm has already passed across the Leeward Island


and the eye of the storm is now over Puerto Rico.


Myanmar's de facto leader - Aung San Suu Kyi -


has spoken for the first time about the mass exodus of Rohingya


Two former Brazilian presidents have been charged with forming a criminal


organisation to divert funds from the country's


Russian President Vladimir Putin has called for diplomacy to resolve


tensions with North Korea - saying that sanctions and pressure


Every day Outside Source features BBC journalists working


Two former presidents in Brazil have been formally charged with forming


a criminal organisation that filtered hundreds of millions


of dollars in bribes from the state-owned oil firm


Brazil's top prosecutor said Luis Inacio Lula da Silva


and Dilma Rousseff along with fellow Workers Party members had committed


a series of crimes - the latest accusations in Brazil's


The ex-Presidents deny the accusations.


The charges against them point to almost half a billion dollars


in bribery from public bodies via the criminal front allegedly set


The lead prosecutor earlier this year told CBS


that the overall corruption scandal was "bigger than Watergate".


He said that so far more than "200 people had already been charged


with hundreds of crimes" and the total amount


of money paid in bribes, as far as they can tell so far,


Tell us what Dilma and Lula barbecue stuff, exactly. The former


presidents have been accused with racketeering, plotting to scheme


funds from Brazil's oil company and they have been accused along with


six other members, former ministers and senators from the Workers Party,


of committing a series of crimes using a number of public entities,


including Petrobras and some of Brazil's banks to actually sent


money for themselves and for the election campaigns of their own


candidates. The prosecutor has said that they have been committing


crimes from 2002 until 2016, which is the amount of time they served as


presidents of Brazil and they deserve -- denied the charges, they


say these charges are baseless and at the Attorney General has not


shown any proof of his alleged crimes. Former President Lula was


planning to run again next year. Will he still be able to? Lula faces


four other charges and he has been condemned by one judge in one of


them but he can still run for President because in Brazil a


politician has to be considered guilty by more than one judge which


means after going through a second level of the Appeals Court in order


to be forbidden to run and Lula has been campaigning, he has just


finished that were in the north-east and even prevented from running, he


said his presence will be felt in the election. He is very popular.


Thank you very much. Analysts studying satellite images


from North Korea's nuclear testing site have identified multiple


landslides resulting from last The tests were carried out


at the Punggye-ri test site in the north of the country,


with the underground blast causing But these images - published


by the respected 38 North website - show small landslides of the sides


of hills in the surrounding area. Tensions remain high as leaders


from the region met at an economic summit in the eastern Russian city


of Vladivostok. The positions of Russia and South


Korea are said to have moved closer after the Russian President that his


South Korean counterpart amid fears that North Korea is planning further


tests and possibly a long-range missile launch. Vladimir Putin made


his position very clear. TRANSLATION: Of course, during the


talks considerable attention was made to the affairs on the Korean


peninsula and we discussed the sharp aggravation of the situation,


starting because of the new nuclear test and we confirmed our position


that we do not recognise the nuclear status of North Korea. Pyongyang's


nuclear programme grossly violates the Security Council resolution, it


undermines the nonproliferation regime and poses a security threat


to north-east Asia. For more on this I spoke


with Olga Ivshina from BBC Russian. The negotiations were quite warm and


it was interesting South Korea suggested an oil embargo and after


the press conference, represented as a South Korea underlined that flood


Putin refused but then his spokesperson said that Russia is


supplying a tiny amount of North Korean oil and it makes no sense to


put in the embargo but Esther Putin insists that sanctions do not work


and it is counter-productive to corner North Korea and this echoes


his position on sanctions against Russia because he says that


sanctions generally do not work. Here they condemn nuclear tests made


by North Korea but they realise diplomacy is the only way out. How


concerned is Russia but these tests considering they share a border? The


border is relatively short, under 40 kilometres and all of that is pricey


or rivers by people living in the far east of Russia, where this


meeting took place, felt a tremor following recent tests in North


Korea so people are concerned and Russian officials had to issue


statements concerning Russian security, there are missile shield


is working and is no threat and no radiation was coming Russia.


Overall, Russia tries to use this as another diplomatic instrument, to


show it can be a broker in these negotiations and this is important


for Putin, he tries to show himself as a very influential player on the


international arena and he uses North Korea as another card in this


huge gamble to try to find his place and negotiate other issues,


including Syria and Ukraine. Through this crisis, very much in the


Russian mind is their relationship with the United States? Absolutely,


Mr Putin ties the North Korean question with other questions, they


underline that they are ready to put pressure on North Korea but in


exchange, South Korea and the United States must stop escalating the


military presence on the border and shop -- stop military exercises so


Putin tries to tie all of this together. Thank you.


Let's begin with tennis because the US Open is reaching


Tulsen Tollett is at the BBC Sport Centre.


