01/08/2013 World News Today


01/08/2013

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in prison plus 1,000 years for the man who abducted three young women

:00:21.:00:25.

in Ohio. Ariel Castro apologises to his victims. He pleaded to have

:00:25.:00:30.

brought -- several hundred kinds including kidnap, rape and

:00:30.:00:39.

aggravated murder. I am not a monster, I am a normal person will

:00:39.:00:49.
:00:49.:00:49.

stop I am just sick. Edward Snowden slips out of Moscow airport after

:00:49.:00:59.
:00:59.:00:59.

being granted asylum in Russia. Also coming up: Robert Mugabe's

:00:59.:01:01.

challenger for President. Morgan Tsvangarai called Zimbabwe's

:01:01.:01:05.

election a huge farce amid claims of vote rigging. Uruguay is set to

:01:05.:01:08.

become the first country in the world to legalise marijuana. Will it

:01:08.:01:18.
:01:18.:01:20.

reduce drug-trafficking or simply create a nation of drug users?

:01:20.:01:24.

A US judge has given a sentence of life imprisonment without the

:01:24.:01:27.

possibility of parole to Ariel Castro, the man who has admitted

:01:27.:01:30.

holding three women captive in his house in the city of Cleveland for

:01:30.:01:40.
:01:40.:01:40.

almost a decade. The court heard he has put his victims through a life

:01:40.:01:46.

of hell. He had pleaded guilty to more than 900 cans including

:01:46.:01:50.

kidnapping, rape and the aggravated murder of an unborn child. As he

:01:50.:01:54.

addressed the court, he apologised for his actions.

:01:54.:02:04.
:02:04.:02:07.

I am truly sorry to the family, to Michelle and Amanda. You guys know

:02:07.:02:17.
:02:17.:02:20.

what went on in that film. I ask God to forgive me. I asked my family and

:02:20.:02:26.

I apologise to my family also for putting them through all of this. I

:02:26.:02:36.
:02:36.:02:36.

want to apologise to the state of a high old, the city of Cleveland. I

:02:36.:02:42.

just want to apologise to everyone who were touched by the events but I

:02:42.:02:49.

do also want to let you know that there was harmony in that home.

:02:49.:02:56.

There was harmony at home, I was a good person. I never had a record

:02:56.:02:59.

and I hope that people find it in their hearts to forgive me.

:02:59.:03:03.

One of the women abducted by Ariel Castro gave a moving account of her

:03:03.:03:13.
:03:13.:03:15.

ordeal in court. I would like to tell you what those 11 years were

:03:15.:03:22.

like for me. I mist my son every day. I wondered if I was ever going

:03:22.:03:32.
:03:32.:03:38.

to see him again. He was only 2.5 years old. I look inside my heart

:03:38.:03:46.

and I see my son. I cried every night, I was so alone. I worried

:03:46.:03:52.

about what would happen to me and the other girls every day. The day

:03:52.:03:57.

is never got shorter. The days turned into nights and night turned

:03:57.:04:07.

into days. The years turned into an eternity. I knew nobody cared about

:04:07.:04:17.
:04:17.:04:18.

me. He told me that my family didn't care. Chris Smith was the most

:04:18.:04:23.

traumatic day because I never got to spend with my son. -- Christmas.

:04:23.:04:28.

Nobody should ever have to go through what I went through, not

:04:28.:04:38.
:04:38.:04:39.

even my worst enemy. My team-mate never let me fall and I never let

:04:39.:04:44.

her fall. She nursed me back to health when I was dying from his

:04:44.:04:47.

abuse. My friendship with her was the only thing that was good out of

:04:47.:04:57.
:04:57.:05:03.

this situation. We said some day we would make it out alive, and we did.

:05:03.:05:11.

Our correspondent joins us now from Washington. It is all very

:05:11.:05:15.

distressing when you listen to what Michelle Knight was saying in court

:05:15.:05:20.

and we also heard from Ariel Castro. The judge gave a very direct

:05:20.:05:24.

consideration and give his sentence, so tell us what the judge

:05:24.:05:32.

said? The judge was very unmoved by Ariel Castro 's please. He made a

:05:32.:05:36.

long speech in which he apologised to his victims but blamed everybody

:05:36.:05:40.

else for his predicament and said, I am not a violent man, I am just

:05:41.:05:44.

sick. The judge had very little patience for that. He thoroughly

:05:44.:05:51.

went through each kind and explained to him what he was a sex offender.

