31/07/2013 World News Today


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This is BBC Worthwhile News Today. Enough is enough: Egypt's military


says it will take all necessary measures to clear mass sit-ins by


supporters of ousted President Morsi. It raises the prospect of yet


more blood shed after a month of clashes. She is are the scenes live


in Cairo with the protesters still refusing to leave. Robert Mugabe


tries to extend his 33-year stint as president. His rival hopes it will


be third time lucky for him. Also coming up: the curse of Cannes


as the French Riviera city falls to another robbery.


We have had the Hollywood take, but now we have the real film from a


German prisoner of war. Hello, and welcome. Tensions are


intensifying yet further in Cairo this evening following the latest


warning from Egypt's military. Their message to,ers of deposed Egyptian


president Morsi are to ban the protests immediately or face the


consequences. This is the keep outside the Raba Alawadiyah mosque.


The government says they pose an unacceptable threat to national


security, and a warning also necessary measures will be taken to


remove them. These were the words of the country's informationminister.


minister. . To safeguard national security in


the supreme interests of the country to ensure civil peace in people's


safety, the cabinet has decided to take all necessary measures to


counter those risks and put an end to the protests, so the Minister of


Interior has been assigned to take all necessary steps in this regard


within the constitution and the law. . Get the latest now from the BBC's


correspondent from Cairo. Has there been any move so far by the army to


clear these demonstrations? We've seen no immediate increase in the


security presence around these two sites. One that you mentioned to the


east of Cairo, close to the mosque, the other close to the main campus


of Cairo University. Actually, the scenes there remained quite calm


soon after this statement was - soon after this statement was issued,


people were settling down to have their Ifkar meal which breaks the


fast during the holy time of Ramadan. There's no time being given


in the statement, but there's speculation that there could be


action taken very soon. Interestingly, there were comments


given by the interior minister, and of course it is it's the interior


ministry that controls the police here in Egypt. The suggestion that


the police would be used to clear these squares, and the interior


minister said that steps would be taken gradually: first of all, there


would be warnings given, and then the idea that there would be


different methods of crowd dispersal that would be used, perhaps the use


of water canon, and tear-gas - things like that. Former President


Morsi has been visited by several international leaders in the past


few days. Has he actually appeared on TV, though, or spoken to any of


his supporters? . Mr Morsi is being kept in an indisclosed location. The


first person we know that actually visited him in an official capacity


was of course the EU foreign policy chief Catherine Ashton earlier this


week. This was the first person to have visited him in custody where


he's being held since 3 July. Then there's been an African Union


delegation who we understand were able to visit him earlier as well.


Now, there are other EU envoys that are now coming to Egypt hoping to


try to mediate in this crisis; also a couple of US Senators are planning


to come within the next week, so, really, the international community


is trying to keep up a lot of pressure on Egypt at the moment. I


think that is why it's really stressing that it is taking measures


within the new constitution, within the frame of that measures which it


says are legal in order to try to disperse these protests. It won't


want to see the same repetition of blood shed and violence that we had


more than 260 people have been killed here in clashes in the past


month, and of course more than 70 were killed on Saturday.


. Turned out in huge numbers in Zimbabwe today as the country's


ageing leader Robert Mugabe seeking office for the seventh time promised


free and fair elections, promising to stand down if he lost. Morgan


Tsvangirai, forced out of the race of 2008, after 200 of his supporters


were killed, said he took Mr Mugabe's promise with "a pinch of


salt" amid allegations that the 89-year-old leader was trying to rig


the election. A bitterly cold morning in the


Amabari township of Harare. Voters queued early to cast their ballots.


It's been an unusual election by Zimbabwean standards: free of


violence and intimidation. We don't want anything like violence. We want


to vote peacefully. We want to receive whatever will be the outcome


- the outcome must be respected by each and every contender in this


election. But it's not free of accusations of foul play. The Prime


Minister Morgan Tsvangirai, both partner and rival to President


Robert Mugabe in a difficult coalition, believes the state is


involved in a massive rigging exercise against him. For 33 years,


Zimbabwe has only ever known one leader, and President Mugabe is


seeking a further five-year mandate from his people at the age of 89. He


says if he loses this time, he will step down. The process is going


well. People are voting very freely, we're very happy. President Robert


Mugabe is seeking his seventh term in office. The president insists


there's no need to rig votes, saying that he believes the people of


Zimbabwe still have faith in his ZANU-PF party. Regional observers


may hold the key to this election. They are the ones who will


ultimately decide whether it is free, fair, and credible. A. The


first place I call in this morning, the opened promptly at 7 o'clock,


and they haven't - there hasn't been any serious incident. The day s


ahead will be tense ones for Zimbabwe as the polls close and the


counting begins. The question Zimbabweans will be asking is


whether the result will herald the end of an era and change, or deliver


yet another messy and disputed outcome.


