19/01/2017 Victoria Derbyshire


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This morning Theresa May will tell business and political leaders


at the World Economic Forum meeting in the Swiss resort of Davos


It's the Prime Minister's first Brexit speech since she said


on Tuesday that Britain could not possibly stay in the single


Also, are the British press biased against Muslims?


Last month nine articles about Muslims in UK news


outlets were corrected after they were proven to be wrong,


We've been speaking exclusively to the activist waging a war


on the false reporting which he says breeds division across the country.


The Sunday Times article stated in its headline enclaves of Islam and


the UK is 75% Muslim, and it is about to report on integration


across the country. But what the report actually said was one school


had students who thought that the majority of the country were Asian.


Asian rather than Muslim? This year's secondary school league


tables are out shortly, and for the first time,


a new measure is being Attainment 8 assesses each


student's achievement across eight GCSE subjects,


while Progress 8 measures how they progress


through secondary school. The Government's aim is to focus


on pupils' development rather than just exam results,


but will it be any better? Welcome to the programme,


we're live until 11 this morning. Also, has clean eating


become a dirty word? Tonight a BBC programme calls


into question the advice of healthy eating gurus who have been telling


us to eat clean - eating food in its most natural state


and avoiding anything processed. We will be speaking to the Cambridge


scientist taking on the gurus Have you tried clean


eating - are you a fan? Do get in touch on that


and all the stories we're talking about this morning -


use the hashtag #Victorialive and If you text,


you will be charged at the standard Several people have been


killed after a hotel Up to 30 guests and staff


were in the Rigo-piano Hotel on San Grasso mountain


in the central Abruzzo region. The avalanche was triggered


by a series of powerful earthquakes Rescuers are having to ski


to the hotel as roads Let's speak to Andrea


Vogt, a freelance Andrea, what are you hearing about


this? There is a very complex rescue operation under way. As you


mentioned, the first rescuers arrived on skis, and all of the


emergency vehicles have not been able to get through to the site.


There are believed to be up to 30 people, seven staff, and the rest


were guest at the hotel when the earthquake and then the avalanche


hit, so right now several people have been airlifted out with


hypothermia. There were below freezing temperatures during the


night, and the hotel was covered with snow and debris, part of it did


collapse, so very difficult conditions to survive in, and there


are fears that many may have perished after this earthquake


triggered an avalanche. It has just been hammered. Tell us more about


the area. Is it a popular area, a busy area with skiers? No, it is


quite isolated, it is a long the Gran Sasso mountain. Some of these


people may be the people who were displaced by the original


earthquake. One of the first things the rescuers will try to do is to


get to the guest list, but it is a very remote area, mountainous and


remote and difficult to get in. You may be familiar with Amatrice where


the earthquakes hit last August, that church tower collapsed


yesterday, so what we are seeing is many of these buildings that were


made on stable by the first earthquakes are now collapsing


further, so lots of things, many hamlets have not been reached, but


rescuers are focused right now on this hotel that was completely


covered with debris and snow, about four metres of snow on site. Andrea,


thank you very much indeed far dating us. We will keep you updated


with the latest on that. But now let's catch up with the latest news


with Annita in the newsroom. Thank you very much.


Theresa May will tell world leaders in Davos this morning that the UK


It's her first visit to the World Economic Forum as Prime Minister.


Many in the audience will be hostile to her plan to take Britain out


Let's speak to Tanya Beckett in Davos.


Good morning. We heard Theresa May's Brexit speech on Tuesday. Will her


message be slightly different today for this audience? Yes, so she is


talking to a group of people who live and breathe capitalism and


trade, so she has to really set her store as being one which is open for


business. Yes, Britain might be leaving the European Union, however,


it is very much interested in doing deals elsewhere, and in order for


this to work well, for Brexit to work well, that needs to be very


much part of the deal, so she is going to be wanting to talk to banks


who have already said that if Britain is coming out of the single


market, they need to set up subsidiaries, and people have been


long thinking this is the case, with what remains of the EU. She is also


going to want to trade ministers from other countries -- talk to


trade ministers from other countries to do business as soon as they can,


and businesses will welcome what she had to say because it offers them


some degree of certainty, and they like that. Any other snippets that


she could offer in terms of what sort of deal she might do with the


EU would also be welcome. They have to make some practical decisions.


Then she will have to face representatives from other EU


countries, and that might be more tricky. Tanya Beckett in Davos,


thank you for that. We'll bring you that speech live


to you in the next few minutes. This is the scene, the podium where


she will make that speech, and we are expecting that to happen just a


few minutes after half past nine. We will bring that to you live.


There are reports of troops from Senegal entering


Gambia, as the political crisis there escalates.


The defeated President Yayha Jammeh has ignored a midnight deadline


to give way to the winner of last month's election, Adama Barrow.


West African military forces have been preparing to move in to enforce


1,000 British holiday-makers have returned home from Gambia


with the Foreign Office advising against all but essential


Scientists are working to deal with three diseases


they fear could become global health emergencies.


A group of charities and governments is spending more


than 370 million pounds to tackle Middle East Respiratory Syndrome,


A girl who was kidnapped as a baby 18 years ago


has defended the woman who took her from


Lexis Manigo was abducted by Gloria Williams, a woman


Miss Manigo has praised her upbringing by the woman


I understand what she did was wrong, but just look at my life itself, you


know? I understand that one mistake, but it wasn't all bad. Everything


that came out of it was not bad. It would be wrong if I would say, no, I


don't want to get to know them, you know, curiosity, I will get to know


them, of course. . A British man who travelled


to America from the UK to have sex with boys has been sentenced to 13


years in a US prison. 70-year-old Paul Charles Wilkins,


from Cambridgeshire flew to California in January 2016


and was caught in an Bomb disposal teams were called at


almost 600 schools after warnings of a potentially hazardous material


used in chemistry lessons. The army carried out hundreds of controlled


explosions between October and December last year.


Today is Barack Obama's final day in office as Donald Trump


prepares to be sworn in as the 45th US president.


Yesterday, the first lady Michelle Obama,


was captured doing a final lap of the White House, as pictures


In his last press conference as head of state, Mr Obama said he looked


forward to spending more time with his wife and his


Man, my daughters are something. And they just surprise and enchant


and... Impress me more and more every single day as they grow up.


President Obama. That's a summary of the latest BBC


News - more at 9.30. Thank you very much, Annita. Later


in the programme, we will be talking to the finish winner of the X Factor


who has signed a deal with Sony. Lots to come between now and 11,


including a discussion on clean eating. What do you think about


that? Has it changed the way you eat? Do you feel like you should eat


more clean as a result of all the bloggers out there talking about


that? Do get in touch with us


throughout the morning - use the hashtag Victoria live


and If you text, you will be charged Now let's get the sport with Hugh. A


shock at the Australian open? Good morning, Joanna.


A huge shock at the Australian Open in the last hour - defending


He was beaten in five sets by the wild card


and world number 117, Denis Istomin from Uzbekistan.


Istomin took the first set, but Djokovic won the next two.


But he never really looked comfortable.


Istomin then took the fourth in a tiebreak to level


the match, going on to win the deciding set 6-4.


It took 4 hours and 48 minutes, but Istomin


And surely the biggest winner here is Andy Murray,


who's looking to win his first title in Melbourne.


His biggest challenger already out in the second round.


A word on the Brits - Johanna Konta says she's looking


forward to staying in Melbourne for 'as long as possible' -


The British Number One eased to victory over Naomi Osaka


of Japan in straight sets - to reach the third round,


where she'll face former World Number 1 Caroline Wozniaki.


There was bad news though for Heather Watson, defeated


by American qualifier Jennifer Brady.


Kyle Edmund had high hopes, too, but went out in straight sets


No big shocks in last month was Mike FA Cup?


-- last night's FA Cup? No, Jurgen Klopp was mad Liverpool made it


through, but a tinge of regret for Plymouth. Jake Jervis hit the post


of Liverpool in the second half of the replay, however Jurgen Klopp's


men move onto phase Wolverhampton Wanderers at Anfield on the fourth


round. Newcastle and Southampton also went through after their wings


last night. And Manchester United top of one


leak this morning? Yes, better news off the field than


on it, they have become the richest club in football once again for the


first time in 11 years. They go ahead of the European champions rail


-- Real Madrid, third richest is Barcelona. Eight Premier League


clubs make the top 20 of the football money list, including


Leicester City for the first time. And England's cricketers hoping to


level their one-day series with India, they won the toss and have


chosen to bowl, and India are 74-3 after 17 of their 50 overs. Thank


you very much, Hugh. Theresa May is about to


speak to world leaders at the World Economic Forum in Davos


to reassure them that Britain is open for business post


Brexit, let's listen in. Theresa May is preparing for her


speech to world leaders in Davos. He said, you cannot have all the


advantages of being a member of the club if you are outside the club.


