24/02/2014 Look East - West


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Hello and welcome to Look East as we begin a week's worth of programmes


looking at the impact World War One had in this region. And we're


starting in the trenches. This is a film set on the outskirts of


Ipswich. And these trenches have been used in countless dramas `


everything from The Last Tommy to Downton Abbey. Our theme


Tonight, our themed is the war at home. We will be looki I talkin


Tonight, our themed is the war at talking to a modern`day soldier All


of that later in the programme but first a round`up of the news from


your part of the region. Thousands of jobs promised to


Peterborough has a ?130 million business plan gets the go`ahead


Fighting to save jobs in Corby, 900 at risk at Solway Foods, with cuts


described as inevitable. And rail passengers give their verdict on the


new trains heading their way. Hello. First to Peterborough, and a


plan to bring ?130 million worth of business investment to the city It


comes with the promise of hundreds of jobs and growth. Peterborough


already has one of the fastest growing private sectors in country


with almost 4,000 jobs created in one year thanks to new business


Just today a new distribution park opened which could lead to a further


8,000 jobs. Mike Cartwright reports. Finished and ready for the first


company to move on. A parcel delivery business. When its conveyor


belt is up and running, more than 50 people will work here stop it is a


hotspot. We run a model that tells us where growth will be. It is


double`digit growth as a company. Peterborough is a hotspot that we


recognise. That is why we have decided to invest here. This is the


first warehouse on a 240 acre distribution park. Peterborough is


home to one of the fastest`growing private sectors in the country, a


city soon to see more private investment. ?130 million worth.


Money held in an account overseas, opened by the council. They are a


mix of investors, sovereign funds and high wealth individuals. And


will be pension funds. It is a different way of doing things. In


reality, the council historically relied on government funding to


unlock development and that is no longer there so we have to work in a


different way. Money from the overseas fund will be used to buy


council property dotted around the city. On it will be built houses and


businesses which the council say will generate wealth. But some are


concerned about who may invest in the city. It is about being able to


see where the investment is coming from the gods as a local authority,


we must bear in mind that we need to be principled and we need to have


ethics. We need to make sure that we get money from sources that are


sound. They say that Peterborough is open for business. A city attracting


big investment from home and abroad. And with that, the promise of many


many more jobs. Meanwhile in Corby, 900 jobs are at


risk at Solway Foods with losses now described as 'inevitable'. The


company is one of the town's biggest employers, with a large factory


making salad products for supermarkets. A few weeks ago it


announced it was considering closing the site because it would be too


expensive to update it. Plans to sell it are also being considered. A


task force to save jobs has been set up and earlier I spoke to the


chairman and asked if all 900 jobs can be saved.


New trains for the region's busiest commuter routes have been unveiled


to passengers. I do not believe that they can be


saved. Because the company are losing money and they are having a


lot of difficulties. In the thing that would love to see is Solway


running a different premises, for more efficiently, and making profits


so that they are therefore they are there for the long term. How many


jobs that involves, I do not know. Certainly a substantial number. What


are the financial incentives that the task force is giving to Solway


two we hope that by the end of the week we will have had a chance to


see the options that they are considering. And we will have had a


chance to see what we can possibly offer, so that by next week, we can


be talking to them again. As you say, even if Solway are persuaded to


stay, some jobs are going to go How much of a blow will that be for a


town like Corby? It is enormous It is easy to be clever about it but


for anyone, if they lose their job, it is a major thing. Sadly, there is


no way of avoiding job losses. I don't Excel and should not be


pre`empting. I'd think it would be unfair to say that there was. `` I


don't think so. New trains for the region's busiest commuter routes


have been unveiled today. The promise less crowding, faster


journey times and more destinations. But we will have to wait a few years


until they are in service. Travelling by train can be a tight


squeeze. There are more passengers than ever before. But help could be


at hand. In Cambridge, they recently had a revamp to accommodate trains


with 12 carriages. And in three years time, the majority of fast and


semi`fast services to King's Cross will be made up of a dozen


carriages. And that is not all. More than 100 of these new electric


trains are being built, with more space, Clomid control, digital


displays and baby changing areas. There is more space at floor level.


2017, they are coming in. A bit of a wait. But it is worth waiting for,


it looks like. What is the timetable? The new trains will run


on the Bedford to Brighton line in 2016. The following year, they will


be on the Peterborough to King's Cross route and in 2018, we will see


direct services across London. That means you could travel straight


through with your luggage to Heathrow, and perhaps even Gatwick.