Rafael Nadal and Roger Federer were on court today


A win for each could mean they set up their first ever


They could and Rafa Nadal has cruised through, a straight sets


victory. Dropping just five games in 96 minutes on the Arthur Ashe


Stadium so he will be fresh for that semifinal. There was a chance


Federer could return to world number one if Rafa Nadal lost but the


Spaniard was ruthless, but high that everyone wants is still on the cards


but it could be a first ever meeting between Rafa Nadal and Roger Federer


at this particular Grand Slam, and considering they have been around


for such a long time that beggars belief. With the women we could have


an all-American semifinal? Yes. Looking all the way back 36 years


ago when the eventual champion, Tracy Austin, Martina Navratilova


and Barbara Potter made it through. Here we have Sloane Stephens and


Venus Williams. And the oldest ever semifinalist at 37, Coco Vandersay,


making it three in the semifinals, knocking out the world number one,


discover. Madison Keys also qualified. The world number 15 has


been struggling and this means with discover Loctite, Garbine Muguruza,


not died earlier, will become the women's world number one when the


rankings are released next week. Thank you very much.


Let's chat about the Boston Red Sox now -


They've been caught out using an Apple Watch to cheat.


In short, they were using the watch to alert the batter as to what kind


Let's speak to Gabe Lacques now, the baseball editor


Welcome. It is slightly more constipated than that. Explain what


happened. Just a little background, this has gone on from within a in


baseball through legal fashions and illegal. It is not against the rules


to steal signs and pass them to the batter, you just cannot use any


outside means to help your cause. And what the Red Sox were doing was


using camera angles available to them in the clubhouse, thanks to the


instant replay setup, and relaying the pitch selection to the trainer


in the dugout, equipped with the Apple Watch, he was getting messages


on his watch from the clubhouse telling him what pitch was coming at


Hebert Passat to another player in the dugout who would relay that to


be run on second base who then would relay that to the batter. It sounds


like a lot of activity for a couple of seconds between pitches but


clearly the Red Sox had this down to a pretty finely tuned craft. And the


header would have an idea of what pitch was coming, which typically


helps in their ability to head the ball. It sounds amazingly, located.


You would normally use a sign that your hand to alert what kind of


pitch was coming? Exactly. Usually the runner on second base or the


base coach might provide the information but typically you would


look in from second base and give a nod to the left for the fastball or


to the right for the curveball and that has generally been accepted


practice, if you're not savvy enough to protect your signs you deserve


what is coming to you. That was the conventional wisdom. But when you


bring in binoculars, telescopes or any number of things and nowadays it


is the Apple Watch, that is frowned upon and against the rules of Major


league baseball. What is likely to come out of this? Will they be


punished? What is the reaction? The expectation is probably a fine from


Major league baseball and the public reprimand. It is not an accident


this became public. They wanted the team is on alert that this is not


cool, you need to do this the tried and true way. Expect a fine and a


public reprimand and I do not think they will be punished at the draft


pick or docked any victories. That is a bridge too far. But expect a


public show of touching from Major league baseball and around of around


100,000 dollars. Thank you for your time. They should use of the


colourful language used by a Spanish Premier League President. Talking


about the record transfer of Neymar from Paris Saint-Germain to


Barcelona. His very strong view is the French club breached financial


fair play rows. This is he described it. We have caught them, peeing in


the swimming pool, Neymar peeing from the diving board, we cannot


accept this. That has provoked quite a strong reaction.


Stay with us on Outside Source - still to come.


Egypt's government denies allegations of abuse in a new report


Jennifer Lawrence was the highest paid actress in the world last year.


She's made her name and her fortune playing gritty roles


and her new part in the dark, psychological thriller "Mother"


Our Arts Editor, Will Gompertz, has been to meet the 27-year-old


Oscar winner ahead of the film's UK premiere.


Jennifer Lawrence is the eponymous mother,


house proud and devoted to her husband.


A much older literary man played by Javier Bardem.


Their domestic bliss turns into a living nightmare


in a metaphor-rich, effects-laden horror movie which the critics


are slamming and lauding in equal measure.


There will be no "meh" with anybody who sees the movie.


It's not enjoyable while you are watching it.


If I was writing a review while I was watching it,


I would be like, "Agh - don't go!"


If you sit with it a little bit and give yourself 30-45


minutes when you get home, sit with it, then you realise


He's a stranger, we're just gone to let him sleep in our house?


What's great about it is everyone will walk away with something that


For me, it was what would happen if we treated our planet


Pulling out of the Paris climate deal was not a good step.


What about gender in Hollywood, something


Do you think it's still deeply unfair, the game


I think there's still a lot of unfairness.


The gap is very slowly closing, but there is still work to be done.


Did you make sure, for instance, that you got paid the same amount,


or even more than Javier Bardem on this movie?