Theresa May said earlier in the week that no deal is better than a bad


deal, and the UK will not be a member of the single market going


forward. But she wants the message today to be an outward pitch to the


business leaders who will be there, the trade leaders, that Britain is


open for business, and wants new trade deals


as she looks ahead to global Britain, as she put it in her speech


on Brexit. We are expecting her to start to speak shortly on the


question of trade deals. For trade negotiations cannot begin until...


That is a picture of her earlier in the week with that catchline Global


Britain, but in terms of negotiating trade deals, formal negotiations


cannot begin until the UK is actually out of the European Union.


We are going to be speaking on the programme are little later to the


man widely tipped to be the next US ambassador to the EU, and he has


been speaking about the potential for a UK/ US trade deal which Donald


Trump himself raise just a few days ago, saying the formal negotiations


can't begin, but there is no reason why talks can't start, and he talks


potentially of a time frame of around 90 days to come up with some


sort of a deal, so it will be interesting to talk to him a little


bit later on the programme about that. We are still waiting for


Theresa May, so we will just move on, but we will go back as soon as


she starts to speak. President-elect Donald Trump takes


the oath of office tomorrow and it's thought about 900,000 people


are expected to gather in Washington But his supporters are


already on their way There will be a wreath laying


at Arlington National Cemetery with both Donald Trump and his


Vice President Mike Pence attending. So let's find out a bit more


about what's on the agenda The only thing we have to fear is


fear itself. Ask not what your country can do for you, ask what you


can do for your country. The inauguration is being boycotted


by some politicians, and in terms of the numbers going to the


inauguration, around 800,000 to 900,000 are expected to go, but that


compares with double the number actually when Barack Obama was


inaugurated. There has also been a lot made of the fact that various


performers were wanted for events who would not do it and we will be


speaking more about what is planned and what is anticipated on the eve


of Donald Trump's turning from ordinary citizen to the president.


We will be talking to the man who is widely tipped to be the United


States new ambassador to the EU. Theresa May has just arrived on


stage at Davos and so we will listen to her speech.


Thank you for the introduction and thank you for inviting me to speak


here at the World Economic Forum this morning. This is an


organisation that is, as it says in the very first line of your mission


statement, committed to improving the state of the world. Those of us


who meet here are all by instinct and outlook optimists who believe in


the power of public and private cooperation to make the world of


tomorrow better than the world of today. And we are all united in our


belief that that world will be built on the foundations of free trade,


partnership and globalisation. Yet beyond the confines of this hall,


those forces for good that we so often take for granted are being


called into question. The forces of liberalism, free trade and


globalisation that have had and continue to have such an


overwhelmingly positive impact on our world, that have harnessed


unprecedented levels of wealth and opportunity, that have lifted


millions out of poverty around the world, that have brought nations


closer together, broken down barriers and improved standards of


living and consumer choice, forces that underpins the rules -based


international system that is key to global prosperity and security, are


somehow at risk of being undermined. And as we meet here, this morning,


across Europe, parties of the far left and the far right are seeking


to exploit this opportunity. During support by feeding off an underlying


and keenly felt sense among some people, often those on modest to low


incomes, living in relatively rich countries around the West, that


these forces are not working for them. And those parties who embrace


the politics of division and despair, who offer easy answers, who


claim to understand people's problems and always know what and


who to blame, feed of something else as well. The sense among the public


that mainstream political and business leaders have failed to


comprehend there are legitimate concerns for too long. This morning,


I want to set out a manifesto for change, that responds to these


concerns, and shows that the politics of the mainstream can


deliver the change people need. I want to show how, by taking a new


approach, that harnesses the good of what works and what changes -- and


changes what does not we can maintain and can build support for


the rules -based international system. And I want to explain how,


as we do so, the United Kingdom, a country that has so often been at


the forefront of economic and social change, will step up to a new


leadership role as the strongest and most forceful advocate for business,


free markets and free trade anywhere in the world. For that is the unique


opportunity that Britain now has. I speak to you this morning as the


Prime Minister of a country that faces the future with confidence.


For a little over six months ago, millions of my fellow citizens upset


the odds by voting with determination and quiet resolve to


leave the European Union, and embrace the world. Let us not


underestimate the magnitude of that decision, it means Britain must face


up to a period of momentous change. We must go through a tough


negotiation and forge a new Rol for ourselves in the world full of it


means accepting that the road ahead will be uncertain at times, but


believing that it leads towards a brighter future for our country's


children and grandchildren, too. So while it would have been easy for


the British people to shy away from taking such a path, they fixed their


eyes on that brighter future, and chose a bold, ambitious course,


instead, they chose to build a truly global Britain. I know that this and


the other reasons Britain took such a decision is not always well


understood internationally, particularly among our friends and


allies in Europe. Some of our European partners feel that we have


turned our back on them, and I know many fear what our decision means


for the future of the US itself. But as I said in my speech earlier this


week, arid decision to leave the European Union was no rejection of


our friends in Europe with whom we share common interests and values


and so much else. -- our decision. It was no attempt to become more


distant from them, or to seize the corporation that has helped to keep


our continent secure and strong. Nor was it an attempt to undermine the


European Union itself. It remains overwhelmingly and compellingly in


Britain's national interest that the EU as an organisation should


succeed. It would simply restore as we see it Parliamentary democracy


and national self-determination. A vote to take control and make


decisions for ourselves. And crucially, to become even more


global and internationalist in action and in spirit as well.


Because that is who we are, as a nation. Britain's history and


culture is profoundly internationalist. We are a European


country, and proud of our shared European heritage. But we are also a


country that has always looked beyond Europe, into the wider world.


That is why we are among the most racially diverse countries in


Europe, one of the most multicultural members of the


European Union. And why, whether we are talking about India, Pakistan,


Bangladesh, America, Australia, Canada, New Zealand, countries in


Africa, Asia, or those closer to home in Europe, so many of us have


close friends and relatives from across the world. And it is why we


are by instinct a greater global trading nation that seeks to trade


with countries not just in Europe but beyond Europe as well. So at the


heart of the plan, I set out earlier this week, is a determination to


pursue a bold and ambitious free trade agreement between the UK and


the European Union. But more than that, we seek the freedom to strike


new trade deals with old friends and new allies, right around the world


as well. I am pleased we have already started discussions on


future trade ties with countries like Australia, New Zealand and


India. Countries including China, Brazil and the Gulf states have


already expressed their interest in striking trade deals with us. It is


about embracing genuine free trade, because that is the basis of our


prosperity. But also, the best way to cement the multilateral


partnerships and cooperation that helped to build a better world. For


the challenges we face, like terrorism, climate change and modern


slavery, don't stop at national borders. Nor do they stop at the


borders of continents. The challenges and opportunities before


us require us to look outwards in a spirit of cooperation and


partnership. That is why, as I said in my speech on Tuesday, I want the


UK to emerge from this period of change as a truly global Britain.


The best friend and neighbour to our European partners, but a country


that reaches beyond the borders of Europe, too, a country that gets out


into the world, to build relationships with old friends and


new allies alike. And that is exactly what we are going to do. We


are going to be a confident country, that is in control of its own


destiny once again. It is because of that that we will be in a position


to act in this global role. Because a country in control of its own


destiny is more, not less able, to play a full role in underpinning and


strengthening the multilateral rules -based system. A global Britain is


no less British because we are a hub for foreign investment, indeed, our


biggest manufacturer, Tata, is Indian, and you still cannot get


more British than a Jaguar, or a Land Rover. Britain is no less


British because it is home to people from around the world, in fact, we


derive so much of our strength from our diversity, we are a multiracial,


multiethnic, multi-faith democracy. We are proud of it. Britain is no


less British because we have led the way in multilateral organisations


like the UN, Nato, IMF and the World Bank over many years. Membership of


these bodies over the years magnifies all their members ability


to advance the common goods of peace, prosperity and security. I


believe strongly in a rules -based global order. The establishment of


the institutions that gave effect to it in the mid-20th century was a


crucial foundation for much of the growing peace and prosperity the


world has enjoyed. And the tragic history of the first


half of the last century reminds us of the cost of those institutions'


absence. The litany of follies of that time, the mistakes that we


should never forget and never repeat. So we must uphold the


institutions that enable the nations of the world to work together, and


we must continue to promote international corporation wherever


we can. One example of that is modern slavery. A scourge of our


world, which we can only defeat if we work together. Changing


attitudes, rooting out such abhorrent practices and prosecuting


the perpetrators. That is why at Davos this year I have convened a


high-level panel discussion to continue our co-ordinated effort to


save those many lives which are tragically being stolen.