:05:51.:05:58.

He gave him 1,000 years plus life, no possibility of parole and now

:05:58.:06:02.

contact with the daughter he fathered. When Michelle Knight gave

:06:02.:06:09.

that moving account, what was the demeanour of Ariel Castro as he

:06:09.:06:15.

heard one of his victims speak? Ariel Castro was instructed not to

:06:15.:06:19.

look at her. His demeanour throughout the entire sentencing

:06:19.:06:25.

hearing was one that was almost aloof. He was kicking his feet, he

:06:25.:06:30.

was fidgeting in his seat and when he had to talk, he seemed

:06:31.:06:37.

non-apologetic at all. When this name to Amanda Berry, he didn't

:06:37.:06:40.

necessarily make a scene but he later implied that because nobody

:06:41.:06:45.

mist her, it was not a real problem that he took in the first place.

:06:45.:06:48.

There was a real lack of connection between the crimes he committed and

:06:49.:06:58.
:06:59.:07:02.

his apparent remorse. 5.5 weeks in transit and Edward

:07:02.:07:07.

Snowden has finally been allowed to leave Moscow airport. He was given

:07:07.:07:13.

one-year asylum in the country and is currently in a secret location.

:07:13.:07:16.

He thanked the Russians for granting him asylum and criticised the USA

:07:16.:07:22.

for not respecting domestic or international law. He is wanted in

:07:22.:07:24.

the US for leaking classified information about US surveillance

:07:24.:07:29.

programmes. We will look at what the indications are for US and Russia

:07:29.:07:38.

relations. Edward Snowden has been stuck in the

:07:38.:07:43.

transit zone of this Moscow airport for 5.5 weeks, having arrived here

:07:43.:07:48.

from Hong Kong in June. Camera crews and photographers have been

:07:48.:07:51.

desperately trying to get a games of the former intelligence contract.

:07:51.:07:58.

Today, he left the airport and detected. He has been granted

:07:58.:08:03.

temporary asylum in Russia. His lawyer showed the relevant documents

:08:03.:08:10.

to journalists and gave his thoughts on what would happen now. As for his

:08:10.:08:14.

place of residence, he can choose that himself, he can stay in a hotel

:08:14.:08:18.

or flat. Given he is the most wanted person on, we will have to look at

:08:18.:08:26.

security arrangements. The US has charged him with leaking security

:08:26.:08:28.

details and the affair has caused diplomatic ructions around the

:08:28.:08:32.

world, upsetting the United States has allies and a traditional

:08:32.:08:39.

enemies. Since then, he has received offers of asylum from Venezuela,

:08:39.:08:43.

Nicaragua and Bolivia. He says he wants to visit those countries but

:08:43.:08:47.

his US passport has been revoked, making travel to Latin America

:08:47.:08:53.

impossible. His father, in an interview broadcast on Russian TV

:08:53.:09:00.

yesterday, said he would advise his son to stay put. I feel Russia has

:09:00.:09:04.

the strength and resolve and conviction to protect my son, to

:09:04.:09:08.

keep him out of the reach of those who would wish harm. That is why I

:09:08.:09:15.

would stay in Russia and that is what I hope he will do. This latest

:09:15.:09:24.

move by Russia both can -- make more diplomatic tensions. The Prime

:09:24.:09:29.

Minister -- the President may even my cot meetings with President Putin

:09:29.:09:38.

in September. What are the implications for US and Russia

:09:38.:09:41.

relations? Andrew Kurchins is director and senior fellow at the

:09:41.:09:45.

Russia and Eurasia Programme at the CSIS, the Centre for Strategic and

:09:45.:09:50.

International Studies. Is he big enough to be a big problem between

:09:50.:09:57.

the US and Russia? It is big enough to be a considerable problem between

:09:57.:10:01.

the two countries and even the fact that the President Obama

:10:01.:10:07.

administration is considering cancelling the meeting in Saint

:10:07.:10:10.

