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In tonight's programme: The fight against firearms.
Thames Valley Police deal with three gun crimes every week.
We'll hear claims that growing numbers of children are getting
Also: Given ketamine to treat depression.
Why doctors in Oxford want the drug, that's used as a horse tranquiliser,
Thames Valley Police has to deal with at least three crimes
A BBC investigation has revealed that between January and October
last year "firearms" were involved in 158 crimes.
A former gang member, who set up a charity to help young
people away from gangs, claims children as young as ten
The latest weekly haul of guns seized by, or surrendered to,
Around 2,000 weapons come to this armoury each year but,
despite all of them being destroyed, police have still had to deal
with more than 1,000 gun crimes since 2011.
This investigation took into account all crimes
in which a gun was present, regardless of whether
The most commonly used weapons were this, a rifle, a shot gun,
however the biggest problem for Thames Valley Police
are the moment are these, BB guns or replicas which,
as you can see, look a lot like the real thing.
Certainly in recent times we have had some good successes
when targeting serious and organised criminality and we have managed
to seize not only automatic weapons but also ammunition for those
So to take those off the streets is saving lives.
In the year ending March 2016 there were almost 8,400 firearm
This figure is significantly lower than knife crimes,
which saw 20,000 more incidents for same period.
Gun crime makes up a small proportion of overall crime,
So how does Thames Valley compare nationally?
It is way below the national average.
I think it was about four gun crimes per 100,000 population.
That is the scale we are talking about in Thames Valley compared
There may be pockets in Thames Valley where
And it's these pockets causing concern.
In 2007 charity Gangsline was launched to discuss
The man behind it is former gang member Sheldon Thomas.
You've got to understand where we are talking
about the Thames Valley, everywhere has a gangs problem,
and we have to stop using geography as trying to,
well, they've got the problem there, we haven't got the problem.
I was not able to hold a gun until I was about,
These guys can get guns now at ten, 11, 12.
That is the reason why I say that it is worse now
than it was when I was around about 20 years ago.
In a response to serious and organised crime
Thames Valley Police have now launched Stronghold,
a scheme encouraging residents to take ownership of their local
Police say they're extremely concerned for a missing
Emily Henslowe from Highworth was last seen leaving
for Warneford school this morning but she never arrived.
Officers along with search and rescue crews and the helicopter
An inquest has opened into the death of a five-year-old boy found dead
Police launched a murder investigation after the body
of Tyler Warmington was found at Bromsgrove Cottages.
A 40-year-old woman arrested on suspicion of murder was released
The inquest is due to resume in July.
Could taking ketamine help treat severe depression?
The drug is known as a horse tranquiliser.
It's also taken by some people as a party drug although it's
Now a study in Oxford has found ketamine has helped some people
who haven't responded to other treatments for depression.
There's a call for it to be prescribed more widely in the NHS.
This is the best she has felt in seven years.
Depression and anorexia took their toll but taking part
in this NHS drug trial has stopped her from feeling
as if she is drowning in her own thoughts.
I can take my kids to their friends' birthday parties, go on the odd play
date every now and then, actually be present in my kids'
lives, which is the most important thing to me.
Helen is among the first patients to have this experimental treatment.
Doctors can prescribe ketamine as a licensed drug.
All the patients in this trial had moderate or severe depression
and other treatment had failed but 42 of the 101 patients felt much
The doctors in Oxford hope other hospitals will take
up their approach and contribute to a central register
so side-effects can be monitored, but the Royal College
of Psychiatrists is urging caution, saying there
are still significant gaps in our knowledge about ketamine.
We still do not know what the most effective dose will be,
what the most effective dose regime will be, and we do not know
what the long-term potential harms of using ketamine are,
so I think we have to do more studies before
Patients in Oxford receive the drug through a drip in carefully
The doctors here believe thousands more people could benefit from this
treatment but they warned ketamine should only be taken under
Earlier I spoke to Dr Rupert McShane who has been leading the research
into the use of ketamine to treat depression.
I asked him why a drug used as a horse tranquiliser would help
It's actually also used as an anaesthetic.
It is the safest anaesthetic in the world, very widely used.
It is used in depression, probably because we have
We found that it works acutely but the real challenge
is to maintain the effect once that has started.
When you gave the drug to the patients you gave it
to them intravenously, which people might be surprised
So we used an infusion of about 40 minutes,
and people feel very peculiar when they are having the infusion,
but those side effects wear off within about five minutes of the end
And then they would come back to be topped up
So what we have been doing is just trying to see how we can
maintain that effect, and that does involve
For some people that means keeping on with ketamine.
For others, what we have found is that some people seem to do well
enough that they can stop the ketamine.
But the majority I have to say have not benefited from it.
