12/01/2012 World News Today


12/01/2012

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This is BBC World News Today with me Tim Willcox. The shame of the US

:00:09.:00:12.

marines? Universal condemnation as a video apparently showing four of

:00:12.:00:20.

them urinating on dead Taliban fighters is posted online. It is

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absolutely inconsistent with American values, with the standards

:00:22.:00:28.

of behaviour we expect from our military personnel.

:00:28.:00:32.

The Duchess of York, Sarah Ferguson is charged by a Turkish court after

:00:32.:00:42.
:00:42.:00:43.

secretly filming orphanages there. The cost of Mexico's drugs war as

:00:43.:00:53.
:00:53.:00:53.

the death toll approaches 50,000, five years after the crackdown.

:00:53.:01:03.
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And the unassuming young acoustic singer who's topped the nominations

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at this year's Brit awards. Find Hello and welcome. The Pentagon

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says it's "deeply troubled" by a video apparently showing four

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American marines urinating on dead Taliban fighters in Afghanistan.

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NATO and the Afghan president, Hamid Karzai, have also condemned

:01:36.:01:41.

it, - President Karzai calling it inhuman. A spokesman for the

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Taliban described the video as shameful, but said it would not

:01:44.:01:47.

affect attempts to broker peace talks. Ian Pannell reports from

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Washington. Cities too distasteful to show but

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what appears to be happening in the video is a small group of US

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Marines are urinating on the bodies of three dead Afghans. We do not

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know whether the deal has come from or if it is authentic but the

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indications are it is. The condemnation it has provoked has

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been universal. It is absolutely inconsistent with American values,

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the standards of behaviour that we expect from a military personnel

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and the vast vast majority of our military personnel and Marines hold

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themselves to. So this is not the first time US troops have been

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accused of breaching the rules of war. A in the past its acted fast

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to investigate and punish those responsible. Containing a damaged

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its reputation is harder. This man said US troops have committed a

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crime and should leave the country, the president demanded an

:02:53.:02:56.

investigation. The biggest fear is this would damage the prospects of

:02:56.:03:01.

peace talks with insurgents but the Taliban says the political process

:03:01.:03:07.

is separate and still stands. It's more than 10 years since American

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troops invaded, the mission has been longer and harder than many

:03:10.:03:15.

expected. It is increasingly unpopular amongst Afghans who want

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to know the latest allegations will be taken seriously. A US cruel

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investigation has been launched into this disgraceful act. It will

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be thorough and any individual whose involvement is confirmed will

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be held fully accountable and punished accordingly. Whatever the

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facts, it will harm America's reputation overseas but it's

:03:37.:03:40.

unlikely to have an impact in the way past scandals have, US troops

:03:40.:03:45.

have pulled out of Iraq, reduced numbers in Afghanistan and the

:03:46.:03:50.

peace process with the Taliban is under way. Expect all sides to

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limit the damage but don't expect any change in policy.

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Ahmad Shuja is a director of the Foundation for Afghanistan, a

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Washington and Kabul-based non- profit group dedicated to the

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country's reconstruction. He also writes the Afghanistan Analysis

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blog. It has not been confirmed, the

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veracity of the video but if it is true what will the impact be?

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think the impact of this on the talks with the Taliban and Afghan

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government is not going to be extensive as the Taliban have

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downplayed this. What it does is... It's the latest in a long string of

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incidents involving US soldiers in Afghanistan so that is unfortunate

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and will have PR damage consequences for the US involvement

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in Afghanistan but it's important to understand that it will be taken

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it more negatively in some parts of Afghanistan the others. Overall, it

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is a huge PR disaster. We are looking at a backlash against

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American troops perhaps on the ground rather than any lasting

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impact or damage to the East peace talks which are about to start soon.

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That's accurate to a degree but to expect because of these images

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broadcast in the Afghan media as well to have large scale at

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demonstrations by Afghans on the ground in Afghanistan and burning

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American flags is too far-fetched. What it does is create more

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negativity among the Afghans about the US presence on the ground.