Petersburg next month is significant. I think it is

:10:10.:10:15.

worthwhile looking at the options that Edward Snowden had coming out

:10:15.:10:22.

of the transit zone. One option was that he would be extradited directly

:10:22.:10:27.

by the Russians to the United States. Frankie, I don't think

:10:27.:10:32.

anybody considered that a realistic option and if we turned the tables

:10:32.:10:38.

and imagined if the Russian equivalent had arrived with a

:10:38.:10:41.

treasure trove of secrets and intelligence, it is unlikely that he

:10:41.:10:46.

would be extradited back to the Russian Federation. Another scenario

:10:47.:10:52.

would have Edward Snowden going to a third country. That is a worse

:10:53.:10:57.

option than the one we have now. Why? If he goes to a third country,

:10:57.:11:01.

the current -- likelihood that this information will be disseminated

:11:01.:11:07.

further and wider is all the greater. It leaves us with the may

:11:07.:11:15.

be best case realistic option that was available for Edward Snowden in

:11:15.:11:21.

terms of the United States. The upside right now is that US

:11:21.:11:24.

authorities and citizens including his family have the opportunity to

:11:24.:11:28.

talk directly with him. He will have the chance to get a clear

:11:28.:11:31.

understanding of what he would face if he were to return to the United

:11:31.:11:39.

States. How worried you think the US is that he might make more

:11:39.:11:43.

revelations about US surveillance programmes and would it be in the

:11:43.:11:53.
:11:53.:11:55.

Russians interests to have him say more? I think it is a legitimate

:11:55.:11:58.

concern upon the US authorities that Edward Snowden could make further

:11:58.:12:07.

revelation that could be damaging to US security interests. I don't think

:12:07.:12:13.

President Putin wants Edward Snowden to disseminate the information any

:12:13.:12:17.

further to other countries, that devalues the information the

:12:17.:12:20.

Russians and Chinese have already gleaned from Edward Snowden. There

:12:20.:12:23.

may be information that would be embarrassing to the Russian

:12:23.:12:31.

Federation if Edward Snowden were to reveal it. To some extent, it may

:12:31.:12:36.

sound unconventional but there is some shared common interest between

:12:36.:12:39.

the United States and the Russians that Edward Snowden be kept under

:12:39.:12:48.

tight wraps and I think we can assume that a trader of state

:12:48.:12:52.

secrets is not the kind of person that President Putin looks upon with

:12:53.:12:58.

fondness. Do you think in a few months time, he will slip out of

:12:58.:13:05.

Russia and everyone will forget about him briefly? Slip quietly?

:13:05.:13:10.

Probably not. If he makes the decision that he can return to the

:13:10.:13:16.

United States. It is a long shot but not beyond the realm of possibility

:13:16.:13:26.
:13:26.:13:31.

and the Russians would be likely to him go. A court hearing in Italy has

:13:31.:13:38.

upheld. Mr Silvio Berlusconi faces has arrested instead of going to

:13:38.:13:44.

jail. Let us remind ourselves of the case. Silvio Berlusconi was

:13:44.:13:50.

convicted in October 2012 of tax fraud, reading to his firm. He was

:13:50.:13:54.

given a four-year sentence, reduced to one year. In May 24 team, an

:13:54.:14:00.

appeals court reinstated the original four-year sentence. Today's

:14:00.:14:05.

outcome is the result of his final appeal against that conviction. Let

:14:05.:14:14.

us get more on this from our correspondent in Rome. Is this what

:14:14.:14:21.

everybody was expecting? A day of rising tension as you can imagine,

:14:21.:14:28.

half of Italy transfixed out this court case. Silvio Berlusconi has

:14:28.:14:32.

been the most influential politician in this country for the better part

:14:32.:14:36.

of 20 years. Prime Minister three times and yet, as you say, the

:14:36.:14:40.

appeal Court judges have upheld the verdict against him. They decided he

:14:40.:14:45.

was indeed will of systematic tax evasion and that he should serve a

:14:45.:14:50.

prison sentence. It is not quite as dramatic as it sounds because as you

:14:50.:14:58.

said, the system here is lenient on men in their 70s like Mr Berlusconi.

