24/01/2017 Reporting Scotland


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The Supreme Court says Holyrood can't have


a say on the beginning of the Brexit process -


Nicola Sturgeon says that raises fundamental issues


We'll be looking at whether that means a second independence


Also on the programme: A target is set for half of Scotland's


energy needs to be met by renewables by 2030.


The unexpected Commonwealth Games legacy - a drop in the number


of children taking part in physical activity.


And we meet the woman who's joined the ranks of Captain Scott


and Shackleton with a major award for polar exploration.


The First Minister says fundamental issues about Scotland's future have


been raised by the Supreme Court's ruling that Holyrood doesn't need


The court found that MPs should have a say


on triggering Article 50 - but ministers weren't legally


compelled to seek approval from the devolved administrations.


In a moment, we'll ask whether this ruling takes us closer to a second


But first, let's go to Westminster where our correspondent


Nick Eardley has been following the day's events.


This was a landmark case. It went to the heart of the


relationship between different parts of the UK. What the UK Government


can do, what they need the backing of the Parliament behind me to do


and what legal while Scotland plays within that. Tonight, that is all a


bit clearer. Time to find out who has the power


to fire the starting gun on Brexit. This morning, all eyes were on the


Supreme Court as it delivered a landmark ruling on the legal basis


for triggering article 50. By a majority of 8-3, the Supreme Court


rules that the government cannot trigger Article 50 without an act of


Parliament authorising it to do so. On the devolution issues, the court


unanimously rules that UK ministers are not legally compelled to consult


the devolved legislatures before triggering article 50. This case was


never about whether Brexit happens, but how. Now that the judges have


delivered their verdict, this returns to the political realm. The


Prime Minister set out last week a path towards the hardest of hard


Brexits. I don't believe a majority for that in the House of Commons


exists, or majority for that across for that in the House of Commons


the country. So this is an opportunity for the House of Commons


to assert itself and to have a say not just on the narrow question, but


on the broader terms of negotiation as well. The Scottish parliament


will still vote on article 50. Political pressure still matters.


But legally, it will be in Westminster that ministers have to


win. The government had been preparing the legislation in the


expectation that it would lose at the Supreme Court. That was


announced within hours of the judgment. We will within days


introduce legislation to give the government legal power to trigger


article 50 and begin the formal process of withdrawal. But other


parties won't make that simple. The SNP wants unanimous agreement from


devolved governments. Without that, it will vote against article 50.


Scotland's Labour MP says he is prepared to vote against the


government too, but the Labour leader said his party will...


Support article 50 being triggered. We have made that clear. That is the


result of the referendum, and we have respect that. It doesn't mean


we abdicate the field. It means we hold the government to account on


the issues of trade, rights and issues of the long term direction in


which this country wants to go. His support means the Commons will


almost certainly back starting the process, but with the Lib Dems


likely to vote against too, that could mean just one of Scotland's


MPs backs triggering article 50. Whatever the legalities, we want to


work with the Scottish Government because I believe the people of


Scotland want the two governments to work together and get on with


ensuring that we can negotiate with the 27 other countries for the best


possible deal for leaving the EU. The UK Government now hopes it can


get approval to start the process, and quickly. The legal questions of


Article 50 are over. It is back to politics.


And that politics continues this week. It is expected on Thursday


that the government will publish the legislation it hopes will allow it


to trigger Article 50. It then hopes it can get that through the House of


Commons within a fortnight. But as we have heard, there will be


amendments. He SNP alone say they could table up to 50. Labour and the


SNP agree that the UK Government needs to provide more detail. And


whatever happens in the building behind me, the tensions between the


Scottish Government and the UK Government over Brexit show no signs


of abating. We are still at the start of the process of finding out


what the ramifications of the Brexit about our, and what the future


holds. The First Minister has repeatedly


warned that a second independence Andrew Black has been


trying to find out. Just before the last Holyrood


election, Nicola Sturgeon revealed what it might take to call a second


independence referendum. I don't know, perhaps if the Tories wanted


to drag us out of the European Union against our will, for example. And


after most of Scotland voted to stay in the EU, the First Minister said


this. I think an independence referendum is now highly likely. Ms


Sturgeon then said that staying in the single market would remove the


short-term prospect of Indy ref two. I have said that if we can find a


way of protecting Scotland's economic interests and protecting


our democratic interests within the UK, I am up for trying to do that.


