Episode 2 Animal Park


Episode 2

Kate Humble and Ben Fogle return to Longleat Safari Park. As summer continues, keepers attempt to keep the rhinos cool by encouraging them into a mud bath.


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Transcript


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Winston and Poppy, the cheetah cubs,

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have been causing concern since they were born at the park

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back in the winter. They're now nine months old -

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they are incredibly fast and incredibly curious.

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Two natural instincts that are currently causing

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all sorts of concern.

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The problem is, the keepers have no idea what they're going to do,

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or where they're going to go.

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And with hundreds of thousands of visitors

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and their cars expected this summer,

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the keepers have to find a way to control them.

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Now, they are desperate to get out, so shall we wander down

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and let them out? Ready, guys?

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-And...

-Here we go, go and enjoy!

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-There you go!

-There we go.

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Yes, it's another day of adventure for them,

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and another day of headaches for the keepers.

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Also on today's Summer Special...

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It's all hands to the pump,

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as keepers try to convince the reluctant rhinos to take a bath.

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She seems to be more interested in me at the moment.

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Probably thinking that I've got some of her food rather than a wallow.

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Kate has a close encounter with one of the world's deadliest arachnids.

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They have potent venom.

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People have described it as having broken glass running through

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your veins.

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And Jean attempts to settle a feud within a pride of feisty lionesses.

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Oh, that was a leap.

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Hopefully they've realised what some teamwork can do.

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Summer is a time of plenty.

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But the job of feeding the animals never stops.

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Especially where the larger animals are concerned.

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It's feeding time here for the 17 bactrian camels,

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so I'm joining Tara to put out some boughs.

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Tara, I believe we have to be quite quick, before they spot us,

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-is that right?

-Yeah, obviously we want to be back safe in the truck

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-before they come down.

-OK.

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So we will pop it out then try and call them over.

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And we want to spread it out a little bit to stop squabbling,

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-is that right?

-Yeah, cos there are 17 of them,

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we just don't want the older ones kicking the little ones out.

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Now the big question, Tara, is - how do you call the camels down?

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Do you have a special whistle?

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No, unfortunately we just use our voices and try and call them down.

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Come, camels!

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Have you ever been called the Camel Whisperer?

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-Or the Camel Shouter?

-Not quite.

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Shall I try? Come on, camels!

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That's quite a sight to see them all running like that.

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-Yeah.

-That's incredible.

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Hello, they're coming straight up.

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-Oh, who's this?

-This is Patrick.

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Frisky! Looking a little scraggy...

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Yeah, it's obviously summer months, so they're all

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dropping their winter coats slowly.

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Is that nice?

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Here you go.

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Look at that. Wow!

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The bottom part of the plate has got the teeth.

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And then it goes into, like, a hard plate on the top.

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Look at that, and it's amazing how they use those lips as well

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-to kind of hold on to the sticks.

-Yeah, they have really droopy lips.

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So they use it to their advantage with the food and scooping it all up.

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So when you're looking at them now,

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are you giving them an overall kind of health checkup as well?

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Yeah, so it is the summer months,

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so they're staying out 24/7 at the moment.

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So this is our prime time of day to be able to bring them down

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for a little bit of a treat, so we can get a bit closer to them.

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It's nice to see their faces up close,

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and also see how their coats are going on.

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And generally at this time of year, you can check their feet

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really nicely as well when they're this close.

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And will they eventually lose all of this fur?

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-Will it all come out?

-Yeah, it will slowly all come out and then they'll

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get like a thinner coat all over, which is their summer coat.

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It only lasts a couple of months and then they have to build their winter coat back up.

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So it seems like a very short amount of time between each coat,

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but they definitely need it.

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Hello, look at that.

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Yeah. We do try to help them by pulling little bits off the ones that will let us.

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I'll do my bit.

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There you go. That's going to give you a slightly cooler head.

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So how often do you do this?

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So we do this twice a day, morning and afternoon,

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to give them a good health check, but it also keeps them off the road

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cos they like to stand on the road, especially when it's warm.

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Now as Tara just reminded us,

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keeping animals like this off the roads is something on the minds

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of all the keepers here at the park.

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A million visitors a year drive through the park.

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Some of the animals, like the rhino, don't give a monkey about the cars.

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Whereas the monkeys are experienced car-surfers -

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they know exactly how to steer clear of the wheels.

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But for some of the species,

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a first encounter with a moving vehicle is a high-risk moment.

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And when the animal is one of the world's fastest,

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changes direction in a flash,

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and highly endangered, it's a major concern.

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The cheetah cubs were born during the winter months.

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Since then, they've been kept in paddocks away from the drive-through

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safari. But from tomorrow,

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they will be the star attraction for the summer season.

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Today, the team leader, Amy, is planning an exercise to try and

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help them deal with cars.

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So this is sort of the final step before they're out with the public.

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So, it is really difficult.

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And very nerve-racking, really.

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A group of keepers have volunteered to pose as visitors.

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Cars are all ready, I'm ready.

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Cheetahs are ready.

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And we've got people on the gates, ready to operate those as well.

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So we're ready to go.

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The drivers are on red alert.

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One wrong move, and the cubs could end up under the wheels.

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Come on!

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Good girl.

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Go on, girl.

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Do you want to head on in?

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'OK.'

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So the cars are just about to head in now.

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The cubs are just heading down towards the gate.

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It's an important training exercise for the gatekeepers too.

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They need fast reactions to deal with these high-speed cats.

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You can see how fast they run around,

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and we have to be always concentrating.

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The animals can be... They'll go from one end of the section

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to the other in such a short space of time.

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So being on the gate, and operating it is such an important job.

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Knowing that the animals could run down towards your gate at any time

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at all, we're going to have to be sort of really on our toes.

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The cats keep gathering around the gate manned by new keeper Norbert.

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Wilma has actually walked off the other way.

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So they're fairly close, we've got cars coming through.

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Norbert will keep an eye on them all the time as well.