:14:58.:15:02.

He is much more likely to injure some humiliation like house arrest

:15:02.:15:06.

or committee service but make no mistake, this has been a devastating

:15:06.:15:13.

verdict for him. There is no appeal from here, this will be permanently

:15:13.:15:16.

part of his record and he will certainly see this as one of the

:15:16.:15:22.

darkest days in his extraordinary political career. It has come to an

:15:22.:15:27.

end, it would seem. Is that going to cause problems for Italy

:15:27.:15:36.

politically? He is of course a very influential figure? It is very

:15:36.:15:38.

important to say that there was another punishment that could have

:15:38.:15:43.

been handed down to him here this evening. There was in that court

:15:44.:15:50.

verdict, a measure to bar him from public office but that has not been

:15:50.:15:54.

enforced. The appeal Court judges were not happy with that aspect of

:15:54.:15:58.

the verdict and they say that it will now have two go back to the

:15:58.:16:02.

lower court to be re-examined so effectively, he is not being barred

:16:02.:16:06.

from public office. If he had been, there would have been political

:16:06.:16:11.

ructions. You would have expected him to fight that verdict in every

:16:11.:16:15.

way that he could and he could have challenged it in the highest house

:16:15.:16:20.

of the Italian parliament but as I say, that barred from public office

:16:20.:16:30.
:16:30.:16:36.

is not been in force to stop it would have to be re-examined.

:16:36.:16:45.

you for bringing those that. To Zimbabwe now. President Robert

:16:45.:16:49.

Mugabe's ZANU-PF party says it has won the hotly contested presidential

:16:49.:16:54.

election, even though votes are still being counted. One independent

:16:55.:16:57.

group of election observers says voting was seriously compromised

:16:57.:17:03.

because of 2 million people may have been unable to vote in areas where

:17:03.:17:08.

support for Robert Mugabe's rival Morgan Tsvangirai is strong.

:17:08.:17:18.
:17:18.:17:21.

President Robert Mugabe's supporters are strong. This has been a huge

:17:21.:17:28.

force. It has been marred by legal violations which affect the

:17:28.:17:38.
:17:38.:17:39.

legitimacy of this outcome. This is what he's complaining about. Footage

:17:39.:17:42.

allegedly showing supporters of Robert Mugabe being brought in to

:17:42.:17:48.

vote illegally. Based on the empirical reports from observers,

:17:48.:17:55.

the credibility of the 2013 elections seriously compromised by a

:17:55.:18:02.

systematic effort to disenfranchise up to 1 million voters. Five years

:18:02.:18:11.

ago, Zimbabwe's election ended in chaos. A power-sharing government

:18:11.:18:17.

followed. President Robert Mugabe always kept a tight grip on security

:18:17.:18:27.
:18:27.:18:27.

forces. With the economy stabilised, his campaign to seize control of

:18:27.:18:30.

businesses was popular. Today, Robert Mugabe and his party could be

:18:30.:18:40.
:18:40.:18:43.

heading for a landslide, stolen or otherwise. Simba and Saint Barbie"

:18:43.:18:49.

neighbours seem unlikely to challenge the result - - Zimbabwe's

:18:49.:18:55.

neighbours seem unlikely to challenge the result.

:18:55.:19:00.

Do you think these allegations about vote rigging will be enough to

:19:00.:19:10.
:19:10.:19:11.

invalidate the election poster Mark I don't think so. - - do you think

:19:11.:19:14.

these allegations about vote rigging will be enough to invalidate the

:19:14.:19:23.

elections? I do not think so. I think these allegations should be

:19:23.:19:33.
:19:33.:19:38.

investigated, but at the end of the day, if the election is ratified, I

:19:38.:19:47.

think that will very much be it. We might have two parallel track. Going

:19:47.:19:52.

forward, you will probably find a new government will be put into

:19:52.:20:02.
:20:02.:20:03.

place fairly soon. If more than strangler I - - if Morgan Tsvangirai

:20:03.:20:09.

says these elections are a bit of faith farce, it will be a come-down

:20:09.:20:19.
:20:19.:20:23.

