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This is BBC World News Today, with Tim Willcox.
Another nuclear scientist killed in broad daylight on the streets of
Teheran. He ran blames Israel and the United States. Is this part of
a covert war aimed at thwarting the country's nuclear ambitions.
An escalation in violence in Syria, as the first foreign journalists to
skilled in it grenade attack in Homs.
Nigeria's or oil workers are threatening to shut the sector down
as protests over the scrapping of a fuel subsidy Tanter wider anger
against the Government. This Government has no moral rights.
Also coming up, can anyone stop him? Mitt Romney sweeps to victory
in the New Hampshire Republican primary.
And tomorrow's must-haves today. If we take a look at the latest
gadgets are shaking up the world of technology today.
Hello, and welcome. The attack was audacious and deadly. Just moments
after a mystery motorbike had pulled up alongside Mostafa Ahmadi
Roshan's, and attached a bomb to it, the 32-year-old chemist and
scientist was dead. Today's attack on the streets of the Iranian
capital is just the latest in a series of killings of scientists,
which demand accuses the United States of authorising.
This his how the careers of each been run's nuclear scientists
sometimes end. This morning, Professor Mostafa Ahmadi Roshan did
not even make it out of his car. TRANSLATION: It was about 7:00am. I
was taking a taxi to walk when I heard a huge blast. I told the
taxied to speed up. Later somebody told me that a person had attached
a bomb to a car which had caused an explosion.
Mostafa Ahmadi Roshan was a supervisor at an Iranian enrichment
facility -- aluminium enrichment facility. In a covert campaign, no
one admits doing the killing. Israel's military chief suggested
yesterday that Iran could expect unnatural events in 2012. This may
be the first. This man in's attack is the latest
in a series of unclaimed bombings and attacks in his van. Two years
ago, a physics professor was killed as he left for work. In 20th
November ten, motorcyclists bombed two prominent nuclear scientists in
the capital. And two months ago a large explosion killed 17 soldiers
at a missile base outside Tehran. But it ran says it will not be put
off. The. It made during missile tests earlier this month. It it has
more reason, it hides them behind displays of power. The BBC is one
of the few Western broadcasters to have been reporter inside the
country. He says that the people on the street have more to worry about,
ban the killing of nuclear scientists. People in Tehran are in
fear of the news, but much more concerned about their economic
problems. And that maybe the point. Iman's
Government can survive attacks on its nuclear scientists. But a
struggling economy is not keeps the country's leaders a week at night.
Trita Parsi is president of the National Iranian American Council,
author of A Single Roll of the Dice: Obama's Diplomacy with Iran.
The Germans us from Washington. The latest in a co-ordinated, a
sophisticated assassination. Who do you think is behind this? I do not
think we have seen any evidence that will point to a specific
direction. So we have to be careful because all of this is speculation.
But most speculation points towards his will, that is the country which
has the means and the motive to do it, and does not have the same
kinds of constraints as the United States when it comes to engaging in
such activities in Iran. Hillary Clinton has just categorically
denied any American in 4th month. In terms of the ramifications in
the context of sanctions against the country, what is the potential
for retaliation? Part of the purpose of this may be, if it is
coming from the Israelis, to get in radians to retaliate -- retaliate.
If they engage in another act of violence, that may provide a
pretext for another military confrontation. We know that there
has been a desire for both this from the... But if it remains
retaliate, and you get the war, but maybe what the great -- Israelis
are intending four. This man was linked with the... In
terms of the fear factor this was spread around scientists work a
week working on the nuclear programme, if what impact will it
have? It will have a chilling effect, but I do not think these
types of activities are going to be particularly successful in
reversing the Iranian nuclear programme. To the extent we have
these assassinations, sanctions, and the threat of war, you may end
up with a situation where the Iranian desire for a nuclear
deterrent may increase. Are there any other groups which may be
acting to -- trying to destabilise any future positive development?
You certainly have the elements of the Iranian mujahedin. They have a
very long history of conducting of sabotage and assassinations in Iran.