But because we are treating a population that have
resistant depression, nothing else seemed to work,
What about the concerns raised by the Royal College
of Psychiatrists that you do not know enough about the long-term
We do not know all the long-term effects, and that is really
What we think we need to be doing is collecting
I think it is really important to understand that ketamine
is actually a licensed drug already and in the US what is
happening is that ketamine clinics are starting up,
so what we want to do is to actually monitor all the treatments that
are given in this country and also to harness the information
that we get from those treatments so that we can work out who to treat
Some people use ketamine recreationally, it is known
It is illegal to buy it on the streets.
How much concern is there about people who hear about this
research and may feel depressed and may try to self-medicate?
That would be a really silly thing to do.
It would be really silly because we have certainly known
of people who have tried doing that and it has
simply got out of control, and that is a real risk.
This is not the end of your research.
What we really want to do is get this registry sorted out
so that we can monitor all the treatments that
I think it would be helpful if there were a few other specialist
centres that were interested in taking it on.
Bicester library's been celebrating its first year
in its new home with a visit from children's
The new library's attracted 3,000 members since it opened last April.
As well as providing more space for books and public computers,
the library hosts regular children's activities, a local history group
You know, there are so many things going on that the library has had
to be very proactive in attracting people and doing modern
It is not a case of libraries being shh, quiet.
They are noisy exciting places and that is how
they should be and that is how they will attract people.
A young boy has raised more than ?30,000 for an Oxfordshire
charity, after a story about him and his support dog
13 year old Joel Sayer is autistic and says his world
changed when Caddie, who was trained by Dogs for Good,
Their friendship captured the hearts of the nation after they reached
the final of the Friends for Life competition at Crufts this year.
He's more than a friend, he's a guardian angel for me.
After people saw their inspirational story, Joel set about raising money
to give another child a friend for life, like he has in Caddie.
He's now raised enough to sponsor another dog through training.
At that time before we got Caddie, we had the diagnosis,
we had Joel as he was, but there was nobody listening
To think that someone else in that situation is going to get the light
at the end of the tunnel like we had with Caddie is fantastic.
Caddie came into Joel's life through the charity Dogs
They train dogs to support people with physical disabilities,
learning difficulties, and conditions such
For some of the children the social interaction,
particularly children with autism, is quite difficult and yet
dogs don't judge us in the same way as humans do.
So building a relationship with a dog is a much more
neutral focus for the child and through building that
relationship with the dog they learn other social skills they can take
Dogs can really give children the opportunity for children
And as their friendship continues to grow so does Joel's confidence.
It was eyes to the skies at one Abingdon school this afternoon.
Much to the delight of the pupils, parachutists from The Royal Logistic
Corps Silver Stars Display Team landed on the Larkmead
They'd taken off from nearby Dalton Barracks.
It was a chance for the army to meet the local community while carrying
The action from last night's Oxford United match is coming up.
With the rest of South Today, here's Allen Sinclair.
crimes for every 100,000 - that's below the
Joel Campbell is in Dorset for the launch of a new exhibition. We will
hear from some of those who fought in these tanks and others who found
themselves at the sight of the rest of the Tiger family.
A soldier who murdered his former girlfriend at her Bournemouth
home has been sentenced to life in prison.
Jay Nava, who's 27, will serve a minimum of 21 years behind bars.
He was found guilty of stabbing 26-year-old Natasha Wake 11 times
Academics from Portsmouth have looked for the first time at the
effect on social media of children running away from home. Around
140,000 under 18 go missing from the UK each year. A report says
publicity appeals trying to find them can remain online for years
leaving a negative aftermath difficult to shake off. It suggests
children need better protection from a digital footprint and possibly
asking old sites to remove stories. Bournemouth's unbeaten run is now
five games in the top flight. Tony, they are going great. I was a
bit worried about them a couple of months ago. Another valuable point
in the Premier league last night. Before kick-off...
Anfield remembered the 28th anniversary of the Hillsborough
were in front early on as Benik Afobe capitalised
on this error, Bournemouth had to show their character though,
Phillippe Coutinho levelled and then after half time, Divovk Orgi
But Eddie Howe's side dug deep and in form Joshua King grabbed
I thought we showed a really good mentality in the game.
I thought we defended excellently at times.
In the end I don't think anyone can argue we got the draw.
I was at St Mary's last night, where Southampton produced
an impressive second half display to end Crystal Palace's
but there was some new turf on the Saints penalty spot.
Palace took the lead with a fine goal from Christian Benteke
Palace complained vocally about the equaliser from Nathan Redmond
after an apparent push by Steven Davies on Wilf Zaha.
In a second half full of chances, Palace hit a post before
Maya Yoshida got the last touch to Redmond's cross.
Just a minute or so later, James Ward-Prowse competed a fine
move to seal a win which lifts Saints to 10th,
Where you aggrieved at the nature of Southampton's equaliser?