It will do an enormous amount to decrease overcrowding. The programme


is geared up to address the levels of crowding on the route. That


capacity is much needed. But if you are heading to King's Cross, the new


trains will run alongside the existing stock, so you are not


guaranteed to catch one. Major roadworks are due to start as


part of a ?30 million scheme. The roundabout at junction ten is being


replaced by a three lane carriageway, linking the motorway to


the airport. It means the junction will be closed overnight for several


nights from March fourth. But lane restrictions will be in place for a


further 18 months. A pioneering project in


Cambridgeshire is helping doctors to save more lives in emergencies. The


scheme means patients can be given specialist treatment at the scene of


an accident before they reach hospital. It's been so successful,


similar training is now being rolled out in other parts of the country.


And you can see what happened when David Whitely joined the doctors on


tonight's Inside Out. That's at 7.30pm on BBC One.


Onto sport, and Cambridge United are the latest team from Cambridgeshire


to book their place in a Wembley final. The U's will face Gosport


Borough in the FA trophy. It follows Peterborough's road to Wembley in


the final of the Johnstones Paint Trophy. Here's Jonathan Park.


Cambridge United? They will be on sale on Friday. Cup finals are few


and far between at Cambridge United so fans were keen to get orders in


for Wembley tickets. For the supporters, this is why you do it.


It is financially a little boost, but to me, it is about the players


and supporters. And this is what we strive for. It has been 45 years


since Cambridge United won a cup final. Saturday's semifinal win


means that they are 90 minutes away from updating the board. It means a


lot to the fans of Cambridge United. Obviously, 1969 was the last time we


won a cup. Cambridge will earn ?50,000 if they beat Gosforth aura


next month. `` Gosport Borough. Victory will create one problem


where to put the silverware. The club sold the trophy cabinet on


eBay. It might have been a joke but it went up to ?1.5 million. In the


end, Luton bolted for the youth academy for ?750. There is no no


trophy cabinet but there will be one in the next month to put the trophy


in. The month of March is all about Wembley. Joining the are


Peterborough. And it might be for more than once with play`offs a


strong possibility for blue and yellow hearts of Kim Butcher.


In rugby union, Northampton's incredible run continues with their


eleventh straight win. Saints beat Newcastle 22`16 in the Premiership


yesterday to remain top of the table. They scored three first half


tries including this spectacular effort from Tom Stephenson.


A competition to design a flag for Northamptonshire is down to its


final four designs as chosen by a panel of judges. A public vote for


the final winner has now begun. latest pictures from under the North


Sea, of Europe's longest chalk reef. Now it's time to go back to Stewart


who's on a World War One film set on the outskirts of Ipswich.


Welcome back to the Trench Farm film set in Suffolk. We're here to mark


100 years since the War. There is a periscope here. Water in a petrol


can... Corned beef! Bullets as well, for the rifles. It was very cold


down here. They would spend virtually the whole day here. But


there was a new kind of warfare. And a new word too. The Zeppelin. On a


foggy night in January 1915, people in Great Yarmouth were transfixed by


an eerie noise above. A terrifying, new style of attack was about to be


unleashed by aerial invaders. People would stupidly come out of their


houses and say 'look, it's the Zeppelin!' All of those people would


be standing in their doorways when they threw the bombs out of the side


of the gondola. Three bomb were released, doing little damage, but


then a fourth one exploded, killing two people ` Martha Taylor and


Samuel Smith. Gladys and Katherine were young girls at the time. ``


Kathleen. The window was coming in. My mother was thrown onto the couch.


Mr Smith was killed. Ms Taylor too. They were killed, yes. This plaque


marks the spot of the first aerial bombardment on Britain. They may not


have done much physical damage but the Zeppelins were very effective


weapons of terror. Local press called them aerial babykillers, sent


over by blood`mad fiends. At a high altitude, the Zeppelins were safely


out of range but British pilots soon had shells which could bring down


the giant airships. In Autumn 1916, L33 was shot down in Essex. The


German crew scrambled free and were soon made to surrender. This man saw


it all. They passed the gate. There was a Special Constable who met them


in the next village. He took them in hand. In St. Peter's Church in


Suffolk, another souvenir of another downed Zeppelin ` L48. This woman


helped maintain the memories of those who witnessed the event and


the 16 Germans who perished. It burnt up quickly. There was just the


skeleton left. People for miles around saw it burning. Lots of


souvenir hunters! I think they tried to keep a lot of that away. The


local militia sorted it out, to keep people away! In four long years, as


a weapon of war the Zeppelin had failed, but as a weapon of terror it


made a lasting, local impression. I told you this was a film set. It's


a big place! Earlier today, when the sun was up, I looked at the other


parts. As you can see, they've got everything here for the modern film


set, looking back at the First World War ` about 200 metres of trenches.


