02/08/2013 World News Today


02/08/2013

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Zeinab Badawi. The great survivor of African politics looks like he's

:00:10.:00:15.

done it again. Robert Mugabe and his Zanu-PF Party say they have won

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Zimbabwe's elections by a landslide but the opposition say it was

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stolen.. Is Zimbabwe now heading towards instability and uncertainty?

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A worldwide warning to Americans abroad - the State Department says

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Al-Qaeda might be planning terrorist attacks in the Middle East and

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beyond. Also coming up: What's so special about this ring that's

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prevented an American pop star from taking it out of Britain?

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And text, sex and politics. As Anthony Weiner tries to become New

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:00:58.:01:07.

York mayor, we'll get an expert's 90 but Robert Mugabe still has the

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ability to out manoeuvre his opponents and his Zanu-PF Party does

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enjoy considerable grassroots support in Zimbabwe. The party is

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claiming it has won a clear majority in the elections and that Mr Mugabe

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will return as president. Two African observer missions have given

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their broad support for the election process. But the opposition MDC and

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its candidate for president Morgan Tsvangarai have said they won't

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accept the results, alleging massive fraud. Our African correspondent

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Andrew Harding reports. President Mugabe is on a roll. The

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green bits show what his party has been winning seats. As more results

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come in, a crushing majority is looking certain. ZANU-PF, 12,708.

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Officially we do not know if Mugabe has kept his job but his team seems

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certain. The indications from the elections are that we are going to

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have a landslide victory, unprecedented landslide victory.

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African observers have expressed concerns about ridding with voters

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denied access to the polls. Overall, the foreign monitors seem convinced

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the results should stand. We do not believe that these incidences will

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amount to not representing the will of the people. On the streets, there

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is anger amongst Mugabe's opponents convinced they have been cheated of

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victory. We cannot take it any more, the youths are suffering, there is

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so much apathy. You cannot take it any more. But it is also clear

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President Mugabe enjoys far more popularity in Zimbabwe than some

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would like to believe. Zimbabwe is entering legal challenges and

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uncertainty but the facts on the ground seem pretty clear, President

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Mugabe will keep his job, his grip on power is perhaps as strong as

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ever and there's not much has critics at home or abroad can do to

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:03:38.:03:38.

change that. Well, let's get the latest from an

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academic and human rights activist from Zimbabwe. Is this all looking

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like a bit of a mess in Zimbabwe? Come again, I did not get your

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question. Is this looking like a mess, one side saying they won and

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the other side are saying we do not think the election was correct.

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Well, I don't see it as a mess, really. It is just that these are

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some of the sentiments we should expect when people find themselves

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in an election and one that has been highly contested like this in

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Zimbabwe. But I want us to understand today has been a lot of

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people underestimated ZANU-PF and the opposition party overstated

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their support to the extent of being reckless in their campaign. This is

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a shocker to them. We should not really expect that it will turn out

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to be something quite of a mess. It will turn out to be something

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positive for Zimbabwe. If the African observer missions say these

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elections have been both free and fair, the moment they say quite

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free, we do not know about fair, but if they say they were all right

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basically the MDC will have no choice but to accept? Well, they

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will be left with no choice that is if you remember yesterday also the

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South African president Jacob Zuma also said on TV live on TV that if

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the MDC is complaining there has been irregularities they must

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provide evidence so there will -- they will be in an invidious

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position to supply evidence the elections were rigged but so far we

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know the observers have given it the thumbs up and that in itself is a

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big roost for the outcome, particularly for ZANU-PF. I see but

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it is not like 2008, we have had a power-sharing coalition with the MDC

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and ZANU-PF and the MDC, people say it has lost its lustre while it has

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been in power, how far is that true? To an extent that is quite true. Its

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greatest undoing, the MDC has been involved in global political

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argument, the coalition, they failed to operate and to perform. A lot of

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them were philandering, we know about Morgan Tsvangirai and we also