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Got a bit closer to the gates, so I'm between the cheetahs.

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So if need be, I've got time to react and try and block them

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as the cars come through.

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Suddenly, the cubs make a dash for Norbert's gate.

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Norbert shuts the gate just in time.

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Now, it's Wilma's turn to play up.

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We've got Wilma actually a bit interested in the car.

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This is one... One behaviour we definitely do not want.

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Wilma!

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Good girl.

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Well, that's something we definitely don't want the cubs to try and do

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with public vehicles, or any vehicle for that matter.

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So that's a behaviour we definitely have to stop straightaway.

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She hasn't done that ever before.

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The practice session hasn't really gone to plan.

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But time's up - tomorrow, the gates open for real.

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Wilma, Poppy, and Winston will be released amongst the public.

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But how will they react?

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Each day, over 100 staff care for over 1,000 animals.

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It's their job to see that each resident, no matter how fussy,

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gets exactly what they need to thrive.

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But some can be more difficult to please than others.

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Meet the park's four Southern white rhinos...

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18-year-old male Nanju

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and females Razina, Marashi and Ebun.

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In this group, it's the girls who rule the roost.

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Razina is the boss,

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Marashi - grumpiest.

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And Ebun is the youngest and most lovable.

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But, as the third-largest land animal on the planet,

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when they don't want to do something, there's very little

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anyone can do about it.

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-Hello, boy.

-Rob is the rhinos' main keeper.

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Good lad.

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Every morning, he has to wake up these giant creatures.

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But, like most teenagers, rhinos aren't great in the mornings.

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Someone's grumpy this morning.

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His next job is to give them all a quick health check.

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The reason we check over their skin

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is because sometimes the rhinos can get some grazes if they've been

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fighting like they tend to.

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That's it, good girl.

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Rhinos, like hippos and elephants, are pachyderms.

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This means they have very thick skin,

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but it's sensitive and needs good care.

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The perfect beauty treatment for them is mud,

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which they absolutely love.

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They love to wallow,

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get right into the mud, roll around,

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and then after that they get extremely playful.

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They go running around, scratching on things, running after each other.

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They're like a big puppy really.

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So to bring out the puppy in the pachyderm,

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head of section Ryan has a fresh plan to get them stuck in the mud.

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As they don't have a bespoke wallow in this area at the moment,

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we're just going to put something in to make sure that they can wallow

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and take care of their skin by themselves hopefully.

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In the wild, rhinos make their own wallows by digging their horn

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into the ground to make a hole.

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This quickly gets even bigger by rolling their two tonnes of

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body weight around in the soft ground.

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It will help their skin,

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it'll help cut down the aggression between each other.

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There are times when our rhinos occupy the same space as our guests,

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so we need to make sure that we're doing everything we can to keep the

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rhinos in the best mood possible.

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We don't want them getting too frisky with flies around their heads

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and thinking that they can go and rub on guests' cars.

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Despite their thick skin, rhinos can still feel insect bites.

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The easiest way for them to scratch an itch is to rub themselves against

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the nearest object, whether it be a tree, a rock, or a car.

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Hopefully when we finish building the wallow,

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it'll be great to see the rhinos act out their natural behaviour.

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They do love to wallow in the mud and it would just be great that they

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can actually do it and wallow, get mud on themselves

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rather than us, every morning in the crush, chucking it on them.

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Having dug the beginnings of a wallow, all that's left to do

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is to add water and take a wager on who'll be first to wallow.

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Four rhinos, four keepers.

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-Who's having who?

-I'll go for Razina.

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I'll go with Marashi then.

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-Kev?

-Nanju.

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-OK, I've got Ebun.

-LAUGHTER

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The rhinos seem eager to explore the addition to their enclosure...

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..and head off to investigate their wallow.

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But who will be first to take the plunge?

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We have Ebun here.

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She seems to be more interested in me at the moment,

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probably thinking that I've got some of her food, rather than the wallow.

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Go have a wallow!

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Ebun and Nanju edge a little bit closer,

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but Marashi and Razina are nowhere to be seen.

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I had Marashi in the sweepstake,

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so she's still down on the sand yard at the moment, so it doesn't look

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like I'm going to be winning this one any time soon.

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Ebun is the first in, surprisingly, of all,

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so Ryan may take the sweepstake on this one.

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Well, she's technically in, but she's not wallowing.

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I was hoping they would go in.

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We haven't got the real sunshine, which they really love

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to get in to a muddy wallow and get stuck in.

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Perhaps it's not the weather to wallow.

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It looks like none of the keepers are winners today.

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Let's go double or quits on next time.

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Yeah, good shout.

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We'll be back later on, to find out whether any of the rhinos

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take the plunge.

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Here in lion country,

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keepers are having to manage an ever-changing pride dynamic,

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with males and females challenging each other on a daily basis.

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So keepers need to keep coming up with ways to settle arguments

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and strengthen bonds.

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Lions typically live in highly structured prides led by a male.

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Females have individual roles in a pride,

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but there often isn't a strict hierarchy.

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Because of this, conflict between females is common but can,

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on some occasions, get out of hand.

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It's a big concern for the keepers at the moment because fights

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are becoming more and more common within a group of females.

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Lionesses do most of the hunting in the wild -

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it's a time where they must work together as a team.

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Keeper Eloise has come up with a plan she hopes could get them

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working together and Jean has gone to find out if it works.

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This is quite a serious problem, Eloise,

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because your pride has been squabbling.

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How are you going to sort it out?

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So we're going to try and fix some bonds now.

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We've got a 60-kilo piece of meat that we're going to feed all of our

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-eight lions that are out today.

-How's that going to help?

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We're going to hang it up, up here,

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so they've all got to work together to pull it all down and then they

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can feed off of it together as well, so hopefully they'll all let each

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other have a bit of meat once they do get it down.

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So you're really hoping that this is going to encourage some

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teamwork and working together?

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-Definitely.

-All right, let's get started.

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Let's get this meat hung up there.