This is what it would have been like in the early years, with water in


the bottom. Some of the soldiers got something called 'trench foot',


caused by standing in damp water. They'd been here for about ten


years. This is one of the trenches. Where we are tonight... You can see


people getting ready. You will have seen these in shows like Downtown


Abbey and many other programmes. There's everything here but it shows


you what life was like for the soldiers working in the trenches day


in, day out. These trenches are the brainchild of


one man ` Taff Gillingham. An expert on World War One. You're an expert.


How long did they spend here? They were all ages. People who were too


old as well as young lads. It depended on where you were. In some


places, only for a day. In other areas... Maybe a week or ten days.


It depended on the situation. In the other trench it was wet! The


soldiers were suffering? Trench foot was a real problem. They were


waterlogged. There were problems with drainage. They found a way to


fight nature. They also, about trench foot, made it the officer's


problem! This is very much a built trench. Some felt dug, in contrast.


Yes. They were built in different ways. German ones were built for


permanence. To the Allies, it was temporary. Thank you for having us.


It's been fascinating! Away from the trenches we're going


to be looking at how life changed for ordinary people during the First


World War. Tonight we're going to set the scene. What did the East


look like 100 years ago? This report is from our chief reporter Kim


Riley. In the picture files he doesn't have a name ` billed as a


typical Norfolk labourer. The year is 1912. He was one of over 200,000


farm workers across the region. At the Gressenhall farm and workhouse,


they've turned back the clock to those tough times. Male life


expectancy was 52 and wages for farm workers were around ?50 a year. Work


was seasonal and employment was casual. For some it was a life of


grinding poverty and eventually the stigma of becoming an inmate at the


local workhouse. The years of childhood were brief. Going to


school had only been made compulsory in the 1880s. There could be up to


60 children in a class. This is a typical classroom of the time. It


was compulsory for children to go to school up to the age of 12, but


there were many ten`year`olds who actually had jobs. It was very


unusual for many children to go on to secondary school. Few homes had


electricity and many had no piped water or fixed bath. Even going


through the motions of doing the laundry... Lighting a fire to heat


the water, using a washing dolly to agitate the clothes... Putting them


through a mangle and pegging on the line... It's a world away from


today's wash and spin cycles. In 1911, the world was just beginning


to become really petrol`fuelled. It's true cars were becoming common


in London, but in eastern England the bicycle held sway. With 4% of


the population owning 90% of the wealth, only 7% of people paid


income tax. Protestors from this region joined the suffragettes `


militants burned down the Bath Hotel in Felixstowe in April 1914.


Professor Jane Chapman, research associate at Wolfson College in


Cambridge, says there was still a clearly defined class structure.


Domestic service was the main employment for women but so much was


about to change. The First World War has a tremendous legacy. It really


was a turning point. Legacies we don't think about... Not just women,


but the beginning of the modern world ` the 21st century as we know


and understand it now. `` 20th. Women played a vital role in the war


effort. Children, too. Here they are, lining up to help out on the


land. Patriotism, and a belief the war would soon be won, brought men


rushing to join our county regiments. But for many, the reality


was terrible losses amidst the horror of life in the trenches.


Major Dave Walker is a soldier with Seven Para RHA. He's served in both


Iraq and Afghanistan. Trench warfare ` it's traditional. How much


relevance is there now? You'd be surprised. An awful lot has changed


but the human experience... You could transplant a soldier from 1916


and it's not that different. Trenches are still used in training.


It's not something we've experienced in Afghanistan. But in 2003, in


Iraq, I was sat in a bunker. I saw Marines stood in trenches. I think


the effects are the same. Knowing the lifeline is there, with friends


at home is a good coping mechanism. The opposite side is that that can


bring anxieties of its own. Technology has improved, and


improved those links. Afghanistan has good infrastructure. My soldiers


still discovered the art of letter writing. The big difference is they


virtually knew the people they were fighting. You rarely get up close


and personal. Rarely. But you are in and among the people. The proximity


is there, in a different context. Thank you. And tomorrow on Look East


we'll be reporting on how the shoemaking industry of


Northamptonshire rallied to help. That's World War One At Home,


tomorrow night on Look East. And there are many more stories


online.And tomorrow on Look Time for the weather now. Over to


Julie, back in the studio. Temperatures have


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