However I would suspect that if the mujahedin have the capabilities to
do this right now, they would target higher political profiles
rather than nuclear scientists. Nuclear scientists are a greater
target for those who are very concerned about programme Imran is
blistering. In terms of the protection of the scientists, what
are the authorities doing? This is the 4th attempt in two years.
the 4th fatality, and there have been other strange accidents that
have not been reported in the West. Whatever the Iranians are doing,
they are not doing enough. French television correspondent has
become the first Western journalist to be killed in Syria since the
uprising against President Assad. Witnesses told the BBC that Gilles
Jacquier was on a Government escorted trip to the city of Homs
when his group came under attack from grenades. Earlier, the Syrian
President made a surprise appearance at an open-air rally.
The Syrian authorities have restricted access to foreign
journalists, so Jonathan Head sent this report from Istanbul.
impressive crowd had gathered in the square in Damascus to shout
their support for the President. The rally seemed well planned. And
President Assad used it to press home the same message at he had
presented in his speech to the country. He is not ready to make
any concessions to the opposition. TRANSLATION: The important thing is
to have faith in the future. I will have faith in the future and in you.
We will win without a doubt. We will make this phase the end for
them and their players. So, is this confidence, delusion,
or desperation? It is impossible from this
choreographed appearance to guess the Syrian leader's state of mind
or how strong his grip still is on the country. But his statement
suggests there will be no been negotiated end to this crisis.
Which raises deeper questions over the small Arab League Observer
message. It is that was to be monitoring the Government's
promised to stop shooting protesters. But at least one of its
members has given up, describing the mission as a farce.
TRANSLATION: I stepped down because I felt I was serving his the Reham
regime. I do not feel I belonged to an independent body monitoring the
situation. I was giving the regime a greater chance to continue his
killing, and I could not prevent that.
Non core human rights groups say that hundreds of civilians have
been killed since the monitors arrived last month. For from
curbing the violence, their presence appears to have aggravated
it. The French journalist was one of several people killed in the
city of Homs during a pro- government rally, underlining the
volatility of the situation in Syria. The Government, rather than
using the opportunity of its commitment to the Arab League, to
end the violence and fulfil all of its commitments under the protocol,
is instead stepping up the violence. Despite the presence of monitors,
and carrying out further acts of brutality against its population,
even offered in the presence of those monitors. But if the Arab
League's mission is declared a failure, what then? Without any
prospect of international intervention or negotiation, Syria
seems condemned to sink into a prolonged and increasingly bloody
conflict. Pakistan's Prime Minister has
sacked a retired army general at the Ministry of Defence, Naeem
Khalid Lodhi, in a growing row between the Government and army.
The reason given for the must -- dismissal when Christmas comes but.
Economic growth is slowing in the powerhouse of Europe. Germany's
economy shrank in the last quarter of 2011, indicating the downturn in
Europe is affecting its strongest economy.
Under mid has warned it needs to take action over its budget deficit
or risk losing a European Union development funds. A top official
says Hungary has taken no off action to limit its deficits. The
country is due to start talks later with the IMF for an aid package.
Nigeria's main oil workers' union says it is putting platforms on red
alert for possible shutdown of the Cup country's output. The
Government is also coming under pressure from another deepening
crisis in the country, but of sectarian violence. The Islamist
sect in Nigeria, Boko Haram, has posted a video on like attempting
to justify recent attacks on Christians.
Day three of the strike that has brought most businesses in the
country to a standstill. The stakes have been raised on both sides,
with this national fuel subsidy dispute. Today there were talks of
a gradual process that could lead to the slowing of oil production in
the country. Unionised or oil workers say they are content --
considering shutting down the country's although I'd put. If the
strikers are successful in hindering exports, not only will it
bring the country's economy to its knees, he will have any affect
global oil prices. Politicians have ratcheted up the pressure on
protesters. They have threatened and the work, no pay policy for
public sector workers. My opinion is that that directive is illegal,
because there is no trade dispute. Nigerians are reacting to the harsh
economic policies, and they are saying, for many years we -- we are
saying enough is enough. message is that the fuel subsidy
must be reinstated, but they have also become a platform to vent fury
on other issues, West for spending, resources in the hands of too few,
and far more basic infrastructure. The reason, they say, is corruption.