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I mean, it's a big old chunk.

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Feeding time normally consists of smaller chunks of meat,

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so this is a special occasion.

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But it does require four people to get it in place.

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Yes!

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Cool stuff.

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The hope is this feed will show lots of natural behaviour.

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So with the meat in place, it's feeding time.

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Third section, Matt, you can let the lions go.

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Oh, here they come - bounding out as always, and they look hungry.

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Right, so Malaika is the first one out and Sweet Pea as well.

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-So Sweet Pea's the first one.

-Sweet Pea's gone up for it...

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So there doesn't seem to be any hierarchy there, Eloise.

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They've all gone for it.

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They're both the top dogs in there, but it is normally Malaika,

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but Sweet Pea was like, "I don't care, it's food!"

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It's up there good, but you can see how that tree limb is moving so much

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with their force to bring it down, so hopefully that won't snap.

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So what do you think will happen once the bit of meat comes down?

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How does that work? Who takes what?

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Well, normally out in the wild and also in captivity,

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we find that they all go for different parts of the body.

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So for example, Malaika might want to go for that really meaty bone

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at the top and some of the smaller females who are...

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You can see they just rip some bits off and they're just happy eating on

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the floor. So they all have certain parts that they like to go into.

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Oh, they pulled it down! They've just pulled half of it down,

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so they've obviously ripped the meat from the rib...

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So is that some of the smaller lions that are sharing the ribs?

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So you've got Sweet Pea, who's still the big lioness,

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and she's got a couple of the smaller ones with her as well.

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She's the one that's holding it down and she's the one that's grumbling

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the most because she's like, "This is my food."

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So they're still having that tug-of-war over that food.

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You can see they've got their claws in it. Malaika's now come on top,

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seeing if she can do anything from up top.

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Ah, smart lion. Yeah, she really wants that.

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So she's that matriarch and she's that clever one,

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so she's just going to try and rip it from the top.

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She's a bit wobbly.

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It's amazing how that's played out because even though they all went

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for it initially, once the meat started being separated,

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they did fall into their roles almost.

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Definitely, definitely. Half of it's fallen down,

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you've got half of the group eating that half and then the other half

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are trying to get at that other big bit on top.

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They obviously wouldn't get an easy meal out in the wild,

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so we want to try and replicate that and try and get them running and

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using all those muscles and have all those thought processes.

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You can see how they're all sort of trying to try and figure out,

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"How can I get this down and beat the other person?"

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They're acting as they would if that was a buffalo in the wild.

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Definitely, definitely.

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There's definitely some squabbles. I mean, we can hear them.

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But do you think this is doing what you wanted?

0:17:460:17:48

Is it sorting out some relationships and bringing them closer together?

0:17:480:17:52

Yeah, I hope so. It definitely looks like it.

0:17:520:17:54

I mean, you have got a group of four happily in on a piece of meat

0:17:540:17:57

together on the floor there,

0:17:570:17:59

and then the other four are happily trying to get the other stuff.

0:17:590:18:02

They're not all fighting off and pushing the others out,

0:18:020:18:05

so they're all trying to work as hard as they can together to eat

0:18:050:18:08

that food and bring it down.

0:18:080:18:09

And although we can see little fights here and there, I think...

0:18:090:18:13

Woo! That was a leap.

0:18:130:18:15

Hopefully they've realised what some teamwork can do.

0:18:170:18:20

Definitely.

0:18:200:18:21

They sort of want to get their own bit of meat but then hopefully

0:18:210:18:24

working together to bring that food down.

0:18:240:18:26

It's great. It's always good to see the natural behaviours

0:18:260:18:29

that you would see in the wild

0:18:290:18:30

and I think a pride that eats together, stays together.

0:18:300:18:33

-BEN:

-It's another blisteringly hot day in the park and the residents

0:18:440:18:48

are making the most of the good weather.

0:18:480:18:50

But over in the rhino paddock,

0:18:520:18:54

keepers are once again waiting to see if the rhinos will pluck up

0:18:540:18:57

the courage to use their newly-built wallow.

0:18:570:19:00

Rob is feeling optimistic.

0:19:010:19:04

It's a lot sunnier today, so I'm feeling a lot more confident that

0:19:040:19:07

they actually will wallow today.

0:19:070:19:08

Last time it was a bit overcast,

0:19:080:19:10

and obviously you don't want to get in a bath when it's cold.

0:19:100:19:14

So hopefully now the sun's warmer, they will like to take a dip.

0:19:140:19:17

We know they've been up here to check out the wallow because we've seen

0:19:170:19:20

footprints in the mud, so they've definitely been checking it out.

0:19:200:19:24

And maybe now we get a bit more water in there,

0:19:240:19:27

they will come up and wallow.

0:19:270:19:28

Rob's determined to see some wallowing in action.

0:19:320:19:34

The water's in, the tractor's out,

0:19:340:19:36

and we're just going to get the rhinos up now.

0:19:360:19:39

There's a good reason they want the rhinos to wallow -

0:19:390:19:42

rhino are unable to sweat because their thick skin doesn't have

0:19:420:19:45

any sweat glands. The mud not only keep the rhinos cool,

0:19:450:19:49

it also protects their skin from the sun's harmful rays and keeps

0:19:490:19:52

biting insects at bay.

0:19:520:19:54

-Good girl!

-After a slow start, they're off.

0:19:590:20:02

Suddenly, it's a race to the wallow.

0:20:020:20:04

But once again, they get cold feet and fail at the last hurdle.

0:20:070:20:11

So the rhinos are a bit spooked at the moment.

0:20:110:20:13

It's probably cos we're so close to the wallow.

0:20:130:20:16

Well, who wants to take a bath with an audience?

0:20:190:20:22

It's just been proven we can't force them to wallow.

0:20:220:20:24

They will only do it when they want to.

0:20:240:20:26

So it may be that the rhinos don't actually use this wallow at all.

