24/08/2016 The Papers


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Hello and welcome to our look ahead to what the the papers will be


With me are journalist and broadcaster Aasmah Mir


and the New York Times reporter Dan Bilefsky.


Tomorrow's front pages: The front page of the Metro shows


the devastation caused by the earthquake in central


Italy, in which 120 people have been killed.


The Times leads with the same story too, saying Italy's most historic


The Guardian looks at a report by a think tank, which suggests


the NHS would collapse without its 57-thousand workers


The Telegraph reports on Government plans of permits for low-skilled


EU migrants to work in the UK after Brexit.


The FT says the US has warned the European Commission that it


will consider retaliating if Brussels demands


billions of dollars in underpaid taxes from Apple.


The Express leads with a warning that toxic smog is set to sweep


The Mail splashes with a call for a ban on microbeads in cosmetics


and toiletries due to the damage they can cause to sea life.


The Metro, devastation, one of the areas hit by the massive earthquake


overnight. Two buildings, maybe three still standing in the middle


of all of that? I think the picture is phenomenal, really. It gives you


the absolute birds eye view of what has happened here. We are talking


about entire villages, very remote, most of them on top of hills, some


with populations of as few as 700 people, being pretty much wiped out


in terms of buildings. At this point, the death toll stands at 159.


It may, unfortunately, rise. This gives you an idea of the fact that


in a small village, a small town like Amatrice, every person and


every building is affected. You can see the rescue workers, people


sifting through, in vain, almost, because it is such a picture of


devastation, as the Metro rightly says. Questions clearly will be


asked. At some point in the future, now is not the right time, questions


about how stable some of the buildings were. So many of them seem


to have just collapsed like a pack of cards. We are talking a very old


part of the country, in terms of architecture, lots the buildings are


medieval. They are not going to be constructed in the kind of materials


that deal with this. I covered the L'Aquila earthquake in 2009, a


similar area, not far from here. Very fragile, medieval buildings. An


earthquake, I think you know about this as well, done, it was a shallow


earthquake? The Mayor of Amatrice said that the town is not there any


more. Because it was shallow, it was only six miles below the surface.


They are more devastating than deep earthquakes because of the Dai


Greene of the vibrations. It just hit massively, because of that.


That's because of the intensity of the vibrations. 14th century


buildings, even buildings from 100 or 50 years ago are not earthquake


proof and they have not been retrofitted since. Especially when


you consider that it was 6.2 magnitude, last year, Nepal, that


was 7.8, and 700 people were killed. It was quite lower, but it still


created such devastation. It's interesting when you say retrofit,


it is possible to do that? It is, but it is very expensive. Questions


will be asked, it is an area of incredible seismic activity. It is


probably one of the worst areas for it in Western Europe, this


particular part of Italy. The devastation, wiping out whole


villages, areas. The picture on the front page of the Daily Telegraph


was of a nun, on her cellphone. The convent she was in was destroyed?


This photograph has been compared to Dante 's Inferno, a very moving


tableau of a nun, caked in blood, on her cellphone. Apparently there were


several nuns from the convent, pulled out of the rubble by a man


that saved their lives. Had it not been for a matter of minutes, they


would have perished. There you see her, possibly minutes afterwards,


trying to talk to somebody, looking absolutely devastated. It is


incredible what has happened. The rescue operation is still going on.