And taking independence of the table? In terms of the timescale for


Brexit, that is what I have been clear about. When the PM ruled it


out, the FM hit back. Does it make a second independence referendum all


but inevitable? I think that is very likely. So why like it and not


definitely? The SNP never wanted a referendum under these circumstances


because of Scotland becomes independent in Europe, the rest of


the UK is outside Europe. You have got a single market, the hard


boundary between England and Scotland, which we would not have


had last time. So they wanted a referendum with both countries being


inside the EU. That is why they are hesitant, and the polls are showing


support for dependents where it was in 2014. -- support for


support for dependents where it was independence. So what about today? I


have made it clear that that option is still very much on the table and


with every day that passes, it is becoming clearer that Scotland's


voice is not able to be heard within becoming clearer that Scotland's


the UK on this question. Nicola Sturgeon says she will never give up


on independence in the long term. The question of when we might get


another referendum remains unanswered.


Our political editor Brian Taylor is at Holyrood for us this evening.


Why doesn't Nicola Sturgeon call indyref two now?


Because she fears she might lose, as I have said a number of times.


Nicola Sturgeon doesn't want to hold a referendum, she wants to win one,


and these are not particularly propitious circumstances, nor the


time of her choosing. So if you were to hold a referendum, and I think


she will, they have to prepare the ground beforehand. She wants to do


several things. Firstly, she is genuinely seeking in discussions


with the UK Government to get concessions towards Scotland's


interests as she sees them. Secondly, she wants to prolong those


discussions to enable the grand to be laid. Thirdly, if there is to be


a referendum, she wants to be able to say to the British people, or the


Scottish people, I did everything in my power to try and strike a deal


within the ambit of the UK and it proved impossible. In other words,


she wants to set the grounding for that referendum if and when it


occurs. How long can she hold off? Is there a time limit? There is not


a strict time limit. Again, this is not the time she would have chosen


had things been other than they are, but as a popular beat combo reminded


us, you can't always get what you want. I think she will try and


follow a timetable if there is to be a referendum that parallels Brexit


to some extent. She will want the nature of Brexit to be beginning to


emerge from those discussions, the shape of Brexit to be beginning to


emerge from the Stygian gloom. She will then be ready to contrast that


and counterbalance that with offer of independence. At that point, if


there is to be a referendum, it points to 2018. A number of MPs on


the SNP 's side have said that they think Autumn 2018 is likely because


by then, you get the beginnings of the picture of what Brexit will look


like, but it is not too late, perhaps, for an alternative offer to


be put to the Scottish people whereby perhaps they can stay within


the European Union. If you ask me, do today's events bring a referendum


closer? The answer is yes. Now, how to keep Scotland's lights


on as our energy demands increase. Today the Scottish Government


published its vision for the transition away from oil


and gas dependency towards an emphasis on renewable sources,


and its most ambitious target yet. But a return to coal


could be on the cards. Our environment correspondent


Keven Keane reports. of an era as Scotland's last


coal-fired power station was finally shut down. That's it, done and


dusted. But now this and other locations could be reborn from the


ashes as ministers propose repowering some infrastructure.


Montana is due for demolition, but is the location which is of value,


right in the middle of a power line network. If carbon capture can be


revived, ministers are not ruling out burning coal again. When it


comes to carbon capture and storage, we make are lit in Scotland, but we


have enough resource with the technology we have today to meet our


carbon emissions within this timescale. Many of today's


announcements were in last week's Kaymer plan, but a new target was


set, creating half of our energy needs from renewables by the end of


the decade. It is ambitious and it will be challenging, but the


modelling we have done suggests that we are in the right ballpark between


44% and 50%. With the initiatives we put in our climate change plan, we


believe we can achieve that. The target is a tough one, not least


because of a drive to rely more on electricity for our heating and to


power our cars, so the demand is expected to rise. And there is still


no intention to extend the lives of our nuclear power stations at


Torness Hunterston, which some think is a mistake. It is not a strategy.


This could have been written on the back of a beer mat. It is not going


to tackle the issue of where our industry in Scotland gets its energy


from. It is not going to tackle how we keep the lights on and the


Scottish Government admit we have a problem with how we produce


electricity. It is not going to with fuel poverty. In the 1970s, this was


the future, and would change our lives. Ministers are to explore


replacing the natural gas in our pipes with hydrogen, but that's a


long way into the future. An Aberdeenshire restaurant manager


who killed a chef in a row over a takeaway order has been jailed


for 32 months. Hidayet Ozden repeatedly


punched Shahzad Shah at the Mirchi Indian takeaway


in Mintlaw in April last year. Ozden was charged with murder, but


later admitted culpable homicide. Detectives are investigating


an armed robbery in Two G4S staff were threatened


by three armed men at around 10pm last night as they made a delivery


to RBS on Sauchiehall Street. The thieves, who were wearing


balaclavas, escaped in a white car Remember the Glasgow


Commonwealth Games? A festival of sport


which it was hoped would entertain and leave a legacy inspiring


a generation of Scots to become more Recent figures show a 4% drop


in the physical activity of children since the event in 2014,


and MSPs want to know why. As Glasgow shone in 2014, organisers


promise to not just a two-week sporting party, but a lasting


legacy. That included a commitment to getting kids more active. But


recent figures have shown a decline. Today MSPs wanted answers. In


2014-2015, it has gone down for boys 2.5%, girls 5.5% and all children


3.9%. If that evidence of a system that is working? We never said it


was finished. We are building a system. It doesn't happen overnight.


