11/01/2012 World News Today


11/01/2012

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This is BBC World News Today, with Tim Willcox.

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Another nuclear scientist killed in broad daylight on the streets of

:00:15.:00:20.

Teheran. He ran blames Israel and the United States. Is this part of

:00:20.:00:28.

a covert war aimed at thwarting the country's nuclear ambitions.

:00:28.:00:33.

An escalation in violence in Syria, as the first foreign journalists to

:00:33.:00:37.

skilled in it grenade attack in Homs.

:00:37.:00:40.

Nigeria's or oil workers are threatening to shut the sector down

:00:40.:00:44.

as protests over the scrapping of a fuel subsidy Tanter wider anger

:00:44.:00:50.

against the Government. This Government has no moral rights.

:00:50.:00:56.

Also coming up, can anyone stop him? Mitt Romney sweeps to victory

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in the New Hampshire Republican primary.

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And tomorrow's must-haves today. If we take a look at the latest

:01:04.:01:14.
:01:14.:01:16.

gadgets are shaking up the world of technology today.

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Hello, and welcome. The attack was audacious and deadly. Just moments

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after a mystery motorbike had pulled up alongside Mostafa Ahmadi

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Roshan's, and attached a bomb to it, the 32-year-old chemist and

:01:31.:01:35.

scientist was dead. Today's attack on the streets of the Iranian

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capital is just the latest in a series of killings of scientists,

:01:39.:01:47.

which demand accuses the United States of authorising.

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This his how the careers of each been run's nuclear scientists

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sometimes end. This morning, Professor Mostafa Ahmadi Roshan did

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not even make it out of his car. TRANSLATION: It was about 7:00am. I

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was taking a taxi to walk when I heard a huge blast. I told the

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taxied to speed up. Later somebody told me that a person had attached

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a bomb to a car which had caused an explosion.

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Mostafa Ahmadi Roshan was a supervisor at an Iranian enrichment

:02:19.:02:25.

facility -- aluminium enrichment facility. In a covert campaign, no

:02:25.:02:29.

one admits doing the killing. Israel's military chief suggested

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yesterday that Iran could expect unnatural events in 2012. This may

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be the first. This man in's attack is the latest

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in a series of unclaimed bombings and attacks in his van. Two years

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ago, a physics professor was killed as he left for work. In 20th

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November ten, motorcyclists bombed two prominent nuclear scientists in

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the capital. And two months ago a large explosion killed 17 soldiers

:02:58.:03:03.

at a missile base outside Tehran. But it ran says it will not be put

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off. The. It made during missile tests earlier this month. It it has

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more reason, it hides them behind displays of power. The BBC is one

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of the few Western broadcasters to have been reporter inside the

:03:18.:03:23.

country. He says that the people on the street have more to worry about,

:03:23.:03:27.

ban the killing of nuclear scientists. People in Tehran are in

:03:27.:03:31.

fear of the news, but much more concerned about their economic

:03:31.:03:38.

problems. And that maybe the point. Iman's

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Government can survive attacks on its nuclear scientists. But a

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struggling economy is not keeps the country's leaders a week at night.

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Trita Parsi is president of the National Iranian American Council,

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author of A Single Roll of the Dice: Obama's Diplomacy with Iran.

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The Germans us from Washington. The latest in a co-ordinated, a

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sophisticated assassination. Who do you think is behind this? I do not

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think we have seen any evidence that will point to a specific

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direction. So we have to be careful because all of this is speculation.

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But most speculation points towards his will, that is the country which

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has the means and the motive to do it, and does not have the same

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kinds of constraints as the United States when it comes to engaging in

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such activities in Iran. Hillary Clinton has just categorically

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denied any American in 4th month. In terms of the ramifications in

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the context of sanctions against the country, what is the potential

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for retaliation? Part of the purpose of this may be, if it is

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coming from the Israelis, to get in radians to retaliate -- retaliate.