Assistant referee's totally out of order.
It is not nice going behind in the game but I
think it shows the character we have got in the dressing room and the way
the fans got behind us, you know, they really spurred us on.
Oxford's promotion hopes were damaged by defeat against Fleetwood
last night. But conceded the early goal. The visitors are now third and
went back in front through Ashley Eastern and scored a third goal late
in the game, as well. In a year's time we'll be
into the first few days of competition in the Commonwealth
Games. And two Bournemouth-based beach
volleyball players hope to be bidding for gold in the inaugural
staging of the sport at the Games. Jake Sheaf and Chris Gregory play
on the international circuit but missed the Olympics last year
when Chris was injured, so they're determined not to miss
out on another big event. Think of beach volleyball, think
Sun, sand and sea. In this case it is under a roof in Bournemouth. For
Jake and Chris it is training. This hard work should result in a place
in the England team at the Commonwealth Games were beach
volleyball makes its debut. It is huge for the sport. The Commonwealth
Games is highly recognised as an event in England. Everybody watches
it as they do the Olympic Games. Having beach volleyball there will
put it on the map a bit more. And hopefully bringing a medal home will
make the country proud of having a beach volleyball team. The pair
still work part-time to support their sporting endeavours, and being
a close partnership is not without challenges. We have clashes
sometimes. And I think when the dynamic is good if those naturally
and sometimes one thing outweighs the other but on the court, we share
captaincy sometimes, and depending on who is under pressure, somebody
will take the lead over the other. Aggressive. You had to adapt always
in situations in any type of sport and find a way to win. That is what
we try to do. Jake and Chris have a punishing schedule ahead. Up to 12
world tour events around the globe. They have to sustain their world
ranking to make sure they get their places at the Commonwealth Games. I
think we are going for gold. I don't think anything... We are going to
win the thing, those of our aspirations. We are going to be
working towards that. The Gold Coast will host 23 sports at the 21st
Commonwealth Games. These beach buddies could bring a slice of gold
home as well. Meanwhile on the first day
of the Grand National meeting at Aintree Dorset trained Cue Card
was edged out in the Grade One Bowl chase by Lizzie Kelly aboard
Tea for Two. The Colin Tizzard trained Cue Card,
with Paddy Brennan aboard made a desperate attempt to haul tea
for two in, but was Meanwhile Sam Sunderland has claimed
victory in the Abu Dhabi desert The motorcyclist, originally
from Poole triumphed after several First round of the US Masters golf,
it is going on right now. We featured Hampton and Scott Gregory.
Not a great day for the British amateur champion, six over on the
back nine. Justin Rose, former Hampshire player, one under early in
his round. Coverage on five live and BBC TV across the weekend. Thank
you, Tony. Now it was one of the most iconic
and terrifying weapons of the Second World War,
the German Tiger Tank. Today, a new exhibition
has opened in Dorset, featuring the fearsome fighting
machines, and the people To mark the event, four
veterans from that conflict, two German and two British,
had an extraordinary meeting. This is the Tiger Tank. One of the
most feared weapons of the Second World War and just beyond you can
see a collection of the relatives. The biggest gathering since the
conflict itself, as it were. Coming to the belly of the beast as it
were. Four inches of steel armour to keep the crusade. And this is the 88
millimetre gun which was guaranteed to strike fear into the hearts of
those who faced it. Today some of those who fought their war from
inside these cramped positions and some of them who were in their
sights, came together once more. It is wonderful we can meet like
this 70 years afterwards. Almost unbelievable, isn't it? Enemies no
more. The men here today no the Tiger Tank inside and out. He drove
one with the seventh Panzer division. Ernest fought against them
after D-Day. When we heard it on the radio, there was a tiger around, we
were scared. We knew what it could do. TRANSLATION: It was a very
impressive tank. Much more advanced than other designs. I was pleased to
operate it. It was the bees knees when it came to technology. Such was
the fear of the Tiger in Dorset, Britain developed a special version
of the American Sherman tank, squeezing in an extra powerful
British gun into the turret. Ken helped to accrue one of the
so-called Sherman firefly is. I was in action when one of the fireflys
knocked out three of these things in seven minutes. It was not a
one-sided story. The man in the Tiger Tank was still in danger.
