05/08/2013 World News Today


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me, saner and Dali. Turkey's former military chief is one of puzzled --


Gazans jailed for plotting to overthrow the government. What does


this tell us about who controls the levers of power is in Turkey?


Overreaction or a real terror threat - US embassies in the Middle East


and Africa will remain shut until the end of the week.


The world's biggest dairy exporter apologises for a scare in its


powdered dairy milk products. And the $300,000 burger being touted


as the meat of the future, but apparently it doesn't taste that


good. Hello and welcome. The five-year


mass trial of army officers, journalists and academics in Turkey


has come to an end but the controversy has by no means


finished. Protesters clashed with police outside the courthouse even


before the verdicts were handed down. Nearly 275 have been found


guilty of plotting to overthrow the Islamist leaning dogma. One of them


is a former army chief who received a life sentence. The trial has put


the focus on tensions between secular traditions and the ruling AK


Party, which has its roots in political Islam.


Outside the high criminal Court, the protests began before the verdicts


were even delivered. The police stopped demonstrators from making it


to the court. We are the soldiers of the founder of the secular state,


the protesters chanted. They accused the government, rooted in Islam, of


inventing a conspiracy to silence valid opposition. I have attacked


the life sentences given to former army commanders.


TRANSLATION: this is a menace to the Republic of Turkey. If you are


trying somebody who is a member of the Armed Forces for being a member


of a terrorist organisation, you are trying be army. This nation will not


accept it. -- trying the army. prime minister once sat next to the


man accused of leading the conspiracy. The court has found him


guilty of plotting against the Prime Minister. The general has said the


church -- the charges are comic. The decades the military was the final


arbiter in Turkish politics. Between 1960 and 1997 the Armed Forces


removed four civilian governments but Erdogan has now asserted


civilian supremacy over the military. The sentences handed out


at the court are a sign of the changing nature of the Turkish


state. The military has lost its overwhelming power. Its defenders,


supporters of secularism, struggle to form a movement capable of


challenging the government. I am joined by the Turkey analyst


Fadi Hakura from Chatham House. Who would have thought that the once


powerful Turkish military would come to this? I think what happened today


is not a surprise. For five years there has been a clear process where


the civilian government was asserting and consolidating its


control over the military establishment. You needed to take


the army out of Turkish politics, the EU wanted Turkey to do that. But


they have been custodians of secularism in Turkey. If they are


not going to do the job, who is? Pretty much now it is left to the


Turkish voters. The military can no longer intervene in politics, the


period of military coups is over. What we saw in Egypt cannot happen


in Egypt. -- in Turkey. It is left to Turkish democracy to deal with


these ideological issues. What about the judiciary -- are they able to be


a check on the legislature? There is increasing evidence that the


judiciary is coming under control of the government. We are seeing less


and less evidence that they can elite act as an independent check on


the Prime Minister's extensive power. Is there any personal


animosity in this case. When the general was army chief, that is when


you had the military chief in 1997, and Erdogan ended up in prison. In a


sense the tables have been turned. Given the harsh sentences meted out


today by the court, there is growing opinion that this case became


increasingly politicised, that there was an element of score settling,


and even the United Nations working group on arbitrary detention


criticised the trial. The trial was held behind closed doors and most


witness statements were in secret. Do we know whether there is any


chance of a real appeal? I think the likelihood of a successful appeal


looks remote. It is most likely in the immediate future that these top


sentences will stand. -- tough sentences. I doubt that these


verdicts will trigger a massive political reaction in Turkey. It has


been ongoing for five years and really the majority opinion in


Turkey, whether amongst secularists, liberals are Conservatives or


nationalists, they don't want to see any military intervention. When we


secret Susan is about the AK Party, and its critics say they are trying


to make society more Islamists, are they going to have a more free hand


as a result of this sentence? think they had enormous political


leveraged even before this verdict. The last tree or four years the AK


Party has been in the asserted -- the ascendancy and has been able to


implement its agenda in Turkey. Where would you put this trial in


the history of modern Turkey? think this verdict would be seen as


a lost opportunity. Turkey could have used this occasion to really


reveal the tragedies and brutalities of the past clues -- coups.