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If they engage in another act of violence, that may provide a

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pretext for another military confrontation. We know that there

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has been a desire for both this from the... But if it remains

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retaliate, and you get the war, but maybe what the great -- Israelis

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are intending four. This man was linked with the... In

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terms of the fear factor this was spread around scientists work a

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week working on the nuclear programme, if what impact will it

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have? It will have a chilling effect, but I do not think these

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types of activities are going to be particularly successful in

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reversing the Iranian nuclear programme. To the extent we have

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these assassinations, sanctions, and the threat of war, you may end

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up with a situation where the Iranian desire for a nuclear

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deterrent may increase. Are there any other groups which may be

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acting to -- trying to destabilise any future positive development?

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You certainly have the elements of the Iranian mujahedin. They have a

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very long history of conducting of sabotage and assassinations in Iran.

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However I would suspect that if the mujahedin have the capabilities to

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do this right now, they would target higher political profiles

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rather than nuclear scientists. Nuclear scientists are a greater

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target for those who are very concerned about programme Imran is

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blistering. In terms of the protection of the scientists, what

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are the authorities doing? This is the 4th attempt in two years.

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the 4th fatality, and there have been other strange accidents that

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have not been reported in the West. Whatever the Iranians are doing,

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they are not doing enough. French television correspondent has

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become the first Western journalist to be killed in Syria since the

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uprising against President Assad. Witnesses told the BBC that Gilles

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Jacquier was on a Government escorted trip to the city of Homs

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when his group came under attack from grenades. Earlier, the Syrian

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President made a surprise appearance at an open-air rally.

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The Syrian authorities have restricted access to foreign

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journalists, so Jonathan Head sent this report from Istanbul.

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impressive crowd had gathered in the square in Damascus to shout

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their support for the President. The rally seemed well planned. And

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President Assad used it to press home the same message at he had

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presented in his speech to the country. He is not ready to make

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any concessions to the opposition. TRANSLATION: The important thing is

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to have faith in the future. I will have faith in the future and in you.

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We will win without a doubt. We will make this phase the end for

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them and their players. So, is this confidence, delusion,

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or desperation? It is impossible from this

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choreographed appearance to guess the Syrian leader's state of mind

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or how strong his grip still is on the country. But his statement

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suggests there will be no been negotiated end to this crisis.

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Which raises deeper questions over the small Arab League Observer

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message. It is that was to be monitoring the Government's

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promised to stop shooting protesters. But at least one of its

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members has given up, describing the mission as a farce.

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TRANSLATION: I stepped down because I felt I was serving his the Reham

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regime. I do not feel I belonged to an independent body monitoring the

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situation. I was giving the regime a greater chance to continue his

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killing, and I could not prevent that.

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Non core human rights groups say that hundreds of civilians have

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been killed since the monitors arrived last month. For from

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curbing the violence, their presence appears to have aggravated

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it. The French journalist was one of several people killed in the

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city of Homs during a pro- government rally, underlining the

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volatility of the situation in Syria. The Government, rather than

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using the opportunity of its commitment to the Arab League, to

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end the violence and fulfil all of its commitments under the protocol,

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is instead stepping up the violence. Despite the presence of monitors,

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and carrying out further acts of brutality against its population,

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even offered in the presence of those monitors. But if the Arab

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League's mission is declared a failure, what then? Without any

:10:06.:10:09.

prospect of international intervention or negotiation, Syria

:10:09.:10:12.

seems condemned to sink into a prolonged and increasingly bloody

:10:13.:10:22.

conflict. Pakistan's Prime Minister has

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sacked a retired army general at the Ministry of Defence, Naeem

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Khalid Lodhi, in a growing row between the Government and army.

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The reason given for the must -- dismissal when Christmas comes but.

:10:35.:10:41.

Economic growth is slowing in the powerhouse of Europe. Germany's

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economy shrank in the last quarter of 2011, indicating the downturn in

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Europe is affecting its strongest economy.

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Under mid has warned it needs to take action over its budget deficit

:10:53.:10:57.

or risk losing a European Union development funds. A top official

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says Hungary has taken no off action to limit its deficits. The

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country is due to start talks later with the IMF for an aid package.

:11:10.:11:14.

Nigeria's main oil workers' union says it is putting platforms on red

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alert for possible shutdown of the Cup country's output. The

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Government is also coming under pressure from another deepening

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crisis in the country, but of sectarian violence. The Islamist

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sect in Nigeria, Boko Haram, has posted a video on like attempting

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to justify recent attacks on Christians.