International cooperation is vital, but we must never forget that our


first responsibility as governments is to serve the people, and it is my


firm belief that we as governments, international institutions, as Mrs


and individuals, need to do more to respond to the concerns of those who


feel that the modern world has left them behind. So in Britain, we have


embarked on an ambitious programme of economic and social reform that


aims to ensure that as we build this global Britain, we are able to take


people with us. A programme that aims to show how a strong Britain


abroad can be a better Britain at home. Because talk of greater


globalisation can make people fearful. For many, it means their


jobs being outsourced and wages undercut. It means having to sit


back as they watch their communities change around them, and in their


minds, it means watching as those who prosper seem to play by a


different set of rules while for many life remains a struggle as they


get by, but don't necessarily get on. And these tensions and


differences are increasingly exposed and exploited through the expansion


of new technologies and the growth of social media. But if we are to


make the case for free markets, free trade and globalisation, as we must,


those of us who believe in them must face up to and respond to the


concerns people have. And we must work together to shape new policies


and approaches that demonstrate their capacity to deliver for all of


the people in our respective countries. I believe this challenge


demands a new approach from government, and it requires a new


approach from business, too. The government, it means not just


stepping back and as the prevailing orthodoxy in many countries has


argued for so many years, not just getting out of the way, not just


leaving businesses to get on with the job and assuming the problems


will just fix themselves. It means stepping up to a new active role


that backs businesses and ensures more people in all corners of the


country share in the benefits of its success. And from business, it means


doing even more to spread those benefits to more people. It means


playing by the same rules as everyone else when it comes to tax


and behaviour. Because in the UK, trust in business runs at just 35%


among those in the lowest income brackets. And it means putting aside


short-term considerations and investing in people and communities


for the long-term. These are all things that I know the vast majority


of businesses do already, not just creating jobs, supporting smaller


businesses, training and developing people, but also by working to give


something back to communities, and supporting the next generation.


Businesses large and small are the back bone of our economies, and


enterprise is the engine of our prosperity. That is why Britain is


and will always be open for business, open to investment in our


companies, infrastructure, universities and entrepreneurs. Open


to those who wants to buy art goods and services, and open to talent and


opportunities from the arts to technology, finance to


manufacturing. But at the same time as promoting this openness, we must


heed the underlying feeling that there are some companies,


particularly those with a global reach, who are playing by a


different set of rules to ordinary working people. So it is essential


for business to demonstrate leadership, to show that in this


globalised world, everyone is playing by the same rules, and that


the benefits of economic success are there for all our citizens. This


work is absolutely crucial if we are to maintain public consent for a


globalised economy and the businesses that operate within it.


That is why I have talked a great deal about our country delivering


yet higher standards of corporate governance to help make the UK the


best place to invest of any major economy. That means several things.


It means businesses paying their fair share of tax, recognising their


obligations and duties to their employees and supply chains, and


trading in the right way. Companies genuinely investing in and becoming


part of the communities and nations in which they operate, and abiding


by the responsibilities that implies. And all of us taking steps


towards addressing executive pay and accountability to shareholders. And


that is why I welcome the World Economic Forum's compact for


responsive and responsible leadership that business leaders are


being asked to sign up to at this conference. It is this change,


setting clear rules for businesses to operate by while embracing the


liberalism and free trade that enable them to thrive, which will


allow us to conserve the ultimate good that is a globalised economy. I


have no doubt at all about the vital role business plays, not just in the


economic life of a nation, but in society, too. But to respond to that


sense of anxiety people feel, I believe we, business and government


working together, need to do even more to make the case. That is why


in Britain we are developing a new, modern, industrial strategy. The


term industrial strategy has fallen into something approaching disrepute


in recent years, but I believe such a strategy that addresses the


long-standing and structural weaknesses in our economy is


essential if we are to promote the benefits of free markets and free


trade as we wish. Our strategy is not about propping up failing


industries or picking winners, but creating the conditions where


winners can emerge and grow. It is about backing those winners all the


waiting courage than to invest in the long-term future of Britain, and


about delivering jobs and economic growth to every community and corner


of the country. We can't leave all of this to international market


forces alone, or just rely on an increase in overall prosperity.


Instead, we have to be practical and proactive. In other words, we have


to step up and take control to ensure that free trade and


globalisation work for everyone. At the same time, we have embarked on


an ambitious agenda of social reform that embraces the same principles.


Active, engaged government that steps up and works for everyone.


Because if you are someone who is just managing, just getting by, you


don't need a government that will get out of the way. You need an


active government that will step up and champion the things that matter


to you. Governments traditionally have been good at identifying, if


not always addressing, the problems and challenges faced by the least


advantage in our societies. However, the mission I have laid out for the


government I lead to make Britain a country that works for everyone goes


further. It is to build something that I have called the shared


society. One that doesn't just value our individual rights, but focuses


rather more on the responsibilities we have to one another. That


respects the bonds that people share, the bonds of family,


community, citizenship and strong institutions. And that recognises


the obligations we have as citizens, obligations that make our society


work. It is these bonds and obligations that make our society


strong and answer our basic human need for definition and identity.


And I am absolutely clear that it is the job of government to encourage


and nurture the Relay ships, networks and institutions that


provide that definition and to correct the injustice and unfairness


that divides us wherever it is found. Too often today, the


responsibilities we have to one another have been forgotten as the


cult of individualism has taken hold. And globalisation and the


democratisation of communications has encouraged people to look beyond


their own communities and immediate networks in the name of joining a


broader global community. To say this is not to argue against


globalisation, nor the benefits it rings. From modern travel and modern


media to new product in our shops and new opportunities for British


companies to export their goods to millions of customers all around the


world. But, just as we need to act to address the deeply felt sense of


economic inequality that has emerged in recent years, so we also need to


recognise the way in which more global and individualistic world can


sometimes loosen the ties that bind our society together, leaving some


people feeling locked out and left behind. I am determined to make sure


that centre ground mainstream politics correspondent to the


concerns people have today. I am determined to stand up for free


markets, free trade and globalisation, but also to show how


these forces can work for everyone. And to do so, I turn to the words of


the 18th-century force of Edmund Burke, who said: A state without the


means of some change is without the means of its own conservation. That


great Conservative principle, change in order to conserve, is more


important than ever in today's Plex geopolitical environment. And I feel


it is of huge relevance to those of us here in Davos this week. And it


is the principle that guides me as I leave Britain through this period of


change. As we build a new, bold, confident, global Britain and shape


a new era of globalisation that genuinely works for all. As we


harness the forces of globalisation, so that the system works for


everyone, and so maintain public support for that system for


generations to come. I want that to be the legacy of our time. To use


this moment to provide responsive, responsible leadership that will


bring the benefits of free trade to every corner of the world, that will


lift millions more out of poverty and towards prosperity, and that


will deliver security, prosperity and belonging for all of our people.


Thank you. APPLAUSE


Theresa May addressing the audience in Davos. Business leaders and trade


leaders among them, and the message that there has been a manifesto for


change, that she wants to put forward the politics of the


mainstream, she says can deliver the change people need. She says that


the UK will be stepping up to a new leadership role as the advocate for


free trade and global markets because the UK now has a unique


position, but she said it is in Britain's national interest that the


EU should succeed. Let's get some reaction to that speech.


We can go live to Norman Smith in Westminster now.


That combination of championing the UK's interests while trying not to


alienate partners in Europe? I thought it interesting, because we


knew that Theresa May was going to stress how Brexit would lead to a


more global, outward looking, confident Britain. What I didn't


expect was so much emphasis on the downside of globalisation and, if


you like, implicit criticism of many of those in her audience who are, if


you like, the international elite, saying in effect that too many


bosses of big companies with global reach were not playing by the rules,


were not paying their fair taxes, were not taking on board their


social responsibility, and were not spreading the benefits of growth and


wealth, and that is quite a tough message when you are talking about


people sitting there in front of you. And it matters, because she


needs those people to be on board for Brexit, bluntly because they


have in their hands thousands and thousands of jobs here in Britain,


they bring in billions of pounds of investment. These people matter, and


Theresa May needs them to be confident about Brexit. And she had


a fairly blunt message for them, which is you guys need to shake up


the way you operate. You can't carry on as before. Because this is what


she called cult of the individual and globalisation, people frankly


feel left behind it, it is weakening the bonds of communities. So it was


a fairly direct message to the international elite in front of her,


that they have got to change their ways. Thank you, Norman.


Almost one in 10 secondary schools are under-performing,


that's according to Government figures out in the last few minutes.


Statistics show that nearly 300 secondaries in England are falling


below a new Government target that measures pupils' progress


and achievement over eight GCSE subjects.


For the first time this year, schools have not been judged


on the proportion of pupils scoring at least five C grades at GCSE.


Instead, there is a new headline measure called "progress 8."


