30/07/2013 World News Today


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me, Philippa Thomas. De US soldier who confessed to the King hundreds


of thousands of secret documents to WikiLeaks is found not guilty of


aiding the enemy. But private Bradley Manning will go to prison


after being found guilty of 21 other counts. We will have the latest in


the court martial verdict. A peace deal between Israelis and


Palestinians within nine months, the ambitious plan outlined in


Washington at the resumption of talks. Parties have agreed to remain


engaged and sustained continuous negotiations. Also coming up: A


meeting with Mohamed Morsi. The EU's top diplomat is taken to a


secret location in Egypt talks with the deposed president. Catherine


Ashton tells the BBC what happened next.


And reunited - the million-dollar violin returned to its owner, three


years after being stolen in London. Hello and welcome. The verdict has


been delivered in the landmark case of private Bradley Manning. The US


soldier responsible for the biggest week of classified documents and


history. The judge at his military town -- tribunal has said he is not


guilty of espionage. The most damaging count against him although


she has found guilty in 20 other counts. Bradley Manning release


approximately 700,000 documents to the anti-secrecy website WikiLeaks


back in 2009. The documents included 470,000 Iraq and Afghanistan


battlefield reports and 250,000 secure State Department cables


between Washington and embassies around the world. Let's get the very


latest now from Ranjini Vaidyanathan outside Fort Meade in Maryland. We


have had that verdict. Some relief for manning supporters? That is


right. The most serious charge that he faced in all those different


counts was aiding the enemy. That was a potential penalty of a life


sentence without parole. The bigger issue about that charge which is a


porters was concerned about was the message it would send out. The


prosecution working to convert Bradley Manning in this specific


charge. They said that leaking all that information to the WikiLeaks


website, it put it in the public domain for anyone, including


America's enemies to see, groups like Al-Qaeda. That is why they


wanted to be -- came to be convicted on that specific count. The judge


decided not to conflict in that but he has been convicted in 20 other


charges. We will not get a sentence tomorrow but we will get a better


idea later today from experts about how long Bradley Manning could face


in jail with those cases. Anyone is getting from 130-150 years. They are


believed the charge she was acquitted in is not being held, but


he could be facing many years in jail. It was originally -- not a


jury, it was a judge. Bradley Manning chose to be tried by a


military judge. I have been covering some of this trial and there has


been strict conditions about what and cannot be reported. At one point


when I was in the media room here, they were looking at everyone's


laptops. The Internet has been switched on and off, there have been


restrictions on when the seedings can be reported. More crucially the


judge did not allow the transcription of the case itself.


Some people have criticised how open this trial is being. Thank you very


much. Let's remind ourselves what a storm WikiLeaks caused at the time.


Here are some of the information that came out of the documents


Bradley Manning leaked. In a diplomatic cable published by the


Guardian newspaper in February 2010, the US assistant Secretary of State


for African affairs, Johnny Carson criticised China saying... It wasn't


just competitors, but American allies that find themselves suddenly


in the spotlight. At a series of meetings with President Karzai of


Afghanistan, Ambassador Karl Eikenberry wrote... That took some


smoothing over. Bradley Manning, the American


soldier at the centre of the largest leak of classified information in


history. As a young man he led an unsettled life, eventually joining


the Army and working as an intelligence and analyst. He


downloaded vast amounts of information which he passed on the


WikiLeaks information -- website which published it. This included


video of all ever strike in Afghanistan in which a group of


civilians were killed by a helicopter gunship. There were


diplomatic cables, 250,000 confidential messages which US


embassies around the world had produced over yours, some containing


embarrassing information. Judging the damage caused by this leak has


been a matter of much debate. He was arrested in 2010 and then held in


solitary confinement for many months. His treatment arouse


controversy. In the last few months, Edward Snowden, a foreman -- former


contractor, has also revealed even more information about surveillance


programmes and he also ended up working with the WikiLeaks


organisations. Bradley Manning pleaded guilty to ten of the charges


against him but went on trial for those remaining, including aiding


the enemy. His defence said he was young and naive. The prosecution


said he knew the damage he was doing.