for him to say, all right. I think it is a friend scenario here. - - I

:20:23.:20:28.

think it is a different scenario here. If the election is ratified,

:20:28.:20:38.
:20:38.:20:47.

the MDC may contested, but there will be a another government. If it

:20:47.:20:57.
:20:57.:20:59.

is a ZANU-PF, there will not be that much pressure to include MDC

:20:59.:21:09.
:21:09.:21:15.

members. I think the pressure will be more on the MDC. If the group of

:21:15.:21:21.

southern African nations say these elections were fed by and large - -

:21:21.:21:26.

fair by and large, what positions is up at the international community

:21:26.:21:31.

in? It puts the cat among the pigeons in the international

:21:31.:21:41.
:21:41.:21:44.

community. They either go along with the African poster if - -

:21:44.:21:51.

perspective, or the international community say they do not see the

:21:51.:21:58.

elections as being credible. Then we would be back to the disconnect,

:21:58.:22:05.

like before 2008. We have had more than a decade of that. Is it your

:22:05.:22:11.

guess that the MDC will contest the result? It is hard to say. I imagine

:22:11.:22:19.

they will. I think it will be important for the electoral

:22:19.:22:22.

commission to take the challenges seriously. I do not hit changing

:22:22.:22:28.

actual outcome. Thank you very much.

:22:28.:22:34.

And Uruguay is on course to become the first country in the world to

:22:34.:22:38.

legalise marijuana. A bill has been approved by the lower house of

:22:38.:22:42.

parliament and is expected to be passed by the Senate. It means

:22:42.:22:43.

Uruguay will have stage when authorities regulating the

:22:43.:22:50.

production, distribution and sale of marijuana. President Josey Mojica's

:22:50.:22:53.

government backs the law, and says it will undermine the legal drug

:22:53.:23:00.

market by taking a profit from the dealers. What does this mean for

:23:00.:23:06.

Latin America? Will other countries follow and how will Washington

:23:06.:23:13.

respond? Peter Hakim is Emeritus President of the Inter-American

:23:13.:23:16.

Dialogue, a US centre for policy analysis on the Americas. He joins

:23:16.:23:24.

me from Washington. Are you require a kind of experiment for the rest of

:23:24.:23:34.
:23:34.:23:39.

Latin America? ? - - are Uruguay kind of experiment? The US started

:23:39.:23:43.

the experimentation when the states of Washington and Colorado legalise

:23:43.:23:47.

the recreational use of marijuana. There are still a lot of questions.

:23:47.:23:53.

Some will be answered by Uruguay. Other countries are clearly

:23:53.:24:03.

interested in finding new ways of eating drug addiction, and criminal

:24:03.:24:07.

violence - - new ways of beating drug addiction and criminal

:24:07.:24:17.
:24:17.:24:24.

violence. It is not marijuana people are worried about, really. It is

:24:25.:24:33.

more heroin and cocaine and harder drugs, isn't it? Oh, absolutely.

:24:33.:24:37.

There is a question about whether marijuana is a significant factor in

:24:37.:24:42.

violence. Prohibition against marijuana have caused a lot of grief

:24:43.:24:52.
:24:53.:24:54.

for young people, people who are courts and in trouble with the law.

:24:54.:24:58.

Prisons are filled up in the United States by people who have been

:24:58.:25:06.

involved with drugs. It is an immense cost. Maybe Uruguay will

:25:07.:25:09.

provide the beginning of the different approach to drugs, an

:25:09.:25:16.

approach that legalises but at the same time helps health services and

:25:16.:25:26.
:25:26.:25:30.

community services. Overall, the objective in some ways is to not

:25:30.:25:38.

simply eliminate the drug, but to eliminate the primary violence

:25:39.:25:44.

associated. You think the United States and Latin America CI two I on

:25:44.:25:52.

this issue - - do you think the United States and Latin America see

:25:52.:26:02.
:26:02.:26:04.

I to I on this? It is not working for Latin America. You see crime and

:26:04.:26:14.
:26:14.:26:20.

violence at high levels. The United States seems to have it struck Rob

:26:20.:26:27.

under control - - the United States seems to have it drug problem under

:26:27.:26:37.
:26:37.:26:41.

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