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know how most of them enjoyed the trappings of power and that was to

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ZANU-PF's gain and they presented them to the people to say that these

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people have been claiming they want to bring change but look at what

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they are doing, this is the change they will bring. A lot of swing

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voting has happened. Very quickly, and briefly, if ZANU-PF are the

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outright winners, people all over the world should not say there was

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vote rigging and by and large it is a credible result? I think it is a

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credible result. We should have expected this. Thank you as always

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for your brilliant analysis. Supporters of Egypt's deposed

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president, Mohamed Morsi, are staging rallies in Cairo, two days

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after the military-backed government authorised the police to disperse

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the sit-ins. This is the scene outside the Rabaa al-Adawiya mosque

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in Cairo. The demonstrations are taking place a day after the US

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Secretary of State, John Kerry, said the armed forces were in effect

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restoring democracy when they removed Mr Morsi - the country's

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first democratically elected leader. Those are the pictures live from

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Cairo at that mass rally. A world-wide warning has been issued

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to American citizens abroad. The US State Department says Al-Qaeda and

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related militant groups might be planning a terrorist attack during

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the month of August in the Middle East and beyond. David Willis joins

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us now from our Washington Bureau. A fairly broad warning, what is the

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State Department saying? A broad warning geographically at least. The

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State Department putting out this worldwide travel advisory, warning

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of a potential threat to American citizens from Al-Qaeda or its

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affiliates and it is urging American citizens of the dangers of a

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possible attack on tourist facilities or on public transport

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systems in North America or the Middle East, urging Americans to be

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aware of their surroundings and adopt appropriate safety measures to

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protect themselves. It recommends you are citizens register with the

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embassy in the country they are visiting. All of this comes a day

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after the State Department announced it would be closing 21 embassies or

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consulates overseas in 18 different countries on Sunday for the day.

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Sunday is a normal business day in the Muslim world out of what it

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called an abundance of caution and in the interests of those who might

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be visiting the facilities. It is cautious there might be some sort of

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attack involving a crowd of people queueing for a Visa, perhaps.

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thank you, David. The president-elect of Iran Hassan

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Rohani is due to be sworn in on Sunday and already he's created

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something of a stir. He was quoted as describing Israel as a wound that

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must be removed during a pro-Palestinian rally in Teheran.

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But in footage seen by the BBC Mr Rouhani criticised the Israeli

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occupation of Palestinian land, but did not say Israel itself should be

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removed. State media in Iran has accused two other Iranian news

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agencies of distorting comments made by Mr Rouhani. We will talk about

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this with my colleague in a moment but let's look at who Hassan Rowhani

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is. He has strong links with Britain. Ichard Galpin has gone to

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Scotland to find out more about him. Glasgow, not unobvious place for an

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Iranian cleric and senior politician to study. But in the 1990s Hassan

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Rowhani came to Glasgow Caledonian University is a postgraduate student

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researching Islamic law. Known then as something else, he received a

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doctorate in 1999. For a thesis on the flexibility of sharia, Islamic

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law with reference to the Iranian experience. He did most of his

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research in Iran while Deputy Speaker of Parliament but travels

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regularly to the University to discuss his thesis. This is the

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thesis which he wrote. The senior academics who survived him --

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supervised Tim says he has a modern and reformist approach which is

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different from the hardline religious leadership which has

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dominated a run for so long. I met a professor who was one of his

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academic supervisors in Glasgow. He told me the fact Hassan Rowhani

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wanted to study in Britain reflected his comparatively liberal instincts.

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He chose Great Britain because he has respect for the legal system

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here, the judiciary and the legislative system. The Parliament.

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Absolutely. He believes he will bring reform. I am hopeful he will

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be successful in delivering the promises he made to the nation

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however I would not say it will be an immediate change, it has to be

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gradual towards an Orion of sustainable development and good

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relations with the rest of the world. Hassan Rowhani has called the

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many changes including re-engaging with the West to end the crisis over

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the nuclear programme so economic sanctions on Iran are lifted.