The US State Department has been giving its reasons to close around


20 embassies in the Middle East and Africa on Sunday. It has extended


the period until August ten. The US believes it has credible information


about a possible terror attack. The State Department said there was a


serious threat. We will keep evaluating information


as it comes in, and that is why yesterday we announced that sum


would be reopening and some would be closing today. We are going to keep


analysing the information and making adjustments where we need to but


overall what we are doing is taking precautionary steps to protect our


people and our facilities and visitors to those facilities


overseas. A spokesperson for the US State


Department there. Let's go to our risk -- our correspondent Rajini


Vaidyanathan. They say they don't want to be too specific but what is


the chapter that they have been hearing? -- chatter. We did not get


any more details but she reiterated that the source of the threat was


chatter, intercepted conversations suggesting that Al-Qaeda in the


Arabian Peninsula were planning an attack and that it was of a serious


nature, which is why they wanted to close this many embassies. What she


said in the briefing is that, as the now, the closures of the 19 will


continue. -- as for now. She said she could not give a finite time and


when any may open but she said that for at least a week the 19 would


remain closed. She was pressed on the idea that if it was a specific


threat why are so many embassies being shut? One reporter suggested


it was not that specific but she was unable to give us any more clarity


than that. Further next week, until the weekend, these 19 will remain


shut. It is worth noting that she said they were reevaluating the


situation day by day. What is the chatter in Washington about this. Do


they think this is an overreaction or the right response? One thing


many people are saying in Washington is that this has come at a time when


lawmakers have gone on their summer holiday so in terms of getting more


information people have been feeling that they have been in the dark


slightly. We heard from some congressmen over the weekend who


talked about the level of the threat, they have been briefed over


the weekend and they did reveal some information about the severity of


it, about the fact that the source of this potential attack was


Al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula, but other than that there is a


feeling that more information is needed in terms of what will happen


after this week, will discontinue. I have spoken to a former US


ambassador who spent time in Iraq and he said that whilst it is worth


noting that they are closing these embassies it will not be a total


shutdown. They are going into security mode, there will still


people inside. In one sense they are not completely shut down. There


still will be a presence in these countries but they will be operating


in a very different way. Thank you, Rajini Vaidyanathan in Washington.


As the US takes measures to protect -- to prevent an attack abroad,


there has been more information about the lack -- the latest attack


on American soil. One of the brothers involved allegedly in the


Boston bombings was involved in websites involving white supremacy


and anti-government rubber gander. -- propaganda.


The horror of April in Boston and a burning question in the mind of


America - where did the hatred come from to do this? When these ethnic


Chechen brothers, Tamala and and Dzhokhar, were caught on camera, it


was put down to the work of jihadists. They had been reading


militant Islamic websites. But now the BBC has found out that the older


brother was reading right wing American literature months before


the bombing. Articles about government conspiracies, gun rights,


white supremacy and the minds of mass killers. Was Tamala a true


radical jihadist or just an angry young man who latched onto Islam. --


Tamerlan. A few months ago he had risen to become a prominent boxer. A


close friend said he began to change around the time he was barred from


competing at a national level because he did not have American


citizenship. He vanished, it raised his face chip page -- Facebook page.


He began to hate America and turned heavily to Islam. At his mosque near


Boston he only turned up to pray occasionally. As far as connecting


with the Islamic community here, actually praying, being involved,


doing acts of charity, all of those were pretty much lacking. I would


say maybe he was just a Muslim of convenience. The brothers were on


their way here, New York, with more bombs before they were caught.