Ahead of today's verdict, a former director of national security said


he should be punished for what he has done. Revealing information to


the public and other governments that made it difficult, very


difficult for us to carry out effective diplomacy. Diplomatic


activity and diplomacy as part of our national security. We had to


withdraw ambassadors from important countries like Mexico because of the


material he leaked. In addition, and this I think it this is a very


important point, people like Bradley Manning signed a nondisclosure


agreement, a confidentiality agreement, where they agreed to not


reveal sensitive information to the public. He revealed thousands of


diplomatic publications. For some untrained to -- as someone who was


punished as I left a protected communication in public view, it is


impossible to see how someone like that could not be punished. Let's


join Chase Madar who wrote The Passion Of Bradley Manning, the


story of the suspect Hynde largest security breach in US history. Your


reaction to this verdict? certainly could have been worse. It


is a comfort that the mostly these charges, aiding the enemy, were


dropped and they resulted in a conviction that would have


calamitous consequences for a soldier and American journalism. The


real problem that we face in national security and in national


security reporting has not been leaks and whistle-blowers but has


been extreme levels of secrecy. Vital information has been withheld


from the public, starving us of meaningful debate. That is why these


leaks are partial solution to the problem of foreign policy failure,


of which we have seen so much in the past decade. You think if he had


been found guilty of aiding the enemy, that could have shut down


journalistic reporting of material on security? It would have been far


more severe. It would have been liking liquid journalism over


journalism. -- liquid nitrogen. This is a large part of what brought us


into Iraq and into side yet and am a generation bell -- before. We pay a


high price in blood and money are being clueless. It is time that we


alerted ourselves to what the real risks are. Some say those named paid


a high price or could do in blood, insecurity and personal security.


And what he did was indiscriminate. Some indeed as saying that. But they


are not providing any concrete examples of individuals who have


been killed or maimed. I do not see to US ambassadors being recalled as


a disaster. He is on record as saying that the same thing could


have happened without the disclosures, given what it is --


inhospitable place is to journalists. But people are eager to


blame all this in Bradley Manning and WikiLeaks. Often the same people


who are silent of civilian casualties. What parallels, if any,


do you see between Bradley Manning's case and Edward Snowden's


case? They are flip side of the same coin. You have two young men in


their 20s who are doing the nuts and bolts work of American national


security. Bradley Manning who volunteered to go to Iraq. And


Snowden working domestically. The message that we are getting from


both of these young people has not been heavily processed by spin


doctors or by the legal departments of their respective bureaucracies.


It is a raw truth and it is a valuable reality check for the


American people. Chase Madar. Thank you for joining us.


The US Secretary of State John Kerry says Israeli and Palestinian


negotiators have agreed to work towards a final Middle East peace


agreement. He says that substantial to talks will begin within two


weeks. All issues will be on the table, and the stated objective is


to achieve agreement within the next main months. Mr Kerry was beating in


Washington after intensive discussions with Israeli Ms


broadsheet Tzipi Livni, and her Palestinian counterpart sir Eric


cat. The parties have agreed to remain engaged in sustained,


continuous and substance of negotiations on the core issues, and


they will meet within the next few weeks, in either Israel or the


Palestinian territories, in order to begin the process of formal


negotiation. Let's talk to our correspondence came gas is who is in


Washington. John Kerry said nine months, but I presume he did not


mean nine months to wrap up the peace deal altogether? -- Kem


Gattis. John Kerry as a knotted Mystic man. -- optimistic man. I do


not think anyone is under any illusion that it will be wrapped up


in nine months. He has an agreement that they will sit at the table for


at least nine months. If people get up every time they hit a roadblock,


every time there a crisis, then you simply cannot have sustained


negotiations for a long enough in order to reach an agreement or to


make enough progress. So the hope that is if these day at the table


for nine months, they will either really start reaching the outlines


of an agreement, or at least feel that they have made enough rug rats


and they should keep going. There are those who say that middle east


peace, it has been tried before, there have been lots of failure is.


That is because there is not enough trust between the two parties. But


the outline of the agreement is none so it does not take that much to


finalise it. They just have to agree that they will make compromises. If


there is enough trust and enough talking, they could perhaps hash out


the details within a short period of time. Can the negotiators be


confident they have public opinion behind them?