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Provided the United States is willing to authorise a negotiating

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position that includes ways for Iran to benefit then I believe during his

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presidency it should be possible to negotiate a solution, a permanent

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long-term solution to the nuclear question.

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In Orion, there are high expectations of change. At how much

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Hassan Rowhani will achieve remains an open question. With me now is

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Rana Rahimpour from the BBC's Persian Service.

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Tell us what exactly did Hassan Rowhani say at the Palestinian rally

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today? These are his exact words translated. He said that the

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occupation of the holy land of Palestine and Jerusalem is an old

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wound in the body of the Muslim world and he never mentioned Israel

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or the Zionist regime as the politicians refer to it or never

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mentioned removing anyone unlike what some of the Iranian news

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agencies said which they have corrected and have apologised for

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the way they reported it. So, in saying it is an old wound, that is

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not a controversial one for a Muslim leader to make but how you think the

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misunderstanding began in the first place, why would he be misquoted?

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Was a mistake or mischief? I think it was a mistake because that is

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what people say at the rallies, people are there to denounce Israel

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and they expect to hear this, they are used to hearing these rhetoric

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is from Ahmadinejad. It was an expectation and they decided to end

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the sentence it is the sentence they things from Binyamin Netanyahu, this

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is like Ahmadinejad but he did attend this rally in Tehran so why

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would he be playing the Palestinian card so early, he has been sworn

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that has not been sworn in yet. have too attend the rally and Hassan

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Rowhani is part of the establishment. He will not change

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the rainy and policy towards Israel but he is an experienced diplomat

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and he knows what words can do and he knows the value of each word and

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that's why we were surprised when we heard the news, Ahmadinejad has

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never been a diplomat but Hassan Rowhani knows how words can be

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misquoted and I think he will be much more careful especially when he

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has promised more engagement with the West. Do we know what his policy

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priorities will be? He said he is seeking more engagement with the

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West he once more transparency when it comes to the nuclear policy so it

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seems he is trying to reach out a hand to the West. Well done. Thank

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you. The former Italian prime minister

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Silvio Berlusconi has reacted and delete after his risen sentence was

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upheld by the highest court in the country. In a televised statement

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Silvio Berlusconi described himself as an innocent facing genuine

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harassment. He is unlikely to go to jail because of his age and is more

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likely to face community service or house arrest.

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Investigators looking into the train crash that killed 79 people in

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north-west Spain last week say the driver ignored three separate

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warnings to slow down. He received the final warning 250 metres before

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getting to the curve with the train crash. The driver, Francisco Jose

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Garzon Amo, applied the emergency brakes seconds later.

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Prince George has had his worst registered. He was registered as His

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Royal Highness Prince George Alexander Louis of Cambridge. -- he

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had his birth registered. When the American pop star Kelly

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Clarkson bot and gold ring at auction she might have thought that

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was that -- purchased an old gold ring.

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There are no diamonds. But this simple ring is a precious piece of

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Jane Austen's past. When her descendants could tap auction last

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year American singer Kelly Clarkson what it. But she has only been able

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to wear a replica. The British Government has placed an export ban

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on the ring. The committee felt, after discussions, that this ring

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was of such reality in terms of its association with Jane Austin, that

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it was worth saving for the nation. At the author's former house the

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only other former pieces of the author's Julie Arquette safely and

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locked glass. The museum could not compete with the auction house.

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looks like the price was going to go through the roof. It is difficult to

:19:13.:19:23.
:19:23.:19:24.

raise and off a lot of money very quickly. Given that the American

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singer won the bid fair and square is it right that she should be

:19:27.:19:37.
:19:37.:19:41.

denied her purchase? I admire her. But we need to keep so much here.

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is part of our heritage. It is very special. She wanted to wear it as an

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engagement ring. That is very romantic. For now the rain remains

:19:53.:20:03.
:20:03.:20:04.

in the UK but there last chapter is yet to be written.

