03/01/2012 World News Today


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This is BBC World News Today. The fight for justice that became a


defining moment in British race relations.


18 years after the black teenager, Stephen Lawrence, was killed in a


racist attack - Gary Dobson and David Norris are found guilty of


his murder. At the police done their job


properly, I would have spent the last 18 years grieving for my son,


rather than fighting to get his killers to court.


D-Day for Republican voters in the American state of Iowa as they


prepare to choose their candidate for the 2012 Presidential race.


Singer, percussionist, UNICEF ambassador and President? Youssou


N'Dour confirms he will stand in Senegal's Presidential elections


next month. Also coming up in the programme:


The lurking menace found in the office of Hong Kong's Chief


Executive. His brand new, multi- million dollar government building


is found to be contaminated with And St Trinian's creator and


internationally acclaimed cartoonist, Ronald Searle, dies at


Hello and welcome. There were tears and shouting at


the Old Bailey this afternoon as two men were found guilty of the


murder, 18 years ago, of the black teenager, Stephen Lawrence. Gary


Dobson and David Norris were convicted after a six-week trial


that hinged on new scientific evidence, in a landmark case that


exposed racism in the Metropolitan Police, and led to a change in the


law that allowed suspects to be tried twice for the same crime.


Both will be sentenced tomorrow, as Tom Symonds reports.


An unprovoked, a racist attack near a London bus stop. A young black


man fatally stabbed. A notorious unsolved murder. As the police


watched their suspects and public anger boiled over. A bereaved


family fought for justice. Today, after 18 years, they got it. His


mother, Doreen worked as a silent court heard the verdicts. She spoke


afterwards of her relief, but also her anger. How can I celebrate when


I know that this day could have come 18 years ago, if the police,


who were meant to find my son's killers, failed so miserably to do


so. This is not a reason to celebrate. We paid tribute to Mr &


Mrs Laurence's courage and dignity. They have contributed to major


changes in policing, the law and within society as a whole. Gary


Dobson is convicted of murder following the scrapping of the so-


called double jeopardy law. He had been acquitted in the 1990s. David


Norris had never been charged. Forensic scientists at this company


began what is called a Cold Case Review. Clothes are taken from


Stephen Laurence and the defendants were subjected to months of modern


forensic tests. Using this taping technique, clothing fibres were


collected from the garments and the bags they were in. On this


colourful jacket taken from Dobson's house and this cardigan,


fibres which matched Stephen's clothes. On these genes from


Maurice's House, a single her. significant finding was based small


stain on the back of a collar. Microscopic blood stain that


wouldn't have been apparent to the naked eye. That staying is on Gary


Dobson's jacket collar, whose blood is it? It indicated it came from


Stephen Laurence. Blood, fibres and her linked the two suspects to the


scene, to the victim, to the killing. Dobson denied knowing


David Norris, but despite these surveillance pictures, all the


suspects had to be released. Detectives tried fitting a covert


camera in Dobson's flat. They watched a group of friends and


Months turned into years. In 1995, Stephen's desperate parents tried


to prosecute three of the suspects themselves - the case collapsed.


The men refused to answer questions at the 1999 inquiry which run --


produced a report critical of the police. Even this latest


prosecution has taken four years. But the case remains open. Nine


people are still of interest. From the original five, two are guilty.


What of those that remain? Stephen Laurence is buried in Jamaica, his


mother still turns his grave. always a very sad time. As his


picture is beginning to wear out, I will have to get another one done.


It has been 18 years. But for him, the British justice system has now


finally delivered. Joining me now is the writer and


broadcaster, Darcus Howe. A long road to justice for the family.


What was your reaction? More importantly, when I heard he was


killed, I thought, there but for the grace of God go I. I have boys,


a couple of years younger and older than he was. That was the first


thing. To be concerned your son would be playing football all be


dead. It went through the black community. That was in 1983, 18


years later how has that changed attitudes? So much has altered in


the last 18 years hasn't it? and No 4 stock in the sense we


carried through enormous trouble to get these guys before the court. It


seemed to be over. His parents, they are my age, my generation and


they did it. That is important. you think the elements of racism


that existed in British society in 1983 has been changed for ever, as


a result of this murder? And the inquiries that followed? I would


like to say that, but it goes backwards and forwards. A few hours


ago a young students was walking near student when my daughter works


in the BBC and lost his head, for no apparent reason. Whether things


are improving or changing, then something like that happens.