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President Obama's ambassador is due for talks with Hamid Karzai next

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week, are looking at the best hope for peace now in Afghanistan after

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10 years of war? I think now you have the strongest push from all

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parties involved, especially the US and Taliban and Afghan government.

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But the push is stronger than ever towards a negotiated settlement for

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the peace in Afghanistan. One other points, the video about the

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allegedly urination, there is a cognitive dissonance in Washington

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about what the US wants its troops to do all things of its troops and

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what these individuals have done. At many in the West are shocked but

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what's important to understand is the shock in Afghanistan is not

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about the actor but it involves an action urination and desecration of

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corpses which are country more significant to Afghans than the act

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itself. Thank you. A Turkish court has pressed charges against

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Britain's Duchess of York for secretly filming orphanages in

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Turkey. The court accused the former wife of Prince Andrew of

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going "against the law in acquiring footage and violating privacy" of

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five children. If convicted she faces a maximum term of 22 and a

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half years in prison, Our Istanbul correspondent Jonathan Head joins

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Just describe what this relates back to. Three years ago at the

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Duchess of York one of the projects she took up was exposing conditions

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children in some orphanages are kept in in Turkey and other

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countries and she came with a TV crew and visited a number of

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institutions were abandoned children and this institution she

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went to with a TV crew and her daughter Eugenie is one where

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abandoned children with severe mental disabilities are kept. She

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posed as a donor and got in and secretly filmed the conditions that

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children are captain. It is a cemetery, it was chaotic and some

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children were tied down. It was very disturbing. When the programme

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was broadcast the Turkish government has outraged lodging a

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diplomatic protest and accusing her of smearing the country and try

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deliberately to damage Turkey's prospects of joining the European

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Union. Three years later, a prosecutor has torn up an

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:08:21.:08:22.

indictment against her and imposed these charges. It could result in a

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heavy prison sentence and Turkey applies very tough sentences for

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what are perceived to be minor issues in other countries. Is it

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unusual for charges to be pressed so long after the event? No, it's

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not. People have been jailed and is a big issue at the moment for many

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years before they get to trial. The judicial system is very problematic.

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I suspect the Duchess of York will fill grateful she is not in Turkey

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and does not have to go through it. There is nothing exceptional about

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that. There is an extradition at Deal between Turkey and Britain.

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This would not be considered a crime so she will not be coming

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back to face trial. Some other news: police in the UK are

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investigating claims British intelligence was involved in the

:09:17.:09:22.

cases of two men taken to Libya for interrogation. The Libyans are

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threatening to sue the UK over their transfer to Libya and

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subsequent torture. Charges have been ruled out in it to other cases

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involving claims of British involvement in torture overseas.

:09:37.:09:39.

Nigerian oil workers are threatening to shut down or

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production. The union is demanding action. Israel's Supreme Court has

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upheld a law banning Palestinians since marrying Israelis and getting

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citizenship. The laws introduced nine years ago with lackeys citing

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security concerns. A former county cricketer has become the first

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English player to be convicted of spot fixing during a match in 2009.

:10:18.:10:28.
:10:28.:10:32.

Mervyn Westfield pleaded guilty to receiving a corrupt payment.

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Mexican officials say nearly 13 thousand people were killed in

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violence blamed on organised crime between January and September last

:10:37.:10:40.

year. That takes the total number of drug related killings to more

:10:40.:10:42.

than 47 thousand since President Felipe Calderon launched his

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crackdown on drug traffickers in late 2006. With presidential

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elections in July, violence is set to be a key issue for voters. Will

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Grant reports from Mexico City. The statistics confirm what many

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Mexicans suspect it for some time. For a 5th consecutive year, Mexico

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has experienced a rise in drug- related murders. Almost 13,000

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people killed in drug violence in the first nine months of last year.

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But up 11.4% on the same period in 2010. Conflicts between the

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country's powerful drug cartels battling for control of the

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smuggling routes into the United States have seen many communities

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caught up in the fighting and left thousands of Mexicans did. -- dead.