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Politicians often have to come to terms with scrutiny of their private

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lives. In the race to be the next mayor of New York City two

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candidates are trying to relaunch their political careers after

:20:18.:20:28.
:20:28.:20:43.

colourful scandals. Voters can pick Wherever he goes and media circus

:20:43.:20:50.

follows. Anthony Wiener, the candidate for New York Mayor, who is

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almost as well known as his alias, Carlos Danger. That is the name he

:20:58.:21:05.

used. The topic at this meeting was supposed to me how to rebuild the

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community, but attention quickly turned to the wreckage of his

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career. How can I trust you with my family and my community venue cannot

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be trusted in your own family? not so much that new EU or is

:21:29.:21:39.
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shocked by the revelations. Two years ago photo has got to view

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the front portrait of the then Congressman. He had sent online

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photos to women. He had to resign. The front pages had a familiar look

:22:01.:22:11.
:22:11.:22:14.

will stop -- familiar look. That is not the way we role in New

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York City. I do not understand how you think you would have the moral

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authority to oversee employees when your standard of conduct is so much

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more than the standard of conduct that is expected of us. By contrast

:22:33.:22:43.
:22:43.:22:47.

Eliot Spitzer has mounted a mortal comeback. -- at model comeback. He

:22:47.:22:57.
:22:57.:23:05.

was forced to resign after a sex Let us talk more about this.

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We will speak to Robert Shapiro. He has been an adviser to Bill

:23:10.:23:20.
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Clinton, Al Gore, and Barack Obama. What is the difference between Eliot

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Spitzer and Anthony Wiener. Eliot Spitzer had sex. Anthony Wiener had

:23:29.:23:39.
:23:39.:23:40.

a lesser scandal. There is no evidence that Eliot Spitzer repeated

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his mistake. Weiner had to resign and then went on doing the same

:23:49.:23:59.
:23:59.:23:59.

behaviour. The most important difference is that Eliot Spitzer had

:23:59.:24:09.
:24:09.:24:16.

an extraordinary record as Attorney General. He has a record of

:24:16.:24:26.
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distinction. Anthony Wiener's record in Congress is more diminutive.

:24:29.:24:31.

if you are a politician of real ability that can transcend our

:24:31.:24:41.
:24:41.:24:49.

sexual scandal? -- a sexual scandal westerner --? The public supported

:24:49.:24:59.

Bill Clinton through his scandal. He was the most successful US president

:24:59.:25:06.

in a generation. That is what the public values. What the voters of

:25:06.:25:11.

New York will value most is someone who can demonstrate that they can

:25:11.:25:17.

manage the beers of the city in the interests of the people. -- manage

:25:17.:25:26.

their business of the city. What about the role of the waves standing

:25:26.:25:36.
:25:36.:25:45.

by their man? -- the ways standing by their men? I cannot speculate on

:25:46.:25:53.

anybody's marriage. I did not mean that. I mean, standing by your man.

:25:53.:26:03.
:26:03.:26:11.

How important is that? It is to kill. -- it is critical. If they do

:26:11.:26:20.

not it is a closed deal. The spouse has got to stand by for there to be

:26:20.:26:28.

any realistic chance of getting the public to see beyond the sexual

:26:28.:26:34.

scandal to the qualities that the candidate is offering.

:26:34.:26:44.
:26:44.:26:46.

Thank you for sharing your insights. Robert Mugabe has officially won a

:26:46.:26:56.
:26:56.:26:59.

substantial majority in Zimbabwe. substantial majority in Zimbabwe.

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That is all for now. Goodbye. We will all see some sunshine. Most

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of us will see a few showers as well. This is the picture this

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evening and overnight. This is where the wildest of the weather will be

:27:21.:27:31.
:27:31.:27:35.

in the morning. For most of us some showers and some sunshine.

:27:35.:27:45.
:27:45.:27:55.

Temperature is not as they have been. There will be a few showers

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