What exactly has changed? For many years, schools were judged on how


may people got five GCSEs, including Maths and English, at Grade A* to C.


Now, in England, there are two new measures: Progress eight and


Attainment eight. So what does this mean? Progress eight is how far a


child has progressed from the end of primary school to their GCSEs. It


shows whether a student has performed to expectation. And


Attainment eight is the results from a pupil's best eight GCSEs including


Maths and English So why is this happening now? It's argued that five


GCSEs was too narrow a measure to judge how well schools were doing.


So it's thought to be fairer to see a pupil's best achievement across a


broader spectrum of subjects. But not everybody is happy. Critics have


argued that the new system is too complicated for parents and children


to understand. Let's talk now to our education correspondent Gillian


Hargreaves. Before we talk more about the results just out, first of


all, is there much controversy over this system? Schools and head


teachers have long argued that a raw score of how well your pupils have


done in their GCSEs was not sophisticated enough, there is a


school and -- School in Stoke-on-Trent that was told that it


required improvement, it is not at the standard that the government


says it should be. This morning, on its website, it shows


that it's Progress eight score is+0.25 and that will show parents


that it is above average and the progress made from the age of 11 to


16 is above average, doing very well. That is the sort of example I


think of what we are now going to see, a more sophisticated tool. The


union state this is great but they say it should not be the only tool


with which parents judge a school, they need to look in the round at


the curriculum, whether it is the right place for their child. Might


be too soon for there to have been a wider evaluation for the new figures


to indicate whether there are many more schools like this, which have


shifted their place on the tables? 282 schools have not


met the minimum level. That is a lower number than last year, it


would be comparing apples and pears. Schools are getting better, but it


is a bit early yet to see which ones may have done well in the past and


are now plummeting. If you start with pupils who are getting good


attainment and then they get it, where does that get you? Schools, if


they have always had high colour calibre pupils in the past, what


they have not been doing is comparing themselves to other


schools with very able pupils. -- high calibre pupils. What progress


children make is being measured here, comparing children of similar


abilities across England. So, yes, if a school in the past has always


had very able pupils, it cannot rest on its laurels, because it will be


exposed by the new measure. Now we can speak with a month of four,


these kids will be affected by the new measures. -- mum of four. And


Alison Critchley, Chief Executive of RSA Academies which has seven


schools in the West Midland, who also has three daughters at


secondary school. You have the raft of schools and the authority, do you


know how Have any schools in your area


shifted position? Yes, as Gillian has described, addicted elite


schools that have served communities with people red children who have


come in struggling, the progress that the children make in those


schools is really recognised by this new measure, because it judges


progress made rather than purely results they get at the end. And


also, where schools are stretching the more able, that performance is


rewarded. It has definitely made a difference to where schools are


appearing on and acknowledging... Can you give us some specific


examples, has there been a dramatic shift? Yes, so, with one of our


schools, always around the average in terms of the proportion of


children getting five GCSEs at ATC grade, I have not checked on the


finalised version but it is now something like +0.4. Just above


average? -- A-C grade. If you were at +0.5 then it would mean that you


are getting one great above what you expect in four of your GCSEs, it is


about a grade in half of the GCSEs higher, it is a difficult message to


understand, that is the difficulty in explaining what zero point for


actually means. You have four children, do you understand it? I


have been given the low down by my eldest daughter, doing their GCSEs


this year, she will be in the first batch to do a harder exam, I kind of


understand where this is coming from and I understand the league table


ranking a little bit better than most parents. Yes, I think in a way


it is great, it allows better students to perform and show off


their academic capabilities. You have four... So you will be looking


at a new school for your child who is in year six, will this change the


way that you pick a school? To be honest, no, I look at the whole


thing, not just results, but the environment, the teachers, does it


look happy and school, and the curriculum itself. -- does the


school look happy. You think it is a good new system. Any potential


snags? Certainly an improvement on the five A-C measure because it


reflects progress, if you are trying to reduce everything a school does


down to one number, and rank them from top to bottom, there is no


measure that would show that. Making a decision about a school, you need


to visit. The other risk and potential downside about it is how


schools respond to the measure, awful lot of pressure on schools, on


heads, on governors, to get the best they can, and part of it is about


the GCSEs that children take. As well as having to do English and


maths, the children how to do three more subjects from the back


subjects, and so schools are being encouraged to put children in for


geography and sciences and modern foreign languages. -- eBacc. That


would suit lots of children, but for others, more vocational offers,


perhaps a better option, so look at the curriculum, so that you can get


them test Progress eight score. -- so you can get the best Progress


eight score. There is obviously a natural level of ability, how much


can that be affected, depending upon which school pupil goes to? It can


make a significant difference, the other risk of the measure, a lot of


schools are between +0.5 and -0.5 and there is a risk of over


interpreting what that might mean, it might be a set of subjects that


children have put in for, rather than the quality of the teaching.


You have a 14-year-old son at school doing GCSEs next year, have you had


a chance to check out where the school is now on the latest league


tables with this new criteria? Yes, I have, he's not taking the next


year, he has another few years before taking them, and so we have


at the talks, and we know exactly what is going on. How is the school


doing, has it changed its position on the league table? Not that I am


aware of, no. What you think about it, do you think it is a better


system? It is difficult to say. Less able, will not be able to take the


different levels because we have foundation levels, higher levels,


but soon, that is going to be taken away and all children will be doing


the same ability and the same tests. It is going to be harder for the


children that are struggling. What you think about that, will it make a


difference? Is potentially good, if schools respond by narrowing the


curriculum that they offer, I think the combination of the new measure


with the budget pressures that many schools are facing means they have


to look carefully at the range of options that they offer for 15 and


16-year-olds, if they only have a small group doing art, drama, a


vocational option, they may decide they are unable to offer that and


then children are pushed into a different set of options, which may


be less good for their ability. Less suitable. Thank you all very much.


If you want to check out how your school is doing, you can go on the


BBC news website and put in your postcode and the list of schools in


your area will come up. Let us know your thoughts.


Donald Trump is preparing to be sworn in as the 45th US president.


He has said he expects record crowds at his inauguration.


We will be hearing from a key member of his transition team,


the man tipped to be the new US ambassador to the EU,


Chilly start of the day across southern areas but not everywhere,


in Farnborough and Hampshire, -- in Hampshire, -6, now it is -3, in


Reading, -3 as well, and that is where we have some clear skies. Not


all of us have clear skies, this is quite a murky scene taken earlier in


Derbyshire, we have a weather front dangled across parts of the UK,


fairly weak but what it has been producing is a fair bit of cloud and


a little bit of drizzle and patchy rain. Looking to the north, clear


skies, -3, some sunshine. And also some sunshine across southern areas


and again, cold feel, but beautiful here, Fife. Through the morning,


hanging onto the sunshine, still cold at the moment, still some


little pockets of mist, particularly around Bristol, could be slow in


clearing, most of the mist and fog we have had has lifted, cloud


further north, into the afternoon, you can see in the south-west,


hanging onto the sunshine, we could import more cloud from the North Sea


through the afternoon, it will still be a beautiful day but a cold one,


six is the maximum in London. Moving north, damp note, fizzling through


the day, pushing further north, a lot of clout, in the north-east,


hanging onto the sunshine, a few showers at times. Cloudy start,


remaining cloudy, we could see some breaks in the hills, south Wales at


the moment, some sunshine, we should see some across West Wales,


generally, for Wales, cloudy picture. Through the evening and


overnight, it is going to be cold, some frost, some patchy mist and


fog, and the cloud breaking further north. Still broken across the


north-east, so it will be cold. For the rest of the UK, not anticipating


any problems with frost at all. Tomorrow, losing mist and fog,


sunshine across southern areas, extending into Wales. Still have a


weak front, still producing the odd spot of drizzle, or light rain, but


you can see how the cloud has eroded through the day. -- you can see how


the cloud has eroded. Tomorrow, a bit more of it across the northern


and western parts, and Northern Ireland, better chance tomorrow of


seeing more in the way of breaks. Temperature wise, coming down in the


north comic used to double figures, the king at eights and nines,


generally where we should be at this stage in January. -- coming down in


the North, used to double figures, looking at eights


Today's top story - many people are missing


after an avalanche buried a hotel used by skiers in central Italy.


There are believed to be up to 30 people, seven staff, and the rest


were guests on this hotel when the earthquake and then the avalanche


hit. We will bring you the latest from there in just a moment. Also,


Donald Trump comes President of the United States tomorrow. We speak to


the man tipped to be his ambassador to the EU about the challenges


ahead. And is there a dirty truth behind clean eating? Ahead of


tonight's BBC programme that questions the advice of healthy


eating gurus you tell us to eat clean and avoid processed food. We


meet the Cambridge scientist taking on the food fad advocates.