The bottom line is, we have put 12 years of investment into schools and


that has shown progress. The Commonwealth Games was a fantastic


event. It had a real economic impact. But did it have a sporting


legacy? That is what we want to get to the bottom of. Today's session


certainly questions that. Sportscotland insists that activity


levels fluctuate and they went on to say:


in the East End of Glasgow, evidence of increased participation. Scottish


rugby have been working with schools to bring competition. They say that


is the key. Going back to your younger days, if you were getting a


game, you would be interested. And if you are interested in the game,


you will turn up for training. If there is no game, you don't do


anything. There was always going to be a focus on physical activity,


especially amongst kids, following Glasgow 2014. Now, with figures


showing a decline and despite positive examples like this one, the


message from government to those running sport appears to be, up your


game. The public transport watchdog,


Transport Focus, says there's been a big fall in customer satisfaction


with train services in Scotland although levels remain higher


than the UK as a whole. The comments come as ScotRail


continues to face pressure over late More than 1,300 passengers


were interviewed towards the end of last year as part


of a UK-wide survey. 90% of people who attended Accident


Emergency departments this week were seen within four hours,


according to the latest That is a slight improvement


on the first week of 2017, but still below the Government's


target to see, then admit, transfer or discharge 95%


of patients within four hours. You're watching BBC


Reporting Scotland. The Supreme Court says Holyrood can


have no say on the beginning Nicola Sturgeon says that


raises fundamental issues Engineers building the new


Queensferry Crossing say there are no guarantees the bridge


will open in May, but that A team of Scottish scientists has


discovered a way to diagnose The technique could help millions


of patients annually and save vast amounts of money


to health services globally. Morag Kinniburgh report contains


pictures of a cataract operation. Lindsey Scott was born with


cataracts. She lost the sight in one eye, her other Catterick is being


monitored. When I read I have to move my house. It's difficult a lot


of the time. I'm limited what I see in the distance. I can't see what


number of bus is coming. Small-print has to be magnified for me.


Day-to-day life is generally quite difficult. Cataracts is the main


cause of blindness around the world. The cloudiness can be removed by


surgery after the cataract appears. That beam goes back through here


through our newly invented... Now Scottish scientists can tell if


someone is likely to develop a cataract before it appears. This


method, we can look at the spectrum of the light that comes back and


pick it up even before you can see it visibly, which is the way in


which present cataracts are diagnosed. The team identified


molecules in the eye which occurred during the formation of cataracts.


Early detection and detailed monitoring allow for better medical


intervention. It's difficult for the surgeons to know precisely when a


patient needs the surgery. If we can help what we would put the patients


into certain groups which allows the surgeons to operate on the patients


when they need the surgery, it will greatly reduce the number of


procedures required. This progress could have a significant impact on


the treatment of cataract patients globally. One in six hospital


appointments are for sight problems. We have an ageing population so


sight problems will be problem and the rocketing rates of diabetes


which can make people more prone to cataracts on one or both eyes. We


welcome this news. This is not a cure for cataracts yet, but they


believe it's a significant step forward, helping to save sight and


reduce healthcare costs. Engineers building the new


Queensferry Crossing say there are no guarantees the bridge


will open in May, but that It had been due to start


carrying traffic last month, but bad weather delayed construction


and while the structure is almost complete, those leading


the project are stressing there is still lots


of work to be done. Our reporter, Steven Godden,


is at the bridge for us tonight. Piece by piece the bridge behind me


has taken shape. To untrained eye it might appear as if it's almost


there. Yesterday, we saw the second might appear as if it's almost


last section of deck lifted up and slotted into place which means there


is now a gap of just a few meters left to be filled. Today, as we were


given an update from engineers on the project, they were keen to


stress there is still a lot of work to be done. That getting that work


done, in time for traffic to be on the bridge by the end of May, will,


to some degree, depend on the weather. Just one more heave from


the giant blue crane to join Edinburgh and Fife via the Queen's


Ferry Crossing. For engineers it's an achievement to be savioured on


the move. Once the deck section is complete they need to ut with aer


proof and lay 100,000 square meters of road surface on top of that, 10


pairs of these giant cables still need to be fixed in place. The


longest measuring 450 meters. The biggest challenge remains the


unpredictable Scottish weather. The reason plans to open the bridge last


month had to be delayed. We become more susceptible to rain and low


temperatures for the waterproofing and road surfacing. There are


challenges with the weather. We are ready for them. The recent closure


of its nearest neighbour brought fresh attention on the measures


designed to guard against the elements and a revised opening date


in May. Building this bridge has been a challenge since day one. It


will continue to be a challenge. I can't guarantee that it will be


finished by the end of May. I can guarantee that there will be no


effort left unspent in order to get this bridge finished at the earliest


opportunity. Today is a good illustration of the challenges.