This Government has no right to ask Nigerians to his discipline
themselves. This strike is beyond... This is the leader of the radical
Islamist group, Boko Haram, and is the first video released since the
bombing of churches in December which killed at least 25 people. He
rejects President's Goodluck Jonathan's remarks that Boko Haram
has become a cancer to Nigeria. He says his forces are much more
powerful than the state's. He says that recent killings of Christians
were revenge for fatal attacks on Muslims in the country. In the past
two weeks at least 15 people have been killed in the north and south
of the country. President good luck Jonathan faces battles on two
fronts. Trying to confront sectarian strife that is spreading
around the country, and costing lives.
Let us talk to Yinka Ogunmakin, with the Save Nigeria Group. He
joins me on the line from Lagos. A much further are you going to go.
The Government shows no sign of backing down. Some of those... What
you have done is to wipe out... This is not just about... Nigerians
are saying it is about a corrupt Government. In the last 15 years,
Nigeria... And that is why they are fighting, and that they are guiding
thousands across Nigeria. They are This money, $6 billion annually, is
basically going to a cartel of fuel We have no business importing that
into the country. OK. Thank you fought speaking to us.
Twitter has become the latest social networking site to fall
victim to paedophiles. An investigation by the BBC found it
being used to discuss abuse and link each other to images of child
pornography. CEOP, the organisation set up here in Britain to tackle
the sexual exploitation of children, says Twitter is lagging behind
other social-networking websites in tackling the problem. Here's the
BBC's Chris Buckler. Twitter has become an internet
phenomenon. Tens of millions of people use the site had to keep in
touch. While the vast majority are simply sharing it stories, news and
gossip there are concerns about how groups of paedophiles are using
their accounts. The BBC has seen evidence of users publishing images
of children. There are also online conversations in which they openly
discuss abuse. He is saying that he would like to have sex with this
girl. Mark Williams Thomas is a former detective who lectures in
paedophilia. He says the company is acting to solely in taking down
accounts. I understand they cannot stop everyone from going on it, but
when they are made aware of a profile which is clearly abuse
material, they must take it down. That profile should be down within
48 hours at the very latest. Twitter is just the latest social
networking side to encounter problems. Paedophiles are using the
internet to get in touch with children. I sent revealing pictures
in very compromising positions. Jake was persuaded by paedophiles
to send making it photos of themselves at the age of 13. There
was a plan for me to meet one of these people and then go back to
Birmingham for shopping and then go back to his hotel room. I was three
days away from meeting that person when my mother called me. What age
were you? I was 14. What about him? He said he was 29, but the police
Tommy was at least 10 or 15 years older. Facebook has added buttons
so that they can spend -- can be reported that one click. They are a
bit behind some others who have been around longer. These people
with a healthy interest in child abuse images occupy a lot of
difference based on the internet without interruption, without being
stopped. That is wrong. Twitter it relies on the users reporting
problems, and there are concerns about how accounts are monitored
because only their followers are able to see what those users of
sharing and following. Mitt Romney is a step closer to
becoming the Republican candidate for the White House. That follows a
second successive victory in the New Hampshire primary. A week ago
he won the Iowa caucuses by just eight votes. As Jonny Dymond
reports, Mr Romney is increasingly confident he will win his party's
nomination. Republicans of preparing for crucial primaries in
Florida later this month. Let's go to Washington and speak to
Jon McHenry, the vice president of Republican strategists Ayres,
McHenry and Associates. Looking at Jon Huntsman, he did not
bother to compete in I were and he came third in New Hampshire. Does
that illustrate how difficult it is being a moderate in this race?