Let's catch up with all the news with Annita in the newsroom.


A series of powerful earthquakes hit and Treacher yesterday. The latest


we are seeing is from the head of Italy's civil protection department


praising the rescuers who he says struggled through the snow to reach


the hotel. Saying it was a very complicated operation reached by


courageous men who faced unbearable conditions.


Let's speak to Jiovanni Grezzi from the Agence


He's in the Amatrice region, about 50 kilometers from where


What is the latest you have on the fate of the people in the hotel? The


latest news we have other moment is that there should be a at least 20


dead, because people inside were trapped under the avalanche from


last night, and they have spent all night under snow, so everyone's via


is that there are at least 20 dead people. But somewhere I hearing have


been rescued from the hotel. There were two people who had gone outside


to their cars, so they were not stuck under the rubble from the


hotel, so one person, his family, children are trapped inside under


the avalanche. The situation is very difficult, we have one dead body,


but we fear the worst. Do people think that the earthquakes in the


region yesterday caused this avalanche? Of course, the reports


are that the earthquake, the earth moving, caused the avalanche,


because they were very strong here. It is not very far from the


epicentre of the earthquake, just out side Amatrice. Thank you very


much. Theresa May has told the World


Economic Forum that the UK will be open for business from Brexiteer


ready to embrace the world. It's her first visit


to Davos as Prime Minister. The Prime Minister also called


for businesses to do more to help those who feel "locked out and left


behind". It means Britain must go through a


tough negotiation and forge a new role for ourselves in the world. It


means accepting that the road ahead will be uncertain at times, but


believing that it leads towards a brighter future for our country's


children and grandchildren, too. Reports from Iran say a number of


firefighters have been killed after a fire caused a high building in the


capital Tehran to collapse. People are reported to be trapped under the


debris of the building which host a shopping centre. State TV showed the


moment when the building came down. There are reports of troops


from Senegal entering Gambia, as the political


crisis there escalates. The defeated President Yayha Jammeh


has ignored a midnight deadline to give way to the winner of last


month's election, Adama Barrow. West African military forces have


been preparing to move in to enforce 1,000 British holiday-makers have


returned home from Gambia with the Foreign Office advising


against all but essential And that's a summary of the news.


Thank you very much, Annita. Is the British press biased against


Muslims? One man believes that's the impression it gives, and has made it


his job to put it right. We have a special report on that. Now let's


catch up on the sport with you. A huge shock at the


Australian open this morning, defending champion


He was beaten in five sets by the wild card


and world number 117, Denis Istomin from Uzbekistan.


Istomin took the first set, but Djokovic won the next two.


It looked like it would have been a victory for him.


Istomin then took the fourth in a tiebreak to level


the match, going on to win the deciding set 6-4.


It took 4 hours and 48 minutes, but Istomin


And surely the biggest winner here is Andy Murray,


who's looking to win his first title in Melbourne.


His biggest challenger already out in the second round.


Joanna Konta eased to victory over naming Asarco, but bad news for


Heather Watson and Kyle Edmund, who went out. I looked to impose myself


on the match early, and I knew that if I was going to give her any


breathing room or any opportunity that she was just going to become


more and more dangerous, so I did try my best not to let that happen,


and after getting that break in the first set, I felt I did a good job


and also running with the momentum of it, and that also helped.


Liverpool, Southampton and Newcastle all through to the fourth round of


the FA Cup. Lucas Leiva scored the only goal the Liverpool, his first


for the club in seven years. They beat Plymouth Albion and will face


Wolves at Anfield in the next round. Two, three, four to zero would have


been OK. We just wanted to get the next round, no penalty shoot,


leaving Plymouth, as nice as it is here, as early as possible, because


the next game is waiting. All good. Manchester United have become the


richest club in football once again for the first time in 11 years. They


go ahead of European champions Real Madrid and the third richest club


Barcelona after record revenues of ?515 million last season. Eight


Premier League clubs are in the top 20 of the football money list,


including Premier League champions Leicester City for the first time.


England's Chris Woakes is taking three wickets as they made a great


start to the second one-day international against India. He took


the early wickets of Raul, Virat Kohli and da one. India were 25-3,


but Yuvraj Singh has helped steady things and is currently an 81, with


India 156-3 after 29 of their 50 overs as England try to level the


series. More sport later in the hour, Joanna. Thank you.


President-elect Donald Trump takes the oath of office tomorrow and it's


thought about 900,000 people are expected to gather in Washington


But his supporters are already on their way


as events kick off today - there will be a wreath laying


at Arlington National Cemetery to honour military veterans.


And also a concert later tonight - with both Donald Trump and his


Inauguration day tomorrow is full of tradition and ceremony


Let's talk now to Professor Ted Malloch -


a key adviser to Donald Trump during his election


and the man tipped to be his ambassador to the EU.


You have been talking to government advisers here at Downing Street.


Have you told them to read Donald Trump's book if you want under Stan


the Man? You must have had somebody in the room if you heard that! I


think it is the best way to understand Donald Trump, because he


is a transactional figure who really thinks in those terms. So explain a


bit more about what it is that they need to understand when they are


dealing with him? He views the world is a set of deals, as transactions,


and he positions himself. He is really a fantastic negotiator, so if


you are going to be across the table from him, or trying to bargain with


him, it is very helpful to know his mind on how he approaches a subject.


One of the lines of advice in the book is, the worst thing you could


possibly do in a deal is seen desperate to make it. That makes the


other guy smell blood and then you are dead. Was Theresa May's line


when she said about the EU/ UK deal, no deal is better than a bad one, is


that straight out of Donald Trump's playbook? Maybe she's reading it


already in preparation for the summit! I thought her speech was


brilliant, her finest hour, and it seems like she is saying the same


thing at Davos. How do you think she's playing her hand? I think she


is playing it very strong, and this kind of clean Brexit that is harder


than some people expected is very forceful. The possibility for


Britain to be a global Britain, which was suggested in her speech, I


think it is a brilliant strategy. It is the best card that Britain has to


play, and it's best partner will be the United States. So tell us more


about that, because the UK is not allowed to formally begin trade


negotiations until it has actually left the EU, which would be two


years after Article 50 is triggered, but you think there is a way around


that, and that potentially, you said a deal could be struck in 90 days


through informal discussions? I think that is possible. We're


talking about informal discussions, something that is off the record,


that is private, and the preparatory work is done, so to then have a


formal statement when the time allows it, this is the way diplomacy


works. Lawyers don't run the world. 90 days, some people are saying it


can take up to ten years for trade deals. How could you be so sure 90


days would do it? It has been suggested by some people close to


both sides that if it was really desired, and you put the right


people together, and you use some existing frameworks, you could have


a minimalist agreement within 90 days and build on it from there. The


largest mergers and acquisitions in the world take less than 90 days.


You have described Arnold Trump in the context of the negotiations


between the US and the UK on a deal is being a white knight coming to


help a damsel in distress. It is sounded like the United States is


looking very benignly on the UK right now. Why would that be? It


would be because the US/ UK special relationship is a part of our


history as it is a part of your history. I can tell you first hand


Winston Churchill would be going back into the Oval Office in the


form of his bust, and that solid relationship is important to the


global economy, it is important to the transatlantic alliance, and it


is also the case that Donald Trump has origins in the United Kingdom.


He is very well disposed towards a relationship with the


English-speaking people. We are talking about a man who is coming


into office vowing to make America great again, who as we said in his


book on business, he makes very clear that it is all about the art


of the deal. What is in it for America? It is sounding like it is


all about what is in Britain's best interests right now. What is the


wider context? Is there something to be said for if there are strong


messages going out to the UK that actually looking to other countries


for good trade deals out of the EU, that sends strong signals to other


countries in the EU right now. It does, and it is a message in the


sense that it speaks volumes to other countries, but I think it is


also the case in any negotiation, trade negotiation, there is a kind


of reciprocal agreement, so it is not like the US is going to offer


Britain a free deal. There will be a exchange. The US having access to


the British economy is significant, the passing of financial services


between the two markets is significant. The relationship on


defence issues has always been important, on intelligence. So I


think these things will be beefed up in this new era of the special


relationship. In the context of you being the frontrunner to be the new


EU Ambassador, that message coming from the United States shake things


up a bit, doesn't it? Imported European countries, the key members


of the European Union, going to elections, the message that they may


be better off outside the constraints of EU trade. These other


things that European countries themselves to decide. The United


States certainly did not pressure, quite the opposite, the British


people to vote for Brexit, if I recall President Obama was wrought


over to tell them to get an order in four remain. So the US under Donald


Trump will be a very different order, and in his interview with


Michael Gove in Bild magazine that was released suggested this in stark


terms. I keep saying you are the frontrunner to be the US ambassador


to the EU, I think all the existing ambassadors are out of post on


Friday. Would you expect to be told then, before, whether you are in or


out? These are political appointments,


and I think that, certainly in the coming weeks, all those


announcements will be made. And indeed, all the cabinet, as of this


morning, is in place. Donald Trump announces agriculture Secretary this


morning, and so now we will get onto the next of appointment. Let's talk


now to Benjamin Marchi and Tim Young - two Republican voters who are


heading to the inauguration celebrations later today.