Where I'm standing on the shore it's fairly calm. On the exposed sections


of the bridge, on the tower, too windy to do any work. At the weekend


the problem was fog. As the engineers will tell you, getting the


work down will depend on their skill, hard work and depend on them


having a little bit of luck. Thank you very much.


The running of the Sullom Voe oil terminal in Shetland will be taken


over by oil firm EnQuest after BP agreed a deal to sell


BP has also announced it's selling a 25% in the Magnus oil platform,


the UK's most northerly oil field, to EnQuest.


It's expected around 340 BP staff across both facilities will transfer


to EnQuest before the end of the year.


A scientist from the Cairngorms has joined the ranks of Captain Scott


and Ernest Shackleton and has received the prestigious


Myrtle Simpson is getting the medal from the Queen for outstanding


achievement and service in the field of polar research.


It's also something of a family tradition, Myrtle's husband received


When you have your anorak hood over your face, you really could have


been completely alone. From the highlands to the high Arctic,


85-year-old Myrtle Simpson flicks through the pages of an


extraordinary life as a polar explorer. She became the first ever


female to ski across Greenland in 1960, only one other group had made


it before her. An expedition to the North Pole five years later was the


biggest test to her team. We were lying in the tent and we heard this


enormous crack noise. We knew that the ice was breaking under us. So


you don't city there thinking - heavens, we are going to die. You


leap to your feet. Throw everything into your sleeping bag and rush out


of the tent, taking the tent down with you and move. The might of the


northern ocean under the ice is just incredible. You are aware of this...


There is something else sharing this world with you. You weren't always


going to get on top of it. Myrtle's husband, Hugh was awarded the polar


medal. The Simpson's are the only second married couple toll receive


the accolade, who she dedicated to her children who she included on


trips to Greenland. I thought it was safe to take them, we knew the


hazards. We knew where the bears where. Am you have to do your


homework. Most remote communities loved to see a family arriving.


Myrtle who is a legend in Scottish skiing and mountaineering circles


hopes her achievements will inspire others who are drawn to the world's


wild places. You don't have to be a great explorer, as I hope I show, if


you want a bit of an adventure, it's just there. It's just waiting. The


pensioner does have one hurdle to clear - her visit to Buckingham


Palace to collect her medal may clash with her competing in a ski


race she says she won't miss. Sir David Attenborough,


met Inti the Armadillo He posed with the hard-shelled


creature to recreate a famous The veteran broadcaster


is in the capital to collect a donation for the charity Fauna


and Flora International, which works to conserve


wildlife around the world. Lovely wee thing. Now the weather


from Judith. Thank you very much. We did see sunshine today, sunshine in


Leith sent in by our weather watcher. It will be dry tonight,


drizzle to the higher ground of southern Scotland and the southern


Highlands. Elsewhere holding on to dry conditions. Breezy with strong


winds to the West Coast, gale force over the western isles lows of seven


or eight Celsius. We will draw our air in from the Atlantic.


South-westerly wind bringing more cloud. As we head through the day


the winds will shift to the south. Winds touching gale force over the


Western Isles. We should see sunshine by the afternoon towards


Ayrshire and Galloway. Inland it will stay breezy. The northern Isles


will see brighter sunny spells. Cloudier skies generally in the


east. Something brighter for East Lothian and the eastern borders.


Those temperatures maintaining mild conditions here as well. Into the


evening. We see the rain moving to the north and dry with actually


clearing skies across southern Scotland. If you look at the


pressure chart, we can see why. We start to see the wind backing into


the south-east during the course of Wednesday night into Thursday. It


will draw colder air from the near continent. They had a cold winter so


far. Thursday a different day, colder, windy as well. That biting


wind taking the edge off things. Across the north, good sunny spells


and generally a brighter day with the wind mixing things up. Milder


towards the north-west. That's your forecast. Some sunshine, at last


perhaps! Thank you very much Judith. forecast. Some sunshine, at last


That's Reporting Scotland. I'll be back with the headlines


at 8.00pm and the late bulletin just Until then, from everyone


on the team - right


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