. I've been speaking to her a few minutes ago and asked her if there


is any evidence emerging so far of vote-rigging. At this stage, the


Zimbabwe Electoral Commission hasn't shown us any evidence of that. They


held a press briefing earlier today saying basically that the election


process was going smooth and the situation in the country has been


relatively peaceful, and we've seen of course President Robert Mugabe


saying there's no need for him to rig any votes because he believes


the people still have faith in his ZANU-PF, but, at the same time, the


Prime Minister Morgan Tsvangirai said he thinks that President Mugabe


will want to win these elections by hook or by crook. There are some


allegations suggesting that the elect troll roll includes 100,000


people over the age of 100 - this is in a country where life speck tansy


is about 50, and 8 million ballot papers for voters numbering 6.5


million. Who is there as an electoral observer? Which countries


are monitoring things? Well, it's mostly regional observers from the


African Union and SADC. We've also seen the former president of the


former my jeeria, President Olusegun Obasanjo, who has been visiting a


number of polling stations around Zimbabwe, and he's saying he's ified


with the process so far and he's not wanted to touch on any allegations


of a rigged vote. What is the time framework now for people who have


been queuing at voting stations? Will everyone who turned up be able


to cast their vote? From what we are seeing, a lot of polling stations


are wrapping up, trying to close as soon as they can, but, of course,


some others, they have had to extend their time because they are staying


that people who were already in the queue by 7 o'clock this evening need


to be allowed to vote, and that process could lead us up to


midnight. Of course, it will be a very anxious few days for a lot of


Zimbabweans who are still thinking about the events that took place in


2008 of incidents of violence and intimidation, and intimidation of


opposition party members, but they are saying that whatever happens,


they're ready to move forward to a new Zimbabwe.


. A London-based actress supported her mother's bid to become an


independent Senator during the 2008 elections in Zimbabwe. She later


wrote a play about her experiences called Chasing the Moon. I asked her


how optimistic she was about this election. I think the atmosphere in


general in Zimbabwe, the environment is a lot more positive than it was


in 2006, 2007, 2008. Every time I used to go home with the


hyperinflation, the food in the shops, the infrastructure sort of


being bombed silently which was really quite terrifying, so it was


an anxious election in 2008. Of course it is this time as well


because we all want change or progress or for our political


situation to it's a lot less polarised an environment now because


the place has been forced to work together. You were arrested back in


2008 as well. Does there appear to be any evidence of that now? What


was it like for you back then? funnily, election day itself, and


election campaigning in 2008, I was with a group called Movambo which


was a movement of independent candidates - my mum was one of them.


The same, as I am sure for many grass-roots campaigns this time, the


day itself went very well and it was a change when the lights came down


and became dark. After that, of course, during the run-off - that is


when things got really scary and very depressing. Although there's a


positive atmosphere right now, it's over the next few days when we will


really see what the temperature will be. Do you think there's a real


prospect Robert Mugabe could lose this, although given the allegations


this is an election he can't fail but to win. I have absolutely no


idea what he will do. I would say that it would surprise people


certainly in Britain how many people actually do support Robert Mugabe,


and, of course, there are a lot of people who support Morgan


Tsvangirai, but I think it would surprise people to know that a lot


of grassroots, ordinary people, and Africans in general, do support him,


so I wouldn't throw away his claims completely. I mean, part of this


situation that I think is very different in 2008 to what we have


now in 2013, how the world has changed since then, is really the


Arab Spring, and that really big change that happened there. .