As Aasmah was saying, 150 killed, but many are still trapped? With


this type of tragedy, teams came from all over Italy, a six-man team


came from the Vatican as well, to try their best to help. We have seen


this time and time again. It is a horrible story, a horrible aftermath


that we see played out on TV news screens. There is very little hope


that people will be found alive, but you do hope that there will be those


stories, those small stories of hope, where somebody is discovered


perhaps a couple of days down the line. There will be one, there will


be two. But not many. No, it is interesting covering the Nepal


earthquake just over a year ago, you have all of these rescue teams


getting in and they are trying to save lives. They know they will


probably only save one or two, but that justifies, in their eyes, and


drives them. Then they sadly be hundreds of people under the rubble,


but if they can get one person how to live, and that could well happen


over the next two or three days... And as we have seen covering


earthquakes, the social fabric of a country like Italy, where family is


so strong, it will hopefully help save the depression that can come


after such an experience. In this case, entire towns have been


demolished. It will be difficult. Staying with the Telegraph, internet


giants passing the buck on terror? This is a story in which MPs are


warning that Facebook, Twitter, Google and other social medias are


deliberately failing to stop terrorists from using the websites


to promote their beliefs. This is interesting, having investigated


terrorism, many law enforcement people will tell you that in today's


age of Twitter, millennial jihadists use Facebook, Twitter and other


social media to describe in real time what they are doing, how they


are becoming radicalised, where they are going to go. It has been a real


asset for law enforcement to track these people. There are many people


that would disagree with MPs, allowing them to have Facebook and


Twitter be transparent, providing footprints which allows police and


counterterrorism... At the same time, it helps them spread their


message. It may provide a footprint that authorities can use, but they


display their message at the same time? They are preaching hate filled


messages and they are reaching a young and vulnerable audience, you


could argue. I think what the MPs arguing, and this is the chairman of


the home affairs select committee, saying that these big companies do


not seem to be keen to take down or delete messages, profiles, as


quickly as, for example, during the Olympics, a lot of people were


saying they did not take down Anjem Choudary's profile on social media,


but they were very quick, when there were copyright issues of somebody


putting up a video of anything to do with the Olympics, it would be


deleted pretty much straightaway. I think that there is a bit of a


disconnect between the two. Obviously people will see one as


being much more dangerous than the other. I'm not sure why they would


not act. MPs are saying that they were damaging their brand. It


doesn't necessarily make sense to me. It is money, isn't it? If you


start impairing somebody's right to say something... Where do you draw


the line? A lot of people would say you should draw the line with


Islamic State, but that line seems to be in the wrong place for a lot


of technology companies, compared to the general population, it seems? I


think within the general population, they would like more control. To


counter what I was saying earlier, I was amazed when I was investigating


the terrorists involved in the Brussels and Paris bombing, a lot of


them had open Facebook profiles, you could see them posing with an AK-47.


That is worrying, for sure. Brussels, tax demand on Apple, Dan?


Well, this is a long, ongoing battle between Washington and Brussels


overregulation. We had the case of Google, Microsoft, they came in the


cross hairs of the European Commission. Now we have the United


States, chastising the European Commission for clamping down on


Apple over tax, alleged tax evasion. This is an ongoing battle we have


seen, where the Americans feel that European regulators are unfairly


targeting US companies and applying and their demands. K. Well, what is


likely to happen if this is done by Brussels? What are the Americans


threatening to do? They can apply geopolitical pressure and take


revenge by starting to regulate European companies operating in the


United States, with greater force. The European model has always been


more consumer centric, the American model is always, to some extent,


more business centric. A clash of ideology? It good job we are not in


it any more, isn't it? That is one way of putting it! This is all


nonsense, because it is Bake Off! It is back. Tears after the Jaffa


disaster? Is I didn't say it, I was busy revising for The Papers. They


tried to recreate Jaffa Cakes, a bit of a divider, a bit like Marmite.


The thing about this programme, it is on BBC One, who knows how many


millions of viewers, and everything is so ramped up. To populist? It is,


it used to be cool on BBC Two. It is so ramped up that you have people in


the first episode crying, throwing things in the bin. They said the


cake was moist, everybody was giggling. That is British humour,


you are not quite used to it. The last British Bake Off final, it had


huge attention in the United States. Nadia became a dramatic of identity


politics, Islamic integration, I got hate mail from readers of the New


York Times that were unhappy that I said that she had won. I spoiled it


by saying that she won. Well, quite right! I would have been angry! It


has a global following. So, if this went back onto BBC Two, maybe BBC 4,


radio 4? Thanks for checking out the papers.


Don't forget all the front pages are online on the BBC News website


where you can read a detailed review of the papers - bbc.co.uk/papers -


and you can see us there too, with each night's edition


of The Papers being posted on the page shortly


Thank you Aasmah Mir and Dan Bilefsky.


The heat and humidity of recent days is triggering some thunderstorms. It


was a hot one, to say the least, the hottest day of the year so far


across the south-east. Much more


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