0:20:340:20:37

The rhinos do like to make their own, so it's what they would do in the wild -

0:20:370:20:40

they'd stick their horn in, dig out a bit of dirt where it's wet,

0:20:400:20:43

and then roll in it.

0:20:430:20:44

And slowly over time, it gets bigger and bigger.

0:20:440:20:46

We're going to keep a close eye on the wallow, and we'll be back

0:20:490:20:52

the moment they get in.

0:20:520:20:55

IF they get in, of course.

0:20:550:20:56

All parents know that heart-stopping sensation when their children start

0:21:040:21:08

to cross the road on their own.

0:21:080:21:10

But at least they can be taught the Green Cross Code.

0:21:100:21:13

Preparing dangerous wild animals to face traffic is not quite so easy.

0:21:130:21:18

Today, the six-month-old cheetah cubs Poppy and Winston will come

0:21:190:21:24

face-to-face with members of the public

0:21:240:21:26

driving through their enclosure.

0:21:260:21:29

For the cubs, going out for the first time, it's huge,

0:21:290:21:32

an absolutely huge step.

0:21:320:21:33

This is what we're all about - we're a safari park,

0:21:330:21:36

the public come through.

0:21:360:21:37

They want to see the animals really up-close.

0:21:370:21:40

We are always vigilant, we're always keeping an eye,

0:21:410:21:43

always having to concentrate at all times cos anything could happen in a

0:21:430:21:46

split second. So everyone has to be on their toes at all times.

0:21:460:21:50

And we'll see how it goes when we're in there patrolling them.

0:21:500:21:53

A long queue of cars is waiting to be let in to the safari park.

0:21:530:21:57

Lock four, lock five, cheetah on the way out.

0:21:570:22:00

It's time to release the cheetahs...

0:22:000:22:03

Sprinting past.

0:22:030:22:04

..and for them to meet their first paying guest.

0:22:060:22:10

First car's just entering now.

0:22:100:22:11

Coming a bit closer, to have a better look.

0:22:160:22:18

Move back slightly...

0:22:200:22:22

The cubs are tearing around.

0:22:220:22:25

Anything could happen.

0:22:250:22:27

They go so fast.

0:22:270:22:28

Just like that - a split second and they're off.

0:22:280:22:31

They could easily just go across the road right now.

0:22:310:22:33

New signs have been put up in the enclosure to ensure drivers

0:22:350:22:39

take extra-special care.

0:22:390:22:41

Hopefully with the signage as well,

0:22:410:22:42

the public will understand that the cheetah cubs are out and they'll

0:22:420:22:45

sort of watch their speed a little bit because the last thing we want

0:22:450:22:48

is them to be hit by anything.

0:22:480:22:50

But Amy knows just how easily that can happen.

0:22:500:22:53

Poppy just sprinted straight past, across the road to go and see Mum,

0:22:530:22:56

but it was great. The car, I think,

0:22:560:22:58

noticed something whiz past them and stopped.

0:22:580:23:02

As time marches on,

0:23:020:23:04

the enclosure gets busier and the cubs keep heading onto the road.

0:23:040:23:08

Amy has called in more keepers to help protect the cubs.

0:23:080:23:11

That was close.

0:23:130:23:14

We've got a few cars in here.

0:23:160:23:17

I'm having to keep an eye on all of them at the same time,

0:23:170:23:20

making sure that they

0:23:200:23:21

don't get too close to the cubs in the road.

0:23:210:23:24

Running past the cars like they've got no fear.

0:23:240:23:27

Suddenly, Wilma takes an interest in a particular car.

0:23:290:23:33

Amy must get them all back onto the grass.

0:23:330:23:36

Go on, Poppy!

0:23:390:23:41

Good girl. It's all go.

0:23:410:23:42

But it's not long before Winston appears to be copying Mum.

0:23:450:23:49

Then Amy realises what he's doing.

0:23:490:23:52

He's actually staring at his reflection.

0:23:530:23:55

He obviously thinks there's another cheetah, which is really,

0:23:550:23:58

really good to see. But obviously, we need to stop that.

0:23:580:24:01

I didn't want him to suddenly go, "Right, I'm actually having you,"

0:24:060:24:10

at the other cheetah and go in towards the car,

0:24:100:24:13

so we had to rev a little bit and he's gone away from the other

0:24:130:24:16

cheetah that he was obviously trying to get to.

0:24:160:24:19

After a busy morning, it's finally time for a rest.

0:24:220:24:26

Wilma's literally just laid down, so it's great.

0:24:260:24:29

So she's finally sort of relaxed.

0:24:290:24:31

Poppy's just sat watching,

0:24:310:24:33

and hopefully now if they stay within this middle bit here,

0:24:330:24:36

everyone can still see them. It's a nice area for them to be.

0:24:360:24:39

It's clear the keepers have a lot more work to do.

0:24:420:24:45

They need a plan for distracting the cheetahs

0:24:480:24:51

away from the cars, and fast.

0:24:510:24:53

We're now heading back to the rhino enclosure because we've just had

0:25:020:25:05

some potentially exciting news.

0:25:050:25:07

Rob, the whole team have been waiting to catch the rhinos in the wallow

0:25:070:25:11

and I'm hearing today might be the day.

0:25:110:25:13

-Is that true?

-Hopefully.

0:25:130:25:14

There's been a couple of times we've missed them.

0:25:140:25:17

They've been so sneaky.

0:25:170:25:18

I mean, we're around the park all the time and they've got in and out

0:25:180:25:21

but our cameras have never been there to catch it.

0:25:210:25:23

Yep. They literally only spend a couple of minutes in it at a time.

0:25:230:25:28

That's why.

0:25:280:25:30

So with this weather today then,

0:25:300:25:31

do you think a little bit of rain getting the mud nice and soggy

0:25:310:25:34

will be perfect condition for them?

0:25:340:25:36

Yeah. I think that's what's happened.

0:25:360:25:38

The mud's really soft at the moment.

0:25:380:25:39

They're already wet, so they don't mind getting a bit wet jumping in.