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A small proportion of the murders are ever brought to trial and many

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are not even investigated. While the numbers are large, the

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government of the President has defended the military strategy. The

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rise was the lowest since 2006, the government says and violence has

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concentrated in eight states. Especially on the northern border.

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Critics say it previously peaceful states and are being caught up in

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the fighting searchers those in the east and west. There were some

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individual improvements last year such as a job and violence in the

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border city. However experts say it may be more to do with a single

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cartel taking over control rather than any great success by the

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military or police. Mexico's cartels are still extremely strong,

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especially that one or by the world's most powerful drug baron.

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His empire is weakened and he is fighting other drug gangs. For many

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Mexicans, tired of the violence, this election year is a chance to

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register their anger at the number of murders taking place every year.

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The governing party is expected to lose the vote in July to the party

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which run the country for more than 70 years. If that happens, these

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numbers will have undoubtedly played a large part.

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Let's speak to someone who has written extensively on the Mexican

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drug war. An 11% rise, lower than it previously, not much to crow

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about. It's nothing to be excited about all to brag about. One of the

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things with the release of the numbers, there's been a lot of

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scepticism over why the delay in releasing numbers. I believe from

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my knowledge of Mexican officialdom that there wasn't really a sinister

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reason for this but I think what they're trying to desperately do is

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communicate what is happening, whether going up, down or what does

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it mean, spinning it either way depend on how you interpret it. And

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:14:17.:14:18.

You spend some dangerous times they are researching the book. Tell us

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more about his man. The USA he is the world's most powerful drug

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trafficker. How smart is he? think the key is a calculating. In

:14:33.:14:43.
:14:43.:14:44.

my research, in the mountains, it is very hard to find him, but you

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get a chance of the power that his name and the organisation wheels.

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He has built up over the years by being a very calculating and

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ruthless, when necessary, and of course this is the drug world and

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you do not get ahead simply by caution and bribery. He has made

:15:08.:15:12.

alliances with rival Corps tells, the right time, and has moved into

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drug markets in the United States. -- cartels. He moved into Met

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amphetamine long before his competitors. -- Met amphetamines.

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So he is an innovator when it comes to drug trafficking? Is see seen as

:15:28.:15:33.

a local folk hero? If so, what has he done for the community and why

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is nobody turning men? In terms of the local folk, officials love to

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say that when they are describing him. You could argue that about

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drug traffickers, that is how they operate and that is how the Mafia

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used to operate. You win the population over by constructing

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schools and funding schools, giving to the church, the Catholic Church

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is now coming out and admitting that in the past, money from

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narcotics has come in. That is brave of them to do it. I respect

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that. The money has come in where government money has not. Through

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simple means, this drug dealer employs people where there is no

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other employment. You win supporters that way. Thank you for

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joining us, Malcolm Beith. Two years after the earthquake in

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Haiti which killed 300,000 people and left 1.5 million homeless,

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progress and rebuilding has been slow. 500,000 people are still

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living in camps and there are very few signs of reconstruction. On

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Wednesday, thousands took to the streets of Port-au-Prince to demand

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new housing. Laura Trevelyan is there for us now.

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Welcome to 80. -- Haiti. Coming up on the second anniversary of the

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earthquake. Everything changed in just a few seconds. Ceremonies of

:17:10.:17:20.
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remembrance are being held throughout the country. In just 35

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over bombing seconds, the earthquake destroyed lives, homes,

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and the heart of Haiti's government. That night, Astral Jacques lost one

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daughter and feared he would lose a second. The kid is dying in but she

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is fighting. She is infected and there is no help. Her head was open.