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Day three of the strike that has brought most businesses in the

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country to a standstill. The stakes have been raised on both sides,

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with this national fuel subsidy dispute. Today there were talks of

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a gradual process that could lead to the slowing of oil production in

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the country. Unionised or oil workers say they are content --

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considering shutting down the country's although I'd put. If the

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strikers are successful in hindering exports, not only will it

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bring the country's economy to its knees, he will have any affect

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global oil prices. Politicians have ratcheted up the pressure on

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protesters. They have threatened and the work, no pay policy for

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public sector workers. My opinion is that that directive is illegal,

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because there is no trade dispute. Nigerians are reacting to the harsh

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economic policies, and they are saying, for many years we -- we are

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saying enough is enough. message is that the fuel subsidy

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must be reinstated, but they have also become a platform to vent fury

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on other issues, West for spending, resources in the hands of too few,

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and far more basic infrastructure. The reason, they say, is corruption.

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This Government has no right to ask Nigerians to his discipline

:13:06.:13:16.
:13:16.:13:22.

themselves. This strike is beyond... This is the leader of the radical

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Islamist group, Boko Haram, and is the first video released since the

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bombing of churches in December which killed at least 25 people. He

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rejects President's Goodluck Jonathan's remarks that Boko Haram

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has become a cancer to Nigeria. He says his forces are much more

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powerful than the state's. He says that recent killings of Christians

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were revenge for fatal attacks on Muslims in the country. In the past

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two weeks at least 15 people have been killed in the north and south

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of the country. President good luck Jonathan faces battles on two

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fronts. Trying to confront sectarian strife that is spreading

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around the country, and costing lives.

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Let us talk to Yinka Ogunmakin, with the Save Nigeria Group. He

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joins me on the line from Lagos. A much further are you going to go.

:14:24.:14:34.
:14:34.:14:42.

The Government shows no sign of backing down. Some of those... What

:14:42.:14:52.
:14:52.:15:04.

you have done is to wipe out... This is not just about... Nigerians

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are saying it is about a corrupt Government. In the last 15 years,

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Nigeria... And that is why they are fighting, and that they are guiding

:15:23.:15:32.
:15:33.:15:41.

thousands across Nigeria. They are This money, $6 billion annually, is

:15:42.:15:51.
:15:52.:16:27.

basically going to a cartel of fuel We have no business importing that

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into the country. OK. Thank you fought speaking to us.

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Twitter has become the latest social networking site to fall

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victim to paedophiles. An investigation by the BBC found it

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being used to discuss abuse and link each other to images of child

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pornography. CEOP, the organisation set up here in Britain to tackle

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the sexual exploitation of children, says Twitter is lagging behind

:16:50.:16:53.

other social-networking websites in tackling the problem. Here's the

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:17:03.:17:03.

BBC's Chris Buckler. Twitter has become an internet

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phenomenon. Tens of millions of people use the site had to keep in

:17:08.:17:14.

touch. While the vast majority are simply sharing it stories, news and

:17:14.:17:17.

gossip there are concerns about how groups of paedophiles are using

:17:17.:17:21.

their accounts. The BBC has seen evidence of users publishing images

:17:22.:17:28.

of children. There are also online conversations in which they openly

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discuss abuse. He is saying that he would like to have sex with this

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girl. Mark Williams Thomas is a former detective who lectures in

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paedophilia. He says the company is acting to solely in taking down

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accounts. I understand they cannot stop everyone from going on it, but

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when they are made aware of a profile which is clearly abuse

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material, they must take it down. That profile should be down within

:17:59.:18:09.
:18:09.:18:23.

48 hours at the very latest. Twitter is just the latest social

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networking side to encounter problems. Paedophiles are using the

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internet to get in touch with children. I sent revealing pictures

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in very compromising positions. Jake was persuaded by paedophiles

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to send making it photos of themselves at the age of 13. There

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was a plan for me to meet one of these people and then go back to

:18:51.:18:56.

Birmingham for shopping and then go back to his hotel room. I was three

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days away from meeting that person when my mother called me. What age

:19:00.:19:08.

were you? I was 14. What about him? He said he was 29, but the police

:19:08.:19:16.