0:25:390:25:42

There's definitely a couple of them been in there.

0:25:420:25:44

I can see by their skin, it's nice and fresh, nice and wet,

0:25:440:25:47

nice and muddy.

0:25:470:25:48

Yeah, so it looks like we've got Ebun just having a look.

0:25:480:25:52

Whether she wants to go in or not is another question.

0:25:520:25:54

-She's having a little sniff.

-Hopefully she will cover herself.

0:25:540:25:57

-There she goes, she's going down now.

-There she goes!

0:25:570:25:59

They got in the wallow.

0:26:020:26:03

-Perfect timing.

-So what does this do for them?

0:26:030:26:06

I know it's a little bit of grooming.

0:26:060:26:08

Yep. So it also helps any parasites they may have on their skin.

0:26:080:26:11

Any flies... It helps keep the flies away and also any cuts.

0:26:110:26:15

It covers them. So when they've been fighting, they have open skin.

0:26:150:26:19

This helps cover it and acts as a natural plaster for them.

0:26:190:26:22

So it's very important for them.

0:26:220:26:23

Ebun's just planked herself down there.

0:26:230:26:26

She looks as if she's relaxing.

0:26:260:26:27

Sometimes they don't go fully over.

0:26:270:26:29

So you can see Nanju, he's gone in, but he hasn't rolled right over.

0:26:290:26:33

So he's got a line perfectly...

0:26:330:26:34

Half-covered, yeah.

0:26:340:26:36

They seem quite lively after that.

0:26:360:26:38

I saw Ebun almost skipping along here.

0:26:380:26:40

Yeah, sometimes they get very playful, after wallowing.

0:26:400:26:43

Why?

0:26:430:26:45

I don't know, to be honest. Once they get back up again,

0:26:450:26:47

they get really itchy.

0:26:470:26:49

They start running around and playing with each other.

0:26:490:26:51

Happy that they've had time in their wallow.

0:26:510:26:53

-Could that be it?

-Yeah, I think they're happy for bath time.

0:26:530:26:56

That's what we like to see - good, happy rhinos, covered in mud.

0:26:560:26:59

I have noticed that the wallow you made was a little bit smaller.

0:26:590:27:02

So they've made it bigger, just naturally, by being in there,

0:27:020:27:05

-they've made it their own.

-Yep, so they...

0:27:050:27:07

We started it off creating a little hole, filling it with water.

0:27:070:27:10

They've realised now that actually, "We may not fit in the hole."

0:27:100:27:13

So they've made it to their size.

0:27:130:27:15

-They've made it bigger.

-How clever.

-Spread it out. Yeah.

0:27:150:27:17

And do you think you could get four of them in there at the one time?

0:27:170:27:20

I'm not sure four of them this time...

0:27:200:27:22

-Maybe not.

-Possibly two.

0:27:220:27:24

It's great to see that they've taken to it and really made it their own

0:27:240:27:27

-and they're enjoying it.

-Yeah, definitely.

0:27:270:27:30

Now, Rob this is very important because there was a bet made about

0:27:300:27:33

who would go in the wallow first.

0:27:330:27:34

-Yeah.

-So who won?

0:27:340:27:36

Who went in first?

0:27:360:27:38

Kev won because it was Nanju that went in first.

0:27:380:27:42

Rob, I am so happy!

0:27:420:27:44

We finally get to see the rhinos wallowing in the mud.

0:27:440:27:47

Yes!

0:27:470:27:48

-BEN:

-The park is full of natural born killers.

0:27:540:27:57

Animals whose mere presence send shivers down your spine.

0:27:580:28:01

Unless of course, you're James from Animal Adventure.

0:28:040:28:07

We're heading behind the scenes because he's just been delivered two

0:28:090:28:13

new species of giant tarantula.

0:28:130:28:15

The first is a salmon pink birdeater,

0:28:180:28:22

known as a New World spider because she comes from the Americas.

0:28:220:28:25

They're actually one of the largest species of spider

0:28:270:28:30

in the world, absolutely huge, leg spans of up to ten inches.

0:28:300:28:35

So absolute monsters!

0:28:350:28:37

We do have a second spider as well - that I'm really excited about.

0:28:390:28:44

It's just this one up here.

0:28:440:28:46

This doesn't have a name just yet, a pet name, anyway.

0:28:470:28:52

In here, we have a king baboon spider.

0:28:520:28:55

We can have a quick look at her.

0:28:550:28:57

The king baboon spider, by contrast, is an Old World spider,

0:28:570:29:01

because they're found in Africa.

0:29:010:29:03

And this is the largest species of spider

0:29:030:29:07

found in Africa.

0:29:070:29:09

One of the main differences between Old World spiders and New World

0:29:090:29:13

spiders is actually their hair.

0:29:130:29:15

So New World spiders from the Americas,

0:29:150:29:18

if they're ever threatened, ever scared,

0:29:180:29:20

they can flick hairs with spines on them.

0:29:200:29:23

They flick them up into a fine dust.

0:29:230:29:25

When it lands on your skin, it's very irritating.

0:29:250:29:28

So it's actually more effective as a deterrent than a bite would be.

0:29:280:29:32

So a bite from most American spiders

0:29:320:29:35

is only going to be like a bee sting.

0:29:350:29:38

On the other hand, Old World spiders,

0:29:380:29:40

they just have rather potent venom.

0:29:400:29:45

Getting bitten by one of these might be your worst nightmare,

0:29:450:29:48

-for good reason.

-It's going to hurt.

0:29:480:29:51

People have described it as having

0:29:520:29:54

broken glass running through your veins.

0:29:540:29:56

Unfortunately for James,

0:29:570:29:59

this is the spider that needs moving into its new home today.

0:29:590:30:03

Fortunately for me, it's Kate who's going to help them.

0:30:030:30:06

I have been hearing a lot about the infamous creature that lives

0:30:060:30:10

inside this tub. Can I meet her?