America's terror services are on constant alert. They are a new, less


predictable kind of terrorist. The chief minister of the British


territory of Gibraltar, off southern Spain, has accused Madrid of sabre


rattling and "acting like North Korea" in a dispute over fishing


rights. Tensions have increased between the two countries after the


Spanish government suggested it could introduce a fee for crossing


the border into Gibraltar, as Bridget Kendall reports. The Rock of


Gibraltar, Britain's tiny outpost on the tip of Spain. After tightened


border controls caused traffic chaos one week ago, the row seems to be


hotting up. Spain's foreign minister has warned that his government might


impose new restrictions on traffic and flights in and out of the


territory, declaring, the party is over. Gibraltar's Chief Minister


this morning was also raising the rhetorical temperature. We have seen


the sabre rattling of the sort that we have not seen for some time.


threat, laid out in a Spanish newspaper interview, is just that, a


threat, but one step could be a border crossing fee of 50 euros for


each trip between Spain and Gibraltar. Another is tax


investigations into property owned by people from Gibraltar in Spain,


as well as closing Spanish airspace to planes landing at the airport in


Gibraltar. Downing Street said David Cameron was seriously concerned. And


this is what it seems prompted Spanish anger, concrete blocks


tipped into the Bay last month I Gibraltar, to make an artificial


reef to encourage marine life. Spain says the reef is illegal, and is


ripping the nets of Spanish fishermen. The row has rumbled on


for decades, and Britain says it wants this latest spat resolved


politically. But Spain has given no indication that it is prepared to


give way. It could be a long, hot August. Now, let's have a look at


some of the other main developments today. Pro-Mohamed Morsi protests


have been going on in Egypt. Today, US Senators John McCain and Lindsey


Graham have arrived in Cairo. Meanwhile, a former leading member


of the Muslim Brotherhood has said that only a minority of the


Brotherhood leaders want to reach a peaceful solution. Japanese nuclear


bread later is say the Fukushima power plant is facing a new


emergency. -- nuclear regulators. They say if a solution cannot be


found, material could spill into the Pacific Ocean. Germany's Olympic


Sports Union has demanded the publication of a study which alleges


that West Germany engaged in the doping of athletes in the 1970s. If


true, it would lead to comparisons with East Germany, which is known to


have doped its athletes during the Cold War. The New Zealand dairy


company Fonterra has apologised to Chinese customers after a health


scare led to some of its baby milk products being recalled. The company


found that a bacteria which can cause botulism was in some of which


supplies. It is a worrying development for Chinese parents, who


had to go through another crisis about unsafe baby milk several years


ago. Martin Patience reports from Beijing. It is a decision Chinese


parents agonise over, what milk formula to buy for their babies.


Following safety scandals here, many turned to foreign brands, believing


they were safer. But now, New Zealand's biggest dairy company has


ordered a major recall. The chief executive of Fonterra flew into


Beijing to apologise. We really grabbed the distress and anxiety


which this might have caused. We totally understand the concern of


parents and other consumers around the world. Fonterra has issued a


recall in countries including Australia, Thailand, Malaysia and


Vietnam. Russia has reportedly banned some of the company's


imports, but China is its main market. It buys the vast majority of


its milk powder from New Zealand. Domestic brands are no good, and


now, foreign brands are the same, said this man. I have no idea what


to choose. Six babies died in China in 2008 after drinking contaminated


formula. Since then, Chinese parents have paid a premium for foreign baby


milk. Such has been the demand that some supermarkets in Britain


introduced rationing to stop supplies being shipped to China.


Fonterra says it hopes to have everything under control within 48


hours, but winning back the trust of the Chinese public will take a good


deal longer than that. Staying with matters to do with food, how do you


like your beefburger watching Mark well done, medium or rare? Soon,


there may be a new choice on the market. -- your beefburger - well


done, medium or rare? Today, the first burger made from artificially


grown meat was served up to food critics here in London. The Dutch


scientist behind the breakthrough said he hoped the technology would


help feed people around the world. Pallab Ghosh reports. Grown in the


lab and cooked in a pan, the world 's first synthetic hamburger, but


what does it taste like? There is some quite intense taste, it is


close to meat, it is not that juicy, but the consistency is perfect.