Metropolitan Police, the inquiry deemed to be institutional racist.


These are issues being discussed across the Establishment? Yes it is.


Even in football? It goes back and forward all the time. In that sense,


sometimes you think, we are moving nicely along. Then something


enormous happens, like this the police being institutionally racist


in the Mac fierce an inquiry. That is accepted and we are working on


it. Then they say they are not institutional racist any more, and


we go backwards. The consequences that happen that produces change,


you don't begin to shake and tremble when these moments happen,


that one not happen again. Is that the legacy of his murder? It is the


legacy of his execution. I am very careful with my words. It was his


execution. It is for young people, young blacks, it is one thing. But


for us, his parents have lost a son. Their relationship crashed. She is


stuck with it. Only a couple of years ago she started a school in


his name and the most horrible racist graffiti was there. Coming


out of that school, some students have graduated and had started


working as architects, which is what Stephen Laurence wanted to do,


so some good has come out of that? It is fine by me, but to have the


graffiti, the abuse of the institution.


There are six candidates thought of the Iowa election. The BBC's Steve


Kingston is in Iowa. On the island eyes, a slow and


arduous struggle to move in the right direction. An image for many


here, sums up President Obama's America. I feel like he made a lot


of promises prior to the election that hasn't necessarily come to


fruition. We need a change in direction. We need somebody who


will get the economy moving and get some confidence built back up in


the people. This is a country where the mood of hope and change of four


years ago has given way to disappointment, even


disillusionment with Barack Obama. Which gives the Republicans a real


shot at the White House in 2012, if they can unite around a credible


candidate. The polls suggest this man, Mitt Romney as the broadest


appeal, the best chance of beating Barack Obama. And in a polling day


rally, he was already looking ahead to November. The President said he


wants to transform America. I don't want to transform America. I want


to restore the principles that made America. I want to make sure we


take those principles to the White House and get America working again.


More conservative Republicans are suspicious of Mitt Romney, they


think he is not one of them. Which explains the late surge in support


for Rick Santos Oram, a social conservative backed by evangelical


Christians. The other main challenger is Ron Paul, a plain-


speaking champion of small Government. For weeks, the


Republican rivals have been tearing each other apart. The attack and


its of brutal as they seek the tiniest advantage in a small state


that punches above its weight. is not first because it is


important. It is first. So this offers the first chance to see what


real life members of a particular political party think about their


candidates. The man whose job they covert, arrived at the White House


today after a Christmas break with family in Hawaii. He might not


admit it, but Barack Obama will have a close eye on Iowa.


Let's speak to someone from a think-tank. The polling for Rick


Santos Oram has jumped, but Iowa has a mixed record in picking


eventual winners? It is batting less than 500. In the last five


contested caucuses, only twice has the winner in Iowa gone on to be


the nominee. It is not a great percentage. It does not mean the


race is not important. It can exclude people and a poor showing


tonight means they don't have much longer on the trail. What is the


problem with Mitt Romney, it seems to be him against everyone else?


lot of the conservative wing of the Republican Party is not sold on


Mitt Romney. He was the governor of Massachusetts and has changed his


position on difference core principles. Voters are more


religious than in general, so that is why I think we are seeing this.


Mitt Romney gets about 25% a cannot seem to get more. Is his biggest


assets is that potentially he might be able to reach out to voters


outside the Republican Guard? is what he is arguing is his


biggest strength. If it comes down to electability, that is his


strongest argument. Even though the Republicans say they will break the


turnout record to nine, the turnout record is only 119,000 people. --


tonight. This is a small amount of dedicated individuals, who are more


concerned about Conservative values than necessarily political


considerations. It is a huge media focus on this, but this is nothing


more than a non-binding straw poll is it? No delegates will be sworn


up having to vote for candidates later on? That is correct. This


cannot Crown a winner but it can tell you who the losers are going


to beat. It mitt Romney comes in a distant third and suddenly


collapses, that electability argument takes a hit. If he


outperforms expectations, he's a La Paz or -- solidify has himself as


the prominent favourite. It is a quest for momentum. If the


Conservative Christian cannot win in Iowa, where can she win?


Now a look at some of the day's other news.


The authorities in Southern Sudan say more than 150 people have been


killed in the past few days in clashes in Jonglei State. Tens of


thousands more have fled into the countryside, due to the violence


between members of the Lou Nuer and Murle tribes.