Tommy was at least 10 or 15 years older. Facebook has added buttons

:19:16.:19:21.

so that they can spend -- can be reported that one click. They are a

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bit behind some others who have been around longer. These people

:19:25.:19:29.

with a healthy interest in child abuse images occupy a lot of

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difference based on the internet without interruption, without being

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stopped. That is wrong. Twitter it relies on the users reporting

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problems, and there are concerns about how accounts are monitored

:19:42.:19:46.

because only their followers are able to see what those users of

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sharing and following. Mitt Romney is a step closer to

:19:49.:19:52.

becoming the Republican candidate for the White House. That follows a

:19:52.:19:56.

second successive victory in the New Hampshire primary. A week ago

:19:56.:20:01.

he won the Iowa caucuses by just eight votes. As Jonny Dymond

:20:01.:20:04.

reports, Mr Romney is increasingly confident he will win his party's

:20:04.:20:14.
:20:14.:20:21.

nomination. Republicans of preparing for crucial primaries in

:20:21.:20:24.

Florida later this month. Let's go to Washington and speak to

:20:24.:20:26.

Jon McHenry, the vice president of Republican strategists Ayres,

:20:26.:20:31.

McHenry and Associates. Looking at Jon Huntsman, he did not

:20:31.:20:36.

bother to compete in I were and he came third in New Hampshire. Does

:20:36.:20:40.

that illustrate how difficult it is being a moderate in this race?

:20:40.:20:46.

does. It shows his decision not to compete and it was driven by the

:20:46.:20:50.

perception that he would be seen as to moderate for that state. In New

:20:50.:20:55.

Hampshire, he gave it a good run, rising from 9% a week and a half

:20:55.:21:03.

ago up to 17 %. He did not quite catch up to Dr -- the doctor. Had

:21:03.:21:07.

he carried on, huntsmen would have been the alternative. As it turned

:21:07.:21:11.

out, he got enough of the vote to continue on to South Carolina but

:21:11.:21:17.

not become the big media story. is now trailing. A comedian in

:21:17.:21:24.

South Carolina is doing well. In terms of him being a Mormon, is

:21:24.:21:29.

that another issue which is not playing particularly well with a

:21:29.:21:36.

broader Republican base? I think that was a serious issue for Romney

:21:36.:21:41.

when he ran a four years ago. South Carolina prides itself on picking

:21:41.:21:45.

the bottom up one of the nominating process, but there is always some

:21:45.:21:50.

knife fighting going on between operatives on the ground. That

:21:50.:21:54.

torpedoed Romney to some extent in South Carolina last time, but at

:21:54.:21:58.

this point everyone is so concerned with the economy, the state of the

:21:58.:22:02.

country and where it is going, the social issues, whether you are a

:22:02.:22:07.

Mormon or a Baptist falls a bit off in South Carolina compared to what

:22:07.:22:11.

it was four years ago. It helps govern a huntsman that the army is

:22:11.:22:17.

also in the race. This election is different because of the emergence

:22:17.:22:23.

of Super packs. He got involved with one for Jon Huntsman. Explain

:22:23.:22:26.

how that works, because it gets around the $5,000 cap on political

:22:26.:22:32.

donations, but in theory you're not allowed to have any direct contact

:22:32.:22:38.

with the candidate. Does that work in practice? In our Super pack, it

:22:38.:22:45.

has... A you would say that! Yes. What we have seen in our Super pact

:22:46.:22:52.

is that if John Hunt's then gives a press conference and talks about

:22:52.:22:57.

appealing to independence and moderate, we think he should be

:22:57.:23:00.

talking as a more conservative we cannot do anything about it. One of

:23:00.:23:07.

the interesting things in debates over the weekend work rummy and

:23:07.:23:11.

another man talking about how they had no engagement in the adverts.

:23:11.:23:21.

There was a 27 minute advert that his pack was putting out. He seems

:23:21.:23:25.

to have had some information about what was going to be in there for

:23:25.:23:30.

sure. Thank you. We must leave it there.

:23:30.:23:33.

One of the most common causes of laptop computers and tablets

:23:33.:23:36.

breaking is apparently someone spilling a drink on them. Never

:23:36.:23:39.

slow to spot an opportunity, some manufacturers are now designing

:23:39.:23:41.

machines which they claim can survive being dunked in crumbs and

:23:41.:23:44.

coffee. They're among the new products on display at the Consumer

:23:44.:23:54.
:23:54.:24:00.