I didn't, I didn't look at what Javier was getting.


I just knew what I deserved and I fought for that.


And if you found out he was being paid more?


This is Outside Source live from the BBC Newsroom.


The Category 5 storm is currently over Puerto Rico and heading


The Egyptian President Abdul Fattah al-Sisi has given a "green light"


to security forces to routinely torture political detainees -


that's according to a new report by Human Rights Watch.


Grim details in the report came from interviews


Human Rights Watch said it amounted to "an assembly line of abuse aimed


at preparing fabricated cases against suspected dissidents".


Many details are too graphic for us to share but among torture methods


were "stress positions to inflict severe pain, rape, electrocution,


The government has denied the allegations.


For more on this I've been speaking to our Middle East


It is shocking, not surprising that for decades this abuse has been


going on in Egypt, one of the main motivations of the 20 11th uprising.


Hosni Mubarak try to end this culture of abuse so the dispiriting


thing for Egyptians involved in the protests and we felt emboldened and


perhaps felt that fear of torture was not going to keep them indoors,


they went on the streets but under the President it has returned. He


has an emergency law in place after a range of terror attacks, very


similar to the case under President Mubarak. There was a law that allows


this time of abuse to go on. And the public, who tired of the huge unrest


following 2011, having made a big fuss about this but the people who


have suffered by the dissidents and members of the Muslim Brotherhood,


journalists, other members of the opposition. This testimony came from


20 former detainees and the Egyptian government has basically said this


is not true. The Egyptian government, in the Constitution


there are rules about torture and it is outlawed but in the past, when


the President was questioned about this he said torture does not take


place in prison but that is a get out, be tortured documented is in


police stations and in buildings of the security services. You are


talking about somebody being picked up outside their house at dawn or


were they work and this process of trying to elicit confessions starts


and it is very organised. It has been in place for years and years in


Egypt, it has not changed, even the style of torture has not changed.


There is one particularly high-profile case of an Italian PhD


student who was found dead in 2013? Yes, but that did was shine the


international Spotlight on this abuse but there has been nobody


brought to justice over that, another sign of the impunity but


Egyptians live with. These people who were interviewed by human rights


Watch, all of them said that after the process was over, they did not


pursue it because they felt there was no point. This is a government


with international support. Yes, just like with President Mubarak and


many of the strong men in the Arab world because they kept a lid on


what the international community believed was likely a worse


situation. With the all the unrest in Egypt, there is a feeling that


President Sisi has restored only surfaced a kind of stability so


people keep quiet about it and other countries keep quiet. And we in


Britain and other countries supply a great deal of funding to the


military in Egypt and don't ask the questions that maybe need to be


asked. Sebastian Usher. The complex fighting


in Afghanistan has a new front in the northern regions -


the Islamic State group IS, the Taliban and government


forces are battling And the violence is taking its toll


on thousands of civilians. BBC Uzbek's Firuz Rahimi has gained


access to the remote district These are rare pictures from one


of the most dangerous The government and the Taliban


have been fighting each But now militants from so-called


Islamic State have entered the fray. In recent months they have captured


large parts of Darzab district. Thousands of people have been


displaced by the fighting. It is too risky to go


to the front line, and this This place just outside the town


is home to nearly 90% of people who have fled Darzab


and left everything behind. One room can shelter


two to three families. Humaria and her sister-in-law


are among them. Her husband was one


of the local leaders fighting TRANSLATION: My husband


was ambushed by IS. They poured petrol over his body


and set him on fire. TRANSLATION: When IS came


to our house, they set it on fire. We ran away with our children


until we arrived to a place And adding to the volatile mix


here are powerful local warlords Shir Mohammed's militia are fighting


both the Taliban and IS. He lost a hand in the fighting


and almost lost his life. TRANSLATION: In just three months


we lost more than 60 Our commanders asked for help


from the government. We asked them to send helicopters


to evacuate our injured people. Most officials have fled Darzab,


including the governor. TRANSLATION: There is no functional


government in Darzab. The only safe access


to the district now is by air. ISIS and Taliban have checkpoints


in about 50 different locations. The road leading to Darzab used


to be packed with cars taking Now IS and the Taliban control key


parts, and no one travels The grim reality of Darzab


extends beyond its borders. If IS militants seize


all of the district, they will also control access


to three key northern provinces, and more people could pay the price


of this increasingly complex war. We started with Hurricane Irma,


battering the Caribbean, a Category 5 storm and one of his strongest in


the Atlantic. An update on one following close behind. An update


from the National Hurricane Centre saying that another tropical storm,


Jose, is also heading for the Caribbean. Harvey, Burma and now


Jose. We will keep you posted. Keep watching Outside Source.


Sometimes on weather there are moments to take your breath away,


they came a plenty with Hurricane Harvey in Texas and again with


Hurricane Irma in the Caribbean. This is breathtaking. This is