0:30:100:30:12

-Of course you can.

-Let's have a look.

0:30:120:30:15

So, this is the largest species of baboon spider found in Africa.

0:30:170:30:22

So they get to approximately a sort of eight-inch leg span.

0:30:220:30:27

-They are monstrous.

-You don't really want one of those in your bed,

0:30:270:30:30

-do you?

-Not in your bed.

0:30:300:30:32

No.

0:30:320:30:33

So what is your plan with this spider today?

0:30:330:30:36

So the plan today is to...

0:30:360:30:40

..move her from this tank...

0:30:410:30:43

-Right.

-..into this lovely new one.

0:30:430:30:45

OK. Well, that sounds fairly simple.

0:30:450:30:46

Can you just sort of tip her in?

0:30:460:30:49

Sadly not. No.

0:30:490:30:50

She is most likely going to kick up quite a large stink.

0:30:500:30:55

How are you going to persuade her out of the burrow and into that tank?

0:30:550:30:58

So I have a few pieces of equipment here.

0:30:580:31:01

I have the catching device.

0:31:010:31:03

-Right.

-And I have the "gently move on" device...

0:31:030:31:07

OK. OK.

0:31:070:31:08

What do I need to do?

0:31:080:31:10

Sort of just stand back and admire?

0:31:100:31:12

-Potentially. That may be the best of options.

-OK.

0:31:120:31:17

-OK.

-So we're just going to gently persuade her out.

0:31:170:31:21

Out you come.

0:31:240:31:26

There we go.

0:31:260:31:27

-Well, she's doing quite well.

-I was going to say,

0:31:290:31:31

you've obviously got a very persuasive technique with your...

0:31:310:31:36

With your giant tweezers.

0:31:360:31:38

She's getting antsy now.

0:31:380:31:39

Oh, she's just beautiful, though!

0:31:390:31:42

Come on, poppet.

0:31:420:31:43

There we go. You're fine. She is a lovely, lovely spider, really.

0:31:430:31:47

Like, this is a lot better than I expected, to be honest.

0:31:490:31:52

I think it's having a bit of a female influence in there, James.

0:31:520:31:55

I think that's what it is. We're doing a little bit of girlie bonding.

0:31:550:31:58

-A calming effect there.

-Yeah.

0:31:580:32:00

-But no, that...

-Look at that!

0:32:000:32:02

You're a genius.

0:32:020:32:03

This is so much better than I thought it would be.

0:32:030:32:05

I thought that, you know, we might have to wrestle it.

0:32:050:32:08

But no, that was perfect.

0:32:080:32:10

That was beautifully, beautifully done.

0:32:100:32:13

Now, you see, could I hold her like that?

0:32:130:32:15

-Of course.

-There, I feel safe.

0:32:150:32:17

Brilliant! So is it time to put her in her new tank?

0:32:190:32:23

It is, indeed. So, they are from grasslands originally,

0:32:230:32:28

so this is going to be...

0:32:280:32:29

And is the idea now that she'll be able to go on display

0:32:310:32:34

to the public in this tank?

0:32:340:32:36

Yes.

0:32:360:32:37

Well, I think she rather likes her new enclosure.

0:32:370:32:40

I'm very, very happy with how that move went.

0:32:400:32:43

It couldn't have been smoother.

0:32:430:32:44

Not really. No.

0:32:440:32:46

As I say, you're a smooth talker, James.

0:32:460:32:47

-I've actually trained her.

-Well, it was lovely to meet you.

0:32:470:32:50

Very good luck and thank you, James, for introducing me

0:32:500:32:54

to the world's most feisty spider.

0:32:540:32:56

My absolute pleasure!

0:32:560:32:57

Feeding the 140 macaque monkeys here

0:33:070:33:10

is a relatively straightforward process.

0:33:100:33:12

You just scatter the food.

0:33:120:33:14

Here you go! Come and get it.

0:33:140:33:16

Then Phil, the troop leader, comes in,

0:33:170:33:19

to take his share before the other monkeys join in.

0:33:190:33:22

But there's another primate

0:33:220:33:24

that requires a little bit more precision with its mealtime.

0:33:240:33:28

These are Longleat's family of marmosets.

0:33:310:33:34

In the wild, their favourite food is tree sap,

0:33:340:33:37

which they get by chewing holes in trees

0:33:370:33:40

with their specially-adapted teeth.

0:33:400:33:42

So how on earth can keepers recreate this behaviour in captivity?

0:33:430:33:48

Well, Nick is carefully crafting some new feeding devices.

0:33:480:33:52

Jean has come to find out

0:33:540:33:56

what the monkeys make of the gum logs on their very first outing.

0:33:560:33:59

So we've put some marmoset gum in here.

0:34:010:34:03

This is marmoset gum. So it works as a replacement for the tree sap

0:34:030:34:06

they would naturally eat in the wild. And basically we've got some holes in to encourage them

0:34:060:34:09

-and we're going to fill it with gum.

-OK, let me put some in here.

0:34:090:34:12

So what are you hoping to see when the marmosets see this gum?

0:34:120:34:16

What we hope for them to do... We've got some big holes - hopefully they'll just go straight for it.

0:34:160:34:19

It's a nice easy reward for coming to the round here.

0:34:190:34:22

But they've got the holes here, the little holes,

0:34:220:34:23

you want them to be able to exclude and dig through the wood.

0:34:230:34:26

Again, marmosets have a natural comb sort of teeth.

0:34:260:34:28

Their incisors and canines are all the same size,

0:34:280:34:30

it allows them to gouge at wood in order to get the extra out of trees.

0:34:300:34:33

This looks nice and gooey.

0:34:330:34:34

So let's put it out for them. Let's see if they go for it.

0:34:340:34:37

-Find a nice flat place for them to land on.

-Over you come.

0:34:370:34:39

-So I'm looking for some quite distinctive teeth in here.

-Yeah, you see with these round ones,

0:34:390:34:44

they should go straight for it, doing the tongue action as well.