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Her body was crushed under the rubble. This is the spot where

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Tully up almost died. Very little has changed. -- his daughter. She

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has made a spectacular recovery. She has done well. Life is not as

:18:05.:18:15.
:18:15.:18:15.

great in Haiti, there are no jobs and I am frightened for them. But

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she is fighting. Daily life is still a struggle. Half of the

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rubble from the earthquake has been removed, but 500,000 people are

:18:27.:18:34.

still living in tents. President Michel Martelly, the singer turned

:18:34.:18:42.

leader, has promised change. were slow to move the people out of

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the camps. Lately, we have been able to do it. That is a huge gap.

:18:49.:18:55.

This park was a sea of tends immediately after the earthquake.

:18:55.:18:59.

Now those families have moved out, and normal life is returning. For

:18:59.:19:05.

Patients, it is a small sign of progress. -- the people of Haiti.

:19:05.:19:09.

Jessica has been given a grant to move into this tiny apartment that

:19:09.:19:16.

she shares with her five children. TRANSLATION: It is better than

:19:16.:19:22.

living in a tent. But how will I pay the rent next year? As Haiti

:19:22.:19:26.

prepares to mourn its stead, the ruins of the National Cathedral are

:19:26.:19:31.

a place for reflection and remembrance. The monumental loss is

:19:31.:19:41.
:19:41.:19:44.

still so hard to bear. Yolette Etienne joins me now, their

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director of the project for Oxfam. What was your experience of the

:19:49.:19:54.

earthquake? Thank you for having made here today. Thank you for

:19:54.:20:04.
:20:04.:20:06.

coming. -- having me. I was at work at Oxfam. I was there with my staff,

:20:06.:20:16.
:20:16.:20:16.

and we had this painful experience. We lost many staff who had been

:20:17.:20:24.

there for a long time. I live close to the office, and I helped

:20:24.:20:27.

assessed after the death of one of my colleagues who had spent 15

:20:27.:20:36.

years working with us. He was 40. And then I had to take care of my

:20:36.:20:42.

staff, to see how they could get home. We already knew that we had

:20:42.:20:47.

to be at the office tomorrow morning, because it was our mission.

:20:47.:20:53.

As Oxfam, we are not only a humanitarian organisation, we are

:20:53.:20:57.

also a redevelopment organisation, and we are supporting Haiti in

:20:57.:21:02.

development. And as well as losing staff, what was the impact on your

:21:02.:21:12.
:21:12.:21:17.

family? Why I went home, my mother was in the garden. My house was

:21:17.:21:26.

completely destroyed. But it was the same situation. I was part of a

:21:26.:21:31.

collective drama. And you had this awful experience, you lost your

:21:31.:21:36.

mother and colleagues, and you had to respond to this emergency. Two

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years on, how much progress has been made in Haiti? Now, again, I

:21:45.:21:51.

am mixing my personal motions and my responsibilities for the

:21:51.:21:55.

organisation who should support the people of Haiti to overcome this

:21:55.:22:05.
:22:05.:22:12.

situation. If we look around us, we still see people intense, and

:22:12.:22:18.

people struggling to overcome this situation. -- in tents. When you

:22:18.:22:21.

say you need to move the on the poverty, do you mean creating jobs

:22:21.:22:26.

so that Haiti can get lifted out of the situation? Exactly. That is

:22:26.:22:35.

what people are asking for. It is also trying to support people to

:22:35.:22:43.

live better. That should be the content. If we rebuild better, we

:22:43.:22:47.

should take into account people living in the countryside,

:22:47.:22:51.

supporting farmers and jobs and the young people, and women. Thank you

:22:51.:22:55.

for joining us here. And for sharing your experience of the

:22:55.:23:05.
:23:05.:23:06.

earthquake. Thank you very much. The

:23:06.:23:08.

nominations for the 2012 Brit Awards have just been revealed at a

:23:08.:23:13.

special launch in London. The 20- year-old singer-songwriter Ed

:23:13.:23:18.

Sheeran is leading the field, nominated in four categories. Let

:23:18.:23:23.

us find out who else made the nominations with Gemma Cairney from

:23:23.:23:31.

BBC Radio 1 extra. You have just hot-footed it back from the hotel!

:23:31.:23:37.