interesting, because I was reading I think most, 85 per cent of


Zimbabweans have mobile phones, and when you look at what happened in


North Africa, it was that, really, which helped mobilise people in such


numbers. Is there a chance that something like that could happen in


Zimbabwe? I think we have had our moments and our chances for that


over the past decade, and it didn't happen for whatever reasons. But I


think, looking at the last ten years, we are a country that went


through a civil war; we are a country that went through quite a


hectic revolution in the 1970s, and we have gone through a lot of


growing pains over the past ten years. My sense is that, when we


look at the Arab spring, and the very fast change that happened


there, and how inspiring that is on many levels, but also how damaging


that is to the infrastructure of many countries, I think, in some


ways, although what we have in Zimbabwe overt four years and what


we may possibly have in the next, is something more of a compromise,


something more complex, a more slower change. In some ways, that


may be better than a revolution which absolutely destroys us and has


us fighting each other, which what it seemed like in 2008 - it really


seemed like there would be more blood on the streets and it doesn't


seem that way now, which is good. We are a peaceful people and that is


showing that. Now, it may be a favourite of the world's rich and


famous, but Cannes on the French Riviera is also turning into


something of a thieves' paradise. Three days ago, ?100 million of


jewels were followingen. There's been a further robbery in the same


city. It's embarrassing for the police of Cannes. What happened


today? Not just the same town, the same street, just a few hundred


metres from where the Carlton Hotel robbery took place on Sunday. A


jeweller's shop, or a watch shop, a luxury watch shop called Kronometry


was broken into in the middle of the morning, with plenty of people


around, similar scenario, this time two men, one we woulding a kind of


grenade-type device, another with a handgun, forced the staff to lie


down, and then made off withone million euros worth of watches. This


comes hot on the heels of the Carlton hotel robbery. Is the


security around the four exhibitions like this or are exhibitors expected


to handle their own security? Carlton Hotel affair, security was


not wrapped up in police were not properly kept informed of it. It was


the exhibitors and the Hotel that took care of security and that was


not enough. In this new robbery, it does not appear that there is any


connection between those who carried it out, but conceivably there is the


mood is it that it is all up for grabs, security is obviously pretty


lax everywhere should we will go for that. Now they are talking about, of


course, beefing up security lacrosse can because there is a feeling that


things have gotten out of control. Thank you very much. Now for a look


at the deep's other news. Part of China are in the grip of a heatwave


that has taken the lives of ten people in Shanghai. It is the


hottest July in 140 years, and the heat alert has been issued.


Temperatures are forecast to reach 41 degrees in some places. Footage


of meat being fried on the street has gone viral on the Internet.


The latest official figures show that unemployment in the countries


that use the euro fell by 24,000 in June. That is the first fall in two


years and suggests that the economic situation in the Eurozone may be


stabilising. Spain's Prime Minister is due to


appear in Parliament on Thursday with his party appealing allegations


-- his family fighting allegations of financial propriety. Her popular


party denies the allegations, and it has a comfortable majority in the


parliament. The prime Minister's reasons comes amid a growing sense


of crisis in Spanish politics. It is a common belief in the streets


of Spain. That politics can be dirty. And that things need cleaning


up. No, serious corruption allegations go to the very top of


government. They linger in the media and are being investigated in


courts. The scandal broke in January. A Spanish newspaper


published documents alleged to be a list of illegal payments within


Spain's ruling popular party. The alleged author of the documents was


the former treasurer of the party. This is a clean the way denied. Even


the Spanish train Minister was alleged to have received illegal


payments. In June, one man was sent to prison in case he fled the


country. His role in the scandal was being investigated. In a four hour


interview, the former treasurer of the popular party said he did write


these documents in the past much more evidence of alleged illegal


payments within the party to journalists at this newspaper. He


had been a friend and colleague of the current prime minister, now he


is enemy number one of higher and the party. We are in the worst


moment of democracy in Spain. Except the coup d'etat of 1981. But this is


one of the worst moment in our democracy because people do not


believe in our politicians. It is like an atomic bomb is happening


here in Spain. Spin's property boom meant that lots of building


projects, plenty of credit and cash, and with it, corruption came,


too. With the property crash and economic crisis, analysts believe


that trust in politics here is that the law. The Spanish political


classes undergoing a major change, and in order to read in some level


of trust from the public there needs to be some drastic, radical reforms


of the system. Edged into the landscape is the powerful part of


Spain. This is a young democracy and many believe that the clean-up is


needed. That will restore voters trust.


You might have seen the Hollywood film the great escape about


prisoners of war who dig a tunnel in order to escape their captors. It


was based on the true story but was not the only such daring dash for


freedom during World War II. In remarkable film showing life inside


a prisoner of war camp has been seen, the footage was taken by


French prisoners and documents and other great escape.


1940, the bleak surroundings of a prison camp in Northeast Austria


holding 5000 French officers. This rarely seen footage as a 30 minute


documentary shot in secret by the prisoners themselves. Risking


death, they recorded it on a secret camera that was smuggled into the


camp with sausages. It was concealed inside a hollowed out dictionary,


8mm reels were heading in the heels of issues. The story is


extraordinary, but it is what the film that makes it all the more


remarkable. This new tenant was a former inmate, and part of the


escape committee. TRANSLATION: Wee Dougie number of titles from the hut


in which we were held. They were looking for the earth be dug out.