That is why President Barack Obama thought it was important to stress


that when he visited Israel earlier this year and spoke to the people


they are telling them how important it was for them, how important it


was they should understand it was for them to reach a peace deal with


the Palestinians and live in peace, side-by-side, with an independent


Palestinian state. That is not to say that the two leaders can rest


assured the public will back them. We saw the Israeli Prime Minister


over the weekend really struggled to get his cabinet to support him. But,


if the two sides agree they want to try to really get a go at this and


have agreed they are going to talk for nine months, then perhaps crises


domestically will not have that much of an impact on the course of


negotiations. But violence me. If there is an eruption of violence we


will have to see if talks can continue. -- but violence May.


Thank you. Since Mohamed Morsi was ousted from power almost four weeks


ago there has been virtually no information about Egypt's's former


president. Now the EU's former foreign policy chief Catherine


Ashton has met him and she is the first western politician to do so.


More than three weeks after his arrest, Mohamed Morsi's supporters


are camping out around the clock at the protest camp demanding his


return to power. Since the army stepped in to remove him earlier


this month he has not been seen in public and nobody knows where he


is. Now Catherine Ashton is the first outsider to have seen him.


After a night-time raid by helicopter they met for two hours at


a military facility, she does not know where. He was in good health


and good humour. He had to -- we had two hours together. He was, I think,


pleased to see me, because I know him. He had two advisers, they were


altogether. It is a military place, and the people around him do care


for him. More than 70 of Mohammed Massi's


supporters were killed in clashes with police on Saturday. -- Mohamed


Morsi's supporters. There are fears of a worse bloodbath if the


government tries to clear out the protest by force.


There are very different views, but a very, very strong common desire to


find a way through it. The situation on the ground remains explosive.


There is a lot of mistrust. Lady Ashton has been trying to identify


confidence building steps that may encourage dialogue on a political


way out. Where does pick up with our


correspondent in Cairo now. How have President Morsi's supporters been


reacting to the news he has managed to see a diplomat and some word has


come out? Well, I think they knew he was alive


and presumed he was well, but I think there is some relief he is


apparently in good shape, according to Lady Ashton, and of course they


would like to see him themselves. They have not seen him since the 3rd


of July, when the generals stepped in and displaced him, and he has


been dissed -- detained in a place she does not even know, having been


there, she was taken there in army helicopters to this installation


where he is being held. Presumably it is outside Cairo, but you never


know. Maybe she was just taken up and flown around the sky and plonked


down nearby. She does not know where she was and of course the rest of


Egypt doesn't normally appears, because if they did a large number


of people would have made their way there. -- doesn't know where he is.


If they didn't storm they would at least be holding protests outside


demanding his release. There is a big protest building up outside the


mosque, the Rabaa al-Adawiya Mosque on the eastern side of town, all


demanding that he be freed and restored to the presidency as the


first step in any kind of reconciliation, dialogue process


moving things forward again. As you say, there are supporters


moving towards another big demonstration, there is a threat in


the air that gathering could be dealt with very firmly.


Yes, there is a stand-off, and the interim authorities have made it


clear that, if there are what they call violations - in other words any


violence from those protesters - should they try to approach military


installations, should the attack or least they should or whatever, it


would lead to what they call a firm, resolute response. Of course, coming


on the back of more than 70 people, the figure has now gone up to 80


people, killed on Saturday morning in a shooting attributed largely to


the police, although the Interior Ministry has denied that, obviously


there is potential for another big explosion. It is very definitely


there and that could really knocked sideways the efforts by Catherine


Ashton and local negotiators to try to get some kind of process,


something of dialogue under way. I know you will keep us up-to-date


with that, thank you. Caliban fighters, some disguised as


police and armed with rocket pool -- rocket propelled grenades have


stormed a prison in north-west Pakistan releasing almost 250


inmates, 30 of them described by officials as hard-core militants.


James Robinson reports. This was a major assault but the


prison's defences proved inadequate.


Dozens of Taliban militants apparently came in a convoy. The


Pakistani Taliban say they sent 100 fighters to free some of the top


leaders. They were armed with rocket propelled grenades and explosives.


Some were dressed in police uniform. The attack was launched with a huge


explosion. Locals say it rattled every house in the neighbourhood.