0:34:440:34:47

They have a slightly extended tongue, which is for taking sap out when they gouge holes in trees.

0:34:470:34:50

And they're eating together - is that how they eat in the wild?

0:34:500:34:53

Yeah. It's a family troop and they will all forage together, find

0:34:530:34:56

a big tree and just crowd around it when they get the sap going.

0:34:560:34:58

Now, they're really distinctive-looking animals - tell me a bit about where they're from.

0:34:580:35:02

Common marmoset are from Brazil.

0:35:020:35:04

These guys are renowned by their white tufts.

0:35:040:35:07

And they've really cleared all that out super-fast.

0:35:070:35:09

Yeah, they have. It did not take them very long, again.

0:35:090:35:12

We saw nice easy pods to start, get them going.

0:35:120:35:14

It's the small ones now, and they'll slowly start to gouge through to get the last little bits out.

0:35:140:35:18

That's again where we really will see their natural behaviour.

0:35:180:35:21

And they've got little claws as well?

0:35:210:35:23

They actually have nails.

0:35:230:35:24

-Ah!

-They're nails - the marmosets are very similar to us.

0:35:240:35:27

Again, ends in a finger to a nail.

0:35:270:35:29

-Now, they're very fast, quite jumpy around here?

-Yeah, again, unlike the other primates,

0:35:290:35:33

they are more prey species. They are lower down the food chain in South America.

0:35:330:35:36

-So again, they have to be quick.

-And who would be their enemies? Who would prey on them?

0:35:360:35:40

These guys - raptors. There's also lots of snake species, as well,

0:35:400:35:44

will actually hunt them down.

0:35:440:35:46

Well, they've really enjoyed this treat that you've put out for them today

0:35:460:35:49

and I'm glad we got to see them using those amazing teeth and their little tongues.

0:35:490:35:52

-Yeah.

-Really sipping out that sap as well.

0:35:520:35:55

So I think this went well, Nick.

0:35:550:35:57

I think it did. Excellent.

0:35:570:35:59

Enrichment is used for many different reasons all over the park.

0:36:060:36:10

But it's rarely been more important than today at the cheetah enclosure.

0:36:100:36:15

Since visitors have been driving through,

0:36:150:36:17

the cheetahs have been running into the road, getting close to the cars,

0:36:170:36:21

so something has to be done.

0:36:210:36:23

Big cat keeper Caleb is experimenting with scented bags,

0:36:250:36:29

hoping they might distract the cheetah cubs away from danger.

0:36:290:36:33

From experience, I know that most of the cats like lavender,

0:36:330:36:36

so it's always a good smell.

0:36:360:36:37

It tends to have a calming effect on the cats as well.

0:36:370:36:40

So they tend to roll over on it and it tends to relax them a little bit.

0:36:400:36:43

Catnip, as well, provokes a reaction from the cats.

0:36:430:36:46

Some cats are indifferent to it.

0:36:460:36:48

Some cats relax around it and others get super excited by it.

0:36:480:36:51

A prey species... Urine, as well, always excites cats and tends to get

0:36:510:36:56

them into sort of hunting mode, so just see which one they prefer.

0:36:560:36:59

Caleb's hoping his range of perfumes will do the trick.

0:37:030:37:08

When we're really busy, it's really good to be able to focus the cat's attention. So hopefully Wilma

0:37:080:37:13

and cubs we can keep in one spot or we can keep them away from a gate or something,

0:37:130:37:16

so we can open it to let the traffic through.

0:37:160:37:19

Hello, little ones!

0:37:190:37:21

We've got a new toy for you today, Poppy.

0:37:210:37:23

Caleb has used scent bags with other big cats before,

0:37:240:37:28

but it's the first time he's tried it out with the cheetahs.

0:37:280:37:31

It's really exciting to see what they're going to do and just to see

0:37:310:37:34

how useful it could be for us as well. It's super exciting!

0:37:340:37:37

As the cars enter the enclosure,

0:37:380:37:40

Caleb is ready to get his smelly test under way.

0:37:400:37:44

You can let them go when you're ready.

0:37:450:37:47

So the cubs are coming out. I wonder which one they'll go for.

0:37:500:37:54

The cubs seem interested in catnip, it seems, and Wilma's sniffing

0:37:540:37:58

the hoof-stock-wee bag.

0:37:580:38:00

The donkey urine is first to get more than a sniff.

0:38:000:38:04

I think they think there's something in there that either they can eat

0:38:040:38:07

or they can hunt or play with, getting their claws stuck in

0:38:070:38:09

and they're sort of having a mini tug-of-war.

0:38:090:38:12

So far, so good.

0:38:120:38:14

The scent bags seem to be stopping the cubs

0:38:140:38:17

darting into the road today.

0:38:170:38:18

Winston, he's got the lavender bag.

0:38:180:38:21

He's actually smelling it. So it is serving its purpose.

0:38:210:38:23

You can see him almost wanting to roll under it.

0:38:230:38:25

So I think he's actually quite liking the lavender.

0:38:250:38:28

As more cars and even a coach flow through the enclosure,

0:38:280:38:32

lavender is still holding the cub's attention.

0:38:320:38:35

The lavender bag is a really good distraction for the cubs.

0:38:350:38:38

They're both focused around it now.

0:38:380:38:40

And they're both interacting with the bag.

0:38:400:38:42

They're sort of playing with it and lying down next to it.

0:38:420:38:45

So it's probably the bag that's giving them the most distraction

0:38:450:38:48

at the moment.

0:38:480:38:49

Hoof stock distracts them but it does get them very excited as well.

0:38:520:38:55

So I think that bag may cause them to get more excited because they

0:38:550:38:58

think they can eat it. Or they can... You know, there's something there to hunt.

0:38:580:39:01

What they're doing is biting the bag and trying to scratch it

0:39:010:39:04

with their back legs to get it open.

0:39:040:39:05

So that is a signal that they're thinking it's alive a little bit.