does. It shows his decision not to compete and it was driven by the
perception that he would be seen as to moderate for that state. In New
Hampshire, he gave it a good run, rising from 9% a week and a half
ago up to 17 %. He did not quite catch up to Dr -- the doctor. Had
he carried on, huntsmen would have been the alternative. As it turned
out, he got enough of the vote to continue on to South Carolina but
not become the big media story. is now trailing. A comedian in
South Carolina is doing well. In terms of him being a Mormon, is
that another issue which is not playing particularly well with a
broader Republican base? I think that was a serious issue for Romney
when he ran a four years ago. South Carolina prides itself on picking
the bottom up one of the nominating process, but there is always some
knife fighting going on between operatives on the ground. That
torpedoed Romney to some extent in South Carolina last time, but at
this point everyone is so concerned with the economy, the state of the
country and where it is going, the social issues, whether you are a
Mormon or a Baptist falls a bit off in South Carolina compared to what
it was four years ago. It helps govern a huntsman that the army is
also in the race. This election is different because of the emergence
of Super packs. He got involved with one for Jon Huntsman. Explain
how that works, because it gets around the $5,000 cap on political
donations, but in theory you're not allowed to have any direct contact
with the candidate. Does that work in practice? In our Super pack, it
has... A you would say that! Yes. What we have seen in our Super pact
is that if John Hunt's then gives a press conference and talks about
appealing to independence and moderate, we think he should be
talking as a more conservative we cannot do anything about it. One of
the interesting things in debates over the weekend work rummy and
another man talking about how they had no engagement in the adverts.
There was a 27 minute advert that his pack was putting out. He seems
to have had some information about what was going to be in there for
sure. Thank you. We must leave it there.
One of the most common causes of laptop computers and tablets
breaking is apparently someone spilling a drink on them. Never
slow to spot an opportunity, some manufacturers are now designing
machines which they claim can survive being dunked in crumbs and
coffee. They're among the new products on display at the Consumer
Electronics Show in Las Vegas. Show us at their worst please.
I will have a try. Tens of thousands of new products launched
at this show each year, most of them will not be big hits. Tablets
are a big theme as all manufacturers tried to complete --
can be with the iPad. They have not been that successful so far but
here is one with a big difference. It falls away, goes into your
pocket, you have two it screens and different things happening on each
screen. That is one of the tablets on show here. Plenty more. Than
Cooper, is anybody really producing anything that will challenge Apple?
In terms of the 10 inch square, it is for down between Apple and
Samsung. The interesting thing is is that Sony have the fording a
design which they think is something different. Samsung have
come out with the galaxy which is halfway between the two. It is a
fully functioning mobile-phone as A super gadget fair, but
unfortunately the technology has led us down a little bit. We will
see if we can resume that link later. I don't think that we can,
I'm afraid. We will try and do this Hillary Clinton said that the Arab
League mission it should not continue indefinitely and that
Syrians deserve political transition. It comes after the
killing of the first Western journalist in that 10 month
conflict. I think that it is clear to both
the Prime Minister and myself that the Monetary mission should not
continue indefinitely. We cannot permit President Asad and his witty
-- a regime to have impunity. Syrians deserve a peaceful
transition. We are looking to work with the Arab League when the
current monitoring mission expires on genuine 19th. We look again to
the Prime Minister for his leadership.
Hillary Clinton there in the last few minutes.
A reminder of our main news: Iranian officials claim US and
Israeli intelligence agents are responsible for the killing of a
Iranian nuclear scientist in Tehran. Mostafa Ahmadi Roshan, who worked
at the Natanz uranium enrichment facility, was killed when two
motorcyclists placed a magnetic bomb on his car.
That is all. Next, the weather. We have got rather cloudy, wet and
windy weather pushing south across the UK tonight. There are two
Thursday, things look set to change. A lot more sunshine, particularly
in the north, but it will turn colder as well. It is courtesy of
this weather front sinking south, allowing cold air to filter behind.
But notice the squeeze in the isobars first thing on Thursday. It
will be a win the start. Through the morning, the weather front
sinks south and it marks a real dividing line across the country.
For the North, a beautiful sunny afternoon, temperatures dropping as
the winds mac return north-westerly. In the south, a cloudy afternoon.
Westerly winds keep it relatively mild. The weather front will delay
its activity. Rain will be patchy. The clouds will break up across
Wales, revealing sunshine. Winds turned north-westerly across
Northern Ireland. Clad in the morning, but drier and brighter in
the afternoon. Temperatures for northern England and Scotland
suppressed on previous days, six or seven degrees at best. The wind