I still have my a wristband. Sheeran is talking -- topping the

:23:37.:23:42.

list. What is so special about him? I think it is quite extraordinary.

:23:42.:23:49.

Nobody really knew who he was this time last year. He has stormed it,

:23:49.:23:56.

he has worked as a toff, playing every festival and every tent. --

:23:56.:24:01.

worked really hard. As his notoriety got bigger, he would be

:24:01.:24:06.

booked in bigger tents, and I think he has really done well, he is

:24:06.:24:13.

original and organic. And he is only 20. By no! He has had three

:24:13.:24:17.

top fives already. It has happened out of nowhere. The album went

:24:17.:24:21.

Brunner! He has got a really good mind and he collaborates with other

:24:21.:24:27.

artists. He is great with a guitar, which is the most important thing.

:24:27.:24:33.

Does he write his own material? He is the husband of the Brit

:24:33.:24:38.

Awards. Best British male solo artist, best British breakthrough,

:24:38.:24:42.

best British single and British album of the year. He is going to

:24:42.:24:47.

win something. Jessie J. The wife of the Brit Awards for this year.

:24:47.:24:52.

Again, she won the Critics' Choice last year. No one knew who she was.

:24:52.:24:58.

There you are, talking to her. Amazing. She is looking absolutely

:24:58.:25:01.

amazing tonight. She went on holiday with Ellie Goulding who won

:25:01.:25:06.

the Critics' Choice the year before that. It is one big love-in over

:25:06.:25:13.

there. She is up for three awards. British team a solo artist, British

:25:13.:25:19.

breakthrough act, again, British single, Price Tag, which we all

:25:19.:25:29.
:25:29.:25:31.

remember, and those are the three. It doesn't quite spring to mind! At

:25:31.:25:40.

Dell, I do know who she is. Jessie J is up ahead of her. Yes. She is

:25:40.:25:50.
:25:50.:25:53.

up for British single and album of the year for 21. But maybe Jessie J

:25:53.:25:57.

is on the cusp of a breakthrough. It is all quite soulful, in terms

:25:57.:26:04.

of the sound. Is that the trend this year. --? In the past, decades

:26:04.:26:09.

ago, it was boy bands and it was quite manufactured. It was all

:26:09.:26:14.

image and marketing. This seems much more serious than musical.

:26:14.:26:18.

quite excited that everyone cares about real music again. Perhaps it

:26:18.:26:22.

is less image based and more about the sound of someone's voice, going

:26:22.:26:27.

back to the Critics' Choice thing, Ellie Goulding and Jessie J, this

:26:27.:26:32.

year it was Emile Sande, and if you do not know her, you need to check

:26:32.:26:38.

her out because she puts on a real performance. The whole room was

:26:38.:26:45.

just still. She has sold. She has got the vibe. It really counts.

:26:45.:26:49.

will see who is going to win next month. Gemma Cairney, thank you

:26:49.:26:57.

very much. That is it. From all the very much. That is it. From all the

:26:57.:27:02.

team here, go by. -- goodbye. For the moment, it is goodbye to spring

:27:02.:27:06.

and hollow to winter. It will feel much more like January tomorrow

:27:06.:27:12.

morning. Widespread frost starting the day. The reason for that, an

:27:12.:27:16.

area of high pressure building across the UK, blocking mild

:27:16.:27:23.

westerly winds. This is how we start the day. The blue it will

:27:23.:27:29.

show where we have the frost. Pretty sharp across northern parts.

:27:29.:27:34.

Cloudy skies across the north-west. Much of northern England across the

:27:34.:27:41.

north-west, England and the south- east. Temperatures matching. Down

:27:41.:27:45.

on recent days, but about right for this time of year. More cloud at

:27:45.:27:54.

times across Cornwall and the north and east of Wales. The wind is

:27:54.:27:58.

going to be very, very light tomorrow. That will help with the

:27:58.:28:05.

field. Rather grey skies across Northern Ireland. It should be dry,

:28:05.:28:14.

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