Eventually the dead find a way. This man's father was a prisoner and he


showed as the plans. The Germans allowed the inmates to build an


open-air theatre. That left them half the distance to go. With crude


tools, the malnourished men set to work. TRANSLATION: The wear


geologists and architects. calculated the length of the tunnel


exactly. Listing, the raffle was heading under the theatre. The


tunnel was ventilated with empty tins of peas stuck together. Teams


made clothes and false identity papers. By September 18, 1943, the


men were ready to go. TRANSLATION: There was so little space in the


tunnel that we were forced to lie in the feudal position, there was very


little error. Something good. All of the time we imagine the worst, the


German firing squad at the end of the tunnel. Once they have gone


beneath the wire they were still deep within German occupied


territory, and the 132 prisoners escape, 100 and 25 were recaptured


within one week. Only one survives to this day. To celebrate his 100th


birthday, John was recently honoured by the city of Paris. In 1943 he


found his way to Vienna where she worked as a nurse in a hospital and


eventually secured a precious weekend pass back to Paris. The


homecoming was not enough. Within weeks he had rejoined the war effort


and was no fighting for the resistance.


Amazing images. Let's talk to Tom Cook. He produced and directed


escape from Colditz. When you think back, audacious and incredibly


brave. It was incredibly brave to film. First of all, if they using


the camera we would have been prosecuted as spies. The


ramifications would have been severe. Second of all, the camera


was an old eight millimetre camera would was clockwork survey would


have had to wind it up and it would have made a wedding noise as it was


the round. It would have been difficult to operate. It paints a


picture of life inside a prison camp which is not quite as some of us


imagined. It almost seems like a university there, quite civilised.


In terms of the relationship between prisoners and their guards. It was


quite civilised, the important distinction to make was that this


was an officer 's cab, -- officers camp, so they were treated like


officers. This meant they had to do no manual labour, we had decent food


and could put on plays and things like that. It was understood in the


terms of the Geneva Convention which governs these camps that it was the


duty to try and escape, so obviously a lot of people did try and escape.


It was a real hero of cat and escape. It was a real hero of


catchments. Do we know when this was developed? They did not have a dark


room there. I do not think the dead. It must have been after the


war. It was shot like a documentary. The writing on these guys taking the


tunnel, you are right, the people who shot this seems to have a real


flair. It is shot beautifully, one of the hardest things about watching


this footage is that we have seen so many dramas and reconstructions that


it is hard to turn off and go, while, this is real. This was shot


at the time. They are actually escaping. Was there any other


original material which came from this? Or is this the only thing we


have? I think that the prison camps were fairly well documented in terms


of still photography, but mostly it was the Germans who did the


photographing. We found a tiny bit of moving footage at Colditz that


was taken by an amateur film-maker, but it is just glances of the court


heard through doorways. It was all from the German point of view. The


extraordinary thing about this and that it is from the prisoner 's


point of view, showing us the world mediated by the Germans. I think you


and other people have known about this film for quite a period of


time, haven't you? It was first aired in 1946I think, and it was


error as a state documentary using the footage they shot from the cab.


It should be better known. 70-year-old BBC exclusive would be


embarrassing! Thank you for coming in. The remainder of our main story.


He did's military backed government says it has ordered the police to


end the sit ins by thousands of supporters of the posted on Islamist


president Mohammed Morsi at two sites in Cairo. He we will bring you


the latest throughout the next few contrast across the United Kingdom,


for England and Wales at least the sunshine will be out and it will


turn hot for some of us. A different story for Scotland and Northern


Ireland, because we have these weather front working their way


north. Behind that weather front it is very warm and humid air. The low


cloud will hopefully not last for too long and there will be sunshine


across the board. In the North of England it will be 2627 degrees.


Temperatures might reach 3132 degrees in some places. With high


committee it will be uncomfortable for some of us. We will get some


more clout in the south of Cornwall but for the North Devon will have


plenty of sunshine. South Wales, too, a lovely afternoon. Apart from


some patchy cloud above the mountains, it is fine and sunny. The


script will change towards Northern Ireland, it will be wet in the


morning and he's off into the afternoon. It'll be quite wet in


central and northern Scotland. Through the evening we keep a lot of


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