0:39:050:39:08

In the wild, this would be the age where Mum might bring something back

0:39:080:39:11

that's partially wounded, for them to sort of figure out if they could

0:39:110:39:14

kill it or not, something small.

0:39:140:39:16

And over the next couple of months they'd just try and sort of learn

0:39:160:39:19

how to cope with prey and start hunting themselves.

0:39:190:39:21

So they're just developing those skills that they'd need to survive

0:39:210:39:24

in the wild.

0:39:240:39:26

But it doesn't take them long to get drawn back to the cars.

0:39:260:39:30

One of the cubs is just starting to see its own reflection,

0:39:310:39:34

so that's another problem we have with them.

0:39:340:39:37

That's a real success though cos the cub saw its own reflection

0:39:400:39:43

and then realised that the bag was still there

0:39:430:39:45

and went straight back to the hoof-stock-urine bag.

0:39:450:39:48

So even if it just can distract them back away from the traffic,

0:39:480:39:51

if they go near them, it's done its job.

0:39:510:39:53

So I think as they get older,

0:39:530:39:55

I think the cubs will start to learn that they don't need to run through

0:39:550:39:58

the road and they'll start changing the way they do hunt things.

0:39:580:40:02

They've got a sort of a boundless energy at the moment.

0:40:020:40:05

Then Winston suddenly speeds out into the road.

0:40:050:40:08

Whoa...

0:40:080:40:09

God!

0:40:100:40:12

That was close.

0:40:140:40:15

The scent bags have helped, but the keepers must hold their nerve,

0:40:150:40:18

rely on their joint experience,

0:40:180:40:21

and, of course, Mum.

0:40:210:40:23

It's definitely working to a certain extent and we just have to rely on

0:40:230:40:26

Wilma looking after them and, you know,

0:40:260:40:28

calling them back from the road, hopefully.

0:40:280:40:30

We've come up to the cheetah house to see Amy,

0:40:390:40:42

who I'm very pleased to say is...

0:40:420:40:43

You're still alive, Amy.

0:40:450:40:46

I'm very pleased to say these two are still alive.

0:40:460:40:49

My goodness,

0:40:490:40:50

they must have made your heart race over the last few days and weeks.

0:40:500:40:53

It's been very stressful. Obviously the first time they've been going out, but they've grown up so well.

0:40:530:40:57

Yes, we've still got them and they're doing really well.

0:40:570:41:00

Look how they've grown!

0:41:000:41:01

-Amazing, isn't it?

-So who've we got?

0:41:010:41:04

-Which one's Poppy?

-So we've got Winston here on the left and Poppy's

0:41:040:41:07

-on the right.

-How do you tell them apart?

0:41:070:41:09

The tail is the easiest way to tell them apart.

0:41:090:41:11

So you can see, Winston's got really defined rings on his tail.

0:41:110:41:13

And Poppy's more sort of blocks, rather than defined.

0:41:130:41:16

Oh, look, suddenly you're popular, Kate.

0:41:160:41:18

I know. I'm not sure you two little monsters deserve this,

0:41:180:41:22

having put Amy through so much worry.

0:41:220:41:25

Now, often when we've been here,

0:41:250:41:28

we've thought that events could be more dramatic than they actually

0:41:280:41:32

turn out. But this was perhaps even more dramatic

0:41:320:41:35

than any of us expected.

0:41:350:41:37

It was very dramatic. It's such a surprise to us.

0:41:370:41:39

But we've had to learn, very quickly learn,

0:41:390:41:42

how to look after cheetah cubs and also how to get them out into

0:41:420:41:46

the park and get them used to the traffic and everything.

0:41:460:41:48

So it's been a massive learning experience for us as well.

0:41:480:41:51

Cos there's nothing in the textbooks, is there, to tell you how to do this?

0:41:510:41:54

Not at all. So, no, it's literally just learning day by day.

0:41:540:41:58

But we've been very successful and really pleased

0:41:580:42:00

-with how everything's gone.

-Who's the naughtier?

0:42:000:42:03

That's a very difficult thing to...

0:42:030:42:05

They take it in turns?

0:42:050:42:07

Do they?

0:42:070:42:09

Well, you little monsters, you two...

0:42:090:42:12

Oh, it's coming. Remember to be a little bit traffic-aware

0:42:140:42:17

because you're very, very special.

0:42:170:42:19

It's always a treat to see them.

0:42:190:42:21

Thank you so much, Amy.

0:42:210:42:22

We hope that they continue to get a little bit more traffic-savvy.

0:42:220:42:25

Sadly, that's all we've got time for today.

0:42:250:42:28

But here's what's coming up on the next Animal Park.

0:42:280:42:30

CHEETAH WHINES

0:42:300:42:31

Yes, I'm coming.

0:42:310:42:32

Kaiser, the poorly giraffe, has everyone worried.

0:42:320:42:36

He's probably one of the most popular characters

0:42:360:42:38

in our group of giraffes - it's really hurting everyone.

0:42:380:42:42

Jean's with the anteaters,

0:42:420:42:43

but there's no holding back once they hit the bottle.

0:42:430:42:46

She's going to lick it clean, I think.

0:42:460:42:48

Maybe baby...

0:42:480:42:51

Could it be the patter of panda feet?

0:42:510:42:53

It really is just guesswork. So it could be any day.

0:42:530:42:56

-Nest-cam is set.

-I particularly do get quite excited when it's breeding season.

0:42:560:42:59

But who's in the egg?

0:42:590:43:01

As summer continues, keepers attempt to keep the rhinos cool by encouraging them into a mud bath, but what do you do if a two-ton rhino doesn't want to get in?

Two of the world's largest and most lethal species of tarantula arrive at the park, and Jean Johansson attempts to settle a feud between a group of feisty lionesses.

And all eyes are on the Cheetah Territory drive-through because the two precious cubs are finally going to come face to face with visitors' cars - how will they react, and will the keepers have quick enough reactions to keep the fastest cats on the planet safe from harm?


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