Thousands of Nigerians are demonstrating against the removal


of fuel subsidies which has caused the price of petrol to soar. In


Lagos, protesters lit bonfires, blocked main roads and forced


petrol stations in the city to stop selling fuel. There were reports of


one person being killed in the west of the country.


The Taliban in Afghanistan say they have a preliminary agreement to


open a political office in Qatar or another Islamic country. They said


the move would help communication with the international community.


Last week, President Karzai said he would support the idea of a Qatar


office to strengthen a peace process.


The renowned musician and political activist Youssou N'dour has


announced that he will stand for President of Senegal in elections


next month. The singer said he was responding to requests to run


against the incumbent, Abdoulaye Wade, who intends to seek a third


term. Youssou N'dour has long been involved in humanitarian issues,


being a goodwill ambassador for the United Nations Children's Fund.


He is probably the best known Senegalese in the world, and he


could be about to get even more famous. International musical star


and UNICEF ambassador Youssou N'dour has confirmed he will stand


in Senegal's presidential election next month. He made the


announcement on his own television station, saying Senegalese people


had urged him to contest the election. TRANSLATION: For a long


time, we have demonstrated the optimism, other news sensible.


People have called for me in many ways to stand in the February


presidential race. I have heard and I am responding positively to their


request. Youssou N'dour will be facing veteran leader Abdoulaye


Wade, who caused controversy last year when he proposed


constitutional changes to pave the way for him to seek a third term in


office. The proposed changes, which sparked violent street protests,


also include provisions for the creation of the post of vice-


president for his son. Youssou N'dour has been a vocal critic of


the President, accusing him of wasteful spending in a country with


a low income and high unemployment. During his announcement, he


answered his critics who claim he is not qualified to be President.


TRANSLATION: It is true that I don't have a university education,


but the presidency is a function and not a profession. I proved my


competent, commitment, rigour and efficiency on numerous occasions


and I learned a lot at the School of the world. Travelling also


educate, in the same way that books do. -- educates. Youssou N'dour


announced in November that he was cancelling concert dates to focus


on politics. And while he enjoys huge popularity in Senegal, it


remains to be seen if he will be able to translate his fame into


votes. The authorities in Hong Kong are


disinfecting a brand new multi- million dollar Government building


after finding that it was widely contaminated with the bacteria that


causes Legionnaire's disease. Tests were carried out after the


Education Secretary became ill with the potentially fatal disease last


month. Traces of the bacteria were found to be 14 times above


acceptable levels. Peter Biles reports.


The new government building in Hong Kong was officially opened last


August. But when the Education Secretary was diagnosed with


Legionnaire's disease last month, checks were ordered and water


samples collected. Nine out of 31 samples were found to be


contaminated and the authorities began disinfecting the building.


Positive samples were found in private washrooms, kitchen water


taps and a tap at the food counter. If the water entering a water


supply system of a building is not fully treated, not fully


disinfected, the bacteria can persist in the water tank and in


the pipes. Legionnaire's disease stems from bacteria that can cause


a lung infection or pneumonia. It is often founded heating or air-


conditioning systems and it is contracted by inhaling water


droplets containing bacteria. The investigations are continuing as


the final Laboratory results are still pending. Experts say it would


be surprising if more tests samples prove positive. Either way, it is a


deep embarrassment for Hong Kong. He created St Trinian's, a world of


misbehaving girls in a comic and chaotic school, and he drew


cartoons for a string of publications including Punch and


the Sunday Express. Ronald Searle has died at the age of 91 and has


been hailed today as one of Britain's most influential


cartoonists. Our Arts Correspondent David Sillito looks back at his


These drawings of pigtailed anarchy, the hockey stick-wielding girls of


St Trinian's, made Ronald Searle famous. It was only a small part of


his life's work. What people don't remember is that there were so few


drawings, it was only a small part of my work. There were no more than


60 drawings, probably. To me, it was a series of drawings of no


consequence. Born in Cambridge, he sold his first cartoon as a


teenager, but the war intervened. His grim experiences as a prisoner


of the Japanese led to drawings of a very different sort. In the 1950s,


along with the Molesworth books, his images were everywhere. Term


has begun. When St Trinian's was turned into a film, the characters


took on a new life. This very British mix of slightly saucy


mayhem was loved. Even when he tried to blow St Trinian's up, the


public wanted more. He created St Trinian's, which we all loved. He


despised it. He couldn't get away from it. Everybody called him St


Trinian's. He did many other things. He worked in France, in America, in


Germany. He is known throughout these countries, yet we know him


through St Trinian's. He moved to France, he produced books, graphic


art. His dark wit and intelligence won acclaim. There was far more to


Ronald Searle than just hockey sticks.