On the eve of this inauguration, we are looking now to a president about


him a lot is known, about whom it is thought that things are known, and


much is feared, how do you see him? I don't think he's that feared, you


know, it is interesting because a lot of the media has spun it that he


is more feared... It is the coasts where the media is, media from Los


Angeles and New York are a little more worried about what is going to


do than people in the flyover states. Although they are not the


popular vote, they represent a majority of the country. How do you


feel about America's place in the world? I am ecstatic about our place


in the world right now, right now, for a change, I think Donald Trump


is going to give us a posture wholly different from the last eight years,


one which will be more respected and appreciated throughout the world. We


will not be drawing unintentional red lines. More divisive? It will


not be that divisive, there will be naysayers out there. There will be


naysayers who nit-pick and pull apart things that he says, art at


the end of the day, we are excited about him truly making America great


again and the team news putting together continues to give people


that I talk to on irregularly 's is a lot of confidence in his ability


to lead the free world. What do you think will happen, will he hit the


ground running? That is what I have been told from insiders as well,


complete 180, it is interesting, the symbolism, the term of the unknown


soldier is where the wreath will be laid, there is always a changing of


the guard, this is a significant changing of the guard, all the


policies, almost unanimously, all of his policies, Barack Obama's


policies, will be flipped with the new changing of the guard under


Donald Trump. You are both heading off to the celebrations today, ahead


of the inauguration tomorrow. the Finnish pop star Saara Aalto


who came second in The X Factor has already signed a record


deal with Sony. We will speak to Saara


in her first interview of 2017. We've forgiven the avocado


for its high fat content and deemed We're swapping full fat


lattes for sugar-free, and using gadgets to swirl


courgettes into a gluten-free But can the food we eat


really "clean" our bodies Cambridge University scientist


Dr Giles Yo In a moment, we'll talk to Dr Yo,


and also to the founder of a healthy food festival and a woman who says


she was so obsessed by clean eating But first, let's watch part


of Dr Yo's programme, where he goes on a journey


to America and sees the extreme side of the lifestyle


at a Californian ranch, where cancer patients are being


treated with alkaline food. VOICEOVER: Up ahead, the pH miracle


branch. -- ranch. A millionaire 's paradise, funded by alkaline eating.


He has a moat, he has a moat here. I don't see any alligators coming to


eat me, Robert?


Hello, yes. Hello, I'm Giles.


Dr Giles! Very pleased to meet you.


Is this where miracles happen, this is your miracle ranch?


I want to know how Robert thinks we can use food to stay well.


Are you familiar with the fishbowl metaphor?


OK, the fishbowl metaphor begs a question, and the question is,


if the fish is sick, what would you do?


Treat the fish or change the water? I'd change the water, right?


he means eat alkaline food to stop ourselves becoming acidic.


The human body, in its perfect state of health,


Robert invites me to share in his daily alkaline routine.


My brain needs to prepare... I'll join you.


Tastes like green tea. It tastes like cold green tea.


STUDIO: Social media has seen the clean eating


But it's not all good news, nutritionists have reported the rise


of a psychological condition known as orthorexia,


Dr Yeo cooks with one of Instagram's biggest health bloggers,


Deliciously Ella, who promotes a plant-based diet.


She's one of the most popular brands associated


and he examines how far her plant-based cooking


She tells him the idea of "clean" has lost its way.


The gurus of clean are doing nothing wrong in helping people eat more


healthily but with their growing influence comes a


responsibility to ground their promises improved. Now, one of the


most influential figures on the movement says it has lost its way.


My problem with the word clean is that it has become too complicated,


loaded, now bit implies dirty, that is negative, we should not have


that. I think it is sad to me that clean has been taken so far out of


how it was originally meant to be used by people, as far as I


understood it, it meant natural, unprocessed, now it doesn't mean


that, it means diet, it means fad. Let's talk more about it. Dr Giles


Yeo from the University of Cambridge went on this journey to investigate


clean eating. Rose Lloyd Owen runs a healthy eating food and yoga


festival featuring Deliciously Ella and many of the top clean-eating


bloggers. And also joining us, Kerry Armstrong, who says she was so


obsessed by clean eating that became dangerously ill and believed certain


food was 'unclean. Until I became physically unwell, I have never


thought anything about type, if you look at a search engine, how do you


get better, I began researching it, and I thought I had been poisoning


myself, I took it to Olympic standards, I went from eating any to


within 18 months weighing six stone, and only eating watermelon. I took


it as extreme as you can get it, my teeth were crumbling, hair falling


out, never left the house, completely fixated with the idea of


cleaning myself to get well again. This is a concept that you have


looked at for your programme... That is an extreme example, but having


looked closely at it, what is your assessment on whether food can make


you ill, can make you well? It depends, as with everything, it's


depends, for example, if we start with what I agree with, in terms of


when I look at the food, undoubtedly, we have a broken food


environment we need to fix, a lot of the diseases we have are not diet


related, we have got to fix obesity, we have got to fix the food


environment we are in, that is why I went on the journey. The problem is,


if you take what I think without control verse is a healthy diet, eat


more eat less meat, but then wrap it around pseudoscience to say that it


can suddenly cure you, it can cure you of cancer, any number of other


ailments, then I have a problem. The phrase that is being used now is


orthorexia, the of session with clean eating, how money people are


susceptible to it becoming a disorder? It is almost like a


variant of anorexia, orthorexia, where you have a controlled


psychosis in order to keep control of your life. -- control psychosis.


It is tied up in social media, the clean phenomenon, a lot of the food


gurus that are out there reach millions of followers, what happens


is, while the vast majority of those millions of followers will treat it


as it is, that looks like a pretty plate of food, I'm going to have


that, but you will have a percentage of human beings... Completely


randomly, what I did was I joined Instagram, for the show, I did this


and that, and I posted a picture of my breakfast, a sausage and egg and


muffin, and a cup of tea. I lost 10% of my followers in 24 hours, because


of the people who were following me. Couldn't bear to look at a sausage.


I was funny, I documented it, but imagine you are susceptible, imagine


that this is my life, I have worked hard for this plate of food but for


some reason, a percentage of people don't want it, and they are banned


in you, that is where the problem begins, those people feel bad. Rose,


you have said that you are a founder of a healthy eating festival, can


you believe that people cannot bear to look at a picture of a sausage?


That is a little crazy, we have a festival in a couple of weeks, and


the ethos we have there is to bring in all sorts of different eating,


all sorts of different ways of eating, and celebrate everybody,


everybody... Does it celebrate eating a sausage, eating a packet of


biscuits, if you feel like it, it is not something you should do all the


time, but... Absolutely... This is about extremes. Nobody is saying it


should be extreme, nobody is saying it should be all or nothing, but


this is where the problem is, none of these guys are saying, you must


do this, you should do this 100% of the time, very much advocate a


70/30, spaghetti is not going to kill you but how about making it out


of celeriac, courgette, because essentially, you are getting more


vegetables into your diet, and that is better for you. There will be


people who interpret that as, therefore, there is this lovely


healthy option which looks beautiful in Instagram, eating the pasta is


bad. And like anything, with anything, that becomes big, there


will be people who take it too literally and take the wrong message


and I think no one is giving that message out, simply trying to find


more interesting and delicious ways of cooking vegetables. You have


talked about how you initially started wanting to make yourself


feel better, and it went down a very extreme path, when you were... Tell


us about the images you were seeing... The messages that you were


taking on board from the environment around you. To be honest, pet, we


could go on all day about why it is social and media's full, or my


friend, what I am not taking responsibility, I forgot, plain and


simple, it is not what goes into my mouth that makes me worthwhile as a


person, it is what comes out of it. I elevated food to a place it does


not belong, it is not my salvation. I was spiritually bankrupt, I was


looking for mindfulness within my plate, you do not get spiritual


well-being from what you eat, it is how you live and contribute, and I


had walked that, taken that out of perspective. -- warped that. To make


myself well, I had to leave food alone, have it be in experience,


because foods does not love you back but people can. That is how I got


well. It has nothing to do with healthy eating. Food elevated to a


place it does not belong... It is a good phrase, how much you think that


is happening? Food keeps us alive, it ought to be elevated to... We put


it in us, it makes us who we are. I definitely agree that we should


respect the food that we eat but respecting the food that we eat, or


pasting something on there that does not actually do... That is where I


think issues begin to happen. One thing of what you said:


Saying that I can't blame other be bought for it, but the problem is


you are still living within a particular environment that foisted


that upon you. But that isn't me taking responsibility. I don't have


to react to that, and to keep myself safe from something like that, when


you know who you are, social media cannot do hate you, and you will not


get sick like this. I agree, I think eating disorders have existed for a


long time. And they are thinking disorders first and foremost. Yes,


unfortunately it is in your mind, what you are seeing may influence


your mind, but the problem is within you wait before you go on social


media. Can I just interrupted. When you say it is all in the mind, you


paste eating disorders into some form of weird mental condition. I


didn't mean that. But we are still trying to understand it, there is a


susceptibility, a genetic susceptibility. But that makes me


feel hopeless, but I am not, I am strong, I have done it. I have


studied obesity, and I know that there are people who are susceptible


to obesity, and equally there will be people who are susceptible to


accepting there is a biological, genetic input in part. I'm not


saying I'm giving up, but why am I well now, then? I'm sorry, let me


come in. It is a longer discussion. Your programme is on tonight, BBC


Two, 9pm. Thank you very much to all of you. Keep letting us know your


thoughts on that one. Still to come: Is the British press


out to get Muslims? - one man believes that's


the impression it gives - and has made it his job


to put it right. The Finnish pop star Saara Aalto


who came second in The X Factor has already signed a record


deal with Sony. We will speak to Saara


in her first interview of 2017 With the news here's Annita


in the BBC Newsroom. At least 20 people have reportedly


been killed after a hotel was hit by an avalanche in central


Italy. Up to 30 guests and staff


were in the Rigopiano Hotel on San Grasso mountain


in the Abruzzo region. The avalanche was triggered


by a series of powerful earthquakes Giovanni Groetzki from the news


agency is in the region about 50 kilometres from where the avalanche


struck. The latest news we have at the moment is that there should be


at least 20 dead, because people inside were trapped under the


avalanche from last night, they spent all night under snow, so we


fear, everyone's fear is that there are at least 20 dead people.


Theresa May has told the World Economic Forum that the UK


will be open for business after Brexit, and ready to 'embrace


the world.' It's her first visit to Davos as Prime Minister -


she also called for businesses to do more to help those who feel "locked


Reports from Iran say a number of firefighters have been killed,


after a fire caused a high-storey building in the capital


Dozens more people are reported to be trapped under the debris


of the 17-storey Plasco building, which hosts a shopping centre.


State TV showed the moment when the building came down.


The leading contender to be the new US ambassador to the EU says that


Donald Trump 's presidency will spark a new era of US UK relations.


He said a trader could be negotiated in as little as 90 days and said


Donald Trump looked favourably on the UK. I think the US/ UK special


relationship is a part of our history as it is a part of your


history. I can tell you first hand Winston Churchill will be going back


into the Oval Office in the form of his bust, and that solid


relationship is important to the global economy, it is important to


the transatlantic alliance, and it is also the case that Donald Trump


has origins in the United Kingdom. He is very well disposed towards a


relationship of the English-speaking people. That is a summary of the


latest news. Do join me for BBC newsroom live at 11 o'clock.


I have to just read quick to have seen. Gabriella Simmon-Bird just


heard that Sarr alto will be an the show, and I got so excited, I


started clapping. Let's get some support with you. No round of


applause from the! Novak Djokovic has gone out of the Australian open.