Electronics Show in Las Vegas. Show us at their worst please.

:24:00.:24:05.

I will have a try. Tens of thousands of new products launched

:24:05.:24:12.

at this show each year, most of them will not be big hits. Tablets

:24:12.:24:17.

are a big theme as all manufacturers tried to complete --

:24:17.:24:19.

can be with the iPad. They have not been that successful so far but

:24:20.:24:24.

here is one with a big difference. It falls away, goes into your

:24:24.:24:28.

pocket, you have two it screens and different things happening on each

:24:28.:24:33.

screen. That is one of the tablets on show here. Plenty more. Than

:24:33.:24:42.

Cooper, is anybody really producing anything that will challenge Apple?

:24:42.:24:48.

In terms of the 10 inch square, it is for down between Apple and

:24:48.:24:53.

Samsung. The interesting thing is is that Sony have the fording a

:24:53.:24:55.

design which they think is something different. Samsung have

:24:55.:25:01.

come out with the galaxy which is halfway between the two. It is a

:25:01.:25:11.
:25:11.:25:15.

fully functioning mobile-phone as A super gadget fair, but

:25:15.:25:18.

unfortunately the technology has led us down a little bit. We will

:25:18.:25:22.

see if we can resume that link later. I don't think that we can,

:25:22.:25:32.
:25:32.:25:35.

I'm afraid. We will try and do this Hillary Clinton said that the Arab

:25:35.:25:39.

League mission it should not continue indefinitely and that

:25:39.:25:42.

Syrians deserve political transition. It comes after the

:25:42.:25:44.

killing of the first Western journalist in that 10 month

:25:45.:25:48.

conflict. I think that it is clear to both

:25:48.:25:52.

the Prime Minister and myself that the Monetary mission should not

:25:52.:25:58.

continue indefinitely. We cannot permit President Asad and his witty

:25:58.:26:02.

-- a regime to have impunity. Syrians deserve a peaceful

:26:02.:26:08.

transition. We are looking to work with the Arab League when the

:26:08.:26:14.

current monitoring mission expires on genuine 19th. We look again to

:26:14.:26:18.

the Prime Minister for his leadership.

:26:18.:26:20.

Hillary Clinton there in the last few minutes.

:26:21.:26:23.

A reminder of our main news: Iranian officials claim US and

:26:23.:26:26.

Israeli intelligence agents are responsible for the killing of a

:26:26.:26:30.

Iranian nuclear scientist in Tehran. Mostafa Ahmadi Roshan, who worked

:26:30.:26:32.

at the Natanz uranium enrichment facility, was killed when two

:26:32.:26:42.
:26:42.:26:43.

motorcyclists placed a magnetic bomb on his car.

:26:43.:26:53.
:26:53.:27:01.

That is all. Next, the weather. We have got rather cloudy, wet and

:27:01.:27:05.

windy weather pushing south across the UK tonight. There are two

:27:05.:27:09.

Thursday, things look set to change. A lot more sunshine, particularly

:27:09.:27:14.

in the north, but it will turn colder as well. It is courtesy of

:27:14.:27:18.

this weather front sinking south, allowing cold air to filter behind.

:27:18.:27:22.

But notice the squeeze in the isobars first thing on Thursday. It

:27:22.:27:27.

will be a win the start. Through the morning, the weather front

:27:27.:27:31.

sinks south and it marks a real dividing line across the country.

:27:31.:27:36.

For the North, a beautiful sunny afternoon, temperatures dropping as

:27:36.:27:41.

the winds mac return north-westerly. In the south, a cloudy afternoon.

:27:41.:27:47.

Westerly winds keep it relatively mild. The weather front will delay

:27:47.:27:54.

its activity. Rain will be patchy. The clouds will break up across

:27:54.:27:58.

Wales, revealing sunshine. Winds turned north-westerly across

:27:58.:28:01.

Northern Ireland. Clad in the morning, but drier and brighter in

:28:01.:28:06.

the afternoon. Temperatures for northern England and Scotland

:28:06.:28:12.

suppressed on previous days, six or seven degrees at best. The wind

:28:12.:28:15.

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