Ronald Searle, who has died at the age of 91.


Anita O'Brien is curator at the Cartoon Museum in London, which has


recently held two exhibitions of Ronald Searle's work. Thank you for


coming in. There was something very different about his work. I wonder


if it is possible in a few sentences to describe what that was.


You have brought in several books of his work. Let's look at this one,


maybe, first of all. This is the obsolete generation. This is one


that Ronald very kindly dedicated to the cartoon grim collection. In


a way, it sums up their humanity and the tragic comic quality that


he was able to bring out. Hugely talented in terms of his


observation and the details of say, an older couple, but also the


pathos. And also the tumour. -- but the humour. And you can see what is


not far away. The thing that came from his experiences as a prisoner


of war -- do you think? When he came back, he was six stone and he


had witnessed so much slaughter. the people died from dysentery and


cholera and he said that he went in as an art student and he came out


as an artist, because he had a reason for drawing. He felt that a


drawing was going to be a testament to the people who didn't come back,


the people who lost their lives. He didn't even know that he would


survive. I remember this, Down With the School. That cartoon is


brilliant. Also, Mrs Moore. -- Mal. He was internationally recognised.


Last year, he got a special order of merit from the Government of


Saxony. When we did the exhibition, we had a Mexican cartoonist who


came all the way just to see the exhibition and ended his car to the


following Saturday about Ronald Searle. You met him when he was 90.


Someone was quoted today as saying he had a ferocious bark and


actually the bite was as ferocious but it was always done with a


twinkle in his eye. He also said he thought his longevity was down to


drinking copious amounts of champagne. That was what Ronald


would say himself, his favourite thing was champagne. He had


incredible focus, you can see it in his work, is up -- in his


observation. Another thing that makes him so exceptional is the


versatility and the breadth of his work. He was influential in


animation. I spoke to Mike Leigh today, a film-maker who was usually


inspired by the observation and the detail of the characterisation. In


some ways, it is not dissimilar to Charles Dickens, where you have the


tragic and the comic. Has he created a school of people who have


come through his tradition and are now a sort of taking his style and


taking it further? Gerald Scarfe, for example? It is hard to imagine


how the satire boom would have happened without Ronald Searle. He


was such a huge influence on them. If you look at people like Steve


Bell, so many artists and cartoonists, and not just in the


world of cartooning, so many people have been influenced by him and


sometimes they are not even aware of it. What was so wonderful was


when we did the exhibition, so many young students, illustrators, came


in and went away saying they were inspired. We will leave it there,


but thank you very much. Ronald Searle, who has died at the age of


A reminder of our main news: a court in London has found two men


guilty of killing a black teenager, Stephen Lawrence, nearly two


decades ago. That is it from me and the team


here in London. Stay with us, more on BBC World News, but back again


Hello, there. And after an exceptionally stormy day across the


country, things stay windy through the night and for tomorrow, but the


wind is not as strong as we have been seen. It is also going to be


quite cloudy. If we have a look at the overall picture, the area of


low pressure that brought the strong winds through Tuesday has


cleared to Scandinavia. The isobars are still very tightly packed,


there will be some early brightness across the south-east corner but it


will cloud over for the afternoon and we have some rain in the north


and the West. The rain could be heavy at times across parts of


Cumbria and Lancashire but to the east of the Pennines, a little bit


more patchy and light. Grey skies for the afternoon across much of


the Midlands and the south coast. We will see some outbreaks of


patchy light rain at times. The breeze is quite strong, coming in


from the West, temperatures of nine degrees across Devon and Cornwall.


For Wales, the wettest of the weather across parts of Cardigan


Bay and the mountains in the north. A little bit drier further south. A


blustery day for Northern Ireland where it will be cloudy and wet for


much of the afternoon, the north- west corner seeing the heaviest


rain. Some hill snow across parts of Scotland, to the north-east, a


touch drier but cloudy and the damp. Wednesday night, weather fronts


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