taster is a food writer, chosen by the organisers the burger started


off in this dish, as a few cells taken from a dead cow. They were


then grown into this pale white circles of muscle. Food


technologists then added Caravelle saffron and other things to make it


taste better, and beetroot juice to make it look of the right colour. --


camera Mel, saffron and other things. It would be simpler for


people to eat less meat, and I would favour that, but meat consumption is


in fact increasing. In the UK, on average, each person eats AT


kilograms of meat a year, and that is likely to remain the same. There


is going to be rising demand internationally, by a growing


population, and more people wanting to eat meat in emerging nations such


as China. Currently, 258 million tonnes of meat is produced across


the world each year. In 2050, it is estimated that it will need to be


455 million tonnes. It is not necessarily about producing more


food, but it is about changing the systems of supply, affordability and


accessibility, so that not just more food but better food gets to the


people who need it. Even those behind this project admit that their


meat will never taste as good as the real thing. But they say that as


prices rise, and animal welfare and environmental concerns increase,


their way is the only ethical and pragmatic way forward. Researchers


say it will be at least ten years before they perfect their burger,


and the first lab-grown meat will be on sale. Alex Renton is a food


policy journalist, also the author of Planet Carnivore, which looks at


the future of meat eating. He joins us now from Edinburgh. Once you get


past that yuk factor, do you think this could be the food of the


future? I think it could be one of the foods of the future. There is no


reason why everyone should eat it. But I certainly think it can fill in


a whole, where cheap meat is, and meat is an amazingly expensive


substance, in terms of planetary resources. Is there not something


slightly abhorrent in producing something from the stem cells of a


dead cow? . Well, I am a meat eater, and far more abhorrent to me is what


goes on every day to millions of animals in factory farms around the


world. That involves terrible cruelty, really just in order to


produce the cheapest possible meat. One great promise in this is that no


animals whatsoever will suffer. we retire the world's hours and


leave them to Cherry on chewing their card, and take their milk and


not eat them at all? -- to Cherry on chewing their cud. -- carry on. No,


I think what is far more likely is that we will not be shipping


products across the world. The cheap end of the animal protein market,


the people who at the moment are fed in quite disgusting ways, often from


recovered meat, from animal carcasses which have been pressure


hosed, this new technology will supply that end of the market. Those


of us who want to eat expensive, grass fed beef, can do so in the


traditional manner. If you had been asked to go and being that food


taster today, would you have agreed to do it? I would have loved to have


tried it. But for those meat connoisseurs, do you think it really


can mimic the taste of beef? No, I do not think it ever will. But one


of those journalists today was trying out a prototype, he never


said it was what he hoped to produce. It had no fat in it, which


is ridiculous, because all of the taste in meat comes from that. It


was just straight muscle tissue, which will not taste anything at


all. But 20 years down the line, I think there will be something which


will convince a lot of people. But at the moment, if you eat a cheap


sausage or a burger, which might have horse meat in it, that is a lot


of dubious stuff on it, and if you saw it on the animal's bones, you


would not think there was meat on it. A reminder of our main news.


Protests in Turkey, as a five-year trial of 275 soldiers, journalists


and academics ends in a string lengthy string of prison sentences.


The former head of the Turkish military, General Basbug, was


sentenced to life in prison, as were several other former army generals.


Outside the courthouse, police fired water cannon at protesters. That is


Isles, it really has been a wash-out tonight. But the rest of the week


could not be more different. Tomorrow, much drier. Here is the


culprit for that wet weather, which badly affected the south-west of


England, Wales, and Scotland on Monday. By Tuesday, it will have


made way for much clearer conditions. Still some long spells


of sunshine tomorrow afternoon. East Anglia and the south-east, in the


sunshine, temperatures getting up to about 23. What a big difference,


though, for the south-west of England, the Midlands and Wales. The


torrential downpours are gone, replaced by sunny spells, light


winds, with temperatures getting up into the low 20s. Northern Ireland


could have a bit more cloud on Tuesday, with isolated showers. But


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