The militants knocked out power supplies before blowing up the walls


and storming the deal. Officials say they used a loud-hailer to call for


some prisoners by name. Both the Taliban and Pakistani authorities


say around 250 prisoners escaped, including some 30 militant leaders.


Dera Ismail Khan, where the attack took place, is meant to be disabled


area, the part of north-west Pakistan that is supposed to be


controlled by the government. Militants have emerged from the


tribal areas and done what they wanted to do. Pakistan authorities


reported to have received intelligence about an impending


attack two weeks ago. Prison of visuals said they did not expected


to come so soon. -- prison officials. It adds to Pakistan's


government's in -- embarrassment. An inquiry has been promised, but after


a similar successful Taliban attack on another prison last year, many


are demanding to know how the militants were able to do the same


thing all over again. Let's give you a look at some of the


day's other news. Investigations into the railway


accident in Spain that killed 79 people showed the driver was on the


phone at the time of the crash. A court has heard the driver was


talking to an official of the National rail company. He was


apparently consulting a paper document at the time. He has been


charged with multiple counts of negligent homicide.


Thousands of people packed into a sports hall in the southern Italians


town for a service for 38 people who died at the weekend in the worst


road accident in Italian history. The Italian Prime Minister, Enrico


Letta, was among crowds during the day of national mourning.


The Supreme Court in Italy is considering an appeal from former


prime ministers Silvio Berlusconi who will decide whether he has to


serve a prison sentence for tax fraud.


If he loses he could be barred from public office. The case started


seven years ago and was about TV rights but by his company, Mediaset.


A rare violin worth more than �1 million stolen three years ago has


been found. The 300-year-old Stradivarius was taken from the


Korean violinist Min-Jim Kym when she was eating in a cafe at a London


railway station. Our arts editor has the story.


Nicola Benedetti at last year's Proms, playing a Stradivarius


violin, a rare and extreme leave valuable -- extremely valuable


instrument. There are only a few hundred in the world, each expert


report, with its own unique voice. If you're lucky enough to have one,


you tend to keep it close by, even when stopping for a bite to eat. The


celebrated violinist Min-Jim Kym was in this sandwich shop near Euston


station in 2010. She was chatting to a friend, looking at her phone, when


she turned to check on her Stradivarius, only to find to her


absolute horror it been stolen. is the instrument I had been playing


on since I was a teenager, so it was a huge part of my identity. I


remember saying to the officer who I spoke to in the immediate aftermath


of reporting the violin stolen, I said, please tell me this is a


nightmare, please tell me I am going to wake up in five minutes and it is


going be fine. He said, I'm terribly sorry, but this is actually real.


is 300 years old and worth �1.2 million... The theft featured on the


BBC's Crimewatch programme along with images of the suspects.


The thieves were duly arrested and prosecuted in 2011, but, much to


Min-Jim Kym's disappointment, her violin was not recovered. Then, last


week, she received a text from the investigating police officer.


it is Andy Rose here, please give me a call when you get this message, I


have some good news for you. And I thought, it can't be.


It can! The police had found her Stradivarius in a property in the


Midlands, intact, having only suffered very minor damage. Min-Jim


a military court in the United States has found US soldier Bradley


Manning not guilty of aiding the enemy, although he does admit


leaking many secret documents to WikiLeaks. That is all from our


programme, from all of the team, Good evening. It is the


weatherman's favoured cliche, a real mixed bag of weather. That is


exactly what we can expect in the next few days. Tomorrow, heavy rain


for some, but equally dry weather for others. Northern areas looking


mostly drive through the day tomorrow, further south as this


succession of weather fronts approaches from the Atlantic, we are


going to see increasing amounts of cloud and rain, heaviest across the


western side of the country, lighter and patchy further east. The rain


setting in across Wales, it could be a very wet warming in the south-west


of Wales. -- wet warm -- morning. This belt of rain will reach


Northern Ireland quickly, dry start here but turning increasingly cloudy


with outbreaks of rain into the evening. For Scotland, some showers


in the far north, but for the most part are much drier day than of late


with some cells -- spells of sunshine. Northern England has the


rain, eastern side of the pair lanes is likely to be light and patchy, as


it will be for most of East Anglia. To the size of the rain band things


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