TRANSLATION: Even in a tiger you always had fear for your life. You
felt vulnerable. Those who said they were not frightened were lying. The
Tiger still draws the crowds. For these men, who knew it on the
battlefield, it ties them together still. It was a secret guilt of
those who had been in the front line and therefore new when a man was
surrendering, you were probably responsible for doing to his
comrades what he had been doing to our comrades. TRANSLATION: It is a
shame we could not have this relationship before. We are all
comrades now. Everything else is forgotten. I am with David, the
curator at this museum. Was this such a fierce opponent as our own
commanders think it was? It was certainly impressive. A good thing
brought the British and the allies is that they never made that many of
these famous Tiger Tanks. They were too few to make a difference,
luckily. We know they were not perfect. Look behind us here. One of
the once you have got here for this show is actually effectively a
prototype of one of the versions which did not work at all, the
elephant here. They were notoriously unreliable. A lot of them broke
down. Not that many were made in the production runs. Thankfully, even
though they look big and impressive and with the audience everybody
knows they are called Tiger Tanks, fortunately for the Allies they do
not do that much damage on the Western front. We are so lucky of
course having a range of them here so everybody can see them and see
the idea. You can understand why the crews were frightened of them. The
chances of meeting one, honestly in wartime, fairly thin. Thank you,
David. These tanks will be here for the rest of the summer and beyond.
STUDIO: Thank you, Joe. He was in his element! A boyhood dream
realised. Alexis had joined us on the sofa. Lovely day again.
The good news is it is warming up for the weekend. Sunday potentially
the hottest day with a high are potentially 21, 20 two. Some unusual
weather photos. This was photographed by Chris in Winslow in
Buckinghamshire. A vertical shaft of light formed when sunlight reflects
from the services of ice crystals associated with high-level clouds
such as Cirrus. This was captured in Portsmouth by Maureen. Thank you.
And one more, in Weymouth, taken earlier today, this is the sun
pillar here. Clear skies overnight. Chilly temperatures courtesy of
clear skies and light wind. Temperatures falling away. In the
countryside we could get down to two Celsius, in towns and cities, those
of 7-9. First thing this morning, at Bournemouth airport, around 0.5
Celsius, similar first thing tomorrow morning, we could have. A
lot of sunshine on the tomorrow. Maybe cloudier than today.
Particularly further north and east. Generally in the sunshine
temperatures up to around 14, may be 15 and even 16 Celsius. Similar to
what we had today, especially for cell third spot. Wind light and
variable. Similar damages to deny. -- similar spots. Temperatures in
the countryside could get down to three or four Celsius. This is in
towns and cities. Over the weekend, drawing in warm air from the near
continent. We can see high-pressure starting to pull away towards the
east. That means we develop a southerly breeze. Fairly light in
the course of Saturday. Warm air moving in on Saturday afternoon. On
Saturday, ten bridges in the high teens in Celsius. On the coast with
sea breeze it will feel fresher. -- temperatures in the high teens.
Maybe 14 or 15 at best. Looking at the weekend as a whole, sunny
spells, Chile each morning and maybe a touch of frost each morning. Warm
on Sunday. Could go up to 21 or even 22 Celsius. Outlook for the rest of
the week and into the weekend and next week when it gets cooler.
Tomorrow, lots of sunshine, lovely conditions over the weekend, a high
of 21 Celsius on Sunday. A warm southerly breeze, fairly light,
bringing temperatures into the low 20s in Celsius. All changing next
week. A cold front moving in on Sunday night making conditions
fresher on Monday, back to the seasonal average. I do, a lot to
look forward to. You might remember at school you might have had a class
pet, gerbils, rabbits, perhaps. School pupils in Berkshire have been
looking after trout! It is part of a major project where schools were
given hundreds of trout by a conservation group. Tom Pett work
went to reading-macro to find out more. You remember what a brown
trout nest is called? -- reading-macro. A school of fish in a
tank in a classroom. -- Reading. Children took delivery of these eggs
in January. They are now ready to be released into the wild but the
journey has not been without jeopardy. All the trout was sucked
up into the filter. But some of them survived. How many do you have left?
Yesterday the teacher said we had 13. How many did you start with?
About 100. It is tougher in the wild. Just 5% of brown trout
survived more than one year. It is time to say goodbye to these fish,
one by one. Goodbye. Are you sad to see it go? Yes. What was the best
part about looking after them? Probably learning about them. Very
nice to see children that might not have visited a river or ever thought
what lives in it, nice to introduce them to something new. Maybe in
future with their parents and grandparents they will return to
that part of river. This tributary is now home to the Ridgeway brown
trout. After Easter the children are getting eels.
Wiping their trout on its way! It is time for us to say goodbye, as well.
The next news is here on BBC One at eight o'clock and more at 10.30. We
are back tomorrow. We hope you can join us again. Have a good evening.
Good night. Stacey and Chris are preparing for
marriage by spending a few days living alone with
their in-laws to be, and asking them all kinds of
questions. Did you get a kiss on
the first date? No. What does their in-laws' marriage
tell them about each other's I expect you'll want to become
a schoolmaster, sir. That's what most of the gentlemen
does that get sent down for indecent behaviour.
Evelyn Waugh's classic novel.