The defending champion beaten in five sets by the wild card world


number 117 Denis Istomin in a match that lasted nearly five hours. The


British number one Johanna Konta is the third round, beating Naomi


Asarco, and she faces Caroline Wozniacki next, Heather Watson and


Kyle Edmund are both out. Liverpool beat Plymouth Argyle, Lucas Leiva


with their only goal of the game. Southampton and Newcastle also went


through. Manchester United have returned to the top of football's


money list for the first time since 2004, overtaking Real Madrid who


have held the top spot for the last 11 years. And Yuvraj Singh has made


a century of India to frustrate England's bowlers. They are 208-3,


England hoping to level the series. We will be back more after 11


o'clock. Are large sections of the British


press biased against Muslims? Last month there were nine


corrections to articles concerning Muslims in the British


media - this month The activist behind most of these


complaints and corrections says inaccurate media reporting


about Muslims has led But critics argue there


is an attempt to prevent The most high-profile apology last


month was given to a Muslim family falsely accused of being extremists


by columnist Katie Hopkins Zahid Mahmood last month received


very public apology. Daily Mail columnist


Katie Hopkins had suggested that he and his brother


were extremists with links to Al-Qaeda, after US authorities


refused to let them and their family On December 19th, the paper


and Hopkins were forced to apologise and pay ?150,000 in damages


to the family. Type my name, teach my kids,


look, you will never see me on any of this,


it wouldn't come up. How did it then feel to have that


article written about you? It's cutting wounds and putting


salt on it, you know? We haven't overcome the emotional


trauma that we went through, with the kids, in front


of their eyes, and then two days later being accused


on the national media - it was worldwide media, not just


in the UK, it was worldwide. The apology to Zahid and his family


came alongside eight other corrections to articles


concerning Muslims last month. This is far higher than previous


months, and is partly down Miqdaad Versi is an activist


and also Assistant Secretary General He has taken it upon himself


to start systematically monitoring stories concerning Muslims,


and has so far put in more than 50 complaints to newspapers


and to Ipso, the press regulator. Not all succeed, but he was behind


eight corrections last month. How much of a problem


are these inaccuracies? Nowadays, things just spread


virally on social media, and that's what the problem really


is, that these individual stories get traction,


and far right websites, extremist websites, take it up,


and that's the problem. Then when there is a correction,


that doesn't go as far, it doesn't go to those far right


websites, so the individuals who saw it in the first place have this view


that this is reality. Five of the corrections


in December related to The Sunday Times article


stated in its headline, "Enclaves of Islam see UK as 75%


Muslim." And it's about a report


by Louise Casey on integration In reality, what the report actually


said was one school had students who thought that the majority


of the country were Asian. And it was to do with one


school only, rather So this was entirely incorrect,


which the Sunday Times acknowledged, Also last month, the Daily Mail had


to correct an article The correction read,


"A headline on an earlier version of this article said that


Malia Bouattia claimed that young Muslims are travelling to join Isis


in Syria due to cuts to education. It also said that Miss Bouattia had


refused to condemn Isis. The correct position is that


Miss Bouattia claimed that young Muslims are travelling to join Isis


in Syria for reasons including Government cuts to education


and mass unemployment, and Miss Bouattia


has condemned Isis." This one is The Sun On Sunday mixing


up two black Muslims, one who is fighting against extremism


and one who's accused of extremism. And this one is by ITN News,


where they seem to misinterpret a poll, claiming that half of UK


Muslims would not report extremism, So previously we had individuals


taking on the press where they felt they had been misreported,


but now you are taking on any story that you think's inaccurate


about Muslims or Islam, That's right, so because nobody else


seems to be doing this, there've been so many articles


about Muslims overall that have been entirely inaccurate,


and they create this idea within many Muslim communities that


media's out to get them. And the reason that's the case


is that nobody's challenging these newspapers and saying,


"That's not true." The Muslim Council of Britain has


been unequivocal on this, it's raised this issue again


and again that inaccurate reporting leads to hostility against Muslims,


and that's a problem not just for Muslim communities


but for the wider society. The Independent Press


Standards Organisation, Ipso, confirmed that it is receiving


lots of complaints It also pointed out that the two


articles about which it's had the most complaints


since it was formed in 2014 I think I, like anyone else, want


a press that's going to be accurate, that's going to care about the facts


and verifying them, but I think this campaign


of complaints that we've seen, particularly over the last six


months, it looks like, I don't think that's really


what's driving it. I think what we're seeing


here is a quite concerted attempt to often ringfence Islam


from criticism and to try and chill discussion about a lot of issues,


and I think for me the standout case of this was a story that was run


by both The Sun and the Mail Online in May last year, a suspected honour


killing, so both papers ran with this, they referred to it


as an Islamic honour killing, And so a complaint was made


which stated that Islam doesn't condone honour killings,


that this is a cultural thing, not a religious thing,


and as a result of this, Ipso ruled and required


the newspapers to print, and this is almost a direct quote,


that the religion of Islam does not I thought that was just


absolutely staggering, because, as we all know,


a religion is just an assortment of ideas and principles,


these things are contested. What these papers were effectively


asked to do, and what they did, was to print one accepted


interpretation of religion, and to me this was just


like back-door blasphemy law. Do you worry about a chilling


effect, that your constant critique will make people scared


of covering these issues? Not really, because in reality


newspapers report on a range All I'm asking for is


responsible reporting. For Zahid, this is not just


about incorrect reporting, though. He feels the response to both


the original article by Katie Hopkins and her apology


was very reactionary. First, they were all against us,


when Katie Hopkins published the article, and then when she made


an apology a year later, then they all turned against her,


so there's no middle ground. The upsetting part is not the actual


element of Katie Hopkins, it's the mindset of people,


how they can very easily be led against somebody


or in favour of somebody. I feel proud to be living


in London as a Muslim. Where people from different


backgrounds, different countries, different tribes, different


languages, faith, beliefs, But there are elements


which are actually destroying these relationships and this unity


which we have within the community. How do you feel about


Katie Hopkins now? In fact, my wife and I would


formally like to invite her to our In fact, my wife and I would


formally like to invite her to our We have no grudge against her,


and we would like her to learn and know that we are as British


as she is. In fact, my wife's grandfather


and great-grandfather both fought They fought for the very


freedom of this country. Many people wouldn't


be so forgiving. This is what I've been brought up


with, this is the teaching of the Prophet Muhammad,


peace be upon him, that he has taught us


to remove evil with goodness. She made allegations,


we want to show her the goodness, and we want to invite her to our


house so she can first-hand meet us. STUDIO: Last month, the Daily Mail


and columnist Katie Hopkins apologised to Zahid Mahmood


after suggesting he and his who is behind these complaints


regarding inaccurate media And Tom Slater, who is


Deputy Editor of Spiked Online As you saw there in the film,


Zahid Mahmood who received an apology from Katie Hopkins


after she labelled him an extremist We got in touch with Katie


and put this offer to her what impact do you think this is


having? It is not just me saying this, this is academise from


Leicester University, Cambridge University, European Commission on


racism and intolerance, all are saying the same thing, reckless


reporting leads to hate crime, leads to hostility against Muslims. This


is not just me saying it, this is nationally, academics,


internationally, human rights activist, those who are looking at


this issue at the United Nations level, specifically talking about


how media has caused hostility against Muslims in the UK. Do you


think newspapers and journalists have to be more wary of what is


being said in that context, if there is a link between what is said in


the papers and what is happening in the community? First and foremost, I


am dubious of the link that is set between reporting and people's


reactions, that projects a quite low view of the public, that they can be


whipped into a frenzy by a you force headlines but we all want a press


that is going to be factual and care about accuracy but I do not believe


that is what is driving this, I think the mail online, the example


referred to in the film, perfect example, newspapers effectively


required to print what is according to him, the acceptable version of a


particular religion, that is like something out of the days of the


Star chamber, I cannot believe it so is going along with this, unless you


have a direct line, there is no requirement to print these things.


-- Ipso. Did you read the tips are ruling? It did not say that. It


didn't say that, -- did you read the Ipso ruling? That is what the ruling


was, the fact that the mail online chose to respond and they decided to


explain the reasoning, and apologise in the way they did, that is a


choice for the Mail Online, they did not ask them to make a theological


decision. That means ask you a question, when there are statements,


like the Sun saying, supermarket terror, gunmen... Here we go...


Gunmen screaming opens fire in Spanish supermarket while carrying


bag filled with petrol and gunpowder... Similar stories in the


Daily Mail and the express. The reality is, these are factually


incorrect, you can tell they are not factually correct because the sun


decided to make changes, changing the article entire it, it is of the


reality, it just wasn't true. -- changing the article entirely.


Stories across-the-board are found to be inaccurate, are you saying


that stories that relates to Islam needs to be monitored more


carefully? I'm not talking about favours, I'm talking about fairness.


We have a situation right now where people have a low view of the press,


I believe in journalism and the fact that we want to have a strong press


out there, we will seek a challenge authority, but when there is


inaccuracy is, that undermines really good reporting. Forge gnarly,


we have seen examples. You have said that it is OK for editors to keep


this... -- unfortunately, we have seen examples. These newspapers did


print corrections under their own polishing, but it is under pressure,


the sun and the mail Online printed the same sentence, that tells us


what is going on in this instance, we should all care about


corrections, some of the corrections we are talking about, these


newspapers repeated this misreading, this misrepresentation of a


particular statistic, but you'd suggest this is spreading hate, and


I disagree with that for two reasons: look at the Sunday Times


retraction, they made the point that this story was published before the


story came review came out, that is a product of churn-alism, which is a


big problem, and it encourages a climate which sees issues which


affect Muslims as something as touchy, and the reason that


something like the Casey Report exploded as it did, as most


egalitarian would have, there is a feeling that integration is not


going as well as we would like all stop we should be allowed to talk


about that. Looking closely at any story, and saying, where there are


factual inaccuracies, they need to be corrected. I think there is


definitely a moral obligation on newspapers to correct things but


what we're looking at here is something much broader, I see this


as a much broader context, not just about is fellow here, it is a


broader climate, this hyper session with Islamophobia, it is a chilling


discussion, what has been done quite successfully is to conflate


criticism of Islam, discussion of issues that affect the Muslim


community, with criticism of those as individuals, they have racialised


discussion and that is inimical to free speech. There has been 25


corrections in the last year, 13 in the last six weeks, every week there


has been two corrections on average on issues related to Muslims, let's


listen to the academics who say that this is a problem, who say this is


causing hate rhyme. Rather than listen to opinions by individuals,


listen to academics, facts, hopefully we can have a stronger


press, so we can have responsible reporting for all. Thank you both


very much. It was only last month that Finnish


pop star Saara Aalto came but the 29-year-old has already


signed a record deal with Sony. She entered the show after years


of performing as a singer where she couldn't get a record


deal because she wanted


to sing in English. In a moment we will talk with Saara


in her first interview of 2017 but first here she is performing


in the semi-finals of The X Factor, with the song that she sang


in her first audition, You came second, it was a journey,


you thought you were out, then you are back in after a month of being


out, and then you were in the bottom two quite a few times and had to


sing to stay in the show. That must have tested your resilience? It did,


definitely, it was a journey, I feel it was all worth it and somehow it


made me stronger each week, so I am quite happy that it happened like


that. Probably didn't feel like it at the time. I feel like it was


meant to be. You were pretty well-established in Finland when you


went on the show, you went on because you wanted to be able to


sing in English, why wasn't the Finnish market enough for you? Well,


I was ten when I saw the Spice Girls performing on television and I was


like, that is where I want to be, I want to be an international singer,


that is when I composed my music in English even though I could not


quite speak English yet. It has always been my way of doing and I


always see myself singing all around the world, and if you sing in


finish, you have two stay in Finland. I just have this passion,


for languages, to see the world, to sing to everybody, and that is why I


came here. Have talent shows change, when I was a kid, they were very


much for amateurs, someone who had no other prospect of getting a


singing career, or a career in the public eye, unless they went on


those talent shows to break out. There are people like you who have


had a degree of success and now people like you are on talent shows.


Every show they have people who asked Artin, and they dream about


being singers, but in every show they also have people who have been


working for it for and years. But, you know, nowadays, it is very hard


to get your face out there, you need help and these kind of shows are a


very good platform for people to really show their talent. Your


girlfriend was the person who suggested that you go on the show,


she didn't really feature very much in your personal story on the show,


people have questioned why, why do you think that was? Well, actually,


me and my girlfriend were always on social media together, giving


interviews, I think those BTs that were on the show, the video clips, I


think we had so many things that we wanted to fit in and they were only


one minute long, we did not have time to go into my personal life. --


VTs. I didn't even realise that myself because I was with my


girlfriend all the time, very openly. You work on mental health


shops for kids, in Finland. Why do you do that? We have this no fear


project, together, lectures for young people, going for their


dreams, being who they are, that is the most important thing in life,


that is why I want to be a singer, that is why I want to encourage


young people or old people to live their life as they are. I think


people need love and encouragement. Do you feel you are living the


dream? Yes, definitely, definitely. Do you see yourself as a role model?


At least that is the response that I get, which is really nice, I get


e-mails, and private messages on social media, young girl saying that


I give them a lot of strength, and encouragement. So that is the best


feedback that I can get, really. Gabriella, I mentioned a tweet from


her, she said she spontaneously clapped at home when she said you


were coming on the show, she wanted a shout out, so it would mean the


world. Hello, Gabriela, I am so glad that you tweeted to me and I am so


glad if I can bring you any happiness and joy for your life, I


wish you all the best. And everybody, always remember, love


will always win in the end! For you, a record deal with Sony, what is


next! We have the X Factor tour coming up, and then we have an arena


concert. Already so sold out, it is going to be huge. I have two prepare


for that. And then, writing new songs and hopefully getting my first


angle out as soon as possible. Of course, we must take our time and


find the best song. Great to have you with us. Thank you very much.


Thank you for your company as well. I will see the same time tomorrow,


have a good afternoon.


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