05/08/2013 World News Today


05/08/2013

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me, saner and Dali. Turkey's former military chief is one of puzzled --

:00:15.:00:22.

Gazans jailed for plotting to overthrow the government. What does

:00:22.:00:28.

this tell us about who controls the levers of power is in Turkey?

:00:28.:00:33.

Overreaction or a real terror threat - US embassies in the Middle East

:00:33.:00:36.

and Africa will remain shut until the end of the week.

:00:36.:00:41.

The world's biggest dairy exporter apologises for a scare in its

:00:41.:00:49.

powdered dairy milk products. And the $300,000 burger being touted

:00:49.:00:52.

as the meat of the future, but apparently it doesn't taste that

:00:52.:01:02.
:01:02.:01:05.

good. Hello and welcome. The five-year

:01:05.:01:09.

mass trial of army officers, journalists and academics in Turkey

:01:09.:01:14.

has come to an end but the controversy has by no means

:01:15.:01:19.

finished. Protesters clashed with police outside the courthouse even

:01:19.:01:23.

before the verdicts were handed down. Nearly 275 have been found

:01:23.:01:29.

guilty of plotting to overthrow the Islamist leaning dogma. One of them

:01:29.:01:34.

is a former army chief who received a life sentence. The trial has put

:01:34.:01:40.

the focus on tensions between secular traditions and the ruling AK

:01:40.:01:44.

Party, which has its roots in political Islam.

:01:44.:01:48.

Outside the high criminal Court, the protests began before the verdicts

:01:48.:01:56.

were even delivered. The police stopped demonstrators from making it

:01:56.:02:03.

to the court. We are the soldiers of the founder of the secular state,

:02:03.:02:10.

the protesters chanted. They accused the government, rooted in Islam, of

:02:10.:02:16.

inventing a conspiracy to silence valid opposition. I have attacked

:02:16.:02:22.

the life sentences given to former army commanders.

:02:22.:02:26.

TRANSLATION: this is a menace to the Republic of Turkey. If you are

:02:26.:02:32.

trying somebody who is a member of the Armed Forces for being a member

:02:32.:02:36.

of a terrorist organisation, you are trying be army. This nation will not

:02:36.:02:46.

accept it. -- trying the army. prime minister once sat next to the

:02:46.:02:55.

man accused of leading the conspiracy. The court has found him

:02:55.:02:59.

guilty of plotting against the Prime Minister. The general has said the

:02:59.:03:06.

church -- the charges are comic. The decades the military was the final

:03:06.:03:12.

arbiter in Turkish politics. Between 1960 and 1997 the Armed Forces

:03:12.:03:17.

removed four civilian governments but Erdogan has now asserted

:03:17.:03:20.

civilian supremacy over the military. The sentences handed out

:03:20.:03:25.

at the court are a sign of the changing nature of the Turkish

:03:25.:03:35.

state. The military has lost its overwhelming power. Its defenders,

:03:35.:03:38.

supporters of secularism, struggle to form a movement capable of

:03:38.:03:47.

challenging the government. I am joined by the Turkey analyst

:03:47.:03:54.

Fadi Hakura from Chatham House. Who would have thought that the once

:03:54.:04:02.

powerful Turkish military would come to this? I think what happened today

:04:02.:04:07.

is not a surprise. For five years there has been a clear process where

:04:07.:04:12.

the civilian government was asserting and consolidating its

:04:12.:04:15.

control over the military establishment. You needed to take

:04:15.:04:24.

the army out of Turkish politics, the EU wanted Turkey to do that. But

:04:24.:04:27.

they have been custodians of secularism in Turkey. If they are

:04:28.:04:34.

not going to do the job, who is? Pretty much now it is left to the

:04:34.:04:38.

Turkish voters. The military can no longer intervene in politics, the

:04:38.:04:45.

period of military coups is over. What we saw in Egypt cannot happen

:04:45.:04:53.

in Egypt. -- in Turkey. It is left to Turkish democracy to deal with

:04:53.:05:01.

these ideological issues. What about the judiciary -- are they able to be

:05:01.:05:10.

a check on the legislature? There is increasing evidence that the

:05:10.:05:14.

judiciary is coming under control of the government. We are seeing less

:05:15.:05:23.

and less evidence that they can elite act as an independent check on

:05:23.:05:29.

the Prime Minister's extensive power. Is there any personal

:05:29.:05:33.

animosity in this case. When the general was army chief, that is when

:05:33.:05:38.

you had the military chief in 1997, and Erdogan ended up in prison. In a

:05:39.:05:45.

sense the tables have been turned. Given the harsh sentences meted out

:05:45.:05:53.

today by the court, there is growing opinion that this case became

:05:53.:05:57.

increasingly politicised, that there was an element of score settling,

:05:57.:06:03.

and even the United Nations working group on arbitrary detention

:06:03.:06:10.

criticised the trial. The trial was held behind closed doors and most

:06:10.:06:14.

witness statements were in secret. Do we know whether there is any

:06:14.:06:21.

chance of a real appeal? I think the likelihood of a successful appeal

:06:21.:06:25.

looks remote. It is most likely in the immediate future that these top

:06:25.:06:35.
:06:35.:06:36.

sentences will stand. -- tough sentences. I doubt that these

:06:36.:06:41.

verdicts will trigger a massive political reaction in Turkey. It has

:06:41.:06:48.

been ongoing for five years and really the majority opinion in

:06:48.:06:54.

Turkey, whether amongst secularists, liberals are Conservatives or

:06:54.:07:00.

nationalists, they don't want to see any military intervention. When we

:07:00.:07:09.

secret Susan is about the AK Party, and its critics say they are trying

:07:09.:07:13.

to make society more Islamists, are they going to have a more free hand

:07:13.:07:19.

as a result of this sentence? think they had enormous political

:07:19.:07:25.

leveraged even before this verdict. The last tree or four years the AK

:07:25.:07:29.

Party has been in the asserted -- the ascendancy and has been able to

:07:29.:07:37.

implement its agenda in Turkey. Where would you put this trial in

:07:37.:07:44.

the history of modern Turkey? think this verdict would be seen as

:07:44.:07:50.

a lost opportunity. Turkey could have used this occasion to really

:07:50.:08:00.
:08:00.:08:08.

reveal the tragedies and brutalities of the past clues -- coups.

:08:08.:08:12.

The US State Department has been giving its reasons to close around

:08:12.:08:16.

20 embassies in the Middle East and Africa on Sunday. It has extended

:08:16.:08:24.

the period until August ten. The US believes it has credible information

:08:24.:08:28.

about a possible terror attack. The State Department said there was a

:08:28.:08:31.

serious threat. We will keep evaluating information

:08:31.:08:40.

as it comes in, and that is why yesterday we announced that sum

:08:40.:08:47.

would be reopening and some would be closing today. We are going to keep

:08:47.:08:50.

analysing the information and making adjustments where we need to but

:08:50.:08:59.

overall what we are doing is taking precautionary steps to protect our

:08:59.:09:01.

people and our facilities and visitors to those facilities

:09:01.:09:06.

overseas. A spokesperson for the US State

:09:06.:09:09.

Department there. Let's go to our risk -- our correspondent Rajini

:09:09.:09:15.

Vaidyanathan. They say they don't want to be too specific but what is

:09:15.:09:25.
:09:25.:09:32.

the chapter that they have been hearing? -- chatter. We did not get

:09:32.:09:36.

any more details but she reiterated that the source of the threat was

:09:36.:09:42.

chatter, intercepted conversations suggesting that Al-Qaeda in the

:09:42.:09:46.

Arabian Peninsula were planning an attack and that it was of a serious

:09:46.:09:51.

nature, which is why they wanted to close this many embassies. What she

:09:51.:09:58.

said in the briefing is that, as the now, the closures of the 19 will

:09:58.:10:05.

continue. -- as for now. She said she could not give a finite time and

:10:05.:10:11.

when any may open but she said that for at least a week the 19 would

:10:11.:10:17.

remain closed. She was pressed on the idea that if it was a specific

:10:17.:10:21.

threat why are so many embassies being shut? One reporter suggested

:10:21.:10:26.

it was not that specific but she was unable to give us any more clarity

:10:26.:10:33.

than that. Further next week, until the weekend, these 19 will remain

:10:33.:10:38.

shut. It is worth noting that she said they were reevaluating the

:10:38.:10:45.

situation day by day. What is the chatter in Washington about this. Do

:10:45.:10:51.

they think this is an overreaction or the right response? One thing

:10:51.:10:55.

many people are saying in Washington is that this has come at a time when

:10:55.:10:59.

lawmakers have gone on their summer holiday so in terms of getting more

:10:59.:11:02.

information people have been feeling that they have been in the dark

:11:02.:11:06.

slightly. We heard from some congressmen over the weekend who

:11:06.:11:10.

talked about the level of the threat, they have been briefed over

:11:10.:11:15.

the weekend and they did reveal some information about the severity of

:11:15.:11:20.

it, about the fact that the source of this potential attack was

:11:20.:11:24.

Al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula, but other than that there is a

:11:24.:11:28.

feeling that more information is needed in terms of what will happen

:11:28.:11:34.

after this week, will discontinue. I have spoken to a former US

:11:34.:11:39.

ambassador who spent time in Iraq and he said that whilst it is worth

:11:39.:11:45.

noting that they are closing these embassies it will not be a total

:11:45.:11:50.

shutdown. They are going into security mode, there will still

:11:50.:11:57.

people inside. In one sense they are not completely shut down. There

:11:57.:12:03.

still will be a presence in these countries but they will be operating

:12:03.:12:10.

in a very different way. Thank you, Rajini Vaidyanathan in Washington.

:12:10.:12:19.

As the US takes measures to protect -- to prevent an attack abroad,

:12:19.:12:24.

there has been more information about the lack -- the latest attack

:12:24.:12:28.

on American soil. One of the brothers involved allegedly in the

:12:28.:12:37.

Boston bombings was involved in websites involving white supremacy

:12:37.:12:46.

and anti-government rubber gander. -- propaganda.

:12:46.:12:52.

The horror of April in Boston and a burning question in the mind of

:12:52.:12:56.

America - where did the hatred come from to do this? When these ethnic

:12:56.:13:02.

Chechen brothers, Tamala and and Dzhokhar, were caught on camera, it

:13:02.:13:08.

was put down to the work of jihadists. They had been reading

:13:08.:13:15.

militant Islamic websites. But now the BBC has found out that the older

:13:15.:13:18.

brother was reading right wing American literature months before

:13:18.:13:22.

the bombing. Articles about government conspiracies, gun rights,

:13:22.:13:29.

white supremacy and the minds of mass killers. Was Tamala a true

:13:29.:13:37.

radical jihadist or just an angry young man who latched onto Islam. --

:13:37.:13:43.

Tamerlan. A few months ago he had risen to become a prominent boxer. A

:13:43.:13:47.

close friend said he began to change around the time he was barred from

:13:47.:13:50.

competing at a national level because he did not have American

:13:50.:13:59.

citizenship. He vanished, it raised his face chip page -- Facebook page.

:13:59.:14:05.

He began to hate America and turned heavily to Islam. At his mosque near

:14:05.:14:10.

Boston he only turned up to pray occasionally. As far as connecting

:14:10.:14:15.

with the Islamic community here, actually praying, being involved,

:14:15.:14:20.

doing acts of charity, all of those were pretty much lacking. I would

:14:20.:14:27.

say maybe he was just a Muslim of convenience. The brothers were on

:14:27.:14:35.

their way here, New York, with more bombs before they were caught.

:14:35.:14:42.

America's terror services are on constant alert. They are a new, less

:14:42.:14:50.

predictable kind of terrorist. The chief minister of the British

:14:50.:14:56.

territory of Gibraltar, off southern Spain, has accused Madrid of sabre

:14:56.:14:59.

rattling and "acting like North Korea" in a dispute over fishing

:14:59.:15:03.

rights. Tensions have increased between the two countries after the

:15:03.:15:06.

Spanish government suggested it could introduce a fee for crossing

:15:06.:15:12.

the border into Gibraltar, as Bridget Kendall reports. The Rock of

:15:12.:15:18.

Gibraltar, Britain's tiny outpost on the tip of Spain. After tightened

:15:19.:15:23.

border controls caused traffic chaos one week ago, the row seems to be

:15:23.:15:29.

hotting up. Spain's foreign minister has warned that his government might

:15:29.:15:31.

impose new restrictions on traffic and flights in and out of the

:15:31.:15:35.

territory, declaring, the party is over. Gibraltar's Chief Minister

:15:35.:15:45.
:15:45.:15:47.

this morning was also raising the rhetorical temperature. We have seen

:15:47.:15:53.

the sabre rattling of the sort that we have not seen for some time.

:15:53.:15:57.

threat, laid out in a Spanish newspaper interview, is just that, a

:15:57.:16:05.

threat, but one step could be a border crossing fee of 50 euros for

:16:05.:16:09.

each trip between Spain and Gibraltar. Another is tax

:16:09.:16:12.

investigations into property owned by people from Gibraltar in Spain,

:16:12.:16:18.

as well as closing Spanish airspace to planes landing at the airport in

:16:18.:16:21.

Gibraltar. Downing Street said David Cameron was seriously concerned. And

:16:21.:16:26.

this is what it seems prompted Spanish anger, concrete blocks

:16:26.:16:31.

tipped into the Bay last month I Gibraltar, to make an artificial

:16:31.:16:35.

reef to encourage marine life. Spain says the reef is illegal, and is

:16:35.:16:40.

ripping the nets of Spanish fishermen. The row has rumbled on

:16:40.:16:42.

for decades, and Britain says it wants this latest spat resolved

:16:42.:16:48.

politically. But Spain has given no indication that it is prepared to

:16:48.:16:56.

give way. It could be a long, hot August. Now, let's have a look at

:16:56.:17:01.

some of the other main developments today. Pro-Mohamed Morsi protests

:17:01.:17:11.
:17:11.:17:11.

have been going on in Egypt. Today, US Senators John McCain and Lindsey

:17:11.:17:15.

Graham have arrived in Cairo. Meanwhile, a former leading member

:17:15.:17:19.

of the Muslim Brotherhood has said that only a minority of the

:17:19.:17:24.

Brotherhood leaders want to reach a peaceful solution. Japanese nuclear

:17:24.:17:28.

bread later is say the Fukushima power plant is facing a new

:17:28.:17:34.

emergency. -- nuclear regulators. They say if a solution cannot be

:17:34.:17:41.

found, material could spill into the Pacific Ocean. Germany's Olympic

:17:41.:17:45.

Sports Union has demanded the publication of a study which alleges

:17:45.:17:49.

that West Germany engaged in the doping of athletes in the 1970s. If

:17:49.:17:56.

true, it would lead to comparisons with East Germany, which is known to

:17:56.:18:02.

have doped its athletes during the Cold War. The New Zealand dairy

:18:02.:18:05.

company Fonterra has apologised to Chinese customers after a health

:18:05.:18:10.

scare led to some of its baby milk products being recalled. The company

:18:10.:18:14.

found that a bacteria which can cause botulism was in some of which

:18:14.:18:19.

supplies. It is a worrying development for Chinese parents, who

:18:19.:18:22.

had to go through another crisis about unsafe baby milk several years

:18:22.:18:29.

ago. Martin Patience reports from Beijing. It is a decision Chinese

:18:29.:18:33.

parents agonise over, what milk formula to buy for their babies.

:18:33.:18:38.

Following safety scandals here, many turned to foreign brands, believing

:18:38.:18:41.

they were safer. But now, New Zealand's biggest dairy company has

:18:41.:18:46.

ordered a major recall. The chief executive of Fonterra flew into

:18:46.:18:54.

Beijing to apologise. We really grabbed the distress and anxiety

:18:54.:18:58.

which this might have caused. We totally understand the concern of

:18:58.:19:05.

parents and other consumers around the world. Fonterra has issued a

:19:05.:19:10.

recall in countries including Australia, Thailand, Malaysia and

:19:10.:19:14.

Vietnam. Russia has reportedly banned some of the company's

:19:14.:19:18.

imports, but China is its main market. It buys the vast majority of

:19:18.:19:24.

its milk powder from New Zealand. Domestic brands are no good, and

:19:24.:19:28.

now, foreign brands are the same, said this man. I have no idea what

:19:28.:19:35.

to choose. Six babies died in China in 2008 after drinking contaminated

:19:36.:19:39.

formula. Since then, Chinese parents have paid a premium for foreign baby

:19:39.:19:44.

milk. Such has been the demand that some supermarkets in Britain

:19:44.:19:50.

introduced rationing to stop supplies being shipped to China.

:19:50.:19:55.

Fonterra says it hopes to have everything under control within 48

:19:55.:19:59.

hours, but winning back the trust of the Chinese public will take a good

:19:59.:20:07.

deal longer than that. Staying with matters to do with food, how do you

:20:07.:20:12.

like your beefburger watching Mark well done, medium or rare? Soon,

:20:12.:20:22.
:20:22.:20:22.

there may be a new choice on the market. -- your beefburger - well

:20:22.:20:28.

done, medium or rare? Today, the first burger made from artificially

:20:28.:20:32.

grown meat was served up to food critics here in London. The Dutch

:20:32.:20:37.

scientist behind the breakthrough said he hoped the technology would

:20:37.:20:42.

help feed people around the world. Pallab Ghosh reports. Grown in the

:20:42.:20:47.

lab and cooked in a pan, the world 's first synthetic hamburger, but

:20:47.:20:52.

what does it taste like? There is some quite intense taste, it is

:20:52.:21:00.

close to meat, it is not that juicy, but the consistency is perfect.

:21:00.:21:06.

taster is a food writer, chosen by the organisers the burger started

:21:06.:21:11.

off in this dish, as a few cells taken from a dead cow. They were

:21:11.:21:14.

then grown into this pale white circles of muscle. Food

:21:14.:21:20.

technologists then added Caravelle saffron and other things to make it

:21:20.:21:24.

taste better, and beetroot juice to make it look of the right colour. --

:21:24.:21:34.

camera Mel, saffron and other things. It would be simpler for

:21:34.:21:39.

people to eat less meat, and I would favour that, but meat consumption is

:21:39.:21:45.

in fact increasing. In the UK, on average, each person eats AT

:21:45.:21:50.

kilograms of meat a year, and that is likely to remain the same. There

:21:50.:21:52.

is going to be rising demand internationally, by a growing

:21:52.:21:56.

population, and more people wanting to eat meat in emerging nations such

:21:56.:22:04.

as China. Currently, 258 million tonnes of meat is produced across

:22:04.:22:09.

the world each year. In 2050, it is estimated that it will need to be

:22:09.:22:18.

455 million tonnes. It is not necessarily about producing more

:22:18.:22:23.

food, but it is about changing the systems of supply, affordability and

:22:23.:22:27.

accessibility, so that not just more food but better food gets to the

:22:27.:22:32.

people who need it. Even those behind this project admit that their

:22:32.:22:39.

meat will never taste as good as the real thing. But they say that as

:22:39.:22:43.

prices rise, and animal welfare and environmental concerns increase,

:22:43.:22:48.

their way is the only ethical and pragmatic way forward. Researchers

:22:48.:22:52.

say it will be at least ten years before they perfect their burger,

:22:52.:22:57.

and the first lab-grown meat will be on sale. Alex Renton is a food

:22:57.:23:02.

policy journalist, also the author of Planet Carnivore, which looks at

:23:02.:23:06.

the future of meat eating. He joins us now from Edinburgh. Once you get

:23:06.:23:11.

past that yuk factor, do you think this could be the food of the

:23:11.:23:16.

future? I think it could be one of the foods of the future. There is no

:23:16.:23:21.

reason why everyone should eat it. But I certainly think it can fill in

:23:21.:23:30.

a whole, where cheap meat is, and meat is an amazingly expensive

:23:30.:23:34.

substance, in terms of planetary resources. Is there not something

:23:34.:23:38.

slightly abhorrent in producing something from the stem cells of a

:23:38.:23:48.
:23:48.:23:54.

dead cow? . Well, I am a meat eater, and far more abhorrent to me is what

:23:54.:23:57.

goes on every day to millions of animals in factory farms around the

:23:57.:24:03.

world. That involves terrible cruelty, really just in order to

:24:04.:24:08.

produce the cheapest possible meat. One great promise in this is that no

:24:08.:24:15.

animals whatsoever will suffer. we retire the world's hours and

:24:15.:24:18.

leave them to Cherry on chewing their card, and take their milk and

:24:18.:24:28.
:24:28.:24:34.

not eat them at all? -- to Cherry on chewing their cud. -- carry on. No,

:24:34.:24:38.

I think what is far more likely is that we will not be shipping

:24:38.:24:43.

products across the world. The cheap end of the animal protein market,

:24:43.:24:49.

the people who at the moment are fed in quite disgusting ways, often from

:24:49.:24:51.

recovered meat, from animal carcasses which have been pressure

:24:51.:24:56.

hosed, this new technology will supply that end of the market. Those

:24:56.:25:01.

of us who want to eat expensive, grass fed beef, can do so in the

:25:01.:25:05.

traditional manner. If you had been asked to go and being that food

:25:05.:25:11.

taster today, would you have agreed to do it? I would have loved to have

:25:11.:25:21.
:25:21.:25:23.

tried it. But for those meat connoisseurs, do you think it really

:25:23.:25:33.
:25:33.:25:34.

can mimic the taste of beef? No, I do not think it ever will. But one

:25:34.:25:37.

of those journalists today was trying out a prototype, he never

:25:37.:25:41.

said it was what he hoped to produce. It had no fat in it, which

:25:41.:25:46.

is ridiculous, because all of the taste in meat comes from that. It

:25:46.:25:49.

was just straight muscle tissue, which will not taste anything at

:25:49.:25:54.

all. But 20 years down the line, I think there will be something which

:25:54.:25:58.

will convince a lot of people. But at the moment, if you eat a cheap

:25:58.:26:03.

sausage or a burger, which might have horse meat in it, that is a lot

:26:03.:26:08.

of dubious stuff on it, and if you saw it on the animal's bones, you

:26:08.:26:18.
:26:18.:26:23.

would not think there was meat on it. A reminder of our main news.

:26:23.:26:28.

Protests in Turkey, as a five-year trial of 275 soldiers, journalists

:26:28.:26:36.

and academics ends in a string lengthy string of prison sentences.

:26:36.:26:41.

The former head of the Turkish military, General Basbug, was

:26:41.:26:46.

sentenced to life in prison, as were several other former army generals.

:26:46.:26:51.

Outside the courthouse, police fired water cannon at protesters. That is

:26:51.:27:01.
:27:01.:27:05.

Isles, it really has been a wash-out tonight. But the rest of the week

:27:05.:27:10.

could not be more different. Tomorrow, much drier. Here is the

:27:10.:27:15.

culprit for that wet weather, which badly affected the south-west of

:27:15.:27:21.

England, Wales, and Scotland on Monday. By Tuesday, it will have

:27:21.:27:28.

made way for much clearer conditions. Still some long spells

:27:28.:27:36.

of sunshine tomorrow afternoon. East Anglia and the south-east, in the

:27:37.:27:46.

sunshine, temperatures getting up to about 23. What a big difference,

:27:46.:27:49.

though, for the south-west of England, the Midlands and Wales. The

:27:49.:27:54.

torrential downpours are gone, replaced by sunny spells, light

:27:54.:27:58.

winds, with temperatures getting up into the low 20s. Northern Ireland

:27:58.:28:03.

could have a bit more cloud on Tuesday, with isolated showers